Abstract

We propose and realize a novel packaged microsphere-taper coupling structure (PMTCS) with a high quality factor (Q) up to 5 × 106 by using the low refractive index (RI) ultraviolet (UV) glue as the coating material. The optical loss of the PMTCS is analyzed experimentally and theoretically, which indicate that the Q is limited by the glue absorption and the radiation loss. Moreover, to verify the practicability of the PMTCS, thermal sensing experiments are carried out, showing the excellent convenience and anti-jamming ability of the PMTCS with a high temperature resolution of 1.1 × 10−3°C. The experiments also demonstrate that the PMTCS holds predominant advantages, such as the robustness, mobility, isolation, and the PMTCS can maintain the high Q for a long time. The above advantages make the PMTCS strikingly attractive and potential in the fiber-integrated sensors and laser.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Xu, V. Pruneri, V. Finazzi, and G. Brambilla, “An embedded optical nanowire loop resonator refractometric sensor,” Opt. Express 16, 1062–1067 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Xu and G. Brambilla, “Demonstration of a refractometric sensor based on optical microfiber coil resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101126 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2010 (4)

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Fron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 457–482 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jung, G. S. Murugan, G. Brambilla, and D. J. Richardson, “Embedded optical microfiber coil resonator with enhanced high-Q,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1638–1640 (2010).

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Dong, F.-W. Sun, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(ethyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

C.-H. Dong, L. He, Y.-F. Xiao, V. R. Gaddam, S. K. Ozdemir, Z.-F. Han, G.-C. Guo, and L. Yang, “Fabrication of high-Q polydimethylsiloxane optical microspheres for thermal sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X.-W. Wu, C.-L. Zou, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z.-F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Modal coupling strength in a fibre taper coupled silica microsphere,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 085401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, Y.-J. Rao, Y.-H. Chen, and Y. Gong, “Miniature fiber-optic temperature sensors based on silica/polymer microfiber knot resonators,” Opt. Express 17, 18142–18147 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

I. M. White and X. Fan, “On the performance quantification of resonant refractive index sensors,” Opt. Express 16, 1020–1028 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Xu, V. Pruneri, V. Finazzi, and G. Brambilla, “An embedded optical nanowire loop resonator refractometric sensor,” Opt. Express 16, 1062–1067 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sun and X. Fan, “Analysis of ring resonators for chemical vapor sensor development,” Opt. Express 16, 10254–10268 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Vollmer and S. Arnold, “Whispering-gallery-mode biosensing: label-free detection down to single molecules,” Nat. Methods 5, 591–596 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Xu and G. Brambilla, “Demonstration of a refractometric sensor based on optical microfiber coil resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Ma, T. Rossmann, and Z. Guo, “Temperature sensitivity of silica micro-resonators,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 245111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

Y.-F. Xiao, X.-B. Zou, W. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, and G.-C. Guo, “Analog to multiple electromagnetically induced transparency in all-optical drop-filter systems,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sumetsky, R. S. Windeler, Y. Dulashko, and X. Fan, “Optical liquid ring resonator sensor,” Opt. Express 15, 14376–14381 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

M. Hossein-Zadeh and K. J. Vahala, “Fiber-taper coupling to Whispering-Gallery modes of fluidic resonators embedded in a liquid medium,” Opt. Express 14, 10800–10810 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, “Sagnac Effect in Coupled-Resonator Slow-Light Waveguide Structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Matsko and V. S. Ilchenko, “Optical Resonators With Whispering-Gallery Modes-Part I: Basics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 3–14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

N. M. Hanumegowda, C. J. Stica, B. C. Patel, I. White, and X. Fan, “Refractometric sensors based on microsphere resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, “Ultra-high-Q microcavity operation in H2O and D2O,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424, 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of Critical Coupling in a Fiber Taper to a Silica-Microsphere Whispering-Gallery Mode System,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Gorodetsky, A. D. Pryamikov, and V. S. Ilchenko, “Rayleigh scattering in high- Q microspheres,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1051–1057 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

Armani, A. M.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, “Ultra-high-Q microcavity operation in H2O and D2O,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Armani, D. K.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, “Ultra-high-Q microcavity operation in H2O and D2O,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, S.

F. Vollmer and S. Arnold, “Whispering-gallery-mode biosensing: label-free detection down to single molecules,” Nat. Methods 5, 591–596 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

Brambilla, G.

Y. Jung, G. S. Murugan, G. Brambilla, and D. J. Richardson, “Embedded optical microfiber coil resonator with enhanced high-Q,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1638–1640 (2010).

F. Xu and G. Brambilla, “Demonstration of a refractometric sensor based on optical microfiber coil resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Xu, V. Pruneri, V. Finazzi, and G. Brambilla, “An embedded optical nanowire loop resonator refractometric sensor,” Opt. Express 16, 1062–1067 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, M.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of Critical Coupling in a Fiber Taper to a Silica-Microsphere Whispering-Gallery Mode System,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-H.

Chen, Y.-L.

Y.-F. Xiao, X.-B. Zou, W. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, and G.-C. Guo, “Analog to multiple electromagnetically induced transparency in all-optical drop-filter systems,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, G.

Chiasera, A.

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Fron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 457–482 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cui, J. M.

X.-W. Wu, C.-L. Zou, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z.-F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Modal coupling strength in a fibre taper coupled silica microsphere,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 085401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C.-H.

C.-H. Dong, F.-W. Sun, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(ethyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Dong, L. He, Y.-F. Xiao, V. R. Gaddam, S. K. Ozdemir, Z.-F. Han, G.-C. Guo, and L. Yang, “Fabrication of high-Q polydimethylsiloxane optical microspheres for thermal sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dulashko, Y.

Dumeige, Y.

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Fron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 457–482 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

Ferrari, M.

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Fron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 457–482 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Finazzi, V.

Fron, P.

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Fron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 457–482 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gaddam, V. R.

C.-H. Dong, L. He, Y.-F. Xiao, V. R. Gaddam, S. K. Ozdemir, Z.-F. Han, G.-C. Guo, and L. Yang, “Fabrication of high-Q polydimethylsiloxane optical microspheres for thermal sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Q.

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Y.

Gorodetsky, M. L.

Guo, G. C.

X.-W. Wu, C.-L. Zou, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z.-F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Modal coupling strength in a fibre taper coupled silica microsphere,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 085401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G.-C.

C.-H. Dong, F.-W. Sun, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(ethyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Dong, L. He, Y.-F. Xiao, V. R. Gaddam, S. K. Ozdemir, Z.-F. Han, G.-C. Guo, and L. Yang, “Fabrication of high-Q polydimethylsiloxane optical microspheres for thermal sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y.-F. Xiao, X.-B. Zou, W. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, and G.-C. Guo, “Analog to multiple electromagnetically induced transparency in all-optical drop-filter systems,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Z.

Q. Ma, T. Rossmann, and Z. Guo, “Temperature sensitivity of silica micro-resonators,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 245111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Han, Z.-F.

C.-H. Dong, F.-W. Sun, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(ethyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Dong, L. He, Y.-F. Xiao, V. R. Gaddam, S. K. Ozdemir, Z.-F. Han, G.-C. Guo, and L. Yang, “Fabrication of high-Q polydimethylsiloxane optical microspheres for thermal sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X.-W. Wu, C.-L. Zou, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z.-F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Modal coupling strength in a fibre taper coupled silica microsphere,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 085401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hanumegowda, N. M.

N. M. Hanumegowda, C. J. Stica, B. C. Patel, I. White, and X. Fan, “Refractometric sensors based on microsphere resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

He, L.

C.-H. Dong, L. He, Y.-F. Xiao, V. R. Gaddam, S. K. Ozdemir, Z.-F. Han, G.-C. Guo, and L. Yang, “Fabrication of high-Q polydimethylsiloxane optical microspheres for thermal sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hossein-Zadeh, M.

Ilchenko, V. S.

Jacques, F.

Jestin, Y.

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Fron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 457–482 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W.

Y.-F. Xiao, X.-B. Zou, W. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, and G.-C. Guo, “Analog to multiple electromagnetically induced transparency in all-optical drop-filter systems,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.-F.

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y.

Y. Jung, G. S. Murugan, G. Brambilla, and D. J. Richardson, “Embedded optical microfiber coil resonator with enhanced high-Q,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1638–1640 (2010).

Kimble, H. J.

Knight, J. C.

Li, B.-B.

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Q.

Q. Ma, T. Rossmann, and Z. Guo, “Temperature sensitivity of silica micro-resonators,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 245111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mabuchi, H.

Matsko, A. B.

A. B. Matsko and V. S. Ilchenko, “Optical Resonators With Whispering-Gallery Modes-Part I: Basics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 3–14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Min, B.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, “Ultra-high-Q microcavity operation in H2O and D2O,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Murugan, G. S.

Y. Jung, G. S. Murugan, G. Brambilla, and D. J. Richardson, “Embedded optical microfiber coil resonator with enhanced high-Q,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1638–1640 (2010).

Nunzi Conti, G.

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Fron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 457–482 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ozdemir, S. K.

C.-H. Dong, L. He, Y.-F. Xiao, V. R. Gaddam, S. K. Ozdemir, Z.-F. Han, G.-C. Guo, and L. Yang, “Fabrication of high-Q polydimethylsiloxane optical microspheres for thermal sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of Critical Coupling in a Fiber Taper to a Silica-Microsphere Whispering-Gallery Mode System,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patel, B. C.

N. M. Hanumegowda, C. J. Stica, B. C. Patel, I. White, and X. Fan, “Refractometric sensors based on microsphere resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pelli, S.

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Fron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 457–482 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pruneri, V.

Pryamikov, A. D.

Rao, Y.-J.

Ren, X.-F.

C.-H. Dong, F.-W. Sun, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(ethyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Y. Jung, G. S. Murugan, G. Brambilla, and D. J. Richardson, “Embedded optical microfiber coil resonator with enhanced high-Q,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1638–1640 (2010).

Righini, G. C.

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Fron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 457–482 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rossmann, T.

Q. Ma, T. Rossmann, and Z. Guo, “Temperature sensitivity of silica micro-resonators,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 245111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Savchenkov, A. A.

Scheuer, J.

J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, “Sagnac Effect in Coupled-Resonator Slow-Light Waveguide Structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soria, S.

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Fron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 457–482 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spillane, S. M.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, “Ultra-high-Q microcavity operation in H2O and D2O,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stica, C. J.

N. M. Hanumegowda, C. J. Stica, B. C. Patel, I. White, and X. Fan, “Refractometric sensors based on microsphere resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Streed, E. W.

Sumetsky, M.

Sun, F.-W.

C.-H. Dong, F.-W. Sun, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(ethyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

Vahala, K. J.

M. Hossein-Zadeh and K. J. Vahala, “Fiber-taper coupling to Whispering-Gallery modes of fluidic resonators embedded in a liquid medium,” Opt. Express 14, 10800–10810 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, “Ultra-high-Q microcavity operation in H2O and D2O,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424, 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of Critical Coupling in a Fiber Taper to a Silica-Microsphere Whispering-Gallery Mode System,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vernooy, D. W.

Vollmer, F.

F. Vollmer and S. Arnold, “Whispering-gallery-mode biosensing: label-free detection down to single molecules,” Nat. Methods 5, 591–596 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.-Y.

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

White, I.

N. M. Hanumegowda, C. J. Stica, B. C. Patel, I. White, and X. Fan, “Refractometric sensors based on microsphere resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

White, I. M.

Windeler, R. S.

Wu, X.-W.

X.-W. Wu, C.-L. Zou, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z.-F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Modal coupling strength in a fibre taper coupled silica microsphere,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 085401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

Xiao, L.

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, Y.-F.

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Dong, L. He, Y.-F. Xiao, V. R. Gaddam, S. K. Ozdemir, Z.-F. Han, G.-C. Guo, and L. Yang, “Fabrication of high-Q polydimethylsiloxane optical microspheres for thermal sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y.-F. Xiao, X.-B. Zou, W. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, and G.-C. Guo, “Analog to multiple electromagnetically induced transparency in all-optical drop-filter systems,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F.

F. Xu and G. Brambilla, “Demonstration of a refractometric sensor based on optical microfiber coil resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Xu, V. Pruneri, V. Finazzi, and G. Brambilla, “An embedded optical nanowire loop resonator refractometric sensor,” Opt. Express 16, 1062–1067 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, L.

C.-H. Dong, L. He, Y.-F. Xiao, V. R. Gaddam, S. K. Ozdemir, Z.-F. Han, G.-C. Guo, and L. Yang, “Fabrication of high-Q polydimethylsiloxane optical microspheres for thermal sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

X.-W. Wu, C.-L. Zou, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z.-F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Modal coupling strength in a fibre taper coupled silica microsphere,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 085401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, “Sagnac Effect in Coupled-Resonator Slow-Light Waveguide Structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zou, C.-L.

C.-H. Dong, F.-W. Sun, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(ethyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X.-W. Wu, C.-L. Zou, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z.-F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Modal coupling strength in a fibre taper coupled silica microsphere,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 085401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zou, X.-B.

Y.-F. Xiao, X.-B. Zou, W. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, and G.-C. Guo, “Analog to multiple electromagnetically induced transparency in all-optical drop-filter systems,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

F. Xu and G. Brambilla, “Demonstration of a refractometric sensor based on optical microfiber coil resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101126 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Hanumegowda, C. J. Stica, B. C. Patel, I. White, and X. Fan, “Refractometric sensors based on microsphere resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B.-B. Li, Q.-Y. Wang, Y.-F. Xiao, X.-F. Jiang, Y. Li, L. Xiao, and Q. Gong, “On chip, high-sensitivity thermal sensor based on high-Q polydimethylsiloxane-coated microresonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 251109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Dong, L. He, Y.-F. Xiao, V. R. Gaddam, S. K. Ozdemir, Z.-F. Han, G.-C. Guo, and L. Yang, “Fabrication of high-Q polydimethylsiloxane optical microspheres for thermal sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 231119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, “Ultra-high-Q microcavity operation in H2O and D2O,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Dong, F.-W. Sun, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, G.-C. Guo, and Z.-F. Han, “High-Q silica microsphere by poly(ethyl methacrylate) coating and modifying,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 061106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. B. Matsko and V. S. Ilchenko, “Optical Resonators With Whispering-Gallery Modes-Part I: Basics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 3–14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Jung, G. S. Murugan, G. Brambilla, and D. J. Richardson, “Embedded optical microfiber coil resonator with enhanced high-Q,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1638–1640 (2010).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

X.-W. Wu, C.-L. Zou, J. M. Cui, Y. Yang, Z.-F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Modal coupling strength in a fibre taper coupled silica microsphere,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 085401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

Q. Ma, T. Rossmann, and Z. Guo, “Temperature sensitivity of silica micro-resonators,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 245111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

A. Chiasera, Y. Dumeige, P. Fron, M. Ferrari, Y. Jestin, G. Nunzi Conti, S. Pelli, S. Soria, and G. C. Righini, “Spherical whispering-gallery-mode microresonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 457–482 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Methods (1)

F. Vollmer and S. Arnold, “Whispering-gallery-mode biosensing: label-free detection down to single molecules,” Nat. Methods 5, 591–596 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424, 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Y.-F. Xiao, X.-B. Zou, W. Jiang, Y.-L. Chen, and G.-C. Guo, “Analog to multiple electromagnetically induced transparency in all-optical drop-filter systems,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, “Sagnac Effect in Coupled-Resonator Slow-Light Waveguide Structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of Critical Coupling in a Fiber Taper to a Silica-Microsphere Whispering-Gallery Mode System,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a)–(d) Illustration of the packaging process. (e) A micrograph of a typical PMTCS structure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) and (b) are contrast resonant spectra for a microsphere (D = 421μm) before and after the packaging, respectively. (c) Tested and fitted Q versus microsphere D.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Tested Q versus elapsed time of a microsphere coupling system in the air and in the smoke, for un-packaged (in black) and packaged (in red) samples, respectively. (b) WGM wavelength shifts as a function of the surrounding temperature, in NaCl resolution and in pure water, respectively.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Q tot 1 = Q abs 1 + Q sca 1 + Q rad 1 ,

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