Abstract

A novel all-fiber laser based on a highly GeO2-doped dispersion-shifted Tm-codoped fiber, pumped at 1.56 µm wavelength and lasing at 1.862 µm wavelength with a slope efficiency up to 37% was demonstrated. The single-mode Tm-doped fiber with the 55GeO2-45SiO2 core was fabricated for the first time by MCVD technique. The laser produces spectral side bands, resulting from the four-wave mixing owing to the shift of the zero-dispersion-wavelength of the fiber to the laser wavelength, thus, making it potentially particularly attractive for dispersion management and ultrashort pulse generation.

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  1. Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. E. Digonet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2001).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2010 (2)

2008 (2)

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” N. J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Sun, G. Kai, Zh. Wang, Sh. Yuan, and X. Dong, “Enhanced nonlinearity in photonic crystal fiber by germanium doping in the core region,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 6(2), 93–95 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, and A. Apolonski, “Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators: theory and comparison with experiment,” N. J. Phys. 7, 217 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

1998 (1)

1993 (1)

J. Wang, J. R. Lincoln, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Deol, C. J. Mackechnie, A. Pearson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and optical properties of lead-germanate glasses and a new class of optical fibres doped with Tm3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8066–8075 (1993).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

1976 (1)

H. Osanai, T. Shioda, T. Moriyama, S. Araki, M. Horiguchi, T. Izawa, and H. Takata, “Effect of dopants on transmission loss of low-oh-content optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 12(21), 549–550 (1976).
[Crossref]

Apolonski, A.

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, and A. Apolonski, “Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators: theory and comparison with experiment,” N. J. Phys. 7, 217 (2005).
[Crossref]

Araki, S.

H. Osanai, T. Shioda, T. Moriyama, S. Araki, M. Horiguchi, T. Izawa, and H. Takata, “Effect of dopants on transmission loss of low-oh-content optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 12(21), 549–550 (1976).
[Crossref]

Biegert, J.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Brocklesby, W. S.

J. Wang, J. R. Lincoln, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Deol, C. J. Mackechnie, A. Pearson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and optical properties of lead-germanate glasses and a new class of optical fibres doped with Tm3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8066–8075 (1993).
[Crossref]

Buckley, J.

Bufetov, I. A.

Chernykh, A.

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, and A. Apolonski, “Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators: theory and comparison with experiment,” N. J. Phys. 7, 217 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chong, A.

De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Deng, Y.

Deol, R. S.

J. Wang, J. R. Lincoln, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Deol, C. J. Mackechnie, A. Pearson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and optical properties of lead-germanate glasses and a new class of optical fibres doped with Tm3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8066–8075 (1993).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

Dong, X.

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Fernandez, A.

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, and A. Apolonski, “Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators: theory and comparison with experiment,” N. J. Phys. 7, 217 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gosteva, A.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Graf, R.

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, and A. Apolonski, “Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators: theory and comparison with experiment,” N. J. Phys. 7, 217 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guelachvili, G.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” N. J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A. N.

Hanna, D. C.

J. Wang, J. R. Lincoln, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Deol, C. J. Mackechnie, A. Pearson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and optical properties of lead-germanate glasses and a new class of optical fibres doped with Tm3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8066–8075 (1993).
[Crossref]

Horiguchi, M.

H. Osanai, T. Shioda, T. Moriyama, S. Araki, M. Horiguchi, T. Izawa, and H. Takata, “Effect of dopants on transmission loss of low-oh-content optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 12(21), 549–550 (1976).
[Crossref]

Izawa, T.

H. Osanai, T. Shioda, T. Moriyama, S. Araki, M. Horiguchi, T. Izawa, and H. Takata, “Effect of dopants on transmission loss of low-oh-content optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 12(21), 549–550 (1976).
[Crossref]

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, “Midinfrared holmium fiber lasers,” IEEE J.Quantum Electronics 42(2), 187–191 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson and T. A. King, “High-power diode-cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 23(18), 1462–1464 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

Kafka, J. D.

Kai, G.

Kalashnikov, V. L.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” N. J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, and A. Apolonski, “Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators: theory and comparison with experiment,” N. J. Phys. 7, 217 (2005).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Khopin, V. F.

Kieu, K.

King, T. A.

Kurkov, A. S.

Lefrançois, S.

Lincoln, J. R.

J. Wang, J. R. Lincoln, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Deol, C. J. Mackechnie, A. Pearson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and optical properties of lead-germanate glasses and a new class of optical fibres doped with Tm3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8066–8075 (1993).
[Crossref]

Mackechnie, C. J.

J. Wang, J. R. Lincoln, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Deol, C. J. Mackechnie, A. Pearson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and optical properties of lead-germanate glasses and a new class of optical fibres doped with Tm3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8066–8075 (1993).
[Crossref]

Mandon, J.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” N. J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
[Crossref]

Marakulin, A. V.

Mashinsky, V. M.

Medvedkov, O. I.

Moriyama, T.

H. Osanai, T. Shioda, T. Moriyama, S. Araki, M. Horiguchi, T. Izawa, and H. Takata, “Effect of dopants on transmission loss of low-oh-content optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 12(21), 549–550 (1976).
[Crossref]

Naumov, S.

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, and A. Apolonski, “Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators: theory and comparison with experiment,” N. J. Phys. 7, 217 (2005).
[Crossref]

Neustruev, V. B.

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Osanai, H.

H. Osanai, T. Shioda, T. Moriyama, S. Araki, M. Horiguchi, T. Izawa, and H. Takata, “Effect of dopants on transmission loss of low-oh-content optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 12(21), 549–550 (1976).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

J. Wang, J. R. Lincoln, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Deol, C. J. Mackechnie, A. Pearson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and optical properties of lead-germanate glasses and a new class of optical fibres doped with Tm3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8066–8075 (1993).
[Crossref]

Pearson, A.

J. Wang, J. R. Lincoln, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Deol, C. J. Mackechnie, A. Pearson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and optical properties of lead-germanate glasses and a new class of optical fibres doped with Tm3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8066–8075 (1993).
[Crossref]

Picqué, N.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” N. J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
[Crossref]

Podivilov, E.

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, and A. Apolonski, “Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators: theory and comparison with experiment,” N. J. Phys. 7, 217 (2005).
[Crossref]

Renninger, W.

Ristau, D.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Salgansky, M. Yu.

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schenkel, B.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shioda, T.

H. Osanai, T. Shioda, T. Moriyama, S. Araki, M. Horiguchi, T. Izawa, and H. Takata, “Effect of dopants on transmission loss of low-oh-content optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 12(21), 549–550 (1976).
[Crossref]

Shubin, A. V.

Sorokin, E.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” N. J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sorokina, I. T.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” N. J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Starke, K.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Steinmeyer, G.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sun, T.

Takata, H.

H. Osanai, T. Shioda, T. Moriyama, S. Araki, M. Horiguchi, T. Izawa, and H. Takata, “Effect of dopants on transmission loss of low-oh-content optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 12(21), 549–550 (1976).
[Crossref]

Tropper, A. C.

J. Wang, J. R. Lincoln, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Deol, C. J. Mackechnie, A. Pearson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and optical properties of lead-germanate glasses and a new class of optical fibres doped with Tm3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8066–8075 (1993).
[Crossref]

Vasiliev, S. A.

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J. R. Lincoln, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Deol, C. J. Mackechnie, A. Pearson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and optical properties of lead-germanate glasses and a new class of optical fibres doped with Tm3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8066–8075 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wang, Zh.

Wemple, S. H.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Wu, J.

Yao, Z.

Yuan, Sh.

Zong, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. Sansone, G. Steinmeyer, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, K. Starke, D. Ristau, B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, A. Gosteva, U. Keller, and M. Nisoli, “Mirror dispersion control of a hollow fiber supercontinuum,” Appl. Phys. B 78(5), 551–555 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Osanai, T. Shioda, T. Moriyama, S. Araki, M. Horiguchi, T. Izawa, and H. Takata, “Effect of dopants on transmission loss of low-oh-content optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 12(21), 549–550 (1976).
[Crossref]

IEEE J.Quantum Electronics (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Midinfrared holmium fiber lasers,” IEEE J.Quantum Electronics 42(2), 187–191 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Wang, J. R. Lincoln, W. S. Brocklesby, R. S. Deol, C. J. Mackechnie, A. Pearson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and D. N. Payne, “Fabrication and optical properties of lead-germanate glasses and a new class of optical fibres doped with Tm3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 73(12), 8066–8075 (1993).
[Crossref]

N. J. Phys. (2)

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, and I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” N. J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, S. Naumov, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, and A. Apolonski, “Approaching the microjoule frontier with femtosecond laser oscillators: theory and comparison with experiment,” N. J. Phys. 7, 217 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (3)

Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M. J. E. Digonet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2001).

V. L. Kalashnikov, “Effective refractive indexes and dispersion characteristics of the tapered fibers,” http://info.tuwien.ac.at/kalashnikov/TFmodes.html.

V. L. Kalashnikov, Energy scalability of mode-locked oscillators: completely analytical approach to an analysis, Europhysics Conference Abstracts Volume 34C (4th EPS-QEOD EUROPHOTON Conference on Solid-State, Fibre, and Waveguide Coherent Light Sources held in Hamburg, Germany, 29 August - 3 September 2010), p. TuP4.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Distribution of GeO2 in the multi-mode fiber core, (b) X-ray photo of the MM fiber core. The points shown on the photo correspond to the points shown in the graphic. The distance between points is 1 µm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical loss spectrum of the Tm-doped single-mode fiber. The peak at 1.43 µm is caused by the fiber cut-off. Spectral resolution is 5 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

ASE in the piece of fiber of 10 m length at different pumping rates. The curves corresponding to 144 and 80 mW of the pump power are multiplied by 20 and 30 times, respectively. Spectral resolution is 5 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The dependence of the output fiber laser power on the launched pump power for the two lasers of 2.5 and 4.5 m length of the active fiber.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The spectra of the output laser emission (70 mW of output power) of the fiber laser with the active fiber of 2.5 m length.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculated dispersion of the fiber. The inset shows corresponding Ge distribution.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Calculated dispersion of small-core step-index fibers with high GeO2 doping.

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