Abstract

A method is proposed for arbitrarily engineering the high-order harmonic generation phase achieved by shaping a laser pulse and employing xuv light or x rays for ionization. This renders the production of bandwidth-limited attosecond pulses possible while avoiding the use of filters for chirp compensation. By adding the first 8 Fourier components to a sinusoidal field of 1016 W/cm2, the bandwidth-limited emission of 8 as is shown to be possible from a Li2+ gas. The scheme is extendable to the zs-scale.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics 4, 875–879 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. H. Ko, K. T. Kim, J. Park, J.-H. Lee, and C. H. Nam, “Attosecond chirp compensation over broadband high-order harmonics to generate near transform-limited 63 as pulses,” N. J. Phys. 12, 063008 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Kazamias, and Ph. Balcou, “Intrinsic chirp of attosecond pulses: Single-atom model versus experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063416 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-compression of attosecond high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, P. Zou, L. Zhang, X. Li, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Dynamic chirp control and pulse compression for attosecond high-order harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043904 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. M. W. Walser, C. H. Keitel, A. Scrinzi, and T. Brabec, “High harmonic generation beyond the electric dipole approximation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 5082–5085 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. C. Serrat and J. Biegert, “All-regions tunable high harmonic enhancement by a periodic static electric field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073901 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. I. P. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, “Quasi-phase matching of high-harmonics and attosecond pulses in modulated waveguides,” Opt. Express 7, 362–367 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421, 51–54 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. M. C. Kohler, C. Ott, P. Raith, R. Heck, I. Schlegel, C. H. Keitel, and T. Pfeifer, “High harmonic generation via continuum wave-packet interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203902 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (7)

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics 4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Ko, K. T. Kim, J. Park, J.-H. Lee, and C. H. Nam, “Attosecond chirp compensation over broadband high-order harmonics to generate near transform-limited 63 as pulses,” N. J. Phys. 12, 063008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Zou, Z. Zeng, Y. Zheng, Y. Lu, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control of broadband isolated attosecond pulses in a chirped two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Serrat and J. Biegert, “All-regions tunable high harmonic enhancement by a periodic static electric field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Kohler, C. Ott, P. Raith, R. Heck, I. Schlegel, C. H. Keitel, and T. Pfeifer, “High harmonic generation via continuum wave-packet interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, C. Müller, and C. H. Keitel, “Coherent hard x rays from attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 33, 411–413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

L. E. Chipperfield, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Ideal waveform to generate the maximum possible electron recollision energy for any given oscillation period,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, P. Zou, L. Zhang, X. Li, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Dynamic chirp control and pulse compression for attosecond high-order harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, C. Müller, M. C. Kohler, and C. H. Keitel, “Laser-driven relativistic recollisions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B92–B103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, F. Frassetto, and P. Villoresi, “Design of an extreme-ultraviolet attosecond compressor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B133–B136 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

O. Cohen, X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Grating-assisted phase matching in extreme nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-compression of attosecond high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, and C. H. Keitel, “Fully relativistic laser-induced ionization and recollision processes,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Dramatic enhancement of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. M. de Faria, and P. Salières, “High-order harmonic generation with a strong laser field and an attosecond-pulse train: the Dirac-delta comb and monochromatic limits,” Laser Phys. 17, 390–400 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, and C. H. Keitel, “Relativistic ionization rescattering with tailored laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 74051803(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Controlling the spectral shape of coherent soft x-rays,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 277–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Morlens, P. Balcou, P. Zeitoun, C. Valentin, V. Laude, and S. Kazamias, “Compression of attosecond harmonic pulses by extreme-ultraviolet chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1554–1556 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Kazamias, and Ph. Balcou, “Intrinsic chirp of attosecond pulses: Single-atom model versus experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063416 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Schafer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (4)

K. Ishikawa, “Photoemission and ionization of He+ under simultaneous irradiation of fundamental laser and high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421, 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

I. P. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, “Quasi-phase matching of high-harmonics and attosecond pulses in modulated waveguides,” Opt. Express 7, 362–367 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Walser, C. H. Keitel, A. Scrinzi, and T. Brabec, “High harmonic generation beyond the electric dipole approximation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 5082–5085 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agostini, P.

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aquila, A.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aquila, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arpin, P.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Attwood, D. T.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421, 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baik, M.

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, P.

Balcou, Ph.

S. Kazamias, and Ph. Balcou, “Intrinsic chirp of attosecond pulses: Single-atom model versus experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063416 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R. A.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421, 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

C. Serrat and J. Biegert, “All-regions tunable high harmonic enhancement by a periodic static electric field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Schafer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

M. W. Walser, C. H. Keitel, A. Scrinzi, and T. Brabec, “High harmonic generation beyond the electric dipole approximation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 5082–5085 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Breger, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics 4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Carré, B.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, M.-C.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chipperfield, L. E.

L. E. Chipperfield, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Ideal waveform to generate the maximum possible electron recollision energy for any given oscillation period,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chirla, R.

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christov, I. P.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421, 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Christov, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murnane, “Quasi-phase matching of high-harmonics and attosecond pulses in modulated waveguides,” Opt. Express 7, 362–367 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen, O.

O. Cohen, X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Grating-assisted phase matching in extreme nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Bohan, A.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Faria, C. F. M.

C. F. M. de Faria, and P. Salières, “High-order harmonic generation with a strong laser field and an attosecond-pulse train: the Dirac-delta comb and monochromatic limits,” Laser Phys. 17, 390–400 (2007).
[CrossRef]

DiMauro, L. F.

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dinu, L. C.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doumy, G.

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrari, F.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics 4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Frasinski, L. J.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frassetto, F.

Gaarde, M. B.

M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gagnon, J.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaudiosi, D.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerber, G.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Controlling the spectral shape of coherent soft x-rays,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 277–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gerrity, M.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, E. A.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Green, H.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421, 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gullikson, E. M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hatsagortsyan, K. Z.

Heck, R.

M. C. Kohler, C. Ott, P. Raith, R. Heck, I. Schlegel, C. H. Keitel, and T. Pfeifer, “High harmonic generation via continuum wave-packet interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, A.

M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Schafer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofstetter, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imran, T.

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-compression of attosecond high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, K.

K. Ishikawa, “Photoemission and ionization of He+ under simultaneous irradiation of fundamental laser and high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, K. L.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Dramatic enhancement of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnsson, P.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanai, T.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Dramatic enhancement of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, K. S.

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-compression of attosecond high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

Kapteyn, H. C.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Cohen, X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Grating-assisted phase matching in extreme nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421, 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazamias, S.

Keitel, C. H.

M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, C. Müller, and C. H. Keitel, “Coherent hard x rays from attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 33, 411–413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Kohler, C. Ott, P. Raith, R. Heck, I. Schlegel, C. H. Keitel, and T. Pfeifer, “High harmonic generation via continuum wave-packet interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, C. Müller, M. C. Kohler, and C. H. Keitel, “Laser-driven relativistic recollisions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B92–B103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, and C. H. Keitel, “Fully relativistic laser-induced ionization and recollision processes,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, and C. H. Keitel, “Relativistic ionization rescattering with tailored laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 74051803(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Walser, C. H. Keitel, A. Scrinzi, and T. Brabec, “High harmonic generation beyond the electric dipole approximation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 5082–5085 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Schafer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, C. M.

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. T.

D. H. Ko, K. T. Kim, J. Park, J.-H. Lee, and C. H. Nam, “Attosecond chirp compensation over broadband high-order harmonics to generate near transform-limited 63 as pulses,” N. J. Phys. 12, 063008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-compression of attosecond high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Klaiber, M.

M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, C. Müller, and C. H. Keitel, “Coherent hard x rays from attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 33, 411–413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, C. Müller, M. C. Kohler, and C. H. Keitel, “Laser-driven relativistic recollisions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B92–B103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, and C. H. Keitel, “Fully relativistic laser-induced ionization and recollision processes,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, and C. H. Keitel, “Relativistic ionization rescattering with tailored laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 74051803(R) (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ko, D. H.

D. H. Ko, K. T. Kim, J. Park, J.-H. Lee, and C. H. Nam, “Attosecond chirp compensation over broadband high-order harmonics to generate near transform-limited 63 as pulses,” N. J. Phys. 12, 063008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kohler, M. C.

M. C. Kohler, C. Ott, P. Raith, R. Heck, I. Schlegel, C. H. Keitel, and T. Pfeifer, “High harmonic generation via continuum wave-packet interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, M. Klaiber, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan, C. Müller, M. C. Kohler, and C. H. Keitel, “Laser-driven relativistic recollisions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B92–B103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kovacev, M.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laude, V.

Lee, J.-H.

D. H. Ko, K. T. Kim, J. Park, J.-H. Lee, and C. H. Nam, “Attosecond chirp compensation over broadband high-order harmonics to generate near transform-limited 63 as pulses,” N. J. Phys. 12, 063008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lewenstein, M.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, R.

P. Zou, Z. Zeng, Y. Zheng, Y. Lu, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control of broadband isolated attosecond pulses in a chirped two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, P. Zou, L. Zhang, X. Li, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Dynamic chirp control and pulse compression for attosecond high-order harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, P. Zou, L. Zhang, X. Li, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Dynamic chirp control and pulse compression for attosecond high-order harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, P.

P. Zou, Z. Zeng, Y. Zheng, Y. Lu, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control of broadband isolated attosecond pulses in a chirped two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, P. Zou, L. Zhang, X. Li, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Dynamic chirp control and pulse compression for attosecond high-order harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

López-Martens, R.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, Y.

P. Zou, Z. Zeng, Y. Zheng, Y. Lu, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control of broadband isolated attosecond pulses in a chirped two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lucchini, M.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics 4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lytle, A. L.

O. Cohen, X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Grating-assisted phase matching in extreme nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mairesse, Y.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marangos, J. P.

L. E. Chipperfield, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Ideal waveform to generate the maximum possible electron recollision energy for any given oscillation period,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mauritsson, J.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Merdji, H.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Dramatic enhancement of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monchicourt, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morlens, A.

Muller, H. G.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müller, C.

Murnane, M.

Murnane, M. M.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Cohen, X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Grating-assisted phase matching in extreme nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421, 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nabekawa, Y.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Dramatic enhancement of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nam, C. H.

D. H. Ko, K. T. Kim, J. Park, J.-H. Lee, and C. H. Nam, “Attosecond chirp compensation over broadband high-order harmonics to generate near transform-limited 63 as pulses,” N. J. Phys. 12, 063008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-compression of attosecond high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics 4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ott, C.

M. C. Kohler, C. Ott, P. Raith, R. Heck, I. Schlegel, C. H. Keitel, and T. Pfeifer, “High harmonic generation via continuum wave-packet interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

D. H. Ko, K. T. Kim, J. Park, J.-H. Lee, and C. H. Nam, “Attosecond chirp compensation over broadband high-order harmonics to generate near transform-limited 63 as pulses,” N. J. Phys. 12, 063008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, M. N.

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-compression of attosecond high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paul, A.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421, 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peatross, J.

Persson, A.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pfeifer, T.

M. C. Kohler, C. Ott, P. Raith, R. Heck, I. Schlegel, C. H. Keitel, and T. Pfeifer, “High harmonic generation via continuum wave-packet interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Controlling the spectral shape of coherent soft x-rays,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 277–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poletto, L.

Popmintchev, D.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Popmintchev, T.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Cohen, X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Grating-assisted phase matching in extreme nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prokopovich, I.

Raith, P.

M. C. Kohler, C. Ott, P. Raith, R. Heck, I. Schlegel, C. H. Keitel, and T. Pfeifer, “High harmonic generation via continuum wave-packet interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, J. S.

L. E. Chipperfield, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Ideal waveform to generate the maximum possible electron recollision energy for any given oscillation period,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roedig, C.

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salières, P.

C. F. M. de Faria, and P. Salières, “High-order harmonic generation with a strong laser field and an attosecond-pulse train: the Dirac-delta comb and monochromatic limits,” Laser Phys. 17, 390–400 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics 4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Schafer, M. B. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schlegel, I.

M. C. Kohler, C. Ott, P. Raith, R. Heck, I. Schlegel, C. H. Keitel, and T. Pfeifer, “High harmonic generation via continuum wave-packet interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 203902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schultze, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

M. W. Walser, C. H. Keitel, A. Scrinzi, and T. Brabec, “High harmonic generation beyond the electric dipole approximation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 5082–5085 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seaberg, M.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Serrat, C.

C. Serrat and J. Biegert, “All-regions tunable high harmonic enhancement by a periodic static electric field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 073901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, C.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Controlling the spectral shape of coherent soft x-rays,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 277–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics 4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Svanberg, S.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taïeb, R.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovačev, R. Taïeb, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, “Attosecond synchronization of high-harmonic soft x-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003) (and supplementary material.).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, E. J.

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Dramatic enhancement of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tisch, J. W. G.

L. E. Chipperfield, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Ideal waveform to generate the maximum possible electron recollision energy for any given oscillation period,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tobey, R.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421, 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Umesh, G.

K. T. Kim, K. S. Kang, M. N. Park, T. Imran, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Self-compression of attosecond high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 223904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 051805(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Valentin, C.

Varjú, K.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

Voronov, S.

Vozzi, C.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics 4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, N.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wahlström, C.

R. López-Martens, K. Varjú, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C. Wahlström, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walser, M. W.

M. W. Walser, C. H. Keitel, A. Scrinzi, and T. Brabec, “High harmonic generation beyond the electric dipole approximation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 5082–5085 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walter, D.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Controlling the spectral shape of coherent soft x-rays,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 277–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weiman, S.

A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421, 51–54 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wheeler, J.

G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Attosecond synchronization of high-order harmonics from midinfrared drivers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winterfeldt, C.

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Controlling the spectral shape of coherent soft x-rays,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 277–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

P. Zou, Z. Zeng, Y. Zheng, Y. Lu, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control of broadband isolated attosecond pulses in a chirped two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, P. Zou, L. Zhang, X. Li, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Dynamic chirp control and pulse compression for attosecond high-order harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeitoun, P.

Zeng, Z.

P. Zou, Z. Zeng, Y. Zheng, Y. Lu, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control of broadband isolated attosecond pulses in a chirped two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, P. Zou, L. Zhang, X. Li, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Dynamic chirp control and pulse compression for attosecond high-order harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft x-ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, P. Zou, L. Zhang, X. Li, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Dynamic chirp control and pulse compression for attosecond high-order harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

O. Cohen, X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Grating-assisted phase matching in extreme nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 053902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, Y.

P. Zou, Z. Zeng, Y. Zheng, Y. Lu, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control of broadband isolated attosecond pulses in a chirped two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, P. Zou, L. Zhang, X. Li, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Dynamic chirp control and pulse compression for attosecond high-order harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zou, P.

P. Zou, Z. Zeng, Y. Zheng, Y. Lu, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control of broadband isolated attosecond pulses in a chirped two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, P. Zou, L. Zhang, X. Li, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Dynamic chirp control and pulse compression for attosecond high-order harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Pfeifer, D. Walter, C. Winterfeldt, C. Spielmann, and G. Gerber, “Controlling the spectral shape of coherent soft x-rays,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 277–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Opt. Express (2)

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Other (1)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the recollision scenario: a) A half cycle of the tailored laser field (black). The red line is the assisting x-ray pulse. b) Different classical trajectories in the field of (a) which start into the continuum at different times but revisit the ionic core at the same time.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a) Classical electron trajectories (red lines) are shown for two different field configurations (thick black lines): The dashed curves are for a conventional sinusoidal laser field and a neutral Ne atom. The full lines are for a shaped laser field consisting of NF = 8 harmonics that is assisted by continuous wave x-rays (ωx = 60 eV, Ix = 9 × 1012 W/cm2) triggering ionization from a He+ ion. b) Attosecond pulses emitted from the laser fields proposed in a). The solid line shows the intensity for the case of the proposed scheme whereas the dotted and dashed lines correspond to the attosecond pulses for a conventional field with a 40 eV bandwidth either with or without phase compensation, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a) shows the laser field composed of only 8 Fourier components that illuminates an Li2+ atom with Ip = 4.5 a.u.. The parameters of the additional x-ray field are indicated in the first row of Tab. 1. The created 8 as pulse is shown in b). c) displays the laser field needed to create a pulse of 800 zs duration from Be3+ atoms with Ip = 8 a.u. and the parameters indicated in the second row of Tab. 1. The respective pulse is shown in d). The dashed red lines are the temporal phases of the pulses.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters for the two examples in Fig. 3a

Equations (15)

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E i p i / τ .
Δ t e B W = δ p i Δ t 1 / p = δ ω X Δ t I 2 p i p ,
d ˜ q = i d t t d t d 3 q Φ 0 ( t ) | x | p + A ( t ) E X ( t ) p + A ( t ) | x | Φ 0 ( t ) e i S q ( p , t , t ) ,
d ˜ q = i s ( 2 π i ) 5 det ( S ˜ s ) Φ 0 ( t e ) | x | p s + A ( t ) E X ( t i ) p s + A ( t ) | x | Φ 0 ( t i ) e i S q ( p s , t e , t i )
t i t e [ p s + A ( t ) ] d t = 0 ,
[ p s + A ( t i ) ] 2 / 2 = ω X I p ,
[ p s + A ( t e ) ] 2 / 2 + I p = q ω ,
I ( t ) | j ω 2 j + 1 2 | d ˜ 2 j + 1 | e i S 2 j + 1 ( p s , t e , t i ) e i ω 2 j + 1 t | 2 ,
α 1 = d d ω q S q ( p s , t e , t i ) | ω q = ω c = t e ( ω q ) | ω q = ω c ,
α 2 = d d ω q t e ( ω q ) | ω q = ω c Δ t e Δ ω q
Δ t e 4 π Δ ω q = 4 π α Δ t p ,
t e , x = d d ω q S x ( p s , t i , t e ) = S x t i t i ω q + S x t e t e ω q + S x p s p s ω q
[ p + A ( t i ) ] A x ( t i ) t i ω q E x ω X t i ω q .
Δ t e , x = E x ω X Δ t I Δ ω q Δ t e
I ( t ) | j ω 2 j + 1 2 d ˜ 2 j + 1 e i ω 2 j + 1 [ t + ( n 1 n 2 j + 1 ) L / c ] | 2 .

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