Abstract

Growth of laser damage on SiO2 optical components used in high power lasers can be reduced or eliminated by pre-exposure to pulses of a few hundred ps in duration. Such pre-exposure would cause weak locations on the optics surface to self-identify by initiating very small damage sites. The sites which initiate will be only a few microns in diameter and will have a very low probability of growing even without any further treatment. Repairing damage sites when small is important because both laser mitigation and acid etching are very successful in preventing such small sites from growing.

© 2011 OSA

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2011 (1)

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Growth behavior of laser-induced damage on fused silica optics under UV, ns laser irradiation,” Opt. Express 18(19), 19966–19976 (2010).
[PubMed]

P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, T. I. Suratwala, N. Shen, T. A. Laurence, W. A. Steele, J. Menapace, M. D. Feit, and L. L. Wong, “Fracture-induced subbandgap absorption as a precursor to optical damage on fused silica surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2702–2704 (2010).
[PubMed]

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Lamaignère, M. Balas, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, J. C. Poncetta, S. Reyne, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of laser-induced surface damage density measurements: toward reproducibility,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(2), 023105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2007 (3)

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. G. Demos, “High-resolution 3D imaging of surface damage sites in fused silica with optical coherence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67201F, 67201F-10 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J.-P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003, 672003-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

B. Bertussi, H. Piombini, D. Damiani, M. Pommies, X. Le Borgne, and D. Plessis, “SOCRATE: an optical bench dedicated to the understanding and improvement of a laser conditioning process,” Appl. Opt. 45(33), 8506–8516 (2006).
[PubMed]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K, 64030K-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr and J. M. Auerbach, “Effect of multiple wavelengths on laser-induced damage in KH(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31(5), 595–597 (2006).
[PubMed]

2005 (4)

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, “Investigation of laser annealing parameters for optimal laser-damage performance in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Opt. Lett. 30(20), 2766–2768 (2005).
[PubMed]

C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, K. I. Schaffers, C. Bibeau, M. D. Thomas, and A. J. Griffin, “Laser damage initiation and growth of antireflection coated S-FAP crystal surfaces prepared by pitch lap and magnetorheological finishing,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911I, 59911I-7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X, 59910X-12 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

J. D. Lindl, P. Amendt, R. L. Berger, S. G. Glendinning, S. H. Glenzer, S. W. Haan, R. L. Kauffman, O. L. Landen, and L. J. Suter, “The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the national ignition facility,” Phys. Plasmas 11(2), 339–491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, “A large-aperture high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[PubMed]

2001 (1)

J.-Y. Natoli, L. Gallais, H. Akhouayri, and C. Amra, “Quantitative study of laser damage probabilities in silica and calibrated liquids: comparison with theoretical prediction,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 295–307 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[PubMed]

1993 (1)

1988 (1)

R. C. Estler and N. S. Nogar, “Chemical precursor to optical-damage detected by laser ionization mass-spectrometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(26), 2205–2207 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Adams, J. J.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Akhouayri, H.

J.-Y. Natoli, L. Gallais, H. Akhouayri, and C. Amra, “Quantitative study of laser damage probabilities in silica and calibrated liquids: comparison with theoretical prediction,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 295–307 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Amendt, P.

J. D. Lindl, P. Amendt, R. L. Berger, S. G. Glendinning, S. H. Glenzer, S. W. Haan, R. L. Kauffman, O. L. Landen, and L. J. Suter, “The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the national ignition facility,” Phys. Plasmas 11(2), 339–491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Amra, C.

J.-Y. Natoli, L. Gallais, H. Akhouayri, and C. Amra, “Quantitative study of laser damage probabilities in silica and calibrated liquids: comparison with theoretical prediction,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 295–307 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, “A large-aperture high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, J. M.

Balas, M.

L. Lamaignère, M. Balas, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, J. C. Poncetta, S. Reyne, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of laser-induced surface damage density measurements: toward reproducibility,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(2), 023105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bass, I.

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. G. Demos, “High-resolution 3D imaging of surface damage sites in fused silica with optical coherence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67201F, 67201F-10 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bercegol, H.

L. Lamaignère, M. Balas, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, J. C. Poncetta, S. Reyne, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of laser-induced surface damage density measurements: toward reproducibility,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(2), 023105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J.-P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003, 672003-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Berger, R. L.

J. D. Lindl, P. Amendt, R. L. Berger, S. G. Glendinning, S. H. Glenzer, S. W. Haan, R. L. Kauffman, O. L. Landen, and L. J. Suter, “The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the national ignition facility,” Phys. Plasmas 11(2), 339–491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bernacil, M.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bertussi, B.

Bibeau, C.

C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, K. I. Schaffers, C. Bibeau, M. D. Thomas, and A. J. Griffin, “Laser damage initiation and growth of antireflection coated S-FAP crystal surfaces prepared by pitch lap and magnetorheological finishing,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911I, 59911I-7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Borden, M.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bruere, J. R.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bude, J. D.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, T. I. Suratwala, N. Shen, T. A. Laurence, W. A. Steele, J. Menapace, M. D. Feit, and L. L. Wong, “Fracture-induced subbandgap absorption as a precursor to optical damage on fused silica surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2702–2704 (2010).
[PubMed]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K, 64030K-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carr, C. W.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, J. D. Bude, and P. DeMange, “Laser-supported solid-state absorption fronts in silica,” Phys. Rev. B 82(18), 184304 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Growth behavior of laser-induced damage on fused silica optics under UV, ns laser irradiation,” Opt. Express 18(19), 19966–19976 (2010).
[PubMed]

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K, 64030K-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr and J. M. Auerbach, “Effect of multiple wavelengths on laser-induced damage in KH(2-x)DxPO4 crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31(5), 595–597 (2006).
[PubMed]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[PubMed]

D. A. Cross and C. W. Carr, “Analysis of 1ω bulk laser damage in KDP,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).
[PubMed]

Cormont, P.

Courchinoux, R.

L. Lamaignère, M. Balas, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, J. C. Poncetta, S. Reyne, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of laser-induced surface damage density measurements: toward reproducibility,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(2), 023105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cowell, R. L. J.

Cross, D. A.

Damiani, D.

DeMange, P.

Demos, S. G.

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. G. Demos, “High-resolution 3D imaging of surface damage sites in fused silica with optical coherence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67201F, 67201F-10 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, “Investigation of laser annealing parameters for optimal laser-damage performance in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Opt. Lett. 30(20), 2766–2768 (2005).
[PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[PubMed]

Donval, T.

L. Lamaignère, M. Balas, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, J. C. Poncetta, S. Reyne, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of laser-induced surface damage density measurements: toward reproducibility,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(2), 023105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Emmony, D. C.

Estler, R. C.

R. C. Estler and N. S. Nogar, “Chemical precursor to optical-damage detected by laser ionization mass-spectrometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(26), 2205–2207 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, T. I. Suratwala, N. Shen, T. A. Laurence, W. A. Steele, J. Menapace, M. D. Feit, and L. L. Wong, “Fracture-induced subbandgap absorption as a precursor to optical damage on fused silica surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2702–2704 (2010).
[PubMed]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X, 59910X-12 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[PubMed]

Gallais, L.

J.-Y. Natoli, L. Gallais, H. Akhouayri, and C. Amra, “Quantitative study of laser damage probabilities in silica and calibrated liquids: comparison with theoretical prediction,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 295–307 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Glendinning, S. G.

J. D. Lindl, P. Amendt, R. L. Berger, S. G. Glendinning, S. H. Glenzer, S. W. Haan, R. L. Kauffman, O. L. Landen, and L. J. Suter, “The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the national ignition facility,” Phys. Plasmas 11(2), 339–491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Glenzer, S. H.

J. D. Lindl, P. Amendt, R. L. Berger, S. G. Glendinning, S. H. Glenzer, S. W. Haan, R. L. Kauffman, O. L. Landen, and L. J. Suter, “The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the national ignition facility,” Phys. Plasmas 11(2), 339–491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Griffin, A. J.

C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, K. I. Schaffers, C. Bibeau, M. D. Thomas, and A. J. Griffin, “Laser damage initiation and growth of antireflection coated S-FAP crystal surfaces prepared by pitch lap and magnetorheological finishing,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911I, 59911I-7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grua, P.

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J.-P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003, 672003-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guss, G.

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. G. Demos, “High-resolution 3D imaging of surface damage sites in fused silica with optical coherence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67201F, 67201F-10 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Haan, S. W.

J. D. Lindl, P. Amendt, R. L. Berger, S. G. Glendinning, S. H. Glenzer, S. W. Haan, R. L. Kauffman, O. L. Landen, and L. J. Suter, “The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the national ignition facility,” Phys. Plasmas 11(2), 339–491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, R.

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. G. Demos, “High-resolution 3D imaging of surface damage sites in fused silica with optical coherence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67201F, 67201F-10 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, R. P.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, “A large-aperture high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Halpin, J. M.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hebert, D.

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J.-P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003, 672003-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Herman, S.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[PubMed]

Honig, J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, “A large-aperture high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, C. J.

Kauffman, R. L.

J. D. Lindl, P. Amendt, R. L. Berger, S. G. Glendinning, S. H. Glenzer, S. W. Haan, R. L. Kauffman, O. L. Landen, and L. J. Suter, “The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the national ignition facility,” Phys. Plasmas 11(2), 339–491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lamaignère, L.

L. Lamaignère, M. Balas, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, J. C. Poncetta, S. Reyne, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of laser-induced surface damage density measurements: toward reproducibility,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(2), 023105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Landen, O. L.

J. D. Lindl, P. Amendt, R. L. Berger, S. G. Glendinning, S. H. Glenzer, S. W. Haan, R. L. Kauffman, O. L. Landen, and L. J. Suter, “The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the national ignition facility,” Phys. Plasmas 11(2), 339–491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laurence, T. A.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, T. I. Suratwala, N. Shen, T. A. Laurence, W. A. Steele, J. Menapace, M. D. Feit, and L. L. Wong, “Fracture-induced subbandgap absorption as a precursor to optical damage on fused silica surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2702–2704 (2010).
[PubMed]

Le Borgne, X.

Legros, P.

Lindl, J. D.

J. D. Lindl, P. Amendt, R. L. Berger, S. G. Glendinning, S. H. Glenzer, S. W. Haan, R. L. Kauffman, O. L. Landen, and L. J. Suter, “The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the national ignition facility,” Phys. Plasmas 11(2), 339–491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lister, J. M. D.

Lucero, P.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luthi, R. L.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, “A large-aperture high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mailhiot, C.

G. Guss, I. Bass, R. Hackel, C. Mailhiot, and S. G. Demos, “High-resolution 3D imaging of surface damage sites in fused silica with optical coherence tomography,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 67201F, 67201F-10 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, M. J.

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K, 64030K-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Menapace, J.

Menapace, J. A.

C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, K. I. Schaffers, C. Bibeau, M. D. Thomas, and A. J. Griffin, “Laser damage initiation and growth of antireflection coated S-FAP crystal surfaces prepared by pitch lap and magnetorheological finishing,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911I, 59911I-7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miller, P. E.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, T. I. Suratwala, N. Shen, T. A. Laurence, W. A. Steele, J. Menapace, M. D. Feit, and L. L. Wong, “Fracture-induced subbandgap absorption as a precursor to optical damage on fused silica surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2702–2704 (2010).
[PubMed]

Mills, S.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Monticelli, M. V.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morreeuw, J.-P.

H. Bercegol, P. Grua, D. Hebert, and J.-P. Morreeuw, “Progress in the understanding of fracture related laser damage of fused silica,” Proc. SPIE 6720, 672003, 672003-12 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Natoli, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Natoli, L. Gallais, H. Akhouayri, and C. Amra, “Quantitative study of laser damage probabilities in silica and calibrated liquids: comparison with theoretical prediction,” Proc. SPIE 4347, 295–307 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Negres, R. A.

Nogar, N. S.

R. C. Estler and N. S. Nogar, “Chemical precursor to optical-damage detected by laser ionization mass-spectrometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(26), 2205–2207 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Norton, M. A.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, M. A. Norton, D. A. Cross, and C. W. Carr, “Growth behavior of laser-induced damage on fused silica optics under UV, ns laser irradiation,” Opt. Express 18(19), 19966–19976 (2010).
[PubMed]

Nostrand, M. C.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, M. C. Nostrand, and J. J. Adams, “Techniques for qualitative and quantitative measurement of aspects of laser-induced damage important for laser beam propagation,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(7), 1958–1962 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, “A large-aperture high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

Palmier, S.

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[PubMed]

Peterson, J.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piombini, H.

Plessis, D.

Pommies, M.

Poncetta, J. C.

L. Lamaignère, M. Balas, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, J. C. Poncetta, S. Reyne, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of laser-induced surface damage density measurements: toward reproducibility,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(2), 023105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, R. R.

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, M. Borden, and R. P. Hackel, “Enhanced performance of large 3ω optics using UV and IR lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 288–295 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Prasad, J. R. Bruere, J. Peterson, J. M. Halpin, P. Lucero, S. Mills, M. Bernacil, and R. P. Hackel, “Design of a production process to enhance optical performance of 3ω optics,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 296–302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Radousky, H. B.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength dependence of laser-induced damage: determining the damage initiation mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[PubMed]

Reyne, S.

L. Lamaignère, M. Balas, R. Courchinoux, T. Donval, J. C. Poncetta, S. Reyne, B. Bertussi, and H. Bercegol, “Parametric study of laser-induced surface damage density measurements: toward reproducibility,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(2), 023105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X, 59910X-12 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[PubMed]

Rullier, J.-L.

Schaffers, K. I.

C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, K. I. Schaffers, C. Bibeau, M. D. Thomas, and A. J. Griffin, “Laser damage initiation and growth of antireflection coated S-FAP crystal surfaces prepared by pitch lap and magnetorheological finishing,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911I, 59911I-7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sell, W. D.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, “A large-aperture high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sheerin, D. T.

Shen, N.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, T. I. Suratwala, N. Shen, T. A. Laurence, W. A. Steele, J. Menapace, M. D. Feit, and L. L. Wong, “Fracture-induced subbandgap absorption as a precursor to optical damage on fused silica surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2702–2704 (2010).
[PubMed]

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[PubMed]

Spaeth, M. L.

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K, 64030K-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stanley, J. A.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, “A large-aperture high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stanley, J. R.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steele, W. A.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, T. I. Suratwala, N. Shen, T. A. Laurence, W. A. Steele, J. Menapace, M. D. Feit, and L. L. Wong, “Fracture-induced subbandgap absorption as a precursor to optical damage on fused silica surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2702–2704 (2010).
[PubMed]

Stolz, C. J.

C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, K. I. Schaffers, C. Bibeau, M. D. Thomas, and A. J. Griffin, “Laser damage initiation and growth of antireflection coated S-FAP crystal surfaces prepared by pitch lap and magnetorheological finishing,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911I, 59911I-7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[PubMed]

Suratwala, T. I.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, T. I. Suratwala, N. Shen, T. A. Laurence, W. A. Steele, J. Menapace, M. D. Feit, and L. L. Wong, “Fracture-induced subbandgap absorption as a precursor to optical damage on fused silica surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2702–2704 (2010).
[PubMed]

Suter, L. J.

J. D. Lindl, P. Amendt, R. L. Berger, S. G. Glendinning, S. H. Glenzer, S. W. Haan, R. L. Kauffman, O. L. Landen, and L. J. Suter, “The physics basis for ignition using indirect-drive targets on the national ignition facility,” Phys. Plasmas 11(2), 339–491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, M. D.

C. J. Stolz, J. A. Menapace, K. I. Schaffers, C. Bibeau, M. D. Thomas, and A. J. Griffin, “Laser damage initiation and growth of antireflection coated S-FAP crystal surfaces prepared by pitch lap and magnetorheological finishing,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59911I, 59911I-7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Trenholme, J. B.

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Trenholme, M. D. Feit, and A. M. Rubenchik, “Size-selection initiation model extended to include shape and random factors,” Proc. SPIE 5991, 59910X, 59910X-12 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vickers, J. L.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, “A large-aperture high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wegner, P. J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, “A large-aperture high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weiland, T. L.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, “Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4,” Proc. SPIE 5647, 265–278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, “A large-aperture high energy laser system for optics and optical component testing,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 325–333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wong, L. L.

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, W. A. Steele, N. Shen, M. V. Monticelli, M. D. Feit, T. A. Laurence, M. A. Norton, C. W. Carr, and L. L. Wong, “HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94(2), 416–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, T. I. Suratwala, N. Shen, T. A. Laurence, W. A. Steele, J. Menapace, M. D. Feit, and L. L. Wong, “Fracture-induced subbandgap absorption as a precursor to optical damage on fused silica surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2702–2704 (2010).
[PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. W. Carr, J. B. Trenholme, and M. L. Spaeth, “Effect of temporal pulse shape on optical damage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Estler and N. S. Nogar, “Chemical precursor to optical-damage detected by laser ionization mass-spectrometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(26), 2205–2207 (1988).
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Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

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C. W. Carr, M. J. Matthews, J. D. Bude, and M. L. Spaeth, “The effect of laser pulse duration on laser-induced damage in KDP and SiO2,” Proc. SPIE 6403, 64030K, 64030K-9 (2006).
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Other (1)

R. A. Negres, Z. M. Liao, G. A. Abdulla, D. A. Cross, M. A. Norton, and C. W. Carr, “Exploration of the multi-parameter space of ns-laser damage growth in fused silica optics,” (submitted) Appl. Opt. (2011).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured damage density as a function of fluence from the XeF (solid squares) and ignition-like pulse shapes (solid circles), respectively. The inset shows XeF and Ignition-like temporal pulse shapes. The solid and dashed lines are included as guides to the eye for the XeF and Ignition-like data, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SEM images of damage sites produced on the exit surface of SiO2 optics using (a) Gaussian pulses of various durations and (b) XeF pulse as shown in the inset of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured probability of a damage site to grow with 3ω, 5 ns flat-in-time pulses with a fluence of 9 J/cm2 as a function of site size (black squares) and estimated (blue squares) for the 3.5 micron and 70 micron sites typical of initiation with 500 ps and XeF laser pulses, respectively. The red line is a logistic fit to the measured probability data. The black circles are the measured probability of growth for 12 J/cm2.

Equations (1)

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ρ 2 ( φ ; τ 2 ) = ρ 1 ( φ × ( τ 1 τ 2 ) γ ; τ 1 ) ,

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