Abstract

The Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser performance for two crystal orientations pumped by a wavelength tunable Ti:Sapphire laser is presented in this paper. An experimental investigation comparing a- and b-oriented Tm,Ho:YAlO3 crystals laser performance is demonstrated and discussed. Single- and multi-wavelength operations of Tm,Ho:YAlO3 lasers have been investigated in detail. The maximum output powers of 890 mW at 2119 nm for a-oriented Tm,Ho:YAlO3 crystal and 946 mW at 2103 nm for b-oriented Tm,Ho:YAlO3 crystal have been obtained, respectively. The two crystals show very similar performance in terms of output power and conversion efficiency, only that the b-cut Tm,Ho:YAP crystal demonstrates more regimes of multi-wavelength operations.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. G. Li, B. Yao, Z. Jiang, X. Duan, Z. Wang, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Compact diode end-pumped c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. 19(12), 2151–2154 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, and E. R. Brown, “Optical and terahertz power limits in the low-temperature-grown GaAs photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2743 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (5)

2009 (3)

G. Li, B. Yao, Z. Jiang, X. Duan, Z. Wang, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Compact diode end-pumped c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. 19(12), 2151–2154 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. W. Song, Y. Z. Wang, and Z. G. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation Tm,Ho:YAP laser pumped by a laser diode of 798nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(2), 102–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Dual diodes end-pumped Q-switch operation of a c-cut 2044-nm Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 367–369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

P. Cemy and D. Burns, “Modeling and experimental investigation of a diode-pumped Tm:YAlO3 laser with a- and b-cut crystal orientations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 674–681 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Bames, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, “Spectroscopy and modeling of solid state lanthanide lasers: application to trivalent Tm3+ and Ho3+ in YLiF4 and Lu LiF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(7), 3255–3271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Sato, K. Asai, and K. Mizutani, “Lasing characteristics and optimizations of diode-side-pumped Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 836–838 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, and E. R. Brown, “Optical and terahertz power limits in the low-temperature-grown GaAs photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2743 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, “Efficient 1.94-μm Tm:YAlO laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 78–81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1975 (1)

R. Diehl and G. Brandt, “Crystal structure refinement of YAlO3, a promising laser material,” Mater. Res. Bull. 10(2), 85–90 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

G. A. Massey, “Criterion for selection of cw laser host materials to increase available power in the fundamental mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17(5), 213–215 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Andringa, K.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Asai, K.

Bames, N. P.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Bames, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, “Spectroscopy and modeling of solid state lanthanide lasers: application to trivalent Tm3+ and Ho3+ in YLiF4 and Lu LiF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(7), 3255–3271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Biermann, K.

Bourdet, G. L.

Brandt, G.

R. Diehl and G. Brandt, “Crystal structure refinement of YAlO3, a promising laser material,” Mater. Res. Bull. 10(2), 85–90 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Bromberger, H.

Brown, E. R.

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, and E. R. Brown, “Optical and terahertz power limits in the low-temperature-grown GaAs photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2743 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Budni, P. A.

Burns, D.

P. Cemy and D. Burns, “Modeling and experimental investigation of a diode-pumped Tm:YAlO3 laser with a- and b-cut crystal orientations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 674–681 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Cemy, P.

P. Cemy and D. Burns, “Modeling and experimental investigation of a diode-pumped Tm:YAlO3 laser with a- and b-cut crystal orientations,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 674–681 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E. P.

Comperchio, E.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, T.

Diehl, R.

R. Diehl and G. Brandt, “Crystal structure refinement of YAlO3, a promising laser material,” Mater. Res. Bull. 10(2), 85–90 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Duan, X.

G. Li, B. Yao, Z. Jiang, X. Duan, Z. Wang, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Compact diode end-pumped c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. 19(12), 2151–2154 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Duan, X. M.

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Z. G. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation of a b-cut Tm,Ho:YAP laser with dual wavelengths pumped by a laser diode of 792nm,” Laser Phys. 20(1), 205–208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Elder, I. F.

I. F. Elder and M. J. P. Payne, “Lasing in diode-pumped Tm:YAP, Tm,Ho:YAP and Tm,Ho:YLF,” Opt. Commun. 145(1-6), 329–339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Esterowitz, L.

R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, “Efficient 1.94-μm Tm:YAlO laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 78–81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Grimm, C. V.-B.

Helm, M.

Huber, G.

Jiang, Z.

G. Li, B. Yao, Z. Jiang, X. Duan, Z. Wang, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Compact diode end-pumped c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. 19(12), 2151–2154 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y.

Z. Wang, B. Yao, G. Li, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Single longitudinal mode lasing of Tm,Ho:YAP microchip laser at 2000.4 nm,” Laser Phys. 20(2), 458–461 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Li, B. Yao, Z. Jiang, X. Duan, Z. Wang, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Compact diode end-pumped c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. 19(12), 2151–2154 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y. L.

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Dual diodes end-pumped Q-switch operation of a c-cut 2044-nm Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 367–369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Killinger, D. K.

Künzel, H.

Lemons, M. L.

Lescroart, G.

Li, G.

Z. Wang, B. Yao, G. Li, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Single longitudinal mode lasing of Tm,Ho:YAP microchip laser at 2000.4 nm,” Laser Phys. 20(2), 458–461 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Z. G. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation of a b-cut Tm,Ho:YAP laser with dual wavelengths pumped by a laser diode of 792nm,” Laser Phys. 20(1), 205–208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, Y. Tian, G. Li, and Y. Wang, “InGaAs/GaAs saturable absorber for diode-pumped passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Tm:YAP lasers,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13574–13579 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Li, B. Yao, Z. Jiang, X. Duan, Z. Wang, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Compact diode end-pumped c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. 19(12), 2151–2154 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Li, L. J.

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Z. G. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation of a b-cut Tm,Ho:YAP laser with dual wavelengths pumped by a laser diode of 792nm,” Laser Phys. 20(1), 205–208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Dual diodes end-pumped Q-switch operation of a c-cut 2044-nm Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 367–369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. W. Song, Y. Z. Wang, and Z. G. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation Tm,Ho:YAP laser pumped by a laser diode of 798nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(2), 102–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, L. J. Li, L. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped continuous wave and Q-switched operation of a c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO(3) laser,” Opt. Express 16(7), 5075–5081 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Massey, G. A.

G. A. Massey, “Criterion for selection of cw laser host materials to increase available power in the fundamental mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17(5), 213–215 (1970).
[CrossRef]

McIntosh, K. A.

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, and E. R. Brown, “Optical and terahertz power limits in the low-temperature-grown GaAs photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2743 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C. A.

Mitzscherlich, P.

Mizutani, K.

Monchamp, R. R.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Mosto, J. R.

Neuhaus, J.

Payne, M. J. P.

I. F. Elder and M. J. P. Payne, “Lasing in diode-pumped Tm:YAP, Tm,Ho:YAP and Tm,Ho:YLF,” Opt. Commun. 145(1-6), 329–339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Petros, M.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Bames, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, “Spectroscopy and modeling of solid state lanthanide lasers: application to trivalent Tm3+ and Ho3+ in YLiF4 and Lu LiF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(7), 3255–3271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pomeranz, L. A.

Ruf, H.

Sato, A.

Schäfer, H.

Singh, U. N.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Bames, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, “Spectroscopy and modeling of solid state lanthanide lasers: application to trivalent Tm3+ and Ho3+ in YLiF4 and Lu LiF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(7), 3255–3271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Song, C. W.

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. W. Song, Y. Z. Wang, and Z. G. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation Tm,Ho:YAP laser pumped by a laser diode of 798nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(2), 102–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stoneman, R. C.

R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, “Efficient 1.94-μm Tm:YAlO laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 78–81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Taczak, T. M.

Tian, Y.

Verghese, S.

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, and E. R. Brown, “Optical and terahertz power limits in the low-temperature-grown GaAs photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2743 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Bames, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, “Spectroscopy and modeling of solid state lanthanide lasers: application to trivalent Tm3+ and Ho3+ in YLiF4 and Lu LiF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(7), 3255–3271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Z. Wang, B. Yao, G. Li, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Single longitudinal mode lasing of Tm,Ho:YAP microchip laser at 2000.4 nm,” Laser Phys. 20(2), 458–461 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, Y. Tian, G. Li, and Y. Wang, “InGaAs/GaAs saturable absorber for diode-pumped passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Tm:YAP lasers,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13574–13579 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Li, B. Yao, Z. Jiang, X. Duan, Z. Wang, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Compact diode end-pumped c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. 19(12), 2151–2154 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. Z.

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Z. G. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation of a b-cut Tm,Ho:YAP laser with dual wavelengths pumped by a laser diode of 792nm,” Laser Phys. 20(1), 205–208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Dual diodes end-pumped Q-switch operation of a c-cut 2044-nm Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 367–369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. W. Song, Y. Z. Wang, and Z. G. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation Tm,Ho:YAP laser pumped by a laser diode of 798nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(2), 102–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, L. J. Li, L. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped continuous wave and Q-switched operation of a c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO(3) laser,” Opt. Express 16(7), 5075–5081 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, B. Yao, G. Li, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Single longitudinal mode lasing of Tm,Ho:YAP microchip laser at 2000.4 nm,” Laser Phys. 20(2), 458–461 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Li, B. Yao, Z. Jiang, X. Duan, Z. Wang, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Compact diode end-pumped c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. 19(12), 2151–2154 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. G.

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Z. G. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation of a b-cut Tm,Ho:YAP laser with dual wavelengths pumped by a laser diode of 792nm,” Laser Phys. 20(1), 205–208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. W. Song, Y. Z. Wang, and Z. G. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation Tm,Ho:YAP laser pumped by a laser diode of 798nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(2), 102–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Xie, W.

Xu, J.

Yang, K.

Yang, S. H.

Yao, B.

Z. Wang, B. Yao, G. Li, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Single longitudinal mode lasing of Tm,Ho:YAP microchip laser at 2000.4 nm,” Laser Phys. 20(2), 458–461 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Li, B. Yao, Z. Jiang, X. Duan, Z. Wang, Y. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Compact diode end-pumped c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. 19(12), 2151–2154 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, B. Q.

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Z. G. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation of a b-cut Tm,Ho:YAP laser with dual wavelengths pumped by a laser diode of 792nm,” Laser Phys. 20(1), 205–208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, Y. Tian, G. Li, and Y. Wang, “InGaAs/GaAs saturable absorber for diode-pumped passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Tm:YAP lasers,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13574–13579 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. W. Song, Y. Z. Wang, and Z. G. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation Tm,Ho:YAP laser pumped by a laser diode of 798nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(2), 102–104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Dual diodes end-pumped Q-switch operation of a c-cut 2044-nm Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 367–369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, L. J. Li, L. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped continuous wave and Q-switched operation of a c-cut Tm,Ho:YAlO(3) laser,” Opt. Express 16(7), 5075–5081 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, J.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Bames, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, “Spectroscopy and modeling of solid state lanthanide lasers: application to trivalent Tm3+ and Ho3+ in YLiF4 and Lu LiF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(7), 3255–3271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. Y.

Zhang, Y. J.

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Dual diodes end-pumped Q-switch operation of a c-cut 2044-nm Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 367–369 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C. M.

Zhao, G. J.

Zheng, L. L.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(10), 342–345 (1969).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Massey, “Criterion for selection of cw laser host materials to increase available power in the fundamental mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17(5), 213–215 (1970).
[CrossRef]

S. Verghese, K. A. McIntosh, and E. R. Brown, “Optical and terahertz power limits in the low-temperature-grown GaAs photomixers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2743 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, “Efficient 1.94-μm Tm:YAlO laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 78–81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Laser Phys. (3)

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, Z. G. Wang, X. M. Duan, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “Continuous wave and AO Q-switch operation of a b-cut Tm,Ho:YAP laser with dual wavelengths pumped by a laser diode of 792nm,” Laser Phys. 20(1), 205–208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of continuous wave operation Tm,Ho:YAP laser. OC: output coupler.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Polarized absorption spectrum of Tm(5 at. %),Ho(0.3 at. %):YAP crystals at room temperature.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependences of absorption coefficients and optical conversion efficiencies on different pump wavelengths for a- and b-cut Tm,Ho:YAP crystals under lasing situation with polarized pump light of E||c. upper inset: absorption coefficients; lower inset: optical conversion efficiencies.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The average output powers and optical conversion efficiencies versus the absorbed pump power under different output couplers in free running continuous wave operation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The output powers of a-cut Tm,Ho:YAP laser at different emission wavelengths.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output spectra for single and multi-wavelength operation in the a- and b-cut Tm,Ho:YAP crystals. In the lower right graph the curves are vertically off-set for clarity.

Equations (1)

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η s = η p ν L ν P T T + L ,

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