Abstract

The recent progress in solar-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and Cr:Nd:YAG ceramic medium has revitalized solar laser researches, revealing a promising future for renewable reduction of magnesium from magnesium oxide. Here we show a big advance in solar laser collection efficiency by utilizing an economical Fresnel lens and a most widely used Nd:YAG single-crystal rod. The incoming solar radiation from the sun is focused by a 0.9 m diameter Fresnel lens. A dielectric totally internally reflecting secondary concentrator is employed to couple the concentrated solar radiation from the focal zone to a 4 mm diameter Nd:YAG rod within a conical pumping cavity. 12.3 W cw laser power is produced, corresponding to 19.3 W/m2 collection efficiency, which is 2.9 times larger than the previous results with Nd:YAG single-crystal medium. Record-high slope efficiency of 3.9% is also registered. Laser beam quality is considerably improved by pumping a 3 mm diameter Nd:YAG rod.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Graham-Rowe, “Solar-powered lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 64–65 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. G. Young, “A sun-pumped cw one-watt laser,” Appl. Opt. 5(6), 993–997 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. M. J. Benmair, J. Kagan, Y. Kalisky, Y. Noter, M. Oron, Y. Shimony, and A. Yogev, “Solar-pumped Er,Tm,Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 15(1), 36–38 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Cooke, “Sun-pumped lasers: revisiting an old problem with nonimaging optics,” Appl. Opt. 31(36), 7541–7546 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. O. Graydon, “Solar power: a sunny solution,” Nat. Photonics 1(9), 495–496 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Ueda, “The optical properties and laser characteristics of Cr3+ and Nd3+ co-doped Y3Al5O12 ceramics,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1295–1300 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. T. Welford and R. Winston, in High Collection Nonimaging Optics (Academic Press, 1989).
  14. X. Ning, R. Winston, and J. O’Gallagher, “Dielectric totally internally reflecting concentrators,” Appl. Opt. 26(2), 300–305 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. X. Ning, J. O’Gallagher, and R. Winston, “Optics of two-stage photovoltaic concentrators with dielectric second stages,” Appl. Opt. 26(7), 1207–1212 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. I. H. Hwang and J. H. Lee, “Efficiency and threshold pump intensity of cw solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2129–2134 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

D. Graham-Rowe, “Solar-powered lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 64–65 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

O. Graydon, “Solar power: a sunny solution,” Nat. Photonics 1(9), 495–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Ueda, “The optical properties and laser characteristics of Cr3+ and Nd3+ co-doped Y3Al5O12 ceramics,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1295–1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

I. H. Hwang and J. H. Lee, “Efficiency and threshold pump intensity of cw solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2129–2134 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

1984 (1)

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1966 (2)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Young, “A sun-pumped cw one-watt laser,” Appl. Opt. 5(6), 993–997 (1966).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arashi, H.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Baasandash, C.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bagheri, B.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Behgol, B.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Benmair, R. M. J.

Clay, R. A.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Cooke, D.

Daito, K.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dobrusin, V.

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Findlay, D.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Funatsu, T.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Graham-Rowe, D.

D. Graham-Rowe, “Solar-powered lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 64–65 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Graydon, O.

O. Graydon, “Solar power: a sunny solution,” Nat. Photonics 1(9), 495–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, I. H.

I. H. Hwang and J. H. Lee, “Efficiency and threshold pump intensity of cw solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2129–2134 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ishigame, M.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ishioka, M.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kagan, J.

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. M. J. Benmair, J. Kagan, Y. Kalisky, Y. Noter, M. Oron, Y. Shimony, and A. Yogev, “Solar-pumped Er,Tm,Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 15(1), 36–38 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaimai, A.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kalisky, Y.

Kato, K.

Kido, K.

Lando, M.

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

I. H. Hwang and J. H. Lee, “Efficiency and threshold pump intensity of cw solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2129–2134 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Linyekin, B.

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mabuti, A.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Motokoshi, S.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Ueda, “The optical properties and laser characteristics of Cr3+ and Nd3+ co-doped Y3Al5O12 ceramics,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1295–1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, Y.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ning, X.

Noter, Y.

O’Gallagher, J.

Ohkubo, T.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oishi, T.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oka, Y.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, Y.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oron, M.

Oyama, A.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sasahara, N.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shimony, Y.

Shwartz, J.

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Uchida, S.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Ueda, “The optical properties and laser characteristics of Cr3+ and Nd3+ co-doped Y3Al5O12 ceramics,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1295–1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weksler, M.

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Winston, R.

Yabe, T.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Ueda, “The optical properties and laser characteristics of Cr3+ and Nd3+ co-doped Y3Al5O12 ceramics,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1295–1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, K.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

Yasunaga, N.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yogev, A.

Yoshida, H.

H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Ueda, “The optical properties and laser characteristics of Cr3+ and Nd3+ co-doped Y3Al5O12 ceramics,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1295–1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett. 34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Young, C. G.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Yabe, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, T. Funatsu, A. Mabuti, A. Oyama, K. Nakagawa, T. Oishi, K. Daito, B. Behgol, Y. Nakayama, M. Yoshida, S. Motokoshi, Y. Sato, and C. Baasandash, “High-efficiency and economical solar-energy-pumped laser with Fresnel lens and chromium co-doped laser medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(26), 2611201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Weksler and J. Shwartz, “Solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1222–1228 (1988).
[CrossRef]

I. H. Hwang and J. H. Lee, “Efficiency and threshold pump intensity of cw solar-pumped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(9), 2129–2134 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, K. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

O. Graydon, “Solar power: a sunny solution,” Nat. Photonics 1(9), 495–496 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Graham-Rowe, “Solar-powered lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 64–65 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Lando, J. Kagan, B. Linyekin, and V. Dobrusin, “A solar-pumped Nd:YAG laser in the high collection efficiency regime,” Opt. Commun. 222(1-6), 371–381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Ueda, “The optical properties and laser characteristics of Cr3+ and Nd3+ co-doped Y3Al5O12 ceramics,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(6), 1295–1300 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

W. T. Welford and R. Winston, in High Collection Nonimaging Optics (Academic Press, 1989).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The Nd:YAG solar-pumped laser system with a 0.9 m diameter Fresnel lens and a laser head positioned in its focal zone.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The Nd:YAG laser head is composed of the DTIRC coupled to the conical pump cavity where a 3-4 mm diameter rod is efficiently pumped. A concave output coupler is optically aligned along the rod axis.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Solar laser output power versus concentrated solar power in the focal zone of the Fresnel lens.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measurements of the Laser Performance

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

arctanθ= ϕ 2 ϕ 1 2L

Metrics