Abstract

In this paper we present the IVS (Iterative Variable Strength) method, an altitude-dependent, self-adapting Tikhonov regularization scheme for atmospheric profile retrievals. The method is based on a similar scheme we proposed in 2009. The new method does not need any specifically tuned minimization routine, hence it is more robust and faster. We test the self-consistency of the method using simulated observations of the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS). We then compare the new method with both our previous scheme and the scalar method currently implemented in the MIPAS on-line processor, using both synthetic and real atmospheric limb measurements. The IVS method shows very good performances.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “Mipas reference atmospheres and comparisons to v4.61/v4.62 mipas level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 9973–10017 (2007).
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  16. A. V. Nemuc and R. L. Dezafra, “Ground based measurements of stratospheric ozone in antarctica,” Rom. Rep. Phys. 57, 445–452 (2005).
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2010 (1)

S. Ceccherini and M. Ridolfi, “Technical note: Variance-covariance matrix and averaging kernels for the levenberg-marquardt solution of the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 3131–3139 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi and L. Sgheri, “A self-adapting and altitude-dependent regularization method for atmospheric profile retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 1883–1897 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “Mipas reference atmospheres and comparisons to v4.61/v4.62 mipas level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 9973–10017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 1435–1440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Kulawik, G. Osterman, D. B. A. Jones, and K. W. Bowman, “Calculation of altitude-dependent tikhonov constraints for tes nadir retrievals,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1334–1342 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Steinwagner and G. Schwarz, “Shape-dependent regularization for the retrieval of atmospheric state parameter profiles,” Appl. Opt. 45, 1000–1009 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

S. Ceccherini, “Analytical determination of the regularization parameter in the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2554–2556 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Nemuc and R. L. Dezafra, “Ground based measurements of stratospheric ozone in antarctica,” Rom. Rep. Phys. 57, 445–452 (2005).

2000 (1)

Beer, R.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Belotti, C.

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 1435–1440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bevington, P. R.

P. R. Bevington and D. K. Robinson, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, 3rd ed. (McGraw–Hill, 2003).

Bianchini, G.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Birk, M.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blom, C.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blumenstock, T.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bowman, K. W.

S. S. Kulawik, G. Osterman, D. B. A. Jones, and K. W. Bowman, “Calculation of altitude-dependent tikhonov constraints for tes nadir retrievals,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1334–1342 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bracher, A.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brown, P.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burgess, A.

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Butz, A.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Camy-Peyret, C.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carli, B.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 1435–1440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for mipas near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1323–1340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, S. Ceccherini, and M. Ridolfi, “The new measurement scenario of mipas,” in “ASSFTS 14 Workshop, Firenze,” (2009).

Carlotti, M.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for mipas near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1323–1340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ceccherini, S.

S. Ceccherini and M. Ridolfi, “Technical note: Variance-covariance matrix and averaging kernels for the levenberg-marquardt solution of the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 3131–3139 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 1435–1440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Ceccherini, “Analytical determination of the regularization parameter in the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2554–2556 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, S. Ceccherini, and M. Ridolfi, “The new measurement scenario of mipas,” in “ASSFTS 14 Workshop, Firenze,” (2009).

Chipperfield, M. P.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “Mipas reference atmospheres and comparisons to v4.61/v4.62 mipas level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 9973–10017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clough, S.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cortesi, U.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

De Mazière, M.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Delbouille, L.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dezafra, R. L.

A. V. Nemuc and R. L. Dezafra, “Ground based measurements of stratospheric ozone in antarctica,” Rom. Rep. Phys. 57, 445–452 (2005).

Dinelli, B. M.

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for mipas near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1323–1340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Doicu, A.

A. Doicu, T. Trautmann, and F. Schreier, Numerical regularization for atmospheric inverse problems (Springer, 2010).
[CrossRef]

Duchatelet, P.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dudhia, A.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for mipas near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1323–1340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ehhalt, D.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eldering, A.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Endemann, M.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Engel, A.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, H.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J. M.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Flaud, J.-M.

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for mipas near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1323–1340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Funke, B.

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gessner, R.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Glatthor, N.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Greenhough, J.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “Mipas reference atmospheres and comparisons to v4.61/v4.62 mipas level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 9973–10017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grunow, K.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gunson, M.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hauglustaine, D.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “Mipas reference atmospheres and comparisons to v4.61/v4.62 mipas level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 9973–10017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Höpfner, M.

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for mipas near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1323–1340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huret, N.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jeseck, P.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. B. A.

S. S. Kulawik, G. Osterman, D. B. A. Jones, and K. W. Bowman, “Calculation of altitude-dependent tikhonov constraints for tes nadir retrievals,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1334–1342 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jones, N.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Keim, C.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kleinert, A.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koopman, R.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuellmann, H.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kulawik, S. S.

S. S. Kulawik, G. Osterman, D. B. A. Jones, and K. W. Bowman, “Calculation of altitude-dependent tikhonov constraints for tes nadir retrievals,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1334–1342 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuttippurath, J.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lampel, M.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Langen, J.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leigh, R. J.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “Mipas reference atmospheres and comparisons to v4.61/v4.62 mipas level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 9973–10017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

López-Puertas, M.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lou, M.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mahieu, E.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maucher, G.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mencaraglia, F.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mikuteit, S.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moore, D. P.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “Mipas reference atmospheres and comparisons to v4.61/v4.62 mipas level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 9973–10017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Morris, P. E.

Mosner, P.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nemuc, A. V.

A. V. Nemuc and R. L. Dezafra, “Ground based measurements of stratospheric ozone in antarctica,” Rom. Rep. Phys. 57, 445–452 (2005).

Nett, H.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Notholt, J.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oelhaf, H.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Osterman, G.

S. S. Kulawik, G. Osterman, D. B. A. Jones, and K. W. Bowman, “Calculation of altitude-dependent tikhonov constraints for tes nadir retrievals,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1334–1342 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Parkes, I.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “Mipas reference atmospheres and comparisons to v4.61/v4.62 mipas level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 9973–10017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Payan, S.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Payne, V.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Perron, G.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Piccolo, C.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pirre, M.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Raspollini, P.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 1435–1440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for mipas near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1323–1340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, S. Ceccherini, and M. Ridolfi, “The new measurement scenario of mipas,” in “ASSFTS 14 Workshop, Firenze,” (2009).

Redaelli, G.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Remedios, J.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Remedios, J. J.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “Mipas reference atmospheres and comparisons to v4.61/v4.62 mipas level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 9973–10017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ridolfi, M.

S. Ceccherini and M. Ridolfi, “Technical note: Variance-covariance matrix and averaging kernels for the levenberg-marquardt solution of the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 3131–3139 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi and L. Sgheri, “A self-adapting and altitude-dependent regularization method for atmospheric profile retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 1883–1897 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 1435–1440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for mipas near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1323–1340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, S. Ceccherini, and M. Ridolfi, “The new measurement scenario of mipas,” in “ASSFTS 14 Workshop, Firenze,” (2009).

Rinsland, C.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, D. K.

P. R. Bevington and D. K. Robinson, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, 3rd ed. (McGraw–Hill, 2003).

Rodgers, C.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rodgers, C. D.

C. D. Rodgers, Inverse Methods for Atmospheric Sounding: Theory and Practice (Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics, World Scientific, 2000).
[CrossRef]

Sarkissian, E.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schreier, F.

A. Doicu, T. Trautmann, and F. Schreier, Numerical regularization for atmospheric inverse problems (Springer, 2010).
[CrossRef]

Schwarz, G.

Sembhi, H.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “Mipas reference atmospheres and comparisons to v4.61/v4.62 mipas level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 9973–10017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sgheri, L.

M. Ridolfi and L. Sgheri, “A self-adapting and altitude-dependent regularization method for atmospheric profile retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 1883–1897 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shephard, M.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smale, D.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Spang, R.

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Steck, T.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Steinwagner, J.

Stiller, G.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for mipas near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1323–1340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Te, Y.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Trautmann, T.

A. Doicu, T. Trautmann, and F. Schreier, Numerical regularization for atmospheric inverse problems (Springer, 2010).
[CrossRef]

Velazco, V.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vigouroux, C.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Volk, M. C.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

von Clarmann, T.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for mipas near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1323–1340 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Waterfall, A. M.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “Mipas reference atmospheres and comparisons to v4.61/v4.62 mipas level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 9973–10017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wells, R. J.

Wetzel, G.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wood, S.

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Worden, H.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Worden, J.

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zander, R.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (6)

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 1435–1440 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Ceccherini and M. Ridolfi, “Technical note: Variance-covariance matrix and averaging kernels for the levenberg-marquardt solution of the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 3131–3139 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Höpfner, M. López-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “Mipas level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 5605–5630 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret, H. Oelhaf, G. Wetzel, G. Maucher, C. Keim, M. Pirre, N. Huret, A. Engel, M. C. Volk, H. Kuellmann, J. Kuttippurath, U. Cortesi, G. Bianchini, F. Mencaraglia, P. Raspollini, G. Redaelli, C. Vigouroux, M. De Mazière, S. Mikuteit, T. Blumenstock, V. Velazco, J. Notholt, E. Mahieu, P. Duchatelet, D. Smale, S. Wood, N. Jones, C. Piccolo, V. Payne, A. Bracher, N. Glatthor, G. Stiller, K. Grunow, P. Jeseck, Y. Te, and A. Butz, “Validation of version-4.61 methane and nitrous oxide observed by mipas,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 413–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. López-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “Mipas: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 2151–2188 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Ridolfi and L. Sgheri, “A self-adapting and altitude-dependent regularization method for atmospheric profile retrievals,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 1883–1897 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. (1)

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “Mipas reference atmospheres and comparisons to v4.61/v4.62 mipas level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 9973–10017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (2)

S. S. Kulawik, G. Osterman, D. B. A. Jones, and K. W. Bowman, “Calculation of altitude-dependent tikhonov constraints for tes nadir retrievals,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1334–1342 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Bowman, C. Rodgers, S. S. Kulawik, J. Worden, E. Sarkissian, G. Osterman, T. Steck, M. Lou, A. Eldering, M. Shephard, H. Worden, M. Lampel, S. Clough, P. Brown, C. Rinsland, M. Gunson, and R. Beer, “Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 44, 1297–1307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Rom. Rep. Phys. (1)

A. V. Nemuc and R. L. Dezafra, “Ground based measurements of stratospheric ozone in antarctica,” Rom. Rep. Phys. 57, 445–452 (2005).

Other (6)

A. Dudhia, “Mipas-related section of the web site of the Oxford university, department of physics,” http://www.atm.ox.ac.uk/group/mipas/ (2008).

P. R. Bevington and D. K. Robinson, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences, 3rd ed. (McGraw–Hill, 2003).

M. Ridolfi and L. Sgheri, “Improvement of the orm convergence criteria: test of performance and implementation details,” http://www.fci.unibo.it/~ridolfi/hak/tnconvcrit.pdf (2011).

C. D. Rodgers, Inverse Methods for Atmospheric Sounding: Theory and Practice (Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics, World Scientific, 2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Doicu, T. Trautmann, and F. Schreier, Numerical regularization for atmospheric inverse problems (Springer, 2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, S. Ceccherini, and M. Ridolfi, “The new measurement scenario of mipas,” in “ASSFTS 14 Workshop, Firenze,” (2009).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simulated O3 retrieval with amplified noise above 40 km and artificial bump added from 18 to 24 km: (a) Reference, initial guess and retrieved profiles; (b) estimated LM retrieval error and actual differences between retrieved and reference profiles.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Water vapor retrieval with LM, VS and IVS methods. Standard deviations of the difference between the retrieved and true profiles. The differences are binned around nominal MIPAS tangent altitudes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Water vapor retrieval with LM, VS and IVS methods. Initial guess, reference and regularized profiles for a typical scan of simulated orbit 15451.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of retrieval errors from a full orbit of synthetic MIPAS measurements. Average ( Δ x ¯) and standard deviation (σ) of the differences between retrieved and true profile (K for temperature and ppmv for VMR). The standard deviation of the LS profile is estimated from the diagonal of the SLS matrix, and is reported for reference.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Summary of retrieval performances for simulated MIPAS measurements of orbit 15451.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Summary of retrieval performances for real MIPAS measurements of a sample of 12 orbits.

Equations (20)

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ξ 2 = ( y f ( x ) ) T S y 1 ( y f ( x ) ) + ( x s x ) T L T Λ L ( x s x ) .
x p + 1 = x p + ( K p T S y 1 K p ) 1 [ K p T S y 1 ( y f ( x p ) ) ] ,
x p + 1 = x p + ( K p T S y 1 K p + S a 1 ) 1 [ K p T S y 1 ( y f ( x p ) ) + S a 1 ( x a x p ) ] ,
ζ 2 = ( y f ( x ) ) T S y 1 ( y f ( x ) ) + + ( x a x ) T S a 1 ( x a x ) + ( x s x ) T L T Λ L ( x s x ) ,
x Λ = x k + ( K k T S y 1 K k + S a 1 + L T Λ L ) 1 . [ K k T S y 1 ( y f ( x k ) ) + S a 1 ( x a x k ) + L T Λ L ( x s x k ) ] .
x Λ = ( K k T S y 1 K k + S a 1 + L T Λ L ) 1 [ ( K k T S y 1 K k + S a 1 ) x OE + L T Λ L x s ] .
A Λ = D A OE ,
S Λ = D S OE D T .
x Λ = D x OE .
ν i = j = 1 n ( A Λ ) i j ( z j 1 z j + 1 ) 2 | A Λ | i i
ψ VS ( Λ ) = 1 x Λ ¯ j = 1 n ( S Λ ) j j + ( χ 2 ( x Λ ) χ 2 ( x OE ) n w e 2 ) + + + 1 Δ z ¯ j = 1 n [ ( ν j ( x Λ ) w r Δ z j ) + ] 2
( x Λ ( l ) x OE ) T S OE 1 ( x Λ ( l ) x OE ) w e n
ν j ( x Λ ( l ) ) Δ z j w r , j = 1 , , n
| ( x Λ ( l ) ) j ( x OE ) j | > w e ( S OE ) j j or :
ν j ( x Λ ( l ) ) > w r Δ z j .
λ ( l + 1 ) ( z ) = [ j J T ( z z j , δ j ) ] λ ( l ) ( z ) ,
T ( z , δ ) = { 1 , if | z | > δ r + 1 r δ | z | , if | z | δ ,
( L x ) j 1 = 2 ( x j + 1 x j ) / ( z j + 1 z j ) ( x j x j 1 ) / ( z j z j 1 ) z j + 1 z j 1 , j = 2 , , n 1.
Ω 2 = 100 1 n 2 i = 2 n 1 [ x i x i 1 x i + 1 x i 1 z i + 1 z i 1 ( z i z i 1 ) ] 2 .
E = Ω ¯ 2 ( Λ = 0 ) χ ¯ R 2 ( Λ = 0 ) Ω 2 ( Λ ) χ ¯ R 2 ( Λ ) .

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