Abstract

We assess the impact of utilizing electrical cross-connects for the intermediate grooming and 3R regeneration of wavelength paths in a hybrid hierarchical optical path network. Simulation results prove that they offer a significant cost reduction. We also investigate the dependencies of network cost on network parameters including optically-transparent reach, electrical switch port cost, and waveband capacity. It is demonstrated that it is critical to choose the waveband capacity properly in order to minimize total network cost.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. K.-I. Sato, Advances in Transport Network Technologies - Photonic Networks, ATM and SDH- (Artech House, 1996).
  2. K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun E90-B, 1890–1902 (2007).
  3. X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, “Framework for waveband switching in multigranular optical networks: part I- Multigranular cross-connect architectures,” J. Opt. Netw. 5(12), 1043–1055 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Optical networking technologies that will create future bandwidth abundant networks,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(2), A81–A93 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Torab, V. Hutcheon, D. Walters, and A. Battou, “Waveband switching efficiency in WDM networks: Analysis and case study,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OtuG3.
  6. M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical cross-connect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Li, W. Yao, and B. Ramamurthy, “Same-destination-intermediate grouping vs. end-to-end grouping for waveband switching in WDM mesh networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2005), 1807–1812.
  8. X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, “A study of waveband switching with multilayer multi-granular optical cross-connects,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 21(7), 1081–1095 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a Cartesian product space,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 26(6), 22–31 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Optical cross-connect switch architectures for hierarchical optical path networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun E91-B, 3174–3184 (2008).
  11. H. C. Le, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Hierarchical optical path network design algorithm considering waveband add/drop ratio constraint,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2(10), 872–882 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, “Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88–94 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, and A. C. Varsou, “Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks,” in Proceedings of 22nd Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), 1344–1354.
  14. S. Yao, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, “Design of hybrid optical networks with waveband and electrical TDM switching,” in Proceedings of Global Communications Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), 2803–2808.
  15. S. S. Lee, M. C. Yuang, and P. L. Tien, “Impact of waveband switching on dimensioning multi-granular hybrid optical networks,” in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling (2005), 371–381.
  16. H. C. Le, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Hybrid optical WDM networks utilizing optical waveband and electrical wavelength cross-connects,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper NMC3.
  17. S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw. 53(7), 926–944 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Patel, C. Gao, J. Jue, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, P. Palacharla, and T. Naito, “Traffic grooming and regenerator placement in impairment-aware optical WDM networks,” in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling (2010), 72–77.
  19. C. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical layer impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optical networks: Issues and challenges,” Commun. Surveys Tuts. 11(4), 109–130 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. B. Garcia-Manrubia, P. Pavon-Marino, R. Aparicio-Pardo, M. Klinkowski, and D. Careglio, “Offline impairment-aware RWA and regenerator placement in translucent optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(3), 265–277 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Youssef, S. Al Zahr, and M. Gagnaire, “Cross optimization for RWA and regenerator placement in translucent WDM networks,” in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling (2010), 1–6.
  22. R. Inkret, A. Kuchar, and B. Mikac, “Advanced infrastructure for photonic networks,” (2008). http://www.ure.cas.cz/dpt240/cost266/docs/COST266_extended_final_report.pdf

2011

2010

H. C. Le, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Hierarchical optical path network design algorithm considering waveband add/drop ratio constraint,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2(10), 872–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Optical networking technologies that will create future bandwidth abundant networks,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(2), A81–A93 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw. 53(7), 926–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical layer impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optical networks: Issues and challenges,” Commun. Surveys Tuts. 11(4), 109–130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a Cartesian product space,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 26(6), 22–31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Optical cross-connect switch architectures for hierarchical optical path networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun E91-B, 3174–3184 (2008).

2007

K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun E90-B, 1890–1902 (2007).

2006

2003

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, “A study of waveband switching with multilayer multi-granular optical cross-connects,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 21(7), 1081–1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, “Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88–94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical cross-connect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Anand, V.

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, “Framework for waveband switching in multigranular optical networks: part I- Multigranular cross-connect architectures,” J. Opt. Netw. 5(12), 1043–1055 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, “A study of waveband switching with multilayer multi-granular optical cross-connects,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 21(7), 1081–1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Aparicio-Pardo, R.

Araki, S.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, “Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88–94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Azodolmolky, S.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw. 53(7), 926–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cao, X.

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, “Framework for waveband switching in multigranular optical networks: part I- Multigranular cross-connect architectures,” J. Opt. Netw. 5(12), 1043–1055 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, “A study of waveband switching with multilayer multi-granular optical cross-connects,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 21(7), 1081–1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Careglio, D.

B. Garcia-Manrubia, P. Pavon-Marino, R. Aparicio-Pardo, M. Klinkowski, and D. Careglio, “Offline impairment-aware RWA and regenerator placement in translucent optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(3), 265–277 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw. 53(7), 926–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ganguly, S.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, “Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88–94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Manrubia, B.

Hasegawa, H.

H. C. Le, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Hierarchical optical path network design algorithm considering waveband add/drop ratio constraint,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2(10), 872–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Optical networking technologies that will create future bandwidth abundant networks,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(2), A81–A93 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Optical cross-connect switch architectures for hierarchical optical path networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun E91-B, 3174–3184 (2008).

I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a Cartesian product space,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 26(6), 22–31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun E90-B, 1890–1902 (2007).

Izmailov, R.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, “Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88–94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kakehashi, S.

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Optical cross-connect switch architectures for hierarchical optical path networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun E91-B, 3174–3184 (2008).

Kang, C.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical cross-connect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical cross-connect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Klinkowski, M.

B. Garcia-Manrubia, P. Pavon-Marino, R. Aparicio-Pardo, M. Klinkowski, and D. Careglio, “Offline impairment-aware RWA and regenerator placement in translucent optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(3), 265–277 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw. 53(7), 926–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Le, H. C.

H. C. Le, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Hierarchical optical path network design algorithm considering waveband add/drop ratio constraint,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2(10), 872–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical cross-connect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maeno, Y.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, “Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88–94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marin, E.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw. 53(7), 926–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pareta, J.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw. 53(7), 926–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical cross-connect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pavon-Marino, P.

Qiao, C.

X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, “Framework for waveband switching in multigranular optical networks: part I- Multigranular cross-connect architectures,” J. Opt. Netw. 5(12), 1043–1055 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, “A study of waveband switching with multilayer multi-granular optical cross-connects,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 21(7), 1081–1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Saradhi, C.

C. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical layer impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optical networks: Issues and challenges,” Commun. Surveys Tuts. 11(4), 109–130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

H. C. Le, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Hierarchical optical path network design algorithm considering waveband add/drop ratio constraint,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2(10), 872–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Optical networking technologies that will create future bandwidth abundant networks,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(2), A81–A93 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Optical cross-connect switch architectures for hierarchical optical path networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun E91-B, 3174–3184 (2008).

I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a Cartesian product space,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 26(6), 22–31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun E90-B, 1890–1902 (2007).

Subramaniam, S.

C. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical layer impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optical networks: Issues and challenges,” Commun. Surveys Tuts. 11(4), 109–130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suemura, Y.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, “Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88–94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tomkos, I.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw. 53(7), 926–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, “Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88–94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Y.

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, “A study of waveband switching with multilayer multi-granular optical cross-connects,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 21(7), 1081–1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yagyu, I.

I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a Cartesian product space,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 26(6), 22–31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical cross-connect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Commun. Surveys Tuts.

C. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical layer impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optical networks: Issues and challenges,” Commun. Surveys Tuts. 11(4), 109–130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Comput. Netw.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw. 53(7), 926–944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, “Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(11), 88–94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw.

K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Optical networking technologies that will create future bandwidth abundant networks,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(2), A81–A93 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Le, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Hierarchical optical path network design algorithm considering waveband add/drop ratio constraint,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2(10), 872–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical cross-connect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, “A study of waveband switching with multilayer multi-granular optical cross-connects,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 21(7), 1081–1095 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Yagyu, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “An efficient hierarchical optical path network design algorithm based on a traffic demand expression in a Cartesian product space,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 26(6), 22–31 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun

S. Kakehashi, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Optical cross-connect switch architectures for hierarchical optical path networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun E91-B, 3174–3184 (2008).

K. Sato and H. Hasegawa, “Prospects and challenges of multi-layer optical networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun E90-B, 1890–1902 (2007).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Netw.

Other

M. Youssef, S. Al Zahr, and M. Gagnaire, “Cross optimization for RWA and regenerator placement in translucent WDM networks,” in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling (2010), 1–6.

R. Inkret, A. Kuchar, and B. Mikac, “Advanced infrastructure for photonic networks,” (2008). http://www.ure.cas.cz/dpt240/cost266/docs/COST266_extended_final_report.pdf

K.-I. Sato, Advances in Transport Network Technologies - Photonic Networks, ATM and SDH- (Artech House, 1996).

A. Patel, C. Gao, J. Jue, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, P. Palacharla, and T. Naito, “Traffic grooming and regenerator placement in impairment-aware optical WDM networks,” in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling (2010), 72–77.

M. Li, W. Yao, and B. Ramamurthy, “Same-destination-intermediate grouping vs. end-to-end grouping for waveband switching in WDM mesh networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2005), 1807–1812.

P. Torab, V. Hutcheon, D. Walters, and A. Battou, “Waveband switching efficiency in WDM networks: Analysis and case study,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OtuG3.

R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, and A. C. Varsou, “Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks,” in Proceedings of 22nd Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), 1344–1354.

S. Yao, C. Ou, and B. Mukherjee, “Design of hybrid optical networks with waveband and electrical TDM switching,” in Proceedings of Global Communications Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2003), 2803–2808.

S. S. Lee, M. C. Yuang, and P. L. Tien, “Impact of waveband switching on dimensioning multi-granular hybrid optical networks,” in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling (2005), 371–381.

H. C. Le, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Hybrid optical WDM networks utilizing optical waveband and electrical wavelength cross-connects,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper NMC3.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Hybrid-HOXC architecture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Combination of grooming and regenerating wavelength paths.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental network topologies.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Network cost evaluation for 5x5 network.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Network cost comparison for COST266 network.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Impact of the optical transparent reach on the network cost.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Dependence of network cost on β.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Impact of waveband capacity.

Metrics