Abstract

We have theoretically and experimentally investigated the effect of the interference between subcarrier-signal beat interference (SSBI) in 60 GHz orthogonal frequency division multiplexing - radio-over-fiber (OFDM-ROF) system. In order to reduce the influence of SSBI, we compared four kinds of OFDM frames with different training sequences as all-real, all-complex, complex-zero and real-zero training. The experimental results show the power penalty of all-real, all-complex, complex-zero and real-zero training is 2.5, 5.5, 4 and 1dB at BER of 1x10-3 after 20km standard single mode fiber (SMF) transmission, respectively. The real-zero training OFDM frame with interleave structure and lower modulation order signal suffered from the least SSBI shows the best performance.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, L.-Y. Wang He, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Simultaneous Generation and Transmission of 60-GHz Wireless and Baseband Wireline Signals With Uplink Transmission Using an RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1099–1101 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  2. H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, and K. Kim, ““Transmission of Multiple HD-TV Signals Over a Wired/Wireless Line Millimeter-Wave Link With 60 GHz,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3413–3418 (2007).
  3. A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, and J. Armstrong, ““Performance of Optical OFDM in Ultralong-Haul WDM Lightwave Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 131–138 (2007).
  4. F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A Silicon Modulator Enabling RF Over Fiber for 802.11 OFDM Signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 141–148 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. C.-T. Lin, J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, W.-J. Jiang, and S. Chi, ““Ultra-High Data-Rate 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems Employing Optical Frequency Multiplication and OFDM Formats,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2296–2306 (2010).
  6. P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W. J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Full duplex 60-GHz RoF link employing tandem single sideband modulation scheme and high spectral efficiency modulation format,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19501–19508 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, and G. K. Chang, ““A Novel Scheme for Seamless Integration of ROF With Centralized Lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON System,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 2786–2791 (2009).
  8. Z. Cao, Z. Dong, J. Lu, M. Xia, and L. Chen, “Optical OFDM signal generation by optical phase modulator and its application in ROF system,” in Optical Communication,2009. ECOC '09. 35th European Conference on(German National Library, Vienna, Austria, 2009), pp. 1–2.
  9. Z. Dong, Z. Cao, J. Lu, Y. Li, L. Chen, and S. Wen, “Transmission performance of optical OFDM signals with low peak-to-average power ratio by a phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4194–4197 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Yu, J. Hu, D. Qian, Z. Jia, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Transmission of microwave-photonics generated 16Gbit/s super broadband OFDM signals in radio-over-fiber system,” in Optical Fiber communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,2008. OFC/NFOEC 2008. Conference on(Optical Society of America, San Diego,USA 2008), pp. 1–3.
  11. Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y.-T. Hsueh, H.-C. Chien, and G.-K. Chang, “Demonstration of a symmetric bidirectional 60-GHz radio-over-fiber transport system at 2.5-Gb/s over a single 25-km SMF-28,” in Optical Communication, 2008. ECOC 2008. 34th European Conference on(2008), pp. 1–2.
  12. Z. Cao, J. Yu, M. Xia, Q. Tang, Y. Gao, W. Wang, and L. Chen, ““Reduction of Intersubcarrier Interference and Frequency-Selective Fading in OFDM-ROF Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2423–2429 (2010).
  13. X. Xin, L. Zhang, B. Liu, and J. Yu, “Dynamic λ-OFDMA with selective multicast overlaid,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7847–7855 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and C. Sien, ““Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1332–1339 (2009).
  15. W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, ““Estimation of the Bit Error Rate for Direct-Detected OFDM Signals With Optically Preamplified Receivers,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1340–1346 (2009).
  16. J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, ““Fiber Dispersion Influence on Transmission of the Optical Millimeter-Waves Generated Using LN-MZM Intensity Modulation,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3244–3256 (2007).

2011 (1)

2010 (4)

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, L.-Y. Wang He, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Simultaneous Generation and Transmission of 60-GHz Wireless and Baseband Wireline Signals With Uplink Transmission Using an RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1099–1101 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A Silicon Modulator Enabling RF Over Fiber for 802.11 OFDM Signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 141–148 (2010).
[Crossref]

C.-T. Lin, J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, W.-J. Jiang, and S. Chi, ““Ultra-High Data-Rate 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems Employing Optical Frequency Multiplication and OFDM Formats,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2296–2306 (2010).

Z. Cao, J. Yu, M. Xia, Q. Tang, Y. Gao, W. Wang, and L. Chen, ““Reduction of Intersubcarrier Interference and Frequency-Selective Fading in OFDM-ROF Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2423–2429 (2010).

2009 (5)

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and C. Sien, ““Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1332–1339 (2009).

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, ““Estimation of the Bit Error Rate for Direct-Detected OFDM Signals With Optically Preamplified Receivers,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1340–1346 (2009).

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, and G. K. Chang, ““A Novel Scheme for Seamless Integration of ROF With Centralized Lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON System,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 2786–2791 (2009).

Z. Dong, Z. Cao, J. Lu, Y. Li, L. Chen, and S. Wen, “Transmission performance of optical OFDM signals with low peak-to-average power ratio by a phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4194–4197 (2009).
[Crossref]

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W. J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Full duplex 60-GHz RoF link employing tandem single sideband modulation scheme and high spectral efficiency modulation format,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19501–19508 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, and K. Kim, ““Transmission of Multiple HD-TV Signals Over a Wired/Wireless Line Millimeter-Wave Link With 60 GHz,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3413–3418 (2007).

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, and J. Armstrong, ““Performance of Optical OFDM in Ultralong-Haul WDM Lightwave Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 131–138 (2007).

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, ““Fiber Dispersion Influence on Transmission of the Optical Millimeter-Waves Generated Using LN-MZM Intensity Modulation,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3244–3256 (2007).

Arbab, V. R.

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and C. Sien, ““Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1332–1339 (2009).

Armstrong, J.

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, and J. Armstrong, ““Performance of Optical OFDM in Ultralong-Haul WDM Lightwave Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 131–138 (2007).

Basak, J.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A Silicon Modulator Enabling RF Over Fiber for 802.11 OFDM Signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 141–148 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cao, Z.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, M. Xia, Q. Tang, Y. Gao, W. Wang, and L. Chen, ““Reduction of Intersubcarrier Interference and Frequency-Selective Fading in OFDM-ROF Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2423–2429 (2010).

Z. Dong, Z. Cao, J. Lu, Y. Li, L. Chen, and S. Wen, “Transmission performance of optical OFDM signals with low peak-to-average power ratio by a phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4194–4197 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chang, G. K.

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, and G. K. Chang, ““A Novel Scheme for Seamless Integration of ROF With Centralized Lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON System,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 2786–2791 (2009).

Chang, S. H.

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, and K. Kim, ““Transmission of Multiple HD-TV Signals Over a Wired/Wireless Line Millimeter-Wave Link With 60 GHz,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3413–3418 (2007).

Chen, J.

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, L.-Y. Wang He, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Simultaneous Generation and Transmission of 60-GHz Wireless and Baseband Wireline Signals With Uplink Transmission Using an RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1099–1101 (2010).
[Crossref]

C.-T. Lin, J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, W.-J. Jiang, and S. Chi, ““Ultra-High Data-Rate 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems Employing Optical Frequency Multiplication and OFDM Formats,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2296–2306 (2010).

Chen, J. J.

Chen, L.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, M. Xia, Q. Tang, Y. Gao, W. Wang, and L. Chen, ““Reduction of Intersubcarrier Interference and Frequency-Selective Fading in OFDM-ROF Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2423–2429 (2010).

Z. Dong, Z. Cao, J. Lu, Y. Li, L. Chen, and S. Wen, “Transmission performance of optical OFDM signals with low peak-to-average power ratio by a phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4194–4197 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, and G. K. Chang, ““A Novel Scheme for Seamless Integration of ROF With Centralized Lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON System,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 2786–2791 (2009).

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, ““Fiber Dispersion Influence on Transmission of the Optical Millimeter-Waves Generated Using LN-MZM Intensity Modulation,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3244–3256 (2007).

Chen, Y.-H.

Chi, S.

C.-T. Lin, J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, W.-J. Jiang, and S. Chi, ““Ultra-High Data-Rate 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems Employing Optical Frequency Multiplication and OFDM Formats,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2296–2306 (2010).

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, L.-Y. Wang He, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Simultaneous Generation and Transmission of 60-GHz Wireless and Baseband Wireline Signals With Uplink Transmission Using an RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1099–1101 (2010).
[Crossref]

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W. J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Full duplex 60-GHz RoF link employing tandem single sideband modulation scheme and high spectral efficiency modulation format,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19501–19508 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, ““Estimation of the Bit Error Rate for Direct-Detected OFDM Signals With Optically Preamplified Receivers,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1340–1346 (2009).

Christen, L. C.

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and C. Sien, ““Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1332–1339 (2009).

Chu, M.-J.

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, and K. Kim, ““Transmission of Multiple HD-TV Signals Over a Wired/Wireless Line Millimeter-Wave Link With 60 GHz,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3413–3418 (2007).

Chung, H. S.

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, and K. Kim, ““Transmission of Multiple HD-TV Signals Over a Wired/Wireless Line Millimeter-Wave Link With 60 GHz,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3413–3418 (2007).

Dong, Z.

Z. Dong, Z. Cao, J. Lu, Y. Li, L. Chen, and S. Wen, “Transmission performance of optical OFDM signals with low peak-to-average power ratio by a phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4194–4197 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, and G. K. Chang, ““A Novel Scheme for Seamless Integration of ROF With Centralized Lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON System,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 2786–2791 (2009).

Du, L. B.

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, and J. Armstrong, ““Performance of Optical OFDM in Ultralong-Haul WDM Lightwave Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 131–138 (2007).

Feng, K.-M.

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, ““Estimation of the Bit Error Rate for Direct-Detected OFDM Signals With Optically Preamplified Receivers,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1340–1346 (2009).

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and C. Sien, ““Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1332–1339 (2009).

Gao, Y.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, M. Xia, Q. Tang, Y. Gao, W. Wang, and L. Chen, ““Reduction of Intersubcarrier Interference and Frequency-Selective Fading in OFDM-ROF Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2423–2429 (2010).

Huang, M.

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, and G. K. Chang, ““A Novel Scheme for Seamless Integration of ROF With Centralized Lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON System,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 2786–2791 (2009).

Jiang, W. J.

Jiang, W.-J.

C.-T. Lin, J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, W.-J. Jiang, and S. Chi, ““Ultra-High Data-Rate 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems Employing Optical Frequency Multiplication and OFDM Formats,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2296–2306 (2010).

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, L.-Y. Wang He, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Simultaneous Generation and Transmission of 60-GHz Wireless and Baseband Wireline Signals With Uplink Transmission Using an RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1099–1101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, and K. Kim, ““Transmission of Multiple HD-TV Signals Over a Wired/Wireless Line Millimeter-Wave Link With 60 GHz,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3413–3418 (2007).

Li, Y.

Z. Dong, Z. Cao, J. Lu, Y. Li, L. Chen, and S. Wen, “Transmission performance of optical OFDM signals with low peak-to-average power ratio by a phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4194–4197 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liao, L.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A Silicon Modulator Enabling RF Over Fiber for 802.11 OFDM Signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 141–148 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.-T.

C.-T. Lin, J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, W.-J. Jiang, and S. Chi, ““Ultra-High Data-Rate 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems Employing Optical Frequency Multiplication and OFDM Formats,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2296–2306 (2010).

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, L.-Y. Wang He, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Simultaneous Generation and Transmission of 60-GHz Wireless and Baseband Wireline Signals With Uplink Transmission Using an RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1099–1101 (2010).
[Crossref]

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W. J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Full duplex 60-GHz RoF link employing tandem single sideband modulation scheme and high spectral efficiency modulation format,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19501–19508 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, A.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A Silicon Modulator Enabling RF Over Fiber for 802.11 OFDM Signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 141–148 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.

Lowery, A. J.

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, and J. Armstrong, ““Performance of Optical OFDM in Ultralong-Haul WDM Lightwave Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 131–138 (2007).

Lu, J.

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, and G. K. Chang, ““A Novel Scheme for Seamless Integration of ROF With Centralized Lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON System,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 2786–2791 (2009).

Z. Dong, Z. Cao, J. Lu, Y. Li, L. Chen, and S. Wen, “Transmission performance of optical OFDM signals with low peak-to-average power ratio by a phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4194–4197 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ma, J.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, ““Fiber Dispersion Influence on Transmission of the Optical Millimeter-Waves Generated Using LN-MZM Intensity Modulation,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3244–3256 (2007).

Mirshafiei, M.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A Silicon Modulator Enabling RF Over Fiber for 802.11 OFDM Signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 141–148 (2010).
[Crossref]

Paniccia, M.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A Silicon Modulator Enabling RF Over Fiber for 802.11 OFDM Signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 141–148 (2010).
[Crossref]

Park, J. D.

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, and K. Kim, ““Transmission of Multiple HD-TV Signals Over a Wired/Wireless Line Millimeter-Wave Link With 60 GHz,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3413–3418 (2007).

Peng, W.-R.

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and C. Sien, ““Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1332–1339 (2009).

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, ““Estimation of the Bit Error Rate for Direct-Detected OFDM Signals With Optically Preamplified Receivers,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1340–1346 (2009).

Rusch, L. A.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A Silicon Modulator Enabling RF Over Fiber for 802.11 OFDM Signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 141–148 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shamee, B.

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and C. Sien, ““Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1332–1339 (2009).

Shih, P.-T.

C.-T. Lin, J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, W.-J. Jiang, and S. Chi, ““Ultra-High Data-Rate 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems Employing Optical Frequency Multiplication and OFDM Formats,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2296–2306 (2010).

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, L.-Y. Wang He, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Simultaneous Generation and Transmission of 60-GHz Wireless and Baseband Wireline Signals With Uplink Transmission Using an RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1099–1101 (2010).
[Crossref]

P.-T. Shih, C.-T. Lin, W. J. Jiang, Y.-H. Chen, J. J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Full duplex 60-GHz RoF link employing tandem single sideband modulation scheme and high spectral efficiency modulation format,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19501–19508 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sien, C.

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and C. Sien, ““Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1332–1339 (2009).

Tang, Q.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, M. Xia, Q. Tang, Y. Gao, W. Wang, and L. Chen, ““Reduction of Intersubcarrier Interference and Frequency-Selective Fading in OFDM-ROF Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2423–2429 (2010).

Vacondio, F.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A Silicon Modulator Enabling RF Over Fiber for 802.11 OFDM Signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 141–148 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, M. Xia, Q. Tang, Y. Gao, W. Wang, and L. Chen, ““Reduction of Intersubcarrier Interference and Frequency-Selective Fading in OFDM-ROF Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2423–2429 (2010).

Wang He, L.-Y.

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, L.-Y. Wang He, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Simultaneous Generation and Transmission of 60-GHz Wireless and Baseband Wireline Signals With Uplink Transmission Using an RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1099–1101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, and G. K. Chang, ““A Novel Scheme for Seamless Integration of ROF With Centralized Lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON System,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 2786–2791 (2009).

Z. Dong, Z. Cao, J. Lu, Y. Li, L. Chen, and S. Wen, “Transmission performance of optical OFDM signals with low peak-to-average power ratio by a phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4194–4197 (2009).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and C. Sien, ““Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1332–1339 (2009).

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, ““Estimation of the Bit Error Rate for Direct-Detected OFDM Signals With Optically Preamplified Receivers,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1340–1346 (2009).

Wu, X.

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and C. Sien, ““Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1332–1339 (2009).

Xia, M.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, M. Xia, Q. Tang, Y. Gao, W. Wang, and L. Chen, ““Reduction of Intersubcarrier Interference and Frequency-Selective Fading in OFDM-ROF Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2423–2429 (2010).

Xin, X.

X. Xin, L. Zhang, B. Liu, and J. Yu, “Dynamic λ-OFDMA with selective multicast overlaid,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7847–7855 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, ““Fiber Dispersion Influence on Transmission of the Optical Millimeter-Waves Generated Using LN-MZM Intensity Modulation,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3244–3256 (2007).

Yang, J.-Y.

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and C. Sien, ““Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1332–1339 (2009).

Yu, C.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, ““Fiber Dispersion Influence on Transmission of the Optical Millimeter-Waves Generated Using LN-MZM Intensity Modulation,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3244–3256 (2007).

Yu, J.

X. Xin, L. Zhang, B. Liu, and J. Yu, “Dynamic λ-OFDMA with selective multicast overlaid,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7847–7855 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Cao, J. Yu, M. Xia, Q. Tang, Y. Gao, W. Wang, and L. Chen, ““Reduction of Intersubcarrier Interference and Frequency-Selective Fading in OFDM-ROF Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2423–2429 (2010).

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, ““Fiber Dispersion Influence on Transmission of the Optical Millimeter-Waves Generated Using LN-MZM Intensity Modulation,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3244–3256 (2007).

Yu, J. G.

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, and G. K. Chang, ““A Novel Scheme for Seamless Integration of ROF With Centralized Lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON System,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 2786–2791 (2009).

Zeng, J.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, ““Fiber Dispersion Influence on Transmission of the Optical Millimeter-Waves Generated Using LN-MZM Intensity Modulation,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3244–3256 (2007).

Zhang, L.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A Silicon Modulator Enabling RF Over Fiber for 802.11 OFDM Signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 141–148 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

W.-J. Jiang, C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, L.-Y. Wang He, J. Chen, and S. Chi, “Simultaneous Generation and Transmission of 60-GHz Wireless and Baseband Wireline Signals With Uplink Transmission Using an RSOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1099–1101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Journalism (8)

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, and K. Kim, ““Transmission of Multiple HD-TV Signals Over a Wired/Wireless Line Millimeter-Wave Link With 60 GHz,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3413–3418 (2007).

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, and J. Armstrong, ““Performance of Optical OFDM in Ultralong-Haul WDM Lightwave Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 131–138 (2007).

C.-T. Lin, J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, W.-J. Jiang, and S. Chi, ““Ultra-High Data-Rate 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Systems Employing Optical Frequency Multiplication and OFDM Formats,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2296–2306 (2010).

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, and G. K. Chang, ““A Novel Scheme for Seamless Integration of ROF With Centralized Lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON System,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 2786–2791 (2009).

Z. Cao, J. Yu, M. Xia, Q. Tang, Y. Gao, W. Wang, and L. Chen, ““Reduction of Intersubcarrier Interference and Frequency-Selective Fading in OFDM-ROF Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 28, 2423–2429 (2010).

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, and C. Sien, ““Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Direct-Detected RF-Tone-Assisted Optical OFDM Systems,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1332–1339 (2009).

W.-R. Peng, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, ““Estimation of the Bit Error Rate for Direct-Detected OFDM Signals With Optically Preamplified Receivers,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 27, 1340–1346 (2009).

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, and L. Chen, ““Fiber Dispersion Influence on Transmission of the Optical Millimeter-Waves Generated Using LN-MZM Intensity Modulation,” Lightwave Technology,” Journalism 25, 3244–3256 (2007).

Opt. Commun. (1)

Z. Dong, Z. Cao, J. Lu, Y. Li, L. Chen, and S. Wen, “Transmission performance of optical OFDM signals with low peak-to-average power ratio by a phase modulator,” Opt. Commun. 282(21), 4194–4197 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (3)

J. Yu, J. Hu, D. Qian, Z. Jia, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Transmission of microwave-photonics generated 16Gbit/s super broadband OFDM signals in radio-over-fiber system,” in Optical Fiber communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference,2008. OFC/NFOEC 2008. Conference on(Optical Society of America, San Diego,USA 2008), pp. 1–3.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, Y.-T. Hsueh, H.-C. Chien, and G.-K. Chang, “Demonstration of a symmetric bidirectional 60-GHz radio-over-fiber transport system at 2.5-Gb/s over a single 25-km SMF-28,” in Optical Communication, 2008. ECOC 2008. 34th European Conference on(2008), pp. 1–2.

Z. Cao, Z. Dong, J. Lu, M. Xia, and L. Chen, “Optical OFDM signal generation by optical phase modulator and its application in ROF system,” in Optical Communication,2009. ECOC '09. 35th European Conference on(German National Library, Vienna, Austria, 2009), pp. 1–2.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of the proposed 60GHz OFDM-ROF architecture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

DD-ROF-OFDM signal detected at the PIN.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

OFDM frame with different training sequence. (a) all-real training sequence, (b) all-complex training sequence, (c) complex-zero training sequence, and (d) real-zero training sequence.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup of the proposed 58 GHz OFDM-ROF system. AWG: arbitrary waveform generator; CW: continuous-wave; MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator; EA: electrical amplifier; LO: local oscillator; IL: interleaver; IM: intensity-modulator; PD: photon-detector; LPF: low-pass filter; (a) optical spectrum of the source, (b) optical spectrum after DSB modulation, (c)optical spectrum after the optical carrier is removed, (d) optical spectrum after the second IM.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Constellations of BTB and 20km transmission at different kinds of training sequence. (a) All-real training, (b) all-complex training, (c) complex-zero training, and (d) real-zero training.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER curves of OFDM frame with different training sequence.

Equations (10)

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E o u t 1 ( t ) = a 1 cos ( ω c ω R F ) t + a 0 cos ω c t + a + 1 cos ( ω c + ω R F ) t .
E o u t 1 ( t ) = a 1 cos ( ω c ω R F ) t + a + 1 cos ( ω c + ω R F ) t .
x ( t ) = 1 N n = 0 N 1 d ( n ) exp ( j 2 π n t N ) ,
E o u t 2 ( t ) = [ a 1 cos ( ω c ω R F ) t + a + 1 cos ( ω c + ω R F ) t ] × ( 1 + m 1 N n = 0 N 1 d ( n ) exp ( j 2 π n t N ) ) ,
E o u t 2 ( z , t ) = a 1 e r z cos [ ( ω c ω R F ) t β ( ω c ω R F ) z ] + a + 1 e r z cos [ ( ω c + ω R F ) t β ( ω c + ω R F ) z ] + a 1 e r z m x ( t ( ω c ω R F ) 1 β ( ω c ω R F ) z ) cos [ ( ω c ω R F ) t β ( ω c ω R F ) z ] + a + 1 e r z m x ( t ( ω c + ω R F ) 1 β ( ω c + ω R F ) z ) cos [ ( ω c + ω R F ) t β ( ω c + ω R F ) z ] .
A k = a k e r z x ( t ( w c + k w R F ) 1 β ( w c + k w R F ) z ) ( k = ± 1 ) , B k = a k e r z ( k = ± 1 ) .
I ( t ) = μ | E o u t 2 ( z , t ) | 2 1 2 μ ( m A 1 B 1 + m A + 1 B + 1 + m 2 A 1 2 + m 2 A + 1 2 + B 1 2 + B + 1 2 ) + 1 2 μ m A 1 B 1 cos [ ( w c w R F ) t 2 β ( w c ) z + 2 w R F β ' ( w c ) z 2 w R F 2 β ' ' ( w c ) z ] + 1 2 μ m A + 1 B + 1 cos [ ( w c + w R F ) t 2 β ( w c ) z 2 w R F β ' ( w c ) z 2 w R F 2 β ' ' ( w c ) z ] + 1 2 μ ( A 1 B + 1 + A + 1 B 1 + B 1 B + 1 + m 2 A 1 A + 1 ) cos 2 w R F [ t β ' ( w c ) z ] M M _ O F D M _ S i g n a l .
β ( ω C ± k ω R F ) = β ( ω C ) ± k ω R F β ( ω C ) + 1 2 k 2 ω R F 2 β ( ω C ) .
I M M _ O F D M ( t ) = 1 2 μ ( A 1 B + 1 + A + 1 B 1 + B 1 B + 1 ) cos 2 w R F [ t β ' ( w c ) z ] O F D M _ S i g n a l + 1 2 μ m 2 A 1 A + 1 cos 2 w R F [ t β ' ( w c ) z ] S S B I .
I S S B I = 1 2 μ m 2 A 1 A + 1 cos 2 w R F [ t β ' ( w c ) z ] = 1 2 μ m 2 a 1 e r z x ( t ( w c w R F ) 1 β ( w c w R F ) z ) × a + 1 e r z x ( t ( w c + w R F ) 1 β ( w c + w R F ) z ) × cos 2 w R F [ t β ' ( w c ) z ] .

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