Abstract

Four different types of pulses are experimentally obtained in one erbium-doped all-fiber laser with large net-normal dispersion. The proposed laser can deliver the rectangular-spectrum (RS), Gaussian-spectrum (GS), broadband-spectrum (BS), and noise-like pulses by appropriately adjusting the polarization states. These kinds of pulses have distinctly different characteristics. The RS pulses can easily be compressed to femtosecond level whereas the pulse energy is restricted by the trend of multi-pulse shaping with excessive pump. The GS and BS pulses always maintain the single-pulse operation with much higher pulse-energy and accumulate much more chirp. After launching the pulses into the photonic-crystal fiber, the supercontinuum can be generated with the bandwidth of >700 nm by the BS pulses and of ~400 nm by the GS pulses, whereas it can hardly be generated by the RS pulses. The physical mechanisms behind the continuum generation are qualitatively investigated relating to different operating regimes. This work could help to a deeper insight of the normal-dispersion pulses.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (7)

X. M. Liu, “Hysteresis phenomena and multipulse formation of a dissipative system in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63–67 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Pulse evolution without wave breaking in a strongly dissipative-dispersive laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 053819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Baumgartl, B. Ortaç, C. Lecaplain, A. Hideur, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Sub-80 fs dissipative soliton large-mode-area fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2311–2313 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Im, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, and D. I. Yeom, “All-fiber Er-doped dissipative soliton laser based on evanescent field interaction with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22141–22146 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, K. Fuse, B. Xu, and S. Yamashita, “Optical deposition of graphene and carbon nanotubes in a fiber ferrule for passive mode-locked lasing,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23054–23061 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (8)

H. Sayinc, D. Mortag, D. Wandt, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “Sub-100 fs pulses from a low repetition rate Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5731–5735 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Li, H. Sun, A. Lin, K. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Multistability evolution and hysteresis phenomena of dissipative solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser with large normal cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8506–8512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ortaç, M. Baumgartl, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Approaching microjoule-level pulse energy with mode-locked femtosecond fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1585–1587 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cabasse, G. Martel, and J. L. Oudar, “High power dissipative soliton in an Erbium-doped fiber laser mode-locked with a high modulation depth saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9537–9542 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. N. Rozanov, “Dissipative optical solitons,” J. Opt. Technol. 76, 187–198 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and Ph. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124–3128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2005 (4)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau model for ring fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 025604 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistablility and hysteresis phenomena in passive mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Buckley, F. W. Wise, F. O. Ilday, and T. Sosnowski, “Femtosecond fiber lasers with pulse energies above 10 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1888–1890 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and G. Town, “Pulsating solitons, chaotic solitons, period doubling, and pulse coexistence in mode-locked lasers: complex Ginzburg-Landau equation approach,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5 Pt 2), 056602 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1997 (2)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Horowitz, Y. Barad, and Y. Silberberg, “Noiselike pulses with a broadband spectrum generated from an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 22(11), 799–801 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

Akhmediev, N.

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and Ph. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124–3128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and G. Town, “Pulsating solitons, chaotic solitons, period doubling, and pulse coexistence in mode-locked lasers: complex Ginzburg-Landau equation approach,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5 Pt 2), 056602 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ankiewicz, A.

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Q. L.

Barad, Y.

Baumgartl, M.

Buckley, J. R.

J. R. Buckley, F. W. Wise, F. O. Ilday, and T. Sosnowski, “Femtosecond fiber lasers with pulse energies above 10 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1888–1890 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cabasse, A.

Chang, W.

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. Y.

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Currie, M.

Fatemi, F. K.

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fuse, K.

Gong, Y. K.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63–67 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grelu, Ph.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and Ph. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124–3128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, T.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(13), 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hideur, A.

Horowitz, M.

Ilday, F. O.

Ilday, F. Ö.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Im, J. H.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(13), 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Komarov, A.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistablility and hysteresis phenomena in passive mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau model for ring fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 025604 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kracht, D.

Leblond, H.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistablility and hysteresis phenomena in passive mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau model for ring fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 025604 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lecaplain, C.

Lee, J. H.

Li, X.

Limpert, J.

Lin, A.

Liu, A. Q.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, “Pulse evolution without wave breaking in a strongly dissipative-dispersive laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 053819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Li, H. Sun, A. Lin, K. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Multistability evolution and hysteresis phenomena of dissipative solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser with large normal cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8506–8512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X. M.

X. M. Liu, “Hysteresis phenomena and multipulse formation of a dissipative system in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63–67 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Loh, K. P.

Lou, J. W.

Lu, K.

Martel, G.

Martinez, A.

Mortag, D.

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(13), 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neumann, J.

O’Neill, W.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ortaç, B.

Oudar, J. L.

Park, N.

Popa, D.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

Rozanov, N. N.

Rozhin, A. G.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, U. C.

Sanchez, F.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistablility and hysteresis phenomena in passive mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau model for ring fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 025604 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sayinc, H.

Silberberg, Y.

Sosnowski, T.

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and Ph. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124–3128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and G. Town, “Pulsating solitons, chaotic solitons, period doubling, and pulse coexistence in mode-locked lasers: complex Ginzburg-Landau equation approach,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5 Pt 2), 056602 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, H.

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(13), 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, D. Y.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Town, G.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and G. Town, “Pulsating solitons, chaotic solitons, period doubling, and pulse coexistence in mode-locked lasers: complex Ginzburg-Landau equation approach,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(5 Pt 2), 056602 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

Wandt, D.

Wang, F.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, T. Hasan, D. Popa, W. O’Neill, and A. C. Ferrari, “A compact, high power, ultrafast laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 253102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Wang, L. R.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 63–67 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wise, F. W.

J. R. Buckley, F. W. Wise, F. O. Ilday, and T. Sosnowski, “Femtosecond fiber lasers with pulse energies above 10 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1888–1890 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. P f: forward pump, P b: backward pump.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

RS pulse operation: (a) optical spectrum, (b) autocorrelation trace for the original chirped DS, (c) autocorrelation trace for dechirped pulse, and (d) rf spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

GS pulse operation: (a) optical spectra and (b) autocorrelation traces at P f = P b = 100, 300, and 500 mW from bottom to top, respectively. (c) Oscilloscope trace and (d) rf spectrum at P f = P b = 500 mW.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

NL pulse operation: (a) optical spectra, (b) autocorrelation trace, and (c) rf spectrum.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BS pulse operation: (a) optical spectra, (b) autocorrelation trace, (c) oscilloscope trace, and (d) rf spectra (inset: 1-GHz span range).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

SC generation in the PCF with different types of input pulses.

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