Abstract

A diode-end-pumped dual-wavelength mode-locked laser based on Nd:LuYSiO5 crystal is demonstrated. With a SESAM, simultaneous mode locking at the 1075.8 nm and 1078.1 nm is achieved and the dual-wavelength mode locked pulses have a pulse width of 8.9 ps. Due to frequency beating, ultrahigh repetition rate ultrafast pulses with 997 fs pulse width and 0.59 THz repetition rate are further formed. Under 12.7 W absorbed pump power 1.7 W mode-locked output power was obtained, the slope efficiency of the mode locked laser was 24.3%.

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  1. M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode-locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Evans, D. E. Spence, D. Burns, and W. Sibbett, “Dual-wavelength self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(13), 1074 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. H. Knox and F. A. Beisser, “Two-wavelength synchronous generation of femtosecond pulses with <100-fs jitter,” Opt. Lett. 17(14), 1012–1014 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. R. Dykaar, S. B. Darack, and W. H. Knox, “Cross-locking dynamics in a two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 19(14), 1058–1060 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. J. Zhu, J. F. He, and S. C. Wang, “Generation of synchronized femtosecond and picosecond pulses in a dual-wavelength femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 561–563 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Leitenstorfer, C. Fürst, and A. Laubereau, “Widely tunable two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with pulse jitter of less than 2 fs,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 916–918 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. R. X. de Barros and P. C. Becker, “Two-color synchronously mode-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(8), 631 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. R. Dykaar and S. B. Darack, “Sticky pulses: two-color cross-mode-locked femtosecond operation of a single Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(8), 634 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, Z. Zhang, and K. Torizuka, “Generation of two-color femtosecond pulses by self-synchronizing Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Opt. Lett. 26(22), 1806–1808 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. E. Sorokin, M. H. Ober, I. Sorokina, E. Wintner, A. J. Schmidt, A. I. Zagumennyi, G. B. Loutts, E. W. Zharikov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Femtosecond solid-state lasers using Nd3+-doped mixed scandium garnets,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10(8), 1436 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. L. Wang and C. L. Pan, “Tunable multiterahertz beat signal generation from a two-wavelength laser-diode array,” Opt. Lett. 20(11), 1292–1294 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Bunch of restless vector solitons in a fiber laser with SESAM,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8103–8108 (2009).
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2010

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength diode-pumped Nd:LGGG picosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 135–140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshioka, S. Nakamura, T. Ogawa, and S. Wada, “Dual-wavelength mode-locked Yb:YAG ceramic laser in single cavity,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1479–1486 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, W. W. Wang, C. C. Liu, X. W. Fan, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped self-mode-locking Yb:LYSO laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 104 (2010).

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, D. H. Zhou, S. D. Zhuang, Z. P. Wang, C. T. Xia, F. Wu, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and laser demonstration of laser crystal Nd:LYSO,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 798–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

S. X. Xu, W. X. Li, Q. Hao, H. Zhai, and H. P. Zeng, “Efficient laser-diode end-pumped passively Q-switched mode-locked Yb:LYSO laser based on SESAM,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(2), 548–551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2005

2001

1997

M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode-locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

1993

1992

Agnesi, A.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength diode-pumped Nd:LGGG picosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 135–140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Arcangeli, A.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength diode-pumped Nd:LGGG picosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 135–140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

Beisser, F. A.

Brickeen, B. K.

Burns, D.

Darack, S. B.

de Barros, M. R. X.

Du, J.

Dykaar, D. R.

Evans, J. M.

Fan, X. W.

J. Liu, W. W. Wang, C. C. Liu, X. W. Fan, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped self-mode-locking Yb:LYSO laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 104 (2010).

Fürst, C.

Geathers, E.

Hao, Q.

S. X. Xu, W. X. Li, Q. Hao, H. Zhai, and H. P. Zeng, “Efficient laser-diode end-pumped passively Q-switched mode-locked Yb:LYSO laser based on SESAM,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(2), 548–551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Hao, W. X. Li, and H. P. Zeng, “Double-clad fiber amplifier for broadband tunable ytterbium-doped oxyorthosilicates lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16754–16759 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, J. F.

Jia, Z.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength diode-pumped Nd:LGGG picosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 135–140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

Knox, W. H.

Kobayashi, Y.

Laubereau, A.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Li, D. Z.

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, D. H. Zhou, S. D. Zhuang, Z. P. Wang, C. T. Xia, F. Wu, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and laser demonstration of laser crystal Nd:LYSO,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 798–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, R. X.

Li, W. X.

S. X. Xu, W. X. Li, Q. Hao, H. Zhai, and H. P. Zeng, “Efficient laser-diode end-pumped passively Q-switched mode-locked Yb:LYSO laser based on SESAM,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(2), 548–551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Hao, W. X. Li, and H. P. Zeng, “Double-clad fiber amplifier for broadband tunable ytterbium-doped oxyorthosilicates lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16754–16759 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, X. Y.

Liu, C. C.

J. Liu, W. W. Wang, C. C. Liu, X. W. Fan, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped self-mode-locking Yb:LYSO laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 104 (2010).

Liu, H. F.

M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode-locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, W. W. Wang, C. C. Liu, X. W. Fan, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped self-mode-locking Yb:LYSO laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 104 (2010).

Loutts, G. B.

Luo, H.

Nakamura, S.

Novak, D.

M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode-locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ober, M. H.

Ogawa, T.

Ogawa, Y.

M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode-locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C. L.

Pelusi, M. D.

M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode-locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pirzio, F.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength diode-pumped Nd:LGGG picosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 135–140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L. J.

Reali, G.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength diode-pumped Nd:LGGG picosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 135–140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, A. J.

Shcherbakov, I. A.

Sibbett, W.

Sorokin, E.

Sorokina, I.

Spence, D. E.

Su, L. B.

J. Liu, W. W. Wang, C. C. Liu, X. W. Fan, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped self-mode-locking Yb:LYSO laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 104 (2010).

J. Du, X. Y. Liang, Y. Xu, R. X. Li, G. J. Zhao, C. F. Yan, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, “Diode-pumped efficient laser action of Yb3+: LYSO crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 172 (2007).

Tang, D. Y.

Tao, X.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength diode-pumped Nd:LGGG picosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 135–140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X. T.

Tonelli, M.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength diode-pumped Nd:LGGG picosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 135–140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, K.

Wada, S.

Wang, C. L.

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, S. C.

Wang, W. W.

J. Liu, W. W. Wang, C. C. Liu, X. W. Fan, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped self-mode-locking Yb:LYSO laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 104 (2010).

Wang, Z. P.

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, D. H. Zhou, S. D. Zhuang, Z. P. Wang, C. T. Xia, F. Wu, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and laser demonstration of laser crystal Nd:LYSO,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 798–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

Wintner, E.

Wu, F.

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, D. H. Zhou, S. D. Zhuang, Z. P. Wang, C. T. Xia, F. Wu, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and laser demonstration of laser crystal Nd:LYSO,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 798–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

Xia, C. T.

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, D. H. Zhou, S. D. Zhuang, Z. P. Wang, C. T. Xia, F. Wu, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and laser demonstration of laser crystal Nd:LYSO,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 798–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xie, G. Q.

Xu, J.

J. Liu, W. W. Wang, C. C. Liu, X. W. Fan, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped self-mode-locking Yb:LYSO laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 104 (2010).

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, D. H. Zhou, S. D. Zhuang, Z. P. Wang, C. T. Xia, F. Wu, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and laser demonstration of laser crystal Nd:LYSO,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 798–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Du, X. Y. Liang, Y. Xu, R. X. Li, G. J. Zhao, C. F. Yan, L. B. Su, J. Xu, and Z. Z. Xu, “Diode-pumped efficient laser action of Yb3+: LYSO crystal,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 172 (2007).

Xu, S. X.

S. X. Xu, W. X. Li, Q. Hao, H. Zhai, and H. P. Zeng, “Efficient laser-diode end-pumped passively Q-switched mode-locked Yb:LYSO laser based on SESAM,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(2), 548–551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. D.

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, D. H. Zhou, S. D. Zhuang, Z. P. Wang, C. T. Xia, F. Wu, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and laser demonstration of laser crystal Nd:LYSO,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 798–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

Xu, Z. Z.

Yagi, T.

Yan, C. F.

Yoshioka, H.

Yu, H. H.

Zagumennyi, A. I.

Zeng, H. P.

S. X. Xu, W. X. Li, Q. Hao, H. Zhai, and H. P. Zeng, “Efficient laser-diode end-pumped passively Q-switched mode-locked Yb:LYSO laser based on SESAM,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(2), 548–551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Hao, W. X. Li, and H. P. Zeng, “Double-clad fiber amplifier for broadband tunable ytterbium-doped oxyorthosilicates lasers,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16754–16759 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhai, H.

S. X. Xu, W. X. Li, Q. Hao, H. Zhai, and H. P. Zeng, “Efficient laser-diode end-pumped passively Q-switched mode-locked Yb:LYSO laser based on SESAM,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(2), 548–551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, G. J.

Zhao, L. M.

Zharikov, E. W.

Zheng, L. H.

J. Liu, W. W. Wang, C. C. Liu, X. W. Fan, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped self-mode-locking Yb:LYSO laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 104 (2010).

Zhou, D. H.

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, D. H. Zhou, S. D. Zhuang, Z. P. Wang, C. T. Xia, F. Wu, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and laser demonstration of laser crystal Nd:LYSO,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 798–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C. J.

Zhuang, S. D.

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, D. H. Zhou, S. D. Zhuang, Z. P. Wang, C. T. Xia, F. Wu, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and laser demonstration of laser crystal Nd:LYSO,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 798–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength diode-pumped Nd:LGGG picosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1-2), 135–140 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. D. Pelusi, H. F. Liu, D. Novak, and Y. Ogawa, “THz optical beat frequency generation from a single mode-locked semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(4), 449 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett.

Chin. Phys. Lett.

S. X. Xu, W. X. Li, Q. Hao, H. Zhai, and H. P. Zeng, “Efficient laser-diode end-pumped passively Q-switched mode-locked Yb:LYSO laser based on SESAM,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(2), 548–551 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Phys. Lett.

J. Liu, W. W. Wang, C. C. Liu, X. W. Fan, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Efficient diode-pumped self-mode-locking Yb:LYSO laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 104 (2010).

D. Z. Li, X. D. Xu, D. H. Zhou, S. D. Zhuang, Z. P. Wang, C. T. Xia, F. Wu, and J. Xu, “Crystal growth, spectral properties, and laser demonstration of laser crystal Nd:LYSO,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 798–804 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

C. L. Wang and C. L. Pan, “Tunable multiterahertz beat signal generation from a two-wavelength laser-diode array,” Opt. Lett. 20(11), 1292–1294 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Evans, D. E. Spence, D. Burns, and W. Sibbett, “Dual-wavelength self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(13), 1074 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Knox and F. A. Beisser, “Two-wavelength synchronous generation of femtosecond pulses with <100-fs jitter,” Opt. Lett. 17(14), 1012–1014 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Dykaar, S. B. Darack, and W. H. Knox, “Cross-locking dynamics in a two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 19(14), 1058–1060 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Zhu, J. F. He, and S. C. Wang, “Generation of synchronized femtosecond and picosecond pulses in a dual-wavelength femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 561–563 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Leitenstorfer, C. Fürst, and A. Laubereau, “Widely tunable two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with pulse jitter of less than 2 fs,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 916–918 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. X. de Barros and P. C. Becker, “Two-color synchronously mode-locked femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(8), 631 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Dykaar and S. B. Darack, “Sticky pulses: two-color cross-mode-locked femtosecond operation of a single Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(8), 634 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, Z. Zhang, and K. Torizuka, “Generation of two-color femtosecond pulses by self-synchronizing Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Opt. Lett. 26(22), 1806–1808 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang and T. Yagi, “Dual-wavelength synchronous operation of a mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser based on self-spectrum splitting,” Opt. Lett. 18(24), 2126 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement of the diode-pumped Nd:LYSO mode-locked laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The output power of the Nd:LYSO CW laser and mode-locked laser with respect to the 811 nm pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The pulses temporal behavior of the 1080.2 nm mode-locked laser. (a) with time span of 100 ns (b) with time span of 10 ms.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectrum for the Nd:LYSO mode-locked laser at 1075.8 nm and 1078.1 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Autocorrelation trace of the Nd:LYSO mode-locked pulses. (a) in a long time range (b) in a short time range.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The calculated beat pulse traces (a1-a3) and corresponding autocorrelation traces (b1-b3) with different intensity ratio I 1 / I 2 and pulse width ratio W 1 / W 2

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