Abstract

A tunable and single longitudinal mode Er-doped fiber ring laser (SLM-EDFRL) is proposed and demonstrated based on Rayleigh backscattering (RBS) in single mode fiber-28e (SMF-28e). Theory and experimental study on formation of SLM from normal multi-mode ring laser is demonstrated. The RBS feedback in 660 m SMF-28e is the key to ensure SLM laser oscillation. This tunable SLM laser can be tuned over 1549.7-1550.18 nm with a linewidth of 2.5-3.0 kHz and a side mode suppression ratio (SMSR) of ~72 dB for electrical signal power. The tuning range is determined by the bandpass filter and gain medium used in the experiment. The laser is able to operate at S+C+L band.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

T. Zhu, X. Bao, L. Chen, H. Liang, and Y. Dong, “Experimental study on stimulated Rayleigh scattering in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 18(22), 22958–22963 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan and J. Yao, “A wavelength-tunable single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser with a large sidemode suppression and improved stability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 413–415 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, “270-km ultralong Raman fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 976–978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. X. Yang, L. Zhan, Q. S. Shen, and Y. X. Xia, “High-power single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a ring Fabry-Perot resonator and a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 879–881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhang and J. U. Kang, “C-band wavelength-swept single-longitudinalmode erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(18), 14173–14179 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

J. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry-Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 267(1), 177–181 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

X. Chen, J. Yao, F. Zeng, and Z. Deng, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser employing an equivalent phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1390–1392 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Liu, J. Yao, J. Yao, and T.H. Yeap, “Single-longitudinal-mode multiwavelength fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1020–1022 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

N. Kishi and T. Yazaki, “Frequency control of a single-frequency fiber laser by cooperatively induced spatial-hole burning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(2), 182–184 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

J. Zhang, C. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. Zyskind, “Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 30(8), 648–649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(19), 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, “270-km ultralong Raman fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Babin, S. A.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, “270-km ultralong Raman fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, X.

Canales, I.

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Chen, X.

X. Chen, J. Yao, F. Zeng, and Z. Deng, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser employing an equivalent phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1390–1392 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-K.

Cheng, X. P.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 976–978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

Chi, S.

Chien, H. C.

Churkin, D.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, “270-km ultralong Raman fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clements, W. R. L.

J. Zhang, C. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Daisy, R.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. Zyskind, “Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 30(8), 648–649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J. W.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(19), 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Z.

X. Chen, J. Yao, F. Zeng, and Z. Deng, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser employing an equivalent phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1390–1392 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Y.

El-Taher, A. E.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, “270-km ultralong Raman fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feinberg, J.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feng, B. X.

Fernandez-Vallejo, M.

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. Zyskind, “Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 30(8), 648–649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Harper, P.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, “270-km ultralong Raman fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Havstad, S. A.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, M.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. Zyskind, “Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 30(8), 648–649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

J. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry-Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 267(1), 177–181 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T. T.

Jain, R.

Kablukov, S. I.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, “270-km ultralong Raman fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, J. U.

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, “270-km ultralong Raman fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kishi, N.

N. Kishi and T. Yazaki, “Frequency control of a single-frequency fiber laser by cooperatively induced spatial-hole burning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(2), 182–184 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ko, C. H.

Kringlebotn, J. T.

Laming, R. I.

Lee, C.-C.

Liang, H.

Liaw, S.-K.

Libatique, N.

Lit, J. W. Y.

J. Zhang, C. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, J. Yao, J. Yao, and T.H. Yeap, “Single-longitudinal-mode multiwavelength fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1020–1022 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

Lopez-Amo, M.

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Higuera, J. M.

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mezentsev, V. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, “270-km ultralong Raman fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, C.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(19), 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pan, S.

S. Pan and J. Yao, “A wavelength-tunable single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser with a large sidemode suppression and improved stability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 413–415 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, N.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(19), 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Perez-Herrera, R. A.

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Podivilov, E. V.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, “270-km ultralong Raman fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quintela, M. A.

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schinn, G. W.

J. Zhang, C. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Q. S.

X. X. Yang, L. Zhan, Q. S. Shen, and Y. X. Xia, “High-power single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a ring Fabry-Perot resonator and a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 879–881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 976–978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

J. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry-Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 267(1), 177–181 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tan, W. C.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 976–978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tang, M.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 976–978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tse, C. H.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 976–978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, “270-km ultralong Raman fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vahala, K. J.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(19), 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Wang, X.

Willner, A. E.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wu, R. F.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 976–978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y. X.

X. X. Yang, L. Zhan, Q. S. Shen, and Y. X. Xia, “High-power single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a ring Fabry-Perot resonator and a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 879–881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xie, L.

Xie, Y.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. X.

X. X. Yang, L. Zhan, Q. S. Shen, and Y. X. Xia, “High-power single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a ring Fabry-Perot resonator and a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 879–881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

S. Pan and J. Yao, “A wavelength-tunable single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser with a large sidemode suppression and improved stability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 413–415 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, J. Yao, F. Zeng, and Z. Deng, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser employing an equivalent phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1390–1392 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Yao, J. Yao, and T.H. Yeap, “Single-longitudinal-mode multiwavelength fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1020–1022 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Yao, J. Yao, and T.H. Yeap, “Single-longitudinal-mode multiwavelength fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1020–1022 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yazaki, T.

N. Kishi and T. Yazaki, “Frequency control of a single-frequency fiber laser by cooperatively induced spatial-hole burning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(2), 182–184 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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J. Liu, J. Yao, J. Yao, and T.H. Yeap, “Single-longitudinal-mode multiwavelength fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1020–1022 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Yuan, X.

J. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry-Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 267(1), 177–181 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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J. Zhang, C. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 104–109 (1996).
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[CrossRef]

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X. X. Yang, L. Zhan, Q. S. Shen, and Y. X. Xia, “High-power single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a ring Fabry-Perot resonator and a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 879–881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 976–978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, C. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, “Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(1), 104–109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 976–978 (2008).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, “All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59(19), 2369–2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. Zyskind, “Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 30(8), 648–649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (8)

N. Kishi and T. Yazaki, “Frequency control of a single-frequency fiber laser by cooperatively induced spatial-hole burning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(2), 182–184 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. X. Yang, L. Zhan, Q. S. Shen, and Y. X. Xia, “High-power single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with a ring Fabry-Perot resonator and a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 879–881 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, J. Yao, F. Zeng, and Z. Deng, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser employing an equivalent phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1390–1392 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, J. L. Zhou, M. Tang, W. C. Tan, R. F. Wu, and J. Zhang, “Single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on high finesse fiber Bragg grating Fabry-Perot etalon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 976–978 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Yao, J. Yao, and T.H. Yeap, “Single-longitudinal-mode multiwavelength fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1020–1022 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuera, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(11), 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan and J. Yao, “A wavelength-tunable single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser with a large sidemode suppression and improved stability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 413–415 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Sun, X. Yuan, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, “Single-longitudinal-mode fiber ring laser using fiber grating-based Fabry-Perot filters and variable saturable absorbers,” Opt. Commun. 267(1), 177–181 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, J. D. Ania-Castañón, S. A. Babin, V. Karalekas, P. Harper, D. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, A. E. El-Taher, E. V. Podivilov, and V. K. Mezentsev, “270-km ultralong Raman fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(13), 133901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall PTR, 1998).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The configuration of the experimental setup. WDM: wavelength division multiplexing device; EDF: Erbium-doped fiber; TOBPF: tunable optical bandpass filter; OC: optical circulator; PC1, PC2: polarization controller; ISO: isolator; TOBPF: tunable optical bandpass filter; C1: 95:5 coupler or 50:50 coupler; C2: 90:10 coupler; VOA: variable optical attenuator; pump light direction (black arrows); RBS light direction (blue arrows).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The schematic of the linewidth measurement setup. EDFA: Erbium-doped fiber amplifier; AOM: acoustic-optic modulator; PD: photo-detector; OSA: optical spectrum analyzer; ESA: electrical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The schematic of the theoretical model, the spectrum of bandpass filter (black curve), the multi-modes induced by MRC (blue curve), the spectrum of RBS with single mode (red curve), the cavity loss level (dashed line).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The laser spectrum (a) without 660 m SMF-28e, (b) with 660 m SMF-28e, the evolution of the electrical power contrast and the linewidth (b) vs. the pump current when attenuation is 6 dB, (d) vs. the attenuation when pump current is 500 mA.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The laser spectrum at A and RBS spectrum at D. (a) disconnecting points B and C with 50:50 coupler at C1, (b) connecting points B and C with 50:50 coupler and attenuation of 0 dB, (c) connecting points B with C with 50:50 coupler and attenuation of 3 dB, (d) connecting point B with point C with 95:5 coupler and attenuation of 6 dB

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The configuration of the improved experimental setup. FRM: Faraday rotating mirror.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) the laser spectrum without VOA. (b) the laser spectrum with cavity loss of 6 dB. (c) the evolution of the electrical power contrast and linewidth vs. the pump current. (d) the evolution of the laser power. (e) the evolution of the electrical power contrast and linewidth vs. the attenuation. (f) the tunable characteristic.

Equations (3)

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E = [ E p u m p ( f , L + l ) + 0 L E R B S ( f , z ) d z ] × F f i l t e r ( f 0 , Δ f )
β × ( L + l ) = 2 m π , β × ( L + l + l 1 ) + ϕ R B S ( z ) = 2 n π
I = { | E p u m p ( f , L + l ) | 2 + 0 L | E R B S ( f , z ) | 2 d z + 2 Re [ E p u m p ( f , L + l ) × 0 L E R B S ( f , z ) d z ] } × [ F f i l t e r ( f 0 , Δ f ) ] 2

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