Abstract

We report a study of the attenuation spectra transformations for a series of Bismuth (Bi) doped silica fibers with various contents of emission-active Bi centers, which arise as the result of irradiation by a beam of high-energy electrons. The experimental data reveal a substantial decrease of concentration of the Bi centers, associated with the presence of Germanium in silica glass, at increasing the irradiation dose (the resonant-absorption bleaching effect in germano-silicate fiber). In contrast, the spectral changes that appear in Bi doped alumino-silicate fiber have through irradiation a completely different character, viz., weak growth of the resonant-absorption peaks ascribed to the Bi centers, associated with the presence of Aluminum in silica glass. These results demonstrating high susceptibility of Bi centers to electron irradiation while opposite routes of the irradiation-induced spectral changes in Bi doped germanate and aluminate fibers seem to be of worth notice for understanding the nature of these centers.

© 2011 OSA

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2010 (11)

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Factors affecting the formation of near infrared-emitting optical centers in Bi-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 455–458 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Crystal field and molecular orbital theory of MBm centres in glasses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(2), 025402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto, “Local structure of the infrared bismuth luminescent center in bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 581–589 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ou, S. Baccaro, Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on the optical properties of PbO-B2O3-SiO2 and Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 338–341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, H. Geng, C. Sun, Z. Zhang, and S. He, “Evolution of defects in a multicomponent glass irradiated by 1 MeV electrons,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 268(9), 1478–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centers in glass,” Quantum Electron. 40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Trukhin, A. Sharakovski, J. Grube, and D. L. Griscom, “Sub-band-gap-excited luminescence of localized states in SiO2–Si and SiO2–Al glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(20-22), 982–986 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, H. El Hamzaoui, V. Yu. Ivanov, E. F. Kustov, B. Capoen, and M. Bouazaoui, “Optical spectroscopy of bismuth-doped pure silica fiber preform,” Opt. Lett. 35(9), 1341–1343 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, B. Sprenger, M. A. Schmidt, H. G. L. Schwefel, and L. Wondraczek, “Broadband NIR photoluminescence from Bi-doped Ba2P2O7 crystals: insights into the nature of NIR-emitting Bismuth centers,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12852–12863 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (7)

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and V. M. Mashinsky, “Molecular orbital model of optical centers in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1549–1551 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, and R. R. Alfano, “Excitation relaxation pathways in p-element (Bi, Pb, Sb and Sn)-doped germinate glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(7), 1435–1441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Abramov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and optical gain in Pb-doped silica-based optical fibers,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13487–13492 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, Q. Zhao, J. Qiu, and L. Wondraczek, “Generation of emission centers for broadband NIR luminescence in bismuthate glass by femtosecond laser irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(2), 542–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Compositional optimization of bismuth-doped yttria-alumina-silica glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(2), 368–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (6)

Q. Yan-Qing and S. Yong-Hang, “Fluorescence emission centres and the corresponding infrared fluorescence saturation in a bismuth-doped silica fibre,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(7), 2527–2530 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Alessi, S. Agnello, F. M. Gelardi, S. Grandi, A. Magistris, and R. Boscaino, “Twofold co-ordinated Ge defects induced by gamma-ray irradiation in Ge-doped SiO2.,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4895–4900 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Spectroscopic study of optical centers formed in Bi-, Pb-, Sb-, Sn-, Te-, and In-doped germanate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(18), 2131–2133 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1993 (1)

D. L. Griscom, M. E. Gingerich, and E. J. Friebele, “Radiation-induced defects in glasses: Origin of power-law dependence of concentration on dose,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(7), 1019–1022 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

Y. Watanabe, H. Kawazoe, K. Shibuya, and K. Muta, “Structure and mechanism of formation of drawing- or radiation-induced defects in SiO2:GeO2 optical fiber,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25(Part 1, No. 3), 425–431 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

L. N. Skuja, A. N. Trukhin, and A. E. Plaudis, “Luminescence in germanium-doped glassy SiO2,” Phys. Status Solidi A 84(2), K153–K157 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

E. J. Friebele, D. L. Griscom, and G. H. Sigel., “Defect centers in a germanium-doped silica-core optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(8), 3424–3428 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Abramov, A. N.

Agnello, S.

Alessi, A.

Alfano, R. R.

Baccaro, S.

Y. Ou, S. Baccaro, Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on the optical properties of PbO-B2O3-SiO2 and Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 338–341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baggio, J.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

Bisutti, J.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boscaino, R.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Alessi, S. Agnello, F. M. Gelardi, S. Grandi, A. Magistris, and R. Boscaino, “Twofold co-ordinated Ge defects induced by gamma-ray irradiation in Ge-doped SiO2.,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4895–4900 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouazaoui, M.

Boukenter, A.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Médjahdi, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, F. Messina, and M. Cannas, “Ultraviolet-induced paramagnetic centers and absorption changes in singlemode Ge-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express 14(13), 5885–5894 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouwmans, G.

Brazhkin, V. V.

Bufetov, I. A.

Bufetova, G. A.

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bulatov, L. I.

Bykov, A. B.

Cannas, M.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Médjahdi, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, F. Messina, and M. Cannas, “Ultraviolet-induced paramagnetic centers and absorption changes in singlemode Ge-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express 14(13), 5885–5894 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Capoen, B.

Chen, D.

Chen, D. P.

Chen, G.

Y. Ou, S. Baccaro, Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on the optical properties of PbO-B2O3-SiO2 and Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 338–341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Denker, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Factors affecting the formation of near infrared-emitting optical centers in Bi-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 455–458 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Factors affecting the formation of near infrared-emitting optical centers in Bi-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 455–458 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centers in glass,” Quantum Electron. 40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Crystal field and molecular orbital theory of MBm centres in glasses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(2), 025402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Abramov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and optical gain in Pb-doped silica-based optical fibers,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13487–13492 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Mel’kumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power CW bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. D. Sazhin, V. V. Brazhkin, and V. A. Sidorov, “Optical absorption and luminescence of germanium oxygen-deficient centers in densified germanosilicate glass,” Opt. Lett. 22(14), 1089–1091 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Douay, M.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Crystal field and molecular orbital theory of MBm centres in glasses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(2), 025402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and V. M. Mashinsky, “Molecular orbital model of optical centers in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1549–1551 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

El Hamzaoui, H.

Favre, A.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ferin, A. A.

Firstov, S. V.

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Abramov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and optical gain in Pb-doped silica-based optical fibers,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13487–13492 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Friebele, E. J.

D. L. Griscom, M. E. Gingerich, and E. J. Friebele, “Radiation-induced defects in glasses: Origin of power-law dependence of concentration on dose,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(7), 1019–1022 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Friebele, D. L. Griscom, and G. H. Sigel., “Defect centers in a germanium-doped silica-core optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(8), 3424–3428 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto, “Local structure of the infrared bismuth luminescent center in bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 581–589 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Galagan, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Factors affecting the formation of near infrared-emitting optical centers in Bi-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 455–458 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gelardi, F. M.

Geng, H.

Q. Wang, H. Geng, C. Sun, Z. Zhang, and S. He, “Evolution of defects in a multicomponent glass irradiated by 1 MeV electrons,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 268(9), 1478–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gingerich, M. E.

D. L. Griscom, M. E. Gingerich, and E. J. Friebele, “Radiation-induced defects in glasses: Origin of power-law dependence of concentration on dose,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(7), 1019–1022 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Girard, S.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grandi, S.

Griscom, D. L.

A. N. Trukhin, A. Sharakovski, J. Grube, and D. L. Griscom, “Sub-band-gap-excited luminescence of localized states in SiO2–Si and SiO2–Al glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(20-22), 982–986 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, “Self-trapped holes in pure-silica glass: A history of their discovery and characterization and an example of their critical significance to industry,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2601–2617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, M. E. Gingerich, and E. J. Friebele, “Radiation-induced defects in glasses: Origin of power-law dependence of concentration on dose,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(7), 1019–1022 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Friebele, D. L. Griscom, and G. H. Sigel., “Defect centers in a germanium-doped silica-core optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(8), 3424–3428 (1974).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, “Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids . in press, doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.11.011 .

Grube, J.

A. N. Trukhin, A. Sharakovski, J. Grube, and D. L. Griscom, “Sub-band-gap-excited luminescence of localized states in SiO2–Si and SiO2–Al glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(20-22), 982–986 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A. N.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Abramov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and optical gain in Pb-doped silica-based optical fibers,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13487–13492 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Q. Wang, H. Geng, C. Sun, Z. Zhang, and S. He, “Evolution of defects in a multicomponent glass irradiated by 1 MeV electrons,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 268(9), 1478–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, M. A.

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Compositional optimization of bismuth-doped yttria-alumina-silica glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(2), 368–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, V. Yu.

Jiang, X.

Jiang, X. W.

Kawazoe, H.

Y. Watanabe, H. Kawazoe, K. Shibuya, and K. Muta, “Structure and mechanism of formation of drawing- or radiation-induced defects in SiO2:GeO2 optical fiber,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25(Part 1, No. 3), 425–431 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Khopin, V. F.

Kir’yanov, A. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kustov, E. F.

Magistris, A.

Marcandella, C.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Crystal field and molecular orbital theory of MBm centres in glasses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(2), 025402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Kustov, L. I. Bulatov, V. V. Dvoyrin, and V. M. Mashinsky, “Molecular orbital model of optical centers in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1549–1551 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient bismuth-doped fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44(9), 834–840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, O. D. Sazhin, V. V. Brazhkin, and V. A. Sidorov, “Optical absorption and luminescence of germanium oxygen-deficient centers in densified germanosilicate glass,” Opt. Lett. 22(14), 1089–1091 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Médjahdi, K.

Medvedkov, O. I.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Mel’kumov, O. I. Medvedkov, and I. A. Bufetov, “High-power CW bismuth-fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1749–1755 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mel’kumov, M. A.

Melkumov, M. A.

Meng, X.

Meng, X. G.

Messina, F.

Meunier, J.-P.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Muta, K.

Y. Watanabe, H. Kawazoe, K. Shibuya, and K. Muta, “Structure and mechanism of formation of drawing- or radiation-induced defects in SiO2:GeO2 optical fiber,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25(Part 1, No. 3), 425–431 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from Bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Neustruev, V. B.

Ohishi, Y.

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Compositional optimization of bismuth-doped yttria-alumina-silica glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(2), 368–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Origlio, G.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Factors affecting the formation of near infrared-emitting optical centers in Bi-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 455–458 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ou, Y.

Y. Ou, S. Baccaro, Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on the optical properties of PbO-B2O3-SiO2 and Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 338–341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ouerdane, Y.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Médjahdi, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, F. Messina, and M. Cannas, “Ultraviolet-induced paramagnetic centers and absorption changes in singlemode Ge-doped optical fibers,” Opt. Express 14(13), 5885–5894 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paillet, P.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peng, M.

Peng, M. Y.

Petricevic, V.

Plaudis, A. E.

L. N. Skuja, A. N. Trukhin, and A. E. Plaudis, “Luminescence in germanium-doped glassy SiO2,” Phys. Status Solidi A 84(2), K153–K157 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Popov, S. V.

Pureur, V.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Qiu, J. R.

Razdobreev, I.

Richard, N.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J.-P. Meunier, and R. Boscaino, “Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(6), 3473–3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rulkov, A. B.

Sazhin, O. D.

Schmidt, M. A.

Schwefel, H. G. L.

Semenov, S. L.

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sharakovski, A.

A. N. Trukhin, A. Sharakovski, J. Grube, and D. L. Griscom, “Sub-band-gap-excited luminescence of localized states in SiO2–Si and SiO2–Al glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(20-22), 982–986 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sharonov, M. Yu.

Shibuya, K.

Y. Watanabe, H. Kawazoe, K. Shibuya, and K. Muta, “Structure and mechanism of formation of drawing- or radiation-induced defects in SiO2:GeO2 optical fiber,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25(Part 1, No. 3), 425–431 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Shubin, A. V.

Shulman, I.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Factors affecting the formation of near infrared-emitting optical centers in Bi-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 455–458 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sidorov, V. A.

Sigel, G. H.

E. J. Friebele, D. L. Griscom, and G. H. Sigel., “Defect centers in a germanium-doped silica-core optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(8), 3424–3428 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Skuja, L. N.

L. N. Skuja, A. N. Trukhin, and A. E. Plaudis, “Luminescence in germanium-doped glassy SiO2,” Phys. Status Solidi A 84(2), K153–K157 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, V. O.

Sprenger, B.

Sun, C.

Q. Wang, H. Geng, C. Sun, Z. Zhang, and S. He, “Evolution of defects in a multicomponent glass irradiated by 1 MeV electrons,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 268(9), 1478–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

M. A. Hughes, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Compositional optimization of bismuth-doped yttria-alumina-silica glass,” Opt. Mater. 32(2), 368–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sverchkov, S.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, “Factors affecting the formation of near infrared-emitting optical centers in Bi-doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2-3), 455–458 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Trukhin, A. N.

A. N. Trukhin, A. Sharakovski, J. Grube, and D. L. Griscom, “Sub-band-gap-excited luminescence of localized states in SiO2–Si and SiO2–Al glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(20-22), 982–986 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Skuja, A. N. Trukhin, and A. E. Plaudis, “Luminescence in germanium-doped glassy SiO2,” Phys. Status Solidi A 84(2), K153–K157 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Umnikov, A. A.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir’yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, gain, and laser action in Bismuth-doped aluminosilicate optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vel’miskin, V. V.

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, H. Geng, C. Sun, Z. Zhang, and S. He, “Evolution of defects in a multicomponent glass irradiated by 1 MeV electrons,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 268(9), 1478–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, Y.

Y. Watanabe, H. Kawazoe, K. Shibuya, and K. Muta, “Structure and mechanism of formation of drawing- or radiation-induced defects in SiO2:GeO2 optical fiber,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25(Part 1, No. 3), 425–431 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, B. Sprenger, M. A. Schmidt, H. G. L. Schwefel, and L. Wondraczek, “Broadband NIR photoluminescence from Bi-doped Ba2P2O7 crystals: insights into the nature of NIR-emitting Bismuth centers,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12852–12863 (2010).
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M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, Q. Zhao, J. Qiu, and L. Wondraczek, “Generation of emission centers for broadband NIR luminescence in bismuthate glass by femtosecond laser irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(2), 542–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, I.

Yang, Y.

Y. Ou, S. Baccaro, Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on the optical properties of PbO-B2O3-SiO2 and Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 338–341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yan-Qing, Q.

Q. Yan-Qing and S. Yong-Hang, “Fluorescence emission centres and the corresponding infrared fluorescence saturation in a bismuth-doped silica fibre,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(7), 2527–2530 (2008).
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Yashkov, M. V.

Yong-Hang, S.

Q. Yan-Qing and S. Yong-Hang, “Fluorescence emission centres and the corresponding infrared fluorescence saturation in a bismuth-doped silica fibre,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(7), 2527–2530 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Ou, S. Baccaro, Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on the optical properties of PbO-B2O3-SiO2 and Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 338–341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Q. Wang, H. Geng, C. Sun, Z. Zhang, and S. He, “Evolution of defects in a multicomponent glass irradiated by 1 MeV electrons,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 268(9), 1478–1481 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q.

M. Peng, Q. Zhao, J. Qiu, and L. Wondraczek, “Generation of emission centers for broadband NIR luminescence in bismuthate glass by femtosecond laser irradiation,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(2), 542–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q. Z.

Zhu, C.

Zhu, C. S.

Zollfrank, C.

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Opt. Express (6)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Attenuation spectra of typical Bi doped germano-silicate (curve 1) and alumino-silicate (curve 2) silica fibers. Details of the absorption peaks’ attributions are given in Section 4. Arrow shows the pump wavelength (977 nm) used in the experiments on fluorescence spectra and lifetimes measurements. Dashed lines show schematically a trend of the background loss to grow towards shorter wavelengths.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Attenuation spectra of Bi doped germano-silicate fiber sample #48 obtained before (dose “0”) and after (doses “2” and “3”) electron irradiation. The spectral area, comprising the resonant-absorption peaks “1” and “2” which attribute Bi centers associated with the presence of Ge and Si in the host glass, is shown. (b) Insight to the spectral area of peak “2” in a vaster scale.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Attenuation spectra of Bi doped alumino-silicate fiber #33 obtained before (curve 1, dose “0”) and after (curve 2, dose “3”) electron irradiation. A part of the spectra is shown where the main resonant-absorption peaks of Bi(Al) centers are observed. Inset highlights the behavior of one of the peaks (@~700 nm) against the irradiation dose.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Attenuation spectra of Bi doped germano-silicate fibers #46 (curves 1 and 2) and #52 (curves 3 and 4) obtained before (dose “0”) and after (dose “3”) electron irradiation. The spectral area for the resonant-absorption peak “1” is zoomed.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dose dependences of attenuation of the resonant-absorption peaks “1” (~820 nm) (a) and “2” (~1400 nm) (b): The data for Bi doped germano-silicate fibers #46 (curves 1), #48 (curves 2), and #52 (curve 3) are shown. Figure (c) insights dose dependences of the peaks magnitudes’ ratios (@820 nm to @1400 nm – curve I and @500 nm to @1400 nm – curve II), for fibers #46 (circles) and #48 (squares).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Dose dependences of background loss measured at 700 nm wavelength for fibers #46 (curve 1), #48 (curve 2), and #52 (curve 3). (b) Inset showing the interrelation between the background loss and resonant-absorption peak “1” (~820 nm) magnitude for pristine fibers.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Fluorescence emission spectra before (curves 1 and 1’) and after (curves 2 and 2’) electron irradiation with a maximal dose. The data are obtained for (a) Bi doped germano-silicate fiber #46 (curves 1 and 2) and (b) Bi doped alumino-silicate fiber #33 (curves 1’ and 2’), respectively. Fluorescence excitation was performed using a fibered laser diode (pump wavelength – 977 nm, launched power – 190 mW).

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