Abstract

Speckle generation is an inherent problem of holography. A speckle-reduction technique employing a time-multiplexing method is proposed. Object points constituting a reconstructed image are divided into multiple object point groups consisting of sparse object points, and the object point groups are displayed time sequentially. The sparseness and temporal summation enable the suppression of speckle generation. The object point group is decomposed into multiple bit planes to represent the grayscale of object points, and binary holograms are generated from the bit plane patterns by using a half-zone plate technique. The binary holograms are displayed by a high-speed spatial light modulator.

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References

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  1. D. Gabor, “Microscopy by recorded wavefronts,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 197(1051), 454–487 (1949).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. N. Leith and J. Upatnieks, “Reconstructed wavefronts and communication theory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52(10), 1123–1130 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Yamaguchi, H. Endoh, T. Honda, and N. Ohyama, “High-quality recording of a full-parallax holographic sterogram with a digital diffuser,” Opt. Lett. 19(2), 135–137 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Amako, H. Miura, and T. Sonehara, “Speckle-noise reduction on kinoform reconstruction using a phase-only spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 34(17), 3165–3171 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Schwerdtner, N. Leister, and R. Häussler, “A New Approach to Electro-Holography for TV and Projection Displays”, in SID 2007 International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers, 1224 – 1227 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Takaki, M. Yokouchi, and N. Okada, “Improvement of grayscale representation of the horizontally scanning holographic display,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24926–24936 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  22. T. Mishina, F. Okano, and I. Yuyama, “Time-alternating method based on single-sideband holography with half-zone-plate processing for the enlargement of viewing zones,” Appl. Opt. 38(17), 3703–3713 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Takaki and Y. Tanemoto, “Band-limited zone plates for single-sideband holography,” Appl. Opt. 48(34), H64–H70 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (4)

2003 (1)

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1996 (1)

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

1975 (1)

1968 (2)

1965 (1)

1962 (1)

1949 (1)

D. Gabor, “Microscopy by recorded wavefronts,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 197(1051), 454–487 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Amako, J.

Bannister, R. W.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Benckert, L.

Bryngdahl, O.

Cai, A.

Cameron, C. D.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Clark, M.

Coomber, S. D.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cresswell, I. G.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Endoh, H.

Fukaya, N.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gabor, D.

D. Gabor, “Microscopy by recorded wavefronts,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 197(1051), 454–487 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Gerritsen, H. J.

Goldfischer, L. I.

Hahn, J.

Hannan, W. J.

Honda, T.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamaguchi, H. Endoh, T. Honda, and N. Ohyama, “High-quality recording of a full-parallax holographic sterogram with a digital diffuser,” Opt. Lett. 19(2), 135–137 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hughes, J. R.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hui, V.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huntley, J. M.

Jackson, P. O.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kang, H.

Kim, H.

Lee, B.

Leith, E. N.

Lim, Y.

Lohmann, A.

Maeno, K.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Matsumura, M.

Milham, K. A.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. J.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mishina, T.

Miura, H.

Nishikawa, O.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ohyama, N.

Okada, N.

Okano, F.

Onural, L.

Park, G.

Payne, D. A.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Quarrel, J.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ramberg, E. G.

Sato, K.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scattergood, D. C.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Slinger, C. W.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. P.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M. A. G.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sonehara, T.

Stanley, M.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.-A.

Takaki, Y.

Tanemoto, Y.

Tipton, D. L.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Upatnieks, J.

Watson, P. J.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Webber, P. J.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wyrowski, F.

Yamaguchi, M.

Yaras, F.

Yokouchi, M.

Yuyama, I.

Appl. Opt. (9)

H. J. Gerritsen, W. J. Hannan, and E. G. Ramberg, “Elimination of speckle noise in holograms with redundancy,” Appl. Opt. 7(11), 2301–2311 (1968).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Amako, H. Miura, and T. Sonehara, “Speckle-noise reduction on kinoform reconstruction using a phase-only spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 34(17), 3165–3171 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Yaraş, H. Kang, and L. Onural, “Real-time phase-only color holographic video display system using LED illumination,” Appl. Opt. 48(34), H48–H53 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Matsumura, “Speckle noise reduction by random phase shifters,” Appl. Opt. 14(3), 660–665 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Huntley and L. Benckert, “Speckle interferometry: noise reduction by correlation fringe averaging,” Appl. Opt. 31(14), 2412–2414 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Takaki and N. Okada, “Hologram generation by horizontal scanning of a high-speed spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 48(17), 3255 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Clark, “Two-dimensional, three-dimensional, and gray-scale images reconstructed from computer-generated holograms designed by use of a direct-search method,” Appl. Opt. 38(25), 5331–5337 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Mishina, F. Okano, and I. Yuyama, “Time-alternating method based on single-sideband holography with half-zone-plate processing for the enlargement of viewing zones,” Appl. Opt. 38(17), 3703–3713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takaki and Y. Tanemoto, “Band-limited zone plates for single-sideband holography,” Appl. Opt. 48(34), H64–H70 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. R. Soc. Lond. (1)

D. Gabor, “Microscopy by recorded wavefronts,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 197(1051), 454–487 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15 mega pixels LCD,” Proc. SPIE 2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

SPIE (1)

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100-megapixel computer-generated holographic images from Active Tiling: a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

A. Schwerdtner, N. Leister, and R. Häussler, “A New Approach to Electro-Holography for TV and Projection Displays”, in SID 2007 International Symposium, Digest of Technical Papers, 1224 – 1227 (2007).

M. Lucente, and T. A. Galyean, “Rendering interactive holographic images,” in Proceedings of SIGGRAPH’95 (Los Angeles, California, 1995), pp. 387–394.

T. S. McKechnie, “Speckle reduction,” in Laser Speckle and Related Phenomena, J.C.Dainty, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1975).

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

3D image consisting of object point groups Gt .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Speckle-free generation of object points using high-speed SLM: (a) arrangement of object point groups and (b) hologram patterns for generating object point groups.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Grayscale representation by time-multiplexing technique.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of horizontal and vertical spot sizes of an object point on its depth.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spot size and interval of object points to avoid interference.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental 4f imaging system.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Reconstructed images of object point groups: (a) S = 16, (b) S = 32, (c) S = 48, and (d) S = 64.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Vertical intensity distributions of reconstructed images of object point groups shown in Fig. 7: (a) S = 16, (b) S = 32, (c) S = 48, and (d) S = 64.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Reconstructed images of 16 × 16 object points displayed at distances of (a) 75.4 mm (zmax ), (b) 56.6 mm (3zmax /4), (c) 37.7 mm (zmax /2), and (d) 18.9 mm (zmax /4).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Vertical intensity distribution of reconstructed images of 16 × 16 object points displayed at distances of (a) 75.4 mm (zmax ), (b) 56.6 mm (3zmax /4), (c) 37.7 mm (zmax /2), and (d) 18.9 mm (zmax /4).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Reconstructed image of test pattern consisting of eight rectangles with different gray levels.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Measured characteristic of grayscale representation of the proposed technique.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Data of 3D images used for the experiment: (a) texture and (b) depth of “truck,” and (c) texture and (d) depth of “castle.”

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Reconstructed 3D images: (a) truck and (b) castle.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Maximum depth zmax [mm] for several values of K

Tables Icon

Table 2 Number of object points in the reconstructed image

Metrics