Abstract

The optical properties of truncated triangular silver nanoprisms and their influences on the fluorescence of europium complex Eu(TTFA)3 were investigated in theory and experiment separately. In theory, we found that the fluorescence of Eu ions would be greatly enhanced by these nanoprisms, the enhancement factor of the fluorescence depended on the concentrations of nanoprisms. They were verified in the experiment. The influence of silver nanoprisms on the radiative and nonradiative decay rates of Eu ions were also deduced, and found that the silver nanoprisms greatly reduced the energy loss caused by the nonradiative decay.

© 2011 OSA

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2010

2009

N. I. Cade, T. Ritman-Meer, K. Kwaka, and D. Richards, “The plasmonic engineering of metal nanoparticles for enhanced fluorescence and Raman scattering,” Nanotechnology 20(28), 285201 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Qian, L. Jiang, and S. He, “Fluorescence quenching of quantum dots by gold nanorods and its application to DNA detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(6), 063111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Luminescent silica core/silver shell encapsulated with Eu complex,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(45), 19404–19410 (2009).

X. Fang, H. Song, L. Xie, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Bai, B. Dong, Y. Wang, and W. Han, “Origin of luminescence enhancement and quenching of europium complex in solution phase containing Ag nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 131(5), 054506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

Y. Wang, X. Zhou, T. Wang, and J. Zhou, “Enhanced luminescence from lanthanide complex by silver nanoparticles,” Mater. Lett. 62(20), 3582–3584 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Ringler, A. Schwemer, M. Wunderlich, A. Nichtl, K. Kürzinger, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Shaping emission spectra of fluorescent molecules with single plasmonic nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 203002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, D. Liang, R. Y. Zhao, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence images for labeled cells on silver island films,” Langmuir 24(21), 12452–12457 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Aisaka, M. Fujii, and S. Hayashi, “Enhancement of upconversion luminescence of Er doped Al2O3 films by Ag island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(13), 132105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

H. Mertens and A. Polman, “Plasmon-enhanced erbium luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Murray, J. R. Suckling, and W. L. Barnes, “Overlayers on silver nanotriangles: Field confinement and spectral position of localized surface plasmon resonances,” Nano Lett. 6(8), 1772–1777 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

J. Zhu, “Enhanced blue-violet and ultraviolet fluorescence from Eu3+ doped silver colloids,” Chem. Phys. 316(1-3), 20–24 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

K. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. Zhao, and G. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1-3), 137–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Nabika and S. Deki, “Surface-enhanced luminescence from Eu3+complex nearby Ag colloids,” Eur. Phys. J. D 24(1-3), 369–372 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, “Shape effects in plasmon resonance of individual colloidal silver nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(15), 6755–6759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

C. L. Haynes and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere Lithography: A Versatile Nanofabrication Tool for Studies of Size-Dependent Nanoparticle Optics,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(24), 5599–5611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

T. Hayakawa, S. T. Selvan, and M. Nogami, “Field enhancement effect of small Ag particles on the fluorescence from Eu3+ doped SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1513–1515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Aisaka, T.

T. Aisaka, M. Fujii, and S. Hayashi, “Enhancement of upconversion luminescence of Er doped Al2O3 films by Ag island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(13), 132105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1-3), 137–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bai, X.

X. Fang, H. Song, L. Xie, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Bai, B. Dong, Y. Wang, and W. Han, “Origin of luminescence enhancement and quenching of europium complex in solution phase containing Ag nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 131(5), 054506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barbic, M.

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, “Shape effects in plasmon resonance of individual colloidal silver nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(15), 6755–6759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. A. Murray, J. R. Suckling, and W. L. Barnes, “Overlayers on silver nanotriangles: Field confinement and spectral position of localized surface plasmon resonances,” Nano Lett. 6(8), 1772–1777 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cade, N. I.

N. I. Cade, T. Ritman-Meer, K. Kwaka, and D. Richards, “The plasmonic engineering of metal nanoparticles for enhanced fluorescence and Raman scattering,” Nanotechnology 20(28), 285201 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, Y.

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, Y. C.

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, K. C.

Coronado, E.

K. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. Zhao, and G. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Deki, S.

H. Nabika and S. Deki, “Surface-enhanced luminescence from Eu3+complex nearby Ag colloids,” Eur. Phys. J. D 24(1-3), 369–372 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dong, B.

X. Fang, H. Song, L. Xie, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Bai, B. Dong, Y. Wang, and W. Han, “Origin of luminescence enhancement and quenching of europium complex in solution phase containing Ag nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 131(5), 054506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, X.

X. Fang, H. Song, L. Xie, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Bai, B. Dong, Y. Wang, and W. Han, “Origin of luminescence enhancement and quenching of europium complex in solution phase containing Ag nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 131(5), 054506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feldmann, J.

M. Ringler, A. Schwemer, M. Wunderlich, A. Nichtl, K. Kürzinger, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Shaping emission spectra of fluorescent molecules with single plasmonic nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 203002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, Y.

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Luminescent silica core/silver shell encapsulated with Eu complex,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(45), 19404–19410 (2009).

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, D. Liang, R. Y. Zhao, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence images for labeled cells on silver island films,” Langmuir 24(21), 12452–12457 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujii, M.

T. Aisaka, M. Fujii, and S. Hayashi, “Enhancement of upconversion luminescence of Er doped Al2O3 films by Ag island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(13), 132105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Goodrich, G. P.

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, W.

X. Fang, H. Song, L. Xie, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Bai, B. Dong, Y. Wang, and W. Han, “Origin of luminescence enhancement and quenching of europium complex in solution phase containing Ag nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 131(5), 054506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, E.

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hayakawa, T.

T. Hayakawa, S. T. Selvan, and M. Nogami, “Field enhancement effect of small Ag particles on the fluorescence from Eu3+ doped SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1513–1515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, S.

T. Aisaka, M. Fujii, and S. Hayashi, “Enhancement of upconversion luminescence of Er doped Al2O3 films by Ag island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(13), 132105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haynes, C. L.

C. L. Haynes and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere Lithography: A Versatile Nanofabrication Tool for Studies of Size-Dependent Nanoparticle Optics,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(24), 5599–5611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

X. Li, J. Qian, L. Jiang, and S. He, “Fluorescence quenching of quantum dots by gold nanorods and its application to DNA detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(6), 063111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hohenau, A.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1-3), 137–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, L.

X. Li, J. Qian, L. Jiang, and S. He, “Fluorescence quenching of quantum dots by gold nanorods and its application to DNA detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(6), 063111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jin, R.

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, B. R.

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelly, K.

K. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. Zhao, and G. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, K. L.

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klar, T. A.

M. Ringler, A. Schwemer, M. Wunderlich, A. Nichtl, K. Kürzinger, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Shaping emission spectra of fluorescent molecules with single plasmonic nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 203002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1-3), 137–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kürzinger, K.

M. Ringler, A. Schwemer, M. Wunderlich, A. Nichtl, K. Kürzinger, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Shaping emission spectra of fluorescent molecules with single plasmonic nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 203002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwaka, K.

N. I. Cade, T. Ritman-Meer, K. Kwaka, and D. Richards, “The plasmonic engineering of metal nanoparticles for enhanced fluorescence and Raman scattering,” Nanotechnology 20(28), 285201 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lakowicz, J. R.

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Luminescent silica core/silver shell encapsulated with Eu complex,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(45), 19404–19410 (2009).

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, D. Liang, R. Y. Zhao, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence images for labeled cells on silver island films,” Langmuir 24(21), 12452–12457 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamprecht, B.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1-3), 137–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. M.

Leitner, A.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1-3), 137–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

X. Li, J. Qian, L. Jiang, and S. He, “Fluorescence quenching of quantum dots by gold nanorods and its application to DNA detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(6), 063111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liang, D.

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, D. Liang, R. Y. Zhao, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence images for labeled cells on silver island films,” Langmuir 24(21), 12452–12457 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Q.

X. Fang, H. Song, L. Xie, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Bai, B. Dong, Y. Wang, and W. Han, “Origin of luminescence enhancement and quenching of europium complex in solution phase containing Ag nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 131(5), 054506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mertens, H.

H. Mertens and A. Polman, “Plasmon-enhanced erbium luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Métraux, G. S.

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mirkin, C. A.

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mock, J. J.

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, “Shape effects in plasmon resonance of individual colloidal silver nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(15), 6755–6759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Murray, W. A.

W. A. Murray, J. R. Suckling, and W. L. Barnes, “Overlayers on silver nanotriangles: Field confinement and spectral position of localized surface plasmon resonances,” Nano Lett. 6(8), 1772–1777 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nabika, H.

H. Nabika and S. Deki, “Surface-enhanced luminescence from Eu3+complex nearby Ag colloids,” Eur. Phys. J. D 24(1-3), 369–372 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nichtl, A.

M. Ringler, A. Schwemer, M. Wunderlich, A. Nichtl, K. Kürzinger, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Shaping emission spectra of fluorescent molecules with single plasmonic nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 203002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nogami, M.

T. Hayakawa, S. T. Selvan, and M. Nogami, “Field enhancement effect of small Ag particles on the fluorescence from Eu3+ doped SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1513–1515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

H. Mertens and A. Polman, “Plasmon-enhanced erbium luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qian, J.

X. Li, J. Qian, L. Jiang, and S. He, “Fluorescence quenching of quantum dots by gold nanorods and its application to DNA detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(6), 063111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rechberger, W.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1-3), 137–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Richards, D.

N. I. Cade, T. Ritman-Meer, K. Kwaka, and D. Richards, “The plasmonic engineering of metal nanoparticles for enhanced fluorescence and Raman scattering,” Nanotechnology 20(28), 285201 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ringler, M.

M. Ringler, A. Schwemer, M. Wunderlich, A. Nichtl, K. Kürzinger, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Shaping emission spectra of fluorescent molecules with single plasmonic nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 203002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ritman-Meer, T.

N. I. Cade, T. Ritman-Meer, K. Kwaka, and D. Richards, “The plasmonic engineering of metal nanoparticles for enhanced fluorescence and Raman scattering,” Nanotechnology 20(28), 285201 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schatz, G.

K. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. Zhao, and G. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schultz, D. A.

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, “Shape effects in plasmon resonance of individual colloidal silver nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(15), 6755–6759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, S.

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, “Shape effects in plasmon resonance of individual colloidal silver nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(15), 6755–6759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schwemer, A.

M. Ringler, A. Schwemer, M. Wunderlich, A. Nichtl, K. Kürzinger, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Shaping emission spectra of fluorescent molecules with single plasmonic nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 203002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Selvan, S. T.

T. Hayakawa, S. T. Selvan, and M. Nogami, “Field enhancement effect of small Ag particles on the fluorescence from Eu3+ doped SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1513–1515 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, “Shape effects in plasmon resonance of individual colloidal silver nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(15), 6755–6759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, H.

X. Fang, H. Song, L. Xie, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Bai, B. Dong, Y. Wang, and W. Han, “Origin of luminescence enhancement and quenching of europium complex in solution phase containing Ag nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 131(5), 054506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suckling, J. R.

W. A. Murray, J. R. Suckling, and W. L. Barnes, “Overlayers on silver nanotriangles: Field confinement and spectral position of localized surface plasmon resonances,” Nano Lett. 6(8), 1772–1777 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tam, F.

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Duyne, R. P.

C. L. Haynes and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere Lithography: A Versatile Nanofabrication Tool for Studies of Size-Dependent Nanoparticle Optics,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(24), 5599–5611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Y. Wang, X. Zhou, T. Wang, and J. Zhou, “Enhanced luminescence from lanthanide complex by silver nanoparticles,” Mater. Lett. 62(20), 3582–3584 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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X. Fang, H. Song, L. Xie, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Bai, B. Dong, Y. Wang, and W. Han, “Origin of luminescence enhancement and quenching of europium complex in solution phase containing Ag nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 131(5), 054506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, X. Zhou, T. Wang, and J. Zhou, “Enhanced luminescence from lanthanide complex by silver nanoparticles,” Mater. Lett. 62(20), 3582–3584 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wunderlich, M.

M. Ringler, A. Schwemer, M. Wunderlich, A. Nichtl, K. Kürzinger, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Shaping emission spectra of fluorescent molecules with single plasmonic nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 203002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, L.

X. Fang, H. Song, L. Xie, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Bai, B. Dong, Y. Wang, and W. Han, “Origin of luminescence enhancement and quenching of europium complex in solution phase containing Ag nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 131(5), 054506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

X. Fang, H. Song, L. Xie, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Bai, B. Dong, Y. Wang, and W. Han, “Origin of luminescence enhancement and quenching of europium complex in solution phase containing Ag nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 131(5), 054506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Luminescent silica core/silver shell encapsulated with Eu complex,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(45), 19404–19410 (2009).

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, D. Liang, R. Y. Zhao, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence images for labeled cells on silver island films,” Langmuir 24(21), 12452–12457 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, L.

K. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. Zhao, and G. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, R. Y.

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, D. Liang, R. Y. Zhao, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence images for labeled cells on silver island films,” Langmuir 24(21), 12452–12457 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, J. G.

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

Y. Wang, X. Zhou, T. Wang, and J. Zhou, “Enhanced luminescence from lanthanide complex by silver nanoparticles,” Mater. Lett. 62(20), 3582–3584 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

Y. Wang, X. Zhou, T. Wang, and J. Zhou, “Enhanced luminescence from lanthanide complex by silver nanoparticles,” Mater. Lett. 62(20), 3582–3584 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J.

J. Zhu, “Enhanced blue-violet and ultraviolet fluorescence from Eu3+ doped silver colloids,” Chem. Phys. 316(1-3), 20–24 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Aisaka, M. Fujii, and S. Hayashi, “Enhancement of upconversion luminescence of Er doped Al2O3 films by Ag island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(13), 132105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Hayakawa, S. T. Selvan, and M. Nogami, “Field enhancement effect of small Ag particles on the fluorescence from Eu3+ doped SiO2 glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1513–1515 (1999).
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X. Li, J. Qian, L. Jiang, and S. He, “Fluorescence quenching of quantum dots by gold nanorods and its application to DNA detection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(6), 063111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Mertens and A. Polman, “Plasmon-enhanced erbium luminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 211107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys.

J. Zhu, “Enhanced blue-violet and ultraviolet fluorescence from Eu3+ doped silver colloids,” Chem. Phys. 316(1-3), 20–24 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D

H. Nabika and S. Deki, “Surface-enhanced luminescence from Eu3+complex nearby Ag colloids,” Eur. Phys. J. D 24(1-3), 369–372 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Luminescent silica core/silver shell encapsulated with Eu complex,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(45), 19404–19410 (2009).

J. Chem. Phys.

J. J. Mock, M. Barbic, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, “Shape effects in plasmon resonance of individual colloidal silver nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(15), 6755–6759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Fang, H. Song, L. Xie, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Bai, B. Dong, Y. Wang, and W. Han, “Origin of luminescence enhancement and quenching of europium complex in solution phase containing Ag nanoparticles,” J. Chem. Phys. 131(5), 054506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. B

K. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. Zhao, and G. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Haynes and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere Lithography: A Versatile Nanofabrication Tool for Studies of Size-Dependent Nanoparticle Optics,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(24), 5599–5611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, D. Liang, R. Y. Zhao, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Enhanced fluorescence images for labeled cells on silver island films,” Langmuir 24(21), 12452–12457 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mater. Lett.

Y. Wang, X. Zhou, T. Wang, and J. Zhou, “Enhanced luminescence from lanthanide complex by silver nanoparticles,” Mater. Lett. 62(20), 3582–3584 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. A. Murray, J. R. Suckling, and W. L. Barnes, “Overlayers on silver nanotriangles: Field confinement and spectral position of localized surface plasmon resonances,” Nano Lett. 6(8), 1772–1777 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology

N. I. Cade, T. Ritman-Meer, K. Kwaka, and D. Richards, “The plasmonic engineering of metal nanoparticles for enhanced fluorescence and Raman scattering,” Nanotechnology 20(28), 285201 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1-3), 137–141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Ringler, A. Schwemer, M. Wunderlich, A. Nichtl, K. Kürzinger, T. A. Klar, and J. Feldmann, “Shaping emission spectra of fluorescent molecules with single plasmonic nanoresonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 203002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

J. R. Albani, Principles and Applications of Fluorescence Spectroscopy (Blackwell, 2007).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constant of Solids (Academic, 1998).

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

L. Novotny, and H. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University Press, 2006).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The SEM image (a) and the absorption spectrum (b) of the Ag NPs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The local electric field enhancement of the triangular Ag NP for the x-y plane. The incident light propagates along the x direction and it passes midway through the prism. The left is at the excitation wavelength 350nm. The right is near the emission wavelength of 612nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The scattering field in different conditions. The green, black, red and blue lines show the scattering of the single NP and two NPs with the distances of 10nm, 2nm and 0nm, separately.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The photoluminescence spectra of europium complex Eu(TTFA)3 with the different volumes of Ag NPs. Inset shows the enhancement factor dependence on the concentrations of NPs at the emission wavelength of 612nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The lifetime of europium complex Eu(TTFA)3 at 612nm with the different concentrations of Ag NPs.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I F = 2.3 I 0 ε ( λ ) c l Q 0 ,
I = I 0 + j = 1 N I n p ,
Q 0 = Γ Γ+K nr  , τ 0 = 1 Γ+K nr  ,

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