Abstract

We demonstrate a multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with double-Brillouin-frequency spacing. The wider channel spacing is realized by circulating the odd-order Stokes signals in the Brillouin gain medium through a four-port circulator. The circulated odd-order Stokes signals are amplified by the Brillouin gain and thus produce even-order Stokes signals at the output. These signals are then amplified by erbium gain block to form a ring-cavity laser. Ten channels with 0.174 nm spacing that are generated at 0.5 mW Brillouin pump power and 150 mW pump power at 1480 nm can be tuned from 1556 nm to 1564 nm. The minimum optical signal-to-noise ratio of the generated output channels is 30 dB with maximum power fluctuations of ±0.5 dB.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. J. W. Kim, P. Jelger, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power and wavelength-tunable operation of an Er,Yb fiber laser using a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1204–1206 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Zhao and S. D. Jackson, “Highly efficient free running cascaded Raman fiber laser that uses broadband pumping,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4731–4736 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. Md Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 918–920 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(16), 1250–1252 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, “Properties of Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(4), 1049–1057 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, M. Y. Jeon, and M.-Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1671–1673 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. K. Abd-Rahman, M. K. Abdullah, and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 135–139 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Tunable range enhancement of Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing Brillouin pump pre-amplification technique,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7649–7654 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, and M. Premaratne, “Enhancement of multiwavelength generation in the L-band by using a novel Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a passive EDF booster section,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11570–11575 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-erbium comb fiber laser utilizing nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(22), 5038–5044 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Bellemare, M. Karásek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, and M. Têtu, “Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(6), 825–831 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and M. López-Amo, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(4), 553–558 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Bolognini, M. A. Soto, and F. Di Pasquale, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on hybrid Raman and Brillouin scattering employing multiwavelength Fabry–Pérot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1523–1525 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 399–403 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(5), 055101 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. G. Shee, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ismail, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Double Brillouin frequency shift through circulation of odd-order Stokes signal,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3956–3959 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Widely tunable multi-wavelength Brillouinerbium fiber laser utilizing low SBS threshold photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12829–12834 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Z. Abd Rahman, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, A. F. Abas, M. H. Abu Bakar, and M. A. Mahdi, “Optimization of Brillouin pump wavelength location on tunable multiwavelength BEFL,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2110–2114 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2010

Y. G. Shee, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ismail, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Double Brillouin frequency shift through circulation of odd-order Stokes signal,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3956–3959 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Widely tunable multi-wavelength Brillouinerbium fiber laser utilizing low SBS threshold photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12829–12834 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Abd Rahman, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, A. F. Abas, M. H. Abu Bakar, and M. A. Mahdi, “Optimization of Brillouin pump wavelength location on tunable multiwavelength BEFL,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2110–2114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-erbium comb fiber laser utilizing nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(22), 5038–5044 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Bolognini, M. A. Soto, and F. Di Pasquale, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on hybrid Raman and Brillouin scattering employing multiwavelength Fabry–Pérot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1523–1525 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(5), 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim, P. Jelger, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power and wavelength-tunable operation of an Er,Yb fiber laser using a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1204–1206 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Tunable range enhancement of Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing Brillouin pump pre-amplification technique,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7649–7654 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, and M. Premaratne, “Enhancement of multiwavelength generation in the L-band by using a novel Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a passive EDF booster section,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11570–11575 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. Md Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 918–920 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

Y. Zhao and S. D. Jackson, “Highly efficient free running cascaded Raman fiber laser that uses broadband pumping,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4731–4736 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 399–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and M. López-Amo, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(4), 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

A. Bellemare, M. Karásek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, and M. Têtu, “Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(6), 825–831 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Abd-Rahman, M. K. Abdullah, and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 135–139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, M. Y. Jeon, and M.-Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, “Properties of Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(4), 1049–1057 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(16), 1250–1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abad, S.

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and M. López-Amo, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(4), 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Abas, A. F.

Z. Abd Rahman, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, A. F. Abas, M. H. Abu Bakar, and M. A. Mahdi, “Optimization of Brillouin pump wavelength location on tunable multiwavelength BEFL,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2110–2114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Abd Rahman, Z.

Z. Abd Rahman, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, A. F. Abas, M. H. Abu Bakar, and M. A. Mahdi, “Optimization of Brillouin pump wavelength location on tunable multiwavelength BEFL,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2110–2114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Abd-Rahman, M. K.

M. K. Abd-Rahman, M. K. Abdullah, and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 135–139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Abdul Rashid, H. A.

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Widely tunable multi-wavelength Brillouinerbium fiber laser utilizing low SBS threshold photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12829–12834 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abdullah, M. K.

M. K. Abd-Rahman, M. K. Abdullah, and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 135–139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Abu Bakar, M. H.

Z. Abd Rahman, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, A. F. Abas, M. H. Abu Bakar, and M. A. Mahdi, “Optimization of Brillouin pump wavelength location on tunable multiwavelength BEFL,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2110–2114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, A.

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. Md Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 918–920 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahmad, H.

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(5), 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Abd-Rahman, M. K. Abdullah, and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 135–139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J. T.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, M. Y. Jeon, and M.-Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

Y. G. Shee, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ismail, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Double Brillouin frequency shift through circulation of odd-order Stokes signal,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3956–3959 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Abd Rahman, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, A. F. Abas, M. H. Abu Bakar, and M. A. Mahdi, “Optimization of Brillouin pump wavelength location on tunable multiwavelength BEFL,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2110–2114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-erbium comb fiber laser utilizing nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(22), 5038–5044 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Widely tunable multi-wavelength Brillouinerbium fiber laser utilizing low SBS threshold photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12829–12834 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Tunable range enhancement of Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing Brillouin pump pre-amplification technique,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7649–7654 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, and M. Premaratne, “Enhancement of multiwavelength generation in the L-band by using a novel Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a passive EDF booster section,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11570–11575 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bellemare, A.

A. Bellemare, M. Karásek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, and M. Têtu, “Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(6), 825–831 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Biglary, M.

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(5), 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bolognini, G.

G. Bolognini, M. A. Soto, and F. Di Pasquale, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on hybrid Raman and Brillouin scattering employing multiwavelength Fabry–Pérot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1523–1525 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chieng, Y. T.

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Choudhury, P. K.

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Widely tunable multi-wavelength Brillouinerbium fiber laser utilizing low SBS threshold photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12829–12834 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clarkson, W. A.

J. W. Kim, P. Jelger, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power and wavelength-tunable operation of an Er,Yb fiber laser using a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1204–1206 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cowle, G. J.

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, “Properties of Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(4), 1049–1057 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(16), 1250–1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di Pasquale, F.

G. Bolognini, M. A. Soto, and F. Di Pasquale, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on hybrid Raman and Brillouin scattering employing multiwavelength Fabry–Pérot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1523–1525 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Harun, S. W.

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(5), 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hitam, S.

Y. G. Shee, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ismail, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Double Brillouin frequency shift through circulation of odd-order Stokes signal,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3956–3959 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Abd Rahman, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, A. F. Abas, M. H. Abu Bakar, and M. A. Mahdi, “Optimization of Brillouin pump wavelength location on tunable multiwavelength BEFL,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2110–2114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, A.

Y. G. Shee, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ismail, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Double Brillouin frequency shift through circulation of odd-order Stokes signal,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3956–3959 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jackson, S. D.

Y. Zhao and S. D. Jackson, “Highly efficient free running cascaded Raman fiber laser that uses broadband pumping,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4731–4736 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jarabo, S.

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and M. López-Amo, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(4), 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jelger, P.

J. W. Kim, P. Jelger, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power and wavelength-tunable operation of an Er,Yb fiber laser using a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1204–1206 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeon, M. Y.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, M. Y. Jeon, and M.-Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, M.-Y.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, M. Y. Jeon, and M.-Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. B.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, M. Y. Jeon, and M.-Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Karásek, M.

A. Bellemare, M. Karásek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, and M. Têtu, “Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(6), 825–831 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. W.

J. W. Kim, P. Jelger, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power and wavelength-tunable operation of an Er,Yb fiber laser using a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1204–1206 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, K. H.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, M. Y. Jeon, and M.-Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ko, J. S.

W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 399–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

A. Bellemare, M. Karásek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, and M. Têtu, “Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(6), 825–831 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

J. W. Kim, P. Jelger, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power and wavelength-tunable operation of an Er,Yb fiber laser using a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1204–1206 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H. K.

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, M. Y. Jeon, and M.-Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lim, D. S.

W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 399–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, M. Y. Jeon, and M.-Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

López-Amo, M.

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and M. López-Amo, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(4), 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M. A.

Y. G. Shee, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ismail, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Double Brillouin frequency shift through circulation of odd-order Stokes signal,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3956–3959 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Abd Rahman, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, A. F. Abas, M. H. Abu Bakar, and M. A. Mahdi, “Optimization of Brillouin pump wavelength location on tunable multiwavelength BEFL,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2110–2114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-erbium comb fiber laser utilizing nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(22), 5038–5044 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Tunable range enhancement of Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing Brillouin pump pre-amplification technique,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7649–7654 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, and M. Premaratne, “Enhancement of multiwavelength generation in the L-band by using a novel Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a passive EDF booster section,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11570–11575 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. Md Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 918–920 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Md Ali, M. I.

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. Md Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 918–920 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mohamad, R.

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. Md Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 918–920 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mohd Nasir, M. N.

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Widely tunable multi-wavelength Brillouinerbium fiber laser utilizing low SBS threshold photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12829–12834 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oh, W. Y.

W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 399–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Premaratne, M.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, and M. Premaratne, “Enhancement of multiwavelength generation in the L-band by using a novel Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a passive EDF booster section,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11570–11575 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rochette, M.

A. Bellemare, M. Karásek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, and M. Têtu, “Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(6), 825–831 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

J. W. Kim, P. Jelger, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power and wavelength-tunable operation of an Er,Yb fiber laser using a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1204–1206 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seo, W.

W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 399–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shee, Y. G.

Y. G. Shee, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ismail, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Double Brillouin frequency shift through circulation of odd-order Stokes signal,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3956–3959 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shirazi, M. R.

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(5), 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Soto, M. A.

G. Bolognini, M. A. Soto, and F. Di Pasquale, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on hybrid Raman and Brillouin scattering employing multiwavelength Fabry–Pérot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1523–1525 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, D. Y.

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, “Properties of Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(4), 1049–1057 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(16), 1250–1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Talaverano, L.

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and M. López-Amo, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(4), 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Têtu, M.

A. Bellemare, M. Karásek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, and M. Têtu, “Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(6), 825–831 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thambiratnam, K.

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(5), 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yusoff, Z.

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Widely tunable multi-wavelength Brillouinerbium fiber laser utilizing low SBS threshold photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12829–12834 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zamzuri, A. K.

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. Md Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 918–920 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao and S. D. Jackson, “Highly efficient free running cascaded Raman fiber laser that uses broadband pumping,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4731–4736 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Y. G. Shee, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ismail, S. Hitam, and M. A. Mahdi, “Double Brillouin frequency shift through circulation of odd-order Stokes signal,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3956–3959 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, “Properties of Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(4), 1049–1057 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

G. Bolognini, M. A. Soto, and F. Di Pasquale, “Fiber-optic distributed sensor based on hybrid Raman and Brillouin scattering employing multiwavelength Fabry–Pérot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1523–1525 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-erbium comb fiber laser utilizing nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(22), 5038–5044 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Bellemare, M. Karásek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, and M. Têtu, “Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(6), 825–831 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and M. López-Amo, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(4), 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.

M. R. Shirazi, M. Biglary, S. W. Harun, K. Thambiratnam, and H. Ahmad, “Bidirectional multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser generation in a ring cavity,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10(5), 055101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

Z. Abd Rahman, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, A. F. Abas, M. H. Abu Bakar, and M. A. Mahdi, “Optimization of Brillouin pump wavelength location on tunable multiwavelength BEFL,” Laser Phys. 19(11), 2110–2114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

W. Y. Oh, J. S. Ko, D. S. Lim, and W. Seo, “10 and 20 GHz optical combs generation in Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with shared cavity of Sagnac reflector,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 399–403 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Abd-Rahman, M. K. Abdullah, and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 135–139 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Tunable range enhancement of Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing Brillouin pump pre-amplification technique,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7649–7654 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, and M. Premaratne, “Enhancement of multiwavelength generation in the L-band by using a novel Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a passive EDF booster section,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11570–11575 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhao and S. D. Jackson, “Highly efficient free running cascaded Raman fiber laser that uses broadband pumping,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4731–4736 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Mohd Nasir, Z. Yusoff, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Abdul Rashid, and P. K. Choudhury, “Widely tunable multi-wavelength Brillouinerbium fiber laser utilizing low SBS threshold photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12829–12834 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

J. W. Kim, P. Jelger, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, and W. A. Clarkson, “High-power and wavelength-tunable operation of an Er,Yb fiber laser using a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1204–1206 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. Md Ali, A. Ahmad, R. Mohamad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser with cooperative Rayleigh scattering in a linear cavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 918–920 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(16), 1250–1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, M. Y. Jeon, and M.-Y. Jeon, “Generation of multiorder Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1671–1673 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the multiwavelength BEFL.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Free running spectrum of erbium-doped fiber laser for the pump power of 100 mW at a wavelength of 1480 nm with the absence of BP.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Generation of multiple channels at different 1480 nm pump powers (BP power = 4 mW).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Number of output channels against the variations in BP power and 1480 nm pump power from 50 mW to 150 mW.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Tuning capability at 4 mW BP power and 75 mW pump power and (b) tuning capability at 0.5 mW BP power and 150 mW pump power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical spectrum at 1 mW BP power and 100 mW LD pump power.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Power stability of channels generated at 1 mW BP power and 100 mW LD pump power.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

OSNR of the output against BP powers at 150 mW LD pump power.

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