Abstract

Using a high-pressure carbon-dioxide laser amplifier enriched with the oxygen-18 isotope, we produced a 5-ps, 10-µm pulse of the 1 TW peak power without splitting, which otherwise occurs due to spectral modulation by the rotation structure of the CO2 amplification band.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I.V. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, M.N. Polyanskiy, V. Yakimenko, N.P. Dover, C.A.J. Palmer, Z. Najmudin, P. Shkolnikov, O. Williams, J. Rosenzweig, P. Oliva, M. Carpinelli, B. Golosio, P. Delogu, A. Stefanini, and M. Endrizzi, “Lasers as Particle Accelerators in Medicine: From Laser-driven Protons to Imaging with Thomson Sources,” to be published in conference proceedings CAARI 2010, Fort Worth, Texas, USA, August 8–13, 2010.
  4. P. B. Corkum, “Amplification of picosecond 10 µm pulses in multiatmosphere CO2 lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(3), 216–232 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Haberberger, S. Tochitsky, and C. Joshi, “Fifteen terawatt picosecond CO2 laser system,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17865–17875 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. R. B. Gibson, A. Javan, and K. Boyer, “Mixed isotope multiatmosphere CO2 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(11), 1224–1228 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. K. Brimacombe and J. Reid, “Accurate measurements of pressure-broadened linewidths in a transversely excited CO2 discharge,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19(11), 1668–1673 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, “Stark Effect in Rapidly Varying Fields,” Phys. Rev. 100(2), 703–722 (1955).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, and J.-P. Champion, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectriscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Reid and K. Siemsen, “New CO2 laser bands in the 9–11-μm wavelength region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29(4), 250–251 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. T. Platonenko and V. D. Taranukhin, “Coherent amplification of light pulses in media with a discrete spectrum,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 13(11), 1459–1466 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. Freed, “Status of CO2 lasers and their applications in tunable laser spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(8), 1220–1228 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. J. Alcock and P. B. Corkum, “Ultra-fast switching of infrared radiation by laser-produced carriers in semiconductors,” Can. J. Phys. 57, 1280–1290 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. V. Filip, R. Narang, S. Ya. Tochitsky, C. E. Clayton, and C. Joshi, “Optical Kerr switching technique for the production of a picosecond, multiwavelength CO2 laser pulse,” Appl. Opt. 41(18), 3743–3747 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2009

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, and J.-P. Champion, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectriscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2002

2000

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1985

P. B. Corkum, “Amplification of picosecond 10 µm pulses in multiatmosphere CO2 lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(3), 216–232 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983

R. K. Brimacombe and J. Reid, “Accurate measurements of pressure-broadened linewidths in a transversely excited CO2 discharge,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19(11), 1668–1673 (1983).
[CrossRef]

V. T. Platonenko and V. D. Taranukhin, “Coherent amplification of light pulses in media with a discrete spectrum,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 13(11), 1459–1466 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982

C. Freed, “Status of CO2 lasers and their applications in tunable laser spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(8), 1220–1228 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979

A. J. Alcock and P. B. Corkum, “Ultra-fast switching of infrared radiation by laser-produced carriers in semiconductors,” Can. J. Phys. 57, 1280–1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Gibson, A. Javan, and K. Boyer, “Mixed isotope multiatmosphere CO2 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(11), 1224–1228 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978

J. Reid and K. J. Siemsen, “Gain of high-pressure CO2 lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14(4), 217–220 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1976

J. Reid and K. Siemsen, “New CO2 laser bands in the 9–11-μm wavelength region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29(4), 250–251 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975

A. L. Golger and V. S. Letokhov, “Amplification in a mixture of isotopic CO2 molecules pumped by CO2 laser radiation,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 5(7), 811–816 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1955

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, “Stark Effect in Rapidly Varying Fields,” Phys. Rev. 100(2), 703–722 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Alcock, A. J.

A. J. Alcock and P. B. Corkum, “Ultra-fast switching of infrared radiation by laser-produced carriers in semiconductors,” Can. J. Phys. 57, 1280–1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Autler, S. H.

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, “Stark Effect in Rapidly Varying Fields,” Phys. Rev. 100(2), 703–722 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Babzien, M.

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barbe, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, and J.-P. Champion, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectriscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Benner, D. C.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, and J.-P. Champion, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectriscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ben-Zvi, I.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bernath, P. F.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, and J.-P. Champion, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectriscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Birk, M.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, and J.-P. Champion, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectriscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boudon, V.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, and J.-P. Champion, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectriscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, K.

R. B. Gibson, A. Javan, and K. Boyer, “Mixed isotope multiatmosphere CO2 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(11), 1224–1228 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Brimacombe, R. K.

R. K. Brimacombe and J. Reid, “Accurate measurements of pressure-broadened linewidths in a transversely excited CO2 discharge,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19(11), 1668–1673 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Brown, L. R.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, and J.-P. Champion, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectriscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Campargue, A.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, and J.-P. Champion, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectriscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Champion, J.-P.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, and J.-P. Champion, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectriscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Clayton, C. E.

Cli, D.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, “Amplification of picosecond 10 µm pulses in multiatmosphere CO2 lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(3), 216–232 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Alcock and P. B. Corkum, “Ultra-fast switching of infrared radiation by laser-produced carriers in semiconductors,” Can. J. Phys. 57, 1280–1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Dover, N. P.

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dudnikova, G. I.

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Filip, C. V.

Freed, C.

C. Freed, “Status of CO2 lasers and their applications in tunable laser spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(8), 1220–1228 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, R. B.

R. B. Gibson, A. Javan, and K. Boyer, “Mixed isotope multiatmosphere CO2 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(11), 1224–1228 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Golger, A. L.

A. L. Golger and V. S. Letokhov, “Amplification in a mixture of isotopic CO2 molecules pumped by CO2 laser radiation,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 5(7), 811–816 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, I. E.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, and J.-P. Champion, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectriscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haberberger, D.

He, P.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hirose, T.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ispiriyan, M.

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Javan, A.

R. B. Gibson, A. Javan, and K. Boyer, “Mixed isotope multiatmosphere CO2 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(11), 1224–1228 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, C.

Kashiwagi, S.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kumita, T.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kusche, K.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Letokhov, V. S.

A. L. Golger and V. S. Letokhov, “Amplification in a mixture of isotopic CO2 molecules pumped by CO2 laser radiation,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 5(7), 811–816 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Najmudin, Z.

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narang, R.

Okugi, T.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Omori, T.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, C. A. J.

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Platonenko, V. T.

V. T. Platonenko and V. D. Taranukhin, “Coherent amplification of light pulses in media with a discrete spectrum,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 13(11), 1459–1466 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Pogorelsky, I.

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pogorelsky, I. V.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Polyanskiy, M. N.

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reid, J.

R. K. Brimacombe and J. Reid, “Accurate measurements of pressure-broadened linewidths in a transversely excited CO2 discharge,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19(11), 1668–1673 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Reid and K. J. Siemsen, “Gain of high-pressure CO2 lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14(4), 217–220 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Reid and K. Siemsen, “New CO2 laser bands in the 9–11-μm wavelength region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29(4), 250–251 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Rothman, L. S.

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, and J.-P. Champion, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectriscopic database,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(9-10), 533–572 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, J.

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shkolnikov, P.

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siddons, P.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Siemsen, K.

J. Reid and K. Siemsen, “New CO2 laser bands in the 9–11-μm wavelength region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29(4), 250–251 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Siemsen, K. J.

J. Reid and K. J. Siemsen, “Gain of high-pressure CO2 lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14(4), 217–220 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Skaritka, J.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taranukhin, V. D.

V. T. Platonenko and V. D. Taranukhin, “Coherent amplification of light pulses in media with a discrete spectrum,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 13(11), 1459–1466 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Tochitsky, S.

Tochitsky, S. Ya.

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S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, “Stark Effect in Rapidly Varying Fields,” Phys. Rev. 100(2), 703–722 (1955).
[CrossRef]

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I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Urakawa, J.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Washio, M.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yakimenko, V.

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yokoya, K.

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev.

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, “Stark Effect in Rapidly Varying Fields,” Phys. Rev. 100(2), 703–722 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

C. A. J. Palmer, N. P. Dover, I. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, G. I. Dudnikova, M. Ispiriyan, M. N. Polyanskiy, J. Schreiber, P. Shkolnikov, V. Yakimenko, and Z. Najmudin, “Monoenergetic proton beams accelerated by a radiation pressure driven shock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(1), 014801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams

I. V. Pogorelsky, I. Ben-Zvi, T. Hirose, S. Kashiwagi, V. Yakimenko, K. Kusche, P. Siddons, J. Skaritka, T. Kumita, A. Tsunemi, T. Omori, J. Urakawa, M. Washio, K. Yokoya, T. Okugi, Y. Liu, P. He, and D. Cli, “Demonstration of 8×1018 photons/second peaked at 1.8Å in a relativistic Thomson scattering experiment,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 3(9), 090702 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

V. T. Platonenko and V. D. Taranukhin, “Coherent amplification of light pulses in media with a discrete spectrum,” Sov. J. Quant. Electron. 13(11), 1459–1466 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. J. Witteman, The CO2 laser. Berlin Heidelberg New York London Paris Tokyo: Springer-Verlag; 1987.

I.V. Pogorelsky, M. Babzien, M.N. Polyanskiy, V. Yakimenko, N.P. Dover, C.A.J. Palmer, Z. Najmudin, P. Shkolnikov, O. Williams, J. Rosenzweig, P. Oliva, M. Carpinelli, B. Golosio, P. Delogu, A. Stefanini, and M. Endrizzi, “Lasers as Particle Accelerators in Medicine: From Laser-driven Protons to Imaging with Thomson Sources,” to be published in conference proceedings CAARI 2010, Fort Worth, Texas, USA, August 8–13, 2010.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simulated gain spectra at10 bar for three CO2 isotopologues with different combinations of oxygen-16 and oxygen-18 atoms: 16O-12C-16O (626), 16O-12C-18O (628) and 18O-12C-18O (828) and a combined spectrum of their mixture in the statistically equilibrium proportion 1:2:1 (MIX). The arrow shows the 10R branch used in our laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

5-ps (FWHM) pulse splitting upon 106× amplification in a 10 bar CO2 laser amplifier. a) normalized gain profile and pulse spectra; b) pulse temporal structure (power vs. time).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Layout and pulse dynamics in the CO2 laser system. PS: polarizing splitter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

5-ps (FWHM) pulse amplification in a natural- (top) and isotopically enriched- (bottom) CO2 laser gas mixture. Inserts in the time structure graphs show raw streak-camera images. The simulation curves are identical to those in the Fig. 2 (106× net amplification).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simulation results for a 5-ps (FWHM) pulse amplification in the final amplifier.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Laser amplifier’s parameters

Equations (6)

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Δ ν ˜ p r e s s u r e = 0.1149 P C O 2 + 0.0794 P N 2 + 0.0598 P H e [8]
Ω [ s -1 ] = d [ C m ] E [ V m -1 ] h [ J s ] ,
E [ V m -1 ] = 2 I [ W m -2 ] ε 0 [ F m -1 ] c [ m s -1 ] ,
Δ ν ˜ p o w e r [ cm -1 ] = Ω [ s -1 ] c [ cm s -1 ] = 4 .609 × 10 4 d [ D ] I [ W cm -2 ] .
G s e q / G r e g = 2 exp ( h ν 3 / k T 3 ) ,
E z = 2 π i ω 0 c n ˜ j P j , P j t = ( i ( ω 0 2 Ω j 2 ) 2 ω 0 + 1 T 2 ) P j + i Ω j d j 2 ω 0 n j E , n t = Im ( E P j * ) n j ρ j N T R ,

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