Abstract

We demonstrate the generation of full C-band coherent and frequency-lock multi-carriers by using two recirculating frequency shifter (RFS) EDFA loops based on phase modulator with external injection-seeding. In our proposed novel scheme, only one phase modulator is used in each loop and two loops are used to generate long wavelength and short wavelength subcarriers, respectively. Full C-band with totally 178 subcarriers and 26 GHz subcarrier frequency spacing covering nearly 36.66 nm from 1527.54 to 1564.20 nm are obtained. The performance of 178 subcarriers with superior flatness less than 3dB and tone-to-noise ratio (TNR) larger than 20 dB after a wavelength selective switch (WSS) shows that this novel scheme is a potential technique for the future 10Tb/s optical communication.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  29. A. Takada and W. Imajuku, “Linewidth narrowing and optical phase control of mode-locked semiconductor ring laser employing optical injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(10), 1328–1330 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2011

2010

J. Li, X. Li, X. Zhang, F. Tian, and L. Xi, “Analysis of the stability and optimizing operation of the single-side-band modulator based on re-circulating frequency shifter used for the T-bit/s optical communication transmission,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17597–17609 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, “1.2 Tbit/s orthogonal PDM-RZ-QPSK DWDM signal transmission over 1040 km SMF-28,” Electron. Lett. 46(11), 775–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, S. Savory, F. Forghieri, and P. Poggiolin, “Ultra-narrow-spacing 10-channel 1.12 Tb/s D-WDM long-haul transmission over uncompensated SMF and NZDSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1419–1421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, D. Peckham, and R. Lingle, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 1.2-Tb/s multicarrier no-guard-interval CO-OFDM superchannel using ultra-large-area fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 826–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2007

2005

A. Lowery, “Performance predictions and topology improvements for optical serrodyne comb generators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(8), 2371–2379 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, J. Yao, Z. Deng, and J. Liu, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped Fiber ring laser incorporating an SOA-based phase modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 756–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

2000

1999

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Kiyan, O. Deparis, O. Pottiez, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, “Stabilization of actively mode-locked Er-doped fiber lasers in the rational-harmonic frequency-doubling mode-locking regime,” Opt. Lett. 24(15), 1029–1031 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

A. Takada and W. Imajuku, “Linewidth narrowing and optical phase control of mode-locked semiconductor ring laser employing optical injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(10), 1328–1330 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

K. P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, “Optical frequency comb generator using phase modulation in amplified circulating loop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(6), 721–725 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson, “40GHz actively modelocked polarisationmaintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 411–413 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bakhshi, B.

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson, “40GHz actively modelocked polarisationmaintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 411–413 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bellemare, A.

Bennett, S.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blondel, M.

Bosco, G.

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, S. Savory, F. Forghieri, and P. Poggiolin, “Ultra-narrow-spacing 10-channel 1.12 Tb/s D-WDM long-haul transmission over uncompensated SMF and NZDSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1419–1421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bull, J. D.

Burr, E.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cai, B.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carena, A.

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, S. Savory, F. Forghieri, and P. Poggiolin, “Ultra-narrow-spacing 10-channel 1.12 Tb/s D-WDM long-haul transmission over uncompensated SMF and NZDSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1419–1421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

B. Zhu, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, D. Peckham, and R. Lingle, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 1.2-Tb/s multicarrier no-guard-interval CO-OFDM superchannel using ultra-large-area fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 826–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

Chi, N.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, J. Yu, Y. Shao, J. Zhu, B. Huang, and L. Tao, “Generation of coherent and frequency-lock multi-carriers using cascaded phase modulators and recirculating frequency shifter for Tb/s optical communication,” Opt. Express 19(14), 12891–12902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96-Tb/s (21x100 Gb/s) optical OFDM superchannel generation and transmission over 3200-km SMF-28 with EDFA-only,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Z.

J. Yao, J. Yao, Z. Deng, and J. Liu, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped Fiber ring laser incorporating an SOA-based phase modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 756–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Deparis, O.

Dong, F.

Dong, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96-Tb/s (21x100 Gb/s) optical OFDM superchannel generation and transmission over 3200-km SMF-28 with EDFA-only,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

Forghieri, F.

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, S. Savory, F. Forghieri, and P. Poggiolin, “Ultra-narrow-spacing 10-channel 1.12 Tb/s D-WDM long-haul transmission over uncompensated SMF and NZDSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1419–1421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Garcia Gunning, F. C.

Gavioli, G.

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, S. Savory, F. Forghieri, and P. Poggiolin, “Ultra-narrow-spacing 10-channel 1.12 Tb/s D-WDM long-haul transmission over uncompensated SMF and NZDSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1419–1421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gough, O.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Healy, T.

Ho, K. P.

K. P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, “Optical frequency comb generator using phase modulation in amplified circulating loop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(6), 721–725 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huang, B.

Imajuku, W.

A. Takada and W. Imajuku, “Linewidth narrowing and optical phase control of mode-locked semiconductor ring laser employing optical injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(10), 1328–1330 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, J. M.

K. P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, “Optical frequency comb generator using phase modulation in amplified circulating loop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(6), 721–725 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Karasek, M.

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kiyan, R.

Kurokawa, K.

T. Sakamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Kurokawa, and S. Tomita, “DWDM transmission in O-band over 24 km PCF using optical frequency comb based multicarrier source,” Electron. Lett. 45(16), 850–851 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Li, X.

Lingle, R.

B. Zhu, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, D. Peckham, and R. Lingle, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 1.2-Tb/s multicarrier no-guard-interval CO-OFDM superchannel using ultra-large-area fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 826–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Yao, J. Yao, Z. Deng, and J. Liu, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped Fiber ring laser incorporating an SOA-based phase modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 756–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

B. Zhu, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, D. Peckham, and R. Lingle, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 1.2-Tb/s multicarrier no-guard-interval CO-OFDM superchannel using ultra-large-area fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 826–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lowery, A.

LRochelle, S.

Ma, Y.

Mégret, P.

Mirza, M. A.

Moon, H. S.

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ngo, N. Q.

Peckham, D.

B. Zhu, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, D. Peckham, and R. Lingle, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 1.2-Tb/s multicarrier no-guard-interval CO-OFDM superchannel using ultra-large-area fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 826–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Poggiolin, P.

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, S. Savory, F. Forghieri, and P. Poggiolin, “Ultra-narrow-spacing 10-channel 1.12 Tb/s D-WDM long-haul transmission over uncompensated SMF and NZDSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1419–1421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pottiez, O.

Rochette, M.

Ryu, H. Y.

Sakamoto, T.

T. Sakamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Kurokawa, and S. Tomita, “DWDM transmission in O-band over 24 km PCF using optical frequency comb based multicarrier source,” Electron. Lett. 45(16), 850–851 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Savory, S.

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, S. Savory, F. Forghieri, and P. Poggiolin, “Ultra-narrow-spacing 10-channel 1.12 Tb/s D-WDM long-haul transmission over uncompensated SMF and NZDSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1419–1421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A. J.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Y.

Shieh, W.

Stewart, G.

Suh, H. S.

Takada, A.

A. Takada and W. Imajuku, “Linewidth narrowing and optical phase control of mode-locked semiconductor ring laser employing optical injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(10), 1328–1330 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

Tao, L.

Tetu, M.

Tian, F.

Tomita, S.

T. Sakamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Kurokawa, and S. Tomita, “DWDM transmission in O-band over 24 km PCF using optical frequency comb based multicarrier source,” Electron. Lett. 45(16), 850–851 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Torrengo, E.

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, S. Savory, F. Forghieri, and P. Poggiolin, “Ultra-narrow-spacing 10-channel 1.12 Tb/s D-WDM long-haul transmission over uncompensated SMF and NZDSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1419–1421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xi, L.

Yamamoto, T.

T. Sakamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Kurokawa, and S. Tomita, “DWDM transmission in O-band over 24 km PCF using optical frequency comb based multicarrier source,” Electron. Lett. 45(16), 850–851 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

Yao, J.

J. Yao, J. Yao, Z. Deng, and J. Liu, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped Fiber ring laser incorporating an SOA-based phase modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 756–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, J. Yao, Z. Deng, and J. Liu, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped Fiber ring laser incorporating an SOA-based phase modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 756–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, J. Yu, Y. Shao, J. Zhu, B. Huang, and L. Tao, “Generation of coherent and frequency-lock multi-carriers using cascaded phase modulators and recirculating frequency shifter for Tb/s optical communication,” Opt. Express 19(14), 12891–12902 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96-Tb/s (21x100 Gb/s) optical OFDM superchannel generation and transmission over 3200-km SMF-28 with EDFA-only,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, “1.2 Tbit/s orthogonal PDM-RZ-QPSK DWDM signal transmission over 1040 km SMF-28,” Electron. Lett. 46(11), 775–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, X.

Zhou, D.

Zhou, K.

Zhu, B.

B. Zhu, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, D. Peckham, and R. Lingle, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 1.2-Tb/s multicarrier no-guard-interval CO-OFDM superchannel using ultra-large-area fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 826–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J.

Electron. Lett.

J. Yu, “1.2 Tbit/s orthogonal PDM-RZ-QPSK DWDM signal transmission over 1040 km SMF-28,” Electron. Lett. 46(11), 775–777 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sakamoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Kurokawa, and S. Tomita, “DWDM transmission in O-band over 24 km PCF using optical frequency comb based multicarrier source,” Electron. Lett. 45(16), 850–851 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson, “40GHz actively modelocked polarisationmaintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 36(5), 411–413 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. Takada and W. Imajuku, “Linewidth narrowing and optical phase control of mode-locked semiconductor ring laser employing optical injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9(10), 1328–1330 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, “Optical frequency comb generator using phase modulation in amplified circulating loop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(6), 721–725 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, J. Yao, Z. Deng, and J. Liu, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped Fiber ring laser incorporating an SOA-based phase modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 756–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, S. Savory, F. Forghieri, and P. Poggiolin, “Ultra-narrow-spacing 10-channel 1.12 Tb/s D-WDM long-haul transmission over uncompensated SMF and NZDSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(19), 1419–1421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, D. Peckham, and R. Lingle, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 1.2-Tb/s multicarrier no-guard-interval CO-OFDM superchannel using ultra-large-area fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 826–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96-Tb/s (21x100 Gb/s) optical OFDM superchannel generation and transmission over 3200-km SMF-28 with EDFA-only,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

J. Yu, Z. Dong, X. Xiao, Y. Xia, S. Shi, C. Ge, W. Zhou, N. Chi and Y. Shao, “Generation of 112 coherent multi-carriers and transmission of 10 Tb/s (112x100Gb/s) single optical OFDM superchannel over 640 km SMF,” OFC2011, PDPA6 (2011).

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, D. Peckham, “Transmission of a 1.2-Tb/s 24-carrier no-guard-interval coherent OFDM superchannel over 7200-km of ultra-large-area Fiber,” ECOC. PD2.6 (2009).

H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, A. Sano, T. Yoshimatsu, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, S. Matsuoka, Y. Takatori, M. Mizoguchi, K. Okada, K. Hagimoto, T. Yamada, S. Kamei, “13.5-Tb/s (135 × 111-Gb/s/ch) no-guard-interval coherent OFDM transmission over 6,248 km using SNR maximized second-order DRA in the extended L-band,” OFC. PDPB5 (2009).

D. Hillerkuss, T. Schellinger, R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, T. Vallaitis, R. Bonk, A. Marculescu, J. Li, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, S. Ben Ezra, N. Narkiss, B. Nebendahl, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, K. Weingarten, T. Ellermeyer, J. Lutz, M. Möller, M. Hübner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single source optical OFDM transmitter and optical FFT receiver demonstrated at line rates of 5.4 and 10.8Tbit/s,” OFC 2010, PDPC1 (2010).

S. Liu and T. Trina, Ng, David J. Richardson, Periklis Petropoulos. “An optical frequency comb generator as a broadband pulse source,” OFC. OThG7, (2009).

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, B. Zhu, D. Peckham, “Efficient digital coherent Detection of a 1.2-Tb/s 24-carrier no-guard-interval CO-OFDM signal by simultaneously detecting multiple carriers per sampling,” OFC. OWO2 (2010).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic configuration of the full C-band multi-carriers generation by using two RFS EDFA loops based on phase modulator (ECL: external cavity laser; OC: optical coupler (polarization maintaining); PM: phase modulator; TD: tunable delay line (polarization maintaining); PC: polarization controller; TOF: tunable optical filter; WSS: wavelength selective switch)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The principle for multi-carriers generation in RFS EDFA loop without and with EDFA gain spectrum or band pass filter limit

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experiment setup for full C-band multi-carriers generation with two EDFA recirculating loops (OSA: optical spectrum analyzer; EDFA Power: 14dBm; RF driven signal frequency: 26GHz).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The optical spectrum after phase modulator with 13 subcarriers generated.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The optical spectrum of (a) output A and (b) output B

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

the observation of the entire output from a single ring on a high speed oscilloscope within 1ns

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The optical spectrum of the combining of output A and output B (a) passing through a optical band pass filter; (b) passing through a WSS.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The detailed optical spectrum of subcarriers passing through WSS without flattening (a) from 1528 to1532 nm; (b) from 1533 to1537 nm; (c) from 1538 to1542 nm; (d) from 1543 to1547 nm; (e) from 1548 to1552 nm; (f) from 1558 to1561 nm.

Equations (7)

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E out = E o exp(j2π f c t)exp(jπRsin2π f s t) = E o n= + J n (πR) exp[j2π( f c +n f s )] E o n= N 1 /2 N 1 /2 J n (πR)exp[j2π( f c +n f s )]
2π f s T=2pπ
2π f c T=2qπ
F(t)= g r exp( a r ) n= N 1 /2 N 1 /2 J n (πR)exp(j2πn f s t)
E out_1 = E o g r exp( a r )exp(j2π f c t) n= N 1 /2 N 1 /2 J n (π R c ) exp(j2πn f s t) E out_2 = E o exp(j2π f c t) n= N 1 /2 N 1 /2 J n (π R c ) exp(j2πn f s t)+ E out_1 F= E out_1 (1+F) E out_3 = E out_1 + E out_2 F= E out_1 (1+F+ F 2 ) ......
E out_K = E out_1 (1+F+ F 2 +......+ F K1 ) = E o exp(j2π f c t) F(1 F K ) 1F
E M n =exp(j ϕ r ) i= N 1 /2 N 1 /2 E M1 ni J i (πR)+ E M1 ni

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