Abstract

A novel ultrafast all-optical switching based on metal-insulator-metal nanoplasmonic waveguide with a Kerr nonlinear resonator is proposed and investigated numerically. With the finite-difference time-domain simulations, it is demonstrated that an obvious optical bistability of the signal light appears by varying the control-light intensity, and an excellent switching effect is achieved. This bistability originates from the intensity-dependent change induced in the dielectric constant of Kerr nonlinear material filled in the nanodisk resonator. It is found that the proposed all-optical switching exhibits femtosecond-scale feedback time.

© 2011 OSA

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2010 (10)

M. S. Kumar, X. Piao, S. Koo, S. Yu, and N. Park, “Out of plane mode conversion and manipulation of Surface Plasmon Polariton waves,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8800–8805 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Randhawa, M. U. González, J. Renger, S. Enoch, and R. Quidant, “Design and properties of dielectric surface plasmon Bragg mirrors,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14496–14510 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. K. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. Choi, B. H. Ahn, N. Park, Y. H. Lee, and B. Min, “Low-loss surface-plasmonic nanobeam cavities,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11089–11096 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, “Silicon-based plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11791–11799 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, “All-optical active components for dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(8), 1581–1584 (2010).
[CrossRef]

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Zhong, Y. Xu, S. Lan, Q. F. Dai, and L. J. Wu, “Sharp and asymmetric transmission response in metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides containing Kerr nonlinear media,” Opt. Express 18(1), 79–86 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lu, X. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and Y. Gong, “Tunable band-pass plasmonic waveguide filters with nanodisk resonators,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17922–17927 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, T. Wang, Y. K. Su, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Coupled mode theory analysis of mode-splitting in coupled cavity system,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8367–8382 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Tao, X. Huang, X. Lin, J. Chen, Q. Zhang, and X. Jin, “Systematical research on characteristics of double-sided teeth-shaped nanoplasmonic waveguide filters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(2), 323–327 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (9)

Y. Shen and G. P. Wang, “Optical bistability in metal gap waveguide nanocavities,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8421–8426 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Park, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “High order plasmonic Bragg reflection in the metal-insulator-metal waveguide Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 16(1), 413–425 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. Brongersma, “Gain-induced switching in metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. S. Lin and X. G. Huang, “Tooth-shaped plasmonic waveguide filters with nanometeric sizes,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2874–2876 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Min, P. Wang, C. C. Chen, Y. Deng, Y. H. Lu, H. Ming, T. Y. Ning, Y. L. Zhou, and G. Z. Yang, “All-optical switching in subwavelength metallic grating structure containing nonlinear optical materials,” Opt. Lett. 33(8), 869–871 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. P. Drachev, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H. K. Yuan, W. Cai, and V. M. Shalaev, “The Ag dielectric function in plasmonic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1186–1195 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Electronically controlled surface plasmon dispersion and optical transmission through metallic hole arrays using liquid crystal,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 281–286 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Wurtz and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear surface plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(3), 125–135 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Picosecond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

S. S. Xiao, L. Liu, and M. Qiu, “Resonator channel drop filters in a plasmon-polaritons metal,” Opt. Express 14(7), 2932–2937 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Wurtz, R. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Optical bistability in nonlinear surface-plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 057402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

I. I. Smolyaninov, “Quantum fluctuations of the refractive index near the interface between a metal and a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(5), 057403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

2003 (3)

Q. Zhang, W. Liu, Z. Xue, J. Wu, S. Wang, D. Wang, and Q. Gong, “Ultrafast optical Kerr effect of Ag-BaO composite thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 958–960 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik, S. Fan, M. Soljacić, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “All-optical transistor action with bistable switching in a photonic crystal cross-waveguide geometry,” Opt. Lett. 28(24), 2506–2508 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

R. A. Innes and J. R. Sambles, “Optical non-linearity in liquid crystals using surface plasmon-polaritons,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(35), 6231–6260 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, B. H.

Badenes, G.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. Brongersma, “Gain-induced switching in metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cai, W.

Chen, C. C.

Chen, J.

Chettiar, U. K.

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Drachev, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H. K. Yuan, W. Cai, and V. M. Shalaev, “The Ag dielectric function in plasmonic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1186–1195 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, M.

Dai, Q. F.

Deng, Y.

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dickson, W.

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Electronically controlled surface plasmon dispersion and optical transmission through metallic hole arrays using liquid crystal,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 281–286 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ding, C.

X. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Picosecond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drachev, V. P.

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Drachev, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H. K. Yuan, W. Cai, and V. M. Shalaev, “The Ag dielectric function in plasmonic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1186–1195 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Enoch, S.

Evans, P. R.

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Electronically controlled surface plasmon dispersion and optical transmission through metallic hole arrays using liquid crystal,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 281–286 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. Brongersma, “Gain-induced switching in metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik, S. Fan, M. Soljacić, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “All-optical transistor action with bistable switching in a photonic crystal cross-waveguide geometry,” Opt. Lett. 28(24), 2506–2508 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

García-Vidal, F.

J. Porto, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, “Optical bistability in subwavelength slit apertures containing nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. B 70(8), 081402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Q.

X. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Picosecond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, W. Liu, Z. Xue, J. Wu, S. Wang, D. Wang, and Q. Gong, “Ultrafast optical Kerr effect of Ag-BaO composite thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 958–960 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Y.

González, M. U.

Hu, X.

X. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Picosecond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.

Huang, X. G.

Innes, R. A.

R. A. Innes and J. R. Sambles, “Optical non-linearity in liquid crystals using surface plasmon-polaritons,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(35), 6231–6260 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, P.

X. Hu, P. Jiang, C. Ding, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Picosecond and low-power all-optical switching based on an organic photonic-bandgap microcavity,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 185–189 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiao, X.

Jin, X.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Kildishev, A. V.

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Drachev, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H. K. Yuan, W. Cai, and V. M. Shalaev, “The Ag dielectric function in plasmonic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1186–1195 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

Kim, M. K.

Koo, S.

Krasavin, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, “Silicon-based plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11791–11799 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Krasavin and A. V. Zayats, “All-optical active components for dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 283(8), 1581–1584 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, M. S.

Lan, S.

Lee, B.

Lee, S. H.

Lee, Y. H.

Li, Q.

Li, Y. P.

Lin, X.

Lin, X. S.

Liu, L.

Liu, W.

Q. Zhang, W. Liu, Z. Xue, J. Wu, S. Wang, D. Wang, and Q. Gong, “Ultrafast optical Kerr effect of Ag-BaO composite thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 958–960 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Lu, H.

Lu, Y. H.

Mao, D.

Martín-Moreno, L.

J. Porto, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, “Optical bistability in subwavelength slit apertures containing nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. B 70(8), 081402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Min, B.

M. K. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. Choi, B. H. Ahn, N. Park, Y. H. Lee, and B. Min, “Low-loss surface-plasmonic nanobeam cavities,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11089–11096 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Min, C.

Min, C. J.

Ming, H.

Ning, T. Y.

Nyga, P.

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ostby, E.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, J.

Park, N.

Piao, X.

Pollard, R.

G. A. Wurtz, R. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Optical bistability in nonlinear surface-plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 057402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pollard, R. J.

W. Dickson, G. A. Wurtz, P. R. Evans, R. J. Pollard, and A. V. Zayats, “Electronically controlled surface plasmon dispersion and optical transmission through metallic hole arrays using liquid crystal,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 281–286 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Porto, J.

J. Porto, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. García-Vidal, “Optical bistability in subwavelength slit apertures containing nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. B 70(8), 081402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

Qiu, S. L.

Quidant, R.

Randhawa, S.

Renger, J.

Sambles, J. R.

R. A. Innes and J. R. Sambles, “Optical non-linearity in liquid crystals using surface plasmon-polaritons,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1(35), 6231–6260 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Drachev, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H. K. Yuan, W. Cai, and V. M. Shalaev, “The Ag dielectric function in plasmonic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1186–1195 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, Y.

Smolyaninov, I. I.

I. I. Smolyaninov, “Quantum fluctuations of the refractive index near the interface between a metal and a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(5), 057403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soljacic, M.

Sorger, V.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, Y. K.

Tao, J.

Thoreson, M. D.

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ulin-Avila, E.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vahala, K.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Veronis, G.

C. Min and G. Veronis, “Absorption switches in metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express 17(13), 10757–10766 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. Brongersma, “Gain-induced switching in metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, B.

Wang, D.

Q. Zhang, W. Liu, Z. Xue, J. Wu, S. Wang, D. Wang, and Q. Gong, “Ultrafast optical Kerr effect of Ag-BaO composite thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 958–960 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. P.

Wang, L.

Wang, P.

Wang, S.

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Nat. Photonics (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the nanoscale all-optical switching structure: r, radius of nanodisk resonator; w, width of metallic waveguide; w 1, width of coupling aisle; d 1, length of coupling aisle; w 2 and w 3, tooth widths; d 2 and d 3, tooth depths.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Transmission spectra with different changes of dielectric constant. (b) Transmission spectra without nanodisk resonator (only tooth-shaped filter) and with nanodisk resonator (whole waveguide).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Signal transmission with pump light off and on. The pump and signal wavelengths are 820 nm and 563 nm, respectively. The pump intensity is 650 MW/cm2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission of signal light by increasing and decreasing intensity of pump light.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Signal transmission (red circle line) versus time. The blue circle line denotes the temporal profile of pump light with an input intensity of 650 MW/cm2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Magnetic field distributions of signal light with switching (a) off and (b) on.

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