Abstract

Second and third-order monolithically integrated coupled ring bandpass filters are demonstrated in the InP-InGaAsP material system with active semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) and current injection phase modulators (PMs). Such integration achieves a high level of tunability and precise generation of optical filters in the RF domain at telecom wavelengths while simultaneously compensating for device insertion loss. Passband bandwidth tunability of 3.9 GHz to 7.1 GHz and stopband extinction up to 40 dB are shown for third-order filters. Center frequency tunability over a full free spectral range (FSR) is demonstrated, allowing for the placement of a filter anywhere in the telecom C-band. A Z-transform representation of coupled resonator filters is derived and compared with experimental results. A theoretical description of filter tunability is presented.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

J. S. Parker, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, and L. A. Coldren, “High verticality InP/InGaAsP etching in Cl2/H2/Ar inductively coupled plasma for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29(1), 011016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, F. X. Kärtner, H. I. Smith, and E. P. Ippen, “Reconfigurable multi-channel second-order silicon microring-resonator filterbanks for on-chip WDM systems,” Opt. Express 19(1), 306–316 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

J. Park, T. Lee, D. Lee, S. Kim, W. Hwang, and Y. Chung, “Widely tunable coupled-ring-reflector filter based on planar polymer waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 988–990 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Saeung and P. P. Yupapin, “Generalized analysis of multiple ring resonator filters: modeling by using graphical approach,” Optik (Stuttg.) 119(10), 465–472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, “A tutorial on microwave photonic filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 201–229 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Raring, M. N. Sysak, A. T. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. J. Skogen, J. S. Barton, S. P. Denbaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6126, 61260H, 61260H-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. M. Baney, P. Gallion, and R. S. Tucker, “Theory and measurement techniques for the noise figure of optical amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 122–154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. Simon, P. Doussiere, P. Lamouler, I. Valiente, and R. Riou, “Travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier with reduced nonlinear distortions,” Electron. Lett. 30(1), 49–50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

T. Darcie, R. Jopson, and R. Tkach, “Intermodulation distortion in optical amplifiers from carrier-density modulation,” Electron. Lett. 23(25), 1392–1394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Absil, P. P.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

Asghari, M.

Baney, D. M.

D. M. Baney, P. Gallion, and R. S. Tucker, “Theory and measurement techniques for the noise figure of optical amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 122–154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Banwell, T.

Barton, J. S.

J. W. Raring, M. N. Sysak, A. T. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. J. Skogen, J. S. Barton, S. P. Denbaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6126, 61260H, 61260H-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beals, M.

Beattie, J.

Bovington, J.

H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated microwave photonic filter on a hybrid silicon platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated microwave photonic filter on a hybrid silicon platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

Carothers, D.

Chen, H.-W.

H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated microwave photonic filter on a hybrid silicon platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Chin, M.-K.

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

J. Park, T. Lee, D. Lee, S. Kim, W. Hwang, and Y. Chung, “Widely tunable coupled-ring-reflector filter based on planar polymer waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 988–990 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

J. S. Parker, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, and L. A. Coldren, “High verticality InP/InGaAsP etching in Cl2/H2/Ar inductively coupled plasma for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29(1), 011016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Raring, M. N. Sysak, A. T. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. J. Skogen, J. S. Barton, S. P. Denbaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6126, 61260H, 61260H-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dahlem, M. S.

Darcie, T.

T. Darcie, R. Jopson, and R. Tkach, “Intermodulation distortion in optical amplifiers from carrier-density modulation,” Electron. Lett. 23(25), 1392–1394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Darmawan, S.

Denbaars, S. P.

J. W. Raring, M. N. Sysak, A. T. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. J. Skogen, J. S. Barton, S. P. Denbaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6126, 61260H, 61260H-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dong, P.

Doussiere, P.

J. Simon, P. Doussiere, P. Lamouler, I. Valiente, and R. Riou, “Travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier with reduced nonlinear distortions,” Electron. Lett. 30(1), 49–50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dummer, M.

J. W. Raring, M. N. Sysak, A. T. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. J. Skogen, J. S. Barton, S. P. Denbaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6126, 61260H, 61260H-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A. W.

H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated microwave photonic filter on a hybrid silicon platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Feng, D.

Feng, N. N.

Gallion, P.

D. M. Baney, P. Gallion, and R. S. Tucker, “Theory and measurement techniques for the noise figure of optical amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 122–154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gill, D.

M. Rasras, K. Tu, D. Gill, Y. Chen, A. White, S. Patel, A. Pomerene, D. Carothers, J. Beattie, M. Beals, J. Michel, and L. Kimerling, “Demonstration of a tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using low-loss silicon ring resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(12), 2105–2110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guzzon, R. S.

J. S. Parker, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, and L. A. Coldren, “High verticality InP/InGaAsP etching in Cl2/H2/Ar inductively coupled plasma for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29(1), 011016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, C. W.

Hryniewicz, J. V.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, W.

J. Park, T. Lee, D. Lee, S. Kim, W. Hwang, and Y. Chung, “Widely tunable coupled-ring-reflector filter based on planar polymer waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 988–990 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Johnson, F. G.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R.

T. Darcie, R. Jopson, and R. Tkach, “Intermodulation distortion in optical amplifiers from carrier-density modulation,” Electron. Lett. 23(25), 1392–1394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Khilo, A.

Kim, S.

J. Park, T. Lee, D. Lee, S. Kim, W. Hwang, and Y. Chung, “Widely tunable coupled-ring-reflector filter based on planar polymer waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 988–990 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L.

King, O.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lamouler, P.

J. Simon, P. Doussiere, P. Lamouler, I. Valiente, and R. Riou, “Travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier with reduced nonlinear distortions,” Electron. Lett. 30(1), 49–50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Landobasa, Y. M.

Lee, D.

J. Park, T. Lee, D. Lee, S. Kim, W. Hwang, and Y. Chung, “Widely tunable coupled-ring-reflector filter based on planar polymer waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 988–990 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. C.

Lee, T.

J. Park, T. Lee, D. Lee, S. Kim, W. Hwang, and Y. Chung, “Widely tunable coupled-ring-reflector filter based on planar polymer waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 988–990 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liang, D.

H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated microwave photonic filter on a hybrid silicon platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luff, B. J.

Luff, J. B.

Menendez, R.

Michel, J.

Nicholes, S. C.

J. S. Parker, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, and L. A. Coldren, “High verticality InP/InGaAsP etching in Cl2/H2/Ar inductively coupled plasma for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29(1), 011016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Norberg, E. J.

J. S. Parker, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, and L. A. Coldren, “High verticality InP/InGaAsP etching in Cl2/H2/Ar inductively coupled plasma for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29(1), 011016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ortega, B.

Park, J.

J. Park, T. Lee, D. Lee, S. Kim, W. Hwang, and Y. Chung, “Widely tunable coupled-ring-reflector filter based on planar polymer waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 988–990 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Parker, J. S.

J. S. Parker, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, and L. A. Coldren, “High verticality InP/InGaAsP etching in Cl2/H2/Ar inductively coupled plasma for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29(1), 011016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pastor, D.

Patel, S.

Pedretti, A. T.

J. W. Raring, M. N. Sysak, A. T. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. J. Skogen, J. S. Barton, S. P. Denbaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6126, 61260H, 61260H-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peters, J. D.

H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated microwave photonic filter on a hybrid silicon platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pomerene, A.

Qian, W.

Raring, J. W.

J. W. Raring, M. N. Sysak, A. T. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. J. Skogen, J. S. Barton, S. P. Denbaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6126, 61260H, 61260H-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rasras, M.

Riou, R.

J. Simon, P. Doussiere, P. Lamouler, I. Valiente, and R. Riou, “Travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier with reduced nonlinear distortions,” Electron. Lett. 30(1), 49–50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Saeung, P.

P. Saeung and P. P. Yupapin, “Generalized analysis of multiple ring resonator filters: modeling by using graphical approach,” Optik (Stuttg.) 119(10), 465–472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seiferth, F.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Simon, J.

J. Simon, P. Doussiere, P. Lamouler, I. Valiente, and R. Riou, “Travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier with reduced nonlinear distortions,” Electron. Lett. 30(1), 49–50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Skogen, E. J.

J. W. Raring, M. N. Sysak, A. T. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. J. Skogen, J. S. Barton, S. P. Denbaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6126, 61260H, 61260H-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. I.

Sysak, M. N.

J. W. Raring, M. N. Sysak, A. T. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. J. Skogen, J. S. Barton, S. P. Denbaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6126, 61260H, 61260H-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R.

T. Darcie, R. Jopson, and R. Tkach, “Intermodulation distortion in optical amplifiers from carrier-density modulation,” Electron. Lett. 23(25), 1392–1394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Toliver, P.

Trakalo, M.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tu, K.

Tucker, R. S.

D. M. Baney, P. Gallion, and R. S. Tucker, “Theory and measurement techniques for the noise figure of optical amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 122–154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Valiente, I.

J. Simon, P. Doussiere, P. Lamouler, I. Valiente, and R. Riou, “Travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier with reduced nonlinear distortions,” Electron. Lett. 30(1), 49–50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Van, V.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated microwave photonic filter on a hybrid silicon platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

White, A.

Woodward, T. K.

Yupapin, P. P.

P. Saeung and P. P. Yupapin, “Generalized analysis of multiple ring resonator filters: modeling by using graphical approach,” Optik (Stuttg.) 119(10), 465–472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. Simon, P. Doussiere, P. Lamouler, I. Valiente, and R. Riou, “Travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier with reduced nonlinear distortions,” Electron. Lett. 30(1), 49–50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Darcie, R. Jopson, and R. Tkach, “Intermodulation distortion in optical amplifiers from carrier-density modulation,” Electron. Lett. 23(25), 1392–1394 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, F. G. Johnson, F. Seiferth, D. Gill, V. Van, O. King, and M. Trakalo, “Very high-order microring resonator filters for WDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(10), 2263–2265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Park, T. Lee, D. Lee, S. Kim, W. Hwang, and Y. Chung, “Widely tunable coupled-ring-reflector filter based on planar polymer waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 988–990 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated microwave photonic filter on a hybrid silicon platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

J. S. Parker, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, and L. A. Coldren, “High verticality InP/InGaAsP etching in Cl2/H2/Ar inductively coupled plasma for photonic integrated circuits,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29(1), 011016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

D. M. Baney, P. Gallion, and R. S. Tucker, “Theory and measurement techniques for the noise figure of optical amplifiers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 6(2), 122–154 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Optik (Stuttg.) (1)

P. Saeung and P. P. Yupapin, “Generalized analysis of multiple ring resonator filters: modeling by using graphical approach,” Optik (Stuttg.) 119(10), 465–472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. W. Raring, M. N. Sysak, A. T. Pedretti, M. Dummer, E. J. Skogen, J. S. Barton, S. P. Denbaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Advanced integration schemes for high-functionality/high-performance photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6126, 61260H, 61260H-20 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis: A Signal Processing Approach (Whiley-Interscience, 1999), Chap. 1.

R. S. Guzzon, E. J. Norberg, J. S. Parker, and L. A. Coldren, “Highly programmable optical filters integrated in InP-InGaAsP with tunable inter-ring coupling,” Conf. Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nanophotonics (Optical Society of America, Monterey, CA, 2010).

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis: A Signal Processing Approach (Whiley-Interscience, 1999), Chap. 3.

R. S. Guzzon, E. J. Norberg, J. S. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, “Monolithically integrated programmable photonic microwave filter with tunable inter-ring coupling,” Proc. IEEE Conf. Microwave Photonics (IEEE, Montreal, Canada, 2010).

E. Norberg, R. Guzzon, and L. Coldren, “Programmable photonic filters fabricated with deeply etched waveguides,” in Proc. of IEEE Conf. on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IEEE Photonics Society, Newport beach, CA, 2009), pp. 163–166.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Whiley-Interscience, 2002), Chap. 6.

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