Abstract

Fiber-optic Cherenkov radiation has emerged as a wavelength conversion technique to achieve isolated spectrum in the visible wavelength range. Most published results have reinforced the impression that CR forms a narrowband spectrum with poor efficiency. We both theoretically and experimentally investigate fiber-optic Cherenkov radiation excited by few-cycle pulses. We introduce the coherence length to quantify the Cherenkov-radiation bandwidth and its dependence on propagation distance. Detailed numerical simulations verified by experimental results reveal three unique features that are absent when pumped with often-used, long pulses; that is, continuum generation (may span one octave in connection with the pump spectrum), high conversion efficiency (up to 40%), and broad bandwidth (70 nm experimentally obtained) for the isolated Cherenkov radiation spectrum. These merits allow achieving broadband visible-wavelength spectra from low-energy ultrafast sources which opens up new applications (e.g. precision calibration of astronomical spectrographs).

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, Y. C. Lee, and H. H. Chen, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in the neighborhood of the zero-dispersion wavelength of monomode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 11(7), 464–466 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Radiations by “solitons” at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 41(1), 426–439 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. I. Karpman, “Radiation by solitons due to higher-order dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 47(3), 2073–2082 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. M. J. Kelly, “A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of third order dispersion,” Opt. Commun. 114(3–4), 321–328 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Hasegawa, and E. Sasaoka, “Chromatic dispersion control in photonic crystal fibers: application to ultra-flattened dispersion,” Opt. Express 11(8), 843–852 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Stark, F. Biancalana, A. Podlipensky, and P. St. J.Russell, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in photonic crystal fibers with three zero dispersion points,” Phys. Rev. A 83(2), 023808 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016619 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(20), 203901 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation, four-wave mixing, and fission of higher- order solitons in photonic-crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2171–2182 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, “Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 77(2–3), 307–311 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, “Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generation in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4614–4624 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. R. Austin, C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and T. G. Brown, “Dispersive wave blue-shift in supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11997–12007 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 653–657 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. P. Stark, A. Podlipensky, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Ultraviolet-enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered photonic crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 592–598 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Roy, S. K. Bhadra, and G. P. Agrawal, “Effects of higher-order dispersion on resonant dispersive waves emitted by solitons,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2072–2074 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. A. Amorim, H. M. Crespo, M. Miranda, J. L. Silva, and L. M. Bernardo, “Study of non-solitonic blue-green radiation generated in mm-long photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6187, 618717 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. V. Mitrofanov, Y. M. Linik, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, D. Lorenc, I. Bugar, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Highly birefringent silicate glass photonic-crystal fiber with polarization-controlled frequency-shifted output: A promising fiber light source for nonlinear Raman microspectroscopy,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10645–10651 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, “Optical frequency up-conversion by supercontinuum-free widely-tunable fiber-optic Cherenkov radiation,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9858–9872 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, “Ultraviolet-visible non-supercontinuum ultrafast source enabled by switching single silicon strand-like photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17983–17988 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. G. Q. Chang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly efficient Cherenkov radiation in photonic crystal fibers for broadband visible wavelength generation,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2361–2363 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. F. X. Kärtner, ed., Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications (Springer, 2004).
  25. S. Hill, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, and F. König, “Evolution of light trapped by a soliton in a microstructured fiber,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13588–13600 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  27. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, 2001).
  28. Q. Lin and G. P. Agrawal, “Raman response function for silica fibers,” Opt. Lett. 31(21), 3086–3088 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321–2323 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  30. Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 510–524 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  31. S. Roy, S. K. Bhadra, and G. P. Agrawal, “Effects of higher-order dispersion on resonant dispersive waves emitted by solitons,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 2072–2074 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  33. C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s−1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. D. A. Braje, M. S. Kirchner, S. Osterman, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Astronomical spectrograph calibration with broad-spectrum frequency combs,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48(1), 57–66 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  36. G. Q. Chang, C.-H. Li, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a broadband astro-comb: effects of nonlinear spectral broadening in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12736–12747 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  38. C.-H. Li, A. G. Glenday, A. J. Benedick, G. Q. Chang, L.-J. Chen, C. Cramer, P. Fendel, G. Furesz, F. X. Kärtner, S. Korzennik, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “In-situ determination of astro-comb calibrator lines to better than 10 cm−1,” Opt. Express 18(12), 13239–13249 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. F. Quinlan, G. Ycas, S. Osterman, and S. A. Diddams, “A 12.5 GHz-spaced optical frequency comb spanning >400 nm for near-infrared astronomical spectrograph calibration,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(6), 063105 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. A. J. Benedick, G. Q. Chang, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, A. G. Glenday, C.-H. Li, D. F. Phillips, A. Szentgyorgyi, S. Korzennik, G. Furesz, R. L. Walsworth, and F. X. Kärtner, “Visible wavelength astro-comb,” Opt. Express 18(18), 19175–19184 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. F. Bouchy, F. Pepe, and D. Queloz, “Fundamental photon noise limit to radial velocity measurements,” Astron. Astrophys. 374(2), 733–739 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  42. C.-H. Li, G. Q. Chang, L.-J. Chen, D. Phillips, F. Kärtner, and R. Walsworth, “Lab demonstration and characterization of a green astro-comb,” Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (2011), paper AME5.

2011 (1)

S. Stark, F. Biancalana, A. Podlipensky, and P. St. J.Russell, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in photonic crystal fibers with three zero dispersion points,” Phys. Rev. A 83(2), 023808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (8)

S. P. Stark, A. Podlipensky, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Ultraviolet-enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered photonic crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 592–598 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Chang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly efficient Cherenkov radiation in photonic crystal fibers for broadband visible wavelength generation,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2361–2363 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Q. Chang, C.-H. Li, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a broadband astro-comb: effects of nonlinear spectral broadening in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12736–12747 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Li, A. G. Glenday, A. J. Benedick, G. Q. Chang, L.-J. Chen, C. Cramer, P. Fendel, G. Furesz, F. X. Kärtner, S. Korzennik, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “In-situ determination of astro-comb calibrator lines to better than 10 cm−1,” Opt. Express 18(12), 13239–13249 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Quinlan, G. Ycas, S. Osterman, and S. A. Diddams, “A 12.5 GHz-spaced optical frequency comb spanning >400 nm for near-infrared astronomical spectrograph calibration,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(6), 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Benedick, G. Q. Chang, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, A. G. Glenday, C.-H. Li, D. F. Phillips, A. Szentgyorgyi, S. Korzennik, G. Furesz, R. L. Walsworth, and F. X. Kärtner, “Visible wavelength astro-comb,” Opt. Express 18(18), 19175–19184 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

2008 (3)

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s−1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Braje, M. S. Kirchner, S. Osterman, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Astronomical spectrograph calibration with broad-spectrum frequency combs,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48(1), 57–66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

2005 (1)

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016619 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (3)

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, “Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 77(2–3), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Hasegawa, and E. Sasaoka, “Chromatic dispersion control in photonic crystal fibers: application to ultra-flattened dispersion,” Opt. Express 11(8), 843–852 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(20), 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Bouchy, F. Pepe, and D. Queloz, “Fundamental photon noise limit to radial velocity measurements,” Astron. Astrophys. 374(2), 733–739 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. M. J. Kelly, “A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of third order dispersion,” Opt. Commun. 114(3–4), 321–328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

V. I. Karpman, “Radiation by solitons due to higher-order dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 47(3), 2073–2082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Radiations by “solitons” at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 41(1), 426–439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 510–524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alfimov, M. V.

Amorim, A. A.

A. A. Amorim, H. M. Crespo, M. Miranda, J. L. Silva, and L. M. Bernardo, “Study of non-solitonic blue-green radiation generated in mm-long photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6187, 618717 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Araujo-Hauck, C.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Austin, D. R.

Benedick, A. J.

Bernardo, L. M.

A. A. Amorim, H. M. Crespo, M. Miranda, J. L. Silva, and L. M. Bernardo, “Study of non-solitonic blue-green radiation generated in mm-long photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6187, 618717 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bhadra, S. K.

Biancalana, F.

S. Stark, F. Biancalana, A. Podlipensky, and P. St. J.Russell, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in photonic crystal fibers with three zero dispersion points,” Phys. Rev. A 83(2), 023808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Birge, J. R.

Boppart, S. A.

Bouchy, F.

F. Bouchy, F. Pepe, and D. Queloz, “Fundamental photon noise limit to radial velocity measurements,” Astron. Astrophys. 374(2), 733–739 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. M. J. Kelly, “A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of third order dispersion,” Opt. Commun. 114(3–4), 321–328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Braje, D. A.

D. A. Braje, M. S. Kirchner, S. Osterman, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Astronomical spectrograph calibration with broad-spectrum frequency combs,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48(1), 57–66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brown, T. G.

Buczynski, R.

Bugar, I.

Chang, G. Q.

Chen, H. H.

P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Radiations by “solitons” at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 41(1), 426–439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, Y. C. Lee, and H. H. Chen, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in the neighborhood of the zero-dispersion wavelength of monomode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 11(7), 464–466 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, L.-J.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cramer, C.

Crespo, H. M.

A. A. Amorim, H. M. Crespo, M. Miranda, J. L. Silva, and L. M. Bernardo, “Study of non-solitonic blue-green radiation generated in mm-long photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6187, 618717 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cristiani, I.

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, “Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 77(2–3), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D’Odorico, S.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Sterke, C. M.

Degiorgio, V.

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, “Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 77(2–3), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, H.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

F. Quinlan, G. Ycas, S. Osterman, and S. A. Diddams, “A 12.5 GHz-spaced optical frequency comb spanning >400 nm for near-infrared astronomical spectrograph calibration,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(6), 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Braje, M. S. Kirchner, S. Osterman, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Astronomical spectrograph calibration with broad-spectrum frequency combs,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48(1), 57–66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D'Odorico, S.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eggert, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Elgin, J. N.

J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. M. J. Kelly, “A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of third order dispersion,” Opt. Commun. 114(3–4), 321–328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fedotov, A. B.

Fendel, P.

C.-H. Li, A. G. Glenday, A. J. Benedick, G. Q. Chang, L.-J. Chen, C. Cramer, P. Fendel, G. Furesz, F. X. Kärtner, S. Korzennik, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “In-situ determination of astro-comb calibrator lines to better than 10 cm−1,” Opt. Express 18(12), 13239–13249 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s−1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, M.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fortier, T.

D. A. Braje, M. S. Kirchner, S. Osterman, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Astronomical spectrograph calibration with broad-spectrum frequency combs,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48(1), 57–66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Furesz, G.

Genty, G.

Glenday, A. G.

Gorbach, A. V.

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hanke, T.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, A.

Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 510–524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, T.

Heinz, T. F.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation, four-wave mixing, and fission of higher- order solitons in photonic-crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2171–2182 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(20), 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hill, S.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huber, R.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Husakou, A. V.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation, four-wave mixing, and fission of higher- order solitons in photonic-crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2171–2182 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(20), 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, A. A.

Joly, N. Y.

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karpman, V. I.

V. I. Karpman, “Radiation by solitons due to higher-order dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 47(3), 2073–2082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kelly, S. M. J.

J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. M. J. Kelly, “A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of third order dispersion,” Opt. Commun. 114(3–4), 321–328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kentischer, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kirchner, M. S.

D. A. Braje, M. S. Kirchner, S. Osterman, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Astronomical spectrograph calibration with broad-spectrum frequency combs,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48(1), 57–66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kodama, Y.

Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 510–524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

König, F.

Korzennik, S.

Koshiba, M.

Krauss, G.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuklewicz, C. E.

Lee, Y. C.

P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Radiations by “solitons” at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 41(1), 426–439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, Y. C. Lee, and H. H. Chen, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in the neighborhood of the zero-dispersion wavelength of monomode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 11(7), 464–466 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lehtonen, M.

Leitenstorfer, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leonhardt, U.

Li, C.-H.

Lin, Q.

Linik, Y. M.

Lo Curto, G.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lohss, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lorenc, D.

Lovis, C.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luan, F.

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ludvigsen, H.

Manescau, A.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Miranda, M.

A. A. Amorim, H. M. Crespo, M. Miranda, J. L. Silva, and L. M. Bernardo, “Study of non-solitonic blue-green radiation generated in mm-long photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6187, 618717 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mitrofanov, A. V.

Murphy, M. T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nahata, A.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Osterman, S.

F. Quinlan, G. Ycas, S. Osterman, and S. A. Diddams, “A 12.5 GHz-spaced optical frequency comb spanning >400 nm for near-infrared astronomical spectrograph calibration,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(6), 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Braje, M. S. Kirchner, S. Osterman, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Astronomical spectrograph calibration with broad-spectrum frequency combs,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48(1), 57–66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pasquini, L.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pepe, F.

F. Bouchy, F. Pepe, and D. Queloz, “Fundamental photon noise limit to radial velocity measurements,” Astron. Astrophys. 374(2), 733–739 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, D. F.

Podlipensky, A.

S. Stark, F. Biancalana, A. Podlipensky, and P. St. J.Russell, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in photonic crystal fibers with three zero dispersion points,” Phys. Rev. A 83(2), 023808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Stark, A. Podlipensky, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Ultraviolet-enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered photonic crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 592–598 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pysz, D.

Queloz, D.

F. Bouchy, F. Pepe, and D. Queloz, “Fundamental photon noise limit to radial velocity measurements,” Astron. Astrophys. 374(2), 733–739 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Quinlan, F.

F. Quinlan, G. Ycas, S. Osterman, and S. A. Diddams, “A 12.5 GHz-spaced optical frequency comb spanning >400 nm for near-infrared astronomical spectrograph calibration,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(6), 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roy, S.

Russell, P. St. J.

S. P. Stark, A. Podlipensky, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Ultraviolet-enhanced supercontinuum generation in tapered photonic crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 592–598 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saitoh, K.

Sasaoka, E.

Sasselov, D.

C.-H. Li, A. G. Glenday, A. J. Benedick, G. Q. Chang, L.-J. Chen, C. Cramer, P. Fendel, G. Furesz, F. X. Kärtner, S. Korzennik, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “In-situ determination of astro-comb calibrator lines to better than 10 cm−1,” Opt. Express 18(12), 13239–13249 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s−1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, W.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sell, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Silva, J. L.

A. A. Amorim, H. M. Crespo, M. Miranda, J. L. Silva, and L. M. Bernardo, “Study of non-solitonic blue-green radiation generated in mm-long photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6187, 618717 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sizmann, A.

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Skryabin, D. V.

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016619 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

St. J.Russell, P.

S. Stark, F. Biancalana, A. Podlipensky, and P. St. J.Russell, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in photonic crystal fibers with three zero dispersion points,” Phys. Rev. A 83(2), 023808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stark, S.

S. Stark, F. Biancalana, A. Podlipensky, and P. St. J.Russell, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in photonic crystal fibers with three zero dispersion points,” Phys. Rev. A 83(2), 023808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stark, S. P.

Steinmetz, T.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szentgyorgyi, A.

Tartara, L.

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, “Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 77(2–3), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tu, H.

Udem, T.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Radiations by “solitons” at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 41(1), 426–439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, Y. C. Lee, and H. H. Chen, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in the neighborhood of the zero-dispersion wavelength of monomode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 11(7), 464–466 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walsworth, R. L.

Weling, A. S.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wilken, T.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ycas, G.

F. Quinlan, G. Ycas, S. Osterman, and S. A. Diddams, “A 12.5 GHz-spaced optical frequency comb spanning >400 nm for near-infrared astronomical spectrograph calibration,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(6), 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yulin, A. V.

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016619 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheltikov, A. M.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, “Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 77(2–3), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321–2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

F. Bouchy, F. Pepe, and D. Queloz, “Fundamental photon noise limit to radial velocity measurements,” Astron. Astrophys. 374(2), 733–739 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

D. A. Braje, M. S. Kirchner, S. Osterman, T. Fortier, and S. A. Diddams, “Astronomical spectrograph calibration with broad-spectrum frequency combs,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48(1), 57–66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(5), 510–524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

M. T. Murphy, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D'Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. (1)

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. Lett. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s−1,” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. M. J. Kelly, “A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of third order dispersion,” Opt. Commun. 114(3–4), 321–328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (10)

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Hasegawa, and E. Sasaoka, “Chromatic dispersion control in photonic crystal fibers: application to ultra-flattened dispersion,” Opt. Express 11(8), 843–852 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, “Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generation in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 12(19), 4614–4624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Austin, C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and T. G. Brown, “Dispersive wave blue-shift in supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11997–12007 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Mitrofanov, Y. M. Linik, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, D. Lorenc, I. Bugar, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Highly birefringent silicate glass photonic-crystal fiber with polarization-controlled frequency-shifted output: A promising fiber light source for nonlinear Raman microspectroscopy,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10645–10651 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, “Optical frequency up-conversion by supercontinuum-free widely-tunable fiber-optic Cherenkov radiation,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9858–9872 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, “Ultraviolet-visible non-supercontinuum ultrafast source enabled by switching single silicon strand-like photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17983–17988 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Q. Chang, C.-H. Li, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and F. X. Kärtner, “Toward a broadband astro-comb: effects of nonlinear spectral broadening in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12736–12747 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Li, A. G. Glenday, A. J. Benedick, G. Q. Chang, L.-J. Chen, C. Cramer, P. Fendel, G. Furesz, F. X. Kärtner, S. Korzennik, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “In-situ determination of astro-comb calibrator lines to better than 10 cm−1,” Opt. Express 18(12), 13239–13249 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Benedick, G. Q. Chang, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, A. G. Glenday, C.-H. Li, D. F. Phillips, A. Szentgyorgyi, S. Korzennik, G. Furesz, R. L. Walsworth, and F. X. Kärtner, “Visible wavelength astro-comb,” Opt. Express 18(18), 19175–19184 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hill, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, and F. König, “Evolution of light trapped by a soliton in a microstructured fiber,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13588–13600 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Radiations by “solitons” at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 41(1), 426–439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stark, F. Biancalana, A. Podlipensky, and P. St. J.Russell, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in photonic crystal fibers with three zero dispersion points,” Phys. Rev. A 83(2), 023808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016619 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics (1)

V. I. Karpman, “Radiation by solitons due to higher-order dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 47(3), 2073–2082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(20), 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. A. Amorim, H. M. Crespo, M. Miranda, J. L. Silva, and L. M. Bernardo, “Study of non-solitonic blue-green radiation generated in mm-long photonic crystal fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6187, 618717 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

F. Quinlan, G. Ycas, S. Osterman, and S. A. Diddams, “A 12.5 GHz-spaced optical frequency comb spanning >400 nm for near-infrared astronomical spectrograph calibration,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(6), 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

F. X. Kärtner, ed., Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications (Springer, 2004).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, 2001).

C.-H. Li, G. Q. Chang, L.-J. Chen, D. Phillips, F. Kärtner, and R. Walsworth, “Lab demonstration and characterization of a green astro-comb,” Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (2011), paper AME5.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) the PCF’s group velocity dispersion and calculated coherent length for three fundamental solitons with different peak power or center wavelength (see the legend). L c o n labels the continuum length for the blue curve; (b)-(d) spectrum evolution along propagation distance for fundamental solitons with different FWHM duration or different center wavelength (as indicated in each figure). The spectrum intensity is shown in logarithm scale. The double-arrow line marks the continuum that connects the phase-matching wavelength and the soliton center wavelength.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependency of FOCR conversion efficiency on input pulse duration for different pulse energy. An optimum duration in maximizing conversion efficiency exists for a given input pulse energy; the optimum duration becomes shorter with increasing pulse energy. The orange dashed line indicates the duration that corresponds to a pulse of 10 cycles centered at 0.8 µm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Evolution of FOCR conversion efficiency and spectral bandwidth along propagation distance for a 10-fs hyperbolic secant pulse centered at 0.8 µm with 300-pJ pulse energy. Insets (a) and (b) plot spectra corresponding to the maximum and minimum bandwidth. Further propagation of spectrum recorded in (b) up to 2 cm results in the FOCR spectrum shown as the blue, solid line in inset (c). If we propagate only the FOCR spectrum (i.e., spectrum in 0.4-0.6 µm), the corresponding spectrum at 2-cm distance is denoted by the red, dashed curve. See the text for details. Note that the spectra are shown in linear scale.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Evolution of FOCR spectrum with increased PCF length, labeled as 2 mm, 4 mm, and 2 cm, respectively. The input pulse energy is fixed at 300 pJ. Inset shows the laser spectrum coupled into the fiber (i.e., the optical spectrum at the beginning of the PCF). (b) Evolution of FOCR spectrum with increased input pulse energy for the 2-mm long PCF.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

FOCR spectra generated by 10-cm PCFs with different ZDWs, i.e., 710 nm (red curve), 735 nm (green curve), and 750 nm (blue curve). The one with 750-nm ZDW is a polarization maintaining (PM) PCF.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A z + ( n = 2 β n i n 1 n ! n T n ) A = i γ ( 1 + i ω 0 T ) ( A ( z , T ) + R ( t ' ) | A ( z , T t ' ) | 2 d t ' ) ,
R ( t ) = ( 1 f R ) δ ( t ) + f R [ ( f a + f c ) h a ( t ) + f b h b ( t ) ] .
L c ( ω ) = π | β ( ω ) β s ( ω ) | = π | n 2 ( ω ω 0 ) n n ! β n ( ω 0 ) ( 1 f R ) γ P 0 2 | .
N = 0.32 ( 1 f R ) γ P 0 T 0 2 / | β 2 | E 0 T 0 ,
L c ( ω ) = π | n 2 ( ω ω 0 ) n n ! β n ( ω 0 ) ( 2 N 1 ) 2 ( 1 f R ) γ P 0 2 N 2 | .

Metrics