Abstract

The feature of enhanced absorption in two-layered grating structures is theoretically investigated. The underlying structures make the most use of resonance mechanism to achieve a nearly perfect absorption in an intrinsically low-loss medium. For standalone gratings, the maximum absorption efficiency is shown to be 50%, which is attributed to the coupling of short range (bonding) or long range (antibonding) surface plasmons with cavity resonances. By attaching a dielectric slab on top or bottom to the metallic grating, the maximum absorption efficiency can be raised to nearly 100%. The presence of guided waves in the dielectric slab causes the strong concentration of fields and reinforces the absorption to its extreme value. The efficient absorption mechanism is illustrated with the pattern of resonance fields and the distribution of power loss density. A phenomenological theory is also used to characterize the absorption anomaly in terms of complex pole and zero.

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2011 (1)

2010 (3)

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Chern, Y. T. Chen, and H. Y. Lin, “Anomalous optical absorption in metallic gratings with subwavelength slits,” Opt. Express 18, 19510–19521 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (8)

J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, “How Holes Can Obscure the View: Suppressed Transmission through an Ultrathin Metal Film by a Subwavelength Hole Array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. S. Spevak, A. Y. Nikitin, E. V. Bezuglyi, A. Levchenko, and A. V. Kats, “Resonantly suppressed transmission and anomalously enhanced light absorption in periodically modulated ultrathin metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Lee, T. H. Park, P. Nordlander, and D. M. Mittleman, “Antibonding plasmon mode coupling of an individual hole in a thin metallic film,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 205417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 033101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Dai and C. Jiang, “Anomalous near-perfect extraordinary optical absorption on subwavelength thin metal film grating,” Opt. Express 17, 20502–20514 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, and C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17, 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. P. Sergeant, O. Pincon, M. Agrawal, and P. Peumans, “Design of wide-angle solar-selective absorbers using aperiodic metal-dielectric stacks,” Opt. Express 17, 22800–22812 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (6)

E. Popov, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, M. Nevière, M. Hutley, and G. H. Derrick, “Total absorption of unpolarized light by crossed gratings,” Opt. Express 16, 6146–6155 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Bonod and E. Popov, “Total light absorption in a wide range of incidence by nanostructured metals without plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2398–2400 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 205405 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, I. R. Hooper, and J. R. Sambles, “Strongly coupled surface plasmons on thin shallow metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 161405 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Design of midinfrared photodetectors enhanced by surface plasmons on grating structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Hibbins, W. A. Murray, J. Tyler, S. Wedge, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Resonant absorption of electromagnetic fields by surface plasmons buried in a multilayered plasmonic nanostructure,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 073408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Void plasmons and total absorption of light in nanoporous metallic films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 085408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Marquier, J. Greffet, S. Collin, F. Pardo, and J. Pelouard, “Resonant transmission through a metallic film due to coupled modes,” Opt. Express 13, 70–76 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

C. Genet, M. P. Van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra,” Opt. Commun. 225, 331–336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Sarrazin, J. P. Vigneron, and J. M. Vigoureux, “Role of Wood anomalies in optical properties of thin metallic films with a bidimensional array of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

F. J. García-Vidal and L. Martín-Moreno, “Transmission and focusing of light in one-dimensional periodically nanostructured metals,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 155412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, “Negative Role of Surface Plasmons in the Transmission of Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

S. Astilean, P. Lalanne, and M. Palamaru, “Light transmission through metallic channels much smaller than the wavelength,” Opt. Commun. 175, 265–273 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, “Transmission Resonances on Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

D. K. Gramotnev, “Anomalous absorption of TM electromagnetic waves by an ultrathin layer: optical analog of liquid friction,” Opt. Lett. 23, 91–93 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, and G. W. Bradberry, “Long-range surface modes supported by thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 5855–5872 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

D. Sarid, “Long-range surface-plasma waves on very thin metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927–1930 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

1976 (2)

D. Maystre and R. Petit, “Brewster incidence for metallic gratings,” Opt. Commun. 17, 196–200 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hutley and D. Maystre, “The total absorption of light by a diffraction grating,” Opt. Commun. 19, 431–436 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

E. N. Economou, “Surface Plasmons in Thin Films,” Phys. Rev. 182, 539–554 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

1961 (1)

U. Fano, “Effects of Configuration Interaction on Intensities and Phase Shifts,” Phys. Rev. 124, 1866–1878 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, M.

Astilean, S.

S. Astilean, P. Lalanne, and M. Palamaru, “Light transmission through metallic channels much smaller than the wavelength,” Opt. Commun. 175, 265–273 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Avitzour, Y.

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Barbara, A.

J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnard, E. S.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

A. P. Hibbins, W. A. Murray, J. Tyler, S. Wedge, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Resonant absorption of electromagnetic fields by surface plasmons buried in a multilayered plasmonic nanostructure,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 073408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bezuglyi, E. V.

I. S. Spevak, A. Y. Nikitin, E. V. Bezuglyi, A. Levchenko, and A. V. Kats, “Resonantly suppressed transmission and anomalously enhanced light absorption in periodically modulated ultrathin metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bonod, N.

Bradberry, G. W.

F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, and G. W. Bradberry, “Long-range surface modes supported by thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 5855–5872 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Braun, J.

J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, “How Holes Can Obscure the View: Suppressed Transmission through an Ultrathin Metal Film by a Subwavelength Hole Array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Design of midinfrared photodetectors enhanced by surface plasmons on grating structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cai, W.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, Q.

Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, “Negative Role of Surface Plasmons in the Transmission of Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. T.

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, I. R. Hooper, and J. R. Sambles, “Strongly coupled surface plasmons on thin shallow metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 161405 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chern, R. L.

Collin, S.

Dai, L.

Derrick, G. H.

Diem, M.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 033101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dressel, M.

J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, “How Holes Can Obscure the View: Suppressed Transmission through an Ultrathin Metal Film by a Subwavelength Hole Array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Drouard, E.

Ebbesen, T. W.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Economou, E. N.

E. N. Economou, “Surface Plasmons in Thin Films,” Phys. Rev. 182, 539–554 (1969).
[CrossRef]

El Daif, O.

Fan, S.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Design of midinfrared photodetectors enhanced by surface plasmons on grating structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fano, U.

U. Fano, “Effects of Configuration Interaction on Intensities and Phase Shifts,” Phys. Rev. 124, 1866–1878 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Fave, A.

García de Abajo, F. J.

F. J. García de Abajo, “Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 1267–1290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Void plasmons and total absorption of light in nanoporous metallic films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 085408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. García-Vidal and L. Martín-Moreno, “Transmission and focusing of light in one-dimensional periodically nanostructured metals,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 155412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, “Transmission Resonances on Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

C. Genet, M. P. Van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra,” Opt. Commun. 225, 331–336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, G.

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Gompf, B.

J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, “How Holes Can Obscure the View: Suppressed Transmission through an Ultrathin Metal Film by a Subwavelength Hole Array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gramotnev, D. K.

Greffet, J.

Grigorenko, A. N.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 205405 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harrington, R. F.

R. F. Harrington, Time-Harmonic Electromagnetic Fields , 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2001).
[CrossRef]

Hessel, A.

Hibbins, A. P.

A. P. Hibbins, W. A. Murray, J. Tyler, S. Wedge, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Resonant absorption of electromagnetic fields by surface plasmons buried in a multilayered plasmonic nanostructure,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 073408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hooper, I. R.

Z. Chen, I. R. Hooper, and J. R. Sambles, “Strongly coupled surface plasmons on thin shallow metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 161405 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hutley, M.

Hutley, M. C.

M. C. Hutley and D. Maystre, “The total absorption of light by a diffraction grating,” Opt. Commun. 19, 431–436 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, J. D.

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics , 3rd ed. (Wiley, 1999).

Jiang, C.

Jun, Y. C.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaminski, A.

Kats, A. V.

I. S. Spevak, A. Y. Nikitin, E. V. Bezuglyi, A. Levchenko, and A. V. Kats, “Resonantly suppressed transmission and anomalously enhanced light absorption in periodically modulated ultrathin metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kobiela, G.

J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, “How Holes Can Obscure the View: Suppressed Transmission through an Ultrathin Metal Film by a Subwavelength Hole Array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koschny, T.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 033101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kravets, V. G.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 205405 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, P.

Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, “Negative Role of Surface Plasmons in the Transmission of Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Astilean, P. Lalanne, and M. Palamaru, “Light transmission through metallic channels much smaller than the wavelength,” Opt. Commun. 175, 265–273 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Landau, L. D.

L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, Quantum Mechanics: Non-Relativistic Theory (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1981).

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Perchec, J.

J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J. W.

J. W. Lee, T. H. Park, P. Nordlander, and D. M. Mittleman, “Antibonding plasmon mode coupling of an individual hole in a thin metallic film,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 205417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lemiti, M.

Letartre, X.

Levchenko, A.

I. S. Spevak, A. Y. Nikitin, E. V. Bezuglyi, A. Levchenko, and A. V. Kats, “Resonantly suppressed transmission and anomalously enhanced light absorption in periodically modulated ultrathin metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lifshitz, E. M.

L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, Quantum Mechanics: Non-Relativistic Theory (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1981).

Lin, C. H.

Lin, H. Y.

Loewen, E. G.

López-Ríos, T.

J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marquier, F.

Martin-Moreno, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Moreno, L.

F. J. García-Vidal and L. Martín-Moreno, “Transmission and focusing of light in one-dimensional periodically nanostructured metals,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 155412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maystre, D.

E. Popov, D. Maystre, R. C. McPhedran, M. Nevière, M. Hutley, and G. H. Derrick, “Total absorption of unpolarized light by crossed gratings,” Opt. Express 16, 6146–6155 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Hutley and D. Maystre, “The total absorption of light by a diffraction grating,” Opt. Commun. 19, 431–436 (1976).
[CrossRef]

D. Maystre and R. Petit, “Brewster incidence for metallic gratings,” Opt. Commun. 17, 196–200 (1976).
[CrossRef]

McPhedran, R. C.

Mittleman, D. M.

J. W. Lee, T. H. Park, P. Nordlander, and D. M. Mittleman, “Antibonding plasmon mode coupling of an individual hole in a thin metallic film,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 205417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Munk, B. A.

B. A. Munk, Frequency Selective Surfaces: Theory and Design (Wiley, 2000).
[CrossRef]

Murray, W. A.

A. P. Hibbins, W. A. Murray, J. Tyler, S. Wedge, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Resonant absorption of electromagnetic fields by surface plasmons buried in a multilayered plasmonic nanostructure,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 073408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nevière, M.

Nikitin, A. Y.

I. S. Spevak, A. Y. Nikitin, E. V. Bezuglyi, A. Levchenko, and A. V. Kats, “Resonantly suppressed transmission and anomalously enhanced light absorption in periodically modulated ultrathin metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nordlander, P.

J. W. Lee, T. H. Park, P. Nordlander, and D. M. Mittleman, “Antibonding plasmon mode coupling of an individual hole in a thin metallic film,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 205417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oliner, A. A.

Osgood, R. M.

Padilla, W. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Palamaru, M.

S. Astilean, P. Lalanne, and M. Palamaru, “Light transmission through metallic channels much smaller than the wavelength,” Opt. Commun. 175, 265–273 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Panoiu, N. C.

Pardo, F.

Park, T. H.

J. W. Lee, T. H. Park, P. Nordlander, and D. M. Mittleman, “Antibonding plasmon mode coupling of an individual hole in a thin metallic film,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 205417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

Pelouard, J.

Pendry, J. B.

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, “Transmission Resonances on Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Petit, R.

D. Maystre and R. Petit, “Brewster incidence for metallic gratings,” Opt. Commun. 17, 196–200 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Peumans, P.

Pincon, O.

Popov, E.

Popov, V. V.

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Void plasmons and total absorption of light in nanoporous metallic films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 085408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Porto, J. A.

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, “Transmission Resonances on Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Quémerais, P.

J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sambles, J. R.

Z. Chen, I. R. Hooper, and J. R. Sambles, “Strongly coupled surface plasmons on thin shallow metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 161405 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Hibbins, W. A. Murray, J. Tyler, S. Wedge, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Resonant absorption of electromagnetic fields by surface plasmons buried in a multilayered plasmonic nanostructure,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 073408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, and G. W. Bradberry, “Long-range surface modes supported by thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 5855–5872 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sarid, D.

D. Sarid, “Long-range surface-plasma waves on very thin metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927–1930 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sarrazin, M.

M. Sarrazin, J. P. Vigneron, and J. M. Vigoureux, “Role of Wood anomalies in optical properties of thin metallic films with a bidimensional array of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schedin, F.

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 205405 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schuller, J. A.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seassal, C.

Sergeant, N. P.

Shvets, G.

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 033101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Spevak, I. S.

I. S. Spevak, A. Y. Nikitin, E. V. Bezuglyi, A. Levchenko, and A. V. Kats, “Resonantly suppressed transmission and anomalously enhanced light absorption in periodically modulated ultrathin metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Teperik, T. V.

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Void plasmons and total absorption of light in nanoporous metallic films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 085408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tyler, J.

A. P. Hibbins, W. A. Murray, J. Tyler, S. Wedge, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Resonant absorption of electromagnetic fields by surface plasmons buried in a multilayered plasmonic nanostructure,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 073408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Urzhumov, Y. A.

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Van Exter, M. P.

C. Genet, M. P. Van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra,” Opt. Commun. 225, 331–336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Veronis, G.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Design of midinfrared photodetectors enhanced by surface plasmons on grating structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vigneron, J. P.

M. Sarrazin, J. P. Vigneron, and J. M. Vigoureux, “Role of Wood anomalies in optical properties of thin metallic films with a bidimensional array of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vigoureux, J. M.

M. Sarrazin, J. P. Vigneron, and J. M. Vigoureux, “Role of Wood anomalies in optical properties of thin metallic films with a bidimensional array of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Viktorovitch, P.

Wedge, S.

A. P. Hibbins, W. A. Murray, J. Tyler, S. Wedge, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Resonant absorption of electromagnetic fields by surface plasmons buried in a multilayered plasmonic nanostructure,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 073408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

White, J. S.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woerdman, J. P.

C. Genet, M. P. Van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra,” Opt. Commun. 225, 331–336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F.

F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, and G. W. Bradberry, “Long-range surface modes supported by thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 5855–5872 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Z.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Design of midinfrared photodetectors enhanced by surface plasmons on grating structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Design of midinfrared photodetectors enhanced by surface plasmons on grating structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (4)

C. Genet, M. P. Van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra,” Opt. Commun. 225, 331–336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Astilean, P. Lalanne, and M. Palamaru, “Light transmission through metallic channels much smaller than the wavelength,” Opt. Commun. 175, 265–273 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Maystre and R. Petit, “Brewster incidence for metallic gratings,” Opt. Commun. 17, 196–200 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hutley and D. Maystre, “The total absorption of light by a diffraction grating,” Opt. Commun. 19, 431–436 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. (2)

U. Fano, “Effects of Configuration Interaction on Intensities and Phase Shifts,” Phys. Rev. 124, 1866–1878 (1961).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Economou, “Surface Plasmons in Thin Films,” Phys. Rev. 182, 539–554 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (11)

Z. Chen, I. R. Hooper, and J. R. Sambles, “Strongly coupled surface plasmons on thin shallow metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 161405 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Lee, T. H. Park, P. Nordlander, and D. M. Mittleman, “Antibonding plasmon mode coupling of an individual hole in a thin metallic film,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 205417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. S. Spevak, A. Y. Nikitin, E. V. Bezuglyi, A. Levchenko, and A. V. Kats, “Resonantly suppressed transmission and anomalously enhanced light absorption in periodically modulated ultrathin metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 161406 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Yang, J. R. Sambles, and G. W. Bradberry, “Long-range surface modes supported by thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 5855–5872 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. J. García-Vidal and L. Martín-Moreno, “Transmission and focusing of light in one-dimensional periodically nanostructured metals,” Phys. Rev. B 66, 155412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Kravets, F. Schedin, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Plasmonic blackbody: Almost complete absorption of light in nanostructured metallic coatings,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 205405 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 033101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Wide-angle infrared absorber based on a negative-index plasmonic metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Void plasmons and total absorption of light in nanoporous metallic films,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 085408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Hibbins, W. A. Murray, J. Tyler, S. Wedge, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Resonant absorption of electromagnetic fields by surface plasmons buried in a multilayered plasmonic nanostructure,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 073408 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Sarrazin, J. P. Vigneron, and J. M. Vigoureux, “Role of Wood anomalies in optical properties of thin metallic films with a bidimensional array of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 085415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

J. Braun, B. Gompf, G. Kobiela, and M. Dressel, “How Holes Can Obscure the View: Suppressed Transmission through an Ultrathin Metal Film by a Subwavelength Hole Array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 203901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Le Perchec, P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, and T. López-Ríos, “Why metallic surfaces with grooves a few nanometers deep and wide may strongly absorb visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect Metamaterial Absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Porto, F. J. García-Vidal, and J. B. Pendry, “Transmission Resonances on Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q. Cao and P. Lalanne, “Negative Role of Surface Plasmons in the Transmission of Metallic Gratings with Very Narrow Slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 057403 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sarid, “Long-range surface-plasma waves on very thin metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927–1930 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

F. J. García de Abajo, “Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 1267–1290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

R. F. Harrington, Time-Harmonic Electromagnetic Fields , 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2001).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Munk, Frequency Selective Surfaces: Theory and Design (Wiley, 2000).
[CrossRef]

L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, Quantum Mechanics: Non-Relativistic Theory (Butterworth-Heinemann, 1981).

A. D. Boardman, ed., Electromagnetic Surface Modes (Wiley, 1982), Chap. 17, pp. 661–724.

COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a (2009).

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics , 3rd ed. (Wiley, 1999).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of the metallic grating with narrow slits (left), the grating structure with a dielectric slab attached to the top surface (middle), and the grating structure with a dielectric slab attached to the bottom surface (right). The shaded region in yellow color stands for the incident plane.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Absorbance, transmittance, and reflectance for the metallic (Ag) grating with narrow slits, where d = 600 nm, w = 30 nm, and h = 30 nm. (b) Contours of vertical electric field Ey (overlaid with electric field vectors) and time-averaged power loss density dP loss /dV [cf. Eq. (3)] for the absorption peak A ≈ 0.497 at λ ≈ 612 nm. A schematic profile of horizonal electric field Ex in the slit is plotted in the inset. The symbols “+” and “-” denote the signs of surface charges.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Absorbance, transmittance, and reflectance for the metallic (Ag) grating with narrow slits, where d = 600 nm, w = 30 nm, and h = 100 nm. (b) Contours of vertical electric field Ey (overlaid with electric field vectors) and time-averaged power loss density dP loss /dV for the absorption peak A ≈ 0.467 at λ ≈ 606 nm. (c) Same as (b) for the absorption peak A ≈ 0.496 at λ ≈ 640 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Absorbance, transmittance, and reflectance for the metallic (Ag) grating with narrow slits, where d = 600 nm, w = 30 nm, and h = 325 nm. (b) Contours of vertical electric field Ey (overlaid with electric field vectors) and time-averaged power loss density dP loss /dV for the absorption peak A ≈ 0.365 at λ ≈ 609 nm. (c) Same as (b) for the absorption peak A ≈ 0.498 at λ ≈ 665 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Absorbance, transmittance, and reflectance for the same grating structure as in Fig. 3, with a dielectric slab of thickness 70 nm and ε = 2 attached to the top. (b) Contours of vertical electric field Ey (overlaid with electric field vectors) and time-averaged power loss density dP loss /dV for the absorption peak A ≈ 0.997 at λ ≈ 623 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Absorbance, transmittance, and reflectance for the same grating structure as in Fig. 3, with a dielectric slab of thickness 70 nm and ε = 2 attached to the bottom. (b) Contours of vertical electric field Ey (overlaid with electric field vectors) and time-averaged power loss density dP loss /dV for the absorption peak A ≈ 0.992 at λ ≈ 707 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Effect of the angle of incidence θ on the absorbance for the grating structure with a dielectric slab attached to the top as in Fig. 5 and (b) attached to the bottom as in Fig. 6.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Reflection phase of the grating structure with a dielectric slab attached to the top as in Fig. 5 and to the bottom as in Fig. 6. (b) Locations of the poles and zeros in the complex plane of wavelength for different slit width w.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( 1 ε H z ) + k 0 2 H z = 0 ,
u t + S = J E ,
d P loss d V = 1 2 Re [ J E * ] = 1 2 ω ε | E | 2 ,
k sp = k 0 sin θ ± 2 n π a , n = 0 , 1 , 2
k sp = k 0 ε m ε d ε m + ε d ,
r = r 0 λ λ z λ λ p ,

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