Abstract

We study second-harmonic generation from single CdTe/CdS core/shell rod-on-dot nanocrystals with different geometrical parameters, which allow to fine tune the nonlinear properties of the nanostructure. These hybrid semiconductor-semiconductor nanoparticles exhibit extremely strong and stable second-harmonic emission, although the size of CdTe core is still within the strong quantum confinement regime. The orientation sensitive polarization response is analyzed by means of a pointwise additive model of the third-order tensors associated to the nanoparticle components. These findings prove that engineering of semiconducting complex heterostructures at the single nanoparticle scale can lead to extremely bright nanometric nonlinear light sources.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

E. Shaviv, and U. Banin, "Synergistic Effects on Second Harmonic Generation of Hybrid CdSe-Au Nanoparticles," ACS Nano 4, 1529-1538 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Figuerola, M. V. Huis, M. Zanella, A. Genovese, S. Marras, A. Falqui, H. W. Zandbergen, R. Cingolani, and L. Manna, "Epitaxial CdSe-Au Nanocrystal Heterostructures by Thermal Annealing," Nano Lett. 10, 3028-3036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-L. Hsieh, Y. Pu, R. Grange, and D. Psaltis, "Second harmonic generation from nanocrystals under linearly and circularly polarized excitations," Opt. Express 18, 11917-11932 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pantazis, J. Maloney, D. Wu, and S. E. Fraser, "Second harmonic generating (SHG) nanoprobes for in vivo imaging," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107, 14535-14540 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C.-L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, "Nonlinear Optical Properties of Core-Shell Nanocavities for Enhanced Second-Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

C.-L. Hsieh, R. Grange, Y. Pu, and D. Psaltis, "Three-dimensional harmonic holographic microcopy using nanoparticles as probes for cell imaging," Opt. Express 17, 2880-2891 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Masui, S. C. Cruz, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, "Geometrical Characteristics and Surface Polarity of Inclined Crystallographic Planes of the Wurtzite and Zinc blende Structures," J. Electron. Mater. 38, 756-760 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Zielinski, D. Oron, D. Chauvat, and J. Zyss, "Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single Core/Shell Quantum Dot," Small 5, 2835-2840 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. McDaniel, and M. Shim, "Size and Growth Rate Dependent Structural Diversification of Fe3O4/CdS Anisotropic Nanocrystal Heterostructures," ACS Nano 3, 434-440 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

P. Frantsuzov, M. Kuno, B. Jankó, and R. A. Marcus, "Universal emission intermittency in quantum dots, nanorods and nanowires," Nat. Phys. 4, 519-522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kachynski, A. N. Kuzmin, M. Nyk, I. Roy, and P. N. Prasad, "Zinc Oxide Nanocrystals for Nonresonant Nonlinear Optical Microscopy in Biology and Medicine," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 10721-10724 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Le Xuan, C. Zhou, A. Slablab, D. Chauvat, C. Tard, S. Perruchas, T. Gacoin, P. Villeval, and J.-F. Roch, "Photostable Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single KTiOPO4 Nanocrystals for Nonlinear Microscopy," Small 4, 1332-1336 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, "Local Field Asymmetry Drives Second-Harmonic Generation in Noncentrosymmetric Nanodimers," Nano Lett. 7, 1251-1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bonacina, Y. Mugnier, F. Courvoisier, R. Le Dantec, J. Extermann, Y. Lambert, V. Boutou, C. Galez, and J.-P. Wolf, "Polar Fe(IO3)3 nanocrystals as local probes for nonlinear microscopy," Appl. Phys. B 87, 399-403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kudera, L. Carbone, E. Carlino, R. Cingolani, P. D. Cozzoli, and L. Manna, "Synthesis routes for the growth of complex nanostructure," Physica E 37, 128-133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

T. Toyama, K. Matsune, H. Oda, M. Ohta, and H. Okamoto, "X-ray diffraction study of CdS/CdTe heterostructure for thin-film solar cell: influence of CdS grain size on subsequent growth of (111)-oriented CdTe film," J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39, 1537-1542 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. Brasselet, V. Le Floćh, F. Treussart, J.-F. Roch, J. Zyss, E. Botzung-Appert, and A. Ibanez, "In Situ Diagnostics of the Crystalline Nature of Single Organic Nanocrystals by Nonlinear Microscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 207401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Milliron, S. M. Hughes, Y. Cui, L. Manna, J. Li, L.-W. Wang, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Colloidal nanocrystal heterostructures with linear and branched topology," Nature 430, 190-195 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (5)

S. Kim, B. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, and M. Bawendi, "Type-II Quantum Dots: CdTe/CdSe(Core/Shell) and CdSe/ZnTe(Core/Shell) Heterostructures," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11466-11467 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Manna, D. J. Millirion, A. Meisel, E. C. Scher, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Controlled growth of tetrapod-branched inorganic nanocrystals," Nat. Mater. 2, 382-385 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Scher, L. Manna, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control and applications of nanocrystals," Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 361, 241-257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, "Nonlinear magic: multiphoton microscopy in the biosciences," Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1369-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. W. Yu, L. Qu, W. Guo, and X. Peng, "Experimental Determination of the Extinction Coefficient of CdTe, CdSe, and CdS Nanocrystals," Chem. Mater. 15, 2854-2860 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

K. Sénéchal, O. Maury, H. L. Bozec, I. Ledoux, and J. Zyss, "Zinc(II) as a versatile template for the design of dipolar and octupolar NLO-phores," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 4560-4561 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (3)

P. Boieriu, R. Sporken, Y. Xin, N. D. Browning, and S. Sivananthan, "Wurtzite CdS on CdTe grown by molecular beam epitaxy," J. Electron. Mater. 29, 718-722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Patterson, and D. W. Piston, "Photobleaching in Two-Photon Excitation Microscopy," Biophys. J. 78, 2159-2162 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Peng, L. Manna, W. Yang, J. Wickham, E. Scher, A. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals," Nature 404, 59-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

M. Nirmal, B. O. Dabbousi, M. G. Bawendi, J. J. Macklin, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, and L. E. Brus, "Fluorescence intermittency in single cadmium selenide nanocrystals," Nature 383, 802-804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Alivisatos, "Semiconductor Clusters, Nanocrystals, and Quantum Dots," Science 271, 933-937 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. Zyss, "Molecular engineering implications of rotational invariance in quadratic nonlinear optics: From dipolar to octupolar molecules and materials," J. Chem. Phys. 98, 6583 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Alivisatos, A. P.

D. J. Milliron, S. M. Hughes, Y. Cui, L. Manna, J. Li, L.-W. Wang, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Colloidal nanocrystal heterostructures with linear and branched topology," Nature 430, 190-195 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Manna, D. J. Millirion, A. Meisel, E. C. Scher, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Controlled growth of tetrapod-branched inorganic nanocrystals," Nat. Mater. 2, 382-385 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Scher, L. Manna, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control and applications of nanocrystals," Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 361, 241-257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Peng, L. Manna, W. Yang, J. Wickham, E. Scher, A. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals," Nature 404, 59-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. Alivisatos, "Semiconductor Clusters, Nanocrystals, and Quantum Dots," Science 271, 933-937 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bai, B.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, "Local Field Asymmetry Drives Second-Harmonic Generation in Noncentrosymmetric Nanodimers," Nano Lett. 7, 1251-1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Banin, U.

E. Shaviv, and U. Banin, "Synergistic Effects on Second Harmonic Generation of Hybrid CdSe-Au Nanoparticles," ACS Nano 4, 1529-1538 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M.

S. Kim, B. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, and M. Bawendi, "Type-II Quantum Dots: CdTe/CdSe(Core/Shell) and CdSe/ZnTe(Core/Shell) Heterostructures," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11466-11467 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M. G.

M. Nirmal, B. O. Dabbousi, M. G. Bawendi, J. J. Macklin, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, and L. E. Brus, "Fluorescence intermittency in single cadmium selenide nanocrystals," Nature 383, 802-804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Boieriu, P.

P. Boieriu, R. Sporken, Y. Xin, N. D. Browning, and S. Sivananthan, "Wurtzite CdS on CdTe grown by molecular beam epitaxy," J. Electron. Mater. 29, 718-722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bonacina, L.

L. Bonacina, Y. Mugnier, F. Courvoisier, R. Le Dantec, J. Extermann, Y. Lambert, V. Boutou, C. Galez, and J.-P. Wolf, "Polar Fe(IO3)3 nanocrystals as local probes for nonlinear microscopy," Appl. Phys. B 87, 399-403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Botzung-Appert, E.

S. Brasselet, V. Le Floćh, F. Treussart, J.-F. Roch, J. Zyss, E. Botzung-Appert, and A. Ibanez, "In Situ Diagnostics of the Crystalline Nature of Single Organic Nanocrystals by Nonlinear Microscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 207401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boutou, V.

L. Bonacina, Y. Mugnier, F. Courvoisier, R. Le Dantec, J. Extermann, Y. Lambert, V. Boutou, C. Galez, and J.-P. Wolf, "Polar Fe(IO3)3 nanocrystals as local probes for nonlinear microscopy," Appl. Phys. B 87, 399-403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bozec, H. L.

K. Sénéchal, O. Maury, H. L. Bozec, I. Ledoux, and J. Zyss, "Zinc(II) as a versatile template for the design of dipolar and octupolar NLO-phores," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 4560-4561 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brasselet, S.

S. Brasselet, V. Le Floćh, F. Treussart, J.-F. Roch, J. Zyss, E. Botzung-Appert, and A. Ibanez, "In Situ Diagnostics of the Crystalline Nature of Single Organic Nanocrystals by Nonlinear Microscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 207401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Brasselet, and J. Zyss, "Multipolar molecules and multipolar fields: probing and controlling the tensorial nature of nonlinear molecular media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 257-288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Browning, N. D.

P. Boieriu, R. Sporken, Y. Xin, N. D. Browning, and S. Sivananthan, "Wurtzite CdS on CdTe grown by molecular beam epitaxy," J. Electron. Mater. 29, 718-722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brus, L. E.

M. Nirmal, B. O. Dabbousi, M. G. Bawendi, J. J. Macklin, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, and L. E. Brus, "Fluorescence intermittency in single cadmium selenide nanocrystals," Nature 383, 802-804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Canfield, B. K.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, "Local Field Asymmetry Drives Second-Harmonic Generation in Noncentrosymmetric Nanodimers," Nano Lett. 7, 1251-1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carbone, L.

S. Kudera, L. Carbone, E. Carlino, R. Cingolani, P. D. Cozzoli, and L. Manna, "Synthesis routes for the growth of complex nanostructure," Physica E 37, 128-133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Carlino, E.

S. Kudera, L. Carbone, E. Carlino, R. Cingolani, P. D. Cozzoli, and L. Manna, "Synthesis routes for the growth of complex nanostructure," Physica E 37, 128-133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chauvat, D.

M. Zielinski, D. Oron, D. Chauvat, and J. Zyss, "Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single Core/Shell Quantum Dot," Small 5, 2835-2840 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Le Xuan, C. Zhou, A. Slablab, D. Chauvat, C. Tard, S. Perruchas, T. Gacoin, P. Villeval, and J.-F. Roch, "Photostable Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single KTiOPO4 Nanocrystals for Nonlinear Microscopy," Small 4, 1332-1336 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cingolani, R.

A. Figuerola, M. V. Huis, M. Zanella, A. Genovese, S. Marras, A. Falqui, H. W. Zandbergen, R. Cingolani, and L. Manna, "Epitaxial CdSe-Au Nanocrystal Heterostructures by Thermal Annealing," Nano Lett. 10, 3028-3036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kudera, L. Carbone, E. Carlino, R. Cingolani, P. D. Cozzoli, and L. Manna, "Synthesis routes for the growth of complex nanostructure," Physica E 37, 128-133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Courvoisier, F.

L. Bonacina, Y. Mugnier, F. Courvoisier, R. Le Dantec, J. Extermann, Y. Lambert, V. Boutou, C. Galez, and J.-P. Wolf, "Polar Fe(IO3)3 nanocrystals as local probes for nonlinear microscopy," Appl. Phys. B 87, 399-403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cozzoli, P. D.

S. Kudera, L. Carbone, E. Carlino, R. Cingolani, P. D. Cozzoli, and L. Manna, "Synthesis routes for the growth of complex nanostructure," Physica E 37, 128-133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, S. C.

H. Masui, S. C. Cruz, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, "Geometrical Characteristics and Surface Polarity of Inclined Crystallographic Planes of the Wurtzite and Zinc blende Structures," J. Electron. Mater. 38, 756-760 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

D. J. Milliron, S. M. Hughes, Y. Cui, L. Manna, J. Li, L.-W. Wang, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Colloidal nanocrystal heterostructures with linear and branched topology," Nature 430, 190-195 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dabbousi, B. O.

M. Nirmal, B. O. Dabbousi, M. G. Bawendi, J. J. Macklin, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, and L. E. Brus, "Fluorescence intermittency in single cadmium selenide nanocrystals," Nature 383, 802-804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

DenBaars, S. P.

H. Masui, S. C. Cruz, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, "Geometrical Characteristics and Surface Polarity of Inclined Crystallographic Planes of the Wurtzite and Zinc blende Structures," J. Electron. Mater. 38, 756-760 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eisler, H.-J.

S. Kim, B. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, and M. Bawendi, "Type-II Quantum Dots: CdTe/CdSe(Core/Shell) and CdSe/ZnTe(Core/Shell) Heterostructures," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11466-11467 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Extermann, J.

L. Bonacina, Y. Mugnier, F. Courvoisier, R. Le Dantec, J. Extermann, Y. Lambert, V. Boutou, C. Galez, and J.-P. Wolf, "Polar Fe(IO3)3 nanocrystals as local probes for nonlinear microscopy," Appl. Phys. B 87, 399-403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Falqui, A.

A. Figuerola, M. V. Huis, M. Zanella, A. Genovese, S. Marras, A. Falqui, H. W. Zandbergen, R. Cingolani, and L. Manna, "Epitaxial CdSe-Au Nanocrystal Heterostructures by Thermal Annealing," Nano Lett. 10, 3028-3036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Figuerola, A.

A. Figuerola, M. V. Huis, M. Zanella, A. Genovese, S. Marras, A. Falqui, H. W. Zandbergen, R. Cingolani, and L. Manna, "Epitaxial CdSe-Au Nanocrystal Heterostructures by Thermal Annealing," Nano Lett. 10, 3028-3036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fisher, B.

S. Kim, B. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, and M. Bawendi, "Type-II Quantum Dots: CdTe/CdSe(Core/Shell) and CdSe/ZnTe(Core/Shell) Heterostructures," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11466-11467 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frantsuzov, P.

P. Frantsuzov, M. Kuno, B. Jankó, and R. A. Marcus, "Universal emission intermittency in quantum dots, nanorods and nanowires," Nat. Phys. 4, 519-522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fraser, S. E.

P. Pantazis, J. Maloney, D. Wu, and S. E. Fraser, "Second harmonic generating (SHG) nanoprobes for in vivo imaging," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107, 14535-14540 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gacoin, T.

L. Le Xuan, C. Zhou, A. Slablab, D. Chauvat, C. Tard, S. Perruchas, T. Gacoin, P. Villeval, and J.-F. Roch, "Photostable Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single KTiOPO4 Nanocrystals for Nonlinear Microscopy," Small 4, 1332-1336 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galez, C.

L. Bonacina, Y. Mugnier, F. Courvoisier, R. Le Dantec, J. Extermann, Y. Lambert, V. Boutou, C. Galez, and J.-P. Wolf, "Polar Fe(IO3)3 nanocrystals as local probes for nonlinear microscopy," Appl. Phys. B 87, 399-403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Genovese, A.

A. Figuerola, M. V. Huis, M. Zanella, A. Genovese, S. Marras, A. Falqui, H. W. Zandbergen, R. Cingolani, and L. Manna, "Epitaxial CdSe-Au Nanocrystal Heterostructures by Thermal Annealing," Nano Lett. 10, 3028-3036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grange, R.

Guo, W.

W. W. Yu, L. Qu, W. Guo, and X. Peng, "Experimental Determination of the Extinction Coefficient of CdTe, CdSe, and CdS Nanocrystals," Chem. Mater. 15, 2854-2860 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Harris, T. D.

M. Nirmal, B. O. Dabbousi, M. G. Bawendi, J. J. Macklin, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, and L. E. Brus, "Fluorescence intermittency in single cadmium selenide nanocrystals," Nature 383, 802-804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, C.-L.

Hughes, S. M.

D. J. Milliron, S. M. Hughes, Y. Cui, L. Manna, J. Li, L.-W. Wang, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Colloidal nanocrystal heterostructures with linear and branched topology," Nature 430, 190-195 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huis, M. V.

A. Figuerola, M. V. Huis, M. Zanella, A. Genovese, S. Marras, A. Falqui, H. W. Zandbergen, R. Cingolani, and L. Manna, "Epitaxial CdSe-Au Nanocrystal Heterostructures by Thermal Annealing," Nano Lett. 10, 3028-3036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Husu, H.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, "Local Field Asymmetry Drives Second-Harmonic Generation in Noncentrosymmetric Nanodimers," Nano Lett. 7, 1251-1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ibanez, A.

S. Brasselet, V. Le Floćh, F. Treussart, J.-F. Roch, J. Zyss, E. Botzung-Appert, and A. Ibanez, "In Situ Diagnostics of the Crystalline Nature of Single Organic Nanocrystals by Nonlinear Microscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 207401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ito, R.

Jankó, B.

P. Frantsuzov, M. Kuno, B. Jankó, and R. A. Marcus, "Universal emission intermittency in quantum dots, nanorods and nanowires," Nat. Phys. 4, 519-522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kachynski, A. V.

A. V. Kachynski, A. N. Kuzmin, M. Nyk, I. Roy, and P. N. Prasad, "Zinc Oxide Nanocrystals for Nonresonant Nonlinear Optical Microscopy in Biology and Medicine," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 10721-10724 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kadavanich, A.

X. Peng, L. Manna, W. Yang, J. Wickham, E. Scher, A. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals," Nature 404, 59-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kauranen, M.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, "Local Field Asymmetry Drives Second-Harmonic Generation in Noncentrosymmetric Nanodimers," Nano Lett. 7, 1251-1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

S. Kim, B. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, and M. Bawendi, "Type-II Quantum Dots: CdTe/CdSe(Core/Shell) and CdSe/ZnTe(Core/Shell) Heterostructures," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11466-11467 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitamoto, A.

Kondo, T.

Kudera, S.

S. Kudera, L. Carbone, E. Carlino, R. Cingolani, P. D. Cozzoli, and L. Manna, "Synthesis routes for the growth of complex nanostructure," Physica E 37, 128-133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuittinen, M.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, "Local Field Asymmetry Drives Second-Harmonic Generation in Noncentrosymmetric Nanodimers," Nano Lett. 7, 1251-1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuno, M.

P. Frantsuzov, M. Kuno, B. Jankó, and R. A. Marcus, "Universal emission intermittency in quantum dots, nanorods and nanowires," Nat. Phys. 4, 519-522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmin, A. N.

A. V. Kachynski, A. N. Kuzmin, M. Nyk, I. Roy, and P. N. Prasad, "Zinc Oxide Nanocrystals for Nonresonant Nonlinear Optical Microscopy in Biology and Medicine," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 10721-10724 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lambert, Y.

L. Bonacina, Y. Mugnier, F. Courvoisier, R. Le Dantec, J. Extermann, Y. Lambert, V. Boutou, C. Galez, and J.-P. Wolf, "Polar Fe(IO3)3 nanocrystals as local probes for nonlinear microscopy," Appl. Phys. B 87, 399-403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laukkanen, J.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, "Local Field Asymmetry Drives Second-Harmonic Generation in Noncentrosymmetric Nanodimers," Nano Lett. 7, 1251-1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Dantec, R.

L. Bonacina, Y. Mugnier, F. Courvoisier, R. Le Dantec, J. Extermann, Y. Lambert, V. Boutou, C. Galez, and J.-P. Wolf, "Polar Fe(IO3)3 nanocrystals as local probes for nonlinear microscopy," Appl. Phys. B 87, 399-403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le Floch, V.

S. Brasselet, V. Le Floćh, F. Treussart, J.-F. Roch, J. Zyss, E. Botzung-Appert, and A. Ibanez, "In Situ Diagnostics of the Crystalline Nature of Single Organic Nanocrystals by Nonlinear Microscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 207401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Xuan, L.

L. Le Xuan, C. Zhou, A. Slablab, D. Chauvat, C. Tard, S. Perruchas, T. Gacoin, P. Villeval, and J.-F. Roch, "Photostable Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single KTiOPO4 Nanocrystals for Nonlinear Microscopy," Small 4, 1332-1336 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ledoux, I.

K. Sénéchal, O. Maury, H. L. Bozec, I. Ledoux, and J. Zyss, "Zinc(II) as a versatile template for the design of dipolar and octupolar NLO-phores," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 4560-4561 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, J.

D. J. Milliron, S. M. Hughes, Y. Cui, L. Manna, J. Li, L.-W. Wang, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Colloidal nanocrystal heterostructures with linear and branched topology," Nature 430, 190-195 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macklin, J. J.

M. Nirmal, B. O. Dabbousi, M. G. Bawendi, J. J. Macklin, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, and L. E. Brus, "Fluorescence intermittency in single cadmium selenide nanocrystals," Nature 383, 802-804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Maloney, J.

P. Pantazis, J. Maloney, D. Wu, and S. E. Fraser, "Second harmonic generating (SHG) nanoprobes for in vivo imaging," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107, 14535-14540 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manna, L.

A. Figuerola, M. V. Huis, M. Zanella, A. Genovese, S. Marras, A. Falqui, H. W. Zandbergen, R. Cingolani, and L. Manna, "Epitaxial CdSe-Au Nanocrystal Heterostructures by Thermal Annealing," Nano Lett. 10, 3028-3036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kudera, L. Carbone, E. Carlino, R. Cingolani, P. D. Cozzoli, and L. Manna, "Synthesis routes for the growth of complex nanostructure," Physica E 37, 128-133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Milliron, S. M. Hughes, Y. Cui, L. Manna, J. Li, L.-W. Wang, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Colloidal nanocrystal heterostructures with linear and branched topology," Nature 430, 190-195 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Scher, L. Manna, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control and applications of nanocrystals," Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 361, 241-257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Manna, D. J. Millirion, A. Meisel, E. C. Scher, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Controlled growth of tetrapod-branched inorganic nanocrystals," Nat. Mater. 2, 382-385 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Peng, L. Manna, W. Yang, J. Wickham, E. Scher, A. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals," Nature 404, 59-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcus, R. A.

P. Frantsuzov, M. Kuno, B. Jankó, and R. A. Marcus, "Universal emission intermittency in quantum dots, nanorods and nanowires," Nat. Phys. 4, 519-522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marras, S.

A. Figuerola, M. V. Huis, M. Zanella, A. Genovese, S. Marras, A. Falqui, H. W. Zandbergen, R. Cingolani, and L. Manna, "Epitaxial CdSe-Au Nanocrystal Heterostructures by Thermal Annealing," Nano Lett. 10, 3028-3036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Masui, H.

H. Masui, S. C. Cruz, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, "Geometrical Characteristics and Surface Polarity of Inclined Crystallographic Planes of the Wurtzite and Zinc blende Structures," J. Electron. Mater. 38, 756-760 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matsune, K.

T. Toyama, K. Matsune, H. Oda, M. Ohta, and H. Okamoto, "X-ray diffraction study of CdS/CdTe heterostructure for thin-film solar cell: influence of CdS grain size on subsequent growth of (111)-oriented CdTe film," J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39, 1537-1542 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maury, O.

K. Sénéchal, O. Maury, H. L. Bozec, I. Ledoux, and J. Zyss, "Zinc(II) as a versatile template for the design of dipolar and octupolar NLO-phores," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 4560-4561 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McDaniel, H.

H. McDaniel, and M. Shim, "Size and Growth Rate Dependent Structural Diversification of Fe3O4/CdS Anisotropic Nanocrystal Heterostructures," ACS Nano 3, 434-440 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meisel, A.

L. Manna, D. J. Millirion, A. Meisel, E. C. Scher, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Controlled growth of tetrapod-branched inorganic nanocrystals," Nat. Mater. 2, 382-385 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Millirion, D. J.

L. Manna, D. J. Millirion, A. Meisel, E. C. Scher, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Controlled growth of tetrapod-branched inorganic nanocrystals," Nat. Mater. 2, 382-385 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milliron, D. J.

D. J. Milliron, S. M. Hughes, Y. Cui, L. Manna, J. Li, L.-W. Wang, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Colloidal nanocrystal heterostructures with linear and branched topology," Nature 430, 190-195 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mugnier, Y.

L. Bonacina, Y. Mugnier, F. Courvoisier, R. Le Dantec, J. Extermann, Y. Lambert, V. Boutou, C. Galez, and J.-P. Wolf, "Polar Fe(IO3)3 nanocrystals as local probes for nonlinear microscopy," Appl. Phys. B 87, 399-403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

H. Masui, S. C. Cruz, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, "Geometrical Characteristics and Surface Polarity of Inclined Crystallographic Planes of the Wurtzite and Zinc blende Structures," J. Electron. Mater. 38, 756-760 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nirmal, M.

M. Nirmal, B. O. Dabbousi, M. G. Bawendi, J. J. Macklin, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, and L. E. Brus, "Fluorescence intermittency in single cadmium selenide nanocrystals," Nature 383, 802-804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nyk, M.

A. V. Kachynski, A. N. Kuzmin, M. Nyk, I. Roy, and P. N. Prasad, "Zinc Oxide Nanocrystals for Nonresonant Nonlinear Optical Microscopy in Biology and Medicine," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 10721-10724 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oda, H.

T. Toyama, K. Matsune, H. Oda, M. Ohta, and H. Okamoto, "X-ray diffraction study of CdS/CdTe heterostructure for thin-film solar cell: influence of CdS grain size on subsequent growth of (111)-oriented CdTe film," J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39, 1537-1542 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ohta, M.

T. Toyama, K. Matsune, H. Oda, M. Ohta, and H. Okamoto, "X-ray diffraction study of CdS/CdTe heterostructure for thin-film solar cell: influence of CdS grain size on subsequent growth of (111)-oriented CdTe film," J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39, 1537-1542 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, H.

T. Toyama, K. Matsune, H. Oda, M. Ohta, and H. Okamoto, "X-ray diffraction study of CdS/CdTe heterostructure for thin-film solar cell: influence of CdS grain size on subsequent growth of (111)-oriented CdTe film," J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39, 1537-1542 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oron, D.

M. Zielinski, D. Oron, D. Chauvat, and J. Zyss, "Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single Core/Shell Quantum Dot," Small 5, 2835-2840 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pantazis, P.

P. Pantazis, J. Maloney, D. Wu, and S. E. Fraser, "Second harmonic generating (SHG) nanoprobes for in vivo imaging," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107, 14535-14540 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patterson, G. H.

G. H. Patterson, and D. W. Piston, "Photobleaching in Two-Photon Excitation Microscopy," Biophys. J. 78, 2159-2162 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, X.

W. W. Yu, L. Qu, W. Guo, and X. Peng, "Experimental Determination of the Extinction Coefficient of CdTe, CdSe, and CdS Nanocrystals," Chem. Mater. 15, 2854-2860 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Peng, L. Manna, W. Yang, J. Wickham, E. Scher, A. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals," Nature 404, 59-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perruchas, S.

L. Le Xuan, C. Zhou, A. Slablab, D. Chauvat, C. Tard, S. Perruchas, T. Gacoin, P. Villeval, and J.-F. Roch, "Photostable Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single KTiOPO4 Nanocrystals for Nonlinear Microscopy," Small 4, 1332-1336 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piston, D. W.

G. H. Patterson, and D. W. Piston, "Photobleaching in Two-Photon Excitation Microscopy," Biophys. J. 78, 2159-2162 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prasad, P. N.

A. V. Kachynski, A. N. Kuzmin, M. Nyk, I. Roy, and P. N. Prasad, "Zinc Oxide Nanocrystals for Nonresonant Nonlinear Optical Microscopy in Biology and Medicine," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 10721-10724 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Pu, Y.

Qu, L.

W. W. Yu, L. Qu, W. Guo, and X. Peng, "Experimental Determination of the Extinction Coefficient of CdTe, CdSe, and CdS Nanocrystals," Chem. Mater. 15, 2854-2860 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Roch, J.-F.

L. Le Xuan, C. Zhou, A. Slablab, D. Chauvat, C. Tard, S. Perruchas, T. Gacoin, P. Villeval, and J.-F. Roch, "Photostable Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single KTiOPO4 Nanocrystals for Nonlinear Microscopy," Small 4, 1332-1336 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Brasselet, V. Le Floćh, F. Treussart, J.-F. Roch, J. Zyss, E. Botzung-Appert, and A. Ibanez, "In Situ Diagnostics of the Crystalline Nature of Single Organic Nanocrystals by Nonlinear Microscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 207401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roy, I.

A. V. Kachynski, A. N. Kuzmin, M. Nyk, I. Roy, and P. N. Prasad, "Zinc Oxide Nanocrystals for Nonresonant Nonlinear Optical Microscopy in Biology and Medicine," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 10721-10724 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scher, E.

X. Peng, L. Manna, W. Yang, J. Wickham, E. Scher, A. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals," Nature 404, 59-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scher, E. C.

L. Manna, D. J. Millirion, A. Meisel, E. C. Scher, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Controlled growth of tetrapod-branched inorganic nanocrystals," Nat. Mater. 2, 382-385 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Scher, L. Manna, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control and applications of nanocrystals," Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 361, 241-257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sénéchal, K.

K. Sénéchal, O. Maury, H. L. Bozec, I. Ledoux, and J. Zyss, "Zinc(II) as a versatile template for the design of dipolar and octupolar NLO-phores," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 4560-4561 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shaviv, E.

E. Shaviv, and U. Banin, "Synergistic Effects on Second Harmonic Generation of Hybrid CdSe-Au Nanoparticles," ACS Nano 4, 1529-1538 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shim, M.

H. McDaniel, and M. Shim, "Size and Growth Rate Dependent Structural Diversification of Fe3O4/CdS Anisotropic Nanocrystal Heterostructures," ACS Nano 3, 434-440 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shirane, M.

Shoji, I.

Sivananthan, S.

P. Boieriu, R. Sporken, Y. Xin, N. D. Browning, and S. Sivananthan, "Wurtzite CdS on CdTe grown by molecular beam epitaxy," J. Electron. Mater. 29, 718-722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Slablab, A.

L. Le Xuan, C. Zhou, A. Slablab, D. Chauvat, C. Tard, S. Perruchas, T. Gacoin, P. Villeval, and J.-F. Roch, "Photostable Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single KTiOPO4 Nanocrystals for Nonlinear Microscopy," Small 4, 1332-1336 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sporken, R.

P. Boieriu, R. Sporken, Y. Xin, N. D. Browning, and S. Sivananthan, "Wurtzite CdS on CdTe grown by molecular beam epitaxy," J. Electron. Mater. 29, 718-722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tard, C.

L. Le Xuan, C. Zhou, A. Slablab, D. Chauvat, C. Tard, S. Perruchas, T. Gacoin, P. Villeval, and J.-F. Roch, "Photostable Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single KTiOPO4 Nanocrystals for Nonlinear Microscopy," Small 4, 1332-1336 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toyama, T.

T. Toyama, K. Matsune, H. Oda, M. Ohta, and H. Okamoto, "X-ray diffraction study of CdS/CdTe heterostructure for thin-film solar cell: influence of CdS grain size on subsequent growth of (111)-oriented CdTe film," J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39, 1537-1542 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Trautman, J. K.

M. Nirmal, B. O. Dabbousi, M. G. Bawendi, J. J. Macklin, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, and L. E. Brus, "Fluorescence intermittency in single cadmium selenide nanocrystals," Nature 383, 802-804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Treussart, F.

S. Brasselet, V. Le Floćh, F. Treussart, J.-F. Roch, J. Zyss, E. Botzung-Appert, and A. Ibanez, "In Situ Diagnostics of the Crystalline Nature of Single Organic Nanocrystals by Nonlinear Microscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 207401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turunen, J.

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, "Local Field Asymmetry Drives Second-Harmonic Generation in Noncentrosymmetric Nanodimers," Nano Lett. 7, 1251-1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeval, P.

L. Le Xuan, C. Zhou, A. Slablab, D. Chauvat, C. Tard, S. Perruchas, T. Gacoin, P. Villeval, and J.-F. Roch, "Photostable Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single KTiOPO4 Nanocrystals for Nonlinear Microscopy," Small 4, 1332-1336 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L.-W.

D. J. Milliron, S. M. Hughes, Y. Cui, L. Manna, J. Li, L.-W. Wang, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Colloidal nanocrystal heterostructures with linear and branched topology," Nature 430, 190-195 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Webb, W. W.

W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, "Nonlinear magic: multiphoton microscopy in the biosciences," Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1369-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wickham, J.

X. Peng, L. Manna, W. Yang, J. Wickham, E. Scher, A. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals," Nature 404, 59-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williams, R. M.

W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, "Nonlinear magic: multiphoton microscopy in the biosciences," Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1369-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J.-P.

L. Bonacina, Y. Mugnier, F. Courvoisier, R. Le Dantec, J. Extermann, Y. Lambert, V. Boutou, C. Galez, and J.-P. Wolf, "Polar Fe(IO3)3 nanocrystals as local probes for nonlinear microscopy," Appl. Phys. B 87, 399-403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D.

P. Pantazis, J. Maloney, D. Wu, and S. E. Fraser, "Second harmonic generating (SHG) nanoprobes for in vivo imaging," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107, 14535-14540 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xin, Y.

P. Boieriu, R. Sporken, Y. Xin, N. D. Browning, and S. Sivananthan, "Wurtzite CdS on CdTe grown by molecular beam epitaxy," J. Electron. Mater. 29, 718-722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

X. Peng, L. Manna, W. Yang, J. Wickham, E. Scher, A. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals," Nature 404, 59-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, W. W.

W. W. Yu, L. Qu, W. Guo, and X. Peng, "Experimental Determination of the Extinction Coefficient of CdTe, CdSe, and CdS Nanocrystals," Chem. Mater. 15, 2854-2860 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zandbergen, H. W.

A. Figuerola, M. V. Huis, M. Zanella, A. Genovese, S. Marras, A. Falqui, H. W. Zandbergen, R. Cingolani, and L. Manna, "Epitaxial CdSe-Au Nanocrystal Heterostructures by Thermal Annealing," Nano Lett. 10, 3028-3036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zanella, M.

A. Figuerola, M. V. Huis, M. Zanella, A. Genovese, S. Marras, A. Falqui, H. W. Zandbergen, R. Cingolani, and L. Manna, "Epitaxial CdSe-Au Nanocrystal Heterostructures by Thermal Annealing," Nano Lett. 10, 3028-3036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, C.

L. Le Xuan, C. Zhou, A. Slablab, D. Chauvat, C. Tard, S. Perruchas, T. Gacoin, P. Villeval, and J.-F. Roch, "Photostable Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single KTiOPO4 Nanocrystals for Nonlinear Microscopy," Small 4, 1332-1336 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. Zielinski, D. Oron, D. Chauvat, and J. Zyss, "Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single Core/Shell Quantum Dot," Small 5, 2835-2840 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zipfel, W. R.

W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, "Nonlinear magic: multiphoton microscopy in the biosciences," Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1369-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zyss, J.

M. Zielinski, D. Oron, D. Chauvat, and J. Zyss, "Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single Core/Shell Quantum Dot," Small 5, 2835-2840 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Brasselet, V. Le Floćh, F. Treussart, J.-F. Roch, J. Zyss, E. Botzung-Appert, and A. Ibanez, "In Situ Diagnostics of the Crystalline Nature of Single Organic Nanocrystals by Nonlinear Microscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 207401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sénéchal, O. Maury, H. L. Bozec, I. Ledoux, and J. Zyss, "Zinc(II) as a versatile template for the design of dipolar and octupolar NLO-phores," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 4560-4561 (2002).
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S. Brasselet, and J. Zyss, "Multipolar molecules and multipolar fields: probing and controlling the tensorial nature of nonlinear molecular media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 257-288 (1998).
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J. Zyss, "Molecular engineering implications of rotational invariance in quadratic nonlinear optics: From dipolar to octupolar molecules and materials," J. Chem. Phys. 98, 6583 (1993).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano (2)

H. McDaniel, and M. Shim, "Size and Growth Rate Dependent Structural Diversification of Fe3O4/CdS Anisotropic Nanocrystal Heterostructures," ACS Nano 3, 434-440 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Shaviv, and U. Banin, "Synergistic Effects on Second Harmonic Generation of Hybrid CdSe-Au Nanoparticles," ACS Nano 4, 1529-1538 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Bonacina, Y. Mugnier, F. Courvoisier, R. Le Dantec, J. Extermann, Y. Lambert, V. Boutou, C. Galez, and J.-P. Wolf, "Polar Fe(IO3)3 nanocrystals as local probes for nonlinear microscopy," Appl. Phys. B 87, 399-403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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G. H. Patterson, and D. W. Piston, "Photobleaching in Two-Photon Excitation Microscopy," Biophys. J. 78, 2159-2162 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

W. W. Yu, L. Qu, W. Guo, and X. Peng, "Experimental Determination of the Extinction Coefficient of CdTe, CdSe, and CdS Nanocrystals," Chem. Mater. 15, 2854-2860 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

K. Sénéchal, O. Maury, H. L. Bozec, I. Ledoux, and J. Zyss, "Zinc(II) as a versatile template for the design of dipolar and octupolar NLO-phores," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 4560-4561 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, B. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, and M. Bawendi, "Type-II Quantum Dots: CdTe/CdSe(Core/Shell) and CdSe/ZnTe(Core/Shell) Heterostructures," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11466-11467 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. Zyss, "Molecular engineering implications of rotational invariance in quadratic nonlinear optics: From dipolar to octupolar molecules and materials," J. Chem. Phys. 98, 6583 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron. Mater. (2)

P. Boieriu, R. Sporken, Y. Xin, N. D. Browning, and S. Sivananthan, "Wurtzite CdS on CdTe grown by molecular beam epitaxy," J. Electron. Mater. 29, 718-722 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Masui, S. C. Cruz, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, "Geometrical Characteristics and Surface Polarity of Inclined Crystallographic Planes of the Wurtzite and Zinc blende Structures," J. Electron. Mater. 38, 756-760 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

A. V. Kachynski, A. N. Kuzmin, M. Nyk, I. Roy, and P. N. Prasad, "Zinc Oxide Nanocrystals for Nonresonant Nonlinear Optical Microscopy in Biology and Medicine," J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 10721-10724 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Toyama, K. Matsune, H. Oda, M. Ohta, and H. Okamoto, "X-ray diffraction study of CdS/CdTe heterostructure for thin-film solar cell: influence of CdS grain size on subsequent growth of (111)-oriented CdTe film," J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39, 1537-1542 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (2)

B. K. Canfield, H. Husu, J. Laukkanen, B. Bai, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, "Local Field Asymmetry Drives Second-Harmonic Generation in Noncentrosymmetric Nanodimers," Nano Lett. 7, 1251-1255 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Figuerola, M. V. Huis, M. Zanella, A. Genovese, S. Marras, A. Falqui, H. W. Zandbergen, R. Cingolani, and L. Manna, "Epitaxial CdSe-Au Nanocrystal Heterostructures by Thermal Annealing," Nano Lett. 10, 3028-3036 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Biotechnol. (1)

W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, "Nonlinear magic: multiphoton microscopy in the biosciences," Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1369-1377 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

L. Manna, D. J. Millirion, A. Meisel, E. C. Scher, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Controlled growth of tetrapod-branched inorganic nanocrystals," Nat. Mater. 2, 382-385 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

P. Frantsuzov, M. Kuno, B. Jankó, and R. A. Marcus, "Universal emission intermittency in quantum dots, nanorods and nanowires," Nat. Phys. 4, 519-522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

M. Nirmal, B. O. Dabbousi, M. G. Bawendi, J. J. Macklin, J. K. Trautman, T. D. Harris, and L. E. Brus, "Fluorescence intermittency in single cadmium selenide nanocrystals," Nature 383, 802-804 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Milliron, S. M. Hughes, Y. Cui, L. Manna, J. Li, L.-W. Wang, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Colloidal nanocrystal heterostructures with linear and branched topology," Nature 430, 190-195 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Peng, L. Manna, W. Yang, J. Wickham, E. Scher, A. Kadavanich, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals," Nature 404, 59-61 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A (1)

E. C. Scher, L. Manna, and A. P. Alivisatos, "Shape control and applications of nanocrystals," Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 361, 241-257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. Brasselet, V. Le Floćh, F. Treussart, J.-F. Roch, J. Zyss, E. Botzung-Appert, and A. Ibanez, "In Situ Diagnostics of the Crystalline Nature of Single Organic Nanocrystals by Nonlinear Microscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 207401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C.-L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, "Nonlinear Optical Properties of Core-Shell Nanocavities for Enhanced Second-Harmonic Generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207402 (2010).
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Physica E (1)

S. Kudera, L. Carbone, E. Carlino, R. Cingolani, P. D. Cozzoli, and L. Manna, "Synthesis routes for the growth of complex nanostructure," Physica E 37, 128-133 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

P. Pantazis, J. Maloney, D. Wu, and S. E. Fraser, "Second harmonic generating (SHG) nanoprobes for in vivo imaging," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107, 14535-14540 (2010).
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Science (1)

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M. Zielinski, D. Oron, D. Chauvat, and J. Zyss, "Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single Core/Shell Quantum Dot," Small 5, 2835-2840 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Le Xuan, C. Zhou, A. Slablab, D. Chauvat, C. Tard, S. Perruchas, T. Gacoin, P. Villeval, and J.-F. Roch, "Photostable Second-Harmonic Generation from a Single KTiOPO4 Nanocrystals for Nonlinear Microscopy," Small 4, 1332-1336 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, Semiconductor and Metal Nanocrystals: Synthesis and Electronic and Optical Properties (Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 2004).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Absorption and (b) emission curves for the CdTe cores (dashed lines) and the CdTe/CdS hybrid structures (solid lines). The CdTe/CdS absorption curve is vertically shifted for clarity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a) TEM image of the rod-on-dot quantum heterostructures; CdTe cores and CdS rods are clearly distinguishable. b – c) AFM topographical and phase scans (obtained with a tapping mode (TM)) of a single and well isolated RD QD immersed within a ≈ 30 nm thick PMMA host-matrix. d – f) TEM based histograms of the effective size distribution, characterizing the CdTe core and CdS rod dimensions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Graphical illustration and (b) analytical analysis of the polarization response of decomposed total SHG field E scat SHG, calculated for a single RD QD (b). Polarization plots show contributions of the CdTe core, CdS rod and the interference term (positive and negative) into I tot SHG.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

a) Rod-on-dot QD cross-sections illustrating growth of the CdS QR in a range from 4 – 20 nm on a 6 nm diameter CdTe core. b) Calculated polarization responses of the SHG emission, obtained for a single RD QD during progressive growth of its rod.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

a) Experimentally obtained polarization analysis of the SH emission observed for three RD QDs (QD 1–3). Open scattered points represent the raw data, while line traces show smoothed functions (SF). b) Calculated fits of the experimental data smoothed traces. c) 3D projections of RD QD crystalline lattices, characterizing the orientations of experimentally studied RD NPs by Euler sets of angles.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

a) SHG emission spectra, recorded with the same incident power of about 3.0 mW, at six different excitation wavelengths (intensities without correction, given in arbitrary units). The inset shows a diffraction limited scan of a single RD QD with respect to the laboratory axis frame. b) SHG quadratic dependency on the incident power of the excitation light, evidencing a two-photon process. The inset contains the same data plotted on a logarithmic scale. c) Photostability of the SHG signal scattering from a single RD QD, recorded as two polarization components along x (red trace) and y (blue trace), respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Excitation spectra showing the wavelength dependence of the SHG intensity observed from two different single RD QDs (red and blue traces). The open black scattered trace, placed for comparison, shows this dependency for spherical CdTe/CdS QDs, reported in Ref. [12]. All curves reflect changes of the SHG cross-section with respect to the quantum size confinement effect (cross-sections of QDs are scaled with a real ratio with respect to size differences).

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

χ hybrid ( 2 ) = χ sym 1 ( 2 ) + χ sym 2 ( 2 ) + χ sym 3 ( 2 ) +
χ R D ( 2 ) = χ 4 ¯ 3 m ( 2 ) + χ 6 m m ( 2 )
( I t o t S H G ) i = ( I C d T e S H G + I C d S S H G + I interference SHG ) i j k l m [ χ i j k ( 2 ) C d T e χ i l m ( 2 ) C d T e * + ν 2 χ i j k ( 2 ) C d S χ i l m ( 2 ) C d S * + ν ( χ i j k ( 2 ) C d T e χ i l m ( 2 ) C d S * + c . c . ) ] E j ω E k ω E l ω * E m ω *
P i ( 2 ) ( 2 ω ) = ɛ 0 j , k χ i j k ( 2 ) ( 2 ω ; ω , ω ) E j ( ω ) E k ( ω )
χ C d T e ( 2 ) = 2 [ 0 0 0 d 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 d 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 d 14 ]
χ C d S ( 2 ) = 2 [ 0 0 0 0 d 15 0 0 0 0 d 15 0 0 d 31 d 31 d 33 0 0 0 ]

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