Abstract

We present experimental and numerical results demonstrating the simultaneous frequency-selective excitation of several guided acoustic Brillouin modes in a photonic crystal fiber with a multi-scale structure design. These guided acoustic modes are identified by using a full vector finite-element model to result from elastic radial vibrations confined by the wavelength-scale air-silica microstructure. We further show the strong impact of structural irregularities of the fiber on the frequency and modal shape of these acoustic resonances.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, “Guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244–5252 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, “Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering from multi-GHz-guided acoustic phonons in nanostructured photonic crystal fibres,” Nat. Phys. 2, 388–392 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, “Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412–414 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. Joly, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Raman-like light scattering from acoustic phonons in photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4141–4150 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J.-C. Beugnot, T. Sylvestre, H. Maillotte, G. Mélin, and V. Laude, “Guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 17–19 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. S. Wiederhecker, A. Brenn, H. L. Fragnito, and P. St. J. Russell, “Coherent control of ultrahigh-frequency acoustic resonances in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203903 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. S. Kang, A. Brenn, G. S. Wiederhecker, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical excitation and characterization of gigahertz acoustic resonances in optical fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 131110 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Nishizawa, S. Kume, M. Mori, T. Goto, and A. Miyauchi, “Symmetric and asymmetric fiber loop mirrors for observing guided-acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering in polarization-maintaining fibers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1424–1926 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. Mélin, L. Provost, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, X. Rejeaunier, E. Bourova, and L. Gasca, “Innovative design for highly non-linear microstructured fibers,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC, 2004), p. Tu4.3.2.
  12. A. Boucon, D. Alasia, J. Beugnot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, A. Fleureau, H. Maillotte, J. M. Dudley, and T. Sylvestre, “Supercontinuum generation from 1.35 to 1.7 μm by nanosecond pumping near the second zero-dispersion wavelength of a microstructured fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 842–844 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Royer and E. Dieulesaint, Elastic Waves in Solids (Springer, 2000), Vols. I and II.
  14. R. N. Thurston, “Elastic waves in rods and clad rods,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 64, 1–37 (1978).
    [CrossRef]

2008

A. Boucon, D. Alasia, J. Beugnot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, A. Fleureau, H. Maillotte, J. M. Dudley, and T. Sylvestre, “Supercontinuum generation from 1.35 to 1.7 μm by nanosecond pumping near the second zero-dispersion wavelength of a microstructured fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 842–844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Wiederhecker, A. Brenn, H. L. Fragnito, and P. St. J. Russell, “Coherent control of ultrahigh-frequency acoustic resonances in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Kang, A. Brenn, G. S. Wiederhecker, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical excitation and characterization of gigahertz acoustic resonances in optical fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 131110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. Joly, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Raman-like light scattering from acoustic phonons in photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4141–4150 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering from multi-GHz-guided acoustic phonons in nanostructured photonic crystal fibres,” Nat. Phys. 2, 388–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, “Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, “Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

G. Mélin, L. Provost, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, X. Rejeaunier, E. Bourova, and L. Gasca, “Innovative design for highly non-linear microstructured fibers,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC, 2004), p. Tu4.3.2.

2000

D. Royer and E. Dieulesaint, Elastic Waves in Solids (Springer, 2000), Vols. I and II.

1994

1985

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, “Guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244–5252 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1978

R. N. Thurston, “Elastic waves in rods and clad rods,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 64, 1–37 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Alasia, D.

A. Boucon, D. Alasia, J. Beugnot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, A. Fleureau, H. Maillotte, J. M. Dudley, and T. Sylvestre, “Supercontinuum generation from 1.35 to 1.7 μm by nanosecond pumping near the second zero-dispersion wavelength of a microstructured fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 842–844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, U. L.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bayer, P. W.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, “Guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244–5252 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Benchabane, S.

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, “Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beugnot, J.

A. Boucon, D. Alasia, J. Beugnot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, A. Fleureau, H. Maillotte, J. M. Dudley, and T. Sylvestre, “Supercontinuum generation from 1.35 to 1.7 μm by nanosecond pumping near the second zero-dispersion wavelength of a microstructured fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 842–844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Beugnot, J.-C.

Boucon, A.

A. Boucon, D. Alasia, J. Beugnot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, A. Fleureau, H. Maillotte, J. M. Dudley, and T. Sylvestre, “Supercontinuum generation from 1.35 to 1.7 μm by nanosecond pumping near the second zero-dispersion wavelength of a microstructured fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 842–844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bourova, E.

G. Mélin, L. Provost, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, X. Rejeaunier, E. Bourova, and L. Gasca, “Innovative design for highly non-linear microstructured fibers,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC, 2004), p. Tu4.3.2.

Brenn, A.

G. S. Wiederhecker, A. Brenn, H. L. Fragnito, and P. St. J. Russell, “Coherent control of ultrahigh-frequency acoustic resonances in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Kang, A. Brenn, G. S. Wiederhecker, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical excitation and characterization of gigahertz acoustic resonances in optical fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 131110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dainese, P.

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering from multi-GHz-guided acoustic phonons in nanostructured photonic crystal fibres,” Nat. Phys. 2, 388–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. Joly, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Raman-like light scattering from acoustic phonons in photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4141–4150 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dieulesaint, E.

D. Royer and E. Dieulesaint, Elastic Waves in Solids (Springer, 2000), Vols. I and II.

Dudley, J. M.

A. Boucon, D. Alasia, J. Beugnot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, A. Fleureau, H. Maillotte, J. M. Dudley, and T. Sylvestre, “Supercontinuum generation from 1.35 to 1.7 μm by nanosecond pumping near the second zero-dispersion wavelength of a microstructured fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 842–844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, “Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Elser, D.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleureau, A.

A. Boucon, D. Alasia, J. Beugnot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, A. Fleureau, H. Maillotte, J. M. Dudley, and T. Sylvestre, “Supercontinuum generation from 1.35 to 1.7 μm by nanosecond pumping near the second zero-dispersion wavelength of a microstructured fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 842–844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Mélin, L. Provost, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, X. Rejeaunier, E. Bourova, and L. Gasca, “Innovative design for highly non-linear microstructured fibers,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC, 2004), p. Tu4.3.2.

Fragnito, H. L.

G. S. Wiederhecker, A. Brenn, H. L. Fragnito, and P. St. J. Russell, “Coherent control of ultrahigh-frequency acoustic resonances in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering from multi-GHz-guided acoustic phonons in nanostructured photonic crystal fibres,” Nat. Phys. 2, 388–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. Joly, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Raman-like light scattering from acoustic phonons in photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4141–4150 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gasca, L.

G. Mélin, L. Provost, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, X. Rejeaunier, E. Bourova, and L. Gasca, “Innovative design for highly non-linear microstructured fibers,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC, 2004), p. Tu4.3.2.

Glöckl, O.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goto, T.

Joly, N.

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. Joly, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Raman-like light scattering from acoustic phonons in photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4141–4150 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering from multi-GHz-guided acoustic phonons in nanostructured photonic crystal fibres,” Nat. Phys. 2, 388–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kang, M. S.

M. S. Kang, A. Brenn, G. S. Wiederhecker, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical excitation and characterization of gigahertz acoustic resonances in optical fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 131110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khelif, A.

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering from multi-GHz-guided acoustic phonons in nanostructured photonic crystal fibres,” Nat. Phys. 2, 388–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. Joly, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Raman-like light scattering from acoustic phonons in photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4141–4150 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, “Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kibler, B.

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, “Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering from multi-GHz-guided acoustic phonons in nanostructured photonic crystal fibres,” Nat. Phys. 2, 388–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Korn, A.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kume, S.

Laude, V.

J.-C. Beugnot, T. Sylvestre, H. Maillotte, G. Mélin, and V. Laude, “Guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 17–19 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. Joly, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Raman-like light scattering from acoustic phonons in photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4141–4150 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering from multi-GHz-guided acoustic phonons in nanostructured photonic crystal fibres,” Nat. Phys. 2, 388–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, “Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lempereur, S.

A. Boucon, D. Alasia, J. Beugnot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, A. Fleureau, H. Maillotte, J. M. Dudley, and T. Sylvestre, “Supercontinuum generation from 1.35 to 1.7 μm by nanosecond pumping near the second zero-dispersion wavelength of a microstructured fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 842–844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Mélin, L. Provost, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, X. Rejeaunier, E. Bourova, and L. Gasca, “Innovative design for highly non-linear microstructured fibers,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC, 2004), p. Tu4.3.2.

Leuchs, G.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levenson, M. D.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, “Guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244–5252 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lorenz, S.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maillotte, H.

A. Boucon, D. Alasia, J. Beugnot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, A. Fleureau, H. Maillotte, J. M. Dudley, and T. Sylvestre, “Supercontinuum generation from 1.35 to 1.7 μm by nanosecond pumping near the second zero-dispersion wavelength of a microstructured fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 842–844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Beugnot, T. Sylvestre, H. Maillotte, G. Mélin, and V. Laude, “Guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 17–19 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, “Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marquardt, C.

D. Elser, U. L. Andersen, A. Korn, O. Glöckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, “Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mélin, G.

A. Boucon, D. Alasia, J. Beugnot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, A. Fleureau, H. Maillotte, J. M. Dudley, and T. Sylvestre, “Supercontinuum generation from 1.35 to 1.7 μm by nanosecond pumping near the second zero-dispersion wavelength of a microstructured fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 842–844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Beugnot, T. Sylvestre, H. Maillotte, G. Mélin, and V. Laude, “Guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 17–19 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Mélin, L. Provost, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, X. Rejeaunier, E. Bourova, and L. Gasca, “Innovative design for highly non-linear microstructured fibers,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC, 2004), p. Tu4.3.2.

Miyauchi, A.

Mori, M.

Mussot, A.

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, “Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakazono, A.

N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, “Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, N.

Provost, L.

G. Mélin, L. Provost, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, X. Rejeaunier, E. Bourova, and L. Gasca, “Innovative design for highly non-linear microstructured fibers,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC, 2004), p. Tu4.3.2.

Rejeaunier, X.

G. Mélin, L. Provost, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, X. Rejeaunier, E. Bourova, and L. Gasca, “Innovative design for highly non-linear microstructured fibers,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC, 2004), p. Tu4.3.2.

Royer, D.

D. Royer and E. Dieulesaint, Elastic Waves in Solids (Springer, 2000), Vols. I and II.

Russell, P. St. J.

G. S. Wiederhecker, A. Brenn, H. L. Fragnito, and P. St. J. Russell, “Coherent control of ultrahigh-frequency acoustic resonances in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Kang, A. Brenn, G. S. Wiederhecker, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical excitation and characterization of gigahertz acoustic resonances in optical fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 131110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. Joly, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Raman-like light scattering from acoustic phonons in photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4141–4150 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering from multi-GHz-guided acoustic phonons in nanostructured photonic crystal fibres,” Nat. Phys. 2, 388–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, “Guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244–5252 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, N.

N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, “Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sylvestre, T.

A. Boucon, D. Alasia, J. Beugnot, G. Mélin, S. Lempereur, A. Fleureau, H. Maillotte, J. M. Dudley, and T. Sylvestre, “Supercontinuum generation from 1.35 to 1.7 μm by nanosecond pumping near the second zero-dispersion wavelength of a microstructured fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 842–844 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Beugnot, T. Sylvestre, H. Maillotte, G. Mélin, and V. Laude, “Guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 32, 17–19 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, “Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taguchi, N.

N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, “Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, S.

N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, “Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thurston, R. N.

R. N. Thurston, “Elastic waves in rods and clad rods,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 64, 1–37 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Wiederhecker, G. S.

M. S. Kang, A. Brenn, G. S. Wiederhecker, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical excitation and characterization of gigahertz acoustic resonances in optical fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 131110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Wiederhecker, A. Brenn, H. L. Fragnito, and P. St. J. Russell, “Coherent control of ultrahigh-frequency acoustic resonances in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, G. S. Wiederhecker, H. L. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering from multi-GHz-guided acoustic phonons in nanostructured photonic crystal fibres,” Nat. Phys. 2, 388–392 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for observing guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Experimental RF spectrum showing the guided acoustic modes of the photonic crystal fiber shown in (c). (b) FEM-based numerical simulation of the elasto-optic coefficient κ 2 as a function of the acoustic frequency. (c) scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of the PCF cross-section: core diameter 2.4 μm, diameter of small holes 820 nm, diameter of middle holes 3.6 μm, diameter of big holes 5.1 μm. (d) fundamental optical mode solved at 1550 nm using FEM simulation. Air-holes contour lines are depicted in black.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical calculation (color plot) of the strain energy density distribution (a–c) and the kinetic energy density (d–f) of the 439, 949 and 1934 MHz acoustic modes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Elasto-optic coefficient as a function of the acoustic frequency for the perfect microstructure.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Numerical simulations (color plot) of a perfect PCF design without any structural irregularity. (a–c) strain energy density distribution and (d–f) elastic energy distribution of the 430, 974 and 1974 MHz acoustic modes confined to the microstructure, respectively.

Equations (3)

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κ = σ d x d y E i E j p i j k l S k l .
W s = 1 2 ( u x T x x + v y T y y + ( u y + v x ) T x y ) ,
E = 1 2 ρ ω 2 ( u 2 + v 2 + w 2 ) ,

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