Abstract

Laser matter interaction at relativistic intensities using 100 TW class laser systems or higher is becoming more and more widespread. One of the critical issues of such laser systems is to let the laser pulse interact at high intensity with the solid target and avoid any pre-plasma. Thus, a high Laser Pulse Contrast Ratio (LPCR) parameter is of prime importance. We present the LPCR characterization of a high repetition 100 TW class laser system. We demonstrate that the generated Amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE) degrades the overall LPCR performance. We propose a simple way to clean the pulse after the first amplification stage by introducing a solid state saturable absorber which results in a LPCR improvement to better than 1010 with only a 30% energy loss at a 10 Hz repetition rate. We finally correlated this cleaning method with experimental results.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2010

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Kiriyama, M. Mori, Y. Nakai, T. Shimomura, H. Sasao, M. Tanoue, S. Kanazawa, D. Wakai, F. Sasao, H. Okada, I. Daito, M. Suzuki, S. Kondo, K. Kondo, A. Sugiyama, P. R. Bolton, A. Yokoyama, H. Daido, S. Kawanishi, T. Kimura, and T. Tajima, “High temporal and spatial quality petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1497–1499 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

2009

M. Kalashnikov, A. Andreev, and H. Schönnagel, “Limits of the temporal contrast for CPA lasers with beams of high aperture,” Proc. SPIE 7501, 750104, 750104-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

T. Ceccotti, A. Lévy, H. Popescu, F. Réau, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, J. P. Geindre, E. Lefebvre, and Ph. Martin, “Proton acceleration with high-intensity ultrahigh-contrast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 185002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Lévy, T. Ceccotti, P. D’Oliveira, F. Réau, M. Perdrix, F. Quéré, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 310–312 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard x-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

V. Chvykov, P. Rousseau, S. Reed, G. Kalinchenko, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation of 10(11) contrast 50 TW laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 31(10), 1456–1458 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Grismayer and P. Mora, “Influence of a finite initial ion density gradient on plasma expansion into a vacuum,” Phys. Plasmas 13(3), 032103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

K.-H. Hong, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Mourou, “Generation and measurement of >108 intensity contrast ratio in a relativistic kHz chirped-pulse amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 447–457 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “Double chirped-pulse-amplification laser: a way to clean pulses temporally,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 923–925 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2001

2000

A. Zhidkov, A. Sasaki, T. Utsumi, I. Fukumoto, T. Tajima, F. Saito, Y. Hironaka, K. G. Nakamura, K. Kondo, and M. Yoshida, “Prepulse effects on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with high-Z solids,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(55 Pt B), 7232–7240 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Kulcsár, D. AlMawlawi, F. W. Budnik, P. R. Herman, M. Moskovits, L. Zhao, and R. S. Marjoribanks, “Intense picosecond X-Ray pulses from laser plasmas by use of nanostructured “Velvet” targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5149–5152 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, and A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

J. Yu, Z. Jiang, J. C. Kieffer, and A. Krol, “Hard x-ray emission in high intensity femtosecond laser–target interaction,” Phys. Plasmas 6(4), 1318–1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse-amplification lasers by clean high-energy seed-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148(1-3), 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Cabalín and J. J. Laserna, “Experimental determination of laser induced breakdown thresholds of metals under nanosecond Q-switched laser operation,” Spectrochim. Acta B 53(5), 723–730 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

1988

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal Response of Metals to Ultrashort-Pulse Laser Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(25), 2886–2889 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Albert, O.

Albertazzi, B.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

Alexandrov, A.

AlMawlawi, D.

G. Kulcsár, D. AlMawlawi, F. W. Budnik, P. R. Herman, M. Moskovits, L. Zhao, and R. S. Marjoribanks, “Intense picosecond X-Ray pulses from laser plasmas by use of nanostructured “Velvet” targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5149–5152 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreev, A.

M. Kalashnikov, A. Andreev, and H. Schönnagel, “Limits of the temporal contrast for CPA lasers with beams of high aperture,” Proc. SPIE 7501, 750104, 750104-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Audebert, P.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

A. Lévy, T. Ceccotti, P. D’Oliveira, F. Réau, M. Perdrix, F. Quéré, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 310–312 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Augé-Rochereau, F.

Auguste, T.

Batani, D.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beg, F. N.

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bolton, P. R.

Bougeard, M.

A. Lévy, T. Ceccotti, P. D’Oliveira, F. Réau, M. Perdrix, F. Quéré, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 310–312 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brunel, F.

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal Response of Metals to Ultrashort-Pulse Laser Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(25), 2886–2889 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Budnik, F. W.

G. Kulcsár, D. AlMawlawi, F. W. Budnik, P. R. Herman, M. Moskovits, L. Zhao, and R. S. Marjoribanks, “Intense picosecond X-Ray pulses from laser plasmas by use of nanostructured “Velvet” targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5149–5152 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buffechoux, S.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

Burgy, F.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cabalín, L. M.

L. M. Cabalín and J. J. Laserna, “Experimental determination of laser induced breakdown thresholds of metals under nanosecond Q-switched laser operation,” Spectrochim. Acta B 53(5), 723–730 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ceccotti, T.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Lévy, T. Ceccotti, P. D’Oliveira, F. Réau, M. Perdrix, F. Quéré, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 310–312 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Ceccotti, A. Lévy, H. Popescu, F. Réau, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, J. P. Geindre, E. Lefebvre, and Ph. Martin, “Proton acceleration with high-intensity ultrahigh-contrast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 185002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chambaret, J.-P.

Chériaux, G.

Chien, C.-Y.

Chvykov, V.

Clark, E. L.

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coe, J. S.

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal Response of Metals to Ultrashort-Pulse Laser Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(25), 2886–2889 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

d’Oliveira, P.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Lévy, T. Ceccotti, P. D’Oliveira, F. Réau, M. Perdrix, F. Quéré, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 310–312 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Ceccotti, A. Lévy, H. Popescu, F. Réau, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, J. P. Geindre, E. Lefebvre, and Ph. Martin, “Proton acceleration with high-intensity ultrahigh-contrast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 185002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Jullien, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J.-P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz, “High-efficiency, simple setup for pulse cleaning at the millijoule level by nonlinear induced birefringence,” Opt. Lett. 29(18), 2184–2186 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daido, H.

Daito, I.

Dangor, A. E.

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davies, J. R.

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eder, D. C.

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, and A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eidmann, K.

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, and A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ellenberger, U.

Etchepare, J.

Falcoz, F.

Faure, J.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse-amplification lasers by clean high-energy seed-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148(1-3), 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fill, E.

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, and A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Flacco, A.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fourmaux, S.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

S. Fourmaux, S. Payeur, A. Alexandrov, C. Serbanescu, F. Martin, T. Ozaki, A. Kudryashov, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser beam wavefront correction for ultra high intensities with the 200 TW laser system at the advanced laser light source,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11987–11994 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard x-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, J.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

Fukumoto, I.

A. Zhidkov, A. Sasaki, T. Utsumi, I. Fukumoto, T. Tajima, F. Saito, Y. Hironaka, K. G. Nakamura, K. Kondo, and M. Yoshida, “Prepulse effects on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with high-Z solids,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(55 Pt B), 7232–7240 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geindre, J. P.

T. Ceccotti, A. Lévy, H. Popescu, F. Réau, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, J. P. Geindre, E. Lefebvre, and Ph. Martin, “Proton acceleration with high-intensity ultrahigh-contrast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 185002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geindre, J.-P.

A. Lévy, T. Ceccotti, P. D’Oliveira, F. Réau, M. Perdrix, F. Quéré, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 310–312 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

George, H.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gnedyuk, S.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

Grismayer, T.

T. Grismayer and P. Mora, “Influence of a finite initial ion density gradient on plasma expansion into a vacuum,” Phys. Plasmas 13(3), 032103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Herman, P. R.

G. Kulcsár, D. AlMawlawi, F. W. Budnik, P. R. Herman, M. Moskovits, L. Zhao, and R. S. Marjoribanks, “Intense picosecond X-Ray pulses from laser plasmas by use of nanostructured “Velvet” targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5149–5152 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hironaka, Y.

A. Zhidkov, A. Sasaki, T. Utsumi, I. Fukumoto, T. Tajima, F. Saito, Y. Hironaka, K. G. Nakamura, K. Kondo, and M. Yoshida, “Prepulse effects on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with high-Z solids,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(55 Pt B), 7232–7240 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, K.-H.

K.-H. Hong, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Mourou, “Generation and measurement of >108 intensity contrast ratio in a relativistic kHz chirped-pulse amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 447–457 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hou, B.

K.-H. Hong, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Mourou, “Generation and measurement of >108 intensity contrast ratio in a relativistic kHz chirped-pulse amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 447–457 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Houde, D.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

Itatani, J.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse-amplification lasers by clean high-energy seed-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148(1-3), 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Jiang, J. C. Kieffer, and A. Krol, “Hard x-ray emission in high intensity femtosecond laser–target interaction,” Phys. Plasmas 6(4), 1318–1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jullien, A.

Kalashnikov, M.

M. Kalashnikov, A. Andreev, and H. Schönnagel, “Limits of the temporal contrast for CPA lasers with beams of high aperture,” Proc. SPIE 7501, 750104, 750104-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kalashnikov, M. P.

Kalinchenko, G.

Kanazawa, S.

Kawanishi, S.

Kieffer, J. C.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

S. Fourmaux, S. Payeur, A. Alexandrov, C. Serbanescu, F. Martin, T. Ozaki, A. Kudryashov, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser beam wavefront correction for ultra high intensities with the 200 TW laser system at the advanced laser light source,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11987–11994 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard x-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jiang, J. C. Kieffer, and A. Krol, “Hard x-ray emission in high intensity femtosecond laser–target interaction,” Phys. Plasmas 6(4), 1318–1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

Kincaid, R. E.

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard x-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kiriyama, H.

Kondo, K.

H. Kiriyama, M. Mori, Y. Nakai, T. Shimomura, H. Sasao, M. Tanoue, S. Kanazawa, D. Wakai, F. Sasao, H. Okada, I. Daito, M. Suzuki, S. Kondo, K. Kondo, A. Sugiyama, P. R. Bolton, A. Yokoyama, H. Daido, S. Kawanishi, T. Kimura, and T. Tajima, “High temporal and spatial quality petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1497–1499 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zhidkov, A. Sasaki, T. Utsumi, I. Fukumoto, T. Tajima, F. Saito, Y. Hironaka, K. G. Nakamura, K. Kondo, and M. Yoshida, “Prepulse effects on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with high-Z solids,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(55 Pt B), 7232–7240 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kondo, S.

Krol, A.

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard x-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jiang, J. C. Kieffer, and A. Krol, “Hard x-ray emission in high intensity femtosecond laser–target interaction,” Phys. Plasmas 6(4), 1318–1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krushelnick, K.

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kudryashov, A.

Kulcsár, G.

G. Kulcsár, D. AlMawlawi, F. W. Budnik, P. R. Herman, M. Moskovits, L. Zhao, and R. S. Marjoribanks, “Intense picosecond X-Ray pulses from laser plasmas by use of nanostructured “Velvet” targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5149–5152 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lagadec, H.

Laserna, J. J.

L. M. Cabalín and J. J. Laserna, “Experimental determination of laser induced breakdown thresholds of metals under nanosecond Q-switched laser operation,” Spectrochim. Acta B 53(5), 723–730 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lecherbourg, L.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

Lefebvre, E.

T. Ceccotti, A. Lévy, H. Popescu, F. Réau, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, J. P. Geindre, E. Lefebvre, and Ph. Martin, “Proton acceleration with high-intensity ultrahigh-contrast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 185002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levy, A.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lévy, A.

A. Lévy, T. Ceccotti, P. D’Oliveira, F. Réau, M. Perdrix, F. Quéré, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 310–312 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ceccotti, A. Lévy, H. Popescu, F. Réau, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, J. P. Geindre, E. Lefebvre, and Ph. Martin, “Proton acceleration with high-intensity ultrahigh-contrast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 185002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Machacek, A.

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maksimchuk, A.

Malka, V.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marjoribanks, R.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marjoribanks, R. S.

G. Kulcsár, D. AlMawlawi, F. W. Budnik, P. R. Herman, M. Moskovits, L. Zhao, and R. S. Marjoribanks, “Intense picosecond X-Ray pulses from laser plasmas by use of nanostructured “Velvet” targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5149–5152 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, F.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

S. Fourmaux, S. Payeur, A. Alexandrov, C. Serbanescu, F. Martin, T. Ozaki, A. Kudryashov, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser beam wavefront correction for ultra high intensities with the 200 TW laser system at the advanced laser light source,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11987–11994 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, P.

Martin, Ph.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Ceccotti, A. Lévy, H. Popescu, F. Réau, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, J. P. Geindre, E. Lefebvre, and Ph. Martin, “Proton acceleration with high-intensity ultrahigh-contrast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 185002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monot, P.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Lévy, T. Ceccotti, P. D’Oliveira, F. Réau, M. Perdrix, F. Quéré, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 310–312 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Ceccotti, A. Lévy, H. Popescu, F. Réau, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, J. P. Geindre, E. Lefebvre, and Ph. Martin, “Proton acceleration with high-intensity ultrahigh-contrast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 185002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mora, P.

T. Grismayer and P. Mora, “Influence of a finite initial ion density gradient on plasma expansion into a vacuum,” Phys. Plasmas 13(3), 032103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mori, M.

Moskovits, M.

G. Kulcsár, D. AlMawlawi, F. W. Budnik, P. R. Herman, M. Moskovits, L. Zhao, and R. S. Marjoribanks, “Intense picosecond X-Ray pulses from laser plasmas by use of nanostructured “Velvet” targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5149–5152 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse-amplification lasers by clean high-energy seed-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148(1-3), 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G. A.

K.-H. Hong, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Mourou, “Generation and measurement of >108 intensity contrast ratio in a relativistic kHz chirped-pulse amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 447–457 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakai, Y.

Nakamura, K. G.

A. Zhidkov, A. Sasaki, T. Utsumi, I. Fukumoto, T. Tajima, F. Saito, Y. Hironaka, K. G. Nakamura, K. Kondo, and M. Yoshida, “Prepulse effects on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with high-Z solids,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(55 Pt B), 7232–7240 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nantel, M.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse-amplification lasers by clean high-energy seed-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148(1-3), 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nees, J. A.

K.-H. Hong, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Mourou, “Generation and measurement of >108 intensity contrast ratio in a relativistic kHz chirped-pulse amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 447–457 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Norreys, P. A.

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okada, H.

Ozaki, T.

S. Fourmaux, S. Payeur, A. Alexandrov, C. Serbanescu, F. Martin, T. Ozaki, A. Kudryashov, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser beam wavefront correction for ultra high intensities with the 200 TW laser system at the advanced laser light source,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11987–11994 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard x-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Payeur, S.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

S. Fourmaux, S. Payeur, A. Alexandrov, C. Serbanescu, F. Martin, T. Ozaki, A. Kudryashov, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser beam wavefront correction for ultra high intensities with the 200 TW laser system at the advanced laser light source,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11987–11994 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pépin, H.

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

Perdrix, M.

Petrov, G. I.

Popescu, H.

T. Ceccotti, A. Lévy, H. Popescu, F. Réau, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, J. P. Geindre, E. Lefebvre, and Ph. Martin, “Proton acceleration with high-intensity ultrahigh-contrast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 185002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Power, E.

K.-H. Hong, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Mourou, “Generation and measurement of >108 intensity contrast ratio in a relativistic kHz chirped-pulse amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 447–457 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pretzler, G.

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, and A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Quéré, F.

A. Lévy, T. Ceccotti, P. D’Oliveira, F. Réau, M. Perdrix, F. Quéré, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 310–312 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Réau, F.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Lévy, T. Ceccotti, P. D’Oliveira, F. Réau, M. Perdrix, F. Quéré, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 310–312 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Ceccotti, A. Lévy, H. Popescu, F. Réau, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, J. P. Geindre, E. Lefebvre, and Ph. Martin, “Proton acceleration with high-intensity ultrahigh-contrast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 185002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reed, S.

Risse, E.

Rousseau, P.

Saemann, A.

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, and A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Saito, F.

A. Zhidkov, A. Sasaki, T. Utsumi, I. Fukumoto, T. Tajima, F. Saito, Y. Hironaka, K. G. Nakamura, K. Kondo, and M. Yoshida, “Prepulse effects on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with high-Z solids,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(55 Pt B), 7232–7240 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saltiel, S. M.

Sandner, W.

Santala, M. I.

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasaki, A.

A. Zhidkov, A. Sasaki, T. Utsumi, I. Fukumoto, T. Tajima, F. Saito, Y. Hironaka, K. G. Nakamura, K. Kondo, and M. Yoshida, “Prepulse effects on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with high-Z solids,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(55 Pt B), 7232–7240 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasao, F.

Sasao, H.

Schönnagel, H.

M. Kalashnikov, A. Andreev, and H. Schönnagel, “Limits of the temporal contrast for CPA lasers with beams of high aperture,” Proc. SPIE 7501, 750104, 750104-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “Double chirped-pulse-amplification laser: a way to clean pulses temporally,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 923–925 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serbanescu, C.

Servol, M.

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard x-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sherman, N. K.

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal Response of Metals to Ultrashort-Pulse Laser Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(25), 2886–2889 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimomura, T.

Srinivasan-Rao, T.

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal Response of Metals to Ultrashort-Pulse Laser Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(25), 2886–2889 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugiyama, A.

Suzuki, M.

Sylla, F.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tafzi, A.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, T.

H. Kiriyama, M. Mori, Y. Nakai, T. Shimomura, H. Sasao, M. Tanoue, S. Kanazawa, D. Wakai, F. Sasao, H. Okada, I. Daito, M. Suzuki, S. Kondo, K. Kondo, A. Sugiyama, P. R. Bolton, A. Yokoyama, H. Daido, S. Kawanishi, T. Kimura, and T. Tajima, “High temporal and spatial quality petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1497–1499 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zhidkov, A. Sasaki, T. Utsumi, I. Fukumoto, T. Tajima, F. Saito, Y. Hironaka, K. G. Nakamura, K. Kondo, and M. Yoshida, “Prepulse effects on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with high-Z solids,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(55 Pt B), 7232–7240 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanoue, M.

Tatarakis, M.

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tcherbakoff, O.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thaury, C.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Toth, R.

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard x-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Umstadter, D.

Utsumi, T.

A. Zhidkov, A. Sasaki, T. Utsumi, I. Fukumoto, T. Tajima, F. Saito, Y. Hironaka, K. G. Nakamura, K. Kondo, and M. Yoshida, “Prepulse effects on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with high-Z solids,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(55 Pt B), 7232–7240 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Veltcheva, M.

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wakai, D.

Watanabe, S.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse-amplification lasers by clean high-energy seed-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148(1-3), 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Watts, I.

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Workman, J.

Yanovsky, V.

Yokoyama, A.

Yoshida, M.

A. Zhidkov, A. Sasaki, T. Utsumi, I. Fukumoto, T. Tajima, F. Saito, Y. Hironaka, K. G. Nakamura, K. Kondo, and M. Yoshida, “Prepulse effects on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with high-Z solids,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(55 Pt B), 7232–7240 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, Z. Jiang, J. C. Kieffer, and A. Krol, “Hard x-ray emission in high intensity femtosecond laser–target interaction,” Phys. Plasmas 6(4), 1318–1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zepf, M.

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, L.

G. Kulcsár, D. AlMawlawi, F. W. Budnik, P. R. Herman, M. Moskovits, L. Zhao, and R. S. Marjoribanks, “Intense picosecond X-Ray pulses from laser plasmas by use of nanostructured “Velvet” targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5149–5152 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhidkov, A.

A. Zhidkov, A. Sasaki, T. Utsumi, I. Fukumoto, T. Tajima, F. Saito, Y. Hironaka, K. G. Nakamura, K. Kondo, and M. Yoshida, “Prepulse effects on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with high-Z solids,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(55 Pt B), 7232–7240 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

K.-H. Hong, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, and G. A. Mourou, “Generation and measurement of >108 intensity contrast ratio in a relativistic kHz chirped-pulse amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. B 81(4), 447–457 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, and A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Phys.

C. Thaury, F. Quéré, J.-P. Geindre, A. Levy, T. Ceccotti, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, F. Réau, P. d’Oliveira, P. Audebert, R. Marjoribanks, and Ph. Martin, “Plasma mirrors for ultrahigh-intensity optics,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 424–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A

A. Flacco, T. Ceccotti, H. George, P. Monot, Ph. Martin, F. Réau, O. Tcherbakoff, P. d’Oliveira, F. Sylla, M. Veltcheva, F. Burgy, A. Tafzi, V. Malka, and D. Batani, “Comparative study of laser ion acceleration with different contrast enhancement techniques,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 620(1), 18–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. Itatani, J. Faure, M. Nantel, G. Mourou, and S. Watanabe, “Suppression of the amplified spontaneous emission in chirped-pulse-amplification lasers by clean high-energy seed-pulse injection,” Opt. Commun. 148(1-3), 70–74 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

H. Kiriyama, M. Mori, Y. Nakai, T. Shimomura, H. Sasao, M. Tanoue, S. Kanazawa, D. Wakai, F. Sasao, H. Okada, I. Daito, M. Suzuki, S. Kondo, K. Kondo, A. Sugiyama, P. R. Bolton, A. Yokoyama, H. Daido, S. Kawanishi, T. Kimura, and T. Tajima, “High temporal and spatial quality petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1497–1499 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. I. Petrov, O. Albert, J. Etchepare, and S. M. Saltiel, “Cross-polarized wave generation by effective cubic nonlinear optical interaction,” Opt. Lett. 26(6), 355–357 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, F. Augé-Rochereau, G. Chériaux, J.-P. Chambaret, P. d’Oliveira, T. Auguste, and F. Falcoz, “High-efficiency, simple setup for pulse cleaning at the millijoule level by nonlinear induced birefringence,” Opt. Lett. 29(18), 2184–2186 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, “Double chirped-pulse-amplification laser: a way to clean pulses temporally,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 923–925 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Chvykov, P. Rousseau, S. Reed, G. Kalinchenko, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation of 10(11) contrast 50 TW laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 31(10), 1456–1458 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lévy, T. Ceccotti, P. D’Oliveira, F. Réau, M. Perdrix, F. Quéré, P. Monot, M. Bougeard, H. Lagadec, P. Martin, J.-P. Geindre, and P. Audebert, “Double plasma mirror for ultrahigh temporal contrast ultraintense laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(3), 310–312 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Plasmas

T. Grismayer and P. Mora, “Influence of a finite initial ion density gradient on plasma expansion into a vacuum,” Phys. Plasmas 13(3), 032103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jiang, J. C. Kieffer, and A. Krol, “Hard x-ray emission in high intensity femtosecond laser–target interaction,” Phys. Plasmas 6(4), 1318–1322 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard x-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics

A. Zhidkov, A. Sasaki, T. Utsumi, I. Fukumoto, T. Tajima, F. Saito, Y. Hironaka, K. G. Nakamura, K. Kondo, and M. Yoshida, “Prepulse effects on the interaction of intense femtosecond laser pulses with high-Z solids,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(55 Pt B), 7232–7240 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

G. Kulcsár, D. AlMawlawi, F. W. Budnik, P. R. Herman, M. Moskovits, L. Zhao, and R. S. Marjoribanks, “Intense picosecond X-Ray pulses from laser plasmas by use of nanostructured “Velvet” targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(22), 5149–5152 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal Response of Metals to Ultrashort-Pulse Laser Excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61(25), 2886–2889 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. L. Clark, K. Krushelnick, J. R. Davies, M. Zepf, M. Tatarakis, F. N. Beg, A. Machacek, P. A. Norreys, M. I. Santala, I. Watts, and A. E. Dangor, “Measurements of energetic proton transport through magnetized plasma from intense laser interactions with solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(4), 670–673 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ceccotti, A. Lévy, H. Popescu, F. Réau, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, J. P. Geindre, E. Lefebvre, and Ph. Martin, “Proton acceleration with high-intensity ultrahigh-contrast laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 185002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE

S. Fourmaux, S. Buffechoux, B. Albertazzi, S. Gnedyuk, L. Lecherbourg, S. Payeur, P. Audebert, D. Houde, R. Marjoribanks, F. Martin, H. Pépin, J. Fuchs, and J. C. Kieffer, “Laser-based proton acceleration experiments at the ALLS facility using a 200 TW high intensity laser system,” Proc. SPIE 7750, 777500W (2010).

M. Kalashnikov, A. Andreev, and H. Schönnagel, “Limits of the temporal contrast for CPA lasers with beams of high aperture,” Proc. SPIE 7501, 750104, 750104-9 (2009).
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G. R. Plateau, N. H. Matlis, O. Albert, C. Tóth, C. G. R. Geddes, C. B. Schroeder, J. van Tilborg, E. Esarey, and W. P. Leemans, “Optimization of THz Radiation Generation from a Laser Wakefield Accelerator,” CP1086, Advanced Accelerator Concepts: 13th Workshop, edited by C. B. Schroeder, W. Leemans and E. Esarey, AIP 707–712 (2009).

Advanced Laser Light Source Annual Report 2005–2006, 75 (2006), http://lmn.emt.inrs.ca/EN/ALLS.htm .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sketch of the laser system. P.C. indicates the position in the laser system of the Pockels cells. Energy and pulse duration (FWHM) are indicated at each step.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental set-up for LPCR measurement of the laser system. The pre-pulses are measured at the back of a high reflectivity mirror located under vacuum inside the turning box; calibrated filters F and a set of photodiodes PD are used to this end. A high dynamic range third order cross-correlator is used to measure the laser pulse pedestal. A moving mirror MM is used to sample part of the beam. TFP1 and TFP2 are thin film polarizer, L/2 is a waveplate; BBO1 and BBO2 are BBO crystals, D1 and D2 are the delay lines, S is a slit to select the third harmonic beam, G a grating and PM the photo-multiplier detector. The arrows illustrate the laser beam propagation path, the 800 nm beam is figured in red, the 400 nm (second harmonic) in blue, and the 266 nm (third harmonic) in black.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized intensity (inverse of LPCR) using an extra saturable absorber after the first amplification stage for large delay before the laser pulse peak intensity up to 5.4 ns. The inset shows a magnification for the time interval ranging from −500 ps up to +100 ps. The spikes with value close to 10−13 (noted background on the graph) corresponds to the dynamic range of the measurement (one arm of the third-order cross-correlator is obstructed before the second BBO crystal).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measurement of the pre-pulses (without extra saturable absorber after the regenerative amplifier, see 4.). Two photodiodes are used to superpose the main amplified pulse attenuated (light grey), with a known calibration factor, by neutral density filters and the pre-pulses (dark grey) on the same temporal trace.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized intensity (inverse of LPCR) for large delay before the laser pulse peak intensity up to 5.4 ns. The inset shows a magnification for the time interval ranging from −500 ps up to +100 ps.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

X-ray source surface emission as a function of the laser energy, the empty circles corresponds to the standard LPCR and the full circles to the improved LPCR. Several shots are used for every measurements and the error bars are indicated.

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