Abstract

In the present paper we describe a high-power tunable solid-state dye laser setup that offers peak output power up to 800 mW around 575 nm with excellent long-time power stability and low noise level. The spectral width of the laser emission is less than 3 GHz and can be tuned over more than 30 nm. A nearly circular mode profile is achieved with an M2 better than 1.4. The device can be integrated in a compact housing (dimensions are 60 × 40 × 20 cm3). The limitation of long-time power stability is mainly given by photo decomposition of organic dye molecules. These processes are analyzed in detail via spatially resolved micro-imaging and spectroscopic studies.

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  1. O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, and B. B. Snavely, “Cw operation of an organic dye solution laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17(6), 245–247 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J.-C. Diels, “Femtosecond dye lasers,” in Dye Laser Principles, Duarte & Hillman, eds. (Academic Press, 1990), pp. 41–132.
  3. J. F. Duarte, Tunable Laser Applications, 2nd ed. (CRC Press, 2009).
  4. T. Hänsch, M. Pernier, and A. Schawlow, “Laser action of dyes in gelatin,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 45–46 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Bornemann, U. Lemmer, and E. Thiel, “Continuous-wave solid-state dye laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(11), 1669–1671 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Kytina, V. G. Kytin, and K. Lips, “High-power polymer dye laser with improved stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(24), 4902–4904 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Yamashita, K. Hase, H. Yanagi, and K. Oe, “Optical amplification in organic dye-doped polymeric channel waveguide under cw optical pumping,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(28), L688–L690 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Nakanotani, C. Adachi, S. Watanabe, and R. Katoh, “Spectrally narrow emission from organic films under continuous-wave excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231109 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Yang, M. Diemeer, C. Grivas, G. Sengo, A. Driessen, and M. Pollnau, “Steady-state lasing in a solid polymer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 650–656 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Kogelnik, E. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 373–379 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Reisfeld, “Fluorescent dyes in sol-gel glasses,” J. Fluoresc. 12(3/4), 317–325 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Weiss, E. Yariv, and R. Reisfeld, “Photostability of luminescent dyes in solid-state dye lasers,” Opt. Mater. 24(1-2), 31–34 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. A. El-Daly, M. K. Awad, S. T. Abdel-Halim, and D. A. Dowidar, “Photophysical properties and semiempirical calculations of perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic tetramethylester (PTME),” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 71(3), 1063–1069 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Faloss, M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, and J. P. Boilot, “Toward millions of laser pulses with pyrromethene- and perylene-doped xerogels,” Appl. Opt. 36(27), 6760–6763 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, A. A. Gorman, and I. Hamblett, “Photostability enhancement of pyrromethene 567 and perylene orange in oxygen-free liquid and solid dye lasers,” Appl. Opt. 36(24), 5862–5871 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. Malacara, Optical Shop Testing, 3rd ed. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007).
  18. ISO 11146, Laser and laser related equipment-Test methods for laser beam widths, divergence angles and beam propagation ratios: ISO 11146–1:2005, Part 1: Stigmatic and simple astigmatic beams; ISO11146–2:2005, Part 2: General astigmatic beams; ISO/TR 11146–3:2004, Part 3: Intrinsic and geometrical laser beam classification, propagation, and details of test method; ISO/TR 11146–3:2004/Cor1:2005 (International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2005).
  19. J. Eichler, L. Dünkel, and B. Eppich, “Die Strahlqualitaet von Lasern–Wie bestimmt man Beugungsmasszahl und Strahldurchmesser in der Praxis?” Laser Technik J., 63–66 (2004).
  20. E. Thiel, Entwicklung eines inkohärent gepumpten kontinuierlichen Farbstofflasers (Universität Siegen, 1987).
  21. U. Brackmann, “Lambdachrome Laser Dyes,” (Lambda Physik, Göttingen, 2000).

2010

J. Yang, M. Diemeer, C. Grivas, G. Sengo, A. Driessen, and M. Pollnau, “Steady-state lasing in a solid polymer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 650–656 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

S. A. El-Daly, M. K. Awad, S. T. Abdel-Halim, and D. A. Dowidar, “Photophysical properties and semiempirical calculations of perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic tetramethylester (PTME),” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 71(3), 1063–1069 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

K. Yamashita, K. Hase, H. Yanagi, and K. Oe, “Optical amplification in organic dye-doped polymeric channel waveguide under cw optical pumping,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(28), L688–L690 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakanotani, C. Adachi, S. Watanabe, and R. Katoh, “Spectrally narrow emission from organic films under continuous-wave excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

R. Bornemann, U. Lemmer, and E. Thiel, “Continuous-wave solid-state dye laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(11), 1669–1671 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

G. Kytina, V. G. Kytin, and K. Lips, “High-power polymer dye laser with improved stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(24), 4902–4904 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

M. Weiss, E. Yariv, and R. Reisfeld, “Photostability of luminescent dyes in solid-state dye lasers,” Opt. Mater. 24(1-2), 31–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

R. Reisfeld, “Fluorescent dyes in sol-gel glasses,” J. Fluoresc. 12(3/4), 317–325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997

1972

H. Kogelnik, E. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971

T. Hänsch, M. Pernier, and A. Schawlow, “Laser action of dyes in gelatin,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 45–46 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, and B. B. Snavely, “Cw operation of an organic dye solution laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17(6), 245–247 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Abdel-Halim, S. T.

S. A. El-Daly, M. K. Awad, S. T. Abdel-Halim, and D. A. Dowidar, “Photophysical properties and semiempirical calculations of perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic tetramethylester (PTME),” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 71(3), 1063–1069 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adachi, C.

H. Nakanotani, C. Adachi, S. Watanabe, and R. Katoh, “Spectrally narrow emission from organic films under continuous-wave excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Awad, M. K.

S. A. El-Daly, M. K. Awad, S. T. Abdel-Halim, and D. A. Dowidar, “Photophysical properties and semiempirical calculations of perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic tetramethylester (PTME),” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 71(3), 1063–1069 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boilot, J. P.

Bornemann, R.

Brun, A.

Canva, M.

Chaput, F.

Diemeer, M.

J. Yang, M. Diemeer, C. Grivas, G. Sengo, A. Driessen, and M. Pollnau, “Steady-state lasing in a solid polymer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 650–656 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dienes, A.

H. Kogelnik, E. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Dowidar, D. A.

S. A. El-Daly, M. K. Awad, S. T. Abdel-Halim, and D. A. Dowidar, “Photophysical properties and semiempirical calculations of perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic tetramethylester (PTME),” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 71(3), 1063–1069 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Driessen, A.

J. Yang, M. Diemeer, C. Grivas, G. Sengo, A. Driessen, and M. Pollnau, “Steady-state lasing in a solid polymer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 650–656 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dünkel, L.

J. Eichler, L. Dünkel, and B. Eppich, “Die Strahlqualitaet von Lasern–Wie bestimmt man Beugungsmasszahl und Strahldurchmesser in der Praxis?” Laser Technik J., 63–66 (2004).

Eichler, J.

J. Eichler, L. Dünkel, and B. Eppich, “Die Strahlqualitaet von Lasern–Wie bestimmt man Beugungsmasszahl und Strahldurchmesser in der Praxis?” Laser Technik J., 63–66 (2004).

El-Daly, S. A.

S. A. El-Daly, M. K. Awad, S. T. Abdel-Halim, and D. A. Dowidar, “Photophysical properties and semiempirical calculations of perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic tetramethylester (PTME),” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 71(3), 1063–1069 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eppich, B.

J. Eichler, L. Dünkel, and B. Eppich, “Die Strahlqualitaet von Lasern–Wie bestimmt man Beugungsmasszahl und Strahldurchmesser in der Praxis?” Laser Technik J., 63–66 (2004).

Faloss, M.

Galbrecht, F.

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Gerlach, K.

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gorman, A. A.

Gries, W.

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grivas, C.

J. Yang, M. Diemeer, C. Grivas, G. Sengo, A. Driessen, and M. Pollnau, “Steady-state lasing in a solid polymer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 650–656 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hamblett, I.

Hänsch, T.

T. Hänsch, M. Pernier, and A. Schawlow, “Laser action of dyes in gelatin,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 45–46 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Hase, K.

K. Yamashita, K. Hase, H. Yanagi, and K. Oe, “Optical amplification in organic dye-doped polymeric channel waveguide under cw optical pumping,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(28), L688–L690 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hinze, P.

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E.

H. Kogelnik, E. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Johannes, H.-H.

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Katoh, R.

H. Nakanotani, C. Adachi, S. Watanabe, and R. Katoh, “Spectrally narrow emission from organic films under continuous-wave excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, E. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kowalsky, W.

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kytin, V. G.

G. Kytina, V. G. Kytin, and K. Lips, “High-power polymer dye laser with improved stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(24), 4902–4904 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kytina, G.

G. Kytina, V. G. Kytin, and K. Lips, “High-power polymer dye laser with improved stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(24), 4902–4904 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lemmer, U.

Lips, K.

G. Kytina, V. G. Kytin, and K. Lips, “High-power polymer dye laser with improved stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(24), 4902–4904 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakanotani, H.

H. Nakanotani, C. Adachi, S. Watanabe, and R. Katoh, “Spectrally narrow emission from organic films under continuous-wave excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Niederhofer, J.

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oe, K.

K. Yamashita, K. Hase, H. Yanagi, and K. Oe, “Optical amplification in organic dye-doped polymeric channel waveguide under cw optical pumping,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(28), L688–L690 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pernier, M.

T. Hänsch, M. Pernier, and A. Schawlow, “Laser action of dyes in gelatin,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 45–46 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, O. G.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, and B. B. Snavely, “Cw operation of an organic dye solution laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17(6), 245–247 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

J. Yang, M. Diemeer, C. Grivas, G. Sengo, A. Driessen, and M. Pollnau, “Steady-state lasing in a solid polymer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 650–656 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rabe, T.

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rahn, M. D.

Reisfeld, R.

M. Weiss, E. Yariv, and R. Reisfeld, “Photostability of luminescent dyes in solid-state dye lasers,” Opt. Mater. 24(1-2), 31–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Reisfeld, “Fluorescent dyes in sol-gel glasses,” J. Fluoresc. 12(3/4), 317–325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Riedl, T.

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schawlow, A.

T. Hänsch, M. Pernier, and A. Schawlow, “Laser action of dyes in gelatin,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 45–46 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Scherf, U.

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sengo, G.

J. Yang, M. Diemeer, C. Grivas, G. Sengo, A. Driessen, and M. Pollnau, “Steady-state lasing in a solid polymer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 650–656 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C.

H. Kogelnik, E. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Snavely, B. B.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, and B. B. Snavely, “Cw operation of an organic dye solution laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17(6), 245–247 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Thiel, E.

Tuccio, S. A.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, and B. B. Snavely, “Cw operation of an organic dye solution laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17(6), 245–247 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

H. Nakanotani, C. Adachi, S. Watanabe, and R. Katoh, “Spectrally narrow emission from organic films under continuous-wave excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weimann, T.

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, M.

M. Weiss, E. Yariv, and R. Reisfeld, “Photostability of luminescent dyes in solid-state dye lasers,” Opt. Mater. 24(1-2), 31–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, K.

K. Yamashita, K. Hase, H. Yanagi, and K. Oe, “Optical amplification in organic dye-doped polymeric channel waveguide under cw optical pumping,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(28), L688–L690 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yanagi, H.

K. Yamashita, K. Hase, H. Yanagi, and K. Oe, “Optical amplification in organic dye-doped polymeric channel waveguide under cw optical pumping,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(28), L688–L690 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, M. Diemeer, C. Grivas, G. Sengo, A. Driessen, and M. Pollnau, “Steady-state lasing in a solid polymer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 650–656 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, E.

M. Weiss, E. Yariv, and R. Reisfeld, “Photostability of luminescent dyes in solid-state dye lasers,” Opt. Mater. 24(1-2), 31–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

O. G. Peterson, S. A. Tuccio, and B. B. Snavely, “Cw operation of an organic dye solution laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17(6), 245–247 (1970).
[CrossRef]

G. Kytina, V. G. Kytin, and K. Lips, “High-power polymer dye laser with improved stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(24), 4902–4904 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Rabe, K. Gerlach, T. Riedl, H.-H. Johannes, W. Kowalsky, J. Niederhofer, W. Gries, J. Wang, T. Weimann, P. Hinze, F. Galbrecht, and U. Scherf, “Quasi-continuous-wave operation of an organic thin-film distributed feedback laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(8), 081115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakanotani, C. Adachi, S. Watanabe, and R. Katoh, “Spectrally narrow emission from organic films under continuous-wave excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(23), 231109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Hänsch, M. Pernier, and A. Schawlow, “Laser action of dyes in gelatin,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(1), 45–46 (1971).
[CrossRef]

H. Kogelnik, E. Ippen, A. Dienes, and C. Shank, “Astigmatically compensated cavities for cw dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8(3), 373–379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Fluoresc.

R. Reisfeld, “Fluorescent dyes in sol-gel glasses,” J. Fluoresc. 12(3/4), 317–325 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

K. Yamashita, K. Hase, H. Yanagi, and K. Oe, “Optical amplification in organic dye-doped polymeric channel waveguide under cw optical pumping,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(28), L688–L690 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

J. Yang, M. Diemeer, C. Grivas, G. Sengo, A. Driessen, and M. Pollnau, “Steady-state lasing in a solid polymer,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(9), 650–656 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

M. Weiss, E. Yariv, and R. Reisfeld, “Photostability of luminescent dyes in solid-state dye lasers,” Opt. Mater. 24(1-2), 31–34 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.

S. A. El-Daly, M. K. Awad, S. T. Abdel-Halim, and D. A. Dowidar, “Photophysical properties and semiempirical calculations of perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic tetramethylester (PTME),” Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 71(3), 1063–1069 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

D. Malacara, Optical Shop Testing, 3rd ed. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2007).

ISO 11146, Laser and laser related equipment-Test methods for laser beam widths, divergence angles and beam propagation ratios: ISO 11146–1:2005, Part 1: Stigmatic and simple astigmatic beams; ISO11146–2:2005, Part 2: General astigmatic beams; ISO/TR 11146–3:2004, Part 3: Intrinsic and geometrical laser beam classification, propagation, and details of test method; ISO/TR 11146–3:2004/Cor1:2005 (International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2005).

J. Eichler, L. Dünkel, and B. Eppich, “Die Strahlqualitaet von Lasern–Wie bestimmt man Beugungsmasszahl und Strahldurchmesser in der Praxis?” Laser Technik J., 63–66 (2004).

E. Thiel, Entwicklung eines inkohärent gepumpten kontinuierlichen Farbstofflasers (Universität Siegen, 1987).

U. Brackmann, “Lambdachrome Laser Dyes,” (Lambda Physik, Göttingen, 2000).

J.-C. Diels, “Femtosecond dye lasers,” in Dye Laser Principles, Duarte & Hillman, eds. (Academic Press, 1990), pp. 41–132.

J. F. Duarte, Tunable Laser Applications, 2nd ed. (CRC Press, 2009).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the laser resonator with laser disk (LD), motor (M), fold mirror (FM), high-reflection mirror (HR), output-coupling mirror (OC), optional birefringence filter (BRF), pump laser (PL), pump laser focusing mirror (PM), laser beam (LB), and the folding angle ().

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Absorption and fluorescence spectrum of the laser disk material; (b) tuning range with achievable output power of the polymer laser; (c) typical emission spectrum of the laser emission; (d) laser emission spectrum measured with a scanning Fabry–Perot interferometer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Input-output characteristic of the polymer laser with different transmission of the output coupling mirror (OC).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Long-time power stability; blue line with a constant pump power of 4.5 W; red line with regulated output power of the polymer laser. (b) Short-time power stability of the polymer laser; black is the laser signal; red a trigger signal, which indicates the angular position of the polymer disc.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Intensity beam profile of the laser beam in 50 cm distance of the output-coupler (OC); (b) square of the beam radius in the near of a focus.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Differential optical density spectrum after 4 hours laser; (b) fluorescence intensity image of a sawed polymer disc; left, unmodified part of the disc; right, bleached part of the disc; pump laser irritation comes from bottom.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Photography of the laser within the laser housing including the pump-laser during laser operation.

Equations (9)

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sin(θ)*tan(θ)=N* d f
N= ( n 2 1) n 2 +1 n 4 ,
d 2 =A+B*z+ C 2 * z 2 ,
θ f = C
d 0 = A B 2 4C .
M 2 = d 0 * θ f *π 4*λ ,
B= ε( λ L )*c* d akt log(1 L ges ) ε SE * N A 2*τ*A(c, d akt ) ,
ω f = λ* f PM π* ω 0 .
z f = π* ω f 2 λ

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