Abstract

We present simple and compact (1.5m x 0.5m footprint) post-compression of a state-of-the-art fiber chirped pulse amplification system. By using two stage nonlinear compression in noble gas filled hollow core fibers we shorten 1 mJ, 480 fs, 50 kHz pulses. The first stage is a 53 cm long, 200 µm inner diameter fiber filled with xenon with subsequent compression in a chirped mirror compressor. A 20 cm, 200 µm inner diameter fiber filled with argon further broadens the spectrum in a second stage and compression is achieved with another set of chirped mirrors. The average power is 24.5 W / 19 W after the first / second stage, respectively. Compression to 35 fs is achieved. Numerical simulations, agreeing well with experimental data, yield a peak power of 5.7 GW at a pulse energy of 380 µJ making this an interesting source for high harmonic generation at high repetition rate and average power.

© 2011 OSA

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2010 (7)

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, F. Tavella, A. Willner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High harmonic generation by novel fiber amplifier based sources,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20242–20250 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-19-20242 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, A. Willner, J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, E. Seise, S. Düsterer, T. Tschentscher, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and J. Rossbach, “Fiber-amplifier pumped high average power few-cycle pulse non-collinear OPCPA,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4689–4694 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-5-4689 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, E. Seise, M. Krebs, F. Tavella, A. Willner, S. Düsterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, J. Rossbach, and A. Tünnermann, “High average and peak power few-cycle laser pulses delivered by fiber pumped OPCPA system,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12719–12726 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-12-12719 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bohman, A. Suda, T. Kanai, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 5.0 fs, 5.0 mJ pulses at 1kHz using hollow-fiber pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1887–1889 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-35-11-1887 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. Dutin, A. Dubrouil, S. Petit, E. Mével, E. Constant, and D. Descamps, “Post-compression of high-energy femtosecond pulses using gas ionization,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 253–255 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-35-2-253 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High energy ultrashort pulses via hollow fiber compression of a fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3913–3922 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-5-3913 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Chen, M. R. Gerrity, S. Backus, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, P. Arpin, X. Zhang, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Spatially coherent, phase matched, high-order harmonic EUV beams at 50 kHz,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17376–17383 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17376 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Boullet, Y. Zaouter, J. Limpert, S. Petit, Y. Mairesse, B. Fabre, J. Higuet, E. Mével, E. Constant, and E. Cormier, “High-order harmonic generation at a megahertz-level repetition rate directly driven by an ytterbium-doped-fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 34(9), 1489–1491 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-34-9-1489 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Haarlammert and H. Zacharias, “Application of high harmonic radiation in surface science,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 13(1-2), 13–27 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(25), 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, and J. Ye, “Efficient output coupling of intracavity high-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1099–1101 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-33-10-1099 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y. J. Kim, I. Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453(7196), 757–760 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

X. Zang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Quasi-Phase-Matching and Quantum Path Control of High-Harmonic Generation using Counterpropagating Light,” Nat. Phys. 3(4), 270–275 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Seres, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, Ch. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Coherent Superposition of laser-driven soft-X-ray harmonics from successive sources,” Nat. Phys. 3(12), 878–883 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Gagnon, P. Ranitovic, X. M. Tong, C. L. Cocke, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and A. S. Sandhu, “Soft X-ray-driven femtosecond molecular dynamics,” Science 317(5843), 1374–1378 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 32(24), 3495–3497 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-32-24-3495 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, “Multiphoton intrapulse interference. IV. Ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation,” Opt. Lett. 29(7), 775–777 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Eden, “High-order harmonic generation and other intense optical field-matter interactions: review of recent experimental and theoretical advances,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 28(3-4), 197–246 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421(6918), 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Lindner, W. Stremme, M. G. Schätzel, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Hartmann, and L. Strüder, “High-order harmonic generation at a repetition rate of 100 kHz,” Phys. Rev. A 68(1), 013814 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel-high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 189–196 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Kraĭnov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an altering electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

1964 (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, “Hollow Metallic and Dielectric Waveguides for Long Distance Optical Transmission and Lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783–1809 (1964).

Albert, O.

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Kraĭnov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an altering electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Apolonski, A.

A. Ozawa, J. Rauschenberger, Ch. Gohle, M. Herrmann, D. R. Walker, V. Pervak, A. Fernandez, R. Graf, A. Apolonski, R. Holzwarth, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High harmonic frequency combs for high resolution spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(25), 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arpin, P.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Chen, M. R. Gerrity, S. Backus, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, P. Arpin, X. Zhang, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Spatially coherent, phase matched, high-order harmonic EUV beams at 50 kHz,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17376–17383 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17376 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Augé-Rochereau, F.

Azzeer, A. M.

E. Goulielmakis, Z. H. Loh, A. Wirth, R. Santra, N. Rohringer, V. S. Yakovlev, S. Zherebtsov, T. Pfeifer, A. M. Azzeer, M. F. Kling, S. R. Leone, and F. Krausz, “Real-time observation of valence electron motion,” Nature 466(7307), 739–743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

Baer, C. R. E.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R. A.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421(6918), 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benabid, F.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bohman, S.

Boullet, J.

Burgy, F.

Chambaret, J.-P.

Chen, M.-C.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Chen, M. R. Gerrity, S. Backus, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, P. Arpin, X. Zhang, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Spatially coherent, phase matched, high-order harmonic EUV beams at 50 kHz,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17376–17383 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-20-17376 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Z.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel-high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 189–196 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chériaux, G.

Christov, I. P.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421(6918), 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cocke, C. L.

E. Gagnon, P. Ranitovic, X. M. Tong, C. L. Cocke, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and A. S. Sandhu, “Soft X-ray-driven femtosecond molecular dynamics,” Science 317(5843), 1374–1378 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen, O.

R. L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D. A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D. M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R. I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop coherent high-harmonic soft-X-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(9), 098103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Quasi-Phase-Matching and Quantum Path Control of High-Harmonic Generation using Counterpropagating Light,” Nat. Phys. 3(4), 270–275 (2007).
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M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(17), 173901 (2010).
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Appl. Phys. B (2)

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “A novel-high energy pulse compression system: generation of multigigawatt sub-5-fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 189–196 (1997).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Performance of the fiber chirped pulse amplification system. (a) Measured autocorrelation (blue) together with the autocorrelation retrieved by the FROG measurement (gray). (b) Measured spectrum (blue) together with the corresponding spectrum (gray) and phase (green) retrieved by the FROG measurement. (c) Temporal pulse profile (blue) and phase (green) of the compressed pulses retrieved by the FROG measurement indicating a peak power of 1.8 GW.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output energy after propagating the 1mJ, 480 fs pulses through a 53 cm, 200 µm inner diameter fiber filled with xenon at various pressure.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup used for double-stage nonlinear compression. The pulses of a fiber chirped pulse amplification (FCPA) system are coupled to a first hollow core fiber that sits on a V-groove in a chamber filled with xenon. Subsequent compression is achieved by a chirped mirror compressor. Next, the compressed pulses are coupled to a second hollow core fiber filled with argon followed by another chirped mirror compressor. The output is analyzed with an autocorrelator (AC) and an optical spectrum analyzer (OSA).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured (blue) and simulated spectrum (gray) after the first stage. (b) Measured (blue) and simulated (gray) autocorrelation of the compressed pulses after the first stage. (c) Collimated beam after the compressor of the first stage.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Measured (blue) and simulated spectrum (gray) after the second stage. (b) Measured (blue) and simulated (gray) autocorrelation of the compressed pulses after the second stage. (c) Collimated beam after the compressor of the second stage.

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