Abstract

A hybrid Raman-bismuth fiber amplifier pumped in co-propagation configuration by a single 1.22 µm semiconductor disk laser is presented. The unique attribute of this dual-gain system is that both amplifiers require the pump source with the same wavelength because pump-Stokes spectral shift in 1.3 µm Raman amplifier and pump-gain bandwidth separation in 1.3 µm bismuth fiber amplifier have the same value. Residual pump power at the output of Raman amplifier in this scheme is efficiently consumed by bismuth-doped fiber thus increasing the overall conversion efficiency. The small-signal gain of 18 dB at 1.3 W of pump power has been achieved for hybrid scheme which is by 9 dB higher as compared with isolated Raman amplifier without bismuth fiber. Low noise performance of pump semiconductor disk laser with RIN of −150 dB/Hz combined with nearly diffraction-limited beam quality and Watt-level output powers allows for efficient core-pumping of a single-mode fiber amplifier systems and opens up new opportunities for amplification in O-band spectral range.

© 2011 OSA

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2010 (3)

2009 (2)

J. Ji, C. A. Codemard, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and J. Nilsson, “Analysis of the conversion to the first Stokes in cladding-pumped fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 129–139 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel'kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur'yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300–1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, S. H. Kim, H. Chung, and S. B. Lee, “Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 43–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

J. Yoshida, N. Tsukiji, T. Kimura, M. Funabashi, and T. Fukushima, “Novel concepts in 14XX nm pump lasers for Raman amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4870, 149–162 (2002).

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 262–264 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. M. Dianov, D. G. Fursa, A. A. Abramov, M. I. Belovolov, M. M. Bubnov, A. V. Shipulin, A. M. Prokhorov, G. G. Devyatykh, A. N. Gur’yanov, and V. F. Khopin, “Raman fibre-optic amplifier of signals at the wavelength of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 24(9), 749–751 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, G. Hull-Allen, and C. Holton, “Low-noise single frequency linear fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 29(18), 1623–1625 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (2)

M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, and C. A. Millar, “Lasing at 2.08µm and 1.38µm in a holmium doped fluoro-zirconate fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(9), 539–540 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. Aoki, “Properties of fiber Raman amplifiers and their applicability to digital optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(7), 1225–1239 (1988), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4120&isnumber=229 .
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, “Raman gain in glass optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(6), 276–278 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Abramov, A. A.

E. M. Dianov, D. G. Fursa, A. A. Abramov, M. I. Belovolov, M. M. Bubnov, A. V. Shipulin, A. M. Prokhorov, G. G. Devyatykh, A. N. Gur’yanov, and V. F. Khopin, “Raman fibre-optic amplifier of signals at the wavelength of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 24(9), 749–751 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, A.

A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, A. K. Zamzuri, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain-clamped Raman fiber amplifier in a counter-lasing ring cavity using a pair of circulators,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(4), 721–724 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Alouini, M.

Aoki, Y.

Y. Aoki, “Properties of fiber Raman amplifiers and their applicability to digital optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6(7), 1225–1239 (1988), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=4120&isnumber=229 .
[CrossRef]

Baili, G.

Ball, G. A.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, G. Hull-Allen, and C. Holton, “Low-noise single frequency linear fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 29(18), 1623–1625 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Belovolov, M. I.

E. M. Dianov, D. G. Fursa, A. A. Abramov, M. I. Belovolov, M. M. Bubnov, A. V. Shipulin, A. M. Prokhorov, G. G. Devyatykh, A. N. Gur’yanov, and V. F. Khopin, “Raman fibre-optic amplifier of signals at the wavelength of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 24(9), 749–751 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bretenaker, F.

Brierley, M. C.

M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, and C. A. Millar, “Lasing at 2.08µm and 1.38µm in a holmium doped fluoro-zirconate fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(9), 539–540 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bromage, J.

Bubnov, M. M.

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Grekov, S. A. Vasiliev, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Three-cascaded 1407-nm Raman laser based on phosphorus-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 402–404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, D. G. Fursa, A. A. Abramov, M. I. Belovolov, M. M. Bubnov, A. V. Shipulin, A. M. Prokhorov, G. G. Devyatykh, A. N. Gur’yanov, and V. F. Khopin, “Raman fibre-optic amplifier of signals at the wavelength of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 24(9), 749–751 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

Bulatov, L. I.

Chamorovskiy, A.

Chang, Y. M.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, S. H. Kim, H. Chung, and S. B. Lee, “Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 43–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chung, H.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, S. H. Kim, H. Chung, and S. B. Lee, “Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 43–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Codemard, C. A.

J. Ji, C. A. Codemard, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and J. Nilsson, “Analysis of the conversion to the first Stokes in cladding-pumped fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 129–139 (2009).
[CrossRef]

DeMarco, J. J.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 262–264 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Devyatykh, G. G.

E. M. Dianov, D. G. Fursa, A. A. Abramov, M. I. Belovolov, M. M. Bubnov, A. V. Shipulin, A. M. Prokhorov, G. G. Devyatykh, A. N. Gur’yanov, and V. F. Khopin, “Raman fibre-optic amplifier of signals at the wavelength of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 24(9), 749–751 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel'kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur'yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300–1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-31-20-2966 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Grekov, S. A. Vasiliev, and O. I. Medvedkov, “Three-cascaded 1407-nm Raman laser based on phosphorus-doped silica fiber,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 402–404 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, D. G. Fursa, A. A. Abramov, M. I. Belovolov, M. M. Bubnov, A. V. Shipulin, A. M. Prokhorov, G. G. Devyatykh, A. N. Gur’yanov, and V. F. Khopin, “Raman fibre-optic amplifier of signals at the wavelength of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 24(9), 749–751 (1994).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 262–264 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Eskildsen, L.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 262–264 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Firstov, S. V.

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel'kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur'yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300–1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

France, P. W.

M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, and C. A. Millar, “Lasing at 2.08µm and 1.38µm in a holmium doped fluoro-zirconate fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(9), 539–540 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fukushima, T.

J. Yoshida, N. Tsukiji, T. Kimura, M. Funabashi, and T. Fukushima, “Novel concepts in 14XX nm pump lasers for Raman amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4870, 149–162 (2002).

Funabashi, M.

J. Yoshida, N. Tsukiji, T. Kimura, M. Funabashi, and T. Fukushima, “Novel concepts in 14XX nm pump lasers for Raman amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4870, 149–162 (2002).

Fursa, D. G.

E. M. Dianov, D. G. Fursa, A. A. Abramov, M. I. Belovolov, M. M. Bubnov, A. V. Shipulin, A. M. Prokhorov, G. G. Devyatykh, A. N. Gur’yanov, and V. F. Khopin, “Raman fibre-optic amplifier of signals at the wavelength of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 24(9), 749–751 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, R.

Goldfarb, F.

Gordon, J. P.

Grekov, M. V.

Grubb, S. G.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 262–264 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gur’yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, D. G. Fursa, A. A. Abramov, M. I. Belovolov, M. M. Bubnov, A. V. Shipulin, A. M. Prokhorov, G. G. Devyatykh, A. N. Gur’yanov, and V. F. Khopin, “Raman fibre-optic amplifier of signals at the wavelength of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 24(9), 749–751 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A. N.

Gur'yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel'kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur'yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300–1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.-G.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, S. H. Kim, H. Chung, and S. B. Lee, “Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 43–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, P. B.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 262–264 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Holton, C.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, G. Hull-Allen, and C. Holton, “Low-noise single frequency linear fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 29(18), 1623–1625 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hull-Allen, G.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, G. Hull-Allen, and C. Holton, “Low-noise single frequency linear fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 29(18), 1623–1625 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

J. Ji, C. A. Codemard, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and J. Nilsson, “Analysis of the conversion to the first Stokes in cladding-pumped fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 129–139 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, “Raman gain in glass optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(6), 276–278 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Ji, J.

J. Ji, C. A. Codemard, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and J. Nilsson, “Analysis of the conversion to the first Stokes in cladding-pumped fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 129–139 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 262–264 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

Kapon, E.

Khopin, V. F.

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel'kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur'yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300–1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, L. I. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. F. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. F. Khopin, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Bismuth-doped-glass optical fibers--a new active medium for lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 31(20), 2966–2968 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-31-20-2966 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, D. G. Fursa, A. A. Abramov, M. I. Belovolov, M. M. Bubnov, A. V. Shipulin, A. M. Prokhorov, G. G. Devyatykh, A. N. Gur’yanov, and V. F. Khopin, “Raman fibre-optic amplifier of signals at the wavelength of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 24(9), 749–751 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, S. H. Kim, H. Chung, and S. B. Lee, “Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 43–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

J. Yoshida, N. Tsukiji, T. Kimura, M. Funabashi, and T. Fukushima, “Novel concepts in 14XX nm pump lasers for Raman amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4870, 149–162 (2002).

Kitagawa, T.

Kustov, E. F.

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, S. H. Kim, H. Chung, and S. B. Lee, “Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 43–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, S. H. Kim, H. Chung, and S. B. Lee, “Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 43–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lyytikäinen, J.

Mahdi, M. A.

A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, A. K. Zamzuri, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain-clamped Raman fiber amplifier in a counter-lasing ring cavity using a pair of circulators,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(4), 721–724 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

Md Ali, M. I.

A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, A. K. Zamzuri, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain-clamped Raman fiber amplifier in a counter-lasing ring cavity using a pair of circulators,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(4), 721–724 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melkumov, M. A.

Mel'kumov, M. A.

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel'kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur'yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300–1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mereuta, A.

Millar, C. A.

M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, and C. A. Millar, “Lasing at 2.08µm and 1.38µm in a holmium doped fluoro-zirconate fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(9), 539–540 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Miranda, B.-X.

Mohamad, R.

A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, A. K. Zamzuri, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain-clamped Raman fiber amplifier in a counter-lasing ring cavity using a pair of circulators,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(4), 721–724 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Morey, W. W.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, G. Hull-Allen, and C. Holton, “Low-noise single frequency linear fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 29(18), 1623–1625 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Morvan, L.

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nilsson, J.

J. Ji, C. A. Codemard, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and J. Nilsson, “Analysis of the conversion to the first Stokes in cladding-pumped fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 129–139 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Pal, V.

Pedrazzani, R.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 262–264 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

E. M. Dianov, D. G. Fursa, A. A. Abramov, M. I. Belovolov, M. M. Bubnov, A. V. Shipulin, A. M. Prokhorov, G. G. Devyatykh, A. N. Gur’yanov, and V. F. Khopin, “Raman fibre-optic amplifier of signals at the wavelength of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 24(9), 749–751 (1994).
[CrossRef]

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J. Ji, C. A. Codemard, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and J. Nilsson, “Analysis of the conversion to the first Stokes in cladding-pumped fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 129–139 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shipulin, A. V.

E. M. Dianov, D. G. Fursa, A. A. Abramov, M. I. Belovolov, M. M. Bubnov, A. V. Shipulin, A. M. Prokhorov, G. G. Devyatykh, A. N. Gur’yanov, and V. F. Khopin, “Raman fibre-optic amplifier of signals at the wavelength of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 24(9), 749–751 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shubin, A. V.

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Snitzer, E.

Stentz, A. J.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 262–264 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

Strasser, T. A.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 262–264 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Tavast, M.

Tomlinson, W. J.

Trofimoff, P.

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J. Yoshida, N. Tsukiji, T. Kimura, M. Funabashi, and T. Fukushima, “Novel concepts in 14XX nm pump lasers for Raman amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4870, 149–162 (2002).

Umnikov, A. A.

Vasiliev, S. A.

Yashkov, M. V.

Yoshida, J.

J. Yoshida, N. Tsukiji, T. Kimura, M. Funabashi, and T. Fukushima, “Novel concepts in 14XX nm pump lasers for Raman amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4870, 149–162 (2002).

Zamzuri, A. K.

A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, A. K. Zamzuri, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain-clamped Raman fiber amplifier in a counter-lasing ring cavity using a pair of circulators,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(4), 721–724 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. H. Stolen and E. P. Ippen, “Raman gain in glass optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(6), 276–278 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. C. Brierley, P. W. France, and C. A. Millar, “Lasing at 2.08µm and 1.38µm in a holmium doped fluoro-zirconate fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(9), 539–540 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, G. Hull-Allen, and C. Holton, “Low-noise single frequency linear fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 29(18), 1623–1625 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Ji, C. A. Codemard, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, and J. Nilsson, “Analysis of the conversion to the first Stokes in cladding-pumped fiber Raman amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 129–139 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, S. H. Kim, H. Chung, and S. B. Lee, “Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(1), 43–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(2), 262–264 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, A. K. Zamzuri, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Gain-clamped Raman fiber amplifier in a counter-lasing ring cavity using a pair of circulators,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48(4), 721–724 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Yoshida, N. Tsukiji, T. Kimura, M. Funabashi, and T. Fukushima, “Novel concepts in 14XX nm pump lasers for Raman amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE 4870, 149–162 (2002).

Quantum Electron. (2)

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Mel'kumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Gur'yanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300–1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, D. G. Fursa, A. A. Abramov, M. I. Belovolov, M. M. Bubnov, A. V. Shipulin, A. M. Prokhorov, G. G. Devyatykh, A. N. Gur’yanov, and V. F. Khopin, “Raman fibre-optic amplifier of signals at the wavelength of 1.3 μm,” Quantum Electron. 24(9), 749–751 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (11)

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Oclaro pump laser module datasheet (Olcaro, Inc., 2010), http://www.oclaro.com/product_pages/LC96U_.html .

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H. Masuda, “Review of wideband hybrid amplifiers,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2000 (2000), Vol. 1, pp. 2–4.

B. Pal, ed., Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (InTech, 2010).

O. G. Okhotnikov, ed., Semiconductor Disk Lasers, Physics and Technology (Wiley-VCH, 2010)

R. Hui and M. O’Sullivan, Fiber Optic Measurement Techniques (Elsevier, 2009).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 3rd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2002).

M. N. Islam, Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications 1: Physical Principles (Springer-Verlag, 2003).

K. Golant, A. Bazakutsa, O. Butov, Yu. Chamorovskij, A. Lanin, and S. Nikitov, “Bismuth-activated silica-core fibres fabricated by SPCVD,” resented at the 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Torino, Italy, 19–23 Sept. 2010.

E. Desurvire, Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers (John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2002)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

RIN spectrum of a 1.22 µm pump laser at the output power of 800 mW.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Hybrid fiber amplifier setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical spectrum taken from amplifier output and (b) amplifier gain versus 1.22 μm SDL pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

RIN characteristics of Raman amplifier and signal source.

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