Abstract

We investigated the optical properties of a one-dimensional photonic crystal infiltrated with a bistable chiral tilted homeotropic nematic liquid crystal as the central defect layer. By modulating the nematic director orientation with applied voltage, the electrical tunability of the defect modes was observed in the transmission spectrum. The composite not only is a general tunable device but also involves the green concept in that it can operate in two stable states at 0 V. Under the parallel-polarizer scheme, the spectral characteristics suggest a potential application for this device as an energy-efficient multichannel optical switch.

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  1. E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(20), 2059–2062 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(23), 2486–2489 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482–L1484 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electrically color-tunable defect mode lasing in one-dimensional photonic-band-gap system containing liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(21), 3593–3594 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Pinkevych, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tunable all-optical switching in periodic structures with liquid-crystal defects,” Opt. Express 14(7), 2839–2844 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Ozaki, H. Moritake, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, “Analysis of defect mode switching response time in one-dimensional photonic crystal with a nematic liquid crystal defect layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033503 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. U. A. Laudyn, A. E. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. F. Chen, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. Karpierz, “Observation of light-induced reorientational effects in periodic structures with planar nematic-liquid-crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(20), 203304 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. A. Myslivets, V. A. Gunyakov, A. M. Parshin, V. G. Arkhipkin, V. F. Shabanov, and W. Lee, “Magnetic-field tunable defect modes in a photonic-crystal/liquid-crystal cell,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1283–1288 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y.-T. Lin, W.-Y. Chang, C.-Y. Wu, V. Ya. Zyryanov, and W. Lee, “Optical properties of one-dimensional photonic crystal with a twisted-nematic defect layer,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26959–26964 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J.-S. Hsu, B.-J. Liang, and S.-H. Chen, “Bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5511–5513 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J.-S. Hsu, B.-J. Liang, and S.-H. Chen, “Dynamic behavior of dual frequency liquid crystals in bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051920 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T.-H. Chang, S.-H. Chen, C.-C. Lee, and H.-L. Chen, “Fabrication of autocloned photonic crystals using electron-beam guns with ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 516(6), 1051–1055 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical Switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488, 118–126 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, “All-optical switching and multistability in photonic structures with liquid crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 253306 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Light-induced orientational effects in periodic photonic structures with pure and dye-doped nematic liquid crystal defects,” Phys. Rev. A 78(5), 053823 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B.-J. Liang and C.-L. Lin, “Crucial influence on d/p range in bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(12), 124504 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. J. Deuling, “Deformation of nematic liquid crystals in an electric field,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 19(2), 123–131 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. M. Leslie, “Distortion of twisted orientation patterns in liquid crystals by magnetic fields,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 12(1), 57–72 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. W. Berreman, “Optics in stratified and anisotropic media: 4 × 4-Matrix formulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62(4), 502–510 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. Yeh, “Electromagnetic propagation in birefringent layered media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69(5), 742–756 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2008 (5)

T.-H. Chang, S.-H. Chen, C.-C. Lee, and H.-L. Chen, “Fabrication of autocloned photonic crystals using electron-beam guns with ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 516(6), 1051–1055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical Switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488, 118–126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, “All-optical switching and multistability in photonic structures with liquid crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 253306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Light-induced orientational effects in periodic photonic structures with pure and dye-doped nematic liquid crystal defects,” Phys. Rev. A 78(5), 053823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

U. A. Laudyn, A. E. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. F. Chen, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. Karpierz, “Observation of light-induced reorientational effects in periodic structures with planar nematic-liquid-crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(20), 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

B.-J. Liang and C.-L. Lin, “Crucial influence on d/p range in bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(12), 124504 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, H. Moritake, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, “Analysis of defect mode switching response time in one-dimensional photonic crystal with a nematic liquid crystal defect layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Pinkevych, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tunable all-optical switching in periodic structures with liquid-crystal defects,” Opt. Express 14(7), 2839–2844 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-S. Hsu, B.-J. Liang, and S.-H. Chen, “Dynamic behavior of dual frequency liquid crystals in bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J.-S. Hsu, B.-J. Liang, and S.-H. Chen, “Bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5511–5513 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electrically color-tunable defect mode lasing in one-dimensional photonic-band-gap system containing liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(21), 3593–3594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482–L1484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(20), 2059–2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(23), 2486–2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

1972 (2)

D. W. Berreman, “Optics in stratified and anisotropic media: 4 × 4-Matrix formulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62(4), 502–510 (1972).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Deuling, “Deformation of nematic liquid crystals in an electric field,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 19(2), 123–131 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

F. M. Leslie, “Distortion of twisted orientation patterns in liquid crystals by magnetic fields,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 12(1), 57–72 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Arkhipkin, V. G.

V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. A. Myslivets, V. A. Gunyakov, A. M. Parshin, V. G. Arkhipkin, V. F. Shabanov, and W. Lee, “Magnetic-field tunable defect modes in a photonic-crystal/liquid-crystal cell,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1283–1288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical Switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488, 118–126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berreman, D. W.

Brasselet, E.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Light-induced orientational effects in periodic photonic structures with pure and dye-doped nematic liquid crystal defects,” Phys. Rev. A 78(5), 053823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, “All-optical switching and multistability in photonic structures with liquid crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 253306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, T.-H.

T.-H. Chang, S.-H. Chen, C.-C. Lee, and H.-L. Chen, “Fabrication of autocloned photonic crystals using electron-beam guns with ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 516(6), 1051–1055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.-Y.

Chen, D. F.

U. A. Laudyn, A. E. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. F. Chen, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. Karpierz, “Observation of light-induced reorientational effects in periodic structures with planar nematic-liquid-crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(20), 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.-L.

T.-H. Chang, S.-H. Chen, C.-C. Lee, and H.-L. Chen, “Fabrication of autocloned photonic crystals using electron-beam guns with ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 516(6), 1051–1055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.-H.

T.-H. Chang, S.-H. Chen, C.-C. Lee, and H.-L. Chen, “Fabrication of autocloned photonic crystals using electron-beam guns with ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 516(6), 1051–1055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-S. Hsu, B.-J. Liang, and S.-H. Chen, “Dynamic behavior of dual frequency liquid crystals in bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-S. Hsu, B.-J. Liang, and S.-H. Chen, “Bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5511–5513 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Deuling, H. J.

H. J. Deuling, “Deformation of nematic liquid crystals in an electric field,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 19(2), 123–131 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Gunyakov, V. A.

V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. A. Myslivets, V. A. Gunyakov, A. M. Parshin, V. G. Arkhipkin, V. F. Shabanov, and W. Lee, “Magnetic-field tunable defect modes in a photonic-crystal/liquid-crystal cell,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1283–1288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical Switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488, 118–126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, J.-S.

J.-S. Hsu, B.-J. Liang, and S.-H. Chen, “Dynamic behavior of dual frequency liquid crystals in bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-S. Hsu, B.-J. Liang, and S.-H. Chen, “Bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5511–5513 (2004).
[CrossRef]

John, S.

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(23), 2486–2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karpierz, A.

U. A. Laudyn, A. E. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. F. Chen, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. Karpierz, “Observation of light-induced reorientational effects in periodic structures with planar nematic-liquid-crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(20), 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

U. A. Laudyn, A. E. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. F. Chen, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. Karpierz, “Observation of light-induced reorientational effects in periodic structures with planar nematic-liquid-crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(20), 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, “All-optical switching and multistability in photonic structures with liquid crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 253306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Light-induced orientational effects in periodic photonic structures with pure and dye-doped nematic liquid crystal defects,” Phys. Rev. A 78(5), 053823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Pinkevych, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tunable all-optical switching in periodic structures with liquid-crystal defects,” Opt. Express 14(7), 2839–2844 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krolikowski, W.

U. A. Laudyn, A. E. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. F. Chen, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. Karpierz, “Observation of light-induced reorientational effects in periodic structures with planar nematic-liquid-crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(20), 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laudyn, U. A.

U. A. Laudyn, A. E. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. F. Chen, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. Karpierz, “Observation of light-induced reorientational effects in periodic structures with planar nematic-liquid-crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(20), 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-C.

T.-H. Chang, S.-H. Chen, C.-C. Lee, and H.-L. Chen, “Fabrication of autocloned photonic crystals using electron-beam guns with ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 516(6), 1051–1055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

Leslie, F. M.

F. M. Leslie, “Distortion of twisted orientation patterns in liquid crystals by magnetic fields,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 12(1), 57–72 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Liang, B.-J.

B.-J. Liang and C.-L. Lin, “Crucial influence on d/p range in bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(12), 124504 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J.-S. Hsu, B.-J. Liang, and S.-H. Chen, “Dynamic behavior of dual frequency liquid crystals in bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-S. Hsu, B.-J. Liang, and S.-H. Chen, “Bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5511–5513 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-L.

B.-J. Liang and C.-L. Lin, “Crucial influence on d/p range in bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(12), 124504 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.-T.

Matsui, T.

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electrically color-tunable defect mode lasing in one-dimensional photonic-band-gap system containing liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(21), 3593–3594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482–L1484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Light-induced orientational effects in periodic photonic structures with pure and dye-doped nematic liquid crystal defects,” Phys. Rev. A 78(5), 053823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, “All-optical switching and multistability in photonic structures with liquid crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 253306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

U. A. Laudyn, A. E. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. F. Chen, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. Karpierz, “Observation of light-induced reorientational effects in periodic structures with planar nematic-liquid-crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(20), 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, I. Pinkevych, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tunable all-optical switching in periodic structures with liquid-crystal defects,” Opt. Express 14(7), 2839–2844 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moritake, H.

R. Ozaki, H. Moritake, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, “Analysis of defect mode switching response time in one-dimensional photonic crystal with a nematic liquid crystal defect layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Myslivets, S. A.

V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. A. Myslivets, V. A. Gunyakov, A. M. Parshin, V. G. Arkhipkin, V. F. Shabanov, and W. Lee, “Magnetic-field tunable defect modes in a photonic-crystal/liquid-crystal cell,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1283–1288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical Switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488, 118–126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, M.

R. Ozaki, H. Moritake, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, “Analysis of defect mode switching response time in one-dimensional photonic crystal with a nematic liquid crystal defect layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electrically color-tunable defect mode lasing in one-dimensional photonic-band-gap system containing liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(21), 3593–3594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482–L1484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, R.

R. Ozaki, H. Moritake, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, “Analysis of defect mode switching response time in one-dimensional photonic crystal with a nematic liquid crystal defect layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electrically color-tunable defect mode lasing in one-dimensional photonic-band-gap system containing liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(21), 3593–3594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482–L1484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Parshin, A. M.

Pinkevych, I.

Shabanov, V. F.

V. Ya. Zyryanov, S. A. Myslivets, V. A. Gunyakov, A. M. Parshin, V. G. Arkhipkin, V. F. Shabanov, and W. Lee, “Magnetic-field tunable defect modes in a photonic-crystal/liquid-crystal cell,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1283–1288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical Switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488, 118–126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.-Y.

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(20), 2059–2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yeh, P.

Yoshino, K.

R. Ozaki, H. Moritake, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, “Analysis of defect mode switching response time in one-dimensional photonic crystal with a nematic liquid crystal defect layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electrically color-tunable defect mode lasing in one-dimensional photonic-band-gap system containing liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(21), 3593–3594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482–L1484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zyryanov, V. Ya.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electrically color-tunable defect mode lasing in one-dimensional photonic-band-gap system containing liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(21), 3593–3594 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. A. Laudyn, A. E. Miroshnichenko, W. Krolikowski, D. F. Chen, Y. S. Kivshar, and A. Karpierz, “Observation of light-induced reorientational effects in periodic structures with planar nematic-liquid-crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(20), 203304 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J.-S. Hsu, B.-J. Liang, and S.-H. Chen, “Bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(23), 5511–5513 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-S. Hsu, B.-J. Liang, and S.-H. Chen, “Dynamic behavior of dual frequency liquid crystals in bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(5), 051920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, “All-optical switching and multistability in photonic structures with liquid crystal defects,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(25), 253306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

B.-J. Liang and C.-L. Lin, “Crucial influence on d/p range in bistable chiral tilted-homeotropic nematic liquid crystal cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(12), 124504 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, H. Moritake, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, “Analysis of defect mode switching response time in one-dimensional photonic crystal with a nematic liquid crystal defect layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable defect mode in one-dimensional periodic structure containing nematic liquid crystal as a defect layer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482–L1484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) (3)

H. J. Deuling, “Deformation of nematic liquid crystals in an electric field,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 19(2), 123–131 (1972).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Leslie, “Distortion of twisted orientation patterns in liquid crystals by magnetic fields,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 12(1), 57–72 (1970).
[CrossRef]

V. Ya. Zyryanov, V. A. Gunyakov, S. A. Myslivets, V. G. Arkhipkin, and V. F. Shabanov, “Electrooptical Switching in a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 488, 118–126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Light-induced orientational effects in periodic photonic structures with pure and dye-doped nematic liquid crystal defects,” Phys. Rev. A 78(5), 053823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(20), 2059–2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(23), 2486–2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thin Solid Films (1)

T.-H. Chang, S.-H. Chen, C.-C. Lee, and H.-L. Chen, “Fabrication of autocloned photonic crystals using electron-beam guns with ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 516(6), 1051–1055 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

One-dimensional photonic crystal containing liquid crystal as the central defect layer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra of the dielectric mirror (thick black curve) and the empty PC cell (thin red curve) with air as the defect layer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photographs and LC configurations of the transmissive PC/BHN device under the crossed-polarizer condition. (a) tH state at 0 V; (b) bH state at 10 V and 1 kHz; (c) bT state at 10 V and 100 kHz; (d) tT state at 0 V. The arrows labeled P, A and R indicate the transmission axes of the polarizer and analyzer as well as the rubbing directions, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission spectra within the photonic bandgap of the PC/BHN without polarizers. The operation voltage is 10 Vrms for the biased states. (a) Four different states and (b) the two homeotropic states.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Redshift of the defect modes in the bT state as voltage increases.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transmission spectra within the photonic bandgap of the PC/BHN with parallel polarizers. The operation voltage is fixed at 10 Vrms for the biased states. (a) Four different states and (b) the two stable states.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Simulated and experimental transmission spectra of the PC/BHN cell in (a) the tH state and (b) the tT state in the parallel-polarizer scheme.

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