Abstract

This paper experimentally demonstrates a novel dynamic λ-OFDMA architecture with selective differential phase shift keying (DPSK) overlaid and colorless optical network unit (ONU). The wavelength can be dynamically assigned to the splitter node in demand through a group of optical switches. Multicast control is realized through an alternative local oscillator at the optical line terminal (OLT). The 10-Gb/s × 4-channel 16QAM-OFDM unicast signal with 2.5-Gb/s DPSK overlaid and 1.25-Gb/s upstream signal have been transmitted over 25-km fiber successfully.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. G.-K. Chang, Zhensheng Jia, Jianjun Yu, Arshad Chowdhury, Ting Wang, and Georgios Ellinas, “Super-Broadband Optical Wireless Access Technologies”, in Proc. OFC, San Diego, CA, paper. OThD1 (2008).
  2. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal-Remodulated Wired/Wireless Access Using Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier With Wireless Signal Broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1461 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. U. Kim, H.-S. Lim, and M. Kang, “Fair Bandwidth Allocation Using Effective Multicast Traffic Share in TDM-PONs,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(7), 756–767 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. H. Moon, K. M. Choi, and C. H. Lee, “Overlay of Broadcasting Signal in a WDM-PON”, in Proc. OFC, Anaheim, CA, paper. OTHK8 (2006).
  5. G. P. Leguizamon, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Advanced Subcarrier Multiplexed Label Swapping in Optical Packet Switching Nodes for Next Generation Internet Networks,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(6), 655–669 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1992–1994 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Modulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Liu and F. Buchali, “Intra-symbol frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21944–21957 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing for Adaptive Dispersion Compensation in Long Haul WDM Systems”, in Proc.OFC, San Diego, CA, paper.PDP39(2006).
  10. X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. W. Tkach, “Improving the Nonlinear Tolerance of Polarization-Division-Multiplexed CO-OFDM in Long-Haul Fiber Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3632–3640 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with Polarization Multiplexing and Direct Detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 484–493 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5541–5555 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, Y. Huang, J. Yu, and T. Wang, “100km Long Reach Upstream 36Gb/s-OFDMA-PON over a Single Wavelength with Source-Free ONUs, ” in Proc. ECOC, Austria, paper 8.5.1(2009).
  14. C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, C.-L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12097–12101 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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  17. L. A. Neto, A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and J. Le Masson, “High Bit Rate Burst Mode Optical OFDM for Next Generation Passive Optical Networks”, in Proc. ECOC, Italy, paper.Tu.3.B.5(2010).
  18. Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission over 600-km SSMF fiber with subwavelength bandwidth access,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9421–9427 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. B. Liu, X. Xin, L. Zhang, J. Yu, Q. Zhang, and C. Yu, “A WDM-OFDM-PON architecture with centralized lightwave and PolSK-modulated multicast overlay,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2137–2143 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. Marc, Taubenblatt, “Optical Interconnects for High Performance Computing”, in proc.OFC, CA, USA, paper.OThH3 (2011).
  21. B. S. Rho and J. W. Lim, ““Multichip Integration on a PLC Platform for 16×16 Optical Switch Module Using Passive Alignment Technique,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 30(3), 457–461 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Yano, F. Yamagishi, and T. Tsuda, “Optical MEMS for Photonic Switching—Compact and Stable Optical Crossconnect Switches for Simple, Fast, and Flexible Wavelength Applications in Recent Photonic Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(2), 383–394 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Mizukami, J. Yamaguchi, N. Nemoto, Y. Kawajiri, H. Hirata, S. Uchiyama, M. Makihara, T. Sakata, N. Shimoyama, H. Ishii, and F. Shimokawa, “128X128 3D-MEMS optical switch module with simultaneous optical paths connection for optical cross-connect systems”, in proc.Photonics in Switching, pp.1–2(2009).
  24. J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, and J. M. Tang, “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9791–9808 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

2009 (4)

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission over 600-km SSMF fiber with subwavelength bandwidth access,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9421–9427 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. W. Tkach, “Improving the Nonlinear Tolerance of Polarization-Division-Multiplexed CO-OFDM in Long-Haul Fiber Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3632–3640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal-Remodulated Wired/Wireless Access Using Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier With Wireless Signal Broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Leguizamon, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Advanced Subcarrier Multiplexed Label Swapping in Optical Packet Switching Nodes for Next Generation Internet Networks,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(6), 655–669 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

N. U. Kim, H.-S. Lim, and M. Kang, “Fair Bandwidth Allocation Using Effective Multicast Traffic Share in TDM-PONs,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(7), 756–767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Modulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, C.-L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12097–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu and F. Buchali, “Intra-symbol frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21944–21957 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

B. S. Rho and J. W. Lim, ““Multichip Integration on a PLC Platform for 16×16 Optical Switch Module Using Passive Alignment Technique,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

M. Yano, F. Yamagishi, and T. Tsuda, “Optical MEMS for Photonic Switching—Compact and Stable Optical Crossconnect Switches for Simple, Fast, and Flexible Wavelength Applications in Recent Photonic Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(2), 383–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1992–1994 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Buchali, F.

Capmany, J.

G. P. Leguizamon, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Advanced Subcarrier Multiplexed Label Swapping in Optical Packet Switching Nodes for Next Generation Internet Networks,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(6), 655–669 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chae, C. J.

M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1992–1994 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.-K.

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Modulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Modulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

Chi, S.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal-Remodulated Wired/Wireless Access Using Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier With Wireless Signal Broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, C.-L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12097–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal-Remodulated Wired/Wireless Access Using Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier With Wireless Signal Broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C.-W.

C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, C.-L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12097–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cvijetic, N.

Giacoumidis, E.

Giddings, R. P.

Hu, J.

Huang, M.-F.

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Modulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hugues-Salas, E.

Jin, X. Q.

Kang, M.

N. U. Kim, H.-S. Lim, and M. Kang, “Fair Bandwidth Allocation Using Effective Multicast Traffic Share in TDM-PONs,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(7), 756–767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khanal, M.

M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1992–1994 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, N. U.

N. U. Kim, H.-S. Lim, and M. Kang, “Fair Bandwidth Allocation Using Effective Multicast Traffic Share in TDM-PONs,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(7), 756–767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leguizamon, G. P.

G. P. Leguizamon, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Advanced Subcarrier Multiplexed Label Swapping in Optical Packet Switching Nodes for Next Generation Internet Networks,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(6), 655–669 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lim, H.-S.

N. U. Kim, H.-S. Lim, and M. Kang, “Fair Bandwidth Allocation Using Effective Multicast Traffic Share in TDM-PONs,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(7), 756–767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lim, J. W.

B. S. Rho and J. W. Lim, ““Multichip Integration on a PLC Platform for 16×16 Optical Switch Module Using Passive Alignment Technique,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

Liu, X.

Ma, Y.

Mansoor, S.

Ortega, B.

G. P. Leguizamon, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Advanced Subcarrier Multiplexed Label Swapping in Optical Packet Switching Nodes for Next Generation Internet Networks,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(6), 655–669 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C.-L.

C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, C.-L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12097–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qian, D.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with Polarization Multiplexing and Direct Detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 484–493 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Modulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rho, B. S.

B. S. Rho and J. W. Lim, ““Multichip Integration on a PLC Platform for 16×16 Optical Switch Module Using Passive Alignment Technique,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, W.

Shih, F. Y.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal-Remodulated Wired/Wireless Access Using Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier With Wireless Signal Broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shih, F.-Y.

C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, C.-L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12097–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tang, J. M.

Tang, Y.

Tkach, R. W.

Tsuda, T.

M. Yano, F. Yamagishi, and T. Tsuda, “Optical MEMS for Photonic Switching—Compact and Stable Optical Crossconnect Switches for Simple, Fast, and Flexible Wavelength Applications in Recent Photonic Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(2), 383–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1992–1994 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal-Remodulated Wired/Wireless Access Using Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier With Wireless Signal Broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.-H.

C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, C.-L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12097–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Wei, J. L.

Xin, X.

Yamagishi, F.

M. Yano, F. Yamagishi, and T. Tsuda, “Optical MEMS for Photonic Switching—Compact and Stable Optical Crossconnect Switches for Simple, Fast, and Flexible Wavelength Applications in Recent Photonic Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(2), 383–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

Yano, M.

M. Yano, F. Yamagishi, and T. Tsuda, “Optical MEMS for Photonic Switching—Compact and Stable Optical Crossconnect Switches for Simple, Fast, and Flexible Wavelength Applications in Recent Photonic Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(2), 383–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal-Remodulated Wired/Wireless Access Using Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier With Wireless Signal Broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C.-H.

C.-W. Chow, C.-H. Yeh, C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Shih, C.-L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12097–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

Yu, J.

B. Liu, X. Xin, L. Zhang, J. Yu, Q. Zhang, and C. Yu, “A WDM-OFDM-PON architecture with centralized lightwave and PolSK-modulated multicast overlay,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2137–2143 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Modulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Q.

Zheng, X.

IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

G. P. Leguizamon, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Advanced Subcarrier Multiplexed Label Swapping in Optical Packet Switching Nodes for Next Generation Internet Networks,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 27(6), 655–669 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

N. U. Kim, H.-S. Lim, and M. Kang, “Fair Bandwidth Allocation Using Effective Multicast Traffic Share in TDM-PONs,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26(7), 756–767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Yano, F. Yamagishi, and T. Tsuda, “Optical MEMS for Photonic Switching—Compact and Stable Optical Crossconnect Switches for Simple, Fast, and Flexible Wavelength Applications in Recent Photonic Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(2), 383–394 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal-Remodulated Wired/Wireless Access Using Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier With Wireless Signal Broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1461 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Khanal, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Selective broadcasting of digital video signals over a WDM passive optical network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(9), 1992–1994 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G.-K. Chang, “Centralized Lightwave WDM-PON Employing 16-QAM Intensity Modulated OFDM Downstream and OOK Modulated Upstream Signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. (1)

B. S. Rho and J. W. Lim, ““Multichip Integration on a PLC Platform for 16×16 Optical Switch Module Using Passive Alignment Technique,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (6)

Other (9)

A. Marc, Taubenblatt, “Optical Interconnects for High Performance Computing”, in proc.OFC, CA, USA, paper.OThH3 (2011).

M. Mizukami, J. Yamaguchi, N. Nemoto, Y. Kawajiri, H. Hirata, S. Uchiyama, M. Makihara, T. Sakata, N. Shimoyama, H. Ishii, and F. Shimokawa, “128X128 3D-MEMS optical switch module with simultaneous optical paths connection for optical cross-connect systems”, in proc.Photonics in Switching, pp.1–2(2009).

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing for Adaptive Dispersion Compensation in Long Haul WDM Systems”, in Proc.OFC, San Diego, CA, paper.PDP39(2006).

G.-K. Chang, Zhensheng Jia, Jianjun Yu, Arshad Chowdhury, Ting Wang, and Georgios Ellinas, “Super-Broadband Optical Wireless Access Technologies”, in Proc. OFC, San Diego, CA, paper. OThD1 (2008).

J. H. Moon, K. M. Choi, and C. H. Lee, “Overlay of Broadcasting Signal in a WDM-PON”, in Proc. OFC, Anaheim, CA, paper. OTHK8 (2006).

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, and T. Wang, “10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for Delivery of Heterogeneous Services”, in Proc.OFC, San Diego, CA, paper.OWH4 (2009).

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Colourless Real-Time Optical OFDM End-to-End Transmission at 7.5Gb/s over 25km SSMF Using 1GHz RSOAs for WDM-PONs”, in Proc. OFC, San Diego, CA, paper.OMS4(2010).

L. A. Neto, A. Gharba, P. Chanclou, N. Genay, B. Charbonnier, M. Ouzzif, C. Aupetit-Berthelemot, and J. Le Masson, “High Bit Rate Burst Mode Optical OFDM for Next Generation Passive Optical Networks”, in Proc. ECOC, Italy, paper.Tu.3.B.5(2010).

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, Y. Huang, J. Yu, and T. Wang, “100km Long Reach Upstream 36Gb/s-OFDMA-PON over a Single Wavelength with Source-Free ONUs, ” in Proc. ECOC, Austria, paper 8.5.1(2009).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Conventional OFDMA architecture with DPSK multicast data; (b) Proposed dynamic λ-OFDMA architecture with DPSK multicast data. (LO: local oscillation; MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator; PM: phase modulator; AWG: arrayed wavelength grating; SW: optical switch; ODN: optical distribution node; IM: intensity modulator)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Illustration of optical spectra (a) overlay-enable channel; (b)overlay-disable channel.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The experimental setup. cAWG: controllable AWG; SMF: single mode fiber; MZDI: Mach-Zehnder delay interferometer; LPF: low pass filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra for DPSK overlay-enable channel. (a)-(c): the optical spectra at corresponding points in Fig. 3; (d): electrical RF OFDM signal spectrum; (e): received signal before A/D; (f): electrical spectrum after balance detector. (Optical spectrum resolution: 0.01nm/div)

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The BER curve of OFDM downstream signal and the overlay-enable constellation.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The BER curve of DPSK overlaid and eye diagram. (Resolution: 200ps/div; LPF: low pass filter)

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The eye diagrams and BER curve of upstream. (Resolution: 400ps/div)

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