Abstract

Tm-doped Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 monoclinic (C2/c) crystals were grown by the TSSG-method. Details of the crystal growth and Tm3+ spectroscopy are presented. 514 mW of laser light at 1940 nm was obtained with 71.4% of slope efficiency in quasi-cw operation mode. The laser was tuned in the 1853-2009 nm range. The crystal shows local disorder due to the shared occupancy by Li and Lu of the same 8f lattice site, this confers potential applications for mode-locked sub-200 fs laser pulses.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

A. García-Cortés and C. Cascales, “Crystal growth and optical and spectroscopic characterization of the ytterbium-doped laser molybdate Yb-Li3Gd3Ba2(MoO4)8,” Chem. Mater. 20(12), 3884–3891 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

1992 (1)

1964 (1)

D. E. McCumber, “Einstein relationships connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra,” Phys. Rev. 136(4A), A954–A957 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

Brown, C. T. A.

Calvez, S.

Cankaya, H.

Cano-Torres, J. M.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cascales, C.

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. García-Cortés and C. Cascales, “Crystal growth and optical and spectroscopic characterization of the ytterbium-doped laser molybdate Yb-Li3Gd3Ba2(MoO4)8,” Chem. Mater. 20(12), 3884–3891 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cizmeciyan, M. N.

Dawson, M. D.

Didierjean, J.

Druon, F.

Esterowitz, L.

Galán, M.

García-Cortés, A.

A. García-Cortés and C. Cascales, “Crystal growth and optical and spectroscopic characterization of the ytterbium-doped laser molybdate Yb-Li3Gd3Ba2(MoO4)8,” Chem. Mater. 20(12), 3884–3891 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Goldner, P.

Griebner, U.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, J. A.

Han, X.

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kurt, A.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Leclin, G. L.

Liu, J.

Mateos, X.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McCumber, D. E.

D. E. McCumber, “Einstein relationships connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra,” Phys. Rev. 136(4A), A954–A957 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Petit, J.

Petrov, V.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pinto, J. F.

Rico, M.

Rivier, S.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rosenblatt, G. H.

Sennaroglu, A.

Serrano, M. D.

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Valle, F. J.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

Viera, G.

Zaldo, C.

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zaouter, Y.

Chem. Mater. (1)

A. García-Cortés and C. Cascales, “Crystal growth and optical and spectroscopic characterization of the ytterbium-doped laser molybdate Yb-Li3Gd3Ba2(MoO4)8,” Chem. Mater. 20(12), 3884–3891 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. (1)

D. E. McCumber, “Einstein relationships connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra,” Phys. Rev. 136(4A), A954–A957 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, M. S. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev and S. B. Mirov, “Ultrabroad continuous-wave tuning of ceramic Cr:ZnSe and Cr:ZnS lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America 2010) paper AMC2.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) As-grown 5 at% Tm-doped Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 crystal. (b) Anisotropy in the ac plane of the 3H4 optical absorption (α) of Tm3+ and position of a´ and c´ optical axes. (c) 25 °C absorption cross sections (σA) of the 3H4 multiplet for light polarized along the optical axes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption (dashed line), emission (points) cross sections and luminescence (line) of 5 at% Tm doped Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 crystal for light polarized parallel to the three optical axes (a) , (b) b´=b and (c) .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Gain cross sections (σG) of Tm3+ in Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 crystal for different inversion ratios (β) and light polarized parallel to the three optical axes (a) , (b) b=b´ and (c) .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cavity setup of the 10 at% Tm-doped Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 laser excited by a Ti-sapphire laser at λpump= 796.2 nm. λ/2: plate polarization control. L: focusing lens. M1: plane total reflector. OC: output coupler. For tuning experiments, a single plate birefringent filter (Lyot filter) was introduced in the cavity under Brewster angle.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Input-output power characteristics in quasi-cw regime of the 10 at% Tm-doped Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 laser. The symbols are the experimental results and the lines are fits for calculation of the slope efficiency. (a) a-cut sample pumped parallel to b for several TOC. (b) Same sample pumped parallel to c. (c) b-cut sample pumped parallel to a´(▲), c´ (∆) and c (▲),TOC= 4%.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Laser tuning of a 10 at% Tm-doped Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 crystal obtained with a Lyot filter. The pump light at 796.2 nm was polarized along the crystal c (○) or b (●) axes but the emission was always b polarized. TOC= 2.4%, Pinc= 1.12 W.

Equations (1)

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σ E = σ A Z l Z u exp [ E z l h υ k B T ]

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