Abstract

In the context of exoplanet direct detection and characterization, where high-contrast imaging is mandatory, we present fully optimized two-dimensional pupil apodizations for which no specific geometric constraints are put on the pupil plane apodization, apart from the shape of the aperture itself. Masks for circular and segmented apertures are displayed, with and without a central obstruction and spiders. We can now optimize apodizers for any aperture shape, and examples of optimal masks are shown for the Subaru telescope, the Space Infrared telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics (SPICA) and the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). Several high-contrast regions are considered with different sizes, positions, shapes and contrasts. It is interesting to note that all the masks that result from these optimizations tend to have a binary transmission profile.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. R. Galicher, P. Baudoz, and J. Baudrand, “Multi-stage four-quadrant phase mask: achromatic coronagraph for space-based and ground-based telescopes,” Astron. Astrophys. 530, id.A43 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  25. D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, W. J. Kent, and L. Pueyo, “Improved high-contrast imaging with on-axis telescopes using a multistage vortex coronagraph,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1506–1508 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. K. Haze, K. Enya, L. Abe, T. Kotani, T. Nakagawa, T. Sato, and T. Yamamuro, “Multi-color coronagraph experiment in a vacuum testbed with a binary shaped pupil mask,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 63, 873–879 (2011).

2011

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Galicher, P. Baudoz, and J. Baudrand, “Multi-stage four-quadrant phase mask: achromatic coronagraph for space-based and ground-based telescopes,” Astron. Astrophys. 530, id.A43 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Haze, K. Enya, L. Abe, T. Kotani, T. Nakagawa, T. Sato, and T. Yamamuro, “Multi-color coronagraph experiment in a vacuum testbed with a binary shaped pupil mask,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 63, 873–879 (2011).

D. Mawet, E. Serabyn, W. J. Kent, and L. Pueyo, “Improved high-contrast imaging with on-axis telescopes using a multistage vortex coronagraph,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1506–1508 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

K. Enya and L. Abe, “A binary shaped mask coronagraph for a segmented pupil,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 62, 1407–1411 (2010).

2009

J. Lozi, F. Martinache, and O. Guyon, “Phase-induced amplitude apodization on centrally obscured pupils: design and first laboratory demonstration for the Subaru telescope pupil,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 1232–1244 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Martinez, C. Dorrer, E. Aller Carpentier, M. Kasper, A. Boccaletti, K. Dohlen, and N. Yaitskova, “Design, analysis, and testing of a microdot apodizer for the apodized pupil Lyot coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 495, 363–370 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, and J. Surdej, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph,” Astrophys. J. 633, 1191–1200 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Soummer, “Apodized pupil Lyot coronagraphs for arbitrary telescope apertures,” Astrophys. J. 618, L161–L164 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Burrows, “A theoretical look at the direct detection of giant planets outside the solar system,” Nature 433, 261–268 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

R. J. Vanderbei, N. J. Kasdin, and D. N. Spergel, “Checkerboard-mask coronagraphs for high-contrast imaging,” Astrophys. J. 615, 555–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

R. J. Vanderbei, D. N. Spergel, and N. J. Kasdin, “Spiderweb masks for high-contrast imaging,” Astrophys. J. 590, 593–603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Kasdin, R. J. Vanderbei, D. N. Spergel, and M. G. Littman, “Extrasolar planet finding via optimal apodized-pupil and shaped-pupil coronagraphs,” Astrophys. J. 582, 1147–1161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Guyon, “Phase-induced amplitude apodization of telescope pupils for extrasolar terrestrial planet imaging,” Astron. Astrophys. 404, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

C. Aime, R. Soummer, and A. Ferrari, “Total coronagraphic extinction of rectangular apertures using linear prolate apodizations,” Astron. Astrophys. 389, 334–344 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

D. N. Spergel and N. J. Kasdin, “A new pupil for detecting extrasolar planets,” Bull. AAS 33, 1431 (2001).

2000

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, “The four-quadrant phase-mask coronagraph. I. principle,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479–1486 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

R. J. Vanderbei, “LOQO: An interior point code for quadratic programming,” Optim. Method. Softw. 12, 451–484 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1990

R. Fourer, D. M. Gay, and B. W. Kernighan, “A modeling language for mathematical programming,” Manage. Sci. 36, 519–554 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1965

1964

P. Jacquinot and B. Roizen-Dossier, “Apodisation,” Prog. Optics 3 (1964).

Abe, L.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Haze, K. Enya, L. Abe, T. Kotani, T. Nakagawa, T. Sato, and T. Yamamuro, “Multi-color coronagraph experiment in a vacuum testbed with a binary shaped pupil mask,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 63, 873–879 (2011).

K. Enya and L. Abe, “A binary shaped mask coronagraph for a segmented pupil,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 62, 1407–1411 (2010).

Absil, O.

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, and J. Surdej, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph,” Astrophys. J. 633, 1191–1200 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aime, C.

C. Aime, R. Soummer, and A. Ferrari, “Total coronagraphic extinction of rectangular apertures using linear prolate apodizations,” Astron. Astrophys. 389, 334–344 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aller Carpentier, E.

P. Martinez, C. Dorrer, E. Aller Carpentier, M. Kasper, A. Boccaletti, K. Dohlen, and N. Yaitskova, “Design, analysis, and testing of a microdot apodizer for the apodized pupil Lyot coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 495, 363–370 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Antichi, J.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aono, K.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Asano, K.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baba, N.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baruffolo, A.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baudoz, P.

R. Galicher, P. Baudoz, and J. Baudrand, “Multi-stage four-quadrant phase mask: achromatic coronagraph for space-based and ground-based telescopes,” Astron. Astrophys. 530, id.A43 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baudrand, J.

R. Galicher, P. Baudoz, and J. Baudrand, “Multi-stage four-quadrant phase mask: achromatic coronagraph for space-based and ground-based telescopes,” Astron. Astrophys. 530, id.A43 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bauman, B.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

Berton, A.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beuzit, J.-L.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bierden, P.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boccaletti, A.

P. Martinez, C. Dorrer, E. Aller Carpentier, M. Kasper, A. Boccaletti, K. Dohlen, and N. Yaitskova, “Design, analysis, and testing of a microdot apodizer for the apodized pupil Lyot coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 495, 363–370 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, “The four-quadrant phase-mask coronagraph. I. principle,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479–1486 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Burrows, A.

A. Burrows, “A theoretical look at the direct detection of giant planets outside the solar system,” Nature 433, 261–268 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carbillet, M.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Charton, J.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Claudi, R.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Clénet, Y.

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, “The four-quadrant phase-mask coronagraph. I. principle,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479–1486 (2000).
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Dohlen, K.

P. Martinez, C. Dorrer, E. Aller Carpentier, M. Kasper, A. Boccaletti, K. Dohlen, and N. Yaitskova, “Design, analysis, and testing of a microdot apodizer for the apodized pupil Lyot coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 495, 363–370 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Dorrer, C.

P. Martinez, C. Dorrer, E. Aller Carpentier, M. Kasper, A. Boccaletti, K. Dohlen, and N. Yaitskova, “Design, analysis, and testing of a microdot apodizer for the apodized pupil Lyot coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 495, 363–370 (2009).
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Downing, M.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Doyon, R.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
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Enya, K.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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K. Haze, K. Enya, L. Abe, T. Kotani, T. Nakagawa, T. Sato, and T. Yamamuro, “Multi-color coronagraph experiment in a vacuum testbed with a binary shaped pupil mask,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 63, 873–879 (2011).

K. Enya and L. Abe, “A binary shaped mask coronagraph for a segmented pupil,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 62, 1407–1411 (2010).

Erikson, D.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
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Evans, J.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
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Fabron, C.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Feautrier, P.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Fedrigo, E.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Feldt, M.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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Fukagawa, M.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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Fusco, T.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Gach, J.-L.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Galicher, R.

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B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
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Gay, D. M.

R. Fourer, D. M. Gay, and B. W. Kernighan, “A modeling language for mathematical programming,” Manage. Sci. 36, 519–554 (1990).
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Graham, J.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
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Gratton, R.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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Haze, K.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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K. Haze, K. Enya, L. Abe, T. Kotani, T. Nakagawa, T. Sato, and T. Yamamuro, “Multi-color coronagraph experiment in a vacuum testbed with a binary shaped pupil mask,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 63, 873–879 (2011).

Honda, M.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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Hubin, N.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Ida, S.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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Kasper, M.

P. Martinez, C. Dorrer, E. Aller Carpentier, M. Kasper, A. Boccaletti, K. Dohlen, and N. Yaitskova, “Design, analysis, and testing of a microdot apodizer for the apodized pupil Lyot coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 495, 363–370 (2009).
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K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Kataza, H.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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Kawada, M.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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Kent, W. J.

Kernighan, B. W.

R. Fourer, D. M. Gay, and B. W. Kernighan, “A modeling language for mathematical programming,” Manage. Sci. 36, 519–554 (1990).
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Kokubo, E.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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Komatsu, K.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kotani, T.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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K. Haze, K. Enya, L. Abe, T. Kotani, T. Nakagawa, T. Sato, and T. Yamamuro, “Multi-color coronagraph experiment in a vacuum testbed with a binary shaped pupil mask,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 63, 873–879 (2011).

Labeyrie, A.

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, “The four-quadrant phase-mask coronagraph. I. principle,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479–1486 (2000).
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Langlois, M.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Larkin, J.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
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Littman, M. G.

N. J. Kasdin, R. J. Vanderbei, D. N. Spergel, and M. G. Littman, “Extrasolar planet finding via optimal apodized-pupil and shaped-pupil coronagraphs,” Astrophys. J. 582, 1147–1161 (2003).
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Longmore, A.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
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Lozi, J.

J. Lozi, F. Martinache, and O. Guyon, “Phase-induced amplitude apodization on centrally obscured pupils: design and first laboratory demonstration for the Subaru telescope pupil,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 1232–1244 (2009).
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Macintosh, B.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
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Martinache, F.

J. Lozi, F. Martinache, and O. Guyon, “Phase-induced amplitude apodization on centrally obscured pupils: design and first laboratory demonstration for the Subaru telescope pupil,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 121, 1232–1244 (2009).
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Martinez, P.

P. Martinez, C. Dorrer, E. Aller Carpentier, M. Kasper, A. Boccaletti, K. Dohlen, and N. Yaitskova, “Design, analysis, and testing of a microdot apodizer for the apodized pupil Lyot coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 495, 363–370 (2009).
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Matsuhara, H.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
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Matsuo, T.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mawet, D.

Mita, M.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mitani, S.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miyata, T.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morzinski, K.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mouillet, D.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moutou, C.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, N.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, T.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Haze, K. Enya, L. Abe, T. Kotani, T. Nakagawa, T. Sato, and T. Yamamuro, “Multi-color coronagraph experiment in a vacuum testbed with a binary shaped pupil mask,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 63, 873–879 (2011).

Nakamura, T.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Narita, N.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nishikawa, J.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, B.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oppenheimer, B.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oya, S.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, D.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petit, C.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phillion, D.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poyneer, L.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pragt, J.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pueyo, L.

Puget, P.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rabou, P.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Riaud, P.

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, and J. Surdej, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph,” Astrophys. J. 633, 1191–1200 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, “The four-quadrant phase-mask coronagraph. I. principle,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479–1486 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roizen-Dossier, B.

P. Jacquinot and B. Roizen-Dossier, “Apodisation,” Prog. Optics 3 (1964).

Rouan, D.

D. Rouan, P. Riaud, A. Boccaletti, Y. Clénet, and A. Labeyrie, “The four-quadrant phase-mask coronagraph. I. principle,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 112, 1479–1486 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rousset, G.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saddlemyer, L.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saisse, M.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, S.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sako, S.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

K. Haze, K. Enya, L. Abe, T. Kotani, T. Nakagawa, T. Sato, and T. Yamamuro, “Multi-color coronagraph experiment in a vacuum testbed with a binary shaped pupil mask,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 63, 873–879 (2011).

Schmid, H.-M.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Serabyn, E.

Shibai, H.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sivaramakrishnan, A.

R. Soummer, L. Pueyo, A. Sivaramakrishnan, and R.J. Vanderbei, “Fast computation of Lyot-style coronagraph propagation,” Opt. Express 15, 24, 15935–15951 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

Slepian, D.

Soummer, R.

R. Soummer, L. Pueyo, A. Sivaramakrishnan, and R.J. Vanderbei, “Fast computation of Lyot-style coronagraph propagation,” Opt. Express 15, 24, 15935–15951 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Soummer, “Apodized pupil Lyot coronagraphs for arbitrary telescope apertures,” Astrophys. J. 618, L161–L164 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Aime, R. Soummer, and A. Ferrari, “Total coronagraphic extinction of rectangular apertures using linear prolate apodizations,” Astron. Astrophys. 389, 334–344 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Spergel, D. N.

R. J. Vanderbei, N. J. Kasdin, and D. N. Spergel, “Checkerboard-mask coronagraphs for high-contrast imaging,” Astrophys. J. 615, 555–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Vanderbei, D. N. Spergel, and N. J. Kasdin, “Spiderweb masks for high-contrast imaging,” Astrophys. J. 590, 593–603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Kasdin, R. J. Vanderbei, D. N. Spergel, and M. G. Littman, “Extrasolar planet finding via optimal apodized-pupil and shaped-pupil coronagraphs,” Astrophys. J. 582, 1147–1161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Spergel and N. J. Kasdin, “A new pupil for detecting extrasolar planets,” Bull. AAS 33, 1431 (2001).

Stadler, E.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stamm, D.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Surdej, J.

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, and J. Surdej, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph,” Astrophys. J. 633, 1191–1200 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takami, M.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, S.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, M.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thibault, S.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

Turatto, M.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, H.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vanderbei, R. J.

R. J. Vanderbei, N. J. Kasdin, and D. N. Spergel, “Checkerboard-mask coronagraphs for high-contrast imaging,” Astrophys. J. 615, 555–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Vanderbei, D. N. Spergel, and N. J. Kasdin, “Spiderweb masks for high-contrast imaging,” Astrophys. J. 590, 593–603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Kasdin, R. J. Vanderbei, D. N. Spergel, and M. G. Littman, “Extrasolar planet finding via optimal apodized-pupil and shaped-pupil coronagraphs,” Astrophys. J. 582, 1147–1161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Vanderbei, “LOQO: An interior point code for quadratic programming,” Optim. Method. Softw. 12, 451–484 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Vanderbei, “Fast Fourier optimization: sparsity matters,” MPC (to be published).

Vanderbei, R.J.

Veran, J.-P.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wada, T.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, J. K.

B. Macintosh, J. Graham, D. Palmer, R. Doyon, D. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, J. Evans, D. Erikson, K. Morzinski, D. Phillion, L. Poyneer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. Soummer, S. Thibault, and J.-P. Veran, “The Gemini Planet Imager,” Proc. SPIE 6272, 62720L (2006).
[CrossRef]

Waters, R.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wildi, F.

K. Dohlen, J.-L. Beuzit, M. Feldt, D. Mouillet, P. Puget, J. Antichi, A. Baruffolo, P. Baudoz, A. Berton, A. Boccaletti, M. Carbillet, J. Charton, R. Claudi, M. Downing, C. Fabron, P. Feautrier, E. Fedrigo, T. Fusco, J.-L. Gach, R. Gratton, N. Hubin, M. Kasper, M. Langlois, A. Longmore, C. Moutou, C. Petit, J. Pragt, P. Rabou, G. Rousset, M. Saisse, H.-M. Schmid, E. Stadler, D. Stamm, M. Turatto, R. Waters, and F. Wildi, “SPHERE: A planet finder instrument for the VLT,” Proc. SPIE 6269, 62690Q (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yaitskova, N.

P. Martinez, C. Dorrer, E. Aller Carpentier, M. Kasper, A. Boccaletti, K. Dohlen, and N. Yaitskova, “Design, analysis, and testing of a microdot apodizer for the apodized pupil Lyot coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 495, 363–370 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamamuro, T.

K. Haze, K. Enya, L. Abe, T. Kotani, T. Nakagawa, T. Sato, and T. Yamamuro, “Multi-color coronagraph experiment in a vacuum testbed with a binary shaped pupil mask,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 63, 873–879 (2011).

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, T.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamawaki, T.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Space Res.

K. Enya, T. Kotani, K. Haze, K. Aono, T. Nakagawa, H. Matsuhara, H. Kataza, T. Wada, M. Kawada, K. Fujiwara, M. Mita, S. Takeuchi, K. Komatsu, S. Sakai, H. Uchida, S. Mitani, T. Yamawaki, T. Miyata, S. Sako, T. Nakamura, K. Asano, T. Yamashita, N. Narita, T. Matsuo, M. Tamura, J. Nishikawa, E. Kokubo, Y. Hayano, S. Oya, M. Fukagawa, H. Shibai, N. Baba, N. Murakami, Y. Itoh, M. Honda, B. Okamoto, S. Ida, M. Takami, L. Abe, O. Guyon, P. Bierden, and T. Yamamuro, “The SPICA coronagraphic instrument (SCI) for the study of exoplanets,” Adv. Space Res. 48, 323–333 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Astron. Astrophys.

O. Guyon, “Phase-induced amplitude apodization of telescope pupils for extrasolar terrestrial planet imaging,” Astron. Astrophys. 404, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Aime, R. Soummer, and A. Ferrari, “Total coronagraphic extinction of rectangular apertures using linear prolate apodizations,” Astron. Astrophys. 389, 334–344 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Martinez, C. Dorrer, E. Aller Carpentier, M. Kasper, A. Boccaletti, K. Dohlen, and N. Yaitskova, “Design, analysis, and testing of a microdot apodizer for the apodized pupil Lyot coronagraph,” Astron. Astrophys. 495, 363–370 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Galicher, P. Baudoz, and J. Baudrand, “Multi-stage four-quadrant phase mask: achromatic coronagraph for space-based and ground-based telescopes,” Astron. Astrophys. 530, id.A43 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J.

R. Soummer, “Apodized pupil Lyot coronagraphs for arbitrary telescope apertures,” Astrophys. J. 618, L161–L164 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Vanderbei, D. N. Spergel, and N. J. Kasdin, “Spiderweb masks for high-contrast imaging,” Astrophys. J. 590, 593–603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Kasdin, R. J. Vanderbei, D. N. Spergel, and M. G. Littman, “Extrasolar planet finding via optimal apodized-pupil and shaped-pupil coronagraphs,” Astrophys. J. 582, 1147–1161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Vanderbei, N. J. Kasdin, and D. N. Spergel, “Checkerboard-mask coronagraphs for high-contrast imaging,” Astrophys. J. 615, 555–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Mawet, P. Riaud, O. Absil, and J. Surdej, “Annular groove phase mask coronagraph,” Astrophys. J. 633, 1191–1200 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bull. AAS

D. N. Spergel and N. J. Kasdin, “A new pupil for detecting extrasolar planets,” Bull. AAS 33, 1431 (2001).

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Manage. Sci.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Pupil mask with a transmission of 36%. Top: N=200. Bottom: N=1000 (in both cases M=100). Left: optimal pupil mask for an IWA of 3 λ/D and an OWA of 15 λ/D. Right: magnified region contained in the red dashed rectangle displayed on the left.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cross section of the PSFs of the masks displayed on Fig. 1 (left: N=200, right: N=1000) before and after the transmission values have been rounded. The PSF of the optimal mask is represented by a dashed line while a red solid line is used for the binary version of the same mask. In both cases the intensity is represented on a logarithmic scale. The two vertical dashed lines indicate the position of the IWA and OWA, located at respectively 3 and 15 λ/D.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Left: Pupil mask designed for a contrast of 10−10. Optimization parameters are N=1000, M=100. The throughput is 25%. Center and right: Detail of the mask before and after rounding the transmission.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

PSF of the mask displayed on Fig. 3 without (left) and with (right) an artificial rounding of the transmission values of the mask. The IWA is 3.5 λ/D and the OWA is 7 λ/D.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Two pupil masks optimized with a different sampling precision of the image plane (N=1000 in both cases while M=100 on the left, and 50 on the right). Constraints on the contrast and the IWA and OWA are the same as for the pupils in Fig. 1.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Pupil masks (left) design to reach 10−6 (first two rows) and 10−7 (third row) with a circular unobstructed aperture, and their associated PSFs (right). In both cases the high contrast region is a ring section with an OWA of 15 λ/D. The IWA are 2.5 λ/D (top), 3 λ/D (middle) and 4 λ/D (bottom). The dark holes have an angular extension of 30° in the first case and 45° in the last two. The PSF are computed for true binary masks, the original transmissions being artificially rounded.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Pupil mask (left) designed to reach 10−6 with the SPICA telescope. The high contrast areas can be seen on the associated PSF (right). The IWA is 3.5 λ/D and the OWA is 12 λ/D. The vertical width of the dark hole is 50 λ/D.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Pupil masks (left) designed to reach 10−5 (top) and 10−8 (bottom) with the Subaru telescope. The high contrast areas can be seen on their associated PSFs (right). The IWA are 3 and 5 λ/D, the OWA are 16 and 20 λ/D, and the vertical widths of the dark holes are 64 and 60 λ/D.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Pupil mask (left) designed to reach 10−5 with the JWST. The hexagonal high contrast area can be seen on its associated PSF (right). The IWA and OWA are 5 and 15 λ/D.

Equations (9)

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E ( u , v ) = e 2 i π F λ i λ f D / 2 D / 2 D / 2 D / 2 A ( x , y ) e 2 i π x u + y v λ f d x d y .
E ( u , v ) = D 2 e 2 i π f λ i λ f 1 / 2 1 / 2 1 / 2 1 / 2 A ( x , y ) e 2 i π ( x u + y v ) d x d y .
E ( u k , v l ) = D 2 e 2 i π f λ i λ f F i = 1 N x j = 1 N y A ( x i , y j ) e 2 i π ( x i u k + y j v l ) Δ x i Δ y j ,
E temp ( u k , y j ) = i = 1 N A ( x i , y j ) e 2 i π x i u k Δ x ,
E ( u k , v l ) = D 2 e 2 i π f λ i λ f j = 1 N e 2 i π y j v l E temp ( u k , y j ) Δ y .
10 c / 2 E ( u k , v l ) E ( 0 , 0 ) 10 c / 2 , with { u k , v l } Δ F 0 < A ( x i , y j ) < 1 , with { x i , y j } Δ P
I W A Δ λ = I W A × ( 1 + Δ λ 2 λ 0 ) O W A Δ λ = O W A × ( 1 Δ λ 2 λ 0 )
O W A Δ λ I W A Δ λ O W A I W A = 1 Δ λ 2 λ 0 O W A + I W A O W A I W A
10 2.5 E ( 0 , 0 ) / 2 ( E ) ( u , v ) 10 2.5 E ( 0 , 0 ) / 2 10 2.5 E ( 0 , 0 ) / 2 ( E ) ( u , v ) 10 2.5 E ( 0 , 0 ) / 2 .

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