Abstract

The real parts of third-order nonlinear susceptibility components of CS2 are determined by polarized lights Z-Scan technique at 800 nm, and imaginary part is verified to be negligible. The contributions to susceptibility components from electron and nuclear are separated. These susceptibility values can be used as the reference values for third-order nonlinear susceptibility measurements by degenerate four-wave-mixing, optical Kerr gate/optical Kerr effect, optical heterodyne detection of optical Kerr effect, the ellipse rotation and so on.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

X. Q. Yan, Z. B. Liu, X. L. Zhang, W. Y. Zhou, and J. G. Tian, “Polarization dependence of Z-scan measurement: theory and experiment,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6397–6406 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Liu, C. Gao, H. Zhou, B. Lu, X. He, Q. Shixiong, and X. Zhao, “Ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of 0.56GeS2-0.24Ga2S3-0.2KX(X=Cl, Br, I) chalcohalide glasses by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 26–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, Y. Mao, and W. H. Watson, “Ultra fast third-order non-linear response of amino-triazole donor-acceptor derivatives by optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5239–5243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Chu, F. M. Li, H. Z. Tao, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, C. G. Lin, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, “SbS3 enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities of Ge-S chalcogenide glasses at 820 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 193–195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Gu, W. Ji, and X. Q. Huang, “Analytical expression for femtosecond-pulsed Z scans on instantaneous nonlinearity,” Appl. Opt. 47(9), 1187–1192 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

Z. B. Liu, Y. L. Liu, B. Zhang, W. Y. Zhou, J. G. Tian, W. P. Zang, and C. P. Zhang, “Nonlinear absorption and optical limiting properties of carbon disulfide in a short-wavelength region,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(5), 1101–1104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. B. Cai, J. R. Gao, X. N. Li, and B. Xiang, “Synthesis and characterization of symmetrical benzodifuranone compounds with femtosecond time-resolved degenerate four-wave mixing technique,” Opt. Commun. 272(2), 503–508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Li, Z. H. Chen, S. Xu, L. H. Niu, Z. Zhang, F. S. Zhang, and K. Kasatani, “Off-resonant third-order optical nonlinearities of novel diarylethene–phthalocyanine dyads,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(1-3), 110–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

G. Heng-Qun and W. Qi-Ming, “Nonlinear Optical Response of nc-Si-SiO2 Films Studied with Femtosecond Four-Wave Mixing Technique,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(11), 2989–2992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Liu, B. Lu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Ultrafast non-linear optical properties of Ge20As25Se55 chalcogenide films,” Opt. Commun. 258(1), 72–77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiĭ, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical characteristics of carbon disulfide,” Opt. Spectrosc. 100(1), 108–118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film,” Solid State Commun. 134(8), 513–517 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Gnoli, L. Razzari, and M. Righini, “Z-scan measurements using high repetition rate lasers: how to manage thermal effects,” Opt. Express 13(20), 7976–7981 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. L. Yang, X. Q. Wang, Q. Ren, G. H. Zhang, X. B. Sun, L. Feng, S. F. Wang, and Z. W. Wang, “Study on the third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis(tetrabutylammonium)bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione- 4,5-dithiolato)cadium,” Opt. Commun. 256(4-6), 256–260 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Burgin, C. Guillon, and P. Langot, “Femtosecond investigation of the non-instantaneous third-order nonlinear suceptibility in liquids and glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(21), 211916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2,” Opt. Commun. 231(1-6), 431–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Wang, C. L. Liu, H. Xiang, Z. Li, Q. H. Gong, Y. J. Qin, Z. X. Guo, and D. B. Zhu, “Ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response of two soluble multi-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(7), 1079–1082 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

S. F. Wang, W. T. Huang, H. Yang, Q. H. Gong, Z. J. Shi, X. H. Zhou, D. Qiang, and Z. N. Gu, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of single-wall carbon nanotubes at 820 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 320(5-6), 411–414 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Langot, S. Montant, and E. Freysz, “Measurement of non-instantaneous contribution to the χ(3) in different liquids using femtosecond chirped pulses,” Opt. Commun. 176(4-6), 459–472 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Falconieri and G. Salvetti, “Simultaneous measurement of pure-optical and thermo-optical nonlinearities induced by high-repetition-rate, femtosecond laser pulses: application to CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 69(2), 133–136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

M. Lefkir, X. N. Phu, and G. Rivoire, “Existence of a bistable polarization state in a Kerr medium in the presence of two-photon absorption,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 10(1), 283–292 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO(2) composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23(5), 388–390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Y. Sato, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, “Study on ultrafast dynamic behaviors of different nonlinear refractive index components in CS2 using a femtosecond interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(Part 1, No. 4A), 2109–2115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

T. D. Krauss and F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in CdS, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(14), 1739 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

C. Kalpouzos, W. T. Lotshaw, D. McMorrow, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, “Femtosecond laser-induced Kerr responses in liquid carbon disulfide,” J. Phys. Chem. 91(8), 2028–2030 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

K. Fujiwara and K. Fuwa, “Liquid Core Optical Fiber Total Reflection Cell as a Colorimetric Detector for Flow Injection Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 57(6), 1012–1016 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

I. J. Bigio and J. F. Ward, “Measurement of the hyperpolarizability ratio X_{y y y y}(-2ω;0,ω,ω)/X_{y y x x}(-2ω;0,ω,ω) for the inert gases,” Phys. Rev. A 9(1), 35–39 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Baba, M.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2,” Opt. Commun. 231(1-6), 431–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bigio, I. J.

I. J. Bigio and J. F. Ward, “Measurement of the hyperpolarizability ratio X_{y y y y}(-2ω;0,ω,ω)/X_{y y x x}(-2ω;0,ω,ω) for the inert gases,” Phys. Rev. A 9(1), 35–39 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Burgin, J.

J. Burgin, C. Guillon, and P. Langot, “Femtosecond investigation of the non-instantaneous third-order nonlinear suceptibility in liquids and glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(21), 211916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Z. B.

Z. B. Cai, J. R. Gao, X. N. Li, and B. Xiang, “Synthesis and characterization of symmetrical benzodifuranone compounds with femtosecond time-resolved degenerate four-wave mixing technique,” Opt. Commun. 272(2), 503–508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chaux, R.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. H.

Z. Y. Li, Z. H. Chen, S. Xu, L. H. Niu, Z. Zhang, F. S. Zhang, and K. Kasatani, “Off-resonant third-order optical nonlinearities of novel diarylethene–phthalocyanine dyads,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(1-3), 110–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. S.

S. S. Chu, F. M. Li, H. Z. Tao, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, C. G. Lin, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, “SbS3 enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities of Ge-S chalcogenide glasses at 820 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 193–195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Couris, S.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Falconieri, M.

M. Falconieri and G. Salvetti, “Simultaneous measurement of pure-optical and thermo-optical nonlinearities induced by high-repetition-rate, femtosecond laser pulses: application to CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 69(2), 133–136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Faucher, O.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Feng, L.

H. L. Yang, X. Q. Wang, Q. Ren, G. H. Zhang, X. B. Sun, L. Feng, S. F. Wang, and Z. W. Wang, “Study on the third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis(tetrabutylammonium)bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione- 4,5-dithiolato)cadium,” Opt. Commun. 256(4-6), 256–260 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Freysz, E.

P. Langot, S. Montant, and E. Freysz, “Measurement of non-instantaneous contribution to the χ(3) in different liquids using femtosecond chirped pulses,” Opt. Commun. 176(4-6), 459–472 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fu, J. S.

Fujiwara, K.

K. Fujiwara and K. Fuwa, “Liquid Core Optical Fiber Total Reflection Cell as a Colorimetric Detector for Flow Injection Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 57(6), 1012–1016 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Fuwa, K.

K. Fujiwara and K. Fuwa, “Liquid Core Optical Fiber Total Reflection Cell as a Colorimetric Detector for Flow Injection Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 57(6), 1012–1016 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gan, F. X.

Q. M. Liu, B. Lu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Ultrafast non-linear optical properties of Ge20As25Se55 chalcogenide films,” Opt. Commun. 258(1), 72–77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film,” Solid State Commun. 134(8), 513–517 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiĭ, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical characteristics of carbon disulfide,” Opt. Spectrosc. 100(1), 108–118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2,” Opt. Commun. 231(1-6), 431–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gao, C.

Q. Liu, C. Gao, H. Zhou, B. Lu, X. He, Q. Shixiong, and X. Zhao, “Ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of 0.56GeS2-0.24Ga2S3-0.2KX(X=Cl, Br, I) chalcohalide glasses by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 26–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J. R.

Z. B. Cai, J. R. Gao, X. N. Li, and B. Xiang, “Synthesis and characterization of symmetrical benzodifuranone compounds with femtosecond time-resolved degenerate four-wave mixing technique,” Opt. Commun. 272(2), 503–508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gnoli, A.

Gong, Q. H.

S. S. Chu, F. M. Li, H. Z. Tao, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, C. G. Lin, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, “SbS3 enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities of Ge-S chalcogenide glasses at 820 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 193–195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Wang, C. L. Liu, H. Xiang, Z. Li, Q. H. Gong, Y. J. Qin, Z. X. Guo, and D. B. Zhu, “Ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response of two soluble multi-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(7), 1079–1082 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, W. T. Huang, H. Yang, Q. H. Gong, Z. J. Shi, X. H. Zhou, D. Qiang, and Z. N. Gu, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of single-wall carbon nanotubes at 820 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 320(5-6), 411–414 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gu, B.

Gu, Z. N.

S. F. Wang, W. T. Huang, H. Yang, Q. H. Gong, Z. J. Shi, X. H. Zhou, D. Qiang, and Z. N. Gu, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of single-wall carbon nanotubes at 820 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 320(5-6), 411–414 (2000).
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M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
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Q. Liu, C. Gao, H. Zhou, B. Lu, X. He, Q. Shixiong, and X. Zhao, “Ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of 0.56GeS2-0.24Ga2S3-0.2KX(X=Cl, Br, I) chalcohalide glasses by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 26–29 (2009).
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G. Heng-Qun and W. Qi-Ming, “Nonlinear Optical Response of nc-Si-SiO2 Films Studied with Femtosecond Four-Wave Mixing Technique,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(11), 2989–2992 (2006).
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S. F. Wang, W. T. Huang, H. Yang, Q. H. Gong, Z. J. Shi, X. H. Zhou, D. Qiang, and Z. N. Gu, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of single-wall carbon nanotubes at 820 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 320(5-6), 411–414 (2000).
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Ishizawa, N.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2,” Opt. Commun. 231(1-6), 431–436 (2004).
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C. Kalpouzos, W. T. Lotshaw, D. McMorrow, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, “Femtosecond laser-induced Kerr responses in liquid carbon disulfide,” J. Phys. Chem. 91(8), 2028–2030 (1987).
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R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiĭ, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical characteristics of carbon disulfide,” Opt. Spectrosc. 100(1), 108–118 (2006).
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R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2,” Opt. Commun. 231(1-6), 431–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
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J. Burgin, C. Guillon, and P. Langot, “Femtosecond investigation of the non-instantaneous third-order nonlinear suceptibility in liquids and glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(21), 211916 (2005).
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P. Langot, S. Montant, and E. Freysz, “Measurement of non-instantaneous contribution to the χ(3) in different liquids using femtosecond chirped pulses,” Opt. Commun. 176(4-6), 459–472 (2000).
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S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
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M. Lefkir, X. N. Phu, and G. Rivoire, “Existence of a bistable polarization state in a Kerr medium in the presence of two-photon absorption,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 10(1), 283–292 (1998).
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Li, D.

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, F. M.

S. S. Chu, F. M. Li, H. Z. Tao, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, C. G. Lin, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, “SbS3 enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities of Ge-S chalcogenide glasses at 820 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 193–195 (2008).
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Li, X. N.

Z. B. Cai, J. R. Gao, X. N. Li, and B. Xiang, “Synthesis and characterization of symmetrical benzodifuranone compounds with femtosecond time-resolved degenerate four-wave mixing technique,” Opt. Commun. 272(2), 503–508 (2007).
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Li, Z.

Z. W. Wang, C. L. Liu, H. Xiang, Z. Li, Q. H. Gong, Y. J. Qin, Z. X. Guo, and D. B. Zhu, “Ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response of two soluble multi-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(7), 1079–1082 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Li, Z. H. Chen, S. Xu, L. H. Niu, Z. Zhang, F. S. Zhang, and K. Kasatani, “Off-resonant third-order optical nonlinearities of novel diarylethene–phthalocyanine dyads,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(1-3), 110–114 (2007).
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Liao, H. B.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO(2) composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23(5), 388–390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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S. S. Chu, F. M. Li, H. Z. Tao, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, C. G. Lin, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, “SbS3 enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities of Ge-S chalcogenide glasses at 820 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 193–195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C. L.

Z. W. Wang, C. L. Liu, H. Xiang, Z. Li, Q. H. Gong, Y. J. Qin, Z. X. Guo, and D. B. Zhu, “Ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response of two soluble multi-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(7), 1079–1082 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Q. Liu, C. Gao, H. Zhou, B. Lu, X. He, Q. Shixiong, and X. Zhao, “Ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of 0.56GeS2-0.24Ga2S3-0.2KX(X=Cl, Br, I) chalcohalide glasses by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 26–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q. M.

Q. M. Liu, B. Lu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Ultrafast non-linear optical properties of Ge20As25Se55 chalcogenide films,” Opt. Commun. 258(1), 72–77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film,” Solid State Commun. 134(8), 513–517 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. L.

Liu, Z. B.

Lotshaw, W. T.

C. Kalpouzos, W. T. Lotshaw, D. McMorrow, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, “Femtosecond laser-induced Kerr responses in liquid carbon disulfide,” J. Phys. Chem. 91(8), 2028–2030 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lu, B.

Q. Liu, C. Gao, H. Zhou, B. Lu, X. He, Q. Shixiong, and X. Zhao, “Ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of 0.56GeS2-0.24Ga2S3-0.2KX(X=Cl, Br, I) chalcohalide glasses by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 26–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Liu, B. Lu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Ultrafast non-linear optical properties of Ge20As25Se55 chalcogenide films,” Opt. Commun. 258(1), 72–77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mao, Y.

L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, Y. Mao, and W. H. Watson, “Ultra fast third-order non-linear response of amino-triazole donor-acceptor derivatives by optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5239–5243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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C. Kalpouzos, W. T. Lotshaw, D. McMorrow, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, “Femtosecond laser-induced Kerr responses in liquid carbon disulfide,” J. Phys. Chem. 91(8), 2028–2030 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mi, J.

Q. M. Liu, B. Lu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Ultrafast non-linear optical properties of Ge20As25Se55 chalcogenide films,” Opt. Commun. 258(1), 72–77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film,” Solid State Commun. 134(8), 513–517 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Michaut, X.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Minoshima, K.

Montant, S.

P. Langot, S. Montant, and E. Freysz, “Measurement of non-instantaneous contribution to the χ(3) in different liquids using femtosecond chirped pulses,” Opt. Commun. 176(4-6), 459–472 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morita, R.

Y. Sato, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, “Study on ultrafast dynamic behaviors of different nonlinear refractive index components in CS2 using a femtosecond interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(Part 1, No. 4A), 2109–2115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Niu, L. H.

Z. Y. Li, Z. H. Chen, S. Xu, L. H. Niu, Z. Zhang, F. S. Zhang, and K. Kasatani, “Off-resonant third-order optical nonlinearities of novel diarylethene–phthalocyanine dyads,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(1-3), 110–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phu, X. N.

M. Lefkir, X. N. Phu, and G. Rivoire, “Existence of a bistable polarization state in a Kerr medium in the presence of two-photon absorption,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 10(1), 283–292 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Qian, S. X.

Q. M. Liu, B. Lu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Ultrafast non-linear optical properties of Ge20As25Se55 chalcogenide films,” Opt. Commun. 258(1), 72–77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film,” Solid State Commun. 134(8), 513–517 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qiang, D.

S. F. Wang, W. T. Huang, H. Yang, Q. H. Gong, Z. J. Shi, X. H. Zhou, D. Qiang, and Z. N. Gu, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of single-wall carbon nanotubes at 820 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 320(5-6), 411–414 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Qi-Ming, W.

G. Heng-Qun and W. Qi-Ming, “Nonlinear Optical Response of nc-Si-SiO2 Films Studied with Femtosecond Four-Wave Mixing Technique,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(11), 2989–2992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qin, Y. J.

Z. W. Wang, C. L. Liu, H. Xiang, Z. Li, Q. H. Gong, Y. J. Qin, Z. X. Guo, and D. B. Zhu, “Ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response of two soluble multi-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(7), 1079–1082 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rangel-Rojo, R.

L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, Y. Mao, and W. H. Watson, “Ultra fast third-order non-linear response of amino-triazole donor-acceptor derivatives by optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5239–5243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

Razzari, L.

Ren, Q.

H. L. Yang, X. Q. Wang, Q. Ren, G. H. Zhang, X. B. Sun, L. Feng, S. F. Wang, and Z. W. Wang, “Study on the third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis(tetrabutylammonium)bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione- 4,5-dithiolato)cadium,” Opt. Commun. 256(4-6), 256–260 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Renard, M.

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Righini, M.

Rivoire, G.

M. Lefkir, X. N. Phu, and G. Rivoire, “Existence of a bistable polarization state in a Kerr medium in the presence of two-photon absorption,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 10(1), 283–292 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ryasnyanskii, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiĭ, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical characteristics of carbon disulfide,” Opt. Spectrosc. 100(1), 108–118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ryasnyansky, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2,” Opt. Commun. 231(1-6), 431–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
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R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2,” Opt. Commun. 231(1-6), 431–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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M. Falconieri and G. Salvetti, “Simultaneous measurement of pure-optical and thermo-optical nonlinearities induced by high-repetition-rate, femtosecond laser pulses: application to CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 69(2), 133–136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

Y. Sato, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, “Study on ultrafast dynamic behaviors of different nonlinear refractive index components in CS2 using a femtosecond interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(Part 1, No. 4A), 2109–2115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J. L.

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shi, S.

Shi, Z. J.

S. F. Wang, W. T. Huang, H. Yang, Q. H. Gong, Z. J. Shi, X. H. Zhou, D. Qiang, and Z. N. Gu, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of single-wall carbon nanotubes at 820 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 320(5-6), 411–414 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shixiong, Q.

Q. Liu, C. Gao, H. Zhou, B. Lu, X. He, Q. Shixiong, and X. Zhao, “Ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of 0.56GeS2-0.24Ga2S3-0.2KX(X=Cl, Br, I) chalcohalide glasses by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 26–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. B.

H. L. Yang, X. Q. Wang, Q. Ren, G. H. Zhang, X. B. Sun, L. Feng, S. F. Wang, and Z. W. Wang, “Study on the third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis(tetrabutylammonium)bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione- 4,5-dithiolato)cadium,” Opt. Commun. 256(4-6), 256–260 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2,” Opt. Commun. 231(1-6), 431–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taiji, M.

Tamayo-Rivera, L.

L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, Y. Mao, and W. H. Watson, “Ultra fast third-order non-linear response of amino-triazole donor-acceptor derivatives by optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5239–5243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tao, H. Z.

S. S. Chu, F. M. Li, H. Z. Tao, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, C. G. Lin, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, “SbS3 enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities of Ge-S chalcogenide glasses at 820 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 193–195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tian, J. G.

Turu, M.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2,” Opt. Commun. 231(1-6), 431–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO(2) composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23(5), 388–390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. F.

S. S. Chu, F. M. Li, H. Z. Tao, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, C. G. Lin, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, “SbS3 enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities of Ge-S chalcogenide glasses at 820 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 193–195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. L. Yang, X. Q. Wang, Q. Ren, G. H. Zhang, X. B. Sun, L. Feng, S. F. Wang, and Z. W. Wang, “Study on the third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis(tetrabutylammonium)bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione- 4,5-dithiolato)cadium,” Opt. Commun. 256(4-6), 256–260 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, W. T. Huang, H. Yang, Q. H. Gong, Z. J. Shi, X. H. Zhou, D. Qiang, and Z. N. Gu, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of single-wall carbon nanotubes at 820 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 320(5-6), 411–414 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. Q.

H. L. Yang, X. Q. Wang, Q. Ren, G. H. Zhang, X. B. Sun, L. Feng, S. F. Wang, and Z. W. Wang, “Study on the third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis(tetrabutylammonium)bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione- 4,5-dithiolato)cadium,” Opt. Commun. 256(4-6), 256–260 (2005).
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Wang, Z. W.

H. L. Yang, X. Q. Wang, Q. Ren, G. H. Zhang, X. B. Sun, L. Feng, S. F. Wang, and Z. W. Wang, “Study on the third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis(tetrabutylammonium)bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione- 4,5-dithiolato)cadium,” Opt. Commun. 256(4-6), 256–260 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Wang, C. L. Liu, H. Xiang, Z. Li, Q. H. Gong, Y. J. Qin, Z. X. Guo, and D. B. Zhu, “Ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response of two soluble multi-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(7), 1079–1082 (2004).
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I. J. Bigio and J. F. Ward, “Measurement of the hyperpolarizability ratio X_{y y y y}(-2ω;0,ω,ω)/X_{y y x x}(-2ω;0,ω,ω) for the inert gases,” Phys. Rev. A 9(1), 35–39 (1974).
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Watson, W. H.

L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, Y. Mao, and W. H. Watson, “Ultra fast third-order non-linear response of amino-triazole donor-acceptor derivatives by optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5239–5243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

T. D. Krauss, J. K. Ranka, F. W. Wise, and A. L. Gaeta, “Measurements of the tensor properties of third-order nonlinearities in wide-gap semiconductors,” Opt. Lett. 20(10), 1110–1112 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Krauss and F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in CdS, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(14), 1739 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wong, G. K. L.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO(2) composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23(5), 388–390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. S.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO(2) composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23(5), 388–390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, B.

Z. B. Cai, J. R. Gao, X. N. Li, and B. Xiang, “Synthesis and characterization of symmetrical benzodifuranone compounds with femtosecond time-resolved degenerate four-wave mixing technique,” Opt. Commun. 272(2), 503–508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, H.

Z. W. Wang, C. L. Liu, H. Xiang, Z. Li, Q. H. Gong, Y. J. Qin, Z. X. Guo, and D. B. Zhu, “Ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response of two soluble multi-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(7), 1079–1082 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, R. F.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO(2) composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23(5), 388–390 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

Z. Y. Li, Z. H. Chen, S. Xu, L. H. Niu, Z. Zhang, F. S. Zhang, and K. Kasatani, “Off-resonant third-order optical nonlinearities of novel diarylethene–phthalocyanine dyads,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(1-3), 110–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, M.

Y. Sato, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, “Study on ultrafast dynamic behaviors of different nonlinear refractive index components in CS2 using a femtosecond interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(Part 1, No. 4A), 2109–2115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yan, X. Q.

Yang, H.

S. S. Chu, F. M. Li, H. Z. Tao, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, C. G. Lin, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, “SbS3 enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities of Ge-S chalcogenide glasses at 820 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 193–195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, W. T. Huang, H. Yang, Q. H. Gong, Z. J. Shi, X. H. Zhou, D. Qiang, and Z. N. Gu, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of single-wall carbon nanotubes at 820 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 320(5-6), 411–414 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H. L.

H. L. Yang, X. Q. Wang, Q. Ren, G. H. Zhang, X. B. Sun, L. Feng, S. F. Wang, and Z. W. Wang, “Study on the third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis(tetrabutylammonium)bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione- 4,5-dithiolato)cadium,” Opt. Commun. 256(4-6), 256–260 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

You, G. J.

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zang, W. P.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, C. P.

Zhang, F. S.

Z. Y. Li, Z. H. Chen, S. Xu, L. H. Niu, Z. Zhang, F. S. Zhang, and K. Kasatani, “Off-resonant third-order optical nonlinearities of novel diarylethene–phthalocyanine dyads,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(1-3), 110–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G. H.

H. L. Yang, X. Q. Wang, Q. Ren, G. H. Zhang, X. B. Sun, L. Feng, S. F. Wang, and Z. W. Wang, “Study on the third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis(tetrabutylammonium)bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione- 4,5-dithiolato)cadium,” Opt. Commun. 256(4-6), 256–260 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. L.

Zhang, Z.

Z. Y. Li, Z. H. Chen, S. Xu, L. H. Niu, Z. Zhang, F. S. Zhang, and K. Kasatani, “Off-resonant third-order optical nonlinearities of novel diarylethene–phthalocyanine dyads,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(1-3), 110–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

Q. Liu, C. Gao, H. Zhou, B. Lu, X. He, Q. Shixiong, and X. Zhao, “Ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of 0.56GeS2-0.24Ga2S3-0.2KX(X=Cl, Br, I) chalcohalide glasses by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 26–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X. J.

S. S. Chu, F. M. Li, H. Z. Tao, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, C. G. Lin, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, “SbS3 enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities of Ge-S chalcogenide glasses at 820 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 193–195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Liu, B. Lu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Ultrafast non-linear optical properties of Ge20As25Se55 chalcogenide films,” Opt. Commun. 258(1), 72–77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film,” Solid State Commun. 134(8), 513–517 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, H.

Q. Liu, C. Gao, H. Zhou, B. Lu, X. He, Q. Shixiong, and X. Zhao, “Ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of 0.56GeS2-0.24Ga2S3-0.2KX(X=Cl, Br, I) chalcohalide glasses by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 26–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, W. Y.

Zhou, X. H.

S. F. Wang, W. T. Huang, H. Yang, Q. H. Gong, Z. J. Shi, X. H. Zhou, D. Qiang, and Z. N. Gu, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of single-wall carbon nanotubes at 820 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 320(5-6), 411–414 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, D. B.

Z. W. Wang, C. L. Liu, H. Xiang, Z. Li, Q. H. Gong, Y. J. Qin, Z. X. Guo, and D. B. Zhu, “Ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response of two soluble multi-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(7), 1079–1082 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, R. Y.

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

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[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

M. Falconieri and G. Salvetti, “Simultaneous measurement of pure-optical and thermo-optical nonlinearities induced by high-repetition-rate, femtosecond laser pulses: application to CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 69(2), 133–136 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76(4), 435–439 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J. Burgin, C. Guillon, and P. Langot, “Femtosecond investigation of the non-instantaneous third-order nonlinear suceptibility in liquids and glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(21), 211916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Krauss and F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in CdS, ZnSe, and ZnS,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(14), 1739 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (3)

Z. Y. Li, Z. H. Chen, S. Xu, L. H. Niu, Z. Zhang, F. S. Zhang, and K. Kasatani, “Off-resonant third-order optical nonlinearities of novel diarylethene–phthalocyanine dyads,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 447(1-3), 110–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, “An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 369(3-4), 318–324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Wang, W. T. Huang, H. Yang, Q. H. Gong, Z. J. Shi, X. H. Zhou, D. Qiang, and Z. N. Gu, “Large and ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of single-wall carbon nanotubes at 820 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 320(5-6), 411–414 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Heng-Qun and W. Qi-Ming, “Nonlinear Optical Response of nc-Si-SiO2 Films Studied with Femtosecond Four-Wave Mixing Technique,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 23(11), 2989–2992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

C. Kalpouzos, W. T. Lotshaw, D. McMorrow, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, “Femtosecond laser-induced Kerr responses in liquid carbon disulfide,” J. Phys. Chem. 91(8), 2028–2030 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

Z. W. Wang, C. L. Liu, H. Xiang, Z. Li, Q. H. Gong, Y. J. Qin, Z. X. Guo, and D. B. Zhu, “Ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response of two soluble multi-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 37(7), 1079–1082 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Sato, R. Morita, and M. Yamashita, “Study on ultrafast dynamic behaviors of different nonlinear refractive index components in CS2 using a femtosecond interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(Part 1, No. 4A), 2109–2115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (6)

Z. B. Cai, J. R. Gao, X. N. Li, and B. Xiang, “Synthesis and characterization of symmetrical benzodifuranone compounds with femtosecond time-resolved degenerate four-wave mixing technique,” Opt. Commun. 272(2), 503–508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2,” Opt. Commun. 231(1-6), 431–436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Langot, S. Montant, and E. Freysz, “Measurement of non-instantaneous contribution to the χ(3) in different liquids using femtosecond chirped pulses,” Opt. Commun. 176(4-6), 459–472 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. L. Yang, X. Q. Wang, Q. Ren, G. H. Zhang, X. B. Sun, L. Feng, S. F. Wang, and Z. W. Wang, “Study on the third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis(tetrabutylammonium)bis(1,3-dithiole-2-thione- 4,5-dithiolato)cadium,” Opt. Commun. 256(4-6), 256–260 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, Y. Mao, and W. H. Watson, “Ultra fast third-order non-linear response of amino-triazole donor-acceptor derivatives by optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5239–5243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. M. Liu, B. Lu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Ultrafast non-linear optical properties of Ge20As25Se55 chalcogenide films,” Opt. Commun. 258(1), 72–77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (2)

Q. Liu, C. Gao, H. Zhou, B. Lu, X. He, Q. Shixiong, and X. Zhao, “Ultrafast third-order optical non-linearity of 0.56GeS2-0.24Ga2S3-0.2KX(X=Cl, Br, I) chalcohalide glasses by femtosecond optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Mater. 32(1), 26–29 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Chu, F. M. Li, H. Z. Tao, H. Yang, S. F. Wang, C. G. Lin, X. J. Zhao, and Q. H. Gong, “SbS3 enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities of Ge-S chalcogenide glasses at 820 nm,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 193–195 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiĭ, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear optical characteristics of carbon disulfide,” Opt. Spectrosc. 100(1), 108–118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

I. J. Bigio and J. F. Ward, “Measurement of the hyperpolarizability ratio X_{y y y y}(-2ω;0,ω,ω)/X_{y y x x}(-2ω;0,ω,ω) for the inert gases,” Phys. Rev. A 9(1), 35–39 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. (1)

M. Lefkir, X. N. Phu, and G. Rivoire, “Existence of a bistable polarization state in a Kerr medium in the presence of two-photon absorption,” Quantum Semiclassic. Opt. 10(1), 283–292 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

Q. M. Liu, X. J. Zhao, F. X. Gan, J. Mi, and S. X. Qian, “Femtosecond optical Kerr effect study of Ge10As40S30Se20 film,” Solid State Commun. 134(8), 513–517 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker Inc, New York, 1996) Chapter 7.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, San Diego, 2003) Chapter 1.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of polarized lights Z-scan measurement. CA: with an aperture before detector 2; OA: with lens 2 before detector 2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) CA Z-scan traces of different polarized lights and theoretical fitting curves at 55 GW/cm2. (b) The dependence of n2 on I 0 and polarization state.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

OA Z-scan experimental data of different polarized lights.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Referenced Value of CS2 Used in Literature

Tables Icon

Table 2 Values of Third-order Nonlinear Susceptibility Tensor Elements From Constant Fittings in Fig. 2(b)

Tables Icon

Table 3 Contribution of Nonresonant Electron and Fast Non-instantaneous Nuclear to Real Part of Susceptibility Tensor Elements

Metrics