Abstract

Bidirectional surface wave splitters excited by a cylindrical wire in the microwave frequency have been proposed and fabricated. Compared to the bidirectional subwavelength-slit splitter, the novelty of the proposed structure is the coupling mechanism from the cylindrical wire to the surface gratings. By designing the grating structures with different depths and the feeding wire, electromagnetic waves at the designed frequencies will be confined and guided in the predetermined opposite directions. The finite integral time-domain method is used to model the splitters. Experimental results are presented in the microwave frequencies to verify the new structure, which have very good agreements to the simulated results. Based on the same coupling mechanism, a bidirectional surface wave splitter excited by a cylindrical wire in the terahertz (THz) frequencies is further been proposed and modeled. The simulation results demonstrate the validity of the THz splitter.

© 2011 OSA

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2008

H. Caglayan and E. Ozbay, “Surface wave splitter based on metallic gratings with sub-wavelength aperture,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19091–19096 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Fu, Q. Gan, K. Gao, Z. Pan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Numerical Investigation of a Bidirectional Wave Coupler Based on Plasmonic Bragg Gratings in the Near Infrared Domain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(22), 3699–3703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Shen, X. Chen, Y. Zhong, and K. Agarwal, “Effect of absorption on terahertz surface plasmon polaritons propagating along periodically corrugated metal wires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(25), 256803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Fu, Q. Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “From waveguiding to spatial localization of THz waves within a plasmonic metallic grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 486–490 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, B. Guo, G. Song, L. Chen, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Plasmonic Surface-Wave Splitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(16), 161130 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Agrawal and A. Nahata, “Coupling terahertz radiation onto a metal wire using a subwavelength coaxial aperture,” Opt. Express 15(14), 9022–9028 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Bidirectional subwavelength slit splitter for THz surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 15(26), 18050–18055 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2005

T.-I. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz Sommerfeld wave propagation on a single metal wire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Hibbins, B. R. Evans, and J. R. Sambles, “Experimental verification of designer surface plasmons,” Science 308(5722), 670–672 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao and A. Nahata, “Coupling of terahertz pulses onto a single metal wire waveguide using milled grooves,” Opt. Express 13(18), 7028–7034 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. Haring Bolívar, and H. Kurz, “Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range,” Phys. Rev. B 69(15), 155427 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, “Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding,” Nature 432(7015), 376–379 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao and A. Nahata, “Resonantly enhanced transmission of terahertz radiation through a periodic array of subwavelength apertures,” Opt. Express 12(6), 1004–1010 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission properties of thin, subwavelength metallic hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 896–898 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec and T. Thio, “Diffracted evanescent wave model for enhanced and suppressed optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3629–3651 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

1952

E. M. T. Jones, “An Annular Corrugated-Surface Antenna,” Proceedings of the IRE 40(6), 721–725 (1952).
[CrossRef]

1950

G. Goubau, “Surface Waves and Their Application to Transmission Lines,” J. Appl. Phys. 21(11), 1119 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, K.

L. Shen, X. Chen, Y. Zhong, and K. Agarwal, “Effect of absorption on terahertz surface plasmon polaritons propagating along periodically corrugated metal wires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, A.

Andrews, S. R.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartoli, F. J.

Q. Gan and F. J. Bartoli, “Bidirectional surface wave splitter at visible frequencies,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4181–4183 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Fu, Q. Gan, K. Gao, Z. Pan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Numerical Investigation of a Bidirectional Wave Coupler Based on Plasmonic Bragg Gratings in the Near Infrared Domain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(22), 3699–3703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(25), 256803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Fu, Q. Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “From waveguiding to spatial localization of THz waves within a plasmonic metallic grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 486–490 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, B. Guo, G. Song, L. Chen, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Plasmonic Surface-Wave Splitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(16), 161130 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Bidirectional subwavelength slit splitter for THz surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 15(26), 18050–18055 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Caglayan, H.

Cao, H.

Chai, L.

Chen, L.

Q. Gan, B. Guo, G. Song, L. Chen, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Plasmonic Surface-Wave Splitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(16), 161130 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

L. Shen, X. Chen, Y. Zhong, and K. Agarwal, “Effect of absorption on terahertz surface plasmon polaritons propagating along periodically corrugated metal wires,” Phys. Rev. B 77(7), 075408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Degiron, A.

Deibel, J. A.

Dereux, A.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. J.

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(25), 256803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Fu, Q. Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “From waveguiding to spatial localization of THz waves within a plasmonic metallic grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 486–490 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Bidirectional subwavelength slit splitter for THz surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 15(26), 18050–18055 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Gan, B. Guo, G. Song, L. Chen, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Plasmonic Surface-Wave Splitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(16), 161130 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Escarra, M. D.

Evans, B. R.

A. P. Hibbins, B. R. Evans, and J. R. Sambles, “Experimental verification of designer surface plasmons,” Science 308(5722), 670–672 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, Z.

Z. Fu, Q. Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “From waveguiding to spatial localization of THz waves within a plasmonic metallic grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 486–490 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Fu, Q. Gan, K. Gao, Z. Pan, and F. J. Bartoli, “Numerical Investigation of a Bidirectional Wave Coupler Based on Plasmonic Bragg Gratings in the Near Infrared Domain,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(22), 3699–3703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrawide-bandwidth slow-light system based on THz plasmonic graded metallic grating structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(25), 256803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Gan, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Bidirectional subwavelength slit splitter for THz surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 15(26), 18050–18055 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Gan, B. Guo, G. Song, L. Chen, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Plasmonic Surface-Wave Splitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(16), 161130 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gan, Q.

Gan, Q. Q.

Z. Fu, Q. Q. Gan, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “From waveguiding to spatial localization of THz waves within a plasmonic metallic grating,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 486–490 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gao, K.

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

García-Vidal, F. J.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genet, C.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gómez Rivas, J.

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. Haring Bolívar, and H. Kurz, “Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range,” Phys. Rev. B 69(15), 155427 (2004).
[CrossRef]

González, M. U.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Goubau, G.

G. Goubau, “Surface Waves and Their Application to Transmission Lines,” J. Appl. Phys. 21(11), 1119 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

Guo, B.

Q. Gan, B. Guo, G. Song, L. Chen, Z. Fu, Y. J. Ding, and F. J. Bartoli, “Plasmonic Surface-Wave Splitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(16), 161130 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L.

Haring Bolívar, P.

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. Haring Bolívar, and H. Kurz, “Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range,” Phys. Rev. B 69(15), 155427 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hibbins, A. P.

A. P. Hibbins, B. R. Evans, and J. R. Sambles, “Experimental verification of designer surface plasmons,” Science 308(5722), 670–672 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, M.

Janke, C.

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. Haring Bolívar, and H. Kurz, “Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range,” Phys. Rev. B 69(15), 155427 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, T.-I.

T.-I. Jeon, J. Zhang, and D. Grischkowsky, “THz Sommerfeld wave propagation on a single metal wire,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jones, E. M. T.

E. M. T. Jones, “An Annular Corrugated-Surface Antenna,” Proceedings of the IRE 40(6), 721–725 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Justice, B. J.

Krenn, J. R.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

J. Saxler, J. Gómez Rivas, C. Janke, H. P. M. Pellemans, P. Haring Bolívar, and H. Kurz, “Time-domain measurements of surface plasmon polaritons in the terahertz frequency range,” Phys. Rev. B 69(15), 155427 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

Li, Y.

López-Tejeira, F.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin-Moreno, L.

J. B. Pendry, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martín-Moreno, L.

F. López-Tejeira, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martín-Moreno, F. J. García-Vidal, E. Devaux, T. W. Ebbesen, J. R. Krenn, I. P. Radko, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. U. González, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 324–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Nature

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
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H. Zhan, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “Superfocusing terahertz waves below λ/250 using plasmonic parallel-plate waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9643–9650 (2010).
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Y. Chen, Z. Song, Y. Li, M. Hu, Q. Xing, Z. Zhang, L. Chai, and C.-Y. Wang, “Effective surface plasmon polaritons on the metal wire with arrays of subwavelength grooves,” Opt. Express 14(26), 13021–13029 (2006).
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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