Abstract

We report diode-pumped Er3+:Y2O3 ceramic laser with ~14 W of true CW output at ~2.7 μm. This presents nearly ten-fold power increase with respect to previous best result with this laser material. We also believe this to be the highest power ever reported from Er3+-doped bulk crystalline laser operating in a ~3-μm wavelength range. Power-scaled performance of 974-nm pumped Er3+:Y2O3 laser was achieved with the slope efficiency of ~26%.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. J. S. Liu, J. J. Liu, and Y. Tang’, “Performance of a diode end-pumped Cr, Er: YSGG laser at 2.79um,” Laser Phys. 18(10), 1124–1127 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. H. Park, H. J. Kong, Y. S. Kim, and G. U. Kim, “2.70 µm emission Er:Cr:YSGG laser with LINbO3 Pockels cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 198–202 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. D. Jackson, M. Pollnau, and J. Li, “Diode pumped erbium cascade fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(4), 471–478 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. http://www.sheaumann.com/products-MIRW.html
  5. D. W. Chen, C. L. Fincher, T. S. Rose, F. L. Vernon, and R. A. Fields, “Diode-pumped 1-W continuous-wave Er:YAG 3-mum laser,” Opt. Lett. 24(6), 385–387 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, “Efficient resonantly pumped 2.8µm Er3+:GSGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 17(11), 816–818 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. B. J. Dinerman and P. F. Moulton, “3-µm cw laser operations in erbium-doped YSGG, GGG, and YAG,” Opt. Lett. 19(15), 1143–1145 (1994).
    [PubMed]
  8. D. Faucher, M. Bernier, G. Androz, N. Caron, and R. Vallée, “20 W passively cooled single-mode all-fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1104–1106 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Czochralski growth and laser parameters of RE3+-doped Y2O3 and Sc2O3,” Ceram. Int. 26(6), 589–592 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at ~2.7 µm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. Husson, C. Proust, P. Gillet, and J. P. Itie, “Phase Transitions in Yttrium Oxide at High Pressure Studied by Raman Spectroscopy,” Mater. Res. Bull. 34(12-13), 2085–2092 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, “Dramatically Improved Laser Characteristics of Diode-Pumped Yb-Doped Materials at Low Temperature,” Laser Phys. 15, 1306–1312 (2005).
  13. R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, (10), 103514 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-µm Er3+: Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Kanskar, H. An, J. Cai, C. Galstad, T. Klos, D. Olson, E. Stiers, Y. He, D. Zhou, and S. H. Macomber, “Spectrally Narrowed, Wavelength-stabilized, High-efficiency and High-brightness Diodes for Precision Pumping”, in: Technical Digest of the 21st Annual Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review, Albuquerque, NM, 2008, pp. 115–119.
  16. N. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. Fromzel, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Resonant in-band pumping of cryo-cooled Er3+:YAG laser at 1532, 1534 and 1546 nm: a comparative study,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(2), 223–233 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-µm Er3+: Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at ~2.7 µm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

Y. H. Park, H. J. Kong, Y. S. Kim, and G. U. Kim, “2.70 µm emission Er:Cr:YSGG laser with LINbO3 Pockels cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 198–202 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

J. S. Liu, J. J. Liu, and Y. Tang’, “Performance of a diode end-pumped Cr, Er: YSGG laser at 2.79um,” Laser Phys. 18(10), 1124–1127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, “Dramatically Improved Laser Characteristics of Diode-Pumped Yb-Doped Materials at Low Temperature,” Laser Phys. 15, 1306–1312 (2005).

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, (10), 103514 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Czochralski growth and laser parameters of RE3+-doped Y2O3 and Sc2O3,” Ceram. Int. 26(6), 589–592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

E. Husson, C. Proust, P. Gillet, and J. P. Itie, “Phase Transitions in Yttrium Oxide at High Pressure Studied by Raman Spectroscopy,” Mater. Res. Bull. 34(12-13), 2085–2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Chen, C. L. Fincher, T. S. Rose, F. L. Vernon, and R. A. Fields, “Diode-pumped 1-W continuous-wave Er:YAG 3-mum laser,” Opt. Lett. 24(6), 385–387 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

Aggarwal, R. L.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, (10), 103514 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Androz, G.

Bernier, M.

Caron, N.

Chen, D. W.

Dinerman, B. J.

Dubinskii, M.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. Fromzel, L. D. Merkle, and M. Dubinskii, “Resonant in-band pumping of cryo-cooled Er3+:YAG laser at 1532, 1534 and 1546 nm: a comparative study,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(2), 223–233 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-µm Er3+: Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at ~2.7 µm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Esterowitz, L.

Fan, T. Y.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, (10), 103514 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Faucher, D.

Fields, R. A.

Fincher, C. L.

Fornasiero, L.

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Czochralski growth and laser parameters of RE3+-doped Y2O3 and Sc2O3,” Ceram. Int. 26(6), 589–592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fromzel, V.

Fujita, M.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, “Dramatically Improved Laser Characteristics of Diode-Pumped Yb-Doped Materials at Low Temperature,” Laser Phys. 15, 1306–1312 (2005).

Gillet, P.

E. Husson, C. Proust, P. Gillet, and J. P. Itie, “Phase Transitions in Yttrium Oxide at High Pressure Studied by Raman Spectroscopy,” Mater. Res. Bull. 34(12-13), 2085–2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Czochralski growth and laser parameters of RE3+-doped Y2O3 and Sc2O3,” Ceram. Int. 26(6), 589–592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Husson, E.

E. Husson, C. Proust, P. Gillet, and J. P. Itie, “Phase Transitions in Yttrium Oxide at High Pressure Studied by Raman Spectroscopy,” Mater. Res. Bull. 34(12-13), 2085–2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Itie, J. P.

E. Husson, C. Proust, P. Gillet, and J. P. Itie, “Phase Transitions in Yttrium Oxide at High Pressure Studied by Raman Spectroscopy,” Mater. Res. Bull. 34(12-13), 2085–2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Izawa, Y.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, “Dramatically Improved Laser Characteristics of Diode-Pumped Yb-Doped Materials at Low Temperature,” Laser Phys. 15, 1306–1312 (2005).

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, M. Pollnau, and J. Li, “Diode pumped erbium cascade fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(4), 471–478 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawanaka, J.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, “Dramatically Improved Laser Characteristics of Diode-Pumped Yb-Doped Materials at Low Temperature,” Laser Phys. 15, 1306–1312 (2005).

Kim, G. U.

Y. H. Park, H. J. Kong, Y. S. Kim, and G. U. Kim, “2.70 µm emission Er:Cr:YSGG laser with LINbO3 Pockels cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 198–202 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. S.

Y. H. Park, H. J. Kong, Y. S. Kim, and G. U. Kim, “2.70 µm emission Er:Cr:YSGG laser with LINbO3 Pockels cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 198–202 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kong, H. J.

Y. H. Park, H. J. Kong, Y. S. Kim, and G. U. Kim, “2.70 µm emission Er:Cr:YSGG laser with LINbO3 Pockels cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 198–202 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

S. D. Jackson, M. Pollnau, and J. Li, “Diode pumped erbium cascade fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(4), 471–478 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. J.

J. S. Liu, J. J. Liu, and Y. Tang’, “Performance of a diode end-pumped Cr, Er: YSGG laser at 2.79um,” Laser Phys. 18(10), 1124–1127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. S.

J. S. Liu, J. J. Liu, and Y. Tang’, “Performance of a diode end-pumped Cr, Er: YSGG laser at 2.79um,” Laser Phys. 18(10), 1124–1127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Merkle, L. D.

Mix, E.

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Czochralski growth and laser parameters of RE3+-doped Y2O3 and Sc2O3,” Ceram. Int. 26(6), 589–592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

Nishioka, H.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, “Dramatically Improved Laser Characteristics of Diode-Pumped Yb-Doped Materials at Low Temperature,” Laser Phys. 15, 1306–1312 (2005).

Ochoa, J. R.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, (10), 103514 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. H.

Y. H. Park, H. J. Kong, Y. S. Kim, and G. U. Kim, “2.70 µm emission Er:Cr:YSGG laser with LINbO3 Pockels cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 198–202 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Czochralski growth and laser parameters of RE3+-doped Y2O3 and Sc2O3,” Ceram. Int. 26(6), 589–592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peters, V.

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Czochralski growth and laser parameters of RE3+-doped Y2O3 and Sc2O3,” Ceram. Int. 26(6), 589–592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

S. D. Jackson, M. Pollnau, and J. Li, “Diode pumped erbium cascade fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(4), 471–478 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proust, C.

E. Husson, C. Proust, P. Gillet, and J. P. Itie, “Phase Transitions in Yttrium Oxide at High Pressure Studied by Raman Spectroscopy,” Mater. Res. Bull. 34(12-13), 2085–2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D. J.

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, (10), 103514 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rose, T. S.

Sanamyan, T.

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-µm Er3+: Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at ~2.7 µm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, J.

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at ~2.7 µm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-µm Er3+: Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stoneman, R. C.

Tang’, Y.

J. S. Liu, J. J. Liu, and Y. Tang’, “Performance of a diode end-pumped Cr, Er: YSGG laser at 2.79um,” Laser Phys. 18(10), 1124–1127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ter-Gabrielyan, N.

Tokita, S.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, “Dramatically Improved Laser Characteristics of Diode-Pumped Yb-Doped Materials at Low Temperature,” Laser Phys. 15, 1306–1312 (2005).

Ueda, K.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, “Dramatically Improved Laser Characteristics of Diode-Pumped Yb-Doped Materials at Low Temperature,” Laser Phys. 15, 1306–1312 (2005).

Vallée, R.

Vernon, F. L.

Yamakawa, K.

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, “Dramatically Improved Laser Characteristics of Diode-Pumped Yb-Doped Materials at Low Temperature,” Laser Phys. 15, 1306–1312 (2005).

Ceram. Int. (1)

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Czochralski growth and laser parameters of RE3+-doped Y2O3 and Sc2O3,” Ceram. Int. 26(6), 589–592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. D. Jackson, M. Pollnau, and J. Li, “Diode pumped erbium cascade fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(4), 471–478 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. L. Aggarwal, D. J. Ripin, J. R. Ochoa, and T. Y. Fan, “Measurement of thermo-optic properties of Y3Al5O12, Lu3Al5O12, YAIO3, LiYF4, LiLuF4, BaY2F8, KGd(WO4)2, and KY(WO4)2 laser crystals in the 80–300 K temperature range,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, (10), 103514 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (2)

J. Kawanaka, S. Tokita, H. Nishioka, M. Fujita, K. Yamakawa, K. Ueda, and Y. Izawa, “Dramatically Improved Laser Characteristics of Diode-Pumped Yb-Doped Materials at Low Temperature,” Laser Phys. 15, 1306–1312 (2005).

J. S. Liu, J. J. Liu, and Y. Tang’, “Performance of a diode end-pumped Cr, Er: YSGG laser at 2.79um,” Laser Phys. 18(10), 1124–1127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. H. Park, H. J. Kong, Y. S. Kim, and G. U. Kim, “2.70 µm emission Er:Cr:YSGG laser with LINbO3 Pockels cell,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(3), 198–202 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Efficient cryo-cooled 2.7-µm Er3+: Y2O3 ceramic laser with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 569–572 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sanamyan, J. Simmons, and M. Dubinskii, “Er3+-doped Y2O3 ceramic laser at ~2.7 µm with direct diode pumping of the upper laser level,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(3), 206–209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

E. Husson, C. Proust, P. Gillet, and J. P. Itie, “Phase Transitions in Yttrium Oxide at High Pressure Studied by Raman Spectroscopy,” Mater. Res. Bull. 34(12-13), 2085–2092 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Other (2)

M. Kanskar, H. An, J. Cai, C. Galstad, T. Klos, D. Olson, E. Stiers, Y. He, D. Zhou, and S. H. Macomber, “Spectrally Narrowed, Wavelength-stabilized, High-efficiency and High-brightness Diodes for Precision Pumping”, in: Technical Digest of the 21st Annual Solid State and Diode Laser Technology Review, Albuquerque, NM, 2008, pp. 115–119.

http://www.sheaumann.com/products-MIRW.html

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

ZEMAX layout of two-dimensional array of SE-DFB lasers (a), cross-sectional view of collimated beams after the cylindrical lenses shown in (c) and a lateral cross-section of the optical layout (c).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral distribution of the 200-W output of a 2D SE-DFB laser array (20 single emitters). Measured spectral width is ~1 nm FWHM centered at 974 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental laser setup of cryogenically cooled Er3+(2%):Y2O3 laser pumped by a fiber-coupled 2D array of SE-DFB emitters at 974 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

True CW output versus absorbed pump power dependence obtained for the cryogenically-cooled Er3+(2%):Y2O3 ceramic laser at 2.7 μm, diode pumped at 0.974 μm.

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