Abstract

Tm-doped Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 monoclinic (C2/c) crystals were grown by the TSSG-method. Details of the crystal growth and Tm3+ spectroscopy are presented. 514 mW of laser light at 1940 nm was obtained with 71.4% of slope efficiency in quasi-cw operation mode. The laser was tuned in the 1853-2009 nm range. The crystal shows local disorder due to the shared occupancy by Li and Lu of the same 8f lattice site, this confers potential applications for mode-locked sub-200 fs laser pulses.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Laser operation of Yb3+in disordered Li0.75Gd0.75Ba0.5(MoO4)2 crystal with small quantum defect

A. García-Cortés, C. Zaldo, C. Cascales, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov
Opt. Express 15(26) 18162-18167 (2007)

Broadly tunable laser operation near 2μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2

José M. Cano-Torres, María Dolores Serrano, Carlos Zaldo, Mauricio Rico, Xavier Mateos, Junhai Liu, Uwe Griebner, Valentin Petrov, Francisco José Valle, Miguel Galán, and Gregorio Viera
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12) 2494-2502 (2006)

Growth, spectroscopy, and tunable laser operation of the disordered crystal LiGd(MoO4)2 doped with ytterbium

Mauricio Rico, Uwe Griebner, Valentin Petrov, Pilar Ortega, Xiumei Han, Concepción Cascales, and Carlos Zaldo
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(6) 1083-1090 (2006)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Zaouter, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, G. L. Leclin, F. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “47-fs diode-pumped Yb3+:CaGdAlO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 119–121 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. F. Pinto, L. Esterowitz, and G. H. Rosenblatt, “Continuous-wave mode-locked 2- µm Tm: YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 17(10), 731–732 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, M. S. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev and S. B. Mirov, “Ultrabroad continuous-wave tuning of ceramic Cr:ZnSe and Cr:ZnS lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America 2010) paper AMC2.
  6. M. N. Cizmeciyan, H. Cankaya, A. Kurt, and A. Sennaroglu, “Kerr-lens mode-locked femtosecond Cr(2+):ZnSe laser at 2420 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3056–3058 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. García-Cortés and C. Cascales, “Crystal growth and optical and spectroscopic characterization of the ytterbium-doped laser molybdate Yb-Li3Gd3Ba2(MoO4)8,” Chem. Mater. 20(12), 3884–3891 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. E. McCumber, “Einstein relationships connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra,” Phys. Rev. 136(4A), A954–A957 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

A. García-Cortés and C. Cascales, “Crystal growth and optical and spectroscopic characterization of the ytterbium-doped laser molybdate Yb-Li3Gd3Ba2(MoO4)8,” Chem. Mater. 20(12), 3884–3891 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

1992 (1)

1964 (1)

D. E. McCumber, “Einstein relationships connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra,” Phys. Rev. 136(4A), A954–A957 (1964).
[Crossref]

Balembois, F.

Brown, C. T. A.

Calvez, S.

Cankaya, H.

Cano-Torres, J. M.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cascales, C.

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. García-Cortés and C. Cascales, “Crystal growth and optical and spectroscopic characterization of the ytterbium-doped laser molybdate Yb-Li3Gd3Ba2(MoO4)8,” Chem. Mater. 20(12), 3884–3891 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cizmeciyan, M. N.

Dawson, M. D.

Didierjean, J.

Druon, F.

Esterowitz, L.

Galán, M.

García-Cortés, A.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. García-Cortés and C. Cascales, “Crystal growth and optical and spectroscopic characterization of the ytterbium-doped laser molybdate Yb-Li3Gd3Ba2(MoO4)8,” Chem. Mater. 20(12), 3884–3891 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[Crossref]

Georges, P.

Goldner, P.

Griebner, U.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gupta, J. A.

Han, X.

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kurt, A.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Leclin, G. L.

Liu, J.

Mateos, X.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[Crossref]

McCumber, D. E.

D. E. McCumber, “Einstein relationships connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra,” Phys. Rev. 136(4A), A954–A957 (1964).
[Crossref]

Petit, J.

Petrov, V.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pinto, J. F.

Rico, M.

Rivier, S.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rosenblatt, G. H.

Sennaroglu, A.

Serrano, M. D.

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sibbett, W.

Valle, F. J.

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Viana, B.

Viera, G.

Zaldo, C.

A. A. Lagatsky, X. Han, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, J. A. Gupta, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond (191 fs) NaY(WO4)2 Tm,Ho-codoped laser at 2060 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3027–3029 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Broadly tunable laser operation near 2 μm in a locally disordered crystal of Tm3+-doped NaGd(WO4)2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(12), 2494–2502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zaouter, Y.

Chem. Mater. (1)

A. García-Cortés and C. Cascales, “Crystal growth and optical and spectroscopic characterization of the ytterbium-doped laser molybdate Yb-Li3Gd3Ba2(MoO4)8,” Chem. Mater. 20(12), 3884–3891 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, S. Rivier, X. Mateos, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Spectroscopy and lasing of Yb-doped NaY(WO4)2: Tunable and femtosecond mode-locked laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(9), 758–764 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, A. García-Cortés, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, F. J. Valle, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Infrared spectroscopic and laser characterization of Tm in disordered double tungstates,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 146(1-3), 22–28 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. (1)

D. E. McCumber, “Einstein relationships connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra,” Phys. Rev. 136(4A), A954–A957 (1964).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, M. S. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev and S. B. Mirov, “Ultrabroad continuous-wave tuning of ceramic Cr:ZnSe and Cr:ZnS lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America 2010) paper AMC2.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) As-grown 5 at% Tm-doped Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 crystal. (b) Anisotropy in the ac plane of the 3H4 optical absorption (α) of Tm3+ and position of a´ and c´ optical axes. (c) 25 °C absorption cross sections (σA) of the 3H4 multiplet for light polarized along the optical axes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption (dashed line), emission (points) cross sections and luminescence (line) of 5 at% Tm doped Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 crystal for light polarized parallel to the three optical axes (a) , (b) b´=b and (c) .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Gain cross sections (σG) of Tm3+ in Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 crystal for different inversion ratios (β) and light polarized parallel to the three optical axes (a) , (b) b=b´ and (c) .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cavity setup of the 10 at% Tm-doped Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 laser excited by a Ti-sapphire laser at λpump= 796.2 nm. λ/2: plate polarization control. L: focusing lens. M1: plane total reflector. OC: output coupler. For tuning experiments, a single plate birefringent filter (Lyot filter) was introduced in the cavity under Brewster angle.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Input-output power characteristics in quasi-cw regime of the 10 at% Tm-doped Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 laser. The symbols are the experimental results and the lines are fits for calculation of the slope efficiency. (a) a-cut sample pumped parallel to b for several TOC. (b) Same sample pumped parallel to c. (c) b-cut sample pumped parallel to a´(▲), c´ (∆) and c (▲),TOC= 4%.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Laser tuning of a 10 at% Tm-doped Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8 crystal obtained with a Lyot filter. The pump light at 796.2 nm was polarized along the crystal c (○) or b (●) axes but the emission was always b polarized. TOC= 2.4%, Pinc= 1.12 W.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ E = σ A Z l Z u exp [ E z l h υ k B T ]

Metrics