Abstract

In this paper, we present a new laser direct patterning method that selectively cures nanoparticles self-generated from organometallic ink by proper thermal decomposition. This approach has several advantages in the curing rate, resolution and pattern quality compared with the conventional nanoparticle ink based direct laser curing method. It was found that a laser wavelength which is more weakly absorbed by the nanoparticles could produce a more stable and homogeneous curing condition. Finally, arbitrary shaped silver electrodes with narrow width and uniform profile could be achieved on a polymer substrate at a high curing rate of 25 mm/s. This process can be applied for flexible electronics fabrications on heat sensitive polymer substrates.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. M. Aminuzzaman, A. Watanabe, and T. Miyashita, “Fabrication of conductive silver micropatterns on an organic–inorganic hybrid film by laser direct writing,” Thin Solid Films 517(20), 5935–5939 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, S. E. Haferl, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Microstructuring by printing and laser curing of nanoparticle solutions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3529–3531 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Watanabe, Y. Kobayashi, M. Konno, S. Yamada, and T. Miwa, “Direct Drawing of Ag Microwiring by laser-induced pyrolysis of film prepared from liquid-dispersed metal nanoparticles,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(23), 740–742 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Manufacturing of nanoscale thickness gold lines by laser curing of a discretely deposited nanoparticle suspension,” Superlattices Microstruct. 35(3-6), 437–444 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Chung, S. Ko, N. R. Bieri, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and D. Poulikakos, “Conductor microstructures by laser curing of printed gold nanoparticle ink,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(5), 52–54 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “An experimental investigation of microresistor laser printing with gold nanoparticle-laden inks,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 80(7), 1485–1495 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Air stable high resolution organic transistors by selective laser sintering of ink-jet printed metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141103 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Baldacchini, A. C. Pons, J. Pons, C. N. Lafratta, J. T. Fourkas, Y. Sun, and M. J. Naughton, “Multiphoton laser direct writing of two-dimensional silver structures,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1275–1280 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “All inkjet printed flexible electronics fabrication on a polymer substrate by low temperature high resolution selective laser sintering of metal nanoparticle,” Nanotechnology 18(34), 345202 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  15. S. Sun, L. Zhang, and S. Jahanshahi, “From viscosity and surface tension to marangoni flow in melts,” Metall. Mater. Trans., B, Process Metall. Mater. Proc. Sci. 34(5), 517–523 (2003).
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    [CrossRef]
  18. A. C. Siegel, S. T. Phillips, M. D. Dickey, N. Lu, Z. Suo, and G. M. Whitesides, “Foldable Printed Circuit Boards on Paper Substrates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(1), 28–35 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Pagliaro, R. Ciriminna, and G. Palmisano, “Flexible solar cells,” ChemSusChem 1(11), 880–891 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. A. Rogers, T. Someya, and Y. Huang, “Materials and mechanics for stretchable electronics,” Science 327(5973), 1603–1607 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

M. Aminuzzama, A. Watanabe, and T. Miyashita, “Direct writing of conductive silver micropatterns on flexible polyimide film by laser-induced pyrolysis of silver nanoparticle-dispersed film,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(3), 931–938 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Siegel, S. T. Phillips, M. D. Dickey, N. Lu, Z. Suo, and G. M. Whitesides, “Foldable Printed Circuit Boards on Paper Substrates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(1), 28–35 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Rogers, T. Someya, and Y. Huang, “Materials and mechanics for stretchable electronics,” Science 327(5973), 1603–1607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

M. Aminuzzaman, A. Watanabe, and T. Miyashita, “Fabrication of conductive silver micropatterns on an organic–inorganic hybrid film by laser direct writing,” Thin Solid Films 517(20), 5935–5939 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. Pagliaro, R. Ciriminna, and G. Palmisano, “Flexible solar cells,” ChemSusChem 1(11), 880–891 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Lithography-free high-resolution organic transistors on polymer substrate by low temperature selective laser ablation of inkjet printed nanoparticle film,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 92(3), 579–587 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

B. Choi, H. Lee, S. Jin, S. Chun, and S. Kim, “Characterization of the optical properties of silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 18(7), 075706–075710 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Air stable high resolution organic transistors by selective laser sintering of ink-jet printed metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “All inkjet printed flexible electronics fabrication on a polymer substrate by low temperature high resolution selective laser sintering of metal nanoparticle,” Nanotechnology 18(34), 345202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “An experimental investigation of microresistor laser printing with gold nanoparticle-laden inks,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 80(7), 1485–1495 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Baldacchini, A. C. Pons, J. Pons, C. N. Lafratta, J. T. Fourkas, Y. Sun, and M. J. Naughton, “Multiphoton laser direct writing of two-dimensional silver structures,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1275–1280 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Watanabe, Y. Kobayashi, M. Konno, S. Yamada, and T. Miwa, “Direct Drawing of Ag Microwiring by laser-induced pyrolysis of film prepared from liquid-dispersed metal nanoparticles,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(23), 740–742 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Manufacturing of nanoscale thickness gold lines by laser curing of a discretely deposited nanoparticle suspension,” Superlattices Microstruct. 35(3-6), 437–444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chung, S. Ko, N. R. Bieri, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and D. Poulikakos, “Conductor microstructures by laser curing of printed gold nanoparticle ink,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(5), 52–54 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, H. Li, J. Liu, X. Qi, and X. Zeng, “Conductive line preparation on resin surfaces by laser micro-cladding conductive pastes,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 51–57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

S. Sun, L. Zhang, and S. Jahanshahi, “From viscosity and surface tension to marangoni flow in melts,” Metall. Mater. Trans., B, Process Metall. Mater. Proc. Sci. 34(5), 517–523 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, S. E. Haferl, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Microstructuring by printing and laser curing of nanoparticle solutions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3529–3531 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1976

P. A. Buffat and J. P. Borel, “Size effect on the melting temperature of gold particles,” Phys. Rev. A 13(6), 2287–2298 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Aminuzzama, M.

M. Aminuzzama, A. Watanabe, and T. Miyashita, “Direct writing of conductive silver micropatterns on flexible polyimide film by laser-induced pyrolysis of silver nanoparticle-dispersed film,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(3), 931–938 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Aminuzzaman, M.

M. Aminuzzaman, A. Watanabe, and T. Miyashita, “Fabrication of conductive silver micropatterns on an organic–inorganic hybrid film by laser direct writing,” Thin Solid Films 517(20), 5935–5939 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Baldacchini, T.

T. Baldacchini, A. C. Pons, J. Pons, C. N. Lafratta, J. T. Fourkas, Y. Sun, and M. J. Naughton, “Multiphoton laser direct writing of two-dimensional silver structures,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1275–1280 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bieri, N. R.

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “An experimental investigation of microresistor laser printing with gold nanoparticle-laden inks,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 80(7), 1485–1495 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chung, S. Ko, N. R. Bieri, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and D. Poulikakos, “Conductor microstructures by laser curing of printed gold nanoparticle ink,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(5), 52–54 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Manufacturing of nanoscale thickness gold lines by laser curing of a discretely deposited nanoparticle suspension,” Superlattices Microstruct. 35(3-6), 437–444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, S. E. Haferl, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Microstructuring by printing and laser curing of nanoparticle solutions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3529–3531 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Borel, J. P.

P. A. Buffat and J. P. Borel, “Size effect on the melting temperature of gold particles,” Phys. Rev. A 13(6), 2287–2298 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Buffat, P. A.

P. A. Buffat and J. P. Borel, “Size effect on the melting temperature of gold particles,” Phys. Rev. A 13(6), 2287–2298 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Choi, B.

B. Choi, H. Lee, S. Jin, S. Chun, and S. Kim, “Characterization of the optical properties of silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 18(7), 075706–075710 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chun, S.

B. Choi, H. Lee, S. Jin, S. Chun, and S. Kim, “Characterization of the optical properties of silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 18(7), 075706–075710 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chung, J.

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “An experimental investigation of microresistor laser printing with gold nanoparticle-laden inks,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 80(7), 1485–1495 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chung, S. Ko, N. R. Bieri, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and D. Poulikakos, “Conductor microstructures by laser curing of printed gold nanoparticle ink,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(5), 52–54 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Manufacturing of nanoscale thickness gold lines by laser curing of a discretely deposited nanoparticle suspension,” Superlattices Microstruct. 35(3-6), 437–444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, S. E. Haferl, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Microstructuring by printing and laser curing of nanoparticle solutions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3529–3531 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ciriminna, R.

M. Pagliaro, R. Ciriminna, and G. Palmisano, “Flexible solar cells,” ChemSusChem 1(11), 880–891 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dickey, M. D.

A. C. Siegel, S. T. Phillips, M. D. Dickey, N. Lu, Z. Suo, and G. M. Whitesides, “Foldable Printed Circuit Boards on Paper Substrates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(1), 28–35 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fourkas, J. T.

T. Baldacchini, A. C. Pons, J. Pons, C. N. Lafratta, J. T. Fourkas, Y. Sun, and M. J. Naughton, “Multiphoton laser direct writing of two-dimensional silver structures,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1275–1280 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fréchet, J. M. J.

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Lithography-free high-resolution organic transistors on polymer substrate by low temperature selective laser ablation of inkjet printed nanoparticle film,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 92(3), 579–587 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Air stable high resolution organic transistors by selective laser sintering of ink-jet printed metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “All inkjet printed flexible electronics fabrication on a polymer substrate by low temperature high resolution selective laser sintering of metal nanoparticle,” Nanotechnology 18(34), 345202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grigoropoulos, C. P.

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Lithography-free high-resolution organic transistors on polymer substrate by low temperature selective laser ablation of inkjet printed nanoparticle film,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 92(3), 579–587 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Air stable high resolution organic transistors by selective laser sintering of ink-jet printed metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “All inkjet printed flexible electronics fabrication on a polymer substrate by low temperature high resolution selective laser sintering of metal nanoparticle,” Nanotechnology 18(34), 345202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “An experimental investigation of microresistor laser printing with gold nanoparticle-laden inks,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 80(7), 1485–1495 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chung, S. Ko, N. R. Bieri, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and D. Poulikakos, “Conductor microstructures by laser curing of printed gold nanoparticle ink,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(5), 52–54 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Manufacturing of nanoscale thickness gold lines by laser curing of a discretely deposited nanoparticle suspension,” Superlattices Microstruct. 35(3-6), 437–444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, S. E. Haferl, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Microstructuring by printing and laser curing of nanoparticle solutions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3529–3531 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Haferl, S. E.

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, S. E. Haferl, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Microstructuring by printing and laser curing of nanoparticle solutions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3529–3531 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

J. A. Rogers, T. Someya, and Y. Huang, “Materials and mechanics for stretchable electronics,” Science 327(5973), 1603–1607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jahanshahi, S.

S. Sun, L. Zhang, and S. Jahanshahi, “From viscosity and surface tension to marangoni flow in melts,” Metall. Mater. Trans., B, Process Metall. Mater. Proc. Sci. 34(5), 517–523 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jin, S.

B. Choi, H. Lee, S. Jin, S. Chun, and S. Kim, “Characterization of the optical properties of silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 18(7), 075706–075710 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

B. Choi, H. Lee, S. Jin, S. Chun, and S. Kim, “Characterization of the optical properties of silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 18(7), 075706–075710 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ko, S.

S. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Air stable high resolution organic transistors by selective laser sintering of ink-jet printed metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Chung, S. Ko, N. R. Bieri, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and D. Poulikakos, “Conductor microstructures by laser curing of printed gold nanoparticle ink,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(5), 52–54 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ko, S. H.

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Lithography-free high-resolution organic transistors on polymer substrate by low temperature selective laser ablation of inkjet printed nanoparticle film,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 92(3), 579–587 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “All inkjet printed flexible electronics fabrication on a polymer substrate by low temperature high resolution selective laser sintering of metal nanoparticle,” Nanotechnology 18(34), 345202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, Y.

A. Watanabe, Y. Kobayashi, M. Konno, S. Yamada, and T. Miwa, “Direct Drawing of Ag Microwiring by laser-induced pyrolysis of film prepared from liquid-dispersed metal nanoparticles,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(23), 740–742 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Konno, M.

A. Watanabe, Y. Kobayashi, M. Konno, S. Yamada, and T. Miwa, “Direct Drawing of Ag Microwiring by laser-induced pyrolysis of film prepared from liquid-dispersed metal nanoparticles,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(23), 740–742 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lafratta, C. N.

T. Baldacchini, A. C. Pons, J. Pons, C. N. Lafratta, J. T. Fourkas, Y. Sun, and M. J. Naughton, “Multiphoton laser direct writing of two-dimensional silver structures,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1275–1280 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H.

B. Choi, H. Lee, S. Jin, S. Chun, and S. Kim, “Characterization of the optical properties of silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 18(7), 075706–075710 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, H.

X. Li, H. Li, J. Liu, X. Qi, and X. Zeng, “Conductive line preparation on resin surfaces by laser micro-cladding conductive pastes,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 51–57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

X. Li, H. Li, J. Liu, X. Qi, and X. Zeng, “Conductive line preparation on resin surfaces by laser micro-cladding conductive pastes,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 51–57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

X. Li, H. Li, J. Liu, X. Qi, and X. Zeng, “Conductive line preparation on resin surfaces by laser micro-cladding conductive pastes,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 51–57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, N.

A. C. Siegel, S. T. Phillips, M. D. Dickey, N. Lu, Z. Suo, and G. M. Whitesides, “Foldable Printed Circuit Boards on Paper Substrates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(1), 28–35 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luscombe, C. K.

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Lithography-free high-resolution organic transistors on polymer substrate by low temperature selective laser ablation of inkjet printed nanoparticle film,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 92(3), 579–587 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Air stable high resolution organic transistors by selective laser sintering of ink-jet printed metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “All inkjet printed flexible electronics fabrication on a polymer substrate by low temperature high resolution selective laser sintering of metal nanoparticle,” Nanotechnology 18(34), 345202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miwa, T.

A. Watanabe, Y. Kobayashi, M. Konno, S. Yamada, and T. Miwa, “Direct Drawing of Ag Microwiring by laser-induced pyrolysis of film prepared from liquid-dispersed metal nanoparticles,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(23), 740–742 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyashita, T.

M. Aminuzzama, A. Watanabe, and T. Miyashita, “Direct writing of conductive silver micropatterns on flexible polyimide film by laser-induced pyrolysis of silver nanoparticle-dispersed film,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(3), 931–938 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Aminuzzaman, A. Watanabe, and T. Miyashita, “Fabrication of conductive silver micropatterns on an organic–inorganic hybrid film by laser direct writing,” Thin Solid Films 517(20), 5935–5939 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Naughton, M. J.

T. Baldacchini, A. C. Pons, J. Pons, C. N. Lafratta, J. T. Fourkas, Y. Sun, and M. J. Naughton, “Multiphoton laser direct writing of two-dimensional silver structures,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1275–1280 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pagliaro, M.

M. Pagliaro, R. Ciriminna, and G. Palmisano, “Flexible solar cells,” ChemSusChem 1(11), 880–891 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Palmisano, G.

M. Pagliaro, R. Ciriminna, and G. Palmisano, “Flexible solar cells,” ChemSusChem 1(11), 880–891 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, H.

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Lithography-free high-resolution organic transistors on polymer substrate by low temperature selective laser ablation of inkjet printed nanoparticle film,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 92(3), 579–587 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Air stable high resolution organic transistors by selective laser sintering of ink-jet printed metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “All inkjet printed flexible electronics fabrication on a polymer substrate by low temperature high resolution selective laser sintering of metal nanoparticle,” Nanotechnology 18(34), 345202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, S. T.

A. C. Siegel, S. T. Phillips, M. D. Dickey, N. Lu, Z. Suo, and G. M. Whitesides, “Foldable Printed Circuit Boards on Paper Substrates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(1), 28–35 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pons, A. C.

T. Baldacchini, A. C. Pons, J. Pons, C. N. Lafratta, J. T. Fourkas, Y. Sun, and M. J. Naughton, “Multiphoton laser direct writing of two-dimensional silver structures,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1275–1280 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pons, J.

T. Baldacchini, A. C. Pons, J. Pons, C. N. Lafratta, J. T. Fourkas, Y. Sun, and M. J. Naughton, “Multiphoton laser direct writing of two-dimensional silver structures,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1275–1280 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poulikakos, D.

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Lithography-free high-resolution organic transistors on polymer substrate by low temperature selective laser ablation of inkjet printed nanoparticle film,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 92(3), 579–587 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Air stable high resolution organic transistors by selective laser sintering of ink-jet printed metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “All inkjet printed flexible electronics fabrication on a polymer substrate by low temperature high resolution selective laser sintering of metal nanoparticle,” Nanotechnology 18(34), 345202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “An experimental investigation of microresistor laser printing with gold nanoparticle-laden inks,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 80(7), 1485–1495 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chung, S. Ko, N. R. Bieri, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and D. Poulikakos, “Conductor microstructures by laser curing of printed gold nanoparticle ink,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(5), 52–54 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Manufacturing of nanoscale thickness gold lines by laser curing of a discretely deposited nanoparticle suspension,” Superlattices Microstruct. 35(3-6), 437–444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, S. E. Haferl, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Microstructuring by printing and laser curing of nanoparticle solutions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3529–3531 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qi, X.

X. Li, H. Li, J. Liu, X. Qi, and X. Zeng, “Conductive line preparation on resin surfaces by laser micro-cladding conductive pastes,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 51–57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, J. A.

J. A. Rogers, T. Someya, and Y. Huang, “Materials and mechanics for stretchable electronics,” Science 327(5973), 1603–1607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siegel, A. C.

A. C. Siegel, S. T. Phillips, M. D. Dickey, N. Lu, Z. Suo, and G. M. Whitesides, “Foldable Printed Circuit Boards on Paper Substrates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(1), 28–35 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Someya, T.

J. A. Rogers, T. Someya, and Y. Huang, “Materials and mechanics for stretchable electronics,” Science 327(5973), 1603–1607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, S.

S. Sun, L. Zhang, and S. Jahanshahi, “From viscosity and surface tension to marangoni flow in melts,” Metall. Mater. Trans., B, Process Metall. Mater. Proc. Sci. 34(5), 517–523 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

T. Baldacchini, A. C. Pons, J. Pons, C. N. Lafratta, J. T. Fourkas, Y. Sun, and M. J. Naughton, “Multiphoton laser direct writing of two-dimensional silver structures,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1275–1280 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suo, Z.

A. C. Siegel, S. T. Phillips, M. D. Dickey, N. Lu, Z. Suo, and G. M. Whitesides, “Foldable Printed Circuit Boards on Paper Substrates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(1), 28–35 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, A.

M. Aminuzzama, A. Watanabe, and T. Miyashita, “Direct writing of conductive silver micropatterns on flexible polyimide film by laser-induced pyrolysis of silver nanoparticle-dispersed film,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(3), 931–938 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Aminuzzaman, A. Watanabe, and T. Miyashita, “Fabrication of conductive silver micropatterns on an organic–inorganic hybrid film by laser direct writing,” Thin Solid Films 517(20), 5935–5939 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Watanabe, Y. Kobayashi, M. Konno, S. Yamada, and T. Miwa, “Direct Drawing of Ag Microwiring by laser-induced pyrolysis of film prepared from liquid-dispersed metal nanoparticles,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(23), 740–742 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Whitesides, G. M.

A. C. Siegel, S. T. Phillips, M. D. Dickey, N. Lu, Z. Suo, and G. M. Whitesides, “Foldable Printed Circuit Boards on Paper Substrates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(1), 28–35 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, S.

A. Watanabe, Y. Kobayashi, M. Konno, S. Yamada, and T. Miwa, “Direct Drawing of Ag Microwiring by laser-induced pyrolysis of film prepared from liquid-dispersed metal nanoparticles,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(23), 740–742 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, X.

X. Li, H. Li, J. Liu, X. Qi, and X. Zeng, “Conductive line preparation on resin surfaces by laser micro-cladding conductive pastes,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 51–57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

S. Sun, L. Zhang, and S. Jahanshahi, “From viscosity and surface tension to marangoni flow in melts,” Metall. Mater. Trans., B, Process Metall. Mater. Proc. Sci. 34(5), 517–523 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater.

A. C. Siegel, S. T. Phillips, M. D. Dickey, N. Lu, Z. Suo, and G. M. Whitesides, “Foldable Printed Circuit Boards on Paper Substrates,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 20(1), 28–35 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process.

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Lithography-free high-resolution organic transistors on polymer substrate by low temperature selective laser ablation of inkjet printed nanoparticle film,” Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 92(3), 579–587 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, S. E. Haferl, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Microstructuring by printing and laser curing of nanoparticle solutions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(20), 3529–3531 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Chung, S. Ko, N. R. Bieri, C. P. Grigoropoulos, and D. Poulikakos, “Conductor microstructures by laser curing of printed gold nanoparticle ink,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(5), 52–54 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “Air stable high resolution organic transistors by selective laser sintering of ink-jet printed metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 141103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “An experimental investigation of microresistor laser printing with gold nanoparticle-laden inks,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 80(7), 1485–1495 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci.

X. Li, H. Li, J. Liu, X. Qi, and X. Zeng, “Conductive line preparation on resin surfaces by laser micro-cladding conductive pastes,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 233(1-4), 51–57 (2004).
[CrossRef]

ChemSusChem

M. Pagliaro, R. Ciriminna, and G. Palmisano, “Flexible solar cells,” ChemSusChem 1(11), 880–891 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nanopart. Res.

M. Aminuzzama, A. Watanabe, and T. Miyashita, “Direct writing of conductive silver micropatterns on flexible polyimide film by laser-induced pyrolysis of silver nanoparticle-dispersed film,” J. Nanopart. Res. 12(3), 931–938 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

A. Watanabe, Y. Kobayashi, M. Konno, S. Yamada, and T. Miwa, “Direct Drawing of Ag Microwiring by laser-induced pyrolysis of film prepared from liquid-dispersed metal nanoparticles,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(23), 740–742 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Metall. Mater. Trans., B, Process Metall. Mater. Proc. Sci.

S. Sun, L. Zhang, and S. Jahanshahi, “From viscosity and surface tension to marangoni flow in melts,” Metall. Mater. Trans., B, Process Metall. Mater. Proc. Sci. 34(5), 517–523 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology

B. Choi, H. Lee, S. Jin, S. Chun, and S. Kim, “Characterization of the optical properties of silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 18(7), 075706–075710 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Ko, H. Pan, C. P. Grigoropoulos, C. K. Luscombe, J. M. J. Fréchet, and D. Poulikakos, “All inkjet printed flexible electronics fabrication on a polymer substrate by low temperature high resolution selective laser sintering of metal nanoparticle,” Nanotechnology 18(34), 345202 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

T. Baldacchini, A. C. Pons, J. Pons, C. N. Lafratta, J. T. Fourkas, Y. Sun, and M. J. Naughton, “Multiphoton laser direct writing of two-dimensional silver structures,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1275–1280 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A

P. A. Buffat and J. P. Borel, “Size effect on the melting temperature of gold particles,” Phys. Rev. A 13(6), 2287–2298 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Science

J. A. Rogers, T. Someya, and Y. Huang, “Materials and mechanics for stretchable electronics,” Science 327(5973), 1603–1607 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Superlattices Microstruct.

N. R. Bieri, J. Chung, D. Poulikakos, and C. P. Grigoropoulos, “Manufacturing of nanoscale thickness gold lines by laser curing of a discretely deposited nanoparticle suspension,” Superlattices Microstruct. 35(3-6), 437–444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films

M. Aminuzzaman, A. Watanabe, and T. Miyashita, “Fabrication of conductive silver micropatterns on an organic–inorganic hybrid film by laser direct writing,” Thin Solid Films 517(20), 5935–5939 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. Beckmann, and A. Spizichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon Press. Oxford. 1963).

Korea Patent 10–0727434–00–00.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematics of the process steps: (i) spincoating of the organometallic ink at 1000 rpm on a soda-lime glass, (ii) pre-baking on a hotplate at 100 °C for 90 sec to create NPs, (iii) laser irradiation to induce local agglomeration and fusion of NPs into continuous metal microstructure, (iv) washing out the unexposed leftover ink. (b) Experiment setup (c) Variations of the thickness and absorbance (at 532 nm) of coated organometallic ink with the pre-baking time. (d) Statistical analysis of self-generated Ag NP size distribution and the corresponding TEM image after pre-baking for 90 sec.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Absorption spectrum of the organometallic ink before and after pre-baking (90 sec). (b) Optical microscope and scanning electron microscope image of the cured pattern by a 532 nm wavelength laser at 35 mW (upper line)/40 mW (lower line) at 10 mm/s scan rate. (c) Optical microscope image of the peeled off patterns at a laser power at 30 mW (λ = 532 nm) and at 10 mm/s scan rate. (d) Schematics of laser curing condition at two different laser wavelengths (e) Scanning electron microscope image of the cured pattern by a 1070 nm wavelength laser at 40 mW (λ = 1070 nm) and at 10 mm/s scan rate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pattern width dependence on the laser power (λ = 1070 nm) and the scan rate (spin coated at 1000 rpm and a pre-baking time of 90 sec). (b) AFM profile and image of a laser cured silver line pattern (spincoated at 1000 rpm, 200 mW laser power, 25 mm/s scan rate). (c) 2D AFM surface roughness images and corresponding profile of laser cured pattern and (d) E-beam evaporated pattern.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Optical microscope image of cured patterns on glass at a laser power of 200 mW (λ = 1070 nm) and a scan rate of 25 mm/s (b) Photograph of cured patterns on polyimide (PI) film at a laser power of 200 mW (λ = 1070 nm) and a scan rate of 25 mm/s on glass (c) Adhesion property test.

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