Abstract

We theoretically investigate the laser wavelength dependence of asymmetric dissociation of H2+. It is found that the electron localization in molecular dissociation is significantly manipulated by varying the wavelength of the driving field. Through creating a strong nuclear vibration in the laser-molecular interaction, our simulations demonstrate that the few-cycle mid-infrared pulse can effectively localize the electron at one of the dissociating nuclei with weak ionization. Moreover, we show that the observed phase-shift of the dissociation asymmetry is attributed to the different population transfers by the remaining fields after the internuclear distances reach the one-photon coupling point.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. H. Posthumus, “The dynamics of small molecules in intense laser fields,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 623–665 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. S. Nguyen, “Attosecond localization of electrons in molecules,” Int. J. Quant. Chem. 100, 834–844 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. Roudnev, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Controlling HD+ and H2+ dissociation with the carrier-envelope phase difference of an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 163601 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. X. M. Tong and C. D. Lin, “Dynamics of light-field control of molecular dissociation at the few-cycle limit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 123002 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Gräfe and M. Yu. Ivanov, “Effective fields in laser-driven electron recollision and charge localization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 163603 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. He, A. Becker, and U. Thumm, “Strong-field modulated diffraction effects in the correlated electron-nuclear motion in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 213002 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. Kelkensberg, G. Sansone, M. Y. Ivanov, and M. Vrakking, “A semi-classical model of attosecond electron localization in dissociative ionization of hydrogen,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 8647–8652 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. Liu, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Phase dependence of electron localization in HeH2+ dissociation with an intense few-cycle laser pulse,” Opt. Express 19, 20279–20287 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. Liu, Z. Zeng, P. Wei, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Driving-laser wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation in H2+ molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033426 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Magrakvelidze, F. He, T. Niederhausen, I. V. Litvinyuk, and U. Thumm, “Quantum-beat imaging of the nuclear dynamics in D2+: Dependence of bond softening and bond hardening on laser intersity, wavelength, and pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033410 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. X. Gu, G. Marcus, Y. Deng, T. Metzger, C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Generation of carrier-envelope-phase-stable 2-cycle 740-μJ pulses at 2.1-μm carrier wavelength,” Opt. Express 17, 62–69 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express 16, 9795–9803 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Coherent continuum generation above 100 eV driven by an ir parametric source in a two-color scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. W. Hong, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamic control for the quantum path in the midinfrared regime using a weak near-infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053407 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  25. K. C. Kulander, F. H. Mies, and K. J. Schafer, “Model for studies of laser-induced nonlinear processes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2562–2570 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. G. L. Ver Steeg, K. Bartschat, and I. Bray, “Time-dependent model calculations for a molecular hydrogen ion in a strong ultra-short laser pulse,” J. Phys. B 36, 3325–3336 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  27. J. R. Hiskes, “Dissociation of molecular ions by electric and magnetic fields,” Phys. Rev. 122, 1207–1217 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  28. B. Feuerstein and Uwe Thumm, “On the computation of momentum distributions within wavepacket propagation calculations,” J. Phys. B 36, 707–716 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  29. V. Roudnev and B. D. Esry, “HD+ in a short strong laser pulse: Practical consideration of the observability of carrier-envelope phase effects,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 023403 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

F. Kelkensberg, G. Sansone, M. Y. Ivanov, and M. Vrakking, “A semi-classical model of attosecond electron localization in dissociative ionization of hydrogen,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 8647–8652 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Liu, W. Hong, and P. Lu, “Phase dependence of electron localization in HeH2+ dissociation with an intense few-cycle laser pulse,” Opt. Express 19, 20279–20287 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, P. Wei, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Driving-laser wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation in H2+ molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033426 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (8)

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Magrakvelidze, F. He, T. Niederhausen, I. V. Litvinyuk, and U. Thumm, “Quantum-beat imaging of the nuclear dynamics in D2+: Dependence of bond softening and bond hardening on laser intersity, wavelength, and pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Gu, G. Marcus, Y. Deng, T. Metzger, C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Generation of carrier-envelope-phase-stable 2-cycle 740-μJ pulses at 2.1-μm carrier wavelength,” Opt. Express 17, 62–69 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Coherent continuum generation above 100 eV driven by an ir parametric source in a two-color scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamic control for the quantum path in the midinfrared regime using a weak near-infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express 16, 9795–9803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. He, A. Becker, and U. Thumm, “Strong-field modulated diffraction effects in the correlated electron-nuclear motion in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 213002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

X. M. Tong and C. D. Lin, “Dynamics of light-field control of molecular dissociation at the few-cycle limit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 123002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gräfe and M. Yu. Ivanov, “Effective fields in laser-driven electron recollision and charge localization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 163603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Roudnev and B. D. Esry, “HD+ in a short strong laser pulse: Practical consideration of the observability of carrier-envelope phase effects,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 023403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

J. H. Posthumus, “The dynamics of small molecules in intense laser fields,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 623–665 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. S. Nguyen, “Attosecond localization of electrons in molecules,” Int. J. Quant. Chem. 100, 834–844 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Roudnev, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Controlling HD+ and H2+ dissociation with the carrier-envelope phase difference of an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 163601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

G. L. Ver Steeg, K. Bartschat, and I. Bray, “Time-dependent model calculations for a molecular hydrogen ion in a strong ultra-short laser pulse,” J. Phys. B 36, 3325–3336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Feuerstein and Uwe Thumm, “On the computation of momentum distributions within wavepacket propagation calculations,” J. Phys. B 36, 707–716 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

K. C. Kulander, F. H. Mies, and K. J. Schafer, “Model for studies of laser-induced nonlinear processes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2562–2570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1961 (1)

J. R. Hiskes, “Dissociation of molecular ions by electric and magnetic fields,” Phys. Rev. 122, 1207–1217 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auguste, T.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

Bandrauk, A. D.

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. S. Nguyen, “Attosecond localization of electrons in molecules,” Int. J. Quant. Chem. 100, 834–844 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bartschat, K.

G. L. Ver Steeg, K. Bartschat, and I. Bray, “Time-dependent model calculations for a molecular hydrogen ion in a strong ultra-short laser pulse,” J. Phys. B 36, 3325–3336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. He, A. Becker, and U. Thumm, “Strong-field modulated diffraction effects in the correlated electron-nuclear motion in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 213002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ben-Itzhak, I.

V. Roudnev, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Controlling HD+ and H2+ dissociation with the carrier-envelope phase difference of an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 163601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bray, I.

G. L. Ver Steeg, K. Bartschat, and I. Bray, “Time-dependent model calculations for a molecular hydrogen ion in a strong ultra-short laser pulse,” J. Phys. B 36, 3325–3336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bryan, W. A.

C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Butkus, R.

Calegari, F.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Coherent continuum generation above 100 eV driven by an ir parametric source in a two-color scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Calvert, C.

C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chelkowski, S.

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. S. Nguyen, “Attosecond localization of electrons in molecules,” Int. J. Quant. Chem. 100, 834–844 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cocke, C. L.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

De, S.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

de Jesus, V. L. B.

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Coherent continuum generation above 100 eV driven by an ir parametric source in a two-color scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

de Vivie-Riedle, R.

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deng, Y.

DiMauro, L. F.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drescher, M.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esry, B. D.

V. Roudnev and B. D. Esry, “HD+ in a short strong laser pulse: Practical consideration of the observability of carrier-envelope phase effects,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 023403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Roudnev, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Controlling HD+ and H2+ dissociation with the carrier-envelope phase difference of an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 163601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrari, F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Feuerstein, B.

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Feuerstein and Uwe Thumm, “On the computation of momentum distributions within wavepacket propagation calculations,” J. Phys. B 36, 707–716 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
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M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Frassetto, F.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Coherent continuum generation above 100 eV driven by an ir parametric source in a two-color scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
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Fuji, T.

Ghafur, O.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
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S. Gräfe and M. Yu. Ivanov, “Effective fields in laser-driven electron recollision and charge localization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 163603 (2007).
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C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
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Gu, X.

He, F.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Magrakvelidze, F. He, T. Niederhausen, I. V. Litvinyuk, and U. Thumm, “Quantum-beat imaging of the nuclear dynamics in D2+: Dependence of bond softening and bond hardening on laser intersity, wavelength, and pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
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Ishii, N.

Ishizuki, H.

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F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009).
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Ivanov, M. Y.

F. Kelkensberg, G. Sansone, M. Y. Ivanov, and M. Vrakking, “A semi-classical model of attosecond electron localization in dissociative ionization of hydrogen,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 8647–8652 (2011).
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
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S. Gräfe and M. Yu. Ivanov, “Effective fields in laser-driven electron recollision and charge localization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 163603 (2007).
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
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K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
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F. Kelkensberg, G. Sansone, M. Y. Ivanov, and M. Vrakking, “A semi-classical model of attosecond electron localization in dissociative ionization of hydrogen,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 8647–8652 (2011).
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
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M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
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Kienberger, R.

King, R. B.

C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
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D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
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Kobayashi, T.

Krausz, F.

X. Gu, G. Marcus, Y. Deng, T. Metzger, C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Generation of carrier-envelope-phase-stable 2-cycle 740-μJ pulses at 2.1-μm carrier wavelength,” Opt. Express 17, 62–69 (2009).
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F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009).
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M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
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Kremer, M.

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
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M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
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K. C. Kulander, F. H. Mies, and K. J. Schafer, “Model for studies of laser-induced nonlinear processes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2562–2570 (1996).
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
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Lan, P.

LéPine, F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
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C. Liu, Z. Zeng, P. Wei, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Driving-laser wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation in H2+ molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033426 (2010).
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X. M. Tong and C. D. Lin, “Dynamics of light-field control of molecular dissociation at the few-cycle limit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 123002 (2007).
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K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Magrakvelidze, F. He, T. Niederhausen, I. V. Litvinyuk, and U. Thumm, “Quantum-beat imaging of the nuclear dynamics in D2+: Dependence of bond softening and bond hardening on laser intersity, wavelength, and pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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C. Liu, Z. Zeng, P. Wei, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Driving-laser wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation in H2+ molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033426 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K.

Liu, P.

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, P. Wei, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Driving-laser wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation in H2+ molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033426 (2010).
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Magrakvelidze, M.

M. Magrakvelidze, F. He, T. Niederhausen, I. V. Litvinyuk, and U. Thumm, “Quantum-beat imaging of the nuclear dynamics in D2+: Dependence of bond softening and bond hardening on laser intersity, wavelength, and pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033410 (2009).
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Marcus, G.

Martín, F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
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Mashiko, H.

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Metzger, T.

Mies, F. H.

K. C. Kulander, F. H. Mies, and K. J. Schafer, “Model for studies of laser-induced nonlinear processes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2562–2570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

morales, F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moshammer, R.

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
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Muller, H. G.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
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Murnane, M. M.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
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C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
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A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. S. Nguyen, “Attosecond localization of electrons in molecules,” Int. J. Quant. Chem. 100, 834–844 (2004).
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M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niederhausen, T.

M. Magrakvelidze, F. He, T. Niederhausen, I. V. Litvinyuk, and U. Thumm, “Quantum-beat imaging of the nuclear dynamics in D2+: Dependence of bond softening and bond hardening on laser intersity, wavelength, and pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
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C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Coherent continuum generation above 100 eV driven by an ir parametric source in a two-color scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Paulus, G. G.

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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Pérez-Torres, J. F.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
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Pervak, V.

Pfeifer, T.

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
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Poletto, L.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Coherent continuum generation above 100 eV driven by an ir parametric source in a two-color scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
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J. H. Posthumus, “The dynamics of small molecules in intense laser fields,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 623–665 (2004).
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K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Salières, P.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

F. Kelkensberg, G. Sansone, M. Y. Ivanov, and M. Vrakking, “A semi-classical model of attosecond electron localization in dissociative ionization of hydrogen,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 8647–8652 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Coherent continuum generation above 100 eV driven by an ir parametric source in a two-color scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sanz-Vicario, J. L.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

K. C. Kulander, F. H. Mies, and K. J. Schafer, “Model for studies of laser-induced nonlinear processes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2562–2570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schröter, C. D.

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schultze, M.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharma, V.

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Siedschlag, Ch.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singh, K. P.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Siu, W.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Coherent continuum generation above 100 eV driven by an ir parametric source in a two-color scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Swoboda, M.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

Tate, J.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teisset, C.

Thumm, U.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Magrakvelidze, F. He, T. Niederhausen, I. V. Litvinyuk, and U. Thumm, “Quantum-beat imaging of the nuclear dynamics in D2+: Dependence of bond softening and bond hardening on laser intersity, wavelength, and pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. He, A. Becker, and U. Thumm, “Strong-field modulated diffraction effects in the correlated electron-nuclear motion in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 213002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thumm, Uwe

B. Feuerstein and Uwe Thumm, “On the computation of momentum distributions within wavepacket propagation calculations,” J. Phys. B 36, 707–716 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tong, X. M.

X. M. Tong and C. D. Lin, “Dynamics of light-field control of molecular dissociation at the few-cycle limit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 123002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ullrich, J.

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Uphues, Th.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ver Steeg, G. L.

G. L. Ver Steeg, K. Bartschat, and I. Bray, “Time-dependent model calculations for a molecular hydrogen ion in a strong ultra-short laser pulse,” J. Phys. B 36, 3325–3336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Verhoef, A. J.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Coherent continuum generation above 100 eV driven by an ir parametric source in a two-color scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

von den Hoff, P.

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Coherent continuum generation above 100 eV driven by an ir parametric source in a two-color scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vrakking, M.

F. Kelkensberg, G. Sansone, M. Y. Ivanov, and M. Vrakking, “A semi-classical model of attosecond electron localization in dissociative ionization of hydrogen,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 8647–8652 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vrakking, M. J. J.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, P.

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, P. Wei, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Driving-laser wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation in H2+ molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033426 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Williams, I. D.

C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wirth, A.

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, P. Wei, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Driving-laser wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation in H2+ molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033426 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.

W. Hong, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamic control for the quantum path in the midinfrared regime using a weak near-infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express 16, 9795–9803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, P. Wei, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Driving-laser wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation in H2+ molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033426 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

W. Hong, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamic control for the quantum path in the midinfrared regime using a weak near-infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express 16, 9795–9803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zherebtsov, S.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Znakovskaya, I.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Int. J. Quant. Chem. (1)

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. S. Nguyen, “Attosecond localization of electrons in molecules,” Int. J. Quant. Chem. 100, 834–844 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (3)

C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Ver Steeg, K. Bartschat, and I. Bray, “Time-dependent model calculations for a molecular hydrogen ion in a strong ultra-short laser pulse,” J. Phys. B 36, 3325–3336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Feuerstein and Uwe Thumm, “On the computation of momentum distributions within wavepacket propagation calculations,” J. Phys. B 36, 707–716 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

F. Kelkensberg, G. Sansone, M. Y. Ivanov, and M. Vrakking, “A semi-classical model of attosecond electron localization in dissociative ionization of hydrogen,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 8647–8652 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. R. Hiskes, “Dissociation of molecular ions by electric and magnetic fields,” Phys. Rev. 122, 1207–1217 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (6)

V. Roudnev and B. D. Esry, “HD+ in a short strong laser pulse: Practical consideration of the observability of carrier-envelope phase effects,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 023403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu, Z. Zeng, P. Wei, P. Liu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Driving-laser wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation in H2+ molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033426 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Magrakvelidze, F. He, T. Niederhausen, I. V. Litvinyuk, and U. Thumm, “Quantum-beat imaging of the nuclear dynamics in D2+: Dependence of bond softening and bond hardening on laser intersity, wavelength, and pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033410 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Coherent continuum generation above 100 eV driven by an ir parametric source in a two-color scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033842 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamic control for the quantum path in the midinfrared regime using a weak near-infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 053407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Kulander, F. H. Mies, and K. J. Schafer, “Model for studies of laser-induced nonlinear processes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2562–2570 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (10)

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Roudnev, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Controlling HD+ and H2+ dissociation with the carrier-envelope phase difference of an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 163601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. M. Tong and C. D. Lin, “Dynamics of light-field control of molecular dissociation at the few-cycle limit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 123002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gräfe and M. Yu. Ivanov, “Effective fields in laser-driven electron recollision and charge localization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 163603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. He, A. Becker, and U. Thumm, “Strong-field modulated diffraction effects in the correlated electron-nuclear motion in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 213002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

J. H. Posthumus, “The dynamics of small molecules in intense laser fields,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 623–665 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Supplementary Material (4)

» Media 1: MOV (632 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (809 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (632 KB)     
» Media 4: MOV (802 KB)     

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The probability density of the H 2 + molecular ground state and the configuration space regions associated with different final state channels. The dash lines indicate the positions of the nuclei. The color scale is linear. (b) The sketch of the potential energy surface for the 1g and 2u states of H 2 + .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The dependence of the phase-sensitive asymmetry parameter A on the wavelengths of 800, 1000, 1200 and 1600 nm (in increasing order from the left to the right column) for three different intensities of 8×1014 (top row), 6×1014 (middle row) and 4×1014 W/cm2 (bottom row).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Multimedia online) Snapshots of H 2 + electron-nuclear probability density distribution taken at t = 30 fs for four cases, in which the laser parameters for (a) ( Media 1), (b) ( Media 2), (c) ( Media 3) and (d) ( Media 4) are the same as those in Figs. 2(a), 2(d), 2(i) and 2(l), respectively, except that the CEP is fixed at 0.5π. The color scale is logarithmic.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time-dependent ionization and dissociation probabilities under four wavelengths for peak intensities of 4 × 1014 (left column), 6 × 1014 (middle column) and 8 × 1014 W/cm2 (right column). The color arrows indicate the dependence of the final probabilities on the pulse wavelength.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The final dissociation (dots), ionization (stars) and survival (rings) probabilities as a function of the intensity for the wavelengths of (a) 800, (b) 1000, (c) 1200 and (d) 1600 nm. The CEP is fixed at 0.5π.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

CEP-dependent and CEP-averaged KER spectra for different combinations of the pulse wavelength and intensity. The laser parameters for (a), (c) and (e) are the same as those in Figs. 2(a), (f) and (l), respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The electric fields, internuclear distances and asymmetries as a function of time (in different units for the left and right columns). For the left column, the pulse parameters are with the same wavelength of 1600 nm and intensity of 4×1014 W/cm2 but different values of the CEP. For the right column, the pulse parameters are with the same CEP of 0.5π but different wavelengths and intensities. The horizontal and vertical dash lines indicate the one-photon coupling points (about 6.1 a.u. for 1600 nm and 5.2 a.u. for 800 nm) and the time when the average internuclear distances reach the points, respectively.

Equations (8)

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i t Ψ ( R , z ; t ) = [ H 0 + V ( t ) ] Ψ ( R , z ; t ) ,
H 0 = 1 2 μ 2 R 2 1 2 μ e 2 z 2 1 ( z R / 2 ) 2 + α 1 ( z + R / 2 ) 2 + α + 1 R 2 + β ,
P B : 0 < R < 10 and 10 < z < 10 ,
P + : R > 10 and ( z R / 2 ) 2 < 5 ,
P : R > 10 and ( z + R / 2 ) 2 < 5 ,
Ψ bound ( R , z ; t ) = n = 0 N v n ( R , z ) | Ψ ( R , z ; t ) v n ( R , z ) ,
P ± ( t ) = 0 10 d R 0 ± 10 d z | Ψ ( R , z ; t ) Ψ bound ( R , z ; t ) | 2 + 10 R max d R ± R 2 5 ± R 2 + 5 d z | Ψ ( R , z ; t ) Ψ bound ( R , z ; t ) | 2 ,
R ( t ) ¯ = 0 R max d R z max z max d z R | Ψ ( R , z ; t ) | 2 0 R max d R z max z max d z | Ψ ( R , z ; t ) | 2

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