Abstract

Multi-tone radiation is a promising technique to suppress stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) effects and improve the ultimate output power of the fiber laser/amplifier. Coherent beam combining of fiber lasers/ amplifiers is another feasible way to increase the output laser power from single gain medium while simultaneously maintaining good beam quality. In this paper, we combine the multi-tone driven all-fiber amplifiers and active phase compensation to demonstrate high power phase locking for coherent beam combining. First, we present the theory of coherent beam combining of multi-tone lasers. Second, we optimize the all-fiber power amplifier oscillator power-amplifier (MOPA) system with high scalability and flexibility based on compact, high efficiency Yb-doped fiber amplifier chains. Then, two categories of multi-tone master oscillators are used to driven the amplifier chains. The first category is two coupled single-frequency lasers and the second is a frequency modulated single-frequency laser. The output powers are all boosted to 275W without any distinct SBS. Last, phase locking of the amplifier chains are implemented using stochastic parallel gradient descent (SPGD) algorithm. Scaling this configuration to a higher power involves increasing the power per chain and adding the number of amplifier channels.

© 2011 OSA

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2011

2010

2009

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, “Low-phase-noise, single-frequency, single-mode 608 W thulium fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1204–1206 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, “Beam shaping of single-mode and multimode fiber amplifier arrays for propagation through atmospheric turbulence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 257–268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, “Adaptive array of phase-locked fiber collimators analysis and experimental demonstration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 269–280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, “Coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers using stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm and its application,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 248–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Dajani, C. Zeringue, and T. Shay, “Investigation of nonlinear effects in multitone-driven narrow-linewidth high-power amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 406–414 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Mitchell, A. Janssen, and J. K. Luo, “High performance laser linewidth broadening for stimulated Brillouin suppression with zero parasitic amplitude modulation,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(9), 93101–93104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

L. Jianfeng, D. Kailiang, W. Yishan, Z. Wei, Z. Jianhua, and G. Yongkang, “High-power coherent beam combining of two photonic crystal fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 888–890 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Mermelstein, K. Brar, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, M. Fishteyn, C. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “All-fiber 194 W single-frequency single-mode Yb-doped master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Fiber Lasers V: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Jes Broeng and Clifford Headley eds. Proc. SPIE 6873, 68730L-1–68731L-6 (2008).

I. Dajani, C. Zeringue, T. J. Bronder, T. Shay, A. Gavrielides, and R. Craig, “A theoretical treatment of two approaches to SBS mitigation with two-tone amplification,” Opt. Express 16(18), 14233–14247 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

A. Liu, “Suppressing stimulated Brillouin scattering in fiber amplifiers using nonuniform fiber and temperature gradient,” Opt. Express 15(3), 977–984 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lhermite, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, and A. Barthelemy, “Passive phase locking of an array of four fiber amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop,” Opt. Lett. 32(13), 1842–1844 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. Li, V. L. Temyanko, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, “Phase-locked multicore all-fiber lasers: modeling and experimental investigation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1721–1728 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Gray, A. Liu, D. T. Walton, J. Wang, M. J. Li, X. Chen, A. B. Ruffin, J. A. DeMeritt, and L. A. Zenteno, “502 Watt, single transverse mode, narrow linewidth, bidirectionally pumped Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17044–17050 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Bake, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and A. C. A. Lu, “Self synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 480–486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. P. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront phase tip-tilt compensation using piezoelectric fiber positioners,” Atmospheric Optics: Models, Measurements, and Target-in-the-Loop Propagation, Stephen M. Hammel, Alexander M. J. van Eijk, Michael T. Valley, Mikhail A. Vorontsov, eds., Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K-1–67081K-12 (2007).

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

V. I. Kovalev and R. G. Harrison, “Suppression of stimulated Brillouin scattering in high-power single-frequency fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(2), 161–163 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, D. Pilkington, J. Spring, D. J. Nelson, and C. A. Lu, “First experimental demonstration of self-synchronous phase locking of an optical array,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12015–12021 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, “Coherently coupled high power fiber arrays,” Fiber Lasers III: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Andrew J. W. Brown, Johan Nilsson, Donald J. Harter, Andreas Tünnermann, eds., Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U-1–61021U-5 (2006).

2005

M. Vorontsov, “Adaptive photonics phase-locked elements (APPLE): system architecture and wavefront control concept,” Target-in-the-Loop: Atmospheric Tracking, Imaging, and Compensation II, Michael T. Valley, Mikhail A. Vorontsov, eds., Proc. SPIE 5895, 589501-1–589501-9 (2005).

2004

2000

Adel, P.

Anderegg, J.

G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, “Coherently coupled high power fiber arrays,” Fiber Lasers III: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Andrew J. W. Brown, Johan Nilsson, Donald J. Harter, Andreas Tünnermann, eds., Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U-1–61021U-5 (2006).

Andrejco, M. J.

M. D. Mermelstein, K. Brar, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, M. Fishteyn, C. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “All-fiber 194 W single-frequency single-mode Yb-doped master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Fiber Lasers V: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Jes Broeng and Clifford Headley eds. Proc. SPIE 6873, 68730L-1–68731L-6 (2008).

Aschenbach, K.

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, “Adaptive array of phase-locked fiber collimators analysis and experimental demonstration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 269–280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Asman, C. P.

G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, M.

Augst, S. J.

Bake, J. T.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Bake, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and A. C. A. Lu, “Self synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 480–486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baker, J. T.

Barthelemy, A.

Benham, V.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Bake, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and A. C. A. Lu, “Self synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 480–486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, D. Pilkington, J. Spring, D. J. Nelson, and C. A. Lu, “First experimental demonstration of self-synchronous phase locking of an optical array,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12015–12021 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bennai, B.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, “Beam shaping of single-mode and multimode fiber amplifier arrays for propagation through atmospheric turbulence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 257–268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beresnev, L. A.

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, “Adaptive array of phase-locked fiber collimators analysis and experimental demonstration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 269–280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. P. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront phase tip-tilt compensation using piezoelectric fiber positioners,” Atmospheric Optics: Models, Measurements, and Target-in-the-Loop Propagation, Stephen M. Hammel, Alexander M. J. van Eijk, Michael T. Valley, Mikhail A. Vorontsov, eds., Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K-1–67081K-12 (2007).

Book, L. D.

Bourdon, P.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, “Beam shaping of single-mode and multimode fiber amplifier arrays for propagation through atmospheric turbulence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 257–268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brar, K.

M. D. Mermelstein, K. Brar, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, M. Fishteyn, C. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “All-fiber 194 W single-frequency single-mode Yb-doped master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Fiber Lasers V: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Jes Broeng and Clifford Headley eds. Proc. SPIE 6873, 68730L-1–68731L-6 (2008).

Bronder, T. J.

Brosnan, S.

G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, “Coherently coupled high power fiber arrays,” Fiber Lasers III: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Andrew J. W. Brown, Johan Nilsson, Donald J. Harter, Andreas Tünnermann, eds., Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U-1–61021U-5 (2006).

Canat, G.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, “Beam shaping of single-mode and multimode fiber amplifier arrays for propagation through atmospheric turbulence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 257–268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carhart, G. W.

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, “Adaptive array of phase-locked fiber collimators analysis and experimental demonstration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 269–280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Cheung, E.

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, “Coherently coupled high power fiber arrays,” Fiber Lasers III: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Andrew J. W. Brown, Johan Nilsson, Donald J. Harter, Andreas Tünnermann, eds., Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U-1–61021U-5 (2006).

Cheung, E. C.

G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Craig, R.

Culpepper, M. A.

Dajani, I.

DeMeritt, J. A.

Desfarges-Berthelemot, A.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

M. D. Mermelstein, K. Brar, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, M. Fishteyn, C. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “All-fiber 194 W single-frequency single-mode Yb-doped master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Fiber Lasers V: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Jes Broeng and Clifford Headley eds. Proc. SPIE 6873, 68730L-1–68731L-6 (2008).

Eberhardt, R.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Epp, P.

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, “Coherently coupled high power fiber arrays,” Fiber Lasers III: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Andrew J. W. Brown, Johan Nilsson, Donald J. Harter, Andreas Tünnermann, eds., Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U-1–61021U-5 (2006).

Fallnich, C.

Fan, T. Y.

Fishteyn, M.

M. D. Mermelstein, K. Brar, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, M. Fishteyn, C. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “All-fiber 194 W single-frequency single-mode Yb-doped master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Fiber Lasers V: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Jes Broeng and Clifford Headley eds. Proc. SPIE 6873, 68730L-1–68731L-6 (2008).

Gavrielides, A.

Goldberg, L.

Goodno, G. D.

G. D. Goodno, S. J. McNaught, J. E. Rothenberg, T. S. McComb, P. A. Thielen, M. G. Wickham, and M. E. Weber, “Active phase and polarization locking of a 1.4 kW fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1542–1544 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
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J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, “Coherently coupled high power fiber arrays,” Fiber Lasers III: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Andrew J. W. Brown, Johan Nilsson, Donald J. Harter, Andreas Tünnermann, eds., Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U-1–61021U-5 (2006).

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Headley, C.

M. D. Mermelstein, K. Brar, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, M. Fishteyn, C. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “All-fiber 194 W single-frequency single-mode Yb-doped master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Fiber Lasers V: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Jes Broeng and Clifford Headley eds. Proc. SPIE 6873, 68730L-1–68731L-6 (2008).

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Hickey, L. M. B.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
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G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
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P. Mitchell, A. Janssen, and J. K. Luo, “High performance laser linewidth broadening for stimulated Brillouin suppression with zero parasitic amplitude modulation,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(9), 93101–93104 (2009).
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Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
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L. Jianfeng, D. Kailiang, W. Yishan, Z. Wei, Z. Jianhua, and G. Yongkang, “High-power coherent beam combining of two photonic crystal fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 888–890 (2008).
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L. Jianfeng, D. Kailiang, W. Yishan, Z. Wei, Z. Jianhua, and G. Yongkang, “High-power coherent beam combining of two photonic crystal fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 888–890 (2008).
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V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, “Beam shaping of single-mode and multimode fiber amplifier arrays for propagation through atmospheric turbulence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 257–268 (2009).
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Kailiang, D.

L. Jianfeng, D. Kailiang, W. Yishan, Z. Wei, Z. Jianhua, and G. Yongkang, “High-power coherent beam combining of two photonic crystal fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 888–890 (2008).
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Kliner, D. A.

Klingebiel, S.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
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G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, “Coherently coupled high power fiber arrays,” Fiber Lasers III: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Andrew J. W. Brown, Johan Nilsson, Donald J. Harter, Andreas Tünnermann, eds., Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U-1–61021U-5 (2006).

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J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
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Liu, L.

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, “Adaptive array of phase-locked fiber collimators analysis and experimental demonstration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 269–280 (2009).
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L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. P. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront phase tip-tilt compensation using piezoelectric fiber positioners,” Atmospheric Optics: Models, Measurements, and Target-in-the-Loop Propagation, Stephen M. Hammel, Alexander M. J. van Eijk, Michael T. Valley, Mikhail A. Vorontsov, eds., Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K-1–67081K-12 (2007).

Liu, Z.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, “Coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers using stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm and its application,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 248–256 (2009).
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V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, “Beam shaping of single-mode and multimode fiber amplifier arrays for propagation through atmospheric turbulence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 257–268 (2009).
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G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Bake, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and A. C. A. Lu, “Self synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 480–486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Lu, C. A.

Luo, J. K.

P. Mitchell, A. Janssen, and J. K. Luo, “High performance laser linewidth broadening for stimulated Brillouin suppression with zero parasitic amplitude modulation,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(9), 93101–93104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, “Coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers using stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm and its application,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 248–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, “Coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers using stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm and its application,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 248–256 (2009).
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G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
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McNau, S. J.

G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
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M. D. Mermelstein, K. Brar, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, M. Fishteyn, C. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “All-fiber 194 W single-frequency single-mode Yb-doped master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Fiber Lasers V: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Jes Broeng and Clifford Headley eds. Proc. SPIE 6873, 68730L-1–68731L-6 (2008).

Mitchell, P.

P. Mitchell, A. Janssen, and J. K. Luo, “High performance laser linewidth broadening for stimulated Brillouin suppression with zero parasitic amplitude modulation,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(9), 93101–93104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Moreau, B.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, “Beam shaping of single-mode and multimode fiber amplifier arrays for propagation through atmospheric turbulence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 257–268 (2009).
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Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
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A. Wada, T. Nozawa, D. Tanaka, and R. Yamauchi, “Suppression of SBS by intentionally induced periodic residual-strain in single-mode optical fibers,” Proc. 17 th ECOC PaperB1.1, 25–28 (1991).

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
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J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
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Pilkington, D.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Bake, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and A. C. A. Lu, “Self synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 480–486 (2007).
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T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, D. Pilkington, J. Spring, D. J. Nelson, and C. A. Lu, “First experimental demonstration of self-synchronous phase locking of an optical array,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12015–12021 (2006).
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L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. P. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront phase tip-tilt compensation using piezoelectric fiber positioners,” Atmospheric Optics: Models, Measurements, and Target-in-the-Loop Propagation, Stephen M. Hammel, Alexander M. J. van Eijk, Michael T. Valley, Mikhail A. Vorontsov, eds., Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K-1–67081K-12 (2007).

Pourtal, E.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, “Beam shaping of single-mode and multimode fiber amplifier arrays for propagation through atmospheric turbulence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 257–268 (2009).
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G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
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Röser, F.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
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Ruffin, A. B.

Sahu, J. K.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
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Sanchez, A.

Sanchez, A. D.

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Bake, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and A. C. A. Lu, “Self synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 480–486 (2007).
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T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, D. Pilkington, J. Spring, D. J. Nelson, and C. A. Lu, “First experimental demonstration of self-synchronous phase locking of an optical array,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12015–12021 (2006).
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Schreiber, T.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
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Shay, T.

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T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Bake, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and A. C. A. Lu, “Self synchronous and self-referenced coherent beam combination for large optical arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 480–486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, D. Pilkington, J. Spring, D. J. Nelson, and C. A. Lu, “First experimental demonstration of self-synchronous phase locking of an optical array,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12015–12021 (2006).
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Simpson, R.

G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
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Sollee, J.

G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Spring, J.

Tanaka, D.

A. Wada, T. Nozawa, D. Tanaka, and R. Yamauchi, “Suppression of SBS by intentionally induced periodic residual-strain in single-mode optical fibers,” Proc. 17 th ECOC PaperB1.1, 25–28 (1991).

Temyanko, V. L.

Thielen, P. A.

Tünnermann, A.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vasseur, O.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, “Beam shaping of single-mode and multimode fiber amplifier arrays for propagation through atmospheric turbulence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 257–268 (2009).
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Vorontsov, M. A.

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, “Adaptive array of phase-locked fiber collimators analysis and experimental demonstration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 269–280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. P. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront phase tip-tilt compensation using piezoelectric fiber positioners,” Atmospheric Optics: Models, Measurements, and Target-in-the-Loop Propagation, Stephen M. Hammel, Alexander M. J. van Eijk, Michael T. Valley, Mikhail A. Vorontsov, eds., Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K-1–67081K-12 (2007).

Wada, A.

A. Wada, T. Nozawa, D. Tanaka, and R. Yamauchi, “Suppression of SBS by intentionally induced periodic residual-strain in single-mode optical fibers,” Proc. 17 th ECOC PaperB1.1, 25–28 (1991).

Walton, D. T.

Wandt, D.

Wang, J.

Wang, X.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, “Coherent beam combining of fiber amplifiers using stochastic parallel gradient descent algorithm and its application,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 248–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ward, B.

Weber, M.

G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, “Coherently coupled high power fiber arrays,” Fiber Lasers III: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Andrew J. W. Brown, Johan Nilsson, Donald J. Harter, Andreas Tünnermann, eds., Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U-1–61021U-5 (2006).

Weber, M. E.

Wei, Z.

L. Jianfeng, D. Kailiang, W. Yishan, Z. Wei, Z. Jianhua, and G. Yongkang, “High-power coherent beam combining of two photonic crystal fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 888–890 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, S. B.

G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
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Weyrauch, T.

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, “Adaptive array of phase-locked fiber collimators analysis and experimental demonstration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 269–280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. P. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, “Adaptive phase-locked fiber array with wavefront phase tip-tilt compensation using piezoelectric fiber positioners,” Atmospheric Optics: Models, Measurements, and Target-in-the-Loop Propagation, Stephen M. Hammel, Alexander M. J. van Eijk, Michael T. Valley, Mikhail A. Vorontsov, eds., Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K-1–67081K-12 (2007).

Wickham, M.

G. D. Goodno, C. P. Asman, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. C. Cheung, D. Hammo, H. Injeyan, H. Komine, W. H. Long, M. Jr McClellan, S. J. McNau, S. Redmond, R. Simpson, J. Sollee, M. Weber, S. B. Weiss, and M. Wickham, “Brightness-scaling potential of actively phase-locked solid-state laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 460–472 (2007).
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[CrossRef]

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L. Jianfeng, D. Kailiang, W. Yishan, Z. Wei, Z. Jianhua, and G. Yongkang, “High-power coherent beam combining of two photonic crystal fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 888–890 (2008).
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M. D. Mermelstein, K. Brar, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, M. Fishteyn, C. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “All-fiber 194 W single-frequency single-mode Yb-doped master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Fiber Lasers V: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Jes Broeng and Clifford Headley eds. Proc. SPIE 6873, 68730L-1–68731L-6 (2008).

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, “Coherently coupled high power fiber arrays,” Fiber Lasers III: Technology, Systems, and Applications, Andrew J. W. Brown, Johan Nilsson, Donald J. Harter, Andreas Tünnermann, eds., Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U-1–61021U-5 (2006).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Evolution of intensities and visibilities versus optical path difference in difference power ratio. (a) P1:P2=0.5:0.5, (b) P1:P2=0.66:0.33, (c) P1:P2=0.8:0.2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Intensity distribution of frequency modulated laser and (b) evolution of intensity and visibility versus optical path difference

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup of the multi-tone driven amplifier. (a) Configuration of master oscillator, preamplifier and splitters. (b) Configuration of three stage power amplifier. MO: master oscillator, CI.1, C1, C2: coupler. ISO: isolator, WDM: wavelength division multiplexer. YDF: Yb3+ doped fiber, PM: phase modulator. PD1, PD2, PD3, PDI.1, PDI.2, PDI.3, PDII.1, and PDII.2: photodetector, SMFC: single-mode filter coupler.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output and backward power characteristic of the amplifier chains seeded by (a) seed 1 and (b) seed2

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Power and spectrum characteristic of the two-tone driven amplifier chain (a) output power and backward power versus pump power, (b) spectrum in the amplifier chain.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Power and spectrum characteristic of the multi-tone driven amplifier chain seed by frequency modulated single-frequency laser. (a) output power and backward power versus pump power, (b) spectrum in the amplifier chain, Frequency distribution of the frequency modulated laser before (c) and after (d) the amplifier chain.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental setup of phase locking of two multi-tone driven amplifier chains. MO: master oscillator, PM1, PM2: phase modulator, CO1, CO1: collimator, PD: photodetector.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Results of phase locking for two-tone driven amplifier chains (a) metric function from open-loop to close-loop. (b) lineouts of the interference pattern in open-loop and closed-loop.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Results of phase locking for multi-tone driven amplifier chain seeded by frequency modulated single-frequency laser (a) metric function from open-loop to closed-loop. (b) lineouts of the long exposure interference pattern in open-loop and closed-loop.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I = n = 1 N I ν n ( r m , t ) = n = 1 N | E ν n ( r m , t ) | 2 ,
E ν n ( r m , t ) = m = 1 M E m , n e j ( 2 π ν n t κ n r m ) ,
I = n = 1 N I ν n ( r m , t ) = n = 1 N m i = 1 M m j = 1 M E m i , n E m j , n e j 2 π v n c ( r m i r m j ) ,
I = m i = 1 M m j = 1 M e j 2 π ( v 0 ( N 1 ) Δ ν / 2 ) c ( r m i r m j ) 1 e j 2 π N Δ ν c ( r m i r m j ) 1 e j 2 π Δ ν c ( r m i r m j ) ,
I = 2 ( N + sin ( N π d v Δ l c ) sin ( π d v Δ l c ) cos ( 2 π ν 0 Δ l c ) ) ,
V = | sin ( N π d v Δ l c ) N sin ( π d v Δ l c ) | ,
E m d ( t ) = n = j n J n ( ψ 0 ) e j n ϕ 0 e j ( ω 0 + n ω m ) t ,

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