Abstract

We have measured the electroluminescence and photoluminescence of (9,7)-semiconducting carbon nanotube devices and demonstrate that the electroluminescence wavelength is determined by the nanotube’s chiral index (n,m). The devices were fabricated on Si3N4-membranes by dielectrophoretic assembly of tubes from monochiral dispersion. Electrically driven (9,7)-devices exhibit a single Lorentzian-shaped emission peak at 825 nm in the visible part of the spectrum. The emission could be assigned to the excitonic E22 interband-transition by comparison of the electroluminescence spectra with corresponding photoluminescence excitation maps. We show a linear dependence of the EL peak width on the electrical current, and provide evidence for the inertness of Si3N4 surfaces with respect to the nanotubes optical properties.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Mueller, M. Kinoshita, M. Steiner, V. Perebeinos, A. A. Bol, D. B. Farmer, and P. Avouris, “Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube p-n diode,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(1), 27–31 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

Y. Murakami and J. Kono, “Nonlinear photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes: exploring the upper density limit of one-dimensional excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(3), 037401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Stürzl, F. Hennrich, S. Lebedkin, and M. M. Kappes, “Near Monochiral Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Dispersions in Organic Solvents,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(33), 14628–14632 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Freitag, M. Steiner, A. Naumov, J. P. Small, A. A. Bol, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Carbon nanotube photo- and electroluminescence in longitudinal electric fields,” ACS Nano3(11), 3744–3748 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

J. Lefebvre, S. Maruyama, and P. Finnie, “Photoluminescence: Science and Applications,” Topics Appl. Physics111, 287–319 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Adam, C. M. Aguirre, L. Marty, B. C. St-Antoine, F. Meunier, P. Desjardins, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Electroluminescence from single-wall carbon nanotube network transistors,” Nano Lett.8(8), 2351–2355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Vijayaraghavan, S. Blatt, C. Marquardt, S. Dehm, R. Wahi, F. Hennrich, and R. Krupke, “Imaging Electronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes by Voltage-Contrast Scanning Electron Microscopy,” Nano Research1(4), 321–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

O. Kiowski, S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, S. Malik, H. Rösner, K. Arnold, C. Sürgers, and M. M. Kappes, “Photoluminescence microscopy of carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapor deposition: Influence of external dielectric screening on optical transition energies,” Phys. Rev. B75(7), 075421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

L. Marty, E. Adam, L. Albert, R. Doyon, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Exciton formation and annihilation during 1D impact excitation of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(13), 136803 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

F. Wang, G. Dukovic, L. E. Brus, and T. F. Heinz, “The optical resonances in carbon nanotubes arise from excitons,” Science308(5723), 838–841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Qiu, M. Freitag, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity spectra of single-carbon nanotubes: implications on the nature of their excited States,” Nano Lett.5(4), 749–752 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, V. Perebeinos, M. Freitag, J. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Bright infrared emission from electrically induced excitons in carbon nanotubes,” Science310(5751), 1171–1174 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

M. Freitag, J. Chen, J. Tersoff, J. C. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Mobile ambipolar domain in carbon-nanotube infrared emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 076803 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, P. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, “Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET,” Science300(5620), 783–786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, Y. Martin, J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity of Single Carbon Nanotubes,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1067–1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Bachilo, M. S. Strano, C. Kittrell, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, and R. B. Weisman, “Structure-assigned optical spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science298(5602), 2361–2366 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

T. Ando, “Excitons in carbon nanotubes,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.66(4), 1066–1073 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adam, E.

E. Adam, C. M. Aguirre, L. Marty, B. C. St-Antoine, F. Meunier, P. Desjardins, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Electroluminescence from single-wall carbon nanotube network transistors,” Nano Lett.8(8), 2351–2355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Marty, E. Adam, L. Albert, R. Doyon, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Exciton formation and annihilation during 1D impact excitation of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(13), 136803 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aguirre, C. M.

E. Adam, C. M. Aguirre, L. Marty, B. C. St-Antoine, F. Meunier, P. Desjardins, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Electroluminescence from single-wall carbon nanotube network transistors,” Nano Lett.8(8), 2351–2355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ajayan, P. M.

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Albert, L.

L. Marty, E. Adam, L. Albert, R. Doyon, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Exciton formation and annihilation during 1D impact excitation of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(13), 136803 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ando, T.

T. Ando, “Excitons in carbon nanotubes,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.66(4), 1066–1073 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, K.

O. Kiowski, S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, S. Malik, H. Rösner, K. Arnold, C. Sürgers, and M. M. Kappes, “Photoluminescence microscopy of carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapor deposition: Influence of external dielectric screening on optical transition energies,” Phys. Rev. B75(7), 075421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Avouris, P.

T. Mueller, M. Kinoshita, M. Steiner, V. Perebeinos, A. A. Bol, D. B. Farmer, and P. Avouris, “Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube p-n diode,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(1), 27–31 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, M. Steiner, A. Naumov, J. P. Small, A. A. Bol, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Carbon nanotube photo- and electroluminescence in longitudinal electric fields,” ACS Nano3(11), 3744–3748 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Qiu, M. Freitag, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity spectra of single-carbon nanotubes: implications on the nature of their excited States,” Nano Lett.5(4), 749–752 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, V. Perebeinos, M. Freitag, J. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Bright infrared emission from electrically induced excitons in carbon nanotubes,” Science310(5751), 1171–1174 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, J. Chen, J. Tersoff, J. C. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Mobile ambipolar domain in carbon-nanotube infrared emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 076803 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, Y. Martin, J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity of Single Carbon Nanotubes,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1067–1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, P. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, “Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET,” Science300(5620), 783–786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bachilo, S. M.

S. M. Bachilo, M. S. Strano, C. Kittrell, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, and R. B. Weisman, “Structure-assigned optical spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science298(5602), 2361–2366 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blatt, S.

A. Vijayaraghavan, S. Blatt, C. Marquardt, S. Dehm, R. Wahi, F. Hennrich, and R. Krupke, “Imaging Electronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes by Voltage-Contrast Scanning Electron Microscopy,” Nano Research1(4), 321–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bohnen, K.-P.

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bol, A. A.

T. Mueller, M. Kinoshita, M. Steiner, V. Perebeinos, A. A. Bol, D. B. Farmer, and P. Avouris, “Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube p-n diode,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(1), 27–31 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, M. Steiner, A. Naumov, J. P. Small, A. A. Bol, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Carbon nanotube photo- and electroluminescence in longitudinal electric fields,” ACS Nano3(11), 3744–3748 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonaccorso, F.

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boul, P. J.

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brus, L. E.

F. Wang, G. Dukovic, L. E. Brus, and T. F. Heinz, “The optical resonances in carbon nanotubes arise from excitons,” Science308(5723), 838–841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, V. Perebeinos, M. Freitag, J. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Bright infrared emission from electrically induced excitons in carbon nanotubes,” Science310(5751), 1171–1174 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, J. Chen, J. Tersoff, J. C. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Mobile ambipolar domain in carbon-nanotube infrared emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 076803 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dehm, S.

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vijayaraghavan, S. Blatt, C. Marquardt, S. Dehm, R. Wahi, F. Hennrich, and R. Krupke, “Imaging Electronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes by Voltage-Contrast Scanning Electron Microscopy,” Nano Research1(4), 321–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Desjardins, P.

E. Adam, C. M. Aguirre, L. Marty, B. C. St-Antoine, F. Meunier, P. Desjardins, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Electroluminescence from single-wall carbon nanotube network transistors,” Nano Lett.8(8), 2351–2355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ding, L.

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doyon, R.

L. Marty, E. Adam, L. Albert, R. Doyon, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Exciton formation and annihilation during 1D impact excitation of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(13), 136803 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dukovic, G.

F. Wang, G. Dukovic, L. E. Brus, and T. F. Heinz, “The optical resonances in carbon nanotubes arise from excitons,” Science308(5723), 838–841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Engel, M.

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Essig, S.

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farmer, D. B.

T. Mueller, M. Kinoshita, M. Steiner, V. Perebeinos, A. A. Bol, D. B. Farmer, and P. Avouris, “Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube p-n diode,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(1), 27–31 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrari, A. C.

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Finnie, P.

J. Lefebvre, S. Maruyama, and P. Finnie, “Photoluminescence: Science and Applications,” Topics Appl. Physics111, 287–319 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, M.

M. Freitag, M. Steiner, A. Naumov, J. P. Small, A. A. Bol, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Carbon nanotube photo- and electroluminescence in longitudinal electric fields,” ACS Nano3(11), 3744–3748 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Qiu, M. Freitag, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity spectra of single-carbon nanotubes: implications on the nature of their excited States,” Nano Lett.5(4), 749–752 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, V. Perebeinos, M. Freitag, J. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Bright infrared emission from electrically induced excitons in carbon nanotubes,” Science310(5751), 1171–1174 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, J. Chen, J. Tersoff, J. C. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Mobile ambipolar domain in carbon-nanotube infrared emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 076803 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, Y. Martin, J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity of Single Carbon Nanotubes,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1067–1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Q.

J. Chen, V. Perebeinos, M. Freitag, J. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Bright infrared emission from electrically induced excitons in carbon nanotubes,” Science310(5751), 1171–1174 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, J. Chen, J. Tersoff, J. C. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Mobile ambipolar domain in carbon-nanotube infrared emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 076803 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ganzhorn, M.

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, M.

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Green, A. A.

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haroz, E. H.

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hauge, R. H.

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Bachilo, M. S. Strano, C. Kittrell, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, and R. B. Weisman, “Structure-assigned optical spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science298(5602), 2361–2366 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinz, T. F.

F. Wang, G. Dukovic, L. E. Brus, and T. F. Heinz, “The optical resonances in carbon nanotubes arise from excitons,” Science308(5723), 838–841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinze, S.

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, P. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, “Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET,” Science300(5620), 783–786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hennrich, F.

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Stürzl, F. Hennrich, S. Lebedkin, and M. M. Kappes, “Near Monochiral Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Dispersions in Organic Solvents,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(33), 14628–14632 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Vijayaraghavan, S. Blatt, C. Marquardt, S. Dehm, R. Wahi, F. Hennrich, and R. Krupke, “Imaging Electronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes by Voltage-Contrast Scanning Electron Microscopy,” Nano Research1(4), 321–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Kiowski, S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, S. Malik, H. Rösner, K. Arnold, C. Sürgers, and M. M. Kappes, “Photoluminescence microscopy of carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapor deposition: Influence of external dielectric screening on optical transition energies,” Phys. Rev. B75(7), 075421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hersam, M. C.

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huffman, C. B.

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kappes, M. M.

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Stürzl, F. Hennrich, S. Lebedkin, and M. M. Kappes, “Near Monochiral Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Dispersions in Organic Solvents,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(33), 14628–14632 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Kiowski, S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, S. Malik, H. Rösner, K. Arnold, C. Sürgers, and M. M. Kappes, “Photoluminescence microscopy of carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapor deposition: Influence of external dielectric screening on optical transition energies,” Phys. Rev. B75(7), 075421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, M.

T. Mueller, M. Kinoshita, M. Steiner, V. Perebeinos, A. A. Bol, D. B. Farmer, and P. Avouris, “Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube p-n diode,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(1), 27–31 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiowski, O.

O. Kiowski, S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, S. Malik, H. Rösner, K. Arnold, C. Sürgers, and M. M. Kappes, “Photoluminescence microscopy of carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapor deposition: Influence of external dielectric screening on optical transition energies,” Phys. Rev. B75(7), 075421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kittrell, C.

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Bachilo, M. S. Strano, C. Kittrell, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, and R. B. Weisman, “Structure-assigned optical spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science298(5602), 2361–2366 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kono, J.

Y. Murakami and J. Kono, “Nonlinear photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes: exploring the upper density limit of one-dimensional excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(3), 037401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krupke, R.

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vijayaraghavan, S. Blatt, C. Marquardt, S. Dehm, R. Wahi, F. Hennrich, and R. Krupke, “Imaging Electronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes by Voltage-Contrast Scanning Electron Microscopy,” Nano Research1(4), 321–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lebedkin, S.

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Stürzl, F. Hennrich, S. Lebedkin, and M. M. Kappes, “Near Monochiral Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Dispersions in Organic Solvents,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(33), 14628–14632 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Kiowski, S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, S. Malik, H. Rösner, K. Arnold, C. Sürgers, and M. M. Kappes, “Photoluminescence microscopy of carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapor deposition: Influence of external dielectric screening on optical transition energies,” Phys. Rev. B75(7), 075421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lefebvre, J.

J. Lefebvre, S. Maruyama, and P. Finnie, “Photoluminescence: Science and Applications,” Topics Appl. Physics111, 287–319 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, X.

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

J. Chen, V. Perebeinos, M. Freitag, J. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Bright infrared emission from electrically induced excitons in carbon nanotubes,” Science310(5751), 1171–1174 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, J. Chen, J. Tersoff, J. C. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Mobile ambipolar domain in carbon-nanotube infrared emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 076803 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Löhneysen, H.

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, J.

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malik, S.

O. Kiowski, S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, S. Malik, H. Rösner, K. Arnold, C. Sürgers, and M. M. Kappes, “Photoluminescence microscopy of carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapor deposition: Influence of external dielectric screening on optical transition energies,” Phys. Rev. B75(7), 075421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marquardt, C.

A. Vijayaraghavan, S. Blatt, C. Marquardt, S. Dehm, R. Wahi, F. Hennrich, and R. Krupke, “Imaging Electronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes by Voltage-Contrast Scanning Electron Microscopy,” Nano Research1(4), 321–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marquardt, C. W.

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martel, R.

E. Adam, C. M. Aguirre, L. Marty, B. C. St-Antoine, F. Meunier, P. Desjardins, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Electroluminescence from single-wall carbon nanotube network transistors,” Nano Lett.8(8), 2351–2355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Marty, E. Adam, L. Albert, R. Doyon, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Exciton formation and annihilation during 1D impact excitation of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(13), 136803 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, P. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, “Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET,” Science300(5620), 783–786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, Y. Martin, J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity of Single Carbon Nanotubes,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1067–1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martin, Y.

M. Freitag, Y. Martin, J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity of Single Carbon Nanotubes,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1067–1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Marty, L.

E. Adam, C. M. Aguirre, L. Marty, B. C. St-Antoine, F. Meunier, P. Desjardins, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Electroluminescence from single-wall carbon nanotube network transistors,” Nano Lett.8(8), 2351–2355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Marty, E. Adam, L. Albert, R. Doyon, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Exciton formation and annihilation during 1D impact excitation of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(13), 136803 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maruyama, S.

J. Lefebvre, S. Maruyama, and P. Finnie, “Photoluminescence: Science and Applications,” Topics Appl. Physics111, 287–319 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ménard, D.

E. Adam, C. M. Aguirre, L. Marty, B. C. St-Antoine, F. Meunier, P. Desjardins, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Electroluminescence from single-wall carbon nanotube network transistors,” Nano Lett.8(8), 2351–2355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Marty, E. Adam, L. Albert, R. Doyon, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Exciton formation and annihilation during 1D impact excitation of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(13), 136803 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meunier, F.

E. Adam, C. M. Aguirre, L. Marty, B. C. St-Antoine, F. Meunier, P. Desjardins, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Electroluminescence from single-wall carbon nanotube network transistors,” Nano Lett.8(8), 2351–2355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Misewich, J. A.

M. Freitag, Y. Martin, J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity of Single Carbon Nanotubes,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1067–1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, P. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, “Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET,” Science300(5620), 783–786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moore, V. C.

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mueller, T.

T. Mueller, M. Kinoshita, M. Steiner, V. Perebeinos, A. A. Bol, D. B. Farmer, and P. Avouris, “Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube p-n diode,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(1), 27–31 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murakami, Y.

Y. Murakami and J. Kono, “Nonlinear photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes: exploring the upper density limit of one-dimensional excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(3), 037401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naumov, A.

M. Freitag, M. Steiner, A. Naumov, J. P. Small, A. A. Bol, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Carbon nanotube photo- and electroluminescence in longitudinal electric fields,” ACS Nano3(11), 3744–3748 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noon, W. H.

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Connell, M. J.

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oron-Carl, M.

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ou, F.

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pei, T.

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, L.-M.

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perebeinos, V.

T. Mueller, M. Kinoshita, M. Steiner, V. Perebeinos, A. A. Bol, D. B. Farmer, and P. Avouris, “Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube p-n diode,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(1), 27–31 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, M. Steiner, A. Naumov, J. P. Small, A. A. Bol, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Carbon nanotube photo- and electroluminescence in longitudinal electric fields,” ACS Nano3(11), 3744–3748 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Qiu, M. Freitag, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity spectra of single-carbon nanotubes: implications on the nature of their excited States,” Nano Lett.5(4), 749–752 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, V. Perebeinos, M. Freitag, J. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Bright infrared emission from electrically induced excitons in carbon nanotubes,” Science310(5751), 1171–1174 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, X.

X. Qiu, M. Freitag, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity spectra of single-carbon nanotubes: implications on the nature of their excited States,” Nano Lett.5(4), 749–752 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rialon, K. L.

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rösner, H.

O. Kiowski, S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, S. Malik, H. Rösner, K. Arnold, C. Sürgers, and M. M. Kappes, “Photoluminescence microscopy of carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapor deposition: Influence of external dielectric screening on optical transition energies,” Phys. Rev. B75(7), 075421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sciascia, C.

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Small, J. P.

M. Freitag, M. Steiner, A. Naumov, J. P. Small, A. A. Bol, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Carbon nanotube photo- and electroluminescence in longitudinal electric fields,” ACS Nano3(11), 3744–3748 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smalley, R. E.

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Bachilo, M. S. Strano, C. Kittrell, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, and R. B. Weisman, “Structure-assigned optical spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science298(5602), 2361–2366 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

St-Antoine, B. C.

E. Adam, C. M. Aguirre, L. Marty, B. C. St-Antoine, F. Meunier, P. Desjardins, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Electroluminescence from single-wall carbon nanotube network transistors,” Nano Lett.8(8), 2351–2355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steiner, M.

T. Mueller, M. Kinoshita, M. Steiner, V. Perebeinos, A. A. Bol, D. B. Farmer, and P. Avouris, “Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube p-n diode,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(1), 27–31 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, M. Steiner, A. Naumov, J. P. Small, A. A. Bol, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Carbon nanotube photo- and electroluminescence in longitudinal electric fields,” ACS Nano3(11), 3744–3748 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strano, M. S.

S. M. Bachilo, M. S. Strano, C. Kittrell, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, and R. B. Weisman, “Structure-assigned optical spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science298(5602), 2361–2366 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stürzl, N.

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Stürzl, F. Hennrich, S. Lebedkin, and M. M. Kappes, “Near Monochiral Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Dispersions in Organic Solvents,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(33), 14628–14632 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sürgers, C.

O. Kiowski, S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, S. Malik, H. Rösner, K. Arnold, C. Sürgers, and M. M. Kappes, “Photoluminescence microscopy of carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapor deposition: Influence of external dielectric screening on optical transition energies,” Phys. Rev. B75(7), 075421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tersoff, J.

M. Freitag, J. Chen, J. Tersoff, J. C. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Mobile ambipolar domain in carbon-nanotube infrared emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 076803 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, P. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, “Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET,” Science300(5620), 783–786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsang, J.

J. Chen, V. Perebeinos, M. Freitag, J. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Bright infrared emission from electrically induced excitons in carbon nanotubes,” Science310(5751), 1171–1174 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsang, J. C.

M. Freitag, J. Chen, J. Tersoff, J. C. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Mobile ambipolar domain in carbon-nanotube infrared emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 076803 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, P. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, “Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET,” Science300(5620), 783–786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vijayaraghavan, A.

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vijayaraghavan, S. Blatt, C. Marquardt, S. Dehm, R. Wahi, F. Hennrich, and R. Krupke, “Imaging Electronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes by Voltage-Contrast Scanning Electron Microscopy,” Nano Research1(4), 321–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wahi, R.

A. Vijayaraghavan, S. Blatt, C. Marquardt, S. Dehm, R. Wahi, F. Hennrich, and R. Krupke, “Imaging Electronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes by Voltage-Contrast Scanning Electron Microscopy,” Nano Research1(4), 321–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, G. Dukovic, L. E. Brus, and T. F. Heinz, “The optical resonances in carbon nanotubes arise from excitons,” Science308(5723), 838–841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weisman, R. B.

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Bachilo, M. S. Strano, C. Kittrell, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, and R. B. Weisman, “Structure-assigned optical spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science298(5602), 2361–2366 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, L.

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, Q.

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (2)

A. Vijayaraghavan, F. Hennrich, N. Stürzl, M. Engel, M. Ganzhorn, M. Oron-Carl, C. W. Marquardt, S. Dehm, S. Lebedkin, M. M. Kappes, and R. Krupke, “Toward single-chirality carbon nanotube device arrays,” ACS Nano4(5), 2748–2754 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, M. Steiner, A. Naumov, J. P. Small, A. A. Bol, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Carbon nanotube photo- and electroluminescence in longitudinal electric fields,” ACS Nano3(11), 3744–3748 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

N. Stürzl, F. Hennrich, S. Lebedkin, and M. M. Kappes, “Near Monochiral Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Dispersions in Organic Solvents,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(33), 14628–14632 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

T. Ando, “Excitons in carbon nanotubes,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.66(4), 1066–1073 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (5)

X. Qiu, M. Freitag, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity spectra of single-carbon nanotubes: implications on the nature of their excited States,” Nano Lett.5(4), 749–752 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Freitag, Y. Martin, J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, and P. Avouris, “Photoconductivity of Single Carbon Nanotubes,” Nano Lett.3(8), 1067–1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Essig, C. W. Marquardt, A. Vijayaraghavan, M. Ganzhorn, S. Dehm, F. Hennrich, F. Ou, A. A. Green, C. Sciascia, F. Bonaccorso, K.-P. Bohnen, H. Löhneysen, M. M. Kappes, P. M. Ajayan, M. C. Hersam, A. C. Ferrari, and R. Krupke, “Phonon-assisted electroluminescence from metallic carbon nanotubes and graphene,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1589–1594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Adam, C. M. Aguirre, L. Marty, B. C. St-Antoine, F. Meunier, P. Desjardins, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Electroluminescence from single-wall carbon nanotube network transistors,” Nano Lett.8(8), 2351–2355 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Wang, Q. Zeng, L. Yang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wang, T. Pei, L. Ding, X. Liang, M. Gao, Y. Li, and L.-M. Peng, “High-performance carbon nanotube light-emitting diodes with asymmetric contacts,” Nano Lett.11(1), 23–29 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nano Research (1)

A. Vijayaraghavan, S. Blatt, C. Marquardt, S. Dehm, R. Wahi, F. Hennrich, and R. Krupke, “Imaging Electronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes by Voltage-Contrast Scanning Electron Microscopy,” Nano Research1(4), 321–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

T. Mueller, M. Kinoshita, M. Steiner, V. Perebeinos, A. A. Bol, D. B. Farmer, and P. Avouris, “Efficient narrow-band light emission from a single carbon nanotube p-n diode,” Nat. Nanotechnol.5(1), 27–31 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, “Carbon-nanotube photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics2(6), 341–350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

O. Kiowski, S. Lebedkin, F. Hennrich, S. Malik, H. Rösner, K. Arnold, C. Sürgers, and M. M. Kappes, “Photoluminescence microscopy of carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapor deposition: Influence of external dielectric screening on optical transition energies,” Phys. Rev. B75(7), 075421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

M. Freitag, J. Chen, J. Tersoff, J. C. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Mobile ambipolar domain in carbon-nanotube infrared emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 076803 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Marty, E. Adam, L. Albert, R. Doyon, D. Ménard, and R. Martel, “Exciton formation and annihilation during 1D impact excitation of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96(13), 136803 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Murakami and J. Kono, “Nonlinear photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes: exploring the upper density limit of one-dimensional excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(3), 037401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (5)

J. Chen, V. Perebeinos, M. Freitag, J. Tsang, Q. Fu, J. Liu, and P. Avouris, “Bright infrared emission from electrically induced excitons in carbon nanotubes,” Science310(5751), 1171–1174 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Wang, G. Dukovic, L. E. Brus, and T. F. Heinz, “The optical resonances in carbon nanotubes arise from excitons,” Science308(5723), 838–841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. O’Connell, S. M. Bachilo, C. B. Huffman, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, E. H. Haroz, K. L. Rialon, P. J. Boul, W. H. Noon, C. Kittrell, J. Ma, R. H. Hauge, R. B. Weisman, and R. E. Smalley, “Band gap fluorescence from individual single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science297(5581), 593–596 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Misewich, R. Martel, P. Avouris, J. C. Tsang, S. Heinze, and J. Tersoff, “Electrically induced optical emission from a carbon nanotube FET,” Science300(5620), 783–786 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Bachilo, M. S. Strano, C. Kittrell, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, and R. B. Weisman, “Structure-assigned optical spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science298(5602), 2361–2366 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Topics Appl. Physics (1)

J. Lefebvre, S. Maruyama, and P. Finnie, “Photoluminescence: Science and Applications,” Topics Appl. Physics111, 287–319 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

W. C. Marquardt, “Elektrolumineszenz organischer Moleküle nach Kontaktierung mit Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhren”, Dissertation 2009, 25–36, http://digbib.ubka.uni-karlsruhe.de/volltexte/1000015948 .

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic cross section of the (9,7)-nanotube device. (b) Top view image of the light emission pattern. The bright emission spot origins from the biased device #2, the weaker spots are caused by scattering of the emitted light at neighboring structures. (c) Corresponding scanning electron micrograph of the device array. The biased device #2 is indicated by a large circle, the structures that cause the light scattering observed in (b) are indicated by small circles. (scale bar length = 10 µm)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

, Evolution of the electroluminescence spectra with driving power of (9,7)-CNT device #1 (a) and #2 (b). (c) Photoluminescence excitation map of a (9,7)-device on Si3N4. All spectra are fitted to a Lorentzian lineshape.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Electroluminescence peak width ΔE and peak intensity versus current for (9,7) CNT device #1 and #2. Marked in red is the width of the photoluminescence excitation profile of Fig. 2(c). (b) Current-voltage characteristic of a (9,7) device.

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