Abstract

Noise evolution in an optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier (OPCPA) differs essentially from that of an optical parametric or a conventional laser amplifier, in that an incoherent pedestal is produced by superfluorescence that can overwhelm the signal under strong saturation. Using a model for the nonlinear dynamics consistent with quantum mechanics, we numerically study the evolution of excess noise in an OPCPA. The observed dynamics explain the macroscopic characteristics seen previously in experiments in the practically important saturation regime.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Witte, R. Th. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, “A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8168–8177 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Adachi, N. Ishii, T. Kanai, A. Kosuge, J. Itatani, Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, K. Torizuka, and S. Watanabe, “5-fs, Multi-mJ, CEP-locked parametric chirped-pulse amplifier pumped by a 450-nm source at 1 kHz,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14341–14352 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-three-cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2459–2461 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. X. Gu, G. Marcus, Y. Deng, T. Metzger, C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Generation of carrier-envelope-phase-stable 2-cycle 740-μJ pulses at 2.1-μm carrier wavelength,” Opt. Express 17(1), 62–69 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly stable ultrabroadband mid-IR optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier optimized for superfluorescence suppression,” Opt. Lett. 34(11), 1639–1641 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. O. D. Mücke, S. Ališauskas, A. J. Verhoef, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, V. Smilgevičius, J. Pocius, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and N. Forget, “Self-compression of millijoule 1.5 microm pulses,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2498–2500 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. W. Gaul, M. Martinez, J. Blakeney, A. Jochmann, M. Ringuette, D. Hammond, T. Borger, R. Escamilla, S. Douglas, W. Henderson, G. Dyer, A. Erlandson, R. Cross, J. Caird, C. Ebbers, and T. Ditmire, “Demonstration of a 1.1 petawatt laser based on a hybrid optical parametric chirped pulse amplification/mixed Nd:glass amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 49(9), 1676–1681 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, and K. B. Wharton, “Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters,” Nature 398(6727), 489–492 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(18), 732–734 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. Dorrer, “Analysis of pump-induced temporal contrast degradation in optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(12), 3048–3057 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. Forget, A. Cotel, E. Brambrink, P. Audebert, C. Le Blanc, A. Jullien, O. Albert, and G. Chériaux, “Pump-noise transfer in optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 30(21), 2921–2923 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 125–133 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, “High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 753–756 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” N. J. Phys. 8(10), 219 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. W. Gardner, Quantum Noise (Springer-Verlag, 1991).
  22. A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. Chwedeńczuk and W. Wasilewski, “Intensity of parametric fluorescence pumped by ultrashort pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063823 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. R. Graham, “Quantum statistics in optics,” in Solid State Physics (Springer-Verlag, 1973), Vol. 66, pp. 79–81.
  25. F. X. Kärtner, R. Schack, and A. Schenzle, “Consistent linearization for quasiprobabilities,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 917–925 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  26. F. X. Kaertner and P. Russer, “Generation of squeezed microwave states by a dc-pumped degenerate parametric Josephson junction oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 42(9), 5601–5612 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. F. X. Kärtner, T. Langer, Ch. Ginzel, and A. Schenzle, “Input-output analysis of nonlinear dissipative quantum systems in the Fokker-Planck approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3228–3241 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. P. D. Drummond, “Quantum optical tunneling: A representation-free theory valid near the state-equation turning points,” Phys. Rev. A 33(6), 4462–4464 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. P. Kinsler, “Testing quantum mechanics using third-order correlations,” Phys. Rev. A 53(4), 2000–2008 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Carrier-envelope phase stable, few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from visible to near IR,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B62–B69 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  31. C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033818 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  32. S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of Femtosecond Laser Pulses (American Institute of Physics, 1992).
  33. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, 2008).
  34. J. Moses, C. Manzoni, S.-W. Huang, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kaertner, “Temporal optimization of ultrabroadband high-energy OPCPA,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5540–5555 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (7)

X. Gu, G. Marcus, Y. Deng, T. Metzger, C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Generation of carrier-envelope-phase-stable 2-cycle 740-μJ pulses at 2.1-μm carrier wavelength,” Opt. Express 17(1), 62–69 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moses, C. Manzoni, S.-W. Huang, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kaertner, “Temporal optimization of ultrabroadband high-energy OPCPA,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5540–5555 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly stable ultrabroadband mid-IR optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier optimized for superfluorescence suppression,” Opt. Lett. 34(11), 1639–1641 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-three-cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2459–2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. D. Mücke, S. Ališauskas, A. J. Verhoef, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, V. Smilgevičius, J. Pocius, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and N. Forget, “Self-compression of millijoule 1.5 microm pulses,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2498–2500 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033818 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

S. Witte, R. Th. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, “A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8168–8177 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” N. J. Phys. 8(10), 219 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, “High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 753–756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Forget, A. Cotel, E. Brambrink, P. Audebert, C. Le Blanc, A. Jullien, O. Albert, and G. Chériaux, “Pump-noise transfer in optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 30(21), 2921–2923 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

T. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, and K. B. Wharton, “Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters,” Nature 398(6727), 489–492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

P. Kinsler, “Testing quantum mechanics using third-order correlations,” Phys. Rev. A 53(4), 2000–2008 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (3)

F. X. Kärtner, T. Langer, Ch. Ginzel, and A. Schenzle, “Input-output analysis of nonlinear dissipative quantum systems in the Fokker-Planck approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3228–3241 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, R. Schack, and A. Schenzle, “Consistent linearization for quasiprobabilities,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 917–925 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

F. X. Kaertner and P. Russer, “Generation of squeezed microwave states by a dc-pumped degenerate parametric Josephson junction oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 42(9), 5601–5612 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

P. D. Drummond, “Quantum optical tunneling: A representation-free theory valid near the state-equation turning points,” Phys. Rev. A 33(6), 4462–4464 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(18), 732–734 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

Albert, O.

Ališauskas, S.

Audebert, P.

Baltuska, A.

Baltuška, A.

Bao-Zhen, Z.

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barnett, S. M.

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Benedick, A.

Blakeney, J.

Bolger, J. A.

Borger, T.

Brambrink, E.

Brida, D.

C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033818 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Carrier-envelope phase stable, few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from visible to near IR,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B62–B69 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Butkus, R.

Byer, R. L.

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(18), 732–734 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J.

Campbell, E. M.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cerullo, G.

Cheng, W.

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chériaux, G.

Chwedenczuk, J.

J. Chwedeńczuk and W. Wasilewski, “Intensity of parametric fluorescence pumped by ultrashort pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cirmi, G.

C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033818 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Carrier-envelope phase stable, few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from visible to near IR,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B62–B69 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Collier, J. L.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cotel, A.

Cowan, T. E.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, and K. B. Wharton, “Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters,” Nature 398(6727), 489–492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cross, R.

Danielius, R.

De Silvestri, S.

C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033818 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Carrier-envelope phase stable, few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from visible to near IR,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B62–B69 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Y.

Dergachev, A.

Ditmire, T.

Ditmire, T. T.

T. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, and K. B. Wharton, “Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters,” Nature 398(6727), 489–492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

Douglas, S.

Drummond, P. D.

P. D. Drummond, “Quantum optical tunneling: A representation-free theory valid near the state-equation turning points,” Phys. Rev. A 33(6), 4462–4464 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dyer, G.

Ebbers, C.

Eggleton, B. J.

Eikema, K. S. E.

Erlandson, A.

Esarey, E.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Escamilla, R.

Falcão-Filho, E. L.

Faure, J.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Forget, N.

Fuji, T.

Gatti, A.

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gauduel, Y. A.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gaul, E. W.

Geddes, C. G. R.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Giniunas, L.

Ginzel, Ch.

F. X. Kärtner, T. Langer, Ch. Ginzel, and A. Schenzle, “Input-output analysis of nonlinear dissipative quantum systems in the Fokker-Planck approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3228–3241 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glauber, R.

F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Gonsalves, A. J.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

Haake, F.

F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hai-He, L.

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hammond, D.

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(18), 732–734 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Hatchett, S. P.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, J.

F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hays, G.

T. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, and K. B. Wharton, “Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters,” Nature 398(6727), 489–492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, W.

Henry, E. A.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, D.

Hogervorst, W.

Hong, K.-H.

Hooker, S. M.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hopf, F.

F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.-W.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Ishii, N.

Ishizuki, H.

Itatani, J.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jochmann, A.

Johnson, J.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jonusauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jullien, A.

Kaertner, F. X.

J. Moses, C. Manzoni, S.-W. Huang, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kaertner, “Temporal optimization of ultrabroadband high-energy OPCPA,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5540–5555 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kaertner and P. Russer, “Generation of squeezed microwave states by a dc-pumped degenerate parametric Josephson junction oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 42(9), 5601–5612 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanai, T.

Kärtner, F. X.

J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly stable ultrabroadband mid-IR optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier optimized for superfluorescence suppression,” Opt. Lett. 34(11), 1639–1641 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, T. Langer, Ch. Ginzel, and A. Schenzle, “Input-output analysis of nonlinear dissipative quantum systems in the Fokker-Planck approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3228–3241 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, R. Schack, and A. Schenzle, “Consistent linearization for quasiprobabilities,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 917–925 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Key, M. H.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

King, H.

F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kinsler, P.

P. Kinsler, “Testing quantum mechanics using third-order correlations,” Phys. Rev. A 53(4), 2000–2008 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, T.

Kobayashi, Y.

Kosuge, A.

Krausz, F.

X. Gu, G. Marcus, Y. Deng, T. Metzger, C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Generation of carrier-envelope-phase-stable 2-cycle 740-μJ pulses at 2.1-μm carrier wavelength,” Opt. Express 17(1), 62–69 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-three-cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2459–2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” N. J. Phys. 8(10), 219 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, “High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 753–756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Langdon, A. B.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langer, T.

F. X. Kärtner, T. Langer, Ch. Ginzel, and A. Schenzle, “Input-output analysis of nonlinear dissipative quantum systems in the Fokker-Planck approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3228–3241 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langley, A. J.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lasinski, B. F.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Blanc, C.

Leemans, W. P.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lefebvre, E.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lugiato, L. A.

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

MacKinnon, A.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malka, V.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Manzoni, C.

Marcinkevicius, A.

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” N. J. Phys. 8(10), 219 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, “High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 753–756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marcus, G.

Martinez, M.

Marzoli, I.

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matousek, P.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Metzger, T.

Moses, J.

Mücke, O. D.

Nagler, B.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, K.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Offenberger, A.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oppo, G.-L.

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oshman, M. K.

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(18), 732–734 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Pennington, D. M.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perry, M. D.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pervak, V.

Phillips, T. W.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phuoc, K. T.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pocius, J.

Pugžlys, A.

Ringuette, M.

Ross, I. N.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roth, M.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rousse, A.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Russer, P.

F. X. Kaertner and P. Russer, “Generation of squeezed microwave states by a dc-pumped degenerate parametric Josephson junction oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 42(9), 5601–5612 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sangster, T. C.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schack, R.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Schack, and A. Schenzle, “Consistent linearization for quasiprobabilities,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 917–925 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schenzle, A.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Schack, and A. Schenzle, “Consistent linearization for quasiprobabilities,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 917–925 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, T. Langer, Ch. Ginzel, and A. Schenzle, “Input-output analysis of nonlinear dissipative quantum systems in the Fokker-Planck approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3228–3241 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmid, K.

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-three-cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2459–2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, “High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 753–756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, G.

F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, C. B.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Singh, M. S.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smilgevicius, V.

Snavely, R. A.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stoyer, M. A.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taira, T.

Tautz, R.

Tavella, F.

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-three-cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2459–2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” N. J. Phys. 8(10), 219 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, “High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 753–756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Teisset, C.

Torizuka, K.

Tóth, C.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Towrie, M.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ubachs, W.

Veisz, L.

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-three-cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2459–2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, “High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 753–756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Verhoef, A. J.

Wasilewski, W.

J. Chwedeńczuk and W. Wasilewski, “Intensity of parametric fluorescence pumped by ultrashort pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

Wharton, K. B.

T. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, and K. B. Wharton, “Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters,” Nature 398(6727), 489–492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wiedemann, H.

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wilks, S. C.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Witte, S.

Wolf, A. L.

Xiao-Yan, L.

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yanovsky, V. P.

T. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, and K. B. Wharton, “Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters,” Nature 398(6727), 489–492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yasuike, K.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yong-Liang, J.

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoshitomi, D.

Yu-Xin, L.

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhi-Zhan, X.

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zinkstok, R. Th.

Zweiback, J.

T. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, and K. B. Wharton, “Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters,” Nature 398(6727), 489–492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, “High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 753–756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

F. X. Kärtner, R. Schack, and A. Schenzle, “Consistent linearization for quasiprobabilities,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 917–925 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

N. J. Phys. (1)

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” N. J. Phys. 8(10), 219 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (2)

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

T. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, and K. B. Wharton, “Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters,” Nature 398(6727), 489–492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (7)

C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033818 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Chwedeńczuk and W. Wasilewski, “Intensity of parametric fluorescence pumped by ultrashort pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kaertner and P. Russer, “Generation of squeezed microwave states by a dc-pumped degenerate parametric Josephson junction oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 42(9), 5601–5612 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, T. Langer, Ch. Ginzel, and A. Schenzle, “Input-output analysis of nonlinear dissipative quantum systems in the Fokker-Planck approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3228–3241 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. D. Drummond, “Quantum optical tunneling: A representation-free theory valid near the state-equation turning points,” Phys. Rev. A 33(6), 4462–4464 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kinsler, “Testing quantum mechanics using third-order correlations,” Phys. Rev. A 53(4), 2000–2008 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(18), 732–734 (1967).
[CrossRef]

F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

R. Graham, “Quantum statistics in optics,” in Solid State Physics (Springer-Verlag, 1973), Vol. 66, pp. 79–81.

C. W. Gardner, Quantum Noise (Springer-Verlag, 1991).

S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of Femtosecond Laser Pulses (American Institute of Physics, 1992).

Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, 2008).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) (a) Schematic representation of the deterministic part (arrow) and 50 stochastic components (circles) of a field mode. (b) Initial signal field distribution (scatter), evaluated at three modes of frequency ωm, experiencing respectively the highest gain G0, G0/2 and G0/10 and separated by a phase shift imparted by the chirp. (c) Depiction of the same modes after amplification and (d) after compression; pedestal fields deduced after subtracting the deterministic components are indicated in the dashed circle. All data refer to configuration II. Panels (a) and (b) are magnified 500 times with respect to (c) and (d).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) WD map of a signal field from configuration II, evaluated before (a) and after (b) compression.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Evolution of energy mean and standard deviation for signal and idler; the energy growth of the pedestal mean is also given. In the case of configuration II we indicate the coordinate at which the pump peak is fully depleted (see inset). Trends calculated for configuration III (not shown) are comparable to the ones of configuration II.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) (a) Evolution of SNR and SPR for the three configurations of Table 1. (b) Temporal profiles of the signal pulses after compression, each normalized to its peak.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Key Parameter for Three OPCPA Configurations a

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E i ( z , t ) = 1 / 2 { A i ( z , t ) exp [ j ( ω i t k i z ) ] + c .c . } = { A i ( z , t ) exp [ j ( ω i t k i z ) ] }
2 E z 2 μ 0 2 D L t 2 = μ 0 2 P N L t 2
2 E ˜ z 2 + Ω 2 n ( Ω ) 2 c 0 2 E ˜ = μ 0 Ω 2 P ˜ N L
2 A ˜ 1 z 2 j 2 k 1 A ˜ 1 z + b 1 2 A ˜ 1 = c 1 e j Δ k z 2 A ˜ 2 z 2 j 2 k 2 A ˜ 2 z + b 2 2 A ˜ 2 = c 2 e j Δ k z 2 A ˜ 3 z 2 j 2 k 3 A ˜ 3 z + b 3 2 A ˜ 3 = c 3 e + j Δ k z
b i 2 = k i 2 + k ˜ i 2 ,   with   k ˜ i = ( ω + ω i ) n i ( ω + ω i ) c 0
c 1 = ( ω + ω 1 c 0 ) 2 d eff F { A 3 A 2 * } , c 2 = ( ω + ω 2 c 0 ) 2 d eff F { A 3 A 1 * } , c 3 = ( ω + ω 3 c 0 ) 2 d eff F { A 1 A 2 }
A ˜ 1 ( z + Δ z , ω ) [ A ˜ 1 ( z , ω ) + c 1 γ 1 ] exp [ j ( k 1 k ˜ 1 ) Δ z ] c 1 γ 1 exp [ j Δ k Δ z ] A ˜ 2 ( z + Δ z , ω ) [ A ˜ 2 ( z , ω ) + c 2 γ 2 ] exp [ j ( k 2 k ˜ 2 ) Δ z ] c 2 γ 2 exp [ j Δ k Δ z ] A ˜ 3 ( z + Δ z , ω ) [ A ˜ 3 ( z , ω ) + c 3 γ 3 ]   exp [ j ( k 3 k ˜ 3 ) Δ z ] c 3 γ 3 exp [ + j Δ k Δ z ]
I m ( z ) = | A m ( z ) | 2 | n m | 2
[ Δ I m ( z ) ] 2 = ( Δ | A m ( z ) | 2 ) 2 | n m | 2 2
E ( z ) = m I m ( z ) Δ ω m
[ Δ E ( z ) ] 2 = ( E ( z ) E ( z ) ) 2

Metrics