Abstract

We report a novel real-time homodyne coherent receiver based on a DPSK optical-electrical-optical (OEO) regenerator used to extract a carrier from carrier-less phase modulated signals based on feed-forward based modulation stripping. The performance of this non-DSP based coherent receiver was evaluated for 10.66Gbit/s BPSK signals. Self-homodyne coherent detection and homodyne detection with an injection-locked local oscillator laser was demonstrated. The performance was evaluated by measuring the electrical signal-to-noise (SNR) and recording the eye diagrams. Using injection-locking for the LO improves the performance and enables homodyne detection with optical injection-locking to operate with carrier-less BPSK signals without the need for polarization multiplexed pilot-tones.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. M. G. Taylor, “Coherent detection method using DSP for demodulation of signal and subsequent equalization of propagation impairments,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 674–676 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Kikuchi, “Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 563–570 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. G. Kazovsky, G. Kalogerakis, and W.-T. Shaw, “Homodyne phase-shift-keying systems: past challenges and future opportunities,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4876–4884 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. M. Kahn, “BPSK homodyne detection experiment using balanced optical phase-locked loop with quantized feedback,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2(11), 840–843 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. J. Fice, and A. J. Seeds, “Frequency-selective homodyne coherent receiver with an optical injection phase lock loop,” Proc. OFC 2008, OWT1 (2008).
  6. M. J. Fice, A. J. Seeds, B. J. Pugh, J. M. Heaton, and S. J. Clements, “Homodyne coherent receiver with phase locking to orthogonal-polarisation pilot carrier by optical injection phase lock loop,” Proc. OFC 2009, OTuG1 (2009).
  7. M. Nakazawa, S. Okamoto, T. Omiya, K. Kasai, and M. Yoshida, “256 QAM (64 Gbit/s) coherent optical transmission over 160 km with an optical bandwidth of 5.4 GHz,” Proc. OFC 2010, OMJ5 (2010).
  8. O. Lidoyne, P. Gallion, and D. Erasme, “Analysis of a homodyne receiver using an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(5), 659–665 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Chiuchiarelli, M. J. Fice, E. Ciaramella, and A. J. Seeds, “Effective homodyne optical phase locking to PSK signal by means of 8b10b line coding,” Opt. Express 19(3), 1707–1712 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. OIF, “100G Ultra Long Haul DWDM Framework Document” (2009), www.oiforum.com .
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    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, “QPSK homodyne detection using a pilot carrier for multi-bit-per-symbol transmission,” Proc. CLEO 2005, CWO2 (2005).
  13. M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 91–93 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Banchi, M. Presi, R. Proietti, and E. Ciaramella, “Self-Homodyne 10 Gbit/s PSK receiver based on stimulated Brillouin amplification and electrical filtering,” Proc. OFC 2010, OWW2 (2010).
  15. I. Kim, K. Croussore, X. Li, and G. Li, “All-optical carrier synchronization using a phase-sensitive oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 987–989 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, S. K. Ibrahim, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, J. O'Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “Generation of frequency symmetric signals from a BPSK input for phase sensitive amplification,” Proc. OFC 2010, OWT6 (2010).
  17. S. K. Ibrahim, S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, and A. D. Ellis, “Novel carrier extraction scheme for phase modulated signals using feed-forward based modulation stripping,” Proc. ECOC 2010, We7.A4 (2010).
  18. J. Pezeshki, M. Saylors, H. Mandelberg, and J. Goldhar, “Generation of a CW local oscillator signal using a stabilized injection locked semiconductor laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(5), 588–599 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

I. Kim, K. Croussore, X. Li, and G. Li, “All-optical carrier synchronization using a phase-sensitive oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 987–989 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

L. G. Kazovsky, G. Kalogerakis, and W.-T. Shaw, “Homodyne phase-shift-keying systems: past challenges and future opportunities,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4876–4884 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Kikuchi, “Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 563–570 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “PSK self-homodyne detection using a pilot carrier for multibit/symbol transmission with inverse-RZ signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1334–1336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. G. Taylor, “Coherent detection method using DSP for demodulation of signal and subsequent equalization of propagation impairments,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 674–676 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

O. Lidoyne, P. Gallion, and D. Erasme, “Analysis of a homodyne receiver using an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(5), 659–665 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

J. M. Kahn, “BPSK homodyne detection experiment using balanced optical phase-locked loop with quantized feedback,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2(11), 840–843 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chiuchiarelli, A.

Ciaramella, E.

Croussore, K.

I. Kim, K. Croussore, X. Li, and G. Li, “All-optical carrier synchronization using a phase-sensitive oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 987–989 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Erasme, D.

O. Lidoyne, P. Gallion, and D. Erasme, “Analysis of a homodyne receiver using an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(5), 659–665 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fice, M. J.

Gallion, P.

O. Lidoyne, P. Gallion, and D. Erasme, “Analysis of a homodyne receiver using an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(5), 659–665 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Goldhar, J.

Johannisson, P.

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, J. M.

J. M. Kahn, “BPSK homodyne detection experiment using balanced optical phase-locked loop with quantized feedback,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2(11), 840–843 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kalogerakis, G.

Karlsson, M.

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kikuchi, K.

K. Kikuchi, “Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 563–570 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I.

I. Kim, K. Croussore, X. Li, and G. Li, “All-optical carrier synchronization using a phase-sensitive oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 987–989 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, F.

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “PSK self-homodyne detection using a pilot carrier for multibit/symbol transmission with inverse-RZ signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1334–1336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

I. Kim, K. Croussore, X. Li, and G. Li, “All-optical carrier synchronization using a phase-sensitive oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 987–989 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

I. Kim, K. Croussore, X. Li, and G. Li, “All-optical carrier synchronization using a phase-sensitive oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 987–989 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lidoyne, O.

O. Lidoyne, P. Gallion, and D. Erasme, “Analysis of a homodyne receiver using an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(5), 659–665 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mandelberg, H.

Miyazaki, T.

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “PSK self-homodyne detection using a pilot carrier for multibit/symbol transmission with inverse-RZ signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1334–1336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pezeshki, J.

Saylors, M.

Seeds, A. J.

Shaw, W.-T.

Sjödin, M.

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, M. G.

M. G. Taylor, “Coherent detection method using DSP for demodulation of signal and subsequent equalization of propagation impairments,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 674–676 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Kikuchi, “Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 563–570 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

I. Kim, K. Croussore, X. Li, and G. Li, “All-optical carrier synchronization using a phase-sensitive oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 987–989 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “PSK self-homodyne detection using a pilot carrier for multibit/symbol transmission with inverse-RZ signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(6), 1334–1336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, M. Karlsson, Z. Tong, and P. A. Andrekson, “OSNR requirements for self-homodyne coherent systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 91–93 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Kahn, “BPSK homodyne detection experiment using balanced optical phase-locked loop with quantized feedback,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2(11), 840–843 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Taylor, “Coherent detection method using DSP for demodulation of signal and subsequent equalization of propagation impairments,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 674–676 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (8)

OIF, “100G Ultra Long Haul DWDM Framework Document” (2009), www.oiforum.com .

R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, S. K. Ibrahim, R. Phelan, J. O’Carroll, B. Kelly, J. O'Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “Generation of frequency symmetric signals from a BPSK input for phase sensitive amplification,” Proc. OFC 2010, OWT6 (2010).

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, and A. D. Ellis, “Novel carrier extraction scheme for phase modulated signals using feed-forward based modulation stripping,” Proc. ECOC 2010, We7.A4 (2010).

M. J. Fice, and A. J. Seeds, “Frequency-selective homodyne coherent receiver with an optical injection phase lock loop,” Proc. OFC 2008, OWT1 (2008).

M. J. Fice, A. J. Seeds, B. J. Pugh, J. M. Heaton, and S. J. Clements, “Homodyne coherent receiver with phase locking to orthogonal-polarisation pilot carrier by optical injection phase lock loop,” Proc. OFC 2009, OTuG1 (2009).

M. Nakazawa, S. Okamoto, T. Omiya, K. Kasai, and M. Yoshida, “256 QAM (64 Gbit/s) coherent optical transmission over 160 km with an optical bandwidth of 5.4 GHz,” Proc. OFC 2010, OMJ5 (2010).

L. Banchi, M. Presi, R. Proietti, and E. Ciaramella, “Self-Homodyne 10 Gbit/s PSK receiver based on stimulated Brillouin amplification and electrical filtering,” Proc. OFC 2010, OWW2 (2010).

T. Miyazaki, and F. Kubota, “QPSK homodyne detection using a pilot carrier for multi-bit-per-symbol transmission,” Proc. CLEO 2005, CWO2 (2005).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a BPSK pre-amplified coherent system based on carrier extraction with and without an IL laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of a BPSK carrier extraction system. Eye diagrams from left to right are: received BPSK signal, demodulated BPSK, differentially encoded, and extracted carrier.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectrum of received (D)PSK signal, extracted carrier and injection-locked laser (left). Measured self-heterodyned linewidth for the LO versus OSNR (right).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Eye-diagrams of a 10.66Gbit/s for the detected signal measured at a receiver power of −32dBm, −34dBm, −36dBm, −38dBm, −40dBm, −42dBm and −44dBm for self-homodyne detection without IL (top) and homodyne detection with IL (bottom).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured electrical SNR versus received power (left). BER versus received power for homodyne detection with IL using electrical differential decoding (right).

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