Abstract

Upconversion photoluminescence (PL) of Er3+-doped BaTiO3 (BTO) with perovskite ABO3 structure is studied in terms of Er3+ substitutions for Ba (A-) and Ti (B-site) with different Er3+ doping concentrations. PL quenching with an increase Er3+ doping concentration is investigated based on the structural change and energy transfer of cross-relaxation process in BTO: Er, i.e. 2H11/2 + 4I15/24I9/2 + 4I13/2. Temperature dependence of the PL in BTO: Er is revealed, which is associated with phase transitions of BTO host. The results imply that the emission from substituted Er3+ ions may be used as a structural probe for the ferroelectric titanates.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. J. E. Daniels, W. Jo, J. Rödel, and J. L. Jones, “Electric-field-induced phase transformation at a lead-free morphotropic phase boundary: case study in a 93%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-7% BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 032904 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Tinte and M. G. Stachiotti, “Surface effects and ferroelectric phase transitions in BaTiO3 ultrathin films,” Phys. Rev. B 64(23), 235403 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. H. Hao, J. Gao, Z. Wang, and D. P. Yu, “Interface structure and phase of epitaxial SrTiO3 (100) thin films grown directly on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131908 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(3), 325–333 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. X. Liu, W. A. Pisarski, S. J. Zeng, C. F. Xu, and Q. B. Yang, “Tri-color upconversion luminescence of Rare earth doped BaTiO3 nanocrystals and lowered color separation,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9089–9098 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Schlaghechen, J. Gottmann, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, “Pulsed laser deposition of Er: BaTiO3 for planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79, 1255–1257 (2004).
  7. A. Polman, “Erbium as a probe of everything?” Physica B 300(1-4), 78–90 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. M. Samsuri, A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ahmad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with enhanced feedback coupling using common Erbium gain section,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16475–16480 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Takada, E. Chang, and D. M. Smyth, “Rare-earth addition to BaTiO3,” Adv. Ceram. 19, 147–152 (1987).
  10. T. D. Dunbar, W. L. Warren, B. A. Tuttle, C. A. Randall, and Y. Tsur, “Electron paramagnetic resonance investigations of lanthanide-doped barium titanate: dopant site occupancy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(3), 908–917 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. T. Buscaglia, M. Viviani, V. Buscaglia, C. Bottino, and P. Nanni, “Incorporation of Er3+ into BaTiO3,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1569–1575 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. V. Mitic, Z. S. Nikolic, V. B. Pavlovic, V. Paunovic, M. Miljkovic, B. Jordovic, and L. Zivkovic, “Influence of rare-earth dopants on barium titanate ceramics microstructure and corresponding electrical properties,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(1), 132–137 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. H. Hwang and Y. H. Han, “Dielectric properties of erbium doped barium titanate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 1, No. 2A), 676–679 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Z. Zhang, M. R. Shen, L. Fang, F. G. Zheng, X. L. Wu, J. C. Shen, and H. T. Chen, “Pr3+ photoluminescence in ferroelectric (Ba0.77Ca0.23)TiO3 ceramics: sensitive to polarization and phase transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 222908 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. H. Wen, S. Y. Chu, Y. D. Juang, and C. K. Wen, “New phase transition of erbium-doped KNbO3 polycrystalline,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1-2), 179–184 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. S. Dobal and R. S. Katiyar, “Studies on ferroelectric perovskites and Bi-layered compounds using micro-Raman spectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 33(6), 405–423 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. H. Hao, S. A. Studenikin, and M. Cocivera, “Transient photoconductivity properties of tungsten oxide thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(10), 5064–5069 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Z. L. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, H. L. Li, and J. H. Hao, “Highly efficient low-voltage cathodoluminescence of LaF3:Ln3+ (Ln=Eu3+, Ce3+, Tb3+) spherical particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 141106 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C. E. Jiang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, F. G. Zheng, and X. L. Wu, “Effects of Eu substituting positions and concentrations on luminescent, dielectric, and magnetic properties of SrTiO3 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071110 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. E. Na, S. C. Choi, and U. Paik, “Temperature dependence of dielectric properties of rare earth element doped BaTiO3,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 4(4), 181–184 (2003).
  21. M. Ishii, S. Komuro, T. Morikawa, and Y. Aoyagi, “Local structure analysis of optically active center in Er-doped ZnO thin film,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(7), 3679–3684 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Z. Zhou, T. Komori, T. Ayukawa, H. Yukawa, M. Morinaga, A. Koizumi, and Y. Takeda, “Li- and Er-codoped ZnO with enhanced 1.54 μm photoemission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(9), 091109 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

V. V. Mitic, Z. S. Nikolic, V. B. Pavlovic, V. Paunovic, M. Miljkovic, B. Jordovic, and L. Zivkovic, “Influence of rare-earth dopants on barium titanate ceramics microstructure and corresponding electrical properties,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(1), 132–137 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

J. E. Daniels, W. Jo, J. Rödel, and J. L. Jones, “Electric-field-induced phase transformation at a lead-free morphotropic phase boundary: case study in a 93%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-7% BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 032904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Liu, W. A. Pisarski, S. J. Zeng, C. F. Xu, and Q. B. Yang, “Tri-color upconversion luminescence of Rare earth doped BaTiO3 nanocrystals and lowered color separation,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9089–9098 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Jiang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, F. G. Zheng, and X. L. Wu, “Effects of Eu substituting positions and concentrations on luminescent, dielectric, and magnetic properties of SrTiO3 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

Z. L. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, H. L. Li, and J. H. Hao, “Highly efficient low-voltage cathodoluminescence of LaF3:Ln3+ (Ln=Eu3+, Ce3+, Tb3+) spherical particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 141106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Samsuri, A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ahmad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with enhanced feedback coupling using common Erbium gain section,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16475–16480 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(3), 325–333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Z. Zhang, M. R. Shen, L. Fang, F. G. Zheng, X. L. Wu, J. C. Shen, and H. T. Chen, “Pr3+ photoluminescence in ferroelectric (Ba0.77Ca0.23)TiO3 ceramics: sensitive to polarization and phase transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 222908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

C. H. Wen, S. Y. Chu, Y. D. Juang, and C. K. Wen, “New phase transition of erbium-doped KNbO3 polycrystalline,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1-2), 179–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, Z. Wang, and D. P. Yu, “Interface structure and phase of epitaxial SrTiO3 (100) thin films grown directly on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131908 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhou, T. Komori, T. Ayukawa, H. Yukawa, M. Morinaga, A. Koizumi, and Y. Takeda, “Li- and Er-codoped ZnO with enhanced 1.54 μm photoemission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(9), 091109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

G. Schlaghechen, J. Gottmann, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, “Pulsed laser deposition of Er: BaTiO3 for planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79, 1255–1257 (2004).

T. D. Dunbar, W. L. Warren, B. A. Tuttle, C. A. Randall, and Y. Tsur, “Electron paramagnetic resonance investigations of lanthanide-doped barium titanate: dopant site occupancy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(3), 908–917 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

E. Na, S. C. Choi, and U. Paik, “Temperature dependence of dielectric properties of rare earth element doped BaTiO3,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 4(4), 181–184 (2003).

2002 (2)

M. T. Buscaglia, M. Viviani, V. Buscaglia, C. Bottino, and P. Nanni, “Incorporation of Er3+ into BaTiO3,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1569–1575 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Dobal and R. S. Katiyar, “Studies on ferroelectric perovskites and Bi-layered compounds using micro-Raman spectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 33(6), 405–423 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (5)

J. H. Hao, S. A. Studenikin, and M. Cocivera, “Transient photoconductivity properties of tungsten oxide thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(10), 5064–5069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Hwang and Y. H. Han, “Dielectric properties of erbium doped barium titanate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 1, No. 2A), 676–679 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Polman, “Erbium as a probe of everything?” Physica B 300(1-4), 78–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Tinte and M. G. Stachiotti, “Surface effects and ferroelectric phase transitions in BaTiO3 ultrathin films,” Phys. Rev. B 64(23), 235403 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Ishii, S. Komuro, T. Morikawa, and Y. Aoyagi, “Local structure analysis of optically active center in Er-doped ZnO thin film,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(7), 3679–3684 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

K. Takada, E. Chang, and D. M. Smyth, “Rare-earth addition to BaTiO3,” Adv. Ceram. 19, 147–152 (1987).

Ahmad, A.

N. M. Samsuri, A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ahmad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with enhanced feedback coupling using common Erbium gain section,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16475–16480 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

N. M. Samsuri, A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ahmad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with enhanced feedback coupling using common Erbium gain section,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16475–16480 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aoyagi, Y.

M. Ishii, S. Komuro, T. Morikawa, and Y. Aoyagi, “Local structure analysis of optically active center in Er-doped ZnO thin film,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(7), 3679–3684 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ayukawa, T.

Z. Zhou, T. Komori, T. Ayukawa, H. Yukawa, M. Morinaga, A. Koizumi, and Y. Takeda, “Li- and Er-codoped ZnO with enhanced 1.54 μm photoemission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(9), 091109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baba, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(3), 325–333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bottino, C.

M. T. Buscaglia, M. Viviani, V. Buscaglia, C. Bottino, and P. Nanni, “Incorporation of Er3+ into BaTiO3,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1569–1575 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Buscaglia, M. T.

M. T. Buscaglia, M. Viviani, V. Buscaglia, C. Bottino, and P. Nanni, “Incorporation of Er3+ into BaTiO3,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1569–1575 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Buscaglia, V.

M. T. Buscaglia, M. Viviani, V. Buscaglia, C. Bottino, and P. Nanni, “Incorporation of Er3+ into BaTiO3,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1569–1575 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chan, H. L. W.

Z. L. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, H. L. Li, and J. H. Hao, “Highly efficient low-voltage cathodoluminescence of LaF3:Ln3+ (Ln=Eu3+, Ce3+, Tb3+) spherical particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 141106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, E.

K. Takada, E. Chang, and D. M. Smyth, “Rare-earth addition to BaTiO3,” Adv. Ceram. 19, 147–152 (1987).

Chen, H. T.

P. Z. Zhang, M. R. Shen, L. Fang, F. G. Zheng, X. L. Wu, J. C. Shen, and H. T. Chen, “Pr3+ photoluminescence in ferroelectric (Ba0.77Ca0.23)TiO3 ceramics: sensitive to polarization and phase transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 222908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. C.

E. Na, S. C. Choi, and U. Paik, “Temperature dependence of dielectric properties of rare earth element doped BaTiO3,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 4(4), 181–184 (2003).

Chu, S. Y.

C. H. Wen, S. Y. Chu, Y. D. Juang, and C. K. Wen, “New phase transition of erbium-doped KNbO3 polycrystalline,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1-2), 179–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cocivera, M.

J. H. Hao, S. A. Studenikin, and M. Cocivera, “Transient photoconductivity properties of tungsten oxide thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(10), 5064–5069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Daniels, J. E.

J. E. Daniels, W. Jo, J. Rödel, and J. L. Jones, “Electric-field-induced phase transformation at a lead-free morphotropic phase boundary: case study in a 93%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-7% BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 032904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dobal, P. S.

P. S. Dobal and R. S. Katiyar, “Studies on ferroelectric perovskites and Bi-layered compounds using micro-Raman spectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 33(6), 405–423 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dunbar, T. D.

T. D. Dunbar, W. L. Warren, B. A. Tuttle, C. A. Randall, and Y. Tsur, “Electron paramagnetic resonance investigations of lanthanide-doped barium titanate: dopant site occupancy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(3), 908–917 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fang, L.

C. E. Jiang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, F. G. Zheng, and X. L. Wu, “Effects of Eu substituting positions and concentrations on luminescent, dielectric, and magnetic properties of SrTiO3 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Z. Zhang, M. R. Shen, L. Fang, F. G. Zheng, X. L. Wu, J. C. Shen, and H. T. Chen, “Pr3+ photoluminescence in ferroelectric (Ba0.77Ca0.23)TiO3 ceramics: sensitive to polarization and phase transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 222908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(3), 325–333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J.

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, Z. Wang, and D. P. Yu, “Interface structure and phase of epitaxial SrTiO3 (100) thin films grown directly on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131908 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gottmann, J.

G. Schlaghechen, J. Gottmann, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, “Pulsed laser deposition of Er: BaTiO3 for planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79, 1255–1257 (2004).

Han, Y. H.

J. H. Hwang and Y. H. Han, “Dielectric properties of erbium doped barium titanate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 1, No. 2A), 676–679 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hao, J. H.

Z. L. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, H. L. Li, and J. H. Hao, “Highly efficient low-voltage cathodoluminescence of LaF3:Ln3+ (Ln=Eu3+, Ce3+, Tb3+) spherical particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 141106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, Z. Wang, and D. P. Yu, “Interface structure and phase of epitaxial SrTiO3 (100) thin films grown directly on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131908 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Hao, S. A. Studenikin, and M. Cocivera, “Transient photoconductivity properties of tungsten oxide thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(10), 5064–5069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, J. H.

J. H. Hwang and Y. H. Han, “Dielectric properties of erbium doped barium titanate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 1, No. 2A), 676–679 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ichihara, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(3), 325–333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, M.

M. Ishii, S. Komuro, T. Morikawa, and Y. Aoyagi, “Local structure analysis of optically active center in Er-doped ZnO thin film,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(7), 3679–3684 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, C. E.

C. E. Jiang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, F. G. Zheng, and X. L. Wu, “Effects of Eu substituting positions and concentrations on luminescent, dielectric, and magnetic properties of SrTiO3 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jo, W.

J. E. Daniels, W. Jo, J. Rödel, and J. L. Jones, “Electric-field-induced phase transformation at a lead-free morphotropic phase boundary: case study in a 93%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-7% BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 032904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jones, J. L.

J. E. Daniels, W. Jo, J. Rödel, and J. L. Jones, “Electric-field-induced phase transformation at a lead-free morphotropic phase boundary: case study in a 93%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-7% BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 032904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jordovic, B.

V. V. Mitic, Z. S. Nikolic, V. B. Pavlovic, V. Paunovic, M. Miljkovic, B. Jordovic, and L. Zivkovic, “Influence of rare-earth dopants on barium titanate ceramics microstructure and corresponding electrical properties,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(1), 132–137 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Juang, Y. D.

C. H. Wen, S. Y. Chu, Y. D. Juang, and C. K. Wen, “New phase transition of erbium-doped KNbO3 polycrystalline,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1-2), 179–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Katiyar, R. S.

P. S. Dobal and R. S. Katiyar, “Studies on ferroelectric perovskites and Bi-layered compounds using micro-Raman spectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 33(6), 405–423 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koizumi, A.

Z. Zhou, T. Komori, T. Ayukawa, H. Yukawa, M. Morinaga, A. Koizumi, and Y. Takeda, “Li- and Er-codoped ZnO with enhanced 1.54 μm photoemission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(9), 091109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Komori, T.

Z. Zhou, T. Komori, T. Ayukawa, H. Yukawa, M. Morinaga, A. Koizumi, and Y. Takeda, “Li- and Er-codoped ZnO with enhanced 1.54 μm photoemission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(9), 091109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Komuro, S.

M. Ishii, S. Komuro, T. Morikawa, and Y. Aoyagi, “Local structure analysis of optically active center in Er-doped ZnO thin film,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(7), 3679–3684 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kreutz, E. W.

G. Schlaghechen, J. Gottmann, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, “Pulsed laser deposition of Er: BaTiO3 for planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79, 1255–1257 (2004).

Kuroda, H.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(3), 325–333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. L.

Z. L. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, H. L. Li, and J. H. Hao, “Highly efficient low-voltage cathodoluminescence of LaF3:Ln3+ (Ln=Eu3+, Ce3+, Tb3+) spherical particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 141106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. X.

Y. X. Liu, W. A. Pisarski, S. J. Zeng, C. F. Xu, and Q. B. Yang, “Tri-color upconversion luminescence of Rare earth doped BaTiO3 nanocrystals and lowered color separation,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9089–9098 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mahdi, M. A.

N. M. Samsuri, A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ahmad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with enhanced feedback coupling using common Erbium gain section,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16475–16480 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miljkovic, M.

V. V. Mitic, Z. S. Nikolic, V. B. Pavlovic, V. Paunovic, M. Miljkovic, B. Jordovic, and L. Zivkovic, “Influence of rare-earth dopants on barium titanate ceramics microstructure and corresponding electrical properties,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(1), 132–137 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mitic, V. V.

V. V. Mitic, Z. S. Nikolic, V. B. Pavlovic, V. Paunovic, M. Miljkovic, B. Jordovic, and L. Zivkovic, “Influence of rare-earth dopants on barium titanate ceramics microstructure and corresponding electrical properties,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(1), 132–137 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morikawa, T.

M. Ishii, S. Komuro, T. Morikawa, and Y. Aoyagi, “Local structure analysis of optically active center in Er-doped ZnO thin film,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(7), 3679–3684 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Morinaga, M.

Z. Zhou, T. Komori, T. Ayukawa, H. Yukawa, M. Morinaga, A. Koizumi, and Y. Takeda, “Li- and Er-codoped ZnO with enhanced 1.54 μm photoemission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(9), 091109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Na, E.

E. Na, S. C. Choi, and U. Paik, “Temperature dependence of dielectric properties of rare earth element doped BaTiO3,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 4(4), 181–184 (2003).

Nanni, P.

M. T. Buscaglia, M. Viviani, V. Buscaglia, C. Bottino, and P. Nanni, “Incorporation of Er3+ into BaTiO3,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1569–1575 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nikolic, Z. S.

V. V. Mitic, Z. S. Nikolic, V. B. Pavlovic, V. Paunovic, M. Miljkovic, B. Jordovic, and L. Zivkovic, “Influence of rare-earth dopants on barium titanate ceramics microstructure and corresponding electrical properties,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(1), 132–137 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Paik, U.

E. Na, S. C. Choi, and U. Paik, “Temperature dependence of dielectric properties of rare earth element doped BaTiO3,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 4(4), 181–184 (2003).

Paunovic, V.

V. V. Mitic, Z. S. Nikolic, V. B. Pavlovic, V. Paunovic, M. Miljkovic, B. Jordovic, and L. Zivkovic, “Influence of rare-earth dopants on barium titanate ceramics microstructure and corresponding electrical properties,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(1), 132–137 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pavlovic, V. B.

V. V. Mitic, Z. S. Nikolic, V. B. Pavlovic, V. Paunovic, M. Miljkovic, B. Jordovic, and L. Zivkovic, “Influence of rare-earth dopants on barium titanate ceramics microstructure and corresponding electrical properties,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(1), 132–137 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pisarski, W. A.

Y. X. Liu, W. A. Pisarski, S. J. Zeng, C. F. Xu, and Q. B. Yang, “Tri-color upconversion luminescence of Rare earth doped BaTiO3 nanocrystals and lowered color separation,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9089–9098 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polman, A.

A. Polman, “Erbium as a probe of everything?” Physica B 300(1-4), 78–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Poprawe, R.

G. Schlaghechen, J. Gottmann, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, “Pulsed laser deposition of Er: BaTiO3 for planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79, 1255–1257 (2004).

Randall, C. A.

T. D. Dunbar, W. L. Warren, B. A. Tuttle, C. A. Randall, and Y. Tsur, “Electron paramagnetic resonance investigations of lanthanide-doped barium titanate: dopant site occupancy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(3), 908–917 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rödel, J.

J. E. Daniels, W. Jo, J. Rödel, and J. L. Jones, “Electric-field-induced phase transformation at a lead-free morphotropic phase boundary: case study in a 93%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-7% BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 032904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Samsuri, N. M.

N. M. Samsuri, A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ahmad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with enhanced feedback coupling using common Erbium gain section,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16475–16480 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schlaghechen, G.

G. Schlaghechen, J. Gottmann, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, “Pulsed laser deposition of Er: BaTiO3 for planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79, 1255–1257 (2004).

Shen, J. C.

P. Z. Zhang, M. R. Shen, L. Fang, F. G. Zheng, X. L. Wu, J. C. Shen, and H. T. Chen, “Pr3+ photoluminescence in ferroelectric (Ba0.77Ca0.23)TiO3 ceramics: sensitive to polarization and phase transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 222908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shen, M. R.

C. E. Jiang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, F. G. Zheng, and X. L. Wu, “Effects of Eu substituting positions and concentrations on luminescent, dielectric, and magnetic properties of SrTiO3 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Z. Zhang, M. R. Shen, L. Fang, F. G. Zheng, X. L. Wu, J. C. Shen, and H. T. Chen, “Pr3+ photoluminescence in ferroelectric (Ba0.77Ca0.23)TiO3 ceramics: sensitive to polarization and phase transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 222908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smyth, D. M.

K. Takada, E. Chang, and D. M. Smyth, “Rare-earth addition to BaTiO3,” Adv. Ceram. 19, 147–152 (1987).

Stachiotti, M. G.

S. Tinte and M. G. Stachiotti, “Surface effects and ferroelectric phase transitions in BaTiO3 ultrathin films,” Phys. Rev. B 64(23), 235403 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Studenikin, S. A.

J. H. Hao, S. A. Studenikin, and M. Cocivera, “Transient photoconductivity properties of tungsten oxide thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(10), 5064–5069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(3), 325–333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takada, K.

K. Takada, E. Chang, and D. M. Smyth, “Rare-earth addition to BaTiO3,” Adv. Ceram. 19, 147–152 (1987).

Takeda, Y.

Z. Zhou, T. Komori, T. Ayukawa, H. Yukawa, M. Morinaga, A. Koizumi, and Y. Takeda, “Li- and Er-codoped ZnO with enhanced 1.54 μm photoemission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(9), 091109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tinte, S.

S. Tinte and M. G. Stachiotti, “Surface effects and ferroelectric phase transitions in BaTiO3 ultrathin films,” Phys. Rev. B 64(23), 235403 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tsur, Y.

T. D. Dunbar, W. L. Warren, B. A. Tuttle, C. A. Randall, and Y. Tsur, “Electron paramagnetic resonance investigations of lanthanide-doped barium titanate: dopant site occupancy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(3), 908–917 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tuttle, B. A.

T. D. Dunbar, W. L. Warren, B. A. Tuttle, C. A. Randall, and Y. Tsur, “Electron paramagnetic resonance investigations of lanthanide-doped barium titanate: dopant site occupancy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(3), 908–917 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Viviani, M.

M. T. Buscaglia, M. Viviani, V. Buscaglia, C. Bottino, and P. Nanni, “Incorporation of Er3+ into BaTiO3,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1569–1575 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, Z. Wang, and D. P. Yu, “Interface structure and phase of epitaxial SrTiO3 (100) thin films grown directly on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131908 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. L.

Z. L. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, H. L. Li, and J. H. Hao, “Highly efficient low-voltage cathodoluminescence of LaF3:Ln3+ (Ln=Eu3+, Ce3+, Tb3+) spherical particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 141106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Warren, W. L.

T. D. Dunbar, W. L. Warren, B. A. Tuttle, C. A. Randall, and Y. Tsur, “Electron paramagnetic resonance investigations of lanthanide-doped barium titanate: dopant site occupancy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(3), 908–917 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wen, C. H.

C. H. Wen, S. Y. Chu, Y. D. Juang, and C. K. Wen, “New phase transition of erbium-doped KNbO3 polycrystalline,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1-2), 179–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wen, C. K.

C. H. Wen, S. Y. Chu, Y. D. Juang, and C. K. Wen, “New phase transition of erbium-doped KNbO3 polycrystalline,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1-2), 179–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X. L.

C. E. Jiang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, F. G. Zheng, and X. L. Wu, “Effects of Eu substituting positions and concentrations on luminescent, dielectric, and magnetic properties of SrTiO3 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Z. Zhang, M. R. Shen, L. Fang, F. G. Zheng, X. L. Wu, J. C. Shen, and H. T. Chen, “Pr3+ photoluminescence in ferroelectric (Ba0.77Ca0.23)TiO3 ceramics: sensitive to polarization and phase transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 222908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C. F.

Y. X. Liu, W. A. Pisarski, S. J. Zeng, C. F. Xu, and Q. B. Yang, “Tri-color upconversion luminescence of Rare earth doped BaTiO3 nanocrystals and lowered color separation,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9089–9098 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Q. B.

Y. X. Liu, W. A. Pisarski, S. J. Zeng, C. F. Xu, and Q. B. Yang, “Tri-color upconversion luminescence of Rare earth doped BaTiO3 nanocrystals and lowered color separation,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9089–9098 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, D. P.

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, Z. Wang, and D. P. Yu, “Interface structure and phase of epitaxial SrTiO3 (100) thin films grown directly on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131908 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yukawa, H.

Z. Zhou, T. Komori, T. Ayukawa, H. Yukawa, M. Morinaga, A. Koizumi, and Y. Takeda, “Li- and Er-codoped ZnO with enhanced 1.54 μm photoemission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(9), 091109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zamzuri, A. K.

N. M. Samsuri, A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ahmad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with enhanced feedback coupling using common Erbium gain section,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16475–16480 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, S. J.

Y. X. Liu, W. A. Pisarski, S. J. Zeng, C. F. Xu, and Q. B. Yang, “Tri-color upconversion luminescence of Rare earth doped BaTiO3 nanocrystals and lowered color separation,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9089–9098 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, P. Z.

P. Z. Zhang, M. R. Shen, L. Fang, F. G. Zheng, X. L. Wu, J. C. Shen, and H. T. Chen, “Pr3+ photoluminescence in ferroelectric (Ba0.77Ca0.23)TiO3 ceramics: sensitive to polarization and phase transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 222908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, F. G.

C. E. Jiang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, F. G. Zheng, and X. L. Wu, “Effects of Eu substituting positions and concentrations on luminescent, dielectric, and magnetic properties of SrTiO3 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Z. Zhang, M. R. Shen, L. Fang, F. G. Zheng, X. L. Wu, J. C. Shen, and H. T. Chen, “Pr3+ photoluminescence in ferroelectric (Ba0.77Ca0.23)TiO3 ceramics: sensitive to polarization and phase transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 222908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

Z. Zhou, T. Komori, T. Ayukawa, H. Yukawa, M. Morinaga, A. Koizumi, and Y. Takeda, “Li- and Er-codoped ZnO with enhanced 1.54 μm photoemission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(9), 091109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zivkovic, L.

V. V. Mitic, Z. S. Nikolic, V. B. Pavlovic, V. Paunovic, M. Miljkovic, B. Jordovic, and L. Zivkovic, “Influence of rare-earth dopants on barium titanate ceramics microstructure and corresponding electrical properties,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(1), 132–137 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Ceram. (1)

K. Takada, E. Chang, and D. M. Smyth, “Rare-earth addition to BaTiO3,” Adv. Ceram. 19, 147–152 (1987).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

J. E. Daniels, W. Jo, J. Rödel, and J. L. Jones, “Electric-field-induced phase transformation at a lead-free morphotropic phase boundary: case study in a 93%(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-7% BaTiO3 piezoelectric ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(3), 032904 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, Z. Wang, and D. P. Yu, “Interface structure and phase of epitaxial SrTiO3 (100) thin films grown directly on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131908 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Z. Zhang, M. R. Shen, L. Fang, F. G. Zheng, X. L. Wu, J. C. Shen, and H. T. Chen, “Pr3+ photoluminescence in ferroelectric (Ba0.77Ca0.23)TiO3 ceramics: sensitive to polarization and phase transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(22), 222908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, H. L. Li, and J. H. Hao, “Highly efficient low-voltage cathodoluminescence of LaF3:Ln3+ (Ln=Eu3+, Ce3+, Tb3+) spherical particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(14), 141106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Jiang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, F. G. Zheng, and X. L. Wu, “Effects of Eu substituting positions and concentrations on luminescent, dielectric, and magnetic properties of SrTiO3 ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhou, T. Komori, T. Ayukawa, H. Yukawa, M. Morinaga, A. Koizumi, and Y. Takeda, “Li- and Er-codoped ZnO with enhanced 1.54 μm photoemission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(9), 091109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

G. Schlaghechen, J. Gottmann, E. W. Kreutz, and R. Poprawe, “Pulsed laser deposition of Er: BaTiO3 for planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 79, 1255–1257 (2004).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (2)

M. T. Buscaglia, M. Viviani, V. Buscaglia, C. Bottino, and P. Nanni, “Incorporation of Er3+ into BaTiO3,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1569–1575 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Mitic, Z. S. Nikolic, V. B. Pavlovic, V. Paunovic, M. Miljkovic, B. Jordovic, and L. Zivkovic, “Influence of rare-earth dopants on barium titanate ceramics microstructure and corresponding electrical properties,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(1), 132–137 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. H. Hao, S. A. Studenikin, and M. Cocivera, “Transient photoconductivity properties of tungsten oxide thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 90(10), 5064–5069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Ishii, S. Komuro, T. Morikawa, and Y. Aoyagi, “Local structure analysis of optically active center in Er-doped ZnO thin film,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(7), 3679–3684 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Ceram. Process. Res. (1)

E. Na, S. C. Choi, and U. Paik, “Temperature dependence of dielectric properties of rare earth element doped BaTiO3,” J. Ceram. Process. Res. 4(4), 181–184 (2003).

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

C. H. Wen, S. Y. Chu, Y. D. Juang, and C. K. Wen, “New phase transition of erbium-doped KNbO3 polycrystalline,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1-2), 179–184 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(3), 325–333 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

T. D. Dunbar, W. L. Warren, B. A. Tuttle, C. A. Randall, and Y. Tsur, “Electron paramagnetic resonance investigations of lanthanide-doped barium titanate: dopant site occupancy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(3), 908–917 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

P. S. Dobal and R. S. Katiyar, “Studies on ferroelectric perovskites and Bi-layered compounds using micro-Raman spectroscopy,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 33(6), 405–423 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. H. Hwang and Y. H. Han, “Dielectric properties of erbium doped barium titanate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 1, No. 2A), 676–679 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

N. M. Samsuri, A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ahmad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with enhanced feedback coupling using common Erbium gain section,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16475–16480 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. X. Liu, W. A. Pisarski, S. J. Zeng, C. F. Xu, and Q. B. Yang, “Tri-color upconversion luminescence of Rare earth doped BaTiO3 nanocrystals and lowered color separation,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9089–9098 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. Tinte and M. G. Stachiotti, “Surface effects and ferroelectric phase transitions in BaTiO3 ultrathin films,” Phys. Rev. B 64(23), 235403 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Physica B (1)

A. Polman, “Erbium as a probe of everything?” Physica B 300(1-4), 78–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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