Abstract

In this paper, we report intense electromagnetic wave emissions generated by the rectangular mesa structure of intrinsic Josephson junctions with high-Tc superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ. The radiated power is an order of magnitude stronger than that of the previously observed power of a few μW. Two emission regions, reversible (R-type) and irreversible (IR-type), with comparable intensities can be observed at different I-V curve locations in the same mesa. We find peculiar temperature dependences of the emission power in both the R- and IR-type radiations, suggesting that a non-equilibrium thermodynamic state may be realized through the dc input current. The R-type emission is quite stable, whereas the IR-type emission is rather unstable. Although the emitted frequency for both cases obey the cavity resonance conditions, this sharp contrast in emission stability is indicative of two different states in a multi-stacked intrinsic Josephson junction system.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. R. Kleiner, F. Steinmeyer, G. Kunkel, and P. Müller, “Intrinsic Josephson effects in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(15), 2394–2397 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. Oya, N. Aoyama, A. Irie, S. Kishida, and H. Tokutaka, “Observation of Josephson junctionlike behavior in single-crystal (Bi,Pb)2Sr2CaCu2Oy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(Part 2, No. 7A), L829–L831 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Kleiner and P. Müller, “Intrinsic Josephson effects in high-Tc superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 49(2), 1327–1341 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Tachiki, T. Koyama, and S. Takahashi, “Electromagnetic phenomena related to a low-frequency plasma in cuprate superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 50(10), 7065–7084 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Koyama and M. Tachiki, “Plasma excitation by vortex flow,” Solid State Commun. 96(6), 367–371 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Tachiki, M. Iizuka, K. Minami, S. Tejima, and H. Nakamura, “Emission of continuous coherent terahertz wave with tunable frequency by intrinsic Josephson junctions,” Phys. Rev. B 71(13), 134515 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Savel’ev, V. Yampol’skii, A. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Generation of tunable terahertz out-of-plane radiation using Josephson vortices in modulated layered superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 72(14), 144515 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. N. Bulaevskii and A. E. Koshelev, “Radiation from a single Josephson junction into free space due to Josephson oscillations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 267001 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Lin and X. Hu, “Possible dynamic state in inductively coupled intrinsic Josephson junctions of layered high-Tc superconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 247006 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. E. Koshelev and L. N. Bulaevskii, “Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction states with laterally modulated Josephson critical current,” Phys. Rev. B 77(1), 014530 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. L. Rakhmanov, S. E. Savel’ev, and F. Nori, “Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks in a magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. B 79(18), 184504 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Savel’ev, V. A. Yampol’skii, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Terahertz Josephson plasma waves in layered superconductors: spectrum, generation, nonlinear and quantum phenomena,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 73(2), 026501 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M.-H. Bae, H.-J. Lee, and J.-H. Choi, “Josephson-vortex-flow terahertz emission in layered high-Tc superconducting single crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(2), 027002 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. E. Kume, I. Iguchi, and H. Takahashi, “On-chip spectroscopic detection of terahertz radiation emitted from a quasiparticle-injected nonequilibrium superconductor using a high-Tc Josephson junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(18), 2809 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Lee, W. Wang, I. Iguchi, M. Tachiki, K. Hirata, and T. Mochiku, “Josephson plasma emission from Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy intrinsic junctions due to quasiparticle injection,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3616–3619 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. E. Batov, X. Y. Jin, S. V. Shitov, Y. Koval, P. Müller, and A. V. Ustinov, “Detection of 0.5 THz radiation from intrinsic Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 Josephson junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(26), 262504 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. M. Krasnov, A. Yurgens, D. Winkler, and P. Delsing, “Self-heating in small mesa structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(10), 5578 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Minami, N. Orita, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Continuous and reversible operation of Bi2212 based THz emitters just below Tc,” Physica C 470, S822–S823 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  21. H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, J. Yuan, A. Iishi, S. Arisawa, T. Hatano, T. Yamashita, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Hot spots and waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks: a study by low temperature scanning laser microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(1), 017006 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  24. K. Kadowaki, M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, and R. A. Klemm, “Evidence for dual-source mechanism of THz radiation from rectangular mesa of single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ intrinsic Josephson junctions,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79(2), 023703 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  26. K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  27. H. Minami, I. Kakeya, H. Yamaguchi, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Characteristics of terahertz radiation emitted from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 232511 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, K. Deguchi, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, and R. A. Klemm, “Geometrical resonance conditions for THz radiation from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ).,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(3), 037005 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Terahertz radiation generated from cylindrical mesas of Bi2212,” Physica C 470, S779–S781 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  30. K. Yamaki, M. Tsujimoto, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Magnetic field effects on THz radiation from rectangular shape Bi2212 IJJ’s,” Physica C 470, S804–S805 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  31. N. Orita, H. Minami, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Synchronized operation of two serially connected Bi2212 THz emitters,” Physica C 470, S786–S787 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  32. T. Kshiwagi at University of Tsukuba is preparing a manuscript to be called, “Geometrical full-wavelength resonance mode generating terahertz waves from a single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ rectangular mesa.”
  33. T. Mochiku and K. Kadowaki, “Growth and properties of Bi2Sr2(Ca,Y)Cu2O8+δ single crystals,” Physica C 235–240, 523 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  34. V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Nonuniform self-organized dynamical states in superconductors with periodic pinning,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 127004 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Negative differential resistivity in superconductors with periodic arrays of pinning sites,” Phys. Rev. B 75(2), 024509 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (8)

S. Savel’ev, V. A. Yampol’skii, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Terahertz Josephson plasma waves in layered superconductors: spectrum, generation, nonlinear and quantum phenomena,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 73(2), 026501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Minami, N. Orita, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Continuous and reversible operation of Bi2212 based THz emitters just below Tc,” Physica C 470, S822–S823 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kadowaki, M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, and R. A. Klemm, “Evidence for dual-source mechanism of THz radiation from rectangular mesa of single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ intrinsic Josephson junctions,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79(2), 023703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, K. Deguchi, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, and R. A. Klemm, “Geometrical resonance conditions for THz radiation from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ).,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(3), 037005 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Terahertz radiation generated from cylindrical mesas of Bi2212,” Physica C 470, S779–S781 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamaki, M. Tsujimoto, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Magnetic field effects on THz radiation from rectangular shape Bi2212 IJJ’s,” Physica C 470, S804–S805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Orita, H. Minami, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Synchronized operation of two serially connected Bi2212 THz emitters,” Physica C 470, S786–S787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Minami, I. Kakeya, H. Yamaguchi, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Characteristics of terahertz radiation emitted from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 232511 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, J. Yuan, A. Iishi, S. Arisawa, T. Hatano, T. Yamashita, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Hot spots and waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks: a study by low temperature scanning laser microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(1), 017006 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Rakhmanov, S. E. Savel’ev, and F. Nori, “Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks in a magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. B 79(18), 184504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

S. Lin and X. Hu, “Possible dynamic state in inductively coupled intrinsic Josephson junctions of layered high-Tc superconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 247006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Koshelev and L. N. Bulaevskii, “Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction states with laterally modulated Josephson critical current,” Phys. Rev. B 77(1), 014530 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Negative differential resistivity in superconductors with periodic arrays of pinning sites,” Phys. Rev. B 75(2), 024509 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M.-H. Bae, H.-J. Lee, and J.-H. Choi, “Josephson-vortex-flow terahertz emission in layered high-Tc superconducting single crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(2), 027002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

I. E. Batov, X. Y. Jin, S. V. Shitov, Y. Koval, P. Müller, and A. V. Ustinov, “Detection of 0.5 THz radiation from intrinsic Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 Josephson junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(26), 262504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Bulaevskii and A. E. Koshelev, “Radiation from a single Josephson junction into free space due to Josephson oscillations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 267001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Nonuniform self-organized dynamical states in superconductors with periodic pinning,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 127004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

M. Tachiki, M. Iizuka, K. Minami, S. Tejima, and H. Nakamura, “Emission of continuous coherent terahertz wave with tunable frequency by intrinsic Josephson junctions,” Phys. Rev. B 71(13), 134515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Savel’ev, V. Yampol’skii, A. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Generation of tunable terahertz out-of-plane radiation using Josephson vortices in modulated layered superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 72(14), 144515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

V. M. Krasnov, A. Yurgens, D. Winkler, and P. Delsing, “Self-heating in small mesa structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(10), 5578 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

K. Lee, W. Wang, I. Iguchi, M. Tachiki, K. Hirata, and T. Mochiku, “Josephson plasma emission from Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy intrinsic junctions due to quasiparticle injection,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3616–3619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

E. Kume, I. Iguchi, and H. Takahashi, “On-chip spectroscopic detection of terahertz radiation emitted from a quasiparticle-injected nonequilibrium superconductor using a high-Tc Josephson junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(18), 2809 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Koyama and M. Tachiki, “Plasma excitation by vortex flow,” Solid State Commun. 96(6), 367–371 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

R. Kleiner and P. Müller, “Intrinsic Josephson effects in high-Tc superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 49(2), 1327–1341 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tachiki, T. Koyama, and S. Takahashi, “Electromagnetic phenomena related to a low-frequency plasma in cuprate superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 50(10), 7065–7084 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Mochiku and K. Kadowaki, “Growth and properties of Bi2Sr2(Ca,Y)Cu2O8+δ single crystals,” Physica C 235–240, 523 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

R. Kleiner, F. Steinmeyer, G. Kunkel, and P. Müller, “Intrinsic Josephson effects in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(15), 2394–2397 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Oya, N. Aoyama, A. Irie, S. Kishida, and H. Tokutaka, “Observation of Josephson junctionlike behavior in single-crystal (Bi,Pb)2Sr2CaCu2Oy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(Part 2, No. 7A), L829–L831 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Aoyama, N.

G. Oya, N. Aoyama, A. Irie, S. Kishida, and H. Tokutaka, “Observation of Josephson junctionlike behavior in single-crystal (Bi,Pb)2Sr2CaCu2Oy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(Part 2, No. 7A), L829–L831 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Arisawa, S.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, J. Yuan, A. Iishi, S. Arisawa, T. Hatano, T. Yamashita, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Hot spots and waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks: a study by low temperature scanning laser microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(1), 017006 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bae, M.-H.

M.-H. Bae, H.-J. Lee, and J.-H. Choi, “Josephson-vortex-flow terahertz emission in layered high-Tc superconducting single crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(2), 027002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Batov, I. E.

I. E. Batov, X. Y. Jin, S. V. Shitov, Y. Koval, P. Müller, and A. V. Ustinov, “Detection of 0.5 THz radiation from intrinsic Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 Josephson junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(26), 262504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bulaevskii, L. N.

A. E. Koshelev and L. N. Bulaevskii, “Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction states with laterally modulated Josephson critical current,” Phys. Rev. B 77(1), 014530 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Bulaevskii and A. E. Koshelev, “Radiation from a single Josephson junction into free space due to Josephson oscillations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 267001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choi, J.-H.

M.-H. Bae, H.-J. Lee, and J.-H. Choi, “Josephson-vortex-flow terahertz emission in layered high-Tc superconducting single crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(2), 027002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deguchi, K.

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, K. Deguchi, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, and R. A. Klemm, “Geometrical resonance conditions for THz radiation from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ).,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(3), 037005 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delsing, P.

V. M. Krasnov, A. Yurgens, D. Winkler, and P. Delsing, “Self-heating in small mesa structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(10), 5578 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gopalsami, N.

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gray, K. E.

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gross, B.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grünzweig, M.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guénon, S.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, J. Yuan, A. Iishi, S. Arisawa, T. Hatano, T. Yamashita, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Hot spots and waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks: a study by low temperature scanning laser microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(1), 017006 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hatano, T.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, J. Yuan, A. Iishi, S. Arisawa, T. Hatano, T. Yamashita, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Hot spots and waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks: a study by low temperature scanning laser microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(1), 017006 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirata, K.

K. Lee, W. Wang, I. Iguchi, M. Tachiki, K. Hirata, and T. Mochiku, “Josephson plasma emission from Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy intrinsic junctions due to quasiparticle injection,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3616–3619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

S. Lin and X. Hu, “Possible dynamic state in inductively coupled intrinsic Josephson junctions of layered high-Tc superconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 247006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iguchi, I.

K. Lee, W. Wang, I. Iguchi, M. Tachiki, K. Hirata, and T. Mochiku, “Josephson plasma emission from Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy intrinsic junctions due to quasiparticle injection,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3616–3619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Kume, I. Iguchi, and H. Takahashi, “On-chip spectroscopic detection of terahertz radiation emitted from a quasiparticle-injected nonequilibrium superconductor using a high-Tc Josephson junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(18), 2809 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Iishi, A.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, J. Yuan, A. Iishi, S. Arisawa, T. Hatano, T. Yamashita, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Hot spots and waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks: a study by low temperature scanning laser microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(1), 017006 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iizuka, M.

M. Tachiki, M. Iizuka, K. Minami, S. Tejima, and H. Nakamura, “Emission of continuous coherent terahertz wave with tunable frequency by intrinsic Josephson junctions,” Phys. Rev. B 71(13), 134515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Irie, A.

G. Oya, N. Aoyama, A. Irie, S. Kishida, and H. Tokutaka, “Observation of Josephson junctionlike behavior in single-crystal (Bi,Pb)2Sr2CaCu2Oy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(Part 2, No. 7A), L829–L831 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z. G.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, X. Y.

I. E. Batov, X. Y. Jin, S. V. Shitov, Y. Koval, P. Müller, and A. V. Ustinov, “Detection of 0.5 THz radiation from intrinsic Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 Josephson junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(26), 262504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kadowaki, K.

H. Minami, N. Orita, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Continuous and reversible operation of Bi2212 based THz emitters just below Tc,” Physica C 470, S822–S823 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Orita, H. Minami, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Synchronized operation of two serially connected Bi2212 THz emitters,” Physica C 470, S786–S787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Terahertz radiation generated from cylindrical mesas of Bi2212,” Physica C 470, S779–S781 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, and R. A. Klemm, “Evidence for dual-source mechanism of THz radiation from rectangular mesa of single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ intrinsic Josephson junctions,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79(2), 023703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, K. Deguchi, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, and R. A. Klemm, “Geometrical resonance conditions for THz radiation from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ).,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(3), 037005 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamaki, M. Tsujimoto, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Magnetic field effects on THz radiation from rectangular shape Bi2212 IJJ’s,” Physica C 470, S804–S805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Minami, I. Kakeya, H. Yamaguchi, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Characteristics of terahertz radiation emitted from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 232511 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Mochiku and K. Kadowaki, “Growth and properties of Bi2Sr2(Ca,Y)Cu2O8+δ single crystals,” Physica C 235–240, 523 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kakeya, I.

H. Minami, I. Kakeya, H. Yamaguchi, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Characteristics of terahertz radiation emitted from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 232511 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kashiwagi, T.

K. Kadowaki, M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, and R. A. Klemm, “Evidence for dual-source mechanism of THz radiation from rectangular mesa of single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ intrinsic Josephson junctions,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79(2), 023703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, K. Deguchi, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, and R. A. Klemm, “Geometrical resonance conditions for THz radiation from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ).,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(3), 037005 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawamata, K.

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kishida, S.

G. Oya, N. Aoyama, A. Irie, S. Kishida, and H. Tokutaka, “Observation of Josephson junctionlike behavior in single-crystal (Bi,Pb)2Sr2CaCu2Oy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(Part 2, No. 7A), L829–L831 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kleiner, R.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, J. Yuan, A. Iishi, S. Arisawa, T. Hatano, T. Yamashita, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Hot spots and waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks: a study by low temperature scanning laser microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(1), 017006 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kleiner and P. Müller, “Intrinsic Josephson effects in high-Tc superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 49(2), 1327–1341 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kleiner, F. Steinmeyer, G. Kunkel, and P. Müller, “Intrinsic Josephson effects in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(15), 2394–2397 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klemm, R. A.

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, K. Deguchi, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, and R. A. Klemm, “Geometrical resonance conditions for THz radiation from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ).,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(3), 037005 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kadowaki, M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, and R. A. Klemm, “Evidence for dual-source mechanism of THz radiation from rectangular mesa of single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ intrinsic Josephson junctions,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79(2), 023703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koelle, D.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, J. Yuan, A. Iishi, S. Arisawa, T. Hatano, T. Yamashita, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Hot spots and waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks: a study by low temperature scanning laser microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(1), 017006 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koike, T.

N. Orita, H. Minami, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Synchronized operation of two serially connected Bi2212 THz emitters,” Physica C 470, S786–S787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Minami, N. Orita, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Continuous and reversible operation of Bi2212 based THz emitters just below Tc,” Physica C 470, S822–S823 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koshelev, A.

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koshelev, A. E.

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Koshelev and L. N. Bulaevskii, “Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction states with laterally modulated Josephson critical current,” Phys. Rev. B 77(1), 014530 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. N. Bulaevskii and A. E. Koshelev, “Radiation from a single Josephson junction into free space due to Josephson oscillations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 267001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koval, Y.

I. E. Batov, X. Y. Jin, S. V. Shitov, Y. Koval, P. Müller, and A. V. Ustinov, “Detection of 0.5 THz radiation from intrinsic Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 Josephson junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(26), 262504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, T.

T. Koyama and M. Tachiki, “Plasma excitation by vortex flow,” Solid State Commun. 96(6), 367–371 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Tachiki, T. Koyama, and S. Takahashi, “Electromagnetic phenomena related to a low-frequency plasma in cuprate superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 50(10), 7065–7084 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krasnov, V. M.

V. M. Krasnov, A. Yurgens, D. Winkler, and P. Delsing, “Self-heating in small mesa structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(10), 5578 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kume, E.

E. Kume, I. Iguchi, and H. Takahashi, “On-chip spectroscopic detection of terahertz radiation emitted from a quasiparticle-injected nonequilibrium superconductor using a high-Tc Josephson junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(18), 2809 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kunkel, G.

R. Kleiner, F. Steinmeyer, G. Kunkel, and P. Müller, “Intrinsic Josephson effects in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(15), 2394–2397 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurter, C.

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwok, W.-K.

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H.-J.

M.-H. Bae, H.-J. Lee, and J.-H. Choi, “Josephson-vortex-flow terahertz emission in layered high-Tc superconducting single crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(2), 027002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K.

K. Lee, W. Wang, I. Iguchi, M. Tachiki, K. Hirata, and T. Mochiku, “Josephson plasma emission from Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy intrinsic junctions due to quasiparticle injection,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3616–3619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, S.

S. Lin and X. Hu, “Possible dynamic state in inductively coupled intrinsic Josephson junctions of layered high-Tc superconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(24), 247006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minami, H.

H. Minami, N. Orita, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Continuous and reversible operation of Bi2212 based THz emitters just below Tc,” Physica C 470, S822–S823 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Orita, H. Minami, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Synchronized operation of two serially connected Bi2212 THz emitters,” Physica C 470, S786–S787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Terahertz radiation generated from cylindrical mesas of Bi2212,” Physica C 470, S779–S781 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, and R. A. Klemm, “Evidence for dual-source mechanism of THz radiation from rectangular mesa of single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ intrinsic Josephson junctions,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79(2), 023703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, K. Deguchi, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, and R. A. Klemm, “Geometrical resonance conditions for THz radiation from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ).,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(3), 037005 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamaki, M. Tsujimoto, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Magnetic field effects on THz radiation from rectangular shape Bi2212 IJJ’s,” Physica C 470, S804–S805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Minami, I. Kakeya, H. Yamaguchi, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Characteristics of terahertz radiation emitted from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 232511 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minami, K.

M. Tachiki, M. Iizuka, K. Minami, S. Tejima, and H. Nakamura, “Emission of continuous coherent terahertz wave with tunable frequency by intrinsic Josephson junctions,” Phys. Rev. B 71(13), 134515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Misko, V. R.

V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Negative differential resistivity in superconductors with periodic arrays of pinning sites,” Phys. Rev. B 75(2), 024509 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Nonuniform self-organized dynamical states in superconductors with periodic pinning,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 127004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mochiku, T.

K. Lee, W. Wang, I. Iguchi, M. Tachiki, K. Hirata, and T. Mochiku, “Josephson plasma emission from Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy intrinsic junctions due to quasiparticle injection,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3616–3619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Mochiku and K. Kadowaki, “Growth and properties of Bi2Sr2(Ca,Y)Cu2O8+δ single crystals,” Physica C 235–240, 523 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Müller, P.

I. E. Batov, X. Y. Jin, S. V. Shitov, Y. Koval, P. Müller, and A. V. Ustinov, “Detection of 0.5 THz radiation from intrinsic Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 Josephson junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(26), 262504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Kleiner and P. Müller, “Intrinsic Josephson effects in high-Tc superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 49(2), 1327–1341 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kleiner, F. Steinmeyer, G. Kunkel, and P. Müller, “Intrinsic Josephson effects in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(15), 2394–2397 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakamura, H.

M. Tachiki, M. Iizuka, K. Minami, S. Tejima, and H. Nakamura, “Emission of continuous coherent terahertz wave with tunable frequency by intrinsic Josephson junctions,” Phys. Rev. B 71(13), 134515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nori, F.

S. Savel’ev, V. A. Yampol’skii, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Terahertz Josephson plasma waves in layered superconductors: spectrum, generation, nonlinear and quantum phenomena,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 73(2), 026501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Rakhmanov, S. E. Savel’ev, and F. Nori, “Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks in a magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. B 79(18), 184504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Negative differential resistivity in superconductors with periodic arrays of pinning sites,” Phys. Rev. B 75(2), 024509 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Nonuniform self-organized dynamical states in superconductors with periodic pinning,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 127004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Savel’ev, V. Yampol’skii, A. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Generation of tunable terahertz out-of-plane radiation using Josephson vortices in modulated layered superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 72(14), 144515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Orita, N.

H. Minami, N. Orita, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Continuous and reversible operation of Bi2212 based THz emitters just below Tc,” Physica C 470, S822–S823 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Orita, H. Minami, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Synchronized operation of two serially connected Bi2212 THz emitters,” Physica C 470, S786–S787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Oya, G.

G. Oya, N. Aoyama, A. Irie, S. Kishida, and H. Tokutaka, “Observation of Josephson junctionlike behavior in single-crystal (Bi,Pb)2Sr2CaCu2Oy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(Part 2, No. 7A), L829–L831 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ozyuzer, L.

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rakhmanov, A.

S. Savel’ev, V. Yampol’skii, A. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Generation of tunable terahertz out-of-plane radiation using Josephson vortices in modulated layered superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 72(14), 144515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rakhmanov, A. L.

S. Savel’ev, V. A. Yampol’skii, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Terahertz Josephson plasma waves in layered superconductors: spectrum, generation, nonlinear and quantum phenomena,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 73(2), 026501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Rakhmanov, S. E. Savel’ev, and F. Nori, “Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks in a magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. B 79(18), 184504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Negative differential resistivity in superconductors with periodic arrays of pinning sites,” Phys. Rev. B 75(2), 024509 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Nonuniform self-organized dynamical states in superconductors with periodic pinning,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 127004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Savel’ev, S.

S. Savel’ev, V. A. Yampol’skii, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Terahertz Josephson plasma waves in layered superconductors: spectrum, generation, nonlinear and quantum phenomena,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 73(2), 026501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Negative differential resistivity in superconductors with periodic arrays of pinning sites,” Phys. Rev. B 75(2), 024509 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Nonuniform self-organized dynamical states in superconductors with periodic pinning,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(12), 127004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Savel’ev, V. Yampol’skii, A. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Generation of tunable terahertz out-of-plane radiation using Josephson vortices in modulated layered superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 72(14), 144515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Savel’ev, S. E.

A. L. Rakhmanov, S. E. Savel’ev, and F. Nori, “Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks in a magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. B 79(18), 184504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shitov, S. V.

I. E. Batov, X. Y. Jin, S. V. Shitov, Y. Koval, P. Müller, and A. V. Ustinov, “Detection of 0.5 THz radiation from intrinsic Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 Josephson junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(26), 262504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, F.

R. Kleiner, F. Steinmeyer, G. Kunkel, and P. Müller, “Intrinsic Josephson effects in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68(15), 2394–2397 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tachiki, M.

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, K. Deguchi, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, and R. A. Klemm, “Geometrical resonance conditions for THz radiation from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ).,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(3), 037005 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kadowaki, M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, and R. A. Klemm, “Evidence for dual-source mechanism of THz radiation from rectangular mesa of single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ intrinsic Josephson junctions,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79(2), 023703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tachiki, M. Iizuka, K. Minami, S. Tejima, and H. Nakamura, “Emission of continuous coherent terahertz wave with tunable frequency by intrinsic Josephson junctions,” Phys. Rev. B 71(13), 134515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Lee, W. Wang, I. Iguchi, M. Tachiki, K. Hirata, and T. Mochiku, “Josephson plasma emission from Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy intrinsic junctions due to quasiparticle injection,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3616–3619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Koyama and M. Tachiki, “Plasma excitation by vortex flow,” Solid State Commun. 96(6), 367–371 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Tachiki, T. Koyama, and S. Takahashi, “Electromagnetic phenomena related to a low-frequency plasma in cuprate superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 50(10), 7065–7084 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tachiki, T.

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, H.

E. Kume, I. Iguchi, and H. Takahashi, “On-chip spectroscopic detection of terahertz radiation emitted from a quasiparticle-injected nonequilibrium superconductor using a high-Tc Josephson junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(18), 2809 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, S.

M. Tachiki, T. Koyama, and S. Takahashi, “Electromagnetic phenomena related to a low-frequency plasma in cuprate superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 50(10), 7065–7084 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tejima, S.

M. Tachiki, M. Iizuka, K. Minami, S. Tejima, and H. Nakamura, “Emission of continuous coherent terahertz wave with tunable frequency by intrinsic Josephson junctions,” Phys. Rev. B 71(13), 134515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tokutaka, H.

G. Oya, N. Aoyama, A. Irie, S. Kishida, and H. Tokutaka, “Observation of Josephson junctionlike behavior in single-crystal (Bi,Pb)2Sr2CaCu2Oy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(Part 2, No. 7A), L829–L831 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tsujimoto, M.

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Terahertz radiation generated from cylindrical mesas of Bi2212,” Physica C 470, S779–S781 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, and R. A. Klemm, “Evidence for dual-source mechanism of THz radiation from rectangular mesa of single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ intrinsic Josephson junctions,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79(2), 023703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamaki, M. Tsujimoto, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Magnetic field effects on THz radiation from rectangular shape Bi2212 IJJ’s,” Physica C 470, S804–S805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, K. Deguchi, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, and R. A. Klemm, “Geometrical resonance conditions for THz radiation from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ).,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(3), 037005 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ustinov, A. V.

I. E. Batov, X. Y. Jin, S. V. Shitov, Y. Koval, P. Müller, and A. V. Ustinov, “Detection of 0.5 THz radiation from intrinsic Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 Josephson junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(26), 262504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. B.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, J. Yuan, A. Iishi, S. Arisawa, T. Hatano, T. Yamashita, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Hot spots and waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks: a study by low temperature scanning laser microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(1), 017006 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, W.

K. Lee, W. Wang, I. Iguchi, M. Tachiki, K. Hirata, and T. Mochiku, “Josephson plasma emission from Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy intrinsic junctions due to quasiparticle injection,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3616–3619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Welp, U.

K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winkler, D.

V. M. Krasnov, A. Yurgens, D. Winkler, and P. Delsing, “Self-heating in small mesa structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(10), 5578 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wu, P. H.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, H.

K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Minami, I. Kakeya, H. Yamaguchi, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Characteristics of terahertz radiation emitted from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 232511 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamaki, K.

K. Kadowaki, M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, and R. A. Klemm, “Evidence for dual-source mechanism of THz radiation from rectangular mesa of single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ intrinsic Josephson junctions,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79(2), 023703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, K. Deguchi, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, and R. A. Klemm, “Geometrical resonance conditions for THz radiation from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ).,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(3), 037005 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamaki, M. Tsujimoto, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Magnetic field effects on THz radiation from rectangular shape Bi2212 IJJ’s,” Physica C 470, S804–S805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Terahertz radiation generated from cylindrical mesas of Bi2212,” Physica C 470, S779–S781 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Terahertz radiation generated from cylindrical mesas of Bi2212,” Physica C 470, S779–S781 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Orita, H. Minami, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Synchronized operation of two serially connected Bi2212 THz emitters,” Physica C 470, S786–S787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Minami, N. Orita, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Continuous and reversible operation of Bi2212 based THz emitters just below Tc,” Physica C 470, S822–S823 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamaki, M. Tsujimoto, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Magnetic field effects on THz radiation from rectangular shape Bi2212 IJJ’s,” Physica C 470, S804–S805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, K. Deguchi, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, and R. A. Klemm, “Geometrical resonance conditions for THz radiation from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8+δ).,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(3), 037005 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kadowaki, M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, and R. A. Klemm, “Evidence for dual-source mechanism of THz radiation from rectangular mesa of single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ intrinsic Josephson junctions,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79(2), 023703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Minami, I. Kakeya, H. Yamaguchi, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Characteristics of terahertz radiation emitted from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 232511 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamashita, T.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, J. Yuan, A. Iishi, S. Arisawa, T. Hatano, T. Yamashita, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Hot spots and waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks: a study by low temperature scanning laser microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(1), 017006 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yampol’skii, V.

S. Savel’ev, V. Yampol’skii, A. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Generation of tunable terahertz out-of-plane radiation using Josephson vortices in modulated layered superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 72(14), 144515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yampol’skii, V. A.

S. Savel’ev, V. A. Yampol’skii, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Terahertz Josephson plasma waves in layered superconductors: spectrum, generation, nonlinear and quantum phenomena,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 73(2), 026501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, J.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, J. Yuan, A. Iishi, S. Arisawa, T. Hatano, T. Yamashita, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Hot spots and waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks: a study by low temperature scanning laser microscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(1), 017006 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yurgens, A.

V. M. Krasnov, A. Yurgens, D. Winkler, and P. Delsing, “Self-heating in small mesa structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(10), 5578 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zasadzinski, J. F.

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, Y. Y.

H. B. Wang, S. Guénon, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, M. Grünzweig, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, and R. Kleiner, “Coherent terahertz emission of intrinsic Josephson junction stacks in the hot spot regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(5), 057002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

E. Kume, I. Iguchi, and H. Takahashi, “On-chip spectroscopic detection of terahertz radiation emitted from a quasiparticle-injected nonequilibrium superconductor using a high-Tc Josephson junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(18), 2809 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Batov, X. Y. Jin, S. V. Shitov, Y. Koval, P. Müller, and A. V. Ustinov, “Detection of 0.5 THz radiation from intrinsic Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 Josephson junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(26), 262504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Minami, I. Kakeya, H. Yamaguchi, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Characteristics of terahertz radiation emitted from the intrinsic Josephson junctions in high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 232511 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. (2)

C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, J. F. Zasadzinski, L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, Q. Li, T. Yamamoto, K. Kadowaki, W.-K. Kwok, M. Tachiki, and U. Welp, “Thermal Management in Large Bi2212 Mesas used for Terahertz Sources,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 428–431 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Gray, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, M. Tachiki, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of Terahertz Waves from Stacks of Intrinsic Josephson Junctions,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19(3), 886–890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

V. M. Krasnov, A. Yurgens, D. Winkler, and P. Delsing, “Self-heating in small mesa structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(10), 5578 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

K. Kadowaki, M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, T. Kashiwagi, H. Minami, M. Tachiki, and R. A. Klemm, “Evidence for dual-source mechanism of THz radiation from rectangular mesa of single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ intrinsic Josephson junctions,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 79(2), 023703 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Oya, N. Aoyama, A. Irie, S. Kishida, and H. Tokutaka, “Observation of Josephson junctionlike behavior in single-crystal (Bi,Pb)2Sr2CaCu2Oy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31(Part 2, No. 7A), L829–L831 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (6)

M. Tachiki, M. Iizuka, K. Minami, S. Tejima, and H. Nakamura, “Emission of continuous coherent terahertz wave with tunable frequency by intrinsic Josephson junctions,” Phys. Rev. B 71(13), 134515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Savel’ev, V. Yampol’skii, A. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Generation of tunable terahertz out-of-plane radiation using Josephson vortices in modulated layered superconductors,” Phys. Rev. B 72(14), 144515 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Lee, W. Wang, I. Iguchi, M. Tachiki, K. Hirata, and T. Mochiku, “Josephson plasma emission from Bi2Sr2CaCu2Oy intrinsic junctions due to quasiparticle injection,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3616–3619 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

A. L. Rakhmanov, S. E. Savel’ev, and F. Nori, “Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks in a magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. B 79(18), 184504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. R. Misko, S. Savel’ev, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Negative differential resistivity in superconductors with periodic arrays of pinning sites,” Phys. Rev. B 75(2), 024509 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (2)

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Physica C (6)

K. Kadowaki, H. Yamaguchi, K. Kawamata, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, I. Kakeya, U. Welp, L. Ozyuzer, A. Koshelev, C. Kurter, K. E. Gray, and W.-K. Kwok, “Direct observation of terahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ,” Physica C 468(7-10), 634–639 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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M. Tsujimoto, K. Yamaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Terahertz radiation generated from cylindrical mesas of Bi2212,” Physica C 470, S779–S781 (2010).
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K. Yamaki, M. Tsujimoto, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, and K. Kadowaki, “Magnetic field effects on THz radiation from rectangular shape Bi2212 IJJ’s,” Physica C 470, S804–S805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Orita, H. Minami, T. Koike, T. Yamamoto, and K. Kadowaki, “Synchronized operation of two serially connected Bi2212 THz emitters,” Physica C 470, S786–S787 (2010).
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Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

S. Savel’ev, V. A. Yampol’skii, A. L. Rakhmanov, and F. Nori, “Terahertz Josephson plasma waves in layered superconductors: spectrum, generation, nonlinear and quantum phenomena,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 73(2), 026501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

L. Ozyuzer, A. E. Koshelev, C. Kurter, N. Gopalsami, Q. Li, M. Tachiki, K. Kadowaki, T. Yamamoto, H. Minami, H. Yamaguchi, T. Tachiki, K. E. Gray, W.-K. Kwok, and U. Welp, “Emission of coherent THz radiation from superconductors,” Science 318(5854), 1291–1293 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solid State Commun. (1)

T. Koyama and M. Tachiki, “Plasma excitation by vortex flow,” Solid State Commun. 96(6), 367–371 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

T. Kshiwagi at University of Tsukuba is preparing a manuscript to be called, “Geometrical full-wavelength resonance mode generating terahertz waves from a single crystalline Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ rectangular mesa.”

S. Guenon, M. Grunzweig, B. Gross, J. Yuan, Z. G. Jiang, Y. Y. Zhong, A. Iishi, P. H. Wu, T. Hatano, D. Koelle, H. B. Wang, and R. Kleiner, “Interaction of hot spots and THz waves in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 intrinsic Josephson junction stacks of various geometry,” arXiv:1005.2341v1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) A schematic view of the mesa. Ag and Au are evaporated on top of the mesa, and the electrodes are fabricated on the mesa surface and single crystal substrate. The angles θ 1 and θ 2 are defined as shown in the figure. A current is applied along the c-axis. (b) An optical micrographic image of the mesa is shown inside the yellow oval. The length of the mesa is 400 μm, and its width is 80 μm. (c) The temperature dependence of the resistivity for sample (#A).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical I-V characteristics (black line) and detected radiation signals from a bolometer (red line) used to measure the (a) R- and (b) IR-type radiation. Temperature is measured at the sample holder. (a) An emission is observed near T c in the resistive branch and is indicated by a green circle. The temperature at which the emission occurs is higher than that of the IR-type emission, and the emitted frequency obeys the cavity resonance of the width (shorter side of the rectangle). (b) An emission is observed in a re-trapping region in the return branch and is indicated by a green circle. The temperature at which the emission occurs is lower than that of the R-type emission, and the emitted frequency is governed by the cavity resonance and the ac Josephson relation. The contact resistance was subtracted for both cases.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Bath temperature dependence of the emitted intensity detected by a Si-composite bolometer. The optimum bath temperature is about 25 K and 45 K for the R- and IR- types of emission, respectively. The maximum intensity of emission in both cases is almost the same. (b) Bath temperature dependences of I c and I r. Although I c of our sample is almost constant at below 50 K, I r gradually increases with an increase in bath temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

I-V characteristics and emission intensity detected by a Si-composite bolometer. An intense emission is observed at V = 0.644 V, which is indicated in the green circle. This output power is increased considerably by a factor of 6–8 times that shown in previous reports.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Emission spectra observed at V = 0.644 V (intense) and 0.667 V (ordinary). The frequencies are 0.49 and 0.43 THz for the ordinary and intense emissions, respectively. The inset shows a magnification of the fundamental frequency. The intensity was normalized against the maximum intensity of each emission type.

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