Abstract

We propose a polarization distributed depth map (PDDM) which can be used in a depth-fused three-dimensional (DFD) display. PDDM is obtained from a conventional depth map using a polarization switching device and shows different polarization states for each pixel depending on the depth position of corresponding pixel. The proposed DFD system using PDDM is composed of three devices which are projection-type display, polarization switching device, and polarization-selective scattering screens. We demonstrate the feasibility of our proposal by the experiment.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. H. Takada, S. Suyama, M. Date, and K. Nakazawa, “A compact depth-fused 3-D display using a stack of two LCDs,” NTT Tech. Rev. 2, 35–40 (2004).
  2. S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res. 44(8), 785–793 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Liu and H. Hua, “A systematic method for designing depth-fused multi-focal plane three-dimensional displays,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11562–11573 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-11-11562 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3-D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE 6778, 677817, 677817-8 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Date, T. Hisaki, H. Takada, S. Suyama, and K. Nakazawa, “Luminance addition of a stack of multidomain liquid-crystal displays and capability for depth-fused three-dimensional display application,” Appl. Opt. 44(6), 898–905 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J.-W. Seo and T. Kim, “Double-layer projection display system using scattering polarizer film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(3), 1602–1605 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Fehn, “Depth-image-based rendering (DIBR), compression and transmission for a new approach on 3D-TV,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 93–104 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Kawakita, K. Iizuka, H. Nakamura, I. Mizuno, T. Kurita, T. Aida, Y. Yamanouchi, H. Mitsumine, T. Fukaya, H. Kikuchi, and F. Sato, “High-definition real-time depth-mapping TV camera: HDTV Axi-Vision Camera,” Opt. Express 12(12), 2781–2794 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-12-2781 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Suyama, M. Date, and H. Takada, “Three-dimensional display system with dual-frequency liquid-crystal varifocal lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 2A), 480–484 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Sullivan, “DepthCube solid-state 3D volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 279–284 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, Y. Kim, G. Park, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced integral imaging display system with electrically variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal layers,” Appl. Opt. 46(18), 3766–3773 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

J.-W. Seo and T. Kim, “Double-layer projection display system using scattering polarizer film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(3), 1602–1605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (5)

H. Takada, S. Suyama, M. Date, and K. Nakazawa, “A compact depth-fused 3-D display using a stack of two LCDs,” NTT Tech. Rev. 2, 35–40 (2004).

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res. 44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Fehn, “Depth-image-based rendering (DIBR), compression and transmission for a new approach on 3D-TV,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 93–104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kawakita, K. Iizuka, H. Nakamura, I. Mizuno, T. Kurita, T. Aida, Y. Yamanouchi, H. Mitsumine, T. Fukaya, H. Kikuchi, and F. Sato, “High-definition real-time depth-mapping TV camera: HDTV Axi-Vision Camera,” Opt. Express 12(12), 2781–2794 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-12-2781 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Sullivan, “DepthCube solid-state 3D volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 279–284 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. Suyama, M. Date, and H. Takada, “Three-dimensional display system with dual-frequency liquid-crystal varifocal lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 2A), 480–484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Aida, T.

Cho, S.-W.

Choi, H.

Date, M.

M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3-D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE 6778, 677817, 677817-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Date, T. Hisaki, H. Takada, S. Suyama, and K. Nakazawa, “Luminance addition of a stack of multidomain liquid-crystal displays and capability for depth-fused three-dimensional display application,” Appl. Opt. 44(6), 898–905 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takada, S. Suyama, M. Date, and K. Nakazawa, “A compact depth-fused 3-D display using a stack of two LCDs,” NTT Tech. Rev. 2, 35–40 (2004).

S. Suyama, M. Date, and H. Takada, “Three-dimensional display system with dual-frequency liquid-crystal varifocal lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 2A), 480–484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fehn, C.

C. Fehn, “Depth-image-based rendering (DIBR), compression and transmission for a new approach on 3D-TV,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 93–104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fukaya, T.

Hisaki, T.

Hua, H.

Iizuka, K.

Kawakita, M.

Kikuchi, H.

Kim, J.

Kim, T.

J.-W. Seo and T. Kim, “Double-layer projection display system using scattering polarizer film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(3), 1602–1605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

Kurita, T.

Lee, B.

Liu, S.

Mitsumine, H.

Mizuno, I.

Nakamura, H.

Nakazawa, K.

M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3-D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE 6778, 677817, 677817-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Date, T. Hisaki, H. Takada, S. Suyama, and K. Nakazawa, “Luminance addition of a stack of multidomain liquid-crystal displays and capability for depth-fused three-dimensional display application,” Appl. Opt. 44(6), 898–905 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takada, S. Suyama, M. Date, and K. Nakazawa, “A compact depth-fused 3-D display using a stack of two LCDs,” NTT Tech. Rev. 2, 35–40 (2004).

Ohtsuka, S.

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res. 44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, G.

Sakai, S.

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res. 44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sato, F.

Seo, J.-W.

J.-W. Seo and T. Kim, “Double-layer projection display system using scattering polarizer film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(3), 1602–1605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, S.

M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3-D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE 6778, 677817, 677817-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, A.

A. Sullivan, “DepthCube solid-state 3D volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 279–284 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suyama, S.

M. Date, T. Hisaki, H. Takada, S. Suyama, and K. Nakazawa, “Luminance addition of a stack of multidomain liquid-crystal displays and capability for depth-fused three-dimensional display application,” Appl. Opt. 44(6), 898–905 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res. 44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takada, S. Suyama, M. Date, and K. Nakazawa, “A compact depth-fused 3-D display using a stack of two LCDs,” NTT Tech. Rev. 2, 35–40 (2004).

S. Suyama, M. Date, and H. Takada, “Three-dimensional display system with dual-frequency liquid-crystal varifocal lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 2A), 480–484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3-D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE 6778, 677817, 677817-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Date, T. Hisaki, H. Takada, S. Suyama, and K. Nakazawa, “Luminance addition of a stack of multidomain liquid-crystal displays and capability for depth-fused three-dimensional display application,” Appl. Opt. 44(6), 898–905 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takada, S. Suyama, M. Date, and K. Nakazawa, “A compact depth-fused 3-D display using a stack of two LCDs,” NTT Tech. Rev. 2, 35–40 (2004).

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res. 44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Suyama, M. Date, and H. Takada, “Three-dimensional display system with dual-frequency liquid-crystal varifocal lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 2A), 480–484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Uehira, K.

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res. 44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamanouchi, Y.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J.-W. Seo and T. Kim, “Double-layer projection display system using scattering polarizer film,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(3), 1602–1605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Suyama, M. Date, and H. Takada, “Three-dimensional display system with dual-frequency liquid-crystal varifocal lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39(Part 1, No. 2A), 480–484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

NTT Tech. Rev. (1)

H. Takada, S. Suyama, M. Date, and K. Nakazawa, “A compact depth-fused 3-D display using a stack of two LCDs,” NTT Tech. Rev. 2, 35–40 (2004).

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. SPIE (3)

M. Date, S. Sugimoto, H. Takada, and K. Nakazawa, “Depth-fused 3-D (DFD) display with multiple viewing zones,” Proc. SPIE 6778, 677817, 677817-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Sullivan, “DepthCube solid-state 3D volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 279–284 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Fehn, “Depth-image-based rendering (DIBR), compression and transmission for a new approach on 3D-TV,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 93–104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vision Res. (1)

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, and S. Sakai, “Apparent 3-D image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-D images displayed at different depths,” Vision Res. 44(8), 785–793 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conversion of depth map into PDDM

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Property of polarization-selective scattering film

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulation of polarization scattering film and polarization switching device (a) scattering ratio of Imajor films in two-layered DFD system, (b) characteristic of angular rotation according to given gray level in polarization switching device, (c) perceived depth in a two-layered DFD system using PDDM

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of depth position (a) experimental setup, (b) schematic diagram of depth position measurement

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Result of depth comparison experiment (a) luminance properties of front and rear layer, (b) perceived depth by subjects

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup for DFD system using PDDM

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Result of experimental setup (a) letters imaged on front layer, (b) letters imaged on rear layer, (c) letters imaged on both front and rear layer, (d) ~(f) front view of (a) ~(c)

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Example of chess board image, (b) depth image of (a) without mapping of 2D image

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