Abstract

We present a novel digital holographic microscopy technique termed transflective digital holographic microscopy in order to probe plasmonic beaming fields and to view their platform structures. Here, we borrow the term, ‘transflective’, a portmanteau meaning a blend of transmission and reflection according to the light-collecting condition, which is conventionally used in liquid crystal display systems. Incorporating the transmission type holographic microscopy with the reflection type, achieved by the utilization of polarization property of coherent light waves, we propose an application of the system to probing the beam path and its corresponding structure in plasmonic beaming phenomena.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Vanligten and H. Osterberg, “Holographic microscopy,” Nature 211(5046), 282–283 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  2. U. Schnars and W. Juptner, “Direct recording of holograms by a CCD target and numerical reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 33(2), 179–181 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Cuche, F. Bevilacqua, and C. Depeursinge, “Digital holography for quantitative phase-contrast imaging,” Opt. Lett. 24(5), 291–293 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Simultaneous amplitude-contrast and quantitative phase-contrast microscopy by numerical reconstruction of Fresnel off-axis holograms,” Appl. Opt. 38(34), 6994–7001 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. Yamaguchi, J. Kato, S. Ohta, and J. Mizuno, “Image formation in phase-shifting digital holography and applications to microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 40(34), 6177–6186 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Zhang, I. Yamaguchi, and L. P. Yaroslavsky, “Algorithm for reconstruction of digital holograms with adjustable magnification,” Opt. Lett. 29(14), 1668–1670 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Xu, X. Peng, Z. Guo, J. Miao, and A. Asundi, “Imaging analysis of digital holography,” Opt. Express 13(7), 2444–2452 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Zhang, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, “Reconstruction algorithm for high-numerical-aperture holograms with diffraction-limited resolution,” Opt. Lett. 31(11), 1633–1635 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. Marquet, B. Rappaz, P. J. Magistretti, E. Cuche, Y. Emery, T. Colomb, and C. Depeursinge, “Digital holographic microscopy: a noninvasive contrast imaging technique allowing quantitative visualization of living cells with subwavelength axial accuracy,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 468–470 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Garcia-Sucerquia, W. Xu, S. K. Jericho, P. Klages, M. H. Jericho, and H. J. Kreuzer, “Digital in-line holographic microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 45(5), 836–850 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Kuhn, T. Colomb, F. Montfort, F. Charriere, Y. Emery, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Real-time dual-wavelength digital holographic microscopy with a single hologram acquisition,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7231–7242 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Antkowiak, N. Callens, C. Yourassowsky, and F. Dubois, “Extended focused imaging of a microparticle field with digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 33(14), 1626–1628 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Hahn, Y. Lim, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Micro-optical fields generated by a spatial light modulator,” J. Holography and Speckle 5(2), 141–148 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Colomb, N. Pavillon, J. Kuhn, E. Cuche, C. Depeursinge, and Y. Emery, “Extended depth-of-focus by digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1840–1842 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. G. Coppola, G. Di Caprio, M. Gioffre, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, S. Grilli, A. Finizio, and P. Ferraro, “Digital self-referencing quantitative phase microscopy by wavefront folding in holographic image reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3390–3392 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. B. Lee, J. Hahn, and Y. Lim, “Digital holography and interferometry for micro- and nano-photonics,” Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging: OSA Optics and Photonics Congress - Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (DH), Miami, Florida, USA, paper DTuD1, Apr. 2010.
  17. G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. H. Wahba and T. Kreis, “Characterization of graded index optical fibers by digital holographic interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 48(8), 1573–1582 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. N. Warnasooriya, F. Joud, P. Bun, G. Tessier, M. Coppey-Moisan, P. Desbiolles, M. Atlan, M. Abboud, and M. Gross, “Imaging gold nanoparticles in living cell environments using heterodyne digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3264–3273 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. W. M. Ash and M. K. Kim, “Digital holography of total internal reflection,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9811–9820 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Optical measurement of cell membrane tension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(21), 218101 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. T. Colomb, P. Dahlgren, D. Beghuin, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Polarization imaging by use of digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 41(1), 27–37 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. Yokota, Y. Terui, and I. Yamaguchi, “Analysis of polarization state by digital holography with polarization modulation,” Opt. Rev. 13(6), 405–409 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Colomb, F. Durr, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, and C. Depeursinge, “Polarization microscopy by use of digital holography: application to optical-fiber birefringence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(21), 4461–4469 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. T. Nomura, B. Javidi, S. Murata, E. Nitanai, and T. Numata, “Polarization imaging of a 3D object by use of on-axis phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 481–483 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. M. Paturzo, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, A. Finizio, P. Ferraro, A. Tulino, and B. Javidi, “Numerical multiplexing and demultiplexing of digital holographic information for remote reconstruction in amplitude and phase,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2629–2631 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 051113 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  30. S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013103 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  31. S. Kim, Y. Lim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Bundle Beaming From Multiple Subwavelength Slits Surrounded by Dielectric Surface Gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(14), 2023–2029 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  32. B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(2), 47–87 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  33. Y. Lim, J. Hahn, S. Kim, J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Plasmonic light beaming manipulation and its detection using holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 300–305 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  34. R. Zia and M. L. Brongersma, “Surface plasmon polariton analogue to Young’s double-slit experiment,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(7), 426–429 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  35. L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  36. X. Y. Zhu, Z. B. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 15–29 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  37. Y.-C. Lin and C.-J. Cheng, “Determining the refractive index profile of micro-optical elements using transflective digital hologgraphic microscopy,” J. Opt. 12(11), 115402 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  38. Y. Lim, C.-Y. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Digital holographic microscopy for concurrent activation of reflection- and transmission-mode,” International Workshop on Holographic Memories and Display Digests, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 83–84, Nov. 2010.
  39. T. Zhang and I. Yamaguchi, “Three-dimensional microscopy with phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 23(15), 1221–1223 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  40. E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Spatial filtering for zero-order and twin-image elimination in digital off-axis holography,” Appl. Opt. 39(23), 4070–4075 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  41. N. Pavillon, C. S. Seelamantula, J. Kuhn, M. Unser, and C. Depeursinge, “Suppression of the zero-order term in off-axis digital holography through nonlinear filtering,” Appl. Opt. 48(34), H186–H195 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. J. Hahn, H. Kim, S. W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Phase-shifting interferometry with genetic algorithm-based twin image noise elimination,” Appl. Opt. 47(22), 4068–4076 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. J. Hahn, H. Kim, Y. Lim, E. Kim, and B. Lee, “Spatial phase-shifting interferometry with compensation of geometric errors based on genetic algorithm,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 7(12), 1113–1116 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  44. D. Choi, Y. Lim, S. Roh, I.-M. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing with a metal slit array arranged along a semicircular surface and its optimization with a genetic algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49(7), A30–A35 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  45. H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Extended scattering-matrix method for efficient full parallel implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24(8), 2313–2327 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  46. H. Kim and B. Lee, “Pseudo-Fourier modal analysis of two-dimensional arbitrarily shaped grating structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25(1), 40–54 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  47. C. Liu, Z. Liu, F. Bo, Y. Wang, and J. Zhu, “Super-resolution digital holographic imaging method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3143 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  48. V. Mico, Z. Zalevsky, C. Ferreira, and J. García, “Superresolution digital holographic microscopy for three-dimensional samples,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19260–19270 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  49. M. Paturzo, F. Merola, S. Grilli, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, and P. Ferraro, “Super-resolution in digital holography by a two-dimensional dynamic phase grating,” Opt. Express 16(21), 17107–17118 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (8)

T. Colomb, N. Pavillon, J. Kuhn, E. Cuche, C. Depeursinge, and Y. Emery, “Extended depth-of-focus by digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1840–1842 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Coppola, G. Di Caprio, M. Gioffre, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, S. Grilli, A. Finizio, and P. Ferraro, “Digital self-referencing quantitative phase microscopy by wavefront folding in holographic image reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3390–3392 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Warnasooriya, F. Joud, P. Bun, G. Tessier, M. Coppey-Moisan, P. Desbiolles, M. Atlan, M. Abboud, and M. Gross, “Imaging gold nanoparticles in living cell environments using heterodyne digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3264–3273 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Bundle Beaming From Multiple Subwavelength Slits Surrounded by Dielectric Surface Gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(14), 2023–2029 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(2), 47–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lim, J. Hahn, S. Kim, J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Plasmonic light beaming manipulation and its detection using holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 300–305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y.-C. Lin and C.-J. Cheng, “Determining the refractive index profile of micro-optical elements using transflective digital hologgraphic microscopy,” J. Opt. 12(11), 115402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Choi, Y. Lim, S. Roh, I.-M. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing with a metal slit array arranged along a semicircular surface and its optimization with a genetic algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49(7), A30–A35 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

2008 (8)

M. Antkowiak, N. Callens, C. Yourassowsky, and F. Dubois, “Extended focused imaging of a microparticle field with digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 33(14), 1626–1628 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. M. Ash and M. K. Kim, “Digital holography of total internal reflection,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9811–9820 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Paturzo, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, A. Finizio, P. Ferraro, A. Tulino, and B. Javidi, “Numerical multiplexing and demultiplexing of digital holographic information for remote reconstruction in amplitude and phase,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2629–2631 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hahn, H. Kim, S. W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Phase-shifting interferometry with genetic algorithm-based twin image noise elimination,” Appl. Opt. 47(22), 4068–4076 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kim and B. Lee, “Pseudo-Fourier modal analysis of two-dimensional arbitrarily shaped grating structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25(1), 40–54 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Mico, Z. Zalevsky, C. Ferreira, and J. García, “Superresolution digital holographic microscopy for three-dimensional samples,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19260–19270 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Paturzo, F. Merola, S. Grilli, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, and P. Ferraro, “Super-resolution in digital holography by a two-dimensional dynamic phase grating,” Opt. Express 16(21), 17107–17118 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

2006 (5)

J. Garcia-Sucerquia, W. Xu, S. K. Jericho, P. Klages, M. H. Jericho, and H. J. Kreuzer, “Digital in-line holographic microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 45(5), 836–850 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, “Reconstruction algorithm for high-numerical-aperture holograms with diffraction-limited resolution,” Opt. Lett. 31(11), 1633–1635 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yokota, Y. Terui, and I. Yamaguchi, “Analysis of polarization state by digital holography with polarization modulation,” Opt. Rev. 13(6), 405–409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Optical measurement of cell membrane tension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(21), 218101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

2004 (2)

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Zhang, I. Yamaguchi, and L. P. Yaroslavsky, “Algorithm for reconstruction of digital holograms with adjustable magnification,” Opt. Lett. 29(14), 1668–1670 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Colomb, P. Dahlgren, D. Beghuin, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Polarization imaging by use of digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 41(1), 27–37 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liu, Z. Liu, F. Bo, Y. Wang, and J. Zhu, “Super-resolution digital holographic imaging method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

1966 (1)

R. Vanligten and H. Osterberg, “Holographic microscopy,” Nature 211(5046), 282–283 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Abboud, M.

Antkowiak, M.

Ash, W. M.

Asundi, A.

Atlan, M.

Badizadegan, K.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Optical measurement of cell membrane tension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(21), 218101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balduzzi, D.

Barnard, E. S.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beghuin, D.

Best-Popescu, C. A.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Optical measurement of cell membrane tension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(21), 218101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bevilacqua, F.

Bo, F.

C. Liu, Z. Liu, F. Bo, Y. Wang, and J. Zhu, “Super-resolution digital holographic imaging method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Zia and M. L. Brongersma, “Surface plasmon polariton analogue to Young’s double-slit experiment,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(7), 426–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bun, P.

Callens, N.

Catrysse, P. B.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Charriere, F.

Cheng, C.-J.

Y.-C. Lin and C.-J. Cheng, “Determining the refractive index profile of micro-optical elements using transflective digital hologgraphic microscopy,” J. Opt. 12(11), 115402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S. W.

Choi, D.

Colomb, T.

Coppey-Moisan, M.

Coppola, G.

G. Coppola, G. Di Caprio, M. Gioffre, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, S. Grilli, A. Finizio, and P. Ferraro, “Digital self-referencing quantitative phase microscopy by wavefront folding in holographic image reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3390–3392 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cuche, E.

T. Colomb, N. Pavillon, J. Kuhn, E. Cuche, C. Depeursinge, and Y. Emery, “Extended depth-of-focus by digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1840–1842 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kuhn, T. Colomb, F. Montfort, F. Charriere, Y. Emery, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Real-time dual-wavelength digital holographic microscopy with a single hologram acquisition,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7231–7242 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Marquet, B. Rappaz, P. J. Magistretti, E. Cuche, Y. Emery, T. Colomb, and C. Depeursinge, “Digital holographic microscopy: a noninvasive contrast imaging technique allowing quantitative visualization of living cells with subwavelength axial accuracy,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 468–470 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Colomb, F. Durr, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, and C. Depeursinge, “Polarization microscopy by use of digital holography: application to optical-fiber birefringence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(21), 4461–4469 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Colomb, P. Dahlgren, D. Beghuin, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Polarization imaging by use of digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 41(1), 27–37 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Spatial filtering for zero-order and twin-image elimination in digital off-axis holography,” Appl. Opt. 39(23), 4070–4075 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Cuche, F. Bevilacqua, and C. Depeursinge, “Digital holography for quantitative phase-contrast imaging,” Opt. Lett. 24(5), 291–293 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Simultaneous amplitude-contrast and quantitative phase-contrast microscopy by numerical reconstruction of Fresnel off-axis holograms,” Appl. Opt. 38(34), 6994–7001 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dahlgren, P.

Dasari, R. R.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Optical measurement of cell membrane tension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(21), 218101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Nicola, S.

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Depeursinge, C.

T. Colomb, N. Pavillon, J. Kuhn, E. Cuche, C. Depeursinge, and Y. Emery, “Extended depth-of-focus by digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1840–1842 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Pavillon, C. S. Seelamantula, J. Kuhn, M. Unser, and C. Depeursinge, “Suppression of the zero-order term in off-axis digital holography through nonlinear filtering,” Appl. Opt. 48(34), H186–H195 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kuhn, T. Colomb, F. Montfort, F. Charriere, Y. Emery, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Real-time dual-wavelength digital holographic microscopy with a single hologram acquisition,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7231–7242 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Marquet, B. Rappaz, P. J. Magistretti, E. Cuche, Y. Emery, T. Colomb, and C. Depeursinge, “Digital holographic microscopy: a noninvasive contrast imaging technique allowing quantitative visualization of living cells with subwavelength axial accuracy,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 468–470 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Colomb, F. Durr, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, and C. Depeursinge, “Polarization microscopy by use of digital holography: application to optical-fiber birefringence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(21), 4461–4469 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Colomb, P. Dahlgren, D. Beghuin, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Polarization imaging by use of digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 41(1), 27–37 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Spatial filtering for zero-order and twin-image elimination in digital off-axis holography,” Appl. Opt. 39(23), 4070–4075 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Cuche, F. Bevilacqua, and C. Depeursinge, “Digital holography for quantitative phase-contrast imaging,” Opt. Lett. 24(5), 291–293 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Simultaneous amplitude-contrast and quantitative phase-contrast microscopy by numerical reconstruction of Fresnel off-axis holograms,” Appl. Opt. 38(34), 6994–7001 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Desbiolles, P.

Devaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di Caprio, G.

Dubois, F.

Durr, F.

Ebbesen, T. W.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emery, Y.

Fan, S.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feld, M. S.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Optical measurement of cell membrane tension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(21), 218101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferraro, P.

Ferreira, C.

Finizio, A.

Galli, A.

García, J.

Garcia-Sucerquia, J.

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ge, Z. B.

X. Y. Zhu, Z. B. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 15–29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gioffre, M.

Goda, K.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Optical measurement of cell membrane tension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(21), 218101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grilli, S.

Gross, M.

Guo, Z.

Hahn, J.

Y. Lim, J. Hahn, S. Kim, J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Plasmonic light beaming manipulation and its detection using holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 300–305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hahn, H. Kim, Y. Lim, E. Kim, and B. Lee, “Spatial phase-shifting interferometry with compensation of geometric errors based on genetic algorithm,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 7(12), 1113–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hahn, Y. Lim, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Micro-optical fields generated by a spatial light modulator,” J. Holography and Speckle 5(2), 141–148 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hahn, H. Kim, S. W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Phase-shifting interferometry with genetic algorithm-based twin image noise elimination,” Appl. Opt. 47(22), 4068–4076 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikeda, T.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Optical measurement of cell membrane tension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(21), 218101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iodice, M.

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Javidi, B.

Jericho, M. H.

Jericho, S. K.

Joud, F.

Jung, J.

Juptner, W.

Kato, J.

Kim, E.

Kim, H.

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(2), 47–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lim, J. Hahn, S. Kim, J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Plasmonic light beaming manipulation and its detection using holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 300–305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hahn, H. Kim, Y. Lim, E. Kim, and B. Lee, “Spatial phase-shifting interferometry with compensation of geometric errors based on genetic algorithm,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 7(12), 1113–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hahn, Y. Lim, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Micro-optical fields generated by a spatial light modulator,” J. Holography and Speckle 5(2), 141–148 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hahn, H. Kim, S. W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Phase-shifting interferometry with genetic algorithm-based twin image noise elimination,” Appl. Opt. 47(22), 4068–4076 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kim and B. Lee, “Pseudo-Fourier modal analysis of two-dimensional arbitrarily shaped grating structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25(1), 40–54 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Extended scattering-matrix method for efficient full parallel implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24(8), 2313–2327 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. K.

Kim, S.

S. Kim, Y. Lim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Bundle Beaming From Multiple Subwavelength Slits Surrounded by Dielectric Surface Gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(14), 2023–2029 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lim, J. Hahn, S. Kim, J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Plasmonic light beaming manipulation and its detection using holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 300–305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(2), 47–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Klages, P.

Kreis, T.

Kreuzer, H. J.

Kuhn, J.

Laposata, M.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Optical measurement of cell membrane tension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(21), 218101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, B.

D. Choi, Y. Lim, S. Roh, I.-M. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing with a metal slit array arranged along a semicircular surface and its optimization with a genetic algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49(7), A30–A35 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Bundle Beaming From Multiple Subwavelength Slits Surrounded by Dielectric Surface Gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(14), 2023–2029 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(2), 47–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lim, J. Hahn, S. Kim, J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Plasmonic light beaming manipulation and its detection using holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 300–305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hahn, H. Kim, Y. Lim, E. Kim, and B. Lee, “Spatial phase-shifting interferometry with compensation of geometric errors based on genetic algorithm,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 7(12), 1113–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hahn, Y. Lim, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Micro-optical fields generated by a spatial light modulator,” J. Holography and Speckle 5(2), 141–148 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hahn, H. Kim, S. W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Phase-shifting interferometry with genetic algorithm-based twin image noise elimination,” Appl. Opt. 47(22), 4068–4076 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kim and B. Lee, “Pseudo-Fourier modal analysis of two-dimensional arbitrarily shaped grating structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25(1), 40–54 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, and B. Lee, “Extended scattering-matrix method for efficient full parallel implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24(8), 2313–2327 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, I.-M.

Lezec, H. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lim, Y.

D. Choi, Y. Lim, S. Roh, I.-M. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing with a metal slit array arranged along a semicircular surface and its optimization with a genetic algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49(7), A30–A35 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Bundle Beaming From Multiple Subwavelength Slits Surrounded by Dielectric Surface Gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(14), 2023–2029 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(2), 47–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lim, J. Hahn, S. Kim, J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Plasmonic light beaming manipulation and its detection using holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 300–305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hahn, H. Kim, Y. Lim, E. Kim, and B. Lee, “Spatial phase-shifting interferometry with compensation of geometric errors based on genetic algorithm,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 7(12), 1113–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Hahn, Y. Lim, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Micro-optical fields generated by a spatial light modulator,” J. Holography and Speckle 5(2), 141–148 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Limberger, H. G.

Lin, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Lin and C.-J. Cheng, “Determining the refractive index profile of micro-optical elements using transflective digital hologgraphic microscopy,” J. Opt. 12(11), 115402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

C. Liu, Z. Liu, F. Bo, Y. Wang, and J. Zhu, “Super-resolution digital holographic imaging method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Liu, F. Bo, Y. Wang, and J. Zhu, “Super-resolution digital holographic imaging method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Magistretti, P. J.

Manley, S.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Optical measurement of cell membrane tension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(21), 218101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marquet, P.

Martin-Moreno, L.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Memmolo, P.

Merola, F.

Miao, J.

Miccio, L.

Mico, V.

Mizuno, J.

Montfort, F.

Murata, S.

Nicola, S.

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nitanai, E.

Nomura, T.

Numata, T.

Ohta, S.

Osten, W.

Osterberg, H.

R. Vanligten and H. Osterberg, “Holographic microscopy,” Nature 211(5046), 282–283 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, J.

S. Kim, Y. Lim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Bundle Beaming From Multiple Subwavelength Slits Surrounded by Dielectric Surface Gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(14), 2023–2029 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lim, J. Hahn, S. Kim, J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Plasmonic light beaming manipulation and its detection using holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 300–305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Paturzo, M.

Pavillon, N.

Pedrini, G.

Peng, X.

Popescu, G.

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Optical measurement of cell membrane tension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(21), 218101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Puglisi, R.

Rappaz, B.

Roh, S.

Salathe, R. P.

Schnars, U.

Seelamantula, C. S.

Terui, Y.

M. Yokota, Y. Terui, and I. Yamaguchi, “Analysis of polarization state by digital holography with polarization modulation,” Opt. Rev. 13(6), 405–409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tessier, G.

Tulino, A.

Unser, M.

Vanligten, R.

R. Vanligten and H. Osterberg, “Holographic microscopy,” Nature 211(5046), 282–283 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Verslegers, L.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wahba, H. H.

Wang, Y.

C. Liu, Z. Liu, F. Bo, Y. Wang, and J. Zhu, “Super-resolution digital holographic imaging method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Warnasooriya, N.

White, J. S.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

X. Y. Zhu, Z. B. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 15–29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, T. X.

X. Y. Zhu, Z. B. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 15–29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

Xu, W.

Yamaguchi, I.

Yaroslavsky, L. P.

Yokota, M.

M. Yokota, Y. Terui, and I. Yamaguchi, “Analysis of polarization state by digital holography with polarization modulation,” Opt. Rev. 13(6), 405–409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yourassowsky, C.

Yu, Z.

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zalevsky, Z.

Zhang, F.

Zhang, T.

Zhu, J.

C. Liu, Z. Liu, F. Bo, Y. Wang, and J. Zhu, “Super-resolution digital holographic imaging method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X. Y.

X. Y. Zhu, Z. B. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 15–29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zia, R.

R. Zia and M. L. Brongersma, “Surface plasmon polariton analogue to Young’s double-slit experiment,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(7), 426–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (11)

U. Schnars and W. Juptner, “Direct recording of holograms by a CCD target and numerical reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 33(2), 179–181 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Simultaneous amplitude-contrast and quantitative phase-contrast microscopy by numerical reconstruction of Fresnel off-axis holograms,” Appl. Opt. 38(34), 6994–7001 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Yamaguchi, J. Kato, S. Ohta, and J. Mizuno, “Image formation in phase-shifting digital holography and applications to microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 40(34), 6177–6186 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Garcia-Sucerquia, W. Xu, S. K. Jericho, P. Klages, M. H. Jericho, and H. J. Kreuzer, “Digital in-line holographic microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 45(5), 836–850 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Wahba and T. Kreis, “Characterization of graded index optical fibers by digital holographic interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 48(8), 1573–1582 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Colomb, P. Dahlgren, D. Beghuin, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Polarization imaging by use of digital holography,” Appl. Opt. 41(1), 27–37 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Colomb, F. Durr, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, and C. Depeursinge, “Polarization microscopy by use of digital holography: application to optical-fiber birefringence measurements,” Appl. Opt. 44(21), 4461–4469 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, “Spatial filtering for zero-order and twin-image elimination in digital off-axis holography,” Appl. Opt. 39(23), 4070–4075 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Pavillon, C. S. Seelamantula, J. Kuhn, M. Unser, and C. Depeursinge, “Suppression of the zero-order term in off-axis digital holography through nonlinear filtering,” Appl. Opt. 48(34), H186–H195 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hahn, H. Kim, S. W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Phase-shifting interferometry with genetic algorithm-based twin image noise elimination,” Appl. Opt. 47(22), 4068–4076 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Choi, Y. Lim, S. Roh, I.-M. Lee, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing with a metal slit array arranged along a semicircular surface and its optimization with a genetic algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49(7), A30–A35 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

C. Liu, Z. Liu, F. Bo, Y. Wang, and J. Zhu, “Super-resolution digital holographic imaging method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3143 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Lim, and B. Lee, “Off-axis directional beaming of optical field diffracted by a single subwavelength metal slit with asymmetric dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(5), 051113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, Y. Lim, H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, “Optical beam focusing by a single subwavelength metal slit surrounded by chirped dielectric surface gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(1), 013103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Lim, J. Hahn, S. Kim, J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Plasmonic light beaming manipulation and its detection using holographic microscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(3), 300–305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

X. Y. Zhu, Z. B. Ge, T. X. Wu, and S. T. Wu, “Transflective Liquid Crystal Displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 1(1), 15–29 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Holography and Speckle (1)

J. Hahn, Y. Lim, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Micro-optical fields generated by a spatial light modulator,” J. Holography and Speckle 5(2), 141–148 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. (1)

Y.-C. Lin and C.-J. Cheng, “Determining the refractive index profile of micro-optical elements using transflective digital hologgraphic microscopy,” J. Opt. 12(11), 115402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

G. Coppola, P. Ferraro, M. Iodice, S. Nicola, A. Finizio, and S. Grilli, “A digital holographic microscope for complete characterization of microelectromechanical systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15(3), 529–539 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

L. Verslegers, P. B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. Barnard, M. L. Brongersma, and S. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slit arrays in a metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

R. Zia and M. L. Brongersma, “Surface plasmon polariton analogue to Young’s double-slit experiment,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(7), 426–429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

R. Vanligten and H. Osterberg, “Holographic microscopy,” Nature 211(5046), 282–283 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (10)

T. Zhang and I. Yamaguchi, “Three-dimensional microscopy with phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 23(15), 1221–1223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Zhang, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, “Reconstruction algorithm for high-numerical-aperture holograms with diffraction-limited resolution,” Opt. Lett. 31(11), 1633–1635 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Marquet, B. Rappaz, P. J. Magistretti, E. Cuche, Y. Emery, T. Colomb, and C. Depeursinge, “Digital holographic microscopy: a noninvasive contrast imaging technique allowing quantitative visualization of living cells with subwavelength axial accuracy,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 468–470 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Antkowiak, N. Callens, C. Yourassowsky, and F. Dubois, “Extended focused imaging of a microparticle field with digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 33(14), 1626–1628 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, I. Yamaguchi, and L. P. Yaroslavsky, “Algorithm for reconstruction of digital holograms with adjustable magnification,” Opt. Lett. 29(14), 1668–1670 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Cuche, F. Bevilacqua, and C. Depeursinge, “Digital holography for quantitative phase-contrast imaging,” Opt. Lett. 24(5), 291–293 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Colomb, N. Pavillon, J. Kuhn, E. Cuche, C. Depeursinge, and Y. Emery, “Extended depth-of-focus by digital holographic microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1840–1842 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Coppola, G. Di Caprio, M. Gioffre, R. Puglisi, D. Balduzzi, A. Galli, L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, S. Grilli, A. Finizio, and P. Ferraro, “Digital self-referencing quantitative phase microscopy by wavefront folding in holographic image reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 35(20), 3390–3392 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nomura, B. Javidi, S. Murata, E. Nitanai, and T. Numata, “Polarization imaging of a 3D object by use of on-axis phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 481–483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Paturzo, P. Memmolo, L. Miccio, A. Finizio, P. Ferraro, A. Tulino, and B. Javidi, “Numerical multiplexing and demultiplexing of digital holographic information for remote reconstruction in amplitude and phase,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2629–2631 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Rev. (1)

M. Yokota, Y. Terui, and I. Yamaguchi, “Analysis of polarization state by digital holography with polarization modulation,” Opt. Rev. 13(6), 405–409 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

G. Popescu, T. Ikeda, K. Goda, C. A. Best-Popescu, M. Laposata, S. Manley, R. R. Dasari, K. Badizadegan, and M. S. Feld, “Optical measurement of cell membrane tension,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(21), 218101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. Lim, “The use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusing,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 34(2), 47–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

Y. Lim, C.-Y. Hwang, and B. Lee, “Digital holographic microscopy for concurrent activation of reflection- and transmission-mode,” International Workshop on Holographic Memories and Display Digests, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 83–84, Nov. 2010.

B. Lee, J. Hahn, and Y. Lim, “Digital holography and interferometry for micro- and nano-photonics,” Biomedical Optics and 3-D Imaging: OSA Optics and Photonics Congress - Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging (DH), Miami, Florida, USA, paper DTuD1, Apr. 2010.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram for the proposed TDHM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental verification of TDHM using conventional USAF test target images. The amplitude image acquired by (a) the reflection mode, (b) the transmission mode, and (c) the transflective mode. The phase images obtained by (d) the reflection mode, (e) the transmission mode, and (f) the transflective mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Geometry for generating plasmonic light beaming phenomena.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Numerically calculated results for plasmonic light beaming depending on the number of inscribed slits in the Ag layer. The intensity distribution on the x-z plane when the number of slits is (a) 5, (b) 7, and (c) 9.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a), (b) and (c) are SEM images of the fabricated metal slit array structures. (d), (e) and (f) are retrieved surface images obtained by the reflection mode. (g), (h) and (i) are x-z plane images showing the intensity distributions of plasmonic light beaming detected by the transmission mode. (j), (k) and (l) are amplitude images concurrently showing the optical beaming and the corresponding structure, obtained by the transflective mode.

Equations (16)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I H = | Ψ R + Ψ O T + Ψ O R | 2 = | Ψ R | 2 + | Ψ O T | 2 + | Ψ O R | 2 + Ψ R Ψ O T * + Ψ R * Ψ O T + Ψ O T Ψ O R * + Ψ O T * Ψ O R + Ψ R Ψ O R * + Ψ R * Ψ O R ,
Ψ O T Ψ O R = 0 ,
Ψ O T Ψ O R + Ψ O T Ψ O R = 0.
I H = | Ψ R | 2 + | Ψ O T | 2 + | Ψ O R | 2 + Ψ R Ψ O T + Ψ R Ψ O T + Ψ R Ψ O R + Ψ R Ψ O R         = | Ψ R | 2 + | Ψ O T | 2 + | Ψ O R | 2 + Ψ R ( Ψ O T + Ψ O R ) + Ψ R ( Ψ O T + Ψ O R ) ,
Ψ R = ( E x exp ( i ϕ x ( x , y ) ) E y exp ( i ϕ y ( x , y ) ) ) ,
Ψ O T = ( 0 E O T exp [ i ϕ O T ( x , y ) ] ) ,
Ψ O R = ( E O R exp [ i ϕ O R ( x , y ) ] 0 ) .
I H ( x , y ) = E R 2 + E O T 2 + E O R 2 + 2 Re { E x E O R exp ( Δ X ) } + 2 Re { E y E O T exp ( Δ Y ) } ,
E R 2 = E x 2 + E y 2 ,
Δ X = ϕ x ( x , y ) ϕ O R ( x , y ) ,
Δ Y = ϕ y ( x , y ) ϕ O T ( x , y ) .
Ψ S ( x , y ) = 1 4 Ψ R * [ I H 1 I H 3 + j ( I H 4 I H 2 ) ] ,
Ψ R E ( u , v , z ) = Ψ S ( x , y ) exp ( j k z ) exp [ i k 2 z { ( u x ) 2 + ( v y ) 2 } ] d x d y .
F . T . [ Ψ R E ( u , v ) ] = F . T . [ Ψ S ( x , y ) ] H ( f x , f y ) ,
U R E ( f x , f y ; s , t ; z 0 ) = m , n = U ( f x m Δ x , f y n Δ y ; 0 ) H ( f x m Δ x , f y n Δ y ; s , t ; z 0 ) + m , n = U ( f x m Δ x , f y n Δ y ; 0 ) p , q = p m ; q n H ( f x p Δ x , f y q Δ y ; s , t ; z 0 ) ,
H ( f x , f y ; s , t ; d ) = exp [ i 2 π ( f x s + f y t ) ] exp [ i 2 π d λ ( 1 λ 2 f x 2 λ 2 f y 2 ) 1 / 2 ] .

Metrics