Abstract

We demonstrate generation of Cerenkov radiation at 850 nm in a higher-order-mode (HOM) fiber. The LP02 mode in this solid, silica-based fiber has anomalous dispersion from 690 nm to 810 nm. Cerenkov radiation with 3 nJ pulse energy is generated in this module, exhibiting 60% energy conversion efficiency from the input. The HOM fiber provides a valuable fiber platform for nonlinear wavelength conversion with pulse energies in-between index-guided silica-core photonic crystal fibers and air-core photonic bandgap fibers.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

P. Falk, M. H. Frosz, O. Bang, L. Thrane, P. E. Andersen, A. O. Bjarklev, K. P. Hansen, and J. Broeng, “Broadband light generation around 1300nm through spectrally recoiled solitons and dispersive waves,” Opt. Lett. 33(6), 621–623 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, J. van Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, “Soliton self-frequency shift: experimental demonstrations and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 713–723 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2006 (5)

2004 (5)

2003 (1)

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

N. Nishizawa, Y. Ito, and T. Goto, “0.78-0.90-μm wavelength-tunable femtosecond soliton pulse generation using photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(7), 986–988 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear propagation and continuum generation in microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27(11), 924–926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

T. A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(15), 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

Adler, E.

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alfimov, M. V.

Andersen, P. E.

Andresen, E. R.

Arriaga, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baltuska, A.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Köhler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3), 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bang, O.

Birkedal, V.

Birks, T. A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A. O.

Boppart, S. A.

Brida, D.

Broeng, J.

Buckley, J.

H. Lim, J. Buckley, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Fiber-based source of femtosecond pulses tunable from 1.0 to 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 40(24), 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Buczynski, R.

Bugar, I.

Campbell, S.

Chandalia, J. K.

Chong, A.

H. Lim, J. Buckley, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Fiber-based source of femtosecond pulses tunable from 1.0 to 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 40(24), 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cristiani, I.

Degiorgio, V.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Dyba, M.

T. A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(15), 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

Egner, A.

T. A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(15), 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Falk, P.

Fedotov, A. B.

Fehrenbacher, D.

Foster, M. A.

Freudiger, C. W.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frosz, M. H.

Fuji, T.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Köhler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3), 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

Ghalmi, S.

Gordon, J. P.

Goto, T.

N. Nishizawa, Y. Ito, and T. Goto, “0.78-0.90-μm wavelength-tunable femtosecond soliton pulse generation using photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(7), 986–988 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Hansen, K. P.

He, C.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hell, S. W.

T. A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(15), 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holtom, G. R.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huber, R.

Ishii, N.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Köhler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3), 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ito, Y.

N. Nishizawa, Y. Ito, and T. Goto, “0.78-0.90-μm wavelength-tunable femtosecond soliton pulse generation using photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(7), 986–988 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, A. A.

Jakobs, S.

T. A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(15), 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jakobsen, D.

Jespersen, K. G.

Kang, J. X.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keiding, S. R.

Klar, T. A.

T. A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, and S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(15), 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. S. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, and P. J. Roberts, “Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express 12(5), 835–840 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

Köhler, S.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Köhler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3), 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosinski, S. G.

Krauss, G.

Krausz, F.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Köhler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3), 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laegsgaard, J.

Le, T.

Lee, J. H.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Lim, H.

H. Lim, J. Buckley, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Fiber-based source of femtosecond pulses tunable from 1.0 to 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 40(24), 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Linik, Y. M.

Liu, X.

J. H. Lee, J. van Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, “Soliton self-frequency shift: experimental demonstrations and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 713–723 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler, “Soliton self-frequency shift in a short tapered air-silica microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26(6), 358–360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lorenc, D.

Lu, S.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luan, F.

Mangan, B. J.

Metzger, T.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Köhler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3), 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Min, W.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitrofanov, A. V.

Moll, K. D.

Monberg, E.

Moutzouris, K.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nishizawa, N.

N. Nishizawa, Y. Ito, and T. Goto, “0.78-0.90-μm wavelength-tunable femtosecond soliton pulse generation using photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(7), 986–988 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Palsdottir, B.

Pederesen, M. E. V.

Pysz, D.

Ramachandran, S.

Reid, D. T.

Riek, C.

Roberts, P. J.

Russell, P. S.

Russell, P. S. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Saar, B. G.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sell, A.

Serebryannikov, E. E.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Köhler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3), 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skryabin, D. V.

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smedemand, M. B.

Sotier, F.

Tartara, L.

Tediosi, R.

Teisset, C. Y.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, S. Köhler, E. E. Serebryannikov, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Widely tunable soliton frequency shifting of few-cycle laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3), 036617 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thøgersen, J.

Thrane, L.

Träutlein, D.

Tsai, J. C.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tu, H.

van Howe, J.

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D. P.

Windeler, R. S.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

H. Lim, J. Buckley, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Fiber-based source of femtosecond pulses tunable from 1.0 to 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 40(24), 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wisk, P.

Xiao, D.

Xie, X. S.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, B. G. Saar, S. Lu, G. R. Holtom, C. He, J. C. Tsai, J. X. Kang, and X. S. Xie, “Label-free biomedical imaging with high sensitivity by stimulated Raman scattering microscopy,” Science 322(5909), 1857–1861 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, C.

Yan, M. F.

Zheltikov, A. M.

Zhou, S.

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Lim, J. Buckley, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Fiber-based source of femtosecond pulses tunable from 1.0 to 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 40(24), 1523 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. H. Lee, J. van Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, “Soliton self-frequency shift: experimental demonstrations and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 713–723 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(7), 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Nishizawa, Y. Ito, and T. Goto, “0.78-0.90-μm wavelength-tunable femtosecond soliton pulse generation using photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(7), 986–988 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (8)

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Phys. Rev. A (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup, (b) Calculated dispersion of the LP02 mode of the HOM fiber, (c) Calculated Aeff of the LP02 mode of the HOM fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured spectra at various pulse energies showing soliton generation, soliton self-frequency shift, and Cerenkov radiation. (b) Simulated spectra with the same input conditions. All traces are taken at 0.2 nm spectral resolution. The soliton and Cerenkov radiation are marked by arrows. The input wavelength and the zero-dispersion wavelength (ZDW) are denoted by dashed lines and the input pulse energy (E) is indicated on each trace.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimentally measured (solid) and calculated (dashed) Cerenkov pulse energy as a function of input pulse energy. Inset: Experimental results compared with simulated Cerenkov pulse energy at input pulse energies below 0.8 nJ.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured (a) and simulated (b) second-order intensity autocorrelation trace of the Cerenkov radiation at 5 nJ input pulse energy.

Equations (1)

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R ( t ) = ( 1 f R ) δ ( t ) + f R τ 1 2 + τ 2 2 τ 1 τ 2 2 exp ( t τ 2 ) sin ( t τ 1 ) Θ ( t ) ,

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