Abstract

Asymmetric 2D photonic crystals were fabricated using polymer embedded PbS quantum dots on plastic substrates for enhancing optical down conversion efficiency from blue to near infrared wavelengths through enhanced extraction and excitation effects. We demonstrate 8x improvement of QD emission at normal incidence extraction from enhanced extraction and 2.5x improvement in power conversion efficiency from enhanced excitation.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. D. Graham-Rowe, “From dots to devices,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 307–309 (2009).
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  2. V. Sukhovatkin, S. Hinds, L. Brzozowski, and E. H. Sargent, “Colloidal quantum-dot photodetectors exploiting multiexciton generation,” Science 324(5934), 1542–1544 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. A. McDonald, G. Konstantatos, S. G. Zhang, P. W. Cyr, E. J. D. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed PbS quantum dot infrared photodetectors and photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 4(2), 138–142 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. V. Aroutiounian, S. Petrosyan, A. Khachatryan, and K. Touryan, “Quantum dot solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(4), 2268–2271 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. L. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. C. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Inkjet-Printed Quantum Dot-Polymer Composites for Full-Color AC-Driven Displays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 21(21), 2151–2155 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Barth, A. Gruber, and F. Cichos, “Spectral and angular redistribution of photoluminescence near a photonic stop band,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085129 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1116–1120 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, P. C. Mathias, W. Zhang, E. Chow, V. Malyarchuk, and B. T. Cunningham, “Leaky-mode assisted fluorescence extraction: application to fluorescence enhancement biosensors,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21626–21640 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(8), 515–520 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Yang, G. Yen, and B. T. Cunningham, “Voltage-tuned resonant reflectance optical filter for visible wavelengths fabricated by nanoreplica molding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261109 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. Yang, G. Yen, and B. T. Cunningham, “Integrated 2D photonic crystal stack filter fabricated using nanoreplica molding,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11846–11858 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. www.srubiosystems.com .
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    [CrossRef]
  20. N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, and B. T. Cunningham, “Near ultraviolet-wavelength photonic-crystal biosensor with enhanced surface-to-bulk sensitivity ratio,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 023901 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. J. Peterson and T. D. Krauss, “Photobrightening and photodarkening in PbS quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3851–3856 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2009 (7)

D. Graham-Rowe, “From dots to devices,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 307–309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Sukhovatkin, S. Hinds, L. Brzozowski, and E. H. Sargent, “Colloidal quantum-dot photodetectors exploiting multiexciton generation,” Science 324(5934), 1542–1544 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. L. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. C. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Inkjet-Printed Quantum Dot-Polymer Composites for Full-Color AC-Driven Displays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 21(21), 2151–2155 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

F. Yang, G. Yen, and B. T. Cunningham, “Voltage-tuned resonant reflectance optical filter for visible wavelengths fabricated by nanoreplica molding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(8), 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1116–1120 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Photonic crystal optical biosensor incorporating structured low-index porous dielectric,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(1), 187–193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, and B. T. Cunningham, “Near ultraviolet-wavelength photonic-crystal biosensor with enhanced surface-to-bulk sensitivity ratio,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 023901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Peterson and T. D. Krauss, “Photobrightening and photodarkening in PbS quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3851–3856 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth, A. Gruber, and F. Cichos, “Spectral and angular redistribution of photoluminescence near a photonic stop band,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. McDonald, G. Konstantatos, S. G. Zhang, P. W. Cyr, E. J. D. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed PbS quantum dot infrared photodetectors and photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 4(2), 138–142 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

V. Aroutiounian, S. Petrosyan, A. Khachatryan, and K. Touryan, “Quantum dot solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(4), 2268–2271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Anikeeva, P. O.

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arakawa, Y.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aroutiounian, V.

V. Aroutiounian, S. Petrosyan, A. Khachatryan, and K. Touryan, “Quantum dot solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(4), 2268–2271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Banin, U.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barth, M.

M. Barth, A. Gruber, and F. Cichos, “Spectral and angular redistribution of photoluminescence near a photonic stop band,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M. C.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. L. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. C. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Inkjet-Printed Quantum Dot-Polymer Composites for Full-Color AC-Driven Displays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 21(21), 2151–2155 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M. G.

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bisquert, J.

S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Block, I. D.

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, P. C. Mathias, W. Zhang, E. Chow, V. Malyarchuk, and B. T. Cunningham, “Leaky-mode assisted fluorescence extraction: application to fluorescence enhancement biosensors,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21626–21640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Photonic crystal optical biosensor incorporating structured low-index porous dielectric,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(1), 187–193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, and B. T. Cunningham, “Near ultraviolet-wavelength photonic-crystal biosensor with enhanced surface-to-bulk sensitivity ratio,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 023901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, M. S.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. L. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. C. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Inkjet-Printed Quantum Dot-Polymer Composites for Full-Color AC-Driven Displays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 21(21), 2151–2155 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brzozowski, L.

V. Sukhovatkin, S. Hinds, L. Brzozowski, and E. H. Sargent, “Colloidal quantum-dot photodetectors exploiting multiexciton generation,” Science 324(5934), 1542–1544 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bulovic, V.

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. L. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. C. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Inkjet-Printed Quantum Dot-Polymer Composites for Full-Color AC-Driven Displays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 21(21), 2151–2155 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chan, L. L.

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Photonic crystal optical biosensor incorporating structured low-index porous dielectric,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(1), 187–193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. L.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. L. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. C. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Inkjet-Printed Quantum Dot-Polymer Composites for Full-Color AC-Driven Displays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 21(21), 2151–2155 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cho, K. S.

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Choi, B. L.

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chow, E.

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, P. C. Mathias, W. Zhang, E. Chow, V. Malyarchuk, and B. T. Cunningham, “Leaky-mode assisted fluorescence extraction: application to fluorescence enhancement biosensors,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21626–21640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(8), 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cichos, F.

M. Barth, A. Gruber, and F. Cichos, “Spectral and angular redistribution of photoluminescence near a photonic stop band,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, B. T.

F. Yang, G. Yen, and B. T. Cunningham, “Integrated 2D photonic crystal stack filter fabricated using nanoreplica molding,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11846–11858 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, P. C. Mathias, W. Zhang, E. Chow, V. Malyarchuk, and B. T. Cunningham, “Leaky-mode assisted fluorescence extraction: application to fluorescence enhancement biosensors,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21626–21640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(8), 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Yang, G. Yen, and B. T. Cunningham, “Voltage-tuned resonant reflectance optical filter for visible wavelengths fabricated by nanoreplica molding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Photonic crystal optical biosensor incorporating structured low-index porous dielectric,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(1), 187–193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, and B. T. Cunningham, “Near ultraviolet-wavelength photonic-crystal biosensor with enhanced surface-to-bulk sensitivity ratio,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 023901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cyr, P. W.

S. A. McDonald, G. Konstantatos, S. G. Zhang, P. W. Cyr, E. J. D. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed PbS quantum dot infrared photodetectors and photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 4(2), 138–142 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

David, A.

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1116–1120 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Descrovi, E.

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Diana, F. S.

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1116–1120 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diguna, L. J.

S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Englund, D.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fattal, D.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedyanin, A. A.

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ganesh, N.

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, P. C. Mathias, W. Zhang, E. Chow, V. Malyarchuk, and B. T. Cunningham, “Leaky-mode assisted fluorescence extraction: application to fluorescence enhancement biosensors,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21626–21640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(8), 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, and B. T. Cunningham, “Near ultraviolet-wavelength photonic-crystal biosensor with enhanced surface-to-bulk sensitivity ratio,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 023901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Giménez, S.

S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giorgis, F.

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gómez, R.

S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Graham-Rowe, D.

D. Graham-Rowe, “From dots to devices,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 307–309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gruber, A.

M. Barth, A. Gruber, and F. Cichos, “Spectral and angular redistribution of photoluminescence near a photonic stop band,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guijarro, N.

S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halpert, J. E.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. L. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. C. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Inkjet-Printed Quantum Dot-Polymer Composites for Full-Color AC-Driven Displays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 21(21), 2151–2155 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, J. Y.

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hinds, S.

V. Sukhovatkin, S. Hinds, L. Brzozowski, and E. H. Sargent, “Colloidal quantum-dot photodetectors exploiting multiexciton generation,” Science 324(5934), 1542–1544 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, E.

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Joo, W. J.

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kan, S. H.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazes, M.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khachatryan, A.

V. Aroutiounian, S. Petrosyan, A. Khachatryan, and K. Touryan, “Quantum dot solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(4), 2268–2271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. K.

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. M.

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T. H.

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Klem, E. J. D.

S. A. McDonald, G. Konstantatos, S. G. Zhang, P. W. Cyr, E. J. D. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed PbS quantum dot infrared photodetectors and photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 4(2), 138–142 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konstantatos, G.

S. A. McDonald, G. Konstantatos, S. G. Zhang, P. W. Cyr, E. J. D. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed PbS quantum dot infrared photodetectors and photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 4(2), 138–142 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. D.

J. J. Peterson and T. D. Krauss, “Photobrightening and photodarkening in PbS quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3851–3856 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwon, S. J.

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lana-Villarreal, T.

S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, E. K.

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. J.

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Levina, L.

S. A. McDonald, G. Konstantatos, S. G. Zhang, P. W. Cyr, E. J. D. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed PbS quantum dot infrared photodetectors and photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 4(2), 138–142 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macor, L.

S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malyarchuk, V.

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, P. C. Mathias, W. Zhang, E. Chow, V. Malyarchuk, and B. T. Cunningham, “Leaky-mode assisted fluorescence extraction: application to fluorescence enhancement biosensors,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21626–21640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(8), 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mathias, P. C.

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, P. C. Mathias, W. Zhang, E. Chow, V. Malyarchuk, and B. T. Cunningham, “Leaky-mode assisted fluorescence extraction: application to fluorescence enhancement biosensors,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21626–21640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(8), 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

McDonald, S. A.

S. A. McDonald, G. Konstantatos, S. G. Zhang, P. W. Cyr, E. J. D. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed PbS quantum dot infrared photodetectors and photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 4(2), 138–142 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Medvedev, V.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meinel, I.

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1116–1120 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mora-Seró, I.

S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakamura, S.

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1116–1120 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakaoka, T.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panzer, M. J.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. L. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. C. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Inkjet-Printed Quantum Dot-Polymer Composites for Full-Color AC-Driven Displays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 21(21), 2151–2155 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, J. J.

J. J. Peterson and T. D. Krauss, “Photobrightening and photodarkening in PbS quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3851–3856 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petroff, P. M.

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1116–1120 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petrosyan, S.

V. Aroutiounian, S. Petrosyan, A. Khachatryan, and K. Touryan, “Quantum dot solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(4), 2268–2271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sargent, E. H.

V. Sukhovatkin, S. Hinds, L. Brzozowski, and E. H. Sargent, “Colloidal quantum-dot photodetectors exploiting multiexciton generation,” Science 324(5934), 1542–1544 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. McDonald, G. Konstantatos, S. G. Zhang, P. W. Cyr, E. J. D. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed PbS quantum dot infrared photodetectors and photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 4(2), 138–142 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharma, R.

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1116–1120 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, Q.

S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, A. D.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(8), 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soares, J. A. N. T.

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(8), 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soboleva, I. V.

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, G.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sukhovatkin, V.

V. Sukhovatkin, S. Hinds, L. Brzozowski, and E. H. Sargent, “Colloidal quantum-dot photodetectors exploiting multiexciton generation,” Science 324(5934), 1542–1544 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Summonte, C.

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tessler, N.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Touryan, K.

V. Aroutiounian, S. Petrosyan, A. Khachatryan, and K. Touryan, “Quantum dot solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(4), 2268–2271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Toyoda, T.

S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vuckovic, J.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waks, E.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weisbuch, C.

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1116–1120 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wood, V.

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. L. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. C. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Inkjet-Printed Quantum Dot-Polymer Composites for Full-Color AC-Driven Displays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 21(21), 2151–2155 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, F.

F. Yang, G. Yen, and B. T. Cunningham, “Integrated 2D photonic crystal stack filter fabricated using nanoreplica molding,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11846–11858 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Yang, G. Yen, and B. T. Cunningham, “Voltage-tuned resonant reflectance optical filter for visible wavelengths fabricated by nanoreplica molding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yen, G.

F. Yang, G. Yen, and B. T. Cunningham, “Integrated 2D photonic crystal stack filter fabricated using nanoreplica molding,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11846–11858 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Yang, G. Yen, and B. T. Cunningham, “Voltage-tuned resonant reflectance optical filter for visible wavelengths fabricated by nanoreplica molding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, S. G.

S. A. McDonald, G. Konstantatos, S. G. Zhang, P. W. Cyr, E. J. D. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed PbS quantum dot infrared photodetectors and photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 4(2), 138–142 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, P. C. Mathias, W. Zhang, E. Chow, V. Malyarchuk, and B. T. Cunningham, “Leaky-mode assisted fluorescence extraction: application to fluorescence enhancement biosensors,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21626–21640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(8), 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

V. Wood, M. J. Panzer, J. L. Chen, M. S. Bradley, J. E. Halpert, M. C. Bawendi, and V. Bulovic, “Inkjet-Printed Quantum Dot-Polymer Composites for Full-Color AC-Driven Displays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 21(21), 2151–2155 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Yang, G. Yen, and B. T. Cunningham, “Voltage-tuned resonant reflectance optical filter for visible wavelengths fabricated by nanoreplica molding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 261109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, and B. T. Cunningham, “Near ultraviolet-wavelength photonic-crystal biosensor with enhanced surface-to-bulk sensitivity ratio,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(2), 023901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

V. Aroutiounian, S. Petrosyan, A. Khachatryan, and K. Touryan, “Quantum dot solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(4), 2268–2271 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (2)

P. O. Anikeeva, J. E. Halpert, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Quantum dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9(7), 2532–2536 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. S. Diana, A. David, I. Meinel, R. Sharma, C. Weisbuch, S. Nakamura, and P. M. Petroff, “Photonic crystal-assisted light extraction from a colloidal quantum dot/GaN hybrid structure,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1116–1120 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

S. Giménez, I. Mora-Seró, L. Macor, N. Guijarro, T. Lana-Villarreal, R. Gómez, L. J. Diguna, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, and J. Bisquert, “Improving the performance of colloidal quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells,” Nanotechnology 20(29), 295204 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

S. A. McDonald, G. Konstantatos, S. G. Zhang, P. W. Cyr, E. J. D. Klem, L. Levina, and E. H. Sargent, “Solution-processed PbS quantum dot infrared photodetectors and photovoltaics,” Nat. Mater. 4(2), 138–142 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 2(8), 515–520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

D. Graham-Rowe, “From dots to devices,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 307–309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Cho, E. K. Lee, W. J. Joo, E. Jang, T. H. Kim, S. J. Lee, S. J. Kwon, J. Y. Han, B. K. Kim, B. L. Choi, and J. M. Kim, “High-performance crosslinked colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 341–345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. J. Peterson and T. D. Krauss, “Photobrightening and photodarkening in PbS quantum dots,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8(33), 3851–3856 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Barth, A. Gruber, and F. Cichos, “Spectral and angular redistribution of photoluminescence near a photonic stop band,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. H. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Sukhovatkin, S. Hinds, L. Brzozowski, and E. H. Sargent, “Colloidal quantum-dot photodetectors exploiting multiexciton generation,” Science 324(5934), 1542–1544 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (1)

I. D. Block, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Photonic crystal optical biosensor incorporating structured low-index porous dielectric,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 120(1), 187–193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Top and side cross section schematic view of the 2D asymmetric photonic crystal. The period is Λ1 = 520 nm in x direction and Λ2 = 220 nm in y direction. Modulation depth is d = 130 nm and TiO2 thickness is 100 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

RWCA simulation results of the PC leaky mode band diagram at (a) excitation wavelength range and (b) extraction wavelength range.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

RWCA simulations of (a) TE mode y-polarized electric field at λ = 888 nm and (b) TM mode z-polarized electric field at λ = 848 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Process flow diagram of nanoreplica molding process of 2D photonic crystal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SEM images of (a) silicon master from step (1) of Fig. 4 and (b) photonic crystal nanoreplica mold from step (4) of Fig. 4. No defects seen in SEM image of nanoreplica mold, and photonic crystal dimensions are well preserved from nanoreplica molding.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Angle resolved fluorescence setup used to characterize the emission properties of QD in the PC device. The excitation angle θ and the extraction angle φ are both adjustable. Enhanced extraction experiment is performed by varying the extraction angle φ while keeping the excitation angle θ constant. Enhanced excitation experiment is performed by varying the excitation angle θ while keeping the extraction angle φ constant.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Experimental photonic band diagram for the PC device and (b) the corresponding angle resolved emission spectrum of QD in the PC device.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Emission from QD at normal incidence extraction angle for QD in the PC device (red) and QD with no PC (blue). The enhanced extraction is about eight times at the emission peak of λ = 865 nm.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Transmission spectrum of the PC device at 5.5 degrees oblique incidence overlaid with the emission laser of the excitation laser. Good spectral overlap is observed at λ = 457nm at this excitation angle which satisfies the enhanced excitation condition.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Peak emission fluorescence intensity for λ = 856 nm at normal incidence extraction angle for varying excitation angle. An increase in fluorescence intensity is observed at the resonant excitation angle condition.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Power conversion efficiency measured using an integrating sphere and at varying excitation angles. The PC improves the conversion efficiency over 2.5x through the enhanced excitation effect.

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