Abstract

We demonstrated the synchronization of offset and repetition frequency between two independent Yb-doped fiber mode-locked lasers by injection locking. By injecting master-laser pulse-train into slave laser cavity, stability and accuracy of master frequency comb are transferred to slave comb. Passive stabilization of frequency comb offers robust and convenient way to duplicate frequency comb that can be applied to long-distance comb transfer. Injecting master pulse would also help to initiate and stabilize mode-locking of high repetition rate or ultrabroadband frequency combs. Additionally, we also demonstrated even more robust synchronization of combs can be achieved with the help of active stabilization of relative offset frequency difference.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  5. F. Adler, P. Maslowski, A. Foltynowicz, K. C. Cossel, T. C. Briles, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Mid-infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy with a broadband frequency comb,” Opt. Express 18, 21861–21872 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. L. Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405, L16–L20 (2010)
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3015–3017 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. L. Nugent-Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, “Impact of dispersion on amplitude and frequency noise in a Yb-fiber laser comb,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1578–1580 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

T. Walbaum, M. Löser, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, “Mechanisms in passive synchronization of erbium fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 743–750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Nugent-Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, “Impact of dispersion on amplitude and frequency noise in a Yb-fiber laser comb,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1578–1580 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (8)

N. Kuse, Y. Nomura, A. Ozawa, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, S. Watanabe, and Y. Kobayashi, “Self-compensation of third-order dispersion for ultrashort pulse generation demonstrated in an Yb fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3868–3870 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3015–3017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Yoshitomi, X. Zhou, Y. Kobayashi, H. Takada, and K. Torizuka, “Long-term stable passive synchronization of 50 μJ femtosecond Yb-doped fiber chirped-pulse amplifier with a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Express 18, 26027–26036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, “The evolving optical frequency comb [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, B51–B62 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Adler, P. Maslowski, A. Foltynowicz, K. C. Cossel, T. C. Briles, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Mid-infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy with a broadband frequency comb,” Opt. Express 18, 21861–21872 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent dual-comb spectroscopy at high signal-to-noise ratio,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 043817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. L. Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405, L16–L20 (2010)
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (7)

X. Zhou, D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Generation of 28-fs pulses from a mode-locked ytterbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 16, 7055–7059 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, and J. Ye, “Efficient output coupling of intracavity high-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1099–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2, 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Fu, B. k. Thomas, and L. Dong, “Efficient supercontinuum generations in silica suspended core fibers,” Opt. Express 16, 19629–19642 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

Q. Quraishi, S. A. Diddams, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Injenction-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers,” CLEO 2007CTuJ4, (2007).

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

2002 (1)

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Passive synchronization between femtosecond Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S171–S176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Adler, F.

Apolonski, A.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Araujo-Hauck, C.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernhardt, B.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Betz, M.

Briles, T. C.

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent dual-comb spectroscopy at high signal-to-noise ratio,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 043817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cossel, K. C.

Curto, G. L.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. L. Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405, L16–L20 (2010)
[CrossRef]

D’Odorico, S.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

Dong, L.

Fallnich, C.

T. Walbaum, M. Löser, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, “Mechanisms in passive synchronization of erbium fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 743–750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Fernandez, A.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foltynowicz, A.

Fu, L.

Gohle, Ch.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gross, P.

T. Walbaum, M. Löser, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, “Mechanisms in passive synchronization of erbium fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 743–750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guelachvili, G.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Haberl, F.

Hänsch, T. W.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. L. Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405, L16–L20 (2010)
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartl, I.

Herda, R.

Herrmann, M.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofer, M.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. L. Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405, L16–L20 (2010)
[CrossRef]

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacquet, P.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jacquey, M.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, T. A.

Kakehata, M.

D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, T. Onuma, H. Yokoi, T. Sekiguchi, and S. Nakamura, “Ultralow-jitter passive timing stabilization of a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser by injection of an optical pulse train,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3243–3245 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, and K. Torizuka, “Passive timing synchronization of femtosecond Er-fiber lasers and precise frequency comb control,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006) (2006).

Kataura, H.

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, and K. Torizuka, “Passive timing synchronization of femtosecond Er-fiber lasers and precise frequency comb control,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006) (2006).

Kentischer, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, Y.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, “Impact of dispersion on amplitude and frequency noise in a Yb-fiber laser comb,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1578–1580 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kuse, Y. Nomura, A. Ozawa, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, S. Watanabe, and Y. Kobayashi, “Self-compensation of third-order dispersion for ultrashort pulse generation demonstrated in an Yb fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3868–3870 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Yoshitomi, X. Zhou, Y. Kobayashi, H. Takada, and K. Torizuka, “Long-term stable passive synchronization of 50 μJ femtosecond Yb-doped fiber chirped-pulse amplifier with a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Express 18, 26027–26036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Generation of 28-fs pulses from a mode-locked ytterbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 16, 7055–7059 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Quraishi, S. A. Diddams, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Injenction-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers,” CLEO 2007CTuJ4, (2007).

D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, T. Onuma, H. Yokoi, T. Sekiguchi, and S. Nakamura, “Ultralow-jitter passive timing stabilization of a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser by injection of an optical pulse train,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3243–3245 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Passive synchronization between femtosecond Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S171–S176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, and K. Torizuka, “Passive timing synchronization of femtosecond Er-fiber lasers and precise frequency comb control,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006) (2006).

Krausz, F.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuse, N.

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

Laubereau, A.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Löser, M.

T. Walbaum, M. Löser, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, “Mechanisms in passive synchronization of erbium fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 743–750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lovis, C.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. L. Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405, L16–L20 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Manescau, A.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. L. Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405, L16–L20 (2010)
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcinkevicius, A.

A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3015–3017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2, 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M. J.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2, 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maslowski, P.

Murphy, M. T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakamura, S.

Newbury, N. R.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent dual-comb spectroscopy at high signal-to-noise ratio,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 043817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nomura, Y.

Nugent-Glandorf, L.

Ober, M. H.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Onuma, T.

Ozawa, A.

N. Kuse, Y. Nomura, A. Ozawa, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, S. Watanabe, and Y. Kobayashi, “Self-compensation of third-order dispersion for ultrashort pulse generation demonstrated in an Yb fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3868–3870 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pasquini, L.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. L. Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405, L16–L20 (2010)
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pervak, V.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Picqué, N.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Quraishi, Q.

Q. Quraishi, S. A. Diddams, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Injenction-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers,” CLEO 2007CTuJ4, (2007).

Rauschenberger, J.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruehl, A.

Rusu, M.

Sakakibara, Y.

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, and K. Torizuka, “Passive timing synchronization of femtosecond Er-fiber lasers and precise frequency comb control,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006) (2006).

Schibli, T. R.

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2, 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, and J. Ye, “Efficient output coupling of intracavity high-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1099–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, A. J.

Schmidt, W.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sekiguchi, T.

Siegman, A.

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, Mill Valley, CA, 1986).

Sortier, F.

Steinmetz, T.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. L. Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405, L16–L20 (2010)
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swann, W. C.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent dual-comb spectroscopy at high signal-to-noise ratio,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 043817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takada, H.

Thomas, B. k.

Thorpe, M. J.

Torizuka, K.

D. Yoshitomi, X. Zhou, Y. Kobayashi, H. Takada, and K. Torizuka, “Long-term stable passive synchronization of 50 μJ femtosecond Yb-doped fiber chirped-pulse amplifier with a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Express 18, 26027–26036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhou, D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Generation of 28-fs pulses from a mode-locked ytterbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 16, 7055–7059 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Quraishi, S. A. Diddams, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Injenction-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers,” CLEO 2007CTuJ4, (2007).

D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, T. Onuma, H. Yokoi, T. Sekiguchi, and S. Nakamura, “Ultralow-jitter passive timing stabilization of a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser by injection of an optical pulse train,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3243–3245 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Passive synchronization between femtosecond Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S171–S176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, and K. Torizuka, “Passive timing synchronization of femtosecond Er-fiber lasers and precise frequency comb control,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006) (2006).

Trumm, S.

Udem, T.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. L. Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405, L16–L20 (2010)
[CrossRef]

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walbaum, T.

T. Walbaum, M. Löser, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, “Mechanisms in passive synchronization of erbium fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 743–750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Walker, D. R.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, S.

Wei, Z.

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Passive synchronization between femtosecond Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S171–S176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wilken, T.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. L. Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405, L16–L20 (2010)
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, J.

Yokoi, H.

Yoshitomi, D.

Yost, D. C.

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, and J. Ye, “Efficient output coupling of intracavity high-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1099–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2, 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Passive synchronization between femtosecond Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S171–S176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Walbaum, M. Löser, P. Gross, and C. Fallnich, “Mechanisms in passive synchronization of erbium fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 102, 743–750 (2011).
[CrossRef]

CLEO 2007 (1)

Q. Quraishi, S. A. Diddams, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, “Injenction-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers,” CLEO 2007CTuJ4, (2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. L. Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405, L16–L20 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, I. Hartl, D. C. Yost, M. J. Martin, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Optical frequency comb with submillihertz linewidth and more than 10W average power,” Nat. Photonics 2, 355–359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (9)

N. Kuse, Y. Nomura, A. Ozawa, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, S. Watanabe, and Y. Kobayashi, “Self-compensation of third-order dispersion for ultrashort pulse generation demonstrated in an Yb fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3868–3870 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, and A. J. Schmidt, “Mode locking with cross-phase and self-phase modulation,” Opt. Lett. 16, 502–504 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, T. Onuma, H. Yokoi, T. Sekiguchi, and S. Nakamura, “Ultralow-jitter passive timing stabilization of a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser by injection of an optical pulse train,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3243–3245 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rusu, R. Herda, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Passively synchronized erbium (1550-nm) and ytterbium (1040-nm) mode-locked fiber lasers sharing a cavity,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2246–2248 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, and J. Ye, “Efficient output coupling of intracavity high-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1099–1101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. J. Thorpe, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, “Phase-stabilized, 1.5W frequency comb at 2.8–4.8 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1330–1332 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Betz, F. Sortier, S. Trumm, A. Laubereau, and A. Leitenstorfer, “All-optical phase locking of two femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers: a passive coupling mechanism beyond the slowly varying amplitude approximation,” Opt. Lett. 29, 629–631 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3015–3017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Nugent-Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, “Impact of dispersion on amplitude and frequency noise in a Yb-fiber laser comb,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1578–1580 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent dual-comb spectroscopy at high signal-to-noise ratio,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 043817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Sakakibara, H. Kataura, and K. Torizuka, “Passive timing synchronization of femtosecond Er-fiber lasers and precise frequency comb control,” in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006) (2006).

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, Mill Valley, CA, 1986).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of experimental setup. WDM, wavelength division multiplexing mixer; SMF, single mode fiber; YDF, ytterbium-doped fiber; PBS, polarized beam splitter; HWP, half wave plate; QWP, quarter wave plate; PD, photo diode; PZT, piezoelectric transducer. Master and slave lasers are indicated by the dotted blue square and dotted red square, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Top) Pulse train of master and slave lasers on analog oscilloscope which was triggered by the master traces. Top left shows the case when repetition frequency doesn’t synchronize, and once slave pulses synchronize with master pulses, slave pulse trace is fixed to the master trace as top right. (Bottom) RF spectra of the output of slave laser. δ corresponds to the difference of offset frequencies between master and slave pulses

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) RF spectra of interference between master and slave pulses while changing the cavity length of the slave laser. (b) Optical spectra of interference between master and slave pulses while changing the cavity length of the slave laser. (c) RF spectrum at dotted green line in (a). (d) Optical spectrum at dotted green line in (b). (e) RF spectrum at dotted white line in (a). (f) Optical spectrum at dotted white line in (b). ’A’ is area where δ shifts linearly, and ’B’ is area where both repetition and offset frequency synchronize.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The schematic of Yb-doped fiber frequency comb system. (b) One-octave spectrum obtained after PCF. (c) Offset frequency detected by f–2f interferometer.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The schematic of comb transfer experiment. Combs of master laser are stabilized. Repetition frequnecy of slave pulses synchronizes passively that of master pulses, and offset frequency of slave pulses synchronizes actively that of master pulses.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) RF spectrum of stabilized offset frequency of master pulses. (b) RF spectra of stabilized δ. (c) Time variation of repetition frequency of master pulses. (d) Time variation of repetition frequency of slave pulses. (e) Time variation of offset frequency of master pulses. (f) Time variation of δ.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f rep = v g L ,
f rep * = v g * L + Δ L ,
v g * = v g + dv g d f Δ f ,
f 0 = f c f rep ( L v g L v p ) ,
f 0 * = ( f c + Δ f ) f rep * ( L + Δ L v g * L + Δ L v p * ) ,
1 v p * = 1 v p d v p d f v p 2 Δ f ,
δ = f c f rep v p Δ L + f rep ( 1 v g 1 v p ) v g d v g d f Δ L + f c f rep d v g d f v p 2 v g d v g d f Δ L .
δ = f c f rep v p Δ L ( 1 + f 0 2 π f c 2 f rep v p v g 1 ϕ 2 + v g v p d v g d f d v g d f ) .
Δ = ( 1 R ) f rep I 1 I ,

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