Abstract

We have developed a compact light source at 461 nm using a single-pass periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguide for second-harmonic (SH) generation. The obtained optical power at 461 nm is 76 mW when the power of the 922-nm fundamental light coupled into the waveguide is 248 mW. Although a narrowing of the phase-matching temperature acceptance bandwidth is observed at a high SH power, stable overnight operation is realized by carefully controlling the device temperature within an uncertainty of 0.01 °C.

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  6. L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “Direct-bonded QPM-LN ridge waveguide with high damage resistance at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 39(7), 609 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, T. Yanagawa, H. Itoh, and H. Suzuki, “Reducing photorefractive effect in periodically poled ZnO- and MgO-doped LiNbO3 wavelength converters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(21), 3163 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, K. Fukuda, T. Kai, I. Nakayama, and K. Takahashi, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in direct-bonded MgO:LiNbO3 pure crystal waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 40(21), 1359 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Achtenhagen, W. D. Bragg, J. O’Daniel, and P. Young, “Efficient green-light generation from waveguide crystal,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 985 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, “Thermal inhibition of high-power second-harmonic generation in periodically poled LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131101 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, and J. M. Maillard, “Frequency doubling of an efficient continuous wave single-mode Yb-doped fiber laser at 978 nm in a periodically-poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6974–6979 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, “High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3659 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

N. Poli, M. G. Tarallo, M. Schioppo, C. W. Oates, and G. M. Tino, “A simplified optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 27–33 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Nishikawa, A. Ozawa, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, F.-L. Hong, and T. W. Hänsch, “Efficient 494 mW sodium resonance radiation from sum-frequency generation by using a periodically poled Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17792–17800 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Achtenhagen, W. D. Bragg, J. O’Daniel, and P. Young, “Efficient green-light generation from waveguide crystal,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 985 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, “Thermal inhibition of high-power second-harmonic generation in periodically poled LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, and J. M. Maillard, “Frequency doubling of an efficient continuous wave single-mode Yb-doped fiber laser at 978 nm in a periodically-poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6974–6979 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Le Targat, J.-J. Zondy, and P. Lemonde, “75%-efficiency blue generation from an intracavity PPKTP frequency doubler,” Opt. Commun. 247(4-6), 471–481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, K. Fukuda, T. Kai, I. Nakayama, and K. Takahashi, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in direct-bonded MgO:LiNbO3 pure crystal waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 40(21), 1359 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Klappauf, Y. Bidel, D. Wilkowski, T. Chanelière, and R. Kaiser, “Detailed study of an efficient blue laser source by second-harmonic generation in a semimonolithic cavity for the cooling of strontium atoms,” Appl. Opt. 43(12), 2510–2527 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “Direct-bonded QPM-LN ridge waveguide with high damage resistance at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 39(7), 609 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, “High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

K. R. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, “Observation of 99% pump depletion in single-pass second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 27(1), 43–45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, “Ultraviolet light generation in a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 1, No. 3B), 1751–1753 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, T. Yanagawa, H. Itoh, and H. Suzuki, “Reducing photorefractive effect in periodically poled ZnO- and MgO-doped LiNbO3 wavelength converters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(21), 3163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MgO doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, “Absolute scale of second-order nonlinear optical coefficients,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(9), 2268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

T. Kurosu and F. Shimizu, “Laser cooling and trapping of calcium and strontium,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29(Part 2, No. 11), L2127–L2129 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Achtenhagen, M.

M. Achtenhagen, W. D. Bragg, J. O’Daniel, and P. Young, “Efficient green-light generation from waveguide crystal,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 985 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Alexandrovski, A.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MgO doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

T. Nishikawa, A. Ozawa, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, F.-L. Hong, and T. W. Hänsch, “Efficient 494 mW sodium resonance radiation from sum-frequency generation by using a periodically poled Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17792–17800 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “Direct-bonded QPM-LN ridge waveguide with high damage resistance at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 39(7), 609 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, T. Yanagawa, H. Itoh, and H. Suzuki, “Reducing photorefractive effect in periodically poled ZnO- and MgO-doped LiNbO3 wavelength converters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(21), 3163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baillard, X.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berthoud, P.

L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bidel, Y.

B. G. Klappauf, Y. Bidel, D. Wilkowski, T. Chanelière, and R. Kaiser, “Detailed study of an efficient blue laser source by second-harmonic generation in a semimonolithic cavity for the cooling of strontium atoms,” Appl. Opt. 43(12), 2510–2527 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blatt, S.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouchier, A.

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, and J. M. Maillard, “Frequency doubling of an efficient continuous wave single-mode Yb-doped fiber laser at 978 nm in a periodically-poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6974–6979 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, M. M.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bragg, W. D.

M. Achtenhagen, W. D. Bragg, J. O’Daniel, and P. Young, “Efficient green-light generation from waveguide crystal,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 985 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brusch, A.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cacciapuoti, L.

L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, G. K.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chanelière, T.

B. G. Klappauf, Y. Bidel, D. Wilkowski, T. Chanelière, and R. Kaiser, “Detailed study of an efficient blue laser source by second-harmonic generation in a semimonolithic cavity for the cooling of strontium atoms,” Appl. Opt. 43(12), 2510–2527 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clairon, A.

L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dimarcq, N.

L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ertmer, W.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

K. R. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, “Observation of 99% pump depletion in single-pass second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 27(1), 43–45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MgO doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feltham, S.

L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Flambaum, V. V.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fouché, M.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foulon, G.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MgO doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, K.

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, K. Fukuda, T. Kai, I. Nakayama, and K. Takahashi, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in direct-bonded MgO:LiNbO3 pure crystal waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 40(21), 1359 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, Y.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MgO doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, and J. M. Maillard, “Frequency doubling of an efficient continuous wave single-mode Yb-doped fiber laser at 978 nm in a periodically-poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6974–6979 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gill, P.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Görlitz, A.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Nishikawa, A. Ozawa, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, F.-L. Hong, and T. W. Hänsch, “Efficient 494 mW sodium resonance radiation from sum-frequency generation by using a periodically poled Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17792–17800 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Higashi, R.

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hong, F.-L.

T. Nishikawa, A. Ozawa, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, F.-L. Hong, and T. W. Hänsch, “Efficient 494 mW sodium resonance radiation from sum-frequency generation by using a periodically poled Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17792–17800 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imaeda, M.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, “High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ito, R.

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, “Absolute scale of second-order nonlinear optical coefficients,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(9), 2268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, H.

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, T. Yanagawa, H. Itoh, and H. Suzuki, “Reducing photorefractive effect in periodically poled ZnO- and MgO-doped LiNbO3 wavelength converters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(21), 3163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Iwai, M.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, “High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jornod, A.

L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kai, T.

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, K. Fukuda, T. Kai, I. Nakayama, and K. Takahashi, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in direct-bonded MgO:LiNbO3 pure crystal waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 40(21), 1359 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, R.

B. G. Klappauf, Y. Bidel, D. Wilkowski, T. Chanelière, and R. Kaiser, “Detailed study of an efficient blue laser source by second-harmonic generation in a semimonolithic cavity for the cooling of strontium atoms,” Appl. Opt. 43(12), 2510–2527 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katori, H.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitamoto, A.

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, “Absolute scale of second-order nonlinear optical coefficients,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(9), 2268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, K.

O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, “Thermal inhibition of high-power second-harmonic generation in periodically poled LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MgO doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kitaoka, Y.

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, “Ultraviolet light generation in a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 1, No. 3B), 1751–1753 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Klappauf, B. G.

B. G. Klappauf, Y. Bidel, D. Wilkowski, T. Chanelière, and R. Kaiser, “Detailed study of an efficient blue laser source by second-harmonic generation in a semimonolithic cavity for the cooling of strontium atoms,” Appl. Opt. 43(12), 2510–2527 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klein, H. A.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Klein, V.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koelemeij, J. C. J.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, T.

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, “Absolute scale of second-order nonlinear optical coefficients,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(9), 2268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kurimura, S.

O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, “Thermal inhibition of high-power second-harmonic generation in periodically poled LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kurosu, T.

T. Kurosu and F. Shimizu, “Laser cooling and trapping of calcium and strontium,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29(Part 2, No. 11), L2127–L2129 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, J. R.

K. R. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, “Observation of 99% pump depletion in single-pass second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 27(1), 43–45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Laurent, P.

L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le Targat, R.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Le Targat, J.-J. Zondy, and P. Lemonde, “75%-efficiency blue generation from an intracavity PPKTP frequency doubler,” Opt. Commun. 247(4-6), 471–481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lemonde, P.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Le Targat, J.-J. Zondy, and P. Lemonde, “75%-efficiency blue generation from an intracavity PPKTP frequency doubler,” Opt. Commun. 247(4-6), 471–481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Louchev, O. A.

O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, “Thermal inhibition of high-power second-harmonic generation in periodically poled LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lucas-Leclin, G.

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, and J. M. Maillard, “Frequency doubling of an efficient continuous wave single-mode Yb-doped fiber laser at 978 nm in a periodically-poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6974–6979 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ludlow, A. D.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maillard, J. M.

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, and J. M. Maillard, “Frequency doubling of an efficient continuous wave single-mode Yb-doped fiber laser at 978 nm in a periodically-poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6974–6979 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Margolis, H. S.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mileti, G.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miyazawa, H.

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “Direct-bonded QPM-LN ridge waveguide with high damage resistance at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 39(7), 609 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mizuuchi, K.

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, K. Fukuda, T. Kai, I. Nakayama, and K. Takahashi, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in direct-bonded MgO:LiNbO3 pure crystal waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 40(21), 1359 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, “Ultraviolet light generation in a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 1, No. 3B), 1751–1753 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, I.

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, K. Fukuda, T. Kai, I. Nakayama, and K. Takahashi, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in direct-bonded MgO:LiNbO3 pure crystal waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 40(21), 1359 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nevsky, A.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

T. Nishikawa, A. Ozawa, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, F.-L. Hong, and T. W. Hänsch, “Efficient 494 mW sodium resonance radiation from sum-frequency generation by using a periodically poled Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17792–17800 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “Direct-bonded QPM-LN ridge waveguide with high damage resistance at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 39(7), 609 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nishikawa, T.

T. Nishikawa, A. Ozawa, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, F.-L. Hong, and T. W. Hänsch, “Efficient 494 mW sodium resonance radiation from sum-frequency generation by using a periodically poled Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17792–17800 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Daniel, J.

M. Achtenhagen, W. D. Bragg, J. O’Daniel, and P. Young, “Efficient green-light generation from waveguide crystal,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 985 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

N. Poli, M. G. Tarallo, M. Schioppo, C. W. Oates, and G. M. Tino, “A simplified optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 27–33 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ozawa, A.

T. Nishikawa, A. Ozawa, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, F.-L. Hong, and T. W. Hänsch, “Efficient 494 mW sodium resonance radiation from sum-frequency generation by using a periodically poled Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17792–17800 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parameswaran, K. R.

K. R. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, “Observation of 99% pump depletion in single-pass second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 27(1), 43–45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pavel, N.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, “High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peik, E.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poli, N.

N. Poli, M. G. Tarallo, M. Schioppo, C. W. Oates, and G. M. Tino, “A simplified optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 27–33 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rasel, E.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reina, F.

L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Riehle, F.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R. V.

K. R. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, “Observation of 99% pump depletion in single-pass second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 27(1), 43–45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Route, R. K.

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MgO doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Salomon, C.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Santarelli, G.

L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schioppo, M.

N. Poli, M. G. Tarallo, M. Schioppo, C. W. Oates, and G. M. Tino, “A simplified optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 27–33 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, F.

T. Kurosu and F. Shimizu, “Laser cooling and trapping of calcium and strontium,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29(Part 2, No. 11), L2127–L2129 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shirane, M.

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, “Absolute scale of second-order nonlinear optical coefficients,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(9), 2268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shoji, I.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, “High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, “Absolute scale of second-order nonlinear optical coefficients,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(9), 2268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sterr, U.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, T.

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, K. Fukuda, T. Kai, I. Nakayama, and K. Takahashi, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in direct-bonded MgO:LiNbO3 pure crystal waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 40(21), 1359 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, “Ultraviolet light generation in a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 1, No. 3B), 1751–1753 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “Direct-bonded QPM-LN ridge waveguide with high damage resistance at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 39(7), 609 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, T. Yanagawa, H. Itoh, and H. Suzuki, “Reducing photorefractive effect in periodically poled ZnO- and MgO-doped LiNbO3 wavelength converters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(21), 3163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tadanaga, O.

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “Direct-bonded QPM-LN ridge waveguide with high damage resistance at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 39(7), 609 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, T. Yanagawa, H. Itoh, and H. Suzuki, “Reducing photorefractive effect in periodically poled ZnO- and MgO-doped LiNbO3 wavelength converters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(21), 3163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, “High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, K.

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, K. Fukuda, T. Kai, I. Nakayama, and K. Takahashi, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in direct-bonded MgO:LiNbO3 pure crystal waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 40(21), 1359 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takamoto, M.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tamm, C.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tarallo, M. G.

N. Poli, M. G. Tarallo, M. Schioppo, C. W. Oates, and G. M. Tino, “A simplified optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 27–33 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, J. W.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tino, G. M.

N. Poli, M. G. Tarallo, M. Schioppo, C. W. Oates, and G. M. Tino, “A simplified optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 27–33 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wicht, A.

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wilkowski, D.

B. G. Klappauf, Y. Bidel, D. Wilkowski, T. Chanelière, and R. Kaiser, “Detailed study of an efficient blue laser source by second-harmonic generation in a semimonolithic cavity for the cooling of strontium atoms,” Appl. Opt. 43(12), 2510–2527 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, S.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, “High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, K. Fukuda, T. Kai, I. Nakayama, and K. Takahashi, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in direct-bonded MgO:LiNbO3 pure crystal waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 40(21), 1359 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, “Ultraviolet light generation in a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 1, No. 3B), 1751–1753 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yanagawa, T.

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, T. Yanagawa, H. Itoh, and H. Suzuki, “Reducing photorefractive effect in periodically poled ZnO- and MgO-doped LiNbO3 wavelength converters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(21), 3163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshino, T.

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, “High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Young, P.

M. Achtenhagen, W. D. Bragg, J. O’Daniel, and P. Young, “Efficient green-light generation from waveguide crystal,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 985 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, N. E.

O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, “Thermal inhibition of high-power second-harmonic generation in periodically poled LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zelevinsky, T.

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zondy, J.-J.

R. Le Targat, J.-J. Zondy, and P. Lemonde, “75%-efficiency blue generation from an intracavity PPKTP frequency doubler,” Opt. Commun. 247(4-6), 471–481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

B. G. Klappauf, Y. Bidel, D. Wilkowski, T. Chanelière, and R. Kaiser, “Detailed study of an efficient blue laser source by second-harmonic generation in a semimonolithic cavity for the cooling of strontium atoms,” Appl. Opt. 43(12), 2510–2527 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

N. Poli, M. G. Tarallo, M. Schioppo, C. W. Oates, and G. M. Tino, “A simplified optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 97(1), 27–33 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, T. Yanagawa, H. Itoh, and H. Suzuki, “Reducing photorefractive effect in periodically poled ZnO- and MgO-doped LiNbO3 wavelength converters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(21), 3163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Furukawa, K. Kitamura, A. Alexandrovski, R. K. Route, M. M. Fejer, and G. Foulon, “Green-induced infrared absorption in MgO doped LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(14), 1970 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Louchev, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, and K. Kitamura, “Thermal inhibition of high-power second-harmonic generation in periodically poled LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Iwai, T. Yoshino, S. Yamaguchi, M. Imaeda, N. Pavel, I. Shoji, and T. Taira, “High-power blue generation from a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 ridge-type waveguide by frequency doubling of a diode end-pumped Nd:Y3Al5O12 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(18), 3659 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Achtenhagen, W. D. Bragg, J. O’Daniel, and P. Young, “Efficient green-light generation from waveguide crystal,” Electron. Lett. 44(16), 985 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “Direct-bonded QPM-LN ridge waveguide with high damage resistance at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 39(7), 609 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, K. Fukuda, T. Kai, I. Nakayama, and K. Takahashi, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation in direct-bonded MgO:LiNbO3 pure crystal waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 40(21), 1359 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, “Absolute scale of second-order nonlinear optical coefficients,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(9), 2268 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

T. Sugita, K. Mizuuchi, Y. Kitaoka, and K. Yamamoto, “Ultraviolet light generation in a periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 1, No. 3B), 1751–1753 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Kurosu and F. Shimizu, “Laser cooling and trapping of calcium and strontium,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29(Part 2, No. 11), L2127–L2129 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. (2)

S. Schiller, A. Görlitz, A. Nevsky, J. C. J. Koelemeij, A. Wicht, P. Gill, H. A. Klein, H. S. Margolis, G. Mileti, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, E. Peik, C. Tamm, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, V. Klein, C. Salomon, G. M. Tino, P. Lemonde, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical clocks in space,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 300–302 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Cacciapuoti, N. Dimarcq, G. Santarelli, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, P. Berthoud, A. Jornod, F. Reina, and S. Feltham, “S, Feltham, and C. Salomon, “Atomic clock ensemble in space: Scientific objectives and mission status,” Nucl. Phys. B Proc. Suppl. 166, 303–306 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Le Targat, J.-J. Zondy, and P. Lemonde, “75%-efficiency blue generation from an intracavity PPKTP frequency doubler,” Opt. Commun. 247(4-6), 471–481 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

T. Nishikawa, A. Ozawa, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, F.-L. Hong, and T. W. Hänsch, “Efficient 494 mW sodium resonance radiation from sum-frequency generation by using a periodically poled Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17792–17800 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bouchier, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, and J. M. Maillard, “Frequency doubling of an efficient continuous wave single-mode Yb-doped fiber laser at 978 nm in a periodically-poled MgO:LiNbO3 waveguide,” Opt. Express 13(18), 6974–6979 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

K. R. Parameswaran, J. R. Kurz, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, “Observation of 99% pump depletion in single-pass second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 27(1), 43–45 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Blatt, A. D. Ludlow, G. K. Campbell, J. W. Thomsen, T. Zelevinsky, M. M. Boyd, J. Ye, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, R. Le Targat, A. Brusch, P. Lemonde, M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, H. Katori, and V. V. Flambaum, “New limits on coupling of fundamental constants to gravity using 87Sr optical lattice clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(14), 140801 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

H. Katori, “Spectroscopy of strontium atoms in the Lamb-Dicke confinement,” in Proceedings of the 6th Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, P. Gill, ed. (World Scientific, Singapore, 2002), 
pp. 323.

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications, (Oxford University, New York, 1997).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Schematic diagram of experimental setup. ECLD, extended cavity laser diode; TA, tapered amplifier; λ/2, half waveplate; PM fiber, polarization-maintaining fiber; Zn:PPLN, zinc-doped periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide; DM, dichroic mirrors. After separation of the SH light from the fundamental light with the dichroic mirrors, the output power is measured. The SH light is also employed for the MOT of strontium atoms.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) SH power (a) and conversion efficiency (b) versus the coupled fundamental power, along with the fitted curves based on the pump depletion model. The inset of (b) shows the normalized conversion efficiency dependence on the coupled fundamental power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) SH power as a function of the temperature of waveguide (A), when the pump power is 44 mW (a) and 248 mW (b).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P o u t 2 ω = η P i n ω = P i n ω tanh 2 ( η 0 P i n ω L ) ,
d e f f = c 0 ω ε 0 c 0 n ( ω ) n ( 2 ω ) A e f f η 0 ,
η = ν b 2 sn 2 ( η 0 P i n ω L ν b , ν b 4 ) ,
ν b = 1 Δ k / 4 η 0 P i n ω + ( 1 + ( Δ k / 4 η 0 P i n ω ) 2 ) 1 / 2

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