Abstract

The feasibility and performance of the pyramid wavefront sensor without modulation used in closed-loop adaptive optics system is investigated in this paper. The theory concepts and some simulation results are given to describe the detection trend and the linearity range of such a sensor with the aim to better understand its properties, and then a laboratory setup of the adaptive optics system based on this sensor and the liquid-crystal spatial light modulator is built. The correction results for the individual Zernike aberrations and the Kolmogorov phase screens are presented to demonstrate that the pyramid wavefront sensor without modulation can work as expected for closed-loop adaptive optics system.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. R. Ragazzoni, “Pupil plane wavefront sensing with an oscillating prism,” J. Mod. Opt. 43(2), 289–293 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic wave front sensor in closed loop adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 350, 23–26 (1999).
  3. T. Y. Chew, R. M. Clare, and R. G. Lane, “A comparison of the Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wavefront sensors,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 189–195 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218, 627218-6 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory ground-layer adaptive optics experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X, 62724X-12 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Esposito, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Tozzi, and P. Stefanini, “Pyramid sensor for segmented mirror alignment,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2572–2574 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Burvall, E. Daly, S. R. Chamot, and C. Dainty, “Linearity of the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11925–11934 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-25-11925 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. Vérinaud, “On the nature of the measurements provided by a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Opt. Commun. 233(1-3), 27–38 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. B. Costa, “Modulation effect of the atmosphere in a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Appl. Opt. 44(1), 60–66 (2005).
    [PubMed]
  13. R. Ragazzoni, E. Diolaiti, and E. Vernet, “A pyramid wavefront sensor with no dynamic modulation,” Opt. Commun. 208(1-3), 51–60 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. LeDue, L. Jolissaint, J.-P. Véran, and C. Bradley, “Calibration and testing with real turbulence of a pyramid sensor employing static modulation,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7186–7195 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-9-7186 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. V. Korkiakoski, C. Vérinaud, M. Le Louarn, and R. Conan, “Comparison between a model-based and a conventional pyramid sensor reconstructor,” Appl. Opt. 46(24), 6176–6184 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. J. Noll, “Zernike polynomials and atmospheric turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66(3), 207–211 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. B. Costa, “Development of a new infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” PhD thesis, Ruperto-Carola University of Heidelberg, Germany (2005).

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (5)

A. Burvall, E. Daly, S. R. Chamot, and C. Dainty, “Linearity of the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11925–11934 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-25-11925 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Y. Chew, R. M. Clare, and R. G. Lane, “A comparison of the Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wavefront sensors,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 189–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218, 627218-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory ground-layer adaptive optics experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X, 62724X-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

C. Vérinaud, “On the nature of the measurements provided by a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Opt. Commun. 233(1-3), 27–38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

R. Ragazzoni, E. Diolaiti, and E. Vernet, “A pyramid wavefront sensor with no dynamic modulation,” Opt. Commun. 208(1-3), 51–60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic wave front sensor in closed loop adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 350, 23–26 (1999).

1996 (1)

R. Ragazzoni, “Pupil plane wavefront sensing with an oscillating prism,” J. Mod. Opt. 43(2), 289–293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

Aceituno, J.

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218, 627218-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arcidiacono, C.

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory ground-layer adaptive optics experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X, 62724X-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baruffolo, A.

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, C.

Burvall, A.

Busoni, L.

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Busoni, S.

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carbillet, M.

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chamot, S. R.

Chew, T. Y.

T. Y. Chew, R. M. Clare, and R. G. Lane, “A comparison of the Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wavefront sensors,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 189–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Clare, R. M.

T. Y. Chew, R. M. Clare, and R. G. Lane, “A comparison of the Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wavefront sensors,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 189–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Conan, R.

Costa, J. B.

J. B. Costa, “Modulation effect of the atmosphere in a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Appl. Opt. 44(1), 60–66 (2005).
[PubMed]

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Crimi, G.

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dainty, C.

Daly, E.

Diolaiti, E.

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory ground-layer adaptive optics experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X, 62724X-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, E. Diolaiti, and E. Vernet, “A pyramid wavefront sensor with no dynamic modulation,” Opt. Commun. 208(1-3), 51–60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Egner, S. E.

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory ground-layer adaptive optics experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X, 62724X-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Esposito, S.

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Esposito, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Tozzi, and P. Stefanini, “Pyramid sensor for segmented mirror alignment,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2572–2574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Farinato, J.

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory ground-layer adaptive optics experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X, 62724X-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic wave front sensor in closed loop adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 350, 23–26 (1999).

Feldt, M.

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218, 627218-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaessler, W.

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory ground-layer adaptive optics experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X, 62724X-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ghedina, A.

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ghigo, M.

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Goto, M.

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218, 627218-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Henning, Th.

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218, 627218-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Herbst, T. M.

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory ground-layer adaptive optics experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X, 62724X-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hippler, S.

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218, 627218-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jolissaint, L.

Korkiakoski, V.

Lane, R. G.

T. Y. Chew, R. M. Clare, and R. G. Lane, “A comparison of the Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wavefront sensors,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 189–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Le Louarn, M.

LeDue, J.

LeRoux, B.

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory ground-layer adaptive optics experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X, 62724X-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marchetti, E.

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Niero, T.

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Noll, R. J.

Peter, D.

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218, 627218-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pieralli, F.

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pinna, E.

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Esposito, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Tozzi, and P. Stefanini, “Pyramid sensor for segmented mirror alignment,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2572–2574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Puga, E.

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Puglisi, A.

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Esposito, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Tozzi, and P. Stefanini, “Pyramid sensor for segmented mirror alignment,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2572–2574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ragazzoni, R.

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory ground-layer adaptive optics experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X, 62724X-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, E. Diolaiti, and E. Vernet, “A pyramid wavefront sensor with no dynamic modulation,” Opt. Commun. 208(1-3), 51–60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic wave front sensor in closed loop adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 350, 23–26 (1999).

R. Ragazzoni, “Pupil plane wavefront sensing with an oscillating prism,” J. Mod. Opt. 43(2), 289–293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Richardi, A.

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stefanini, P.

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Esposito, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Tozzi, and P. Stefanini, “Pyramid sensor for segmented mirror alignment,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2572–2574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tozzi, A.

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Esposito, E. Pinna, A. Puglisi, A. Tozzi, and P. Stefanini, “Pyramid sensor for segmented mirror alignment,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2572–2574 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Véran, J.-P.

Verinaud, C.

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vérinaud, C.

Vernet, E.

R. Ragazzoni, E. Diolaiti, and E. Vernet, “A pyramid wavefront sensor with no dynamic modulation,” Opt. Commun. 208(1-3), 51–60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xompero, M.

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zanotti, D.

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

R. Ragazzoni and J. Farinato, “Sensitivity of a pyramidic wave front sensor in closed loop adaptive optics,” Astron. Astrophys. 350, 23–26 (1999).

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

R. Ragazzoni, “Pupil plane wavefront sensing with an oscillating prism,” J. Mod. Opt. 43(2), 289–293 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Commun. (3)

R. Ragazzoni, E. Diolaiti, and E. Vernet, “A pyramid wavefront sensor with no dynamic modulation,” Opt. Commun. 208(1-3), 51–60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Vérinaud, “On the nature of the measurements provided by a pyramid wave-front sensor,” Opt. Commun. 233(1-3), 27–38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Chew, R. M. Clare, and R. G. Lane, “A comparison of the Shack-Hartmann and pyramid wavefront sensors,” Opt. Commun. 268(2), 189–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (5)

J. B. Costa, R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, M. Carbillet, C. Verinaud, M. Feldt, S. Esposito, E. Puga, and J. Farinato, “Is there need of modulation in the pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 4839, 288–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ragazzoni, A. Ghedina, A. Baruffolo, E. Marchetti, J. Farinato, T. Niero, G. Crimi, and M. Ghigo, “Testing the pyramid wavefront sensor on the sky,” Proc. SPIE 4007, 423–430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Esposito, A. Tozzi, A. Puglisi, E. Pinna, A. Richardi, S. Busoni, L. Busoni, P. Stefanini, M. Xompero, D. Zanotti, and F. Pieralli, “First light AO system for LBT: toward on-sky operation,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720A, 62720A-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Feldt, D. Peter, S. Hippler, Th. Henning, J. Aceituno, and M. Goto, “PYRAMIR: first on-sky results from an infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 627218, 627218-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Egner, W. Gaessler, R. Ragazzoni, B. LeRoux, T. M. Herbst, J. Farinato, E. Diolaiti, and C. Arcidiacono, “MANU-CHAO: a laboratory ground-layer adaptive optics experiment,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62724X, 62724X-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. B. Costa, “Development of a new infrared pyramid wavefront sensor,” PhD thesis, Ruperto-Carola University of Heidelberg, Germany (2005).

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Figures (21)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the modal for the PWFS without modulation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Results of the Z3 Zernike polynomial.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Results of the Z10 Zernike polynomial.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Results of the Kolmogorov phase screen (D/r0 = 12).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Results of the Z4 Zernike polynomial

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Results of the Z5 Zernike polynomial.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Results of the Z6 Zernike polynomial.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Results of the Z7 Zernike polynomial.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Results of the Z8 Zernike polynomial.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Results of the Z9 Zernike polynomial.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

The reconstructed amplitude of the Z3 polynomial for the four different reconstruction matrix (the continuous line, the dashed line, the dash-dot line and the dotted line correspond to calibration amplitude 0.5 0.2 0.1 and 0.05 respectively).

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

The reconstructed amplitude for an aberration formed by Z3 with amplitude 0.06 and Z43 with amplitude 0.02 (a, b, c and d correspond to the four different reconstruction matrix with calibration amplitude 0.05. 0.1 0.2 and 0.5 respectively).

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Optical layout of the system based on the PWFS without modulation and the LC SLM.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Plots of the RMS and SR for defocus, astigmatism and coma aberration.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Plot of the RMS and SR for the turbulence phase-screen (D/r0 = 40, without global slope); the initial and corrected wavefront and far-field images.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Plot of the RMS and SR for the turbulence phase-screen (D/r0 = 80, without global slope); the initial and corrected wavefront and far-field images.

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Plot of the RMS with the number of iteration (calibration amplitude is 0.1λ, the random adding phase perturbation to each of the loop iteration has the RMS about 0.1λ).

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

Plot of the RMS with the number of iteration (calibration amplitude is 0.1λ, the random adding phase perturbation to each of the loop iteration has the RMS about 0.15λ).

Fig. 19
Fig. 19

Plot of the RMS with the number of iteration (calibration amplitude is 0.3λ, the random adding phase perturbation to each of the loop iteration has the RMS about 0.1λ).

Fig. 20
Fig. 20

Plot of the RMS with the number of iteration (calibration amplitude is 0.3λ, the random adding phase perturbation to each of the loop iteration has the RMS about 0.15λ).

Fig. 21
Fig. 21

Plot of the RMS with the number of iteration (calibration amplitude is 0.1λ, the random adding phase perturbation to each of the loop iteration has the RMS about 0.15λ).

Equations (3)

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S x ( x , y ) = I 1 ( x , y ) + I 4 ( x , y ) I 2 ( x , y ) I 3 ( x , y ) I 1 ( x , y ) + I 2 ( x , y ) + I 3 ( x , y ) + I 4 ( x , y )
S y ( x , y ) = I 1 ( x , y ) + I 2 ( x , y ) I 3 ( x , y ) I 4 ( x , y ) I 1 ( x , y ) + I 2 ( x , y ) + I 3 ( x , y ) + I 4 ( x , y )
S x ( x , y ) = 1 π B ( y ) B ( y ) p . v . sin ( ϕ ( x , y ) ϕ ( x , y ) ) x x d x

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